The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on January 7, 1891 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, January 7, 1891
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p ; PJ» MOCT1M < ..ALBOA, IOWA. WEDNE8PAY. .TAKTTAttV 7, 189 iLGOtfA, IOWA. TBE LATEST TELEGRAMS, United States army has captured all the belligerent Indians and the war is CVer. This is the tenor of tho latest dispatches. It is about the briefest war in history. NORTH DAKOTA seems good for something besides wheat. Two years ago a farmer there engaged in sheep raising with $600 capital. He reports sales o: wool, $720,- sheep, $800, and 400 sheep o hand for which ho has refused S3.60 eacl SOCIALISTS claim that" properly is un evenly distributed, and that them ougl to be a redistrioution. Tho best and eaa eat wrty to accomplish a inoro even distr button is for the liny to become industrious tho spendthrifts provident, and the drunk nrds sober. NEWS Itf BKIBF. EX-UNITBD States died. EVEN by thcideiUh-be'dof her boy Lionc .who lately expired nt Paris, Mrs, Burnet continued to write, though by no mean to keep professional engagements. Dis traction was what sho nought, llei sketches wrilttn at this trying timo are all about children. AcconniNci to Senator Toller, tho pros, pect for tho copyright bill in the ronate is good, Mr. Teller does not believe in it himself but ho docs believe tho public "favors its passage," and so he has put the bill in Senator Plait's hands, and thinks tho senate will pass it without amendment, and it will bo a law within 80 days. i' SOME men like a reasonable courage in a woman. Thny admire a woman who has the force of will to light her own battle and declare her own rights. This in wha captivated Boon, and although he was re pulsed, ho admired it. There is more than one Bonx in society to-dny. And i little of Ruth's strategic power and determination to win, might result happily. There is no disgrace in a sincere and an honest Jove. It"levntos and enolloa tho whole being, Why, then, should it bo stifled? Why should it bo concealed as if one were ashamed of its being? Why should it bo put away a« if it were a noxious plant, instead of a rare and fragrant flower—Pioneer Press. Treasurer Spinner Commissioner Root's son will be his deputy. SECOND adventists now announce that the milleniutn is due in 1891, TWENTY- FIVS families »ho moved into the Cherokee strip W'o driven out by troops. _ AN American syndicate, it is reported, is ready to buy Alaska from the government and pay therefore $14,000,000. IN a skirmish between Indians and sol diers near Buttle Creek, S, D., the former olc 'were repulsed with Joss. " Hits. ELiKAHETit KEiitjY, of Fond du Lac. is suing the Northern Pacific railroad ( company for $10,000 damages for injuries she claims to have received by fall into an unprotected culvert. MIIS. CifAiir-OTTE BENTON, a niece of TousBaint Gonffe, was*on Tuesdat granted a divorce. . Tim prevalence of petty gambling among wonun is a matter of concern to the authorities of the larger cities nnd manufacturing towns of England. Women's clubs are formed, each person giving a shilling a week and the members throwing dice for the amount. A DISASTROUS conflagration occurred in London Tuesday. Tne dames consumed a large number of buildings on Thames and Queen Victoiia streets, including St. Benet.'s church, a famous edifice. Loss 12 000,000. , ClttMrtKAJj. JOB THOMAS, who killed Michael Downey at Ewen, Mich., is only fifteen years HOOD, ROWIAND AND flOGEBS. Three Scientists ,Who Hare foevoted Theft Genias to the Study of the Physics. The" Napoleon Bonaparte, died Rjchfield Springs, N. Y. L. L. eto'EVKNB, owner of t,ho San born county bank at Woonsockot, S. D., which fnilcd Friday, has become insane. anti-kidnapping 1 league hits been or- gnimad ut Now York; having for its ob- iflcfc (ho rescue of snno persons illegally confined in insano asylums. JUIJOE VAN BUUNT, of tho Now York court of general sessions, has rendered a lecisien that pool selling on commission s ifot illegal. Tun newspapers of Ottawa advocate the purchasing of Alaska by the Canadian government. A GKOIICUA man has just died from, to be officers, two thieves handcuffed Frank Myers of Fostoria, 0., nnd robbed him of $1,300. JOHN BROTHERS, a young man employed at a