The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on January 7, 1891 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Wednesday, January 7, 1891
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MJ8 ALGONA, IOWA, Wl)i)KdESSfiAY f JAKtJABY 7, The Upper Des Moines, BY 1NGHAM & WARREN. i*r THE SOUTH, Criminal news is not confined to JMHithei-n states, but one class of intlmi- , dation and murder certainly nourishes > there. A postmaster named Matthews was shot at Carfollton, Miss, The Chi- cage .Tribune, with characteristic en* terprise, sent a reporter to Carrollton to find the facts and report. He found to his satisfaction that Mathews had been killed for political activity in the late election, and chiefly for assisting the darkies in securing their right to vote. Onaccount of local feeling, he did not attempt to send a dispatch from the Carrollton office, but went to the livery stable and hired a horse and driver to go to Winona. The man said it would bo a two hours' drive, but his lazy darkey driver took nearly twice that time. He sent n long report by telegraph from the Winona office, giving; the facts as he had found thorn, and in newspaper stylo. •The next morning the nature of his report was known among tho Winona people, and ho was met with a demand for $160 for driving a horse to death the •day before. Whon ho laughingly sold he did not drive tho horse at all, he was promptly arrested and clapped into jail, which he describes as a structure Completed loss than a year ago, but filled with a fetid odor like that of a morgue when business is good on a hot summer day. It is fitted up with modern sewers minus the water with which to flush them. Four negroes and three lean, sallow, consumptive-looking whites made up the list of prisoners. The citizens peered in at him all day in 3, curious way, and towards night he •was taken before tho mayor. The room was full of threatening faces and the mayor ordered him back to jail. By -this time the United States marshal, who was sick abed, sent a friend to advise him, and ho told him things had taken a dangerous turn, and to settle if possible and get out in the night. This ho did by paying $8 and giving a note jfor $90 endorsed by Mr. Mathews' mother, and the mayor turned him loose •while the mob believed that he was in jail till morning. He caught a freight 'train and in forty minutes was at Gren- •ada and from there came north. In the meantime tho Tribune was busy at Washington to protect its correspondent and had Senator George and other Mississippi representatives use their in- fluonco. They all deprecated the occurrence. The reporter tells his experience onodestly, and believes that Matthews' death was for political work, and also "believes that his own life was in danger lor reporting the facts. In what other part of the country would a reporter be disturbed while engaged in his regular work? Where in the north'would political feeling lead to disturbing a man for giving his impressions of any event •or crime? be sent to an Insane asylum, of, what Would perhaps be better, a&it out among the Sioux when they are on a scalp hunt. They would have more experience when they got back; besides, they would hot deal so sparingly with truth. The Sioux City Journal holiday edl* tton reached the high water mark for an Iowa paper. Forty-four pages handsomely printed and thoroughly edited speak for Sioux City and northwestern Iowa at the opening of 1801. The Journal Is a paper for Iowa to be justly proud of. The Carroll Herald writes up " phi- lanthropist'' Pullman of sleeping car fame, and closes with hoping that " the sovereign people of this state will remember this philanthropist (?) and elect a legislature next autumn that will make him pay tax on his rolling stock in this state." As Christmas carao on Thursday, the following weather proverb Is worthy ot attention; If Christmas day on Thursday bo, A windy winter you shall see; Windy weather in each week. And hard tempests strong and thick. The summer shall ho good and dry, That year Is good lands for to till. THE announcement of Carl Snydor's retirement from tho Council Bluffs .Nonpareil will como with a sense of personal loss to every editor in Iowa who lias become accustomed to look to his editorial work for entertainment and .refreshment. There has boon a dash and brilliancy about his writing coupled with a freedom of discussion and a Tjroad sympathy with modern thought and progressive tendencies in all lines that have marked him among western writers. It is Oliver Wendell Holmes who says that literary skill has grown iSO common that writers, who in his (youth would have achieved fame, are h \pow doing the common and unnoticed f» •Work of tho press. It is certainly true 2 -fthat at his best Mr. Snyder has reached .;, fl\high level, judged by tho most classic ^iundard. There has been no field in ^'Council Bluffs for a profitable daily of •the pretensions of the Nonpareil, and while wo shall regret tho loss of so brilliant a writer from Iowa, TIIK UPPER DES MOINES hopes to hoar from Bro. Snydor in some field whoro his