The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on December 31, 1890 · Page 4
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 4

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, December 31, 1890
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&. «e r >*-• • ';-/>' <*, s^" • •; ' I; ' i - . •••'•'t^^^fr; ( Sf : -/,•'v-^/.^-^y 1 *^ ^ -^ •• t • '• ;{-^| "•^ ^^'^JttPj^jALGOM4 IQW^ W1BKHSPAY, BIO, " ^ CfppeDs Moines, ' at* & A flAPl?* NE1V KrfiAR, happiness is removed frbffl etifcrnai Influences is a matter of com- teonobservation, and in wishing every- fthe -conventional "Sappy ftew ' thefe Is a manifest lack of phll^ discernment in referring to .prospects which 1801 af« Those who get the most may be the'farthest from happiness, and many »ttliy extract from adversity a peace of inind the crowned heads envy. Happi* «ess has existed in ail ages, under all -Civilizations, with all classes, and always in open disregard of material sur- roundingg. The humble parascMte 1»ho embalhied "Barneses may have been ihappier.than the great Egyptian monarch, or any monarch since. Epictotus, ihe 1 great philosopher, was a slave. 44 Look at me who am without a city," ae said, "without a house, without pos- 'sessions, without a store; I have tio wife, no dhildron, no pretorlum, bttt'Oh- ly tho oarth'and heavens, and one poor doak. And what do I want? Am I Hot without sorrow? Am I not free? Whenidid any of you see mo failing in the object'of my desire, or ever frilling Into that which I would avoid? .Did I ever blamb G6d or man? Didllover accuse any man? Did any of you see XDO with ;a sorrowful countenance?" And again ho said: "If a man is unhappy, this.must bo his own fault; for Cod made all men to be happy." '•>; "Cere sits-behind tho rider," said <, -'Horace. , ;Tho swiftest horse cannot ,'" outrun it, and '.wealth cannot shut it out. ''Contentment, 'Epicurus claimed, '^consists not in. great wealth but in few wants. "'To'.watch tho corn grow, or the blossoms, set; to draw hard breath over tho plough: share* or spado; to read, ' to think, to love, to pray;" these, says Buskin, ".are tho things that 'make men happy." Souvostre in the Attic Philosopher pictures tho ecstasy of two old maids who had gone from Paris into the country for tho first time, 'and bo- held a tree. Happiness consists in preserving our ability to enjoy simple things. '.' I have fallen 1 in to the hands of thieves, ".says Jeremy Taylor, "What 1 -then? They have loft mo the sun and Jnoon, fire and water, a loving wife and many friends'to pity me, and some to relieve,me, and I can still .discourse; and unless I list they have not taken away my merry countenance and my cheerful spirit and a good conscience. And he that hath so many causes of joy, and so groat, is very much in love with. __ soraow and peevishness who loses all •these pleasures and choses to isit down ion his little handfull of thorns/" The new.year which begins tomorrow Jnay be a happy new year to .all. But < it will not be a happy, new year -because It brings good crops. " A political victory, a rise pf rents, tho recovery of your sick or the return of your absent friends, or some other quite external event raises your spirits," says Emerson, "and.you think good days are pro- .paring for you. Do not believe it. It ; can never bo so. Nothing can bring .you peace but .yourself." How many.of us look forward to the new year, expecting that, some change in the tariff, some now currency legislation, some political success will bring us the boon we desire? I-Iow many tie the onjoy- snent of life to tho strings of vanity, of ambition, of desire for wealth, or land, or houses? How many who have gained all and more than they first thought . possible now point to tho period of theis- \early struggles as the happiest part of y whoir lives. Experience and obseiva- } |' jpion confirm tho philosophers. May currencyiappiness and prosperity eomo hand in basis, areand with the npw : year, ' But with or ofth^ufikwWth4pfoudfMk of having adefflweratic governor Who was onoea republican, and a majority o! defnottfatie congressine'h." It is a <taf ions circumstance that those who tcre talking the loudest about their republicanism are cock-sure that the party is founded on .policies which the voters unfortunately do hot seem to appreciate. Party fealty with them is tiadying devotion to what the people don't Want. The flow year is a good time toe reconsideration. How would it be in the round»up of "swear-offs" to bury the old chestnut of party dogmatism which