ttacine hotel, has confessed to stealing money from tho office. MASKED robbers held up the tax collec- r nt. r l*ti/»iarm A r V -IM 1-iio r\PRnn rfi,, nn ,i Original Work on Color Was Made By Professor Rood of Columbia* The Physical Laboratory of'johns Hopkins University and Iis Studies in Mieroinetry. the third number of the group is liftm Augustus Rogers, who was bora n Waterford, Conn., in November, 1832. After studying at the academies in De Rnyter and Alfred, N. Y., he entered the sophomore class at Brown university, and was graduated there in 1857. Returning to Alfred, he be#an his work as a teacher there, and in 1858 he was Saturday at tor at Tucson, A. T., in his office Tuesday 1 and robbed him of §4,000. FRANK BRAITN, a saloonkeeper in Chicago, was found dead Saturday morning. Mrs. Joerudt, his housekeeper, is held bv the police on suspicion of having murdered him. CAKF, Hrcint, of Fergus Falls, Minn., killed his wife, son and daughter and then himself. JOHN J. RKED was sentenced at Troy, N. Y., to-day to seven years' imprisonment for misplacing u. switch on the New Central during the late strike on that road. ISAAC SAWTKU.E, who is under sentence otdeath tit Concord, N. II., for the murder of his brother Hiram, accuses Dr. Blood We have recently made reference to aev eral members of the National Academ of Sciences who made the study of ply sies their specialty, and in the present pa per we return to a group of men wh nave made that subject the work of thei &'" CONFIDENCE Hl£VlV.I.NtJ. IN his recent elaborate interview Jay Gould predicted that by tho middle of January there would be more people wanting to loan than to borrow money. His knowledge of the monetary phases entitles his judgment to a degree of confidence that approaches assurance. There nre other circumstances tending to co: .'.'.. .. the view that the stringency in moir • matters is likely EOOH to disappear. The banks have been increasing their reserves to an extent that will enable them moot all probable demands and add to tho feeling of confidence. This is the only essential to a resumption of stability in business activities, Tho condition of the country presents no serious obstacle to a healthy revival of nil legitimate financial transactions. Tim improvement should be marked in tho opening of tho year,—St. Paul Globo. PROCLAIM IN(J TIIK .10A1U. PRESIDENT HAHIHSONV proclamation of tho world's fair in 18!)!iwas issued Dec. 24th lifter much travail. It is short and formal, but it will suffice. It is tho logical and the necessary end of nearly u year of preparation. From ils promulgation will date tho actualities of tho great ex- porition. Tho arduous labors that havo been accomplished in order to make this action possible aro known to Chicago and to tho world. fho issuance of i his proclamation is the most unthoritnlive announcement that, so far as nil the preliminaries tiro concerned, Chicago has fulfilled all of its obligations and kept all of its promises. From l-his time forward tho work will be much easier. The managers of tho enterprise, as well us Iho people who aro to sustain it, will soo Iho progress that will be made, and, wild tho development, of a well considered plan of .^operations, thoro will bo less and less occasions for disputes, iTil-'eis-m and delay.—Chicago llorald. VKltSU IN Al; j'oi NTS. ... uj-'V/iiui.n. uiiui IJUB JIIHU men JJTUm nfflm „,.!,„„ voi-f timulaticn of the heart caused by ex- °\ th ° Cllme ' cssive smoking of cigarottse. ' WALTER B. Wiom, who until last Snn- Pisoi'MsatFairmount, III., tiro greatly I day was casluer of_tb« Northern Pacific xciled over tbe alleged discovery of gold n S ton ey Creek. I'UEBIDBNT DIAZ has approved the bill lassed by the Mexican Congress of admit- ng corn from the United States free of uty. express company at Spokane Falls, Wash., cominitterl suicide at Conleo Citv, that state, Tuesday. Ho was short 'in his accounts. POSTOFPICB inspectors who had been ordered to Hartford, Conn., to investigate the recent stealing of stamped envelopes by E. I*]. l^HV Itil.vp nlrnnrlir frtnvirl i-l-,..