abilities will find adequate recognition. "We predict for him a high place in the journalism of tho next twenty-live years. UST THIS NEIGHBOBHOOD. Presiding Elder Black attended the meeting of tho Epworth league of the Sheldon district last week. Sheldon Mail: Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Stlnson have been enjoying a visit from Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Stacy of Algona, Mrs. Btlnson's father and mother. .Tho Pilot says that the legitimate building improvements In Storm Lake for tho year 1880 foots up to about $75,000, and that if kept up for tho next ten years will make t? city of at least 8,000 pooplo. The Freeman says that including the new Congregational church, tho cost of Webster City's improvements— in the erection of business houses and residences— has not been loss than $60,000. This docs not include tho $15,000 expended for the establishment of electric lights. It is reported from Ft. Dodge that W. R. Lamoroux has secured an appointment as court reporter in the Sac district, and will resign his position with Judge Thomas to accept it. His headquarters will be in Sao City, and Mr. and Mrs Lamoroux will remove to that place in the spring to make their homo, Esther ville Republican: Lee Walston, the efficient clerk at Metzgor & Erdahl's, faces this installment, the opening jjages tell of Talleyrand's neglected childhood and his entry into Parisian society, They also give his views oi Lft Fftyette, and the effect of the American on the French revolution; some account of the beginnings of the latter; a very contemptuous opinion of the Duke ot Orleans"; a sketch of the author's stay in finglsSd and the United States, and a highly interesting conversation between himself and Alexander Hamilton on free trade and protection. * •++" The fancy took me to go to Note," says Mr. Percival Lowellm his paper on "Noto; An Unexplored Corner of Japan-," and Where Noto IB, and how he went there, Is not only the subject of the opening article In the January Atlantic, but Is to he the subject of several articles which are to follow. Mr. Lowell always writes cleverly, and his account of his Journey Is the freshest and most vivid travel sketch that has appeared for some time, He was accompanied on his wanderings by a cef tain Yejiro, who acted as servant and courier, Mr. Lowell says that, " besides cooking excellently well, he made paper plum blossoms beautifully, and once constructed a string telephone out of his own head. I mention these samples of his accomplishments to show that he was no mere dabbler In pots and pans." -n- The publishers of the Des Moines News offer their splendid eight page paper, the Weekly News, and th3 beautiful Cosmopolitan Magazine both for $2.40 a year to new subscribers. The regular price of the Cosmopolitan Is $2.40 and that of the Weekly News $1 a year. THE COST OF BAISINQ CORN. Some Estimates of tho Cash Outlay In Kossutli. Gov. Boies' remarkable statement in his New York speech that by the state statistics in costs §8 an acre to raise corn in Iowa has set some of our farmers to figuring on what their actual cash outlay is. There is some dispute in estimates, but none of them can reach $8 an acre, or approximately that amount for corn that goes but 33 bushels to the acre, and sells at 22 cents. Among others Senator Chubb has figured on the problem and his estimates are worth noting. As a fair but close estimate of the cash cost of raising 33 bushels of 22 cent corn to the acre, Senator Chubb gives the following: Plowing 50 acres, at $1.25 5 02 50 Seven bushels seed at $1 700 Planting 1250 Harrowing 500 Cultivating three times 50 00 Husking and cribbing 50 00 A Compfehetisite ftepof fc of the Teachers' Meeting' Held at Des Moines tastWeek, Some Reforms Suggested In the Matter of Spelling;, «to.—The Annual Address—The Routihfc Work. To the Editor: At your request I submit the following as a very much abbreviated report of the proceedings of the thirty-sixth session of the Iowa State Teachers' association held in Des Moines Dec. 80 and 31,1890, and Jan. 1, 189L This organization at present consists of six different departments, each having its separate programme and place of meeting, hence the necessity of a much more "numerous" reporter than myself in order to obtain anything like a complete statement of the proceedings. The general plan of operations is as follows: The Educational Council, which is made up of six delegates from each of the six departments before mentioned, convened in the rooms of the Commercial Exchange at 9 o'clock on Tuesday, Dec. 30. Here were discussed: 1. What shall precede the American University? 2. The Problem of Individuality in Instruction. 