in its numerous forms is aU ways resolved to a single formula of " I know what republicanism is. All who agree'with mo are republicans. Alt who differ with me are knaves, fools, and hypocrites?" How would it be to celebrate 1891 by letting every editor exercise his own judgment, and by liberalizing party sentiment enough to try and include at least half the republican ticket? tho voters for IMMIGRATION. Henry Cabot Lodge has recently collected some statistics which are of interest. They show tho numbers and nationalities of the foreign immigrants to the United States. During the past sixteen years—from 1874 to 1889—there have boon 0,418,683 immigrants, not counting those from Canada and Mexico. One-tenth of tho present population is thus accounted for. The average annual immigration has been 401,104, the highest number for one year being 730,849 in 1882. Taking the reports made under Secretary Bayard, they show that in the flrst fourteen of these sixteen years 48 per cent, of tho immigrants had no trade or profession, while only 11 per cent, wero "skilled." As " miscellaneous" 38 per cent, more are catalogued, Mr. Lodge divides the statistics into two periods for tho purpose of showing tho increase or decrease in tho immigration from various countries. The flrst period is 1874-1881. During that time Italy sent a yearly average of 7,898, Russia .5,430, and Hungary 2,273. The second period is 1882-1889, and in those years Italy has sent 80,474, Russia 21,607, and Hungary 13,101. The immigration from every other country except France has increased in the second period, but in what proportion is shown by the percentages figured out by Mr. Lodge. While immigration from England and Ireland increased 07 per cent,, from Norway 69 per cent., Germany 76 per cent., from Sweden 107 per cent., and from Denmark 114 per cent., it has increased from Italy 280 per cent., from Russia 297 per cent., and from Hungary 470 per cent. Mr. Lodge quotes the ibut in effect it is much truer than what •Gov. Boies said. All in all Iowa is and has been prosperous, and no stats In the •nnlotl enters 1891 with better prospects, brighter hopes, a more intelligent, well fed, aad well clothed people. The following from S. M. Clark is a refreshing protest against one phase of modern baby legislation: " Anyone who has read the writings of Thomas Jefferson either .much or little knows how almost morbidly in a fright he always was lest this or that was endangering liberty >and the fights of the people. Eternal vigilance is the price 6f liberty, he said, and he made it his life work to make the people vigilant and easily alarmed about usurpations of power. There is one thing that the American press and people should bring to a very sfhort end, and that ia the assumption and practice of the postofflce department of the "United States that any of its officials without a decision of the courts in each case can throw book or papers out of the mails. In El Paso, Texas, the other day, the Tribune, a local paper, said that those wishing to send money to Mr. Dauphin of the Louis iana state lottery could do so through tho express companies. Tho postmaster threw that edltiah of tho Tribune out of themalls. Tho next day the Tribune protested against tho act. Thereupon the postmaster threw that edition out of tho mails for criticising him. This might as well be Russia if that sort of thing can be done." withbtft commission. Ail that Senator bdrs. Browning's sentence and fine Was Wilfi6n said maj not fee lite'fally true, Emitted ontfe befofe for the" safte oSence pending good behavior, by Justice JSyatt, and it is thought that if he should again release him, instead of returning hoine he Would again repeat the same offence. The Cedar fitapids band that was to give the dance Christmas eve failed here and all albng the line. The Hancock Signal saya; The "Whip Coach Band" .that was advertised to give a dance at Finch's hall last Thursday fvening failed to put in an appearance for some reason unbeknown to anyone here, but as quite a number had congregated to take part in the pastime, home tousle was procured for the occasion. Hutnboldt is further ahead With her water works than we are. The report last week Was s Tho engine is completed and it Was fired up last week and the tank partly filled. So far everything goes well. The engine and pumps work well, and it looks as if, when a few finishing touches were put on, that Mr. Turner and the city would both be fit subjects for congratulation. It is expected that a thorough trial of