* Ir,... lives. The first to whom wo desire to call'at tention is Ogden Nicholas Rood, who wa born in Dnnbury, Conn., in February ] 831, and is the son of the Rev. Anso Rood, long known as an eminent preache in Pniladelphm. He was graduated a Princeton in 1852, and there developed t fondness for science, in consequence o which he pursued studies first at the scientific school of Yale, and then ii Europe at the universities of Munich ant Berlin. He returned to thfe United States in BODIES of miners buried in No. 3 shaft I E. E. Fuv have "a'rea"civ"fmrnrf flint of the Luhigh and. WilkoB-Barro Coal ODIII- I stole 20.000 envelopes y " puny at, South Wilkes-'Bai-rc." Pa., last March, were recovered Wednesday. LATEST advices from South Dakota say that Big boot's band has surrendered to the tn>9ps and that the other hostilcs in the Bart Lands havo agreed to return to the agencies. A.N1> FniE at Fiillerton, Neb., Tuesday night destroyed eight business houses. 1'nic body of Alfred Ruclt, tho young student from Farno, Penn., drowned at Jtincsville, was recovered Friday. TWENTY-TWO people broke through tho ice at Lake Rice near Co bourgh, Ont., and Miss Elh'e Johnson diod from the exposure. JOHN DAY, of Day's Ford, near Chicago, was drowned Friday night skating n the river. His body was recovered atnrdny morning. JAMKS VEST, a school teacher, was jaught in a sno'w-drift near Hamlin. W. Va., and was frozen to death, TUB plant of tho Calumet Gas and Elec- ric Light company, al South Chicago, was n.irned out Wednesday. The loss is ;J30,000. SUNDAY Fay . „ , ,. - . t .... He had confessed to the stealing of 7,000. LEVI PuiiNELr., and Lewis Leevcr quar relied over n girl Sunday night at VVil mmgton, III. Pnrnell stabbed his ad vorsary fifteen times and then struck hin on the head with a teakettle. Leever'n condition is critical. WM. BI.ANEY, of Baltimore, Md.. who murdered his grandmother, Mrs. Saral Blaney, and his aunt, Caroline M. Blaney on May 2 last, was, on Monday, sentencec by ,Iu:lge Stewart to be hanged. Gov Jackson will designate the timo. Crushed. Four or five of us entered a hotel together, but the man with the sealskin 1858, and almost at once was called to the chair of chemistry and physics at Troy university. Soon alter the beginning of the civil war the chair of physics at Columbia college became vacant in consequence ot ;he expulsion of Professor Richard S. Me- Culloh, who, it southerner by birth, had hastened to the aid of his 'countrymen. To this vacancy Professor Rood was chosen in 1863, and has since retained that chair, and also delivers the lectures at the Columbia College School of Mines chosen professor of mathematics and astronomy at the academy, where he then remained for thirteen years. Meanwhile, from time to time, he studied at the Sheffield scientific school, at the Harvard observatory, and during the civil war for fourteen months he served in the United States_ naval service. In 1870 he became an assistant in the Harvard' observatory) and in 1877 was made assistant professor of astronomy there. This place he held until 1886, when he resigned to accept the chair of astronomy and physics at Colby university, Waterville, Me., which he still retains. While at Alfred he superintended the I building of the observatory there, and arranged for its equipment; while at Harvard his special work consisted in observing and mapping all the stars down to the ninth magnitude in a narrow belt of five degrees, located a little north of our zenith. This work has been done under the auspices of the German Astronomical society, of which ho is a member. Four or five volumes of these obsevatioiiH have already been issued, and others are in piep- aration. His special reputation, however, has been made in micrometry. One of the first difficulties that he met with in his work was the finding of micrometer spider webs that were suitable for his purpose, tie then began a series of experiments in >rder to find a practical method of etching iries on glass. After many fruitless et- : orts, the desired result was obtained by miking a filn; on the glass, cutting the ines to be etched through this film by neans of a still point, and exposing the ilate thus prepared to the fumes of hydro- uoric acid confined in a closo vessel at lie particular point of time when' the 'umes contained the proper degrees of loisturo to give them the maximum elfici- JILA/.ES: Jacob Litt'a Bejou r, nneapolis, loss $-10,000; J. VV. Dium & CO'B. bent, wood ivories, Cul urn- bus, Ohio, loss 85,000; twelve