3. Moral Instruction in Public Schools. At the lost meeting of the association a committee was appointed to deal with each of the above subjects, formulate a report and submit the same to the council at this meeting', when a general discussion was to be had. Prof. A. N. Currier, teacher of Latin in the state university, as chairman of the committee having in charge the flrst, submitted a report of which the The Cedar Rapids Republican says Andrew D. White is right in saying: " Municipal affairs tire not political; political parties us such have nothing to do with oiUes; men who impart political considerations into municipal management are to bo opposed." The Republican says it shall act on this theory hereafter, and support city officers on grounds of fitness ulono. Lafe Young says in the Capital: " On account of the governor's fuuerul oration •(delivered in New York, the Capital has changed his front numo from Horace to JJearse. The following from Mr, Wurron's gpearflsh Mail is respectfully referred to •the consideration of tho Courier. Mr. War- yen is out tioar the Indian settlements: An Iowa editor who never saw a live Indian, and is us ignorant of the native "cussed .ness" of one as ho is of tho glories and 'beauties of Paradise, declares tho killing of Pitting Bull "wilful, deliberate murder," nnd goes ou to say that ho had surrendered Without resistance and was shot down in «)Qld Wood without cause or provocation. People a thousand miles from the theater wherein was enacted the recent tragedy that took Sitting Bull to his final rest—who, either through ignorance or malice, publish such slush us thu,t above referred to, should was married Deo. 80th to Miss Ina Chambers at West Mitchell, Iowa. Lee is one of Estherville's best young men and he is to bo congratulated on this sensible move. Mr. and Mrs, W. will go to housekeeping In tho newly-furnished cottage on North Sixth street, where they will be at home to their friends after Fob, 1st. A large number of the farmers of Humboldt county who are interested in sheep farming have organized under tho name of tho Humboldt County Wool and Mutton Association. Theo. J. Smith was elected president and W. W. Blanchard secretary. Much interest was manifested and tho association Is bound to grow. The members are all of tho opinion that Iowa is tho banner state for sheep raising, and the interests of that branch of farming should be looked up. The Hancock Signal says that at the present rate of demand tho prairies of Hancock county will soon bo improved farms. From October 1st to December 29th, Brockway & Elder of Concord have sold wild lands to the amount of $100,000 and not an improved farm among the transfers. During tho same time the other land agents of tho county had a full share of business. Probably tho salo of lands for improvement during 1890 will exceed $500,000 in valuo. The most of this land will be improved next year, and probably 80,000 acres of prairie will bo turned over during tho coming season, H. I. Smith, Mason City's banker, bought a kodak photograph machine. The Republican tolls of his experience, and says he Jlrst posed his grey hound against tho bank and fired tho thing off. On arriving homo ho discovered that ho had not removed tho cap from the muzzle of tho thing, and tho picture was a blank. Ho thought ho would try it again, and to bo sure it was all right ho stooped over and peeped over the top of tho muzzle. Just as the nostrils in his noso got into range the thing accidentally went off, and the picture looks like the entrance to Mammoth Cave. The kodak is lor salo. We like to publish water works items about our neighbors. Here is tho last from Mason City : It seems that tho flow at tho artesian well lias about ceased. At a depth of 200 foot the well flowed about twenty gallons a minuto and increased gradually until a distance 000 feet below tho surface of tho earth was reached, when it flowed about ninety gallons iv minuto. This, in addition to tho flow from the springs, which averages from thirty to seventy-five gallons per minute, according to the weather, would have boon hufllcieut to supply tho needs of tho city at nil times. An average of 115 gallons of water per minute has been pumped through tho mains tho past year. Tho artesian well now is down 000 feet and many of our citizens suggest the advisability of stopping there and plugging up tho hole at a depth of 000 feet, which would start tho flow again. They also suggest that should the city desire to spend any more money in this Hue tho bettor plan would bo to drill another hole u short distance from tho present one to a depth of 000 feet and have the benefit of two artesian wells, which, in addition to the springs, would bo amply sufficient to moot the needs of tho city at all times, and would also bo a saving of $1,000 from the original estimate, which was placed at $4,000. This plan seems to bo a very reasonable one, and should bo seriously considered by tho committee of tho council having tho matter in charge. _ _ Total $18700 This gives a net cost of $3.74 per acre, and this is not far from what corn production actually costs in Iowa. Of course the cost of marketing, taxes, interest, machinery, etc., will all be figured in to swell this amount, but when this is done it should also be figured that by feeding stock, the farmer gets much more than 22 cents for his coi'n. The farmer who receives only $7.33 an acre for his corn crop need not expend a total of over $3.74 an acre in marketing