the Whole work can be made this week. The Vindicator says: The Boswell cattle thief case is again attracting considerable attention, and Emmet county is in for it. Boswell was captured in Council Bluffs and taken to Greene county where Sheriff Whelan took him in charge and he is now In the Emmet county jail. The men from whom the cattle were stolen are playing a very rotten game and now refuse to pay any of the reward offered. As the crime was committed here, Emmet county will have to bear tho expense of his trial, and the injured parties will simply look on and see the fun. f Gov. Boles' Speech. '^"'x Gov. Boies, in opening his address before the New York Reform club, said: A brief statement of the situation in my own state will as well present the condition in the district referred to as can be done in the time at my command. According to the most reliable statistics attainable at this time, nearly 50 per cent, of the male population over 10 A recent ballot has been taken among over 100,000 farmers of the country on presidential candidates. Blame leads among republicans and Cleveland among demo-* crats. Blaino's vote Is not so marked as Cleveland's, but he has over 8,000 votes more than President Harrison, who comes second. This ballot shows conclusively that the farmers are in politics simply to secure officials who stand for something. It has its significance in Iowa affairs. It is not half so important next year that the republicans nominate a professional farmer as It is that they nominate a man who 'has convictions on public questions, and capacity to represent western interests. Gen. Francis A. Walker, in an address Friday, commented upon the changing sentiment toward silver coinage among many leading advocates of an exclusive gold standard, and stated that all were beginning to perceive that "If of .-an irredeemable and fluctuating currency, that alcohol of commerce, it may be truly said, 1 It biteth like a serpent and stingefih like an adder, 1 with equal truth may it be added that strangulation and suffocation are words not too strong to express the agony of the industrial body when embraced in flie fast tightening folds of a contracting money supply." Gen. Walker is a recognized leader among American economists. opinions of our consuls in Italy, Russia and Hungary as to the character of emigration, and also the report of the committee appointed by Speaker Carlisle to investigate in this country, all of which refer in strong terms to the danger attending the free admission of many classes of foreigners. Mr. Lodge advocates the admission only of those foreigners bringing a consular recommendation, and also a medical certificate of freedom from contagious disease. A. B. Cummins of Des Moines was orator at the New England meeting in New a week ago, and spoke for the Iowa granger. In his smooth and pleasant style he half defended and half apologized for our railroad legislation, half asserted our grievances and half begged forgiveness for our misdeeds. Mr. Cummins is a fine orator after his style, and on the theory that a poultice was needed, skillfully applied it. Now that Iowa has successfully grappled with the corporation question, there is probably little occasion for talking otherwise than pleasantly down east. fiirinBrs"lthout prosperity, may it truly be .11 * y\ I TUT _.-'" Ocaln, Mdppy now year, financial > ••••• andtb'-' T1IE ANNU IV eri pei; v BO} ; . i *?~ lar;: urf Bav, vei The time of year having arrived for advice to others on what bad habits to quit, a number of Iowa editors have organized for tho purpose of establishing 1 -.What is and what is not republicanism, land having settled that republicanism 4)1 course is what they themselves be- IJeye, of having all other editors swear off advocating anything not properly scheduled. Among others,!. Fred. Myers finds time not taken by his official duties at Washington to toll several Iowa papers what ho thinks republicanism is, and that they had better conclude to adopt no other standard. Among 1 the number thus generously advised was the Nonpareil, but instead of accepting J. JJYed.'s free and gratuitous services Editor Snyuer replies rather tartly and advises J. Fred, himself to observe tho JJew Year by swearing off talking about what, owing to distance, ho knows wothing about "The Nonpareil," he Adds, "confesses to an exceeding ivofiri- j»ess at times, superinduced by tho pertinacious activity of a class of individuals whose principal business seems to bo that of a koep-olHhe-grass sign post, •and whose