business buildings of Columbus, Tenn., loss 850,- uuu. Tun explosion of a boiler wrecked seven dwelling houses at Cincinnati, Saturday morning, killing a child and fatally injuring a woman. Five other persons were sovorolj hurt. Finis at Burlington, Iowa, Monday night destroyed the Wyman & Rand's building, Wright Bros.' boot and shoe store, iCnut & Kreichbnuni's hardware store and the Parsons and Wright Bros buildings. The has is estimated at $200,- IN Chicii{ro, Samuel Kerns, a young man was killed Tuesday morning by tho current ot an electric light wire passing through his body. He was employed in repairing the roof of tho Baldwin Locomotive Works, when ho thoughtlessly grasped an electrielight wire which passed over the building. He fell to tho roof and died almost instantly. His face was burned and discolored, and the sleeve of his coat was ripped and torn from tho arm which came in contact with the wire. William 11. English, candidate for tho vice-presidency in 1880, is now writing a history of Indiana. * * :); Senator Ingalls is snid to bo engaged upon a review of Hay nnd Nicolny's Life of Abraham Lincoln, of which mndi ii- expoctod. * * * Tho Paris Sieclo says flint Queen Vietoria has made known through Cardinal ALmning that slid will present no ohjec- tion to tho eanoni/.atlou of Joan of Arc. * * * Gen. John Jl. ijiee, who has come prominently to the front as a member of Hi,. ftti'iuers' alliance, weighs about 'JliU pounds. Ho is tall, raw-boned and deep. JiiJiged. Ho dri'ssies in gray homespun. * * if Col. Richard Dale, of Philadelphia, is the possessor of the sword prcsenfed bv LouUXVL to John Paul Jones, and many of Jones' letters and other relicn. Colonel Dale is tho grandson of Commodore Dalo. •,vho was Jones' first lieutenant in the action between tho Bon Homme Richard and the Seraphis. IS AT10W A L, CA IM T Ai.. TIIK senate on Monday confirmed tho nomination of Henry B. Brown as associ- »to justice of tho supreme court. PiiKsmuNT UAIIIUSON'S friends say that Mr. Lincoln's appoinlinent ti* minister to Knglnnd was made after consultation with .Senators Cullom and Farwell. Tin-; treasury department is investigating alleged frauds by United Stated consuls in Canada by which tho government m said to have been rubbc-.l of" §1,000,000 during the last, year. SlSNATUU Sl'OONUK trimmed overcoat pushed his wavriffht up to the desk, registered as J. -N. Powell Jones, Boston, and loudly remarked: "Best parlor bed room you have in the caravansary, and it must bo on the front too." "Yes, sir," obsequiously replied the clerk, and ho ran him into the elevator before he assigned any of tho rest of UF to a backroom, four floors up. At dinner tho Baron had his bottle of wine, and he had two waiters jumping at Ins command. When through he strolled into tho office with a gold toothpick in his mouth, sat down in a prominent place, and, stretching' out his legs, ho remarked in a loud voice: If I had timo I'd like to give tho mayor ot' this town a few hints on how to run it. Here, you! if tho governor calls for me say that I am out. 1 do not want to be bothered with him." "Who is he?" I asked of one of the group. "A drummer from Bosten," ho replied, "Why. I thought him some great man. "Well, you wore right, they don't grow airy bifrger in this country. Tho baron snapped bis fingers for a boy, sent for a newspaper and a cigar, nnd was asking if any of us ever saw a thousand dollar bill, when a Jew drummer for a tobacco house entered with an open telegram in his hand and handed it to tho owner of tho earth. 11 read: "Firm of Blank and Blank. Boston, gcme under fnr S'200,000." That was tho firm the baron traveled for. He read the disp.itch twice over, gasped three or four times, and then foil on tho floor. The news became public properly in live minutes, and tho clerk of the hotel looked coldly upon tho unconscious man, ainHlieii said to tho colored porter: '•Take him up the freight elevator io a cheap back room, Sam, and don't waste any more • water than you can help in brnuring him to. As soon as Lo can walk get him out/'_--Ne\v York Sun. TIIK During his administration the department has grown until it now fills with its large collection of apparatus the top floor of Hamilton hall. Professor Rood was one of the first to apply photography to the