it. To verify these figures Senator Chubb puts the problem another way, using a man and team at $2.50 a day to do the work: Plowing, 25 days $ 0250 Planting, 4 days 10 00 Seed 700 Harrowing, 2 days 500 First cultivation, 8 days 20 00 Second and third cultivation, 10 days. 25 00 Huslting at 3 cents per bushel 50 00 Total for 50 acres $170 50 This gives a still less net cost per acre. There is still another way to reach practically the same result. Our creameries get all the men with teams they want at $50 a month. Beginning April 10_ to plow for corn, and finishing cultivation July 10, gives three months' work or a cost of $150. Add $50 for cribbing, and the total is still but $13 more for 50 acres than as first figured, and the man and team have many idle days in tho three months. When these figures are investigated and it is cqp- sidered that during the time the actual farmer is raising 50 acres of corn he is feeding stock, milking, and putting in his rainy days and times corn cannot be worked at other work, raising a grain crop, and malting hay; that corn growing fits in with other farming so that it is out of the way at the busy seasons, it is seen that any talk of a big cash cost to tho farmer for his corn is absured. By no possibility can it be figured at over $4 an acre for average cultivation, and $5 an acre will give manured fields, and such cultivation as insures from 40 to 00 bushels of number one corn. HUSTLING- QUALITIES. Sncli nro Wliat C. A. Elmendorf Has in Sioux Falls. The Sioux Palls Argus of late date has the following notice of a well known former Algonian: In these times of sharp competition, people must have things brought to their doors, and are not going to any considerable trouble to look up dealers that must be sought for. A casual observer looking over Elmendorf's stock of pianos and organs upon Doc. 1, would have wondered where he could possibly place them. There were W fine new pianos and 32 organs. Yet New Years, 1891, will not find Elmendorf with a single one of these pianos unsold, and but a few organs. This is a wonderful month's record, considering tho alleged hard times, and shows conclusively what ceaseless rustle will do for a man. Mr, Elmendorf has shown great enterprise and nerve in fitting up his new place of business in the MAGAZINES FOR JANUARY. The flrst installment of the selections from Tulloyruud's Memoirs in the most strilt:. ing feature of the Jaumu-y Century. A sketch of Talleyrand by Minister WMtclaw Reid pre\ VanEps block at a time when so many men were inclined to call a halt. However, all things are possible to those who hustle. Elmendorf's establishment and trade is the largest in the state, and it would not be far short of the mark to say that he does-more business than all other dealers in the state combined. Mr. Elmendorf not only finds time to superintend his business and rustle for trade during the day, but may be found nearly every night wielding the baton for the best orchestra in South Dakota. Pianos are made to be sold as well as to be played upon—and Elmendorf was made to sell them. In the course of a few days his place will again be filled with a largo line of beautiful new instruments, and the time will be well spent for one who is interested to look through this best of all Dakota music stores. A fine cut of the VanEps block may be found on the seventh page of this paper. Mr. Elmendorf's place is the second door south of the bunk entrance. following 1 is a brief summary: (a.) High schools, colleges and universities overlapped each other and did the same work, (b.) Colleges should throw put of 'their courses all except disciplinary studies, (c.) High schools should prepare pupils for college, (d.) Universities should take up the work where the college left it and do the special work. The discussion was quite spirited and the idea that the function of the tigh school is primarily to prepare pupils for college was ably refuted by many. These held that the sciences such as chemistry, botahy, physics, etc., have a proper place in the course of the high school and can be taught there as well as in many of the so-called colleges of the state. HOW TO INSTRUCT. On the problem of "Individuality in Instruction," the general tenor of the report seemed to favor: (a.) Diminish class_ work to the minimum, increase individual work to the maximum, (b.) Look less sharply to the grading than to the interests of the child, (c.) Do not lose sight of the fact that the stimulus arising from a wholesome competition in class instruction is necessary to a complete development of the child, (d.) In reviews and examinations all questions should be stated topically, which will give ample room for individuality, and all marking should take into account the individualities of ttie child. In the discussion which followed, Supt, Witter of the Muscatine schools, who presented the report, advocated the idea of doing away with examinations entirely and grade pupils upon the individual judgment of the teacher as shown by daily marking of recitations. Should a teacher be asked for an explanation of why a pupil did not pass from one grade to another, ho admitted that none could be given other than that such was her judgment. This idea was strongly opposed by many prominent and experienced superintendents of city schools. The principal and only good objection to a proper system of examinations, oral and written, lies in tho fact that it entails much extra tedious work upon the teacher, and the decision to be arrived at is which shall weigh heavier in the scale, the advantage to the pupil or the inconvenience of the teacher. The pupil should feel that his advancement depends upon his own individual effort and not alone upon the judgment of his teacher. MORALS IN THE SCHOOL. Prof. O. C. Scott presented the report of the committee upon the question of "Moral Instruction in Public Schools." The principal points brought out were that morals should be taught: 1. By example, (a.) The teacher should see to it that his example should be neither uncertain nor on the wrong side, (b.) History and biography abound in examples powerful in moulding young life. 2. By precept, (a,) The bible should not be excluded from the public schools, (b.) As to time and method, regularly as other branches, also incidentally. THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS. The formal opening of tho general association took place at the Congregational church at 7:30. After an address of welcome by Dr. H. O, Breeden of Des Moines and a response by Vice-Pres't E. H. Stanton of Ames, Supt. Jas. McNaughton delivered the president's address. It was a scholarly effort and dealt directly and forcibly with vital questions of the day. The following are extracts: Our nation is developing a social system under conditions new to the world. We have as yet 119 distinctively American system of education. In many things we are CHOICE buckwheat flour on hand. J. Wilson,-34t8 many things we are vainly striving to imitate in matter and method systems born and nurtured under race and governmental conditions the antipodes of ours. We look askance at the kindergarten because we expected it to produce the perfect fruit before it became acclimated. We look with doubting hope to manual training because of our inability to adjust its methods perfectly to present social and educational conditions. Tho schools of this country must be emancipated from the bondage of the musty curricula of the middle ages, leave the Greek and possibly the Latin to the linguistic specialists, and adapt themselves to the needs of a people higher in attainments, purer in morals and broader in scope of scientific research and commercial activity than Greece or Rome could ever boast. The vital interest of the coming generation in the impending struggle between capital and labor demands of the public school the best possible preparation to meet its emergencies, because of its duty to produce the highest possible type of citizenship. The successful administration of school anairs iu this state is due to the intelligence and integrity of the superintendents and teachers rather than the statutory provisions. No person should be allowed to enter on the duties of county superintendent J. until he has flrst procured a state certifl- I cate or a JJfe diploma or other satisfactory evidence 6f quallficAtion front competen ^The^eLdof deteminln|the qtiallflca- tion of teachers as providedby law 18 ais open to grave objections and full of danger to the conscientious, cultured superintend ent, and equally 68, to the teacher in th hands of an intriguteg politician. Innios cases a board composed of Severn pe«oh Will be both able and likely to act tnore in depeadently of all undue influences than Single person. A board of exaininerv con sistttig of three or five members* appointe for a district comprising'several counties and serving for three years or more, actin under the dtf cctiou of the state departmen of public instruction Would be vastly supe rior to the present statutory plan. in all cases the best test of a person 1 ability to teach is that Which comes froi observation of Work in the branches of stud and the practice of teaching. Such tests can best be made In normal departments schools, or in normal schools proper, Which in our state there Is still a great lack not in quality but in numbers. THE GENERAL PROCEEDINGS. During Wednesday and Thursday th f eneral association convened in tjie au itorium of the Congregational churc and continued in session each day unt noon. In the afternoon the followin departments met in various places an carried out as many different pro grammes: Department of Secondary Education Elementary and Graded Departmen Primary Section of Graded Departmen' College and University Departmen' County Superintendents' Department Penmanship and Drawing. The first paper in the morning wa read by Prof. Pierce of Keokuk o " Teaching Penmanship in the Publi Schools." He is a specialist in the wor and criticised tho methods pursued b the average teacher quite severely. H claimed: 1. That the copy-book as general used is not conducive to good results 2. Special attention should be given form in tho lower grades. 