micrscope and to take pictures with that instrument. Subsequently he studied the nature of tho electric spark, and in measuring the duration of_ flashes, he was obliged to make more minute determinations of time than had previously been measured. After William (Jrookcrs' magnificent researches on radiant matter, Professor Rood repeated his work, and in that connection in 18SO he devised a mercurial air pump giviii" an expansion of 1-388 millionth of atmosphere, a degree that has not been attained by other pumps up to tho present time. Ho has like wise shown considerable ingenuity in introducing new methods of photomatry, and he has studied very extensively such phenomena- as depend on the physiology of vision. Prof. Rood was the first to make quantitative experiments on color contrast. In 1881 .he published in the International Scientific 1 Serins his ivork on "Modern Chromatics," which contains the results of numerous original .nvesligations and gives the fundamental acts connected with our perception of color. Professor Rood paints in water colors, ind frequently exhibits at the annual col- ectioiis of the American W«tor Color so- ioty, of which he has been a member ince 1806. HP has long been a member f the American association for the advancement of science; and in 18C7 was one f its vice-presidents. As an authority ou s!ifa, and also the power requifecl tot'Vtfr pefunar planes through the air placed u| different angles, as well as to ascertain friction and all other phenomena connected with she subject. I have been expert; menting with motors and have succeeded itt making them 8 o that they will develop one horse power for every s'x pounds. Mjr experiments show that as much as 183 pounds uiay be sustained in the air by the expenditure of one horsS power. Of course it is premature now to express any opinion; still,_if I am not very much mistaken, and if some new phenonietibii which I do not understand does not pre* vent it, I think I stand a fair chance of solving the problem, and I think 1 can as* sert that when in a very few years some one —if hot mysel_f, somebody else—will make a machine which can be_ guided through the air, will travel with . considerable velocity, and will be sufficiently tinder control to be used for military purposes. [ have found in my experiments that it is necessary to have a speed of at least 30 miles an hour—that 50 miles is still more favorable, and that 100 miles would seem to be attainable. Everything seems to be in fcvor of high speed. Whether 1 succeed or not, the results of my experiments will be published, and as I am the only man who tried the experiments in a thorough manner with delicate and accurate apparatus, the data which I shall be able to furnish will be of much greater value to experimenters hereafter than all that has ever been published before. In order to conduct these experiments I rented a large park—in fact an old n.anor —and erected a wooden shed of large dimensons. I provided myself with every requisite and employment two eminent American mohanices to assist me—H. A. House and his son of Bridgeport, Conn. These gentlemen have already been working with me more than a year and both " seem confident of success. I appreciate fully the presumption on my own part of tho attempt to solve this all mankind Nevertheless, in natuie ma- ncy. The success was so complete that he se- Aro on Monday senled a resolution for sain grocers of MiKvnnl;,. . ,,„,„„- ing against tho passage of the Conger lard wholu- protest- C'AUJ.i!; .Kl.ASiliCS. TIIK tombs of six popes were discovered in a church in Rome. TIIK bundcsrath refuses fo allow tho Jesuits to return to (.iormany. Two consumptive patients at St. I'elers- mirg have died after receiving a third injection ul Koch H lymph. I'll. JlKi.Nisicu KCIUKMAN ol : Hcrlin the tamouti nreliielogist, isilend. Pm.icv iv Anni.1,, bullion urokers in London, authorise an emphatic denial of their suspension. A I'l-iii.K 1 meeting at 1'Minburgh, at winch many clergvmon wow present passed resolutions favoring tho railroad strikers. Tin-; Italian government, will probably ivinovethe present res-frictions on Iho important. American hog products. FLOODS in Italy, following upon there- cent heavy snows, have done much dninn-o IValtic about, the district of been almost completely sn.s- HOVS AVKUK TOO SMAJIT. They Undoi-took lii l,lak n Trump and 111 lor Ititpiiii's. J)ol roll l-'rco Press. A gray-headed farmer and his son, a young man of 20, were looking for a dentist yo.4enlii.y, nnd the officer to whom they applied for information inquired"Has your boy toothache': 1 " '•VVu.-s'n that," replied the father. Jim, take tho hankerchief off your month. Jim did so, and there was a hole there which had once been tilled with six or tight teeth. ''Kicked by a horsey" "Oh, no." "Have a fall?" "No. 1 suppose 1 might as ,vell tell yon though Jim feels a little snouky about it He was with three other boys yestord-.iy and they halted a tramp in (ho rO nd im< tried to make him sing and dance " ' And lie wouldn't V" "Hit didn't anvhow." "Did Jim get'it all?" "La, no! Jim got off light. Ho «•.-•« I physios he stands deservedly high, and in 1865 he was chosen a member of tho National Academy of Sciences. Likewise the son of a clergymen is Henry Augustus Rowland, who was born in November, 1848, at Honetdale, Pa., where Us.father was tho Presbyterian minister. Ihe young man was educated at the Rens- seiner Polytechnic Institute, where he was giaduatiul as a civil engineer in 1860. Subsequently he spent some time in surveying on a railroad and also tau«ht at Webster university, in ohio, but in 1872 returned to Troy as instructor in physics at tha institute, and in 1874 was nd'ranced to assistant professorship. He then spent a year abroad visiting various laboratories, and spent most of his time at the nnivors- rtv of Berlin, under the great Helmholtz. _ Vvlion the Johns Hopkins university came into active operation in 1876, Professor Rowland was called to the head of the department of physics there, which place he still holds. He has charge of the physical 'aborntpry, where considerable original re- ured an order from the United States government for the plates which were used by the expeditions that were sent out from this country to observe the two transits of Venus. For up ward of sixteen years he has closely studied this subject, and his knowledge of it has made him the universally acknowledged authority in all that pertains to mecrometrical work, i Professor Rogers has also made a specialty of the construction of comparators for the determination of differences in lengths, thus establishing useful working standards of measurements for practical mechanical work. This research resulted in the Rogers-Bond universal comparator built by the Pratt & Whitney company, of Hartford, who were thus enabled to establish their system of standard gauges. In 1880, he was sent abroad at the expense of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences to obtain authorized copies of the English and French standards of length. These were used as the basis of comparison for the bars that he constructed, and which now serve as standards of of length for Harvard, Yale, Columbea Princeton, the United States signnl service bureau, the Lick observatory and other institutions. Besides other investigations of practical value Professor Rogers deserves credit for his micrometer rulings, made both ou glass and metal, which are especially appreciated by microscopsists for the accuracy as regards division and also the character and beauty of the lines. problem, considering u m have failed up to this time. it is n fact that we do see chines which do fly, Jsoine birds weighing nearly 50 pounds each; even a common goose can fly without any considerate ef- _ Ihe degree of A. M. was conferred upon im by Yale in 1876, and he received that _ him of Ph. D. from Alfred in 1886. He was vice-president of tho American Association tor the Advancement of Science in 1883, presiding over the section on mathematics and astronomy, and in 188G was president of the American Society of Microscopists He was elected to the National Academy nt Snipnpn !n 1SSr* J MAHCUS BENJAMIN. fort._ It is true that no one has ever taken hold of the question in the same way and with the same appliances that I have. Most of the experiments hnye been confined to small machines weighing only a few ounces and having for a motor a twisted rubber string or a spiral spring. If-an experimenter has had the necessary intelligence and mathematical knowledge he has not had the necessary room to