3. Specia attention to movement in the highe grades. Dr. E. E. White, formerly superin tendent of the Cincinnati schools, then gave a talk on the teaching of morals ii the public schools. He presented th outlines of a book which he has pre pared for use in class which seemed fo be quite complete. In the afternoon, in the Elementar and Graded Department, Miss Ett Supples of the Des Moines schools reac a carefully prepared paper upon " Thi Teacher in Society." She discussed tb different phases of social life and thi teacher's relation to them, and conclud ed that the teacher must decide,fo herself what course to take—no oni could do this for her. In society shi must be, and no one could find her place for her as well as she herself. After a paper on " The Teacher in Politics,"andalsoonoon "TheTeache in Finance," the subject of the "Pro motion of Pupils" was exhaustively dis cussed. The line of argument followec closely upon that pursued by the Edu cational Council on the topic of " Indi viduality in Instruction," of which men tion has been made. The following res olution was finally adopted with but few dissenting votes: Eesolved, That while this section recog nizes the.educational value of written ex animations in school work, it condemns th same as the sole basis for promotion. THE COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS. In the County Superintendents' sec tion the discussion was principall; along the line of the county institute and what could be done to make it mori effective. Deputy State Superintenden Kling compared our state with Kansas Twelve years ago she modeled her in stitute after ours and today she was fa ahead of us. We need legislation. THE COLLEGE SECTION. In the College Section, presided ove by President Schaeffer of the state uni versity, a paper was read by Prof Barnes of Grinnell on the subject o "The Etymological Difficulty in th Way of Spelling Reform." He took th. ground that it cut but little figure, ant strongly advocated the idea of a reform He made a slight impression upon th> association as will be shown later by resolution that was passed at the close of the session. PENMANSHIP. In the Penmanship and Drawing De partment different systems were pre sented and advocated and the general idea seemed to prevail that not enough attention was given to movement, am that the instruction in form was no specific enough. Attention should be called to the detail of the parts of the letter rather than to the letter as whole, as is generally the case. PROF. GILCHRIST AND OTHERS. On new year's day at 9 a. m, the machinery was again set in motion and the product of many laborious hours work and thought was gradually evolved. Before the General- Association Prof. J. C. Gilchrist read a paper on "Educational Tendencies." That it was a scholarly one it is not necessary to state to people of this community. He held that the tendency is from the general to the specific—the world needs specialists. He regretted, that there seems to be a tendency away from moral training-, especially in colleges and higher institutions, more attention given to the physical man and less to the moral. FREE TEXT BOOKS. A paper upon " The Free Text Book Plan," by J. J. McConnell of Atlantic was read and quite freely discussed Arguments pro and con were offered and were finally crystalized in the following resolution which was adopted by the section and also by the general association at the eyening session: Resolved, That wo reaffirm our belief in the value of free text books and regret that the Twenty-Third General Assembly did not provide some measure by which the children of Iowa might be supplied with this most necessary equipment for their education. Superintendent Beardshear of the west Des Moines schools read an excellent paper upon " State Education—its Purposes and Needs." The following is a short extract which was generally endorsed by the section: Another need is a more systematic, intelligent and ardent teaching of English in our schools. We should have the kindest regard for the people and languages of all nationalities, but as a nation we owe it to them and, as adopted citizens, they owe it to us, to have at least an elementary understanding of the English language, The national language, like the love for American government, should be the pride of every citizen, whether foreign or native born. THE OFFICERS ELECTED. _ At the opening of the afternoon session the nominating committee, consisting of delegates from each of the different sections, made a report naming the officers and standing committees for the ensuing year. Prof. H. H. Freer of Mt. Vernon was named, fov president, and J. M. Moines as secretary. The chairman of th6 commit.*™ ~" Young People's Reading Cif cle" MMe a report consisting of articles oI ofp,^ izatfon, and naming a.standing^oi&toif tee to take charge of it* of which Prof. : Cramer of the Sioux City high school is chairman. . ., , • »/ • . ,. « President Gates of Gfinnell f sported a committee td have in charge the educational exhibit of Iowa at the Wortd e • Fair in 1893, of tvhich State Superin* endent Sabin is chairman* SOME SESOLtJTIONS, The above reports were adopted without dissension, and after the adoption of several resolutions bearing upon the subjects discussed, and of which t tne three following formed a part, the association adjourned subject to the call of the executive committee: ' Resolved. 