conduct his experiments and the results so far have been nil, but 1 feel satisfied that it such men as Mr. Westinghouae, Chailes Brush and Mr. Edison} should seriously and earnestly attempt to solve the question they would siicced in making some sort of a machine that would fly, but they would have to do as I have done—obtain a place where they would be plenty of room, provide themselves with the very best mechanics, and spend about 850 000 I would say that the two motors which I have made, and which weigh 600 pounds, cost their weight in silver, while an en- ame ot much less power, made by a Irench experimenter, cost more than three times its weight in siver 1 may not succeed. The three gentlemen whose names I have mentioned migW- also fail, but I am satisfied that when the problem is solved it will bean American that solves it If it should happen to he solved in England first, Eng and would certainly be entitled to some%ortion ° of the credit, even if tho experimenter an American. were of Science in 1885. FLYING MACHINES. his sup- search is being carried on under ..... „,.,., eryision, and whore some of his own most brilliant investigations have been conducted. While in Berlin he showed experimentally that a moving charge of statical electricity has the same magnetic effect as a current. His mine has become widely known by his large diffraction gratings, which aro ruled by a method of his own directly on joncavo mirrors. An image of tho spectrum is thus produced without Iho aid of lenses. The photograph of the solar spectrum that he has succeeded in making with the aid cf those cniliii" surpasses anything eU- of Iho kind (hat has over been done. Tir-y were exlubitod be- toMlie National Academy of Science in 1883, nnd since that time ho IMS regularly contributed to tho proi.'eeilintis, papers on the progress of his work. Thus in 1888 ho gave a "Report on tho Progie.-s in Spect- Mr. Maxlm'H Kxpoi-imonts-Ilo TliinkH the Problem Will Bo Solved. Hiram S. Maxim, member of the Aeronautical society, writes as follows to New York limes: As considerable has been saul lately through tho American press regarding my experiments ' - - - nowspapars call "Hying think it would bo well before AFRAID OF A Sl How Some Sharper*!^,.,, Surprised by a Connecticut Farmer.' One o£ the slickest jrames ever worked by confidence men is that of buying a farm One of the pair looks over the country until he finds tho man he is after and ho .then buys tho farm at the farmer own price, paying f rom 850 to 8100 to bind the bargain. Before the can be made out a confedera in what tho machines," 1 ' sail to Eu- fo railwa) Naples Inis . lo to come to town, while the doctor hud of to call on all tho others. I'lioy got hold ;i Tartar, they did, and I'm rather glad of n. 1 hey got Iho idea, that they run the whole conmry and could wollop anylhiii" that growed. Come along, Jim, and we'll see about the law first." J'liysU-iini.-i Hnvi) Found Out Tlml uroiiliimiiKiiion inul foivi-n (..Ionium in tlio sub L. J. J A M K! have be; nms Cove extensive- facilities. MADAMic EVHAUD, wife of Miclwol tlio convicted murderer of NIOLSON it SON, of Liverpool, mi exporting bed 1 from Hnssi- whoro they have secured and refrigerating :lllHll. 'ill!-, si'lllos upon Uio MMIslllvc ;>ii» covering of Iliu iiiiiKcli-s uiul |ig,in joiiiis, i-aii^iii^ foiisniiil aiul sinning] •givuaiiiig ILS ii culcinvoiiK, vlinlUy ( i ( , .No fui'i, wlm-li i' X |)i.,-i e , u ..u ha" (i!,| Mi'un^'^vkln^lir^^^i^rii^ 1 ^ Ilial Uils iinHliiiinu 0 ( coinprulieiiMVu is i,' I J i t", 1 ;"" 1 ' 1 ' 111 " "V Illl'OtlollS lliM.WSO.'li.jl iiOlu (o ("lie rdiim s' llsl ! lllllsllo<1 " lllt H-l*l>ivjf}.j-- ilic .J, i: ,-• . *•""•" urtc'u io ttrt'Cbi t, fcijrico 11 is ulJo Y^mi'™,! 1 ,^ 1 fc/mi'a/KTu u K v'L'ndW* 1 ?' Ull ," oi ' uml w«3i«rii i4SS ™",".y ttuu olUllr UifordwB. Set) that you gojf i|,e u w . s rum Photography," and also a paper ~"0i the hpectrum of Cirbon and its J-Jxisteric on the Sun." Tho brilliancy of his work IIMS brough him many honors. Tho degree of Pn. D has been eorl'crred upon him, ami in 188<j the American Academy of Arts and Scion ci's, ol which he is an associate, bestowec upon him fho Kninford medal for his re searches in light and heat. He was i member of tho Klec.tricnl Congress that met in Paris in 1881, and served on the jury of the. Electrical exhibition hold then-: that vear, and for his set vice was mado n chevalier of the Legion of Honor. Professor Rowland is a permanent member nHjio international commission for establishing electrical units, and spoke 1 on that subject last summer at tho Leeds meeting of Hi". British Association for the advancement of science, of which ho is a corresponding member Hois one of tho twelve foreign members of the Physical Society of London, and a corresponding member of the Cambridge (Kngland) Philosophical society. In 188ri ho presided over tho section of physics of the American association for Iho advancement of ecience at Minneapolis, and at that time delivered a valuable address entitled, "A Plea for Pure Science." He was elected to the National academy of sciences in 1861, rope to suy exactly what I am doing. During the last 10 years a great deal of experimenting has taken place in Eurone principally by tho French," with tho view o»- obtaining some 691-1 of a machine which could be controlled in the liir and which would bo used for military purposes. Last year a omgress was called in Paris to consider this question that the French are pleased to call "tho problem." On every occasion of my visits to Paris (;ho French officer? have said to me: "Mr. Martin, this is the problem, and you aro the man to do it. I would say that I have been studying this question about 18 years, principally in tho direction, of finding some powerful and light motor, but during tho hist two years I have been employing myself largely evenings to workingoutthe mathematical part of the problem. I hv.ve obtained all the data in German, French and En»- lisli. I havo also examined tho experimental apparatus in France, but am sorry to say that all the data and information so tar obtained are of verry little value A single, letter written by Prof. Richard A. Proctor, and which was published in a Uoston newspaper, furnished more information than tons of the work which has been published in Europe. Some 25 rears ago a society was formed in England*etvl- « l .. U . 10 Aeronautieal society of Great Britain. The patrons of this society were Iho duke ot Argylo and the duke of buiidorlinul and the society also nn'iibers among the • embers many other noblemen and engineers of Irish repute. J believe there are. different volumes in " ' " " which give an account of all •off .... wen drop out fibig bonus, or sight and learns so.nething new the farmer I .TOE i stopping over night, says a writer mid man came with his tempt A He waited at tho barn, and came in and said to aunt Sally SfPlllQ ll \rn «i ,.1, --- _ . i J * . like u, chance to thousand dollars. The mnli the sec- offer. Jerry a clean "Did we ever have a thous-ind allot once?" she naked l "° us ' Tml "Nnvnr " dollar mate No. ontaud M( ;;D> think we'd do it if wo'had "Wall, [ was thinkin' of and a broadcloth suit." the anew watch hours." Cillfl! less II Msa .^e would, Aunt Sally I' sell out to tho fnst man" ? *' " and added he was infle^ The"^ chaser never showed np - - <Ust tins day the old couple so pur- and to are holding the ready for the _existenco their proced- I . ~~. .... * »n.. it tji t'UUll" uros and experiments, but during all the-o 8 VW ' 1Utl ° rrtot done 8 VW ' y 1Utl ° prrtoticil1 work llils '-"-'en J would say first among (ho h;r-o numbers ot societies to which 1 belonifin JOn- un, the Aeronautical society is „„<,, ;i ml need 1 say that 1 am the most active mem- mem- \jn-f At the present moment expwimenls u-obemgcoiKnctedby me at BahUvin's ] a k, l.,e.\ly Kent, Knghmd, <vith a view of hiuling out exactly wh u t tho supporting )ower or u piano is when diiven throuLfi ' A boy a fi job AJ „, runmrg the yon. "Von, sir." j; Y"« understand how sto.im worl«, "I do." don "Of coin-so thilt *«*«» make, steam, raw it down or this purprse I constructed a •ory elabonito apparatus, provided with a number of instruments, A ml uugcit in such a manner that 1 ar- as r- - , . --"...^* LucLt i utui as- ertam accurately the efficiency of a screw s i \ . ^^'' ^"® uinounfc of uower eq-ured to drive a screw, the amount, of iush developed hy a screw, the amount ol Supposi water "wh steam mi tin you haven't foun * th « the ll L' *,..>.i!»iJ

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