6. That the teachers of Iowa rejoice in the location of the Columbian Ex- be 8 the°du?y of Iowa'to make at the World's Pair such display of her material resources as shall do honor to the state, and especially such exhibit of her educational progress as shall he commensurate with her splendid attainments. 7 That we most earnestly request the managers of the World's Exposition to make provision for closing the said exposition on Sundays, and in making this request we believe that we voice the unanimous Christian sentiment of the country. 8. That the following three words be spelled In the printed reports of this association as follows; through, thru; though, t h o; although, a 11 h o. PEAOTIOAL PAEM DISCUSSION, Our "Harrison" Township Correspondent Tolls How to Get Farm News of Value. HARRISON, Jan. 3.—To the Editor: With your consent I would like to have a little chat with my brother farmers through your columns. First, I would like to ask, Do you take or read an agricultural paper? If not, can you afford to farm in this progressive age without one? I think not. I do not think a farmer can, read any of our leading agricultural papers for one year and not get some ideas from them that will pay him four fold the subscription price. Now, do not think that I take all agricultural papers as law and gospel, for they are sent all over the United States, so what would be a success in one place would be a failure in another. I do not think there is one published that a farmer could follow in all its theories or directions and keep his head out of water one year. Still they are convenient and I think pay well their cost. I suppose there are twenty, if not fifty different agricultural papers taken in this county. Now, what 1 would propose to farmers who take them is that whenever they see an article in the paper that interests them or that they think would interest others or would be a benefit to the farming community, they clip it (and give the paper credit, of course), and add comments, tell us their ideas of it, etc., and send it to a local paper for publication. In that way we could all get the benefit of all the twenty or more papers, or that part-which would apply to our soil and climate. In that way we can help one another and not injure ourselves.* One other thing would be about as profitable to us, and that is we should get our failures in print as well as our successes, in any one branch of farming. If we report our failures it would warn others against getting caught in the same trap. We know that if anyone gets an extra large crop of corn, oats, flax, or or other crop it is very apt to get into the papers with a description of the mode of raising it. That is right, but it is a little like the city editors: it reads well but there is but one side. Where we make a failure give us that too; we can learn by it. I think I can hear a great many say, as a brother farmer said to me the other day when in conversation on this same subject, " Why, I am a very poor writer, bad speller, and then there is so much grammar nowadays, and I never looked into a grammar in my life." To use his own words, said he, "I could not write anything that anyone could make head or tail to." Now I take the liberty to say that if you will just put your ideas on paper the same as you would give them to a neighbor, and send them to the editor, he will make all necessary corrections; all he wants is your ideas and views on different branches of farming. Try it once and be convinced. E, N, O. A LITTLE LOCAL HISTORY. Dr. Armstrong and Goo. W, Hanna, Sr., Brother Pioneers. The Lu Verne News publishes an in- ;eresting letter from Dr. Armstrong of Irvington to Ceo. W. Hanna of Lu Verne. The doctor is one of Kossuth's oldest settlers and it seems was a friend of Mr, Hanna's father who died not long ago at Waterloo. Through the friendship existing between these two pioneers, G, W. Hanna, Sr., came to Kossuth county some time in the 60's and bought the Carey farm above Algona vhich he owned for some years IRVINQTON, la., Dec. 28,1890,-G W Janna-Dear Sin-Accept thanks for .he paper you sent t me containing an >f your father. I presume^hal^vou enow that, your father and I were fast Iriendg. I have always wanted to have .-.-with him ever since I left Wa: e ' lo o. Your father was the very best nend that I had while in Waterloo Doming in there as I did a stransrer to veryone, and finding almost immerl m t an y a S s UC he a w f1 ,'rri nei i t and ilifl ™ntial rlendntnii v my true and faithful uenaatall times and under all cir- mm s t. n r,n ns , has al boun! him very ny heart. MostResp'y, y J - R. ARMSTRONG. Notice. o my i JlfcA K-i - S. S; SESSIONS, Secretary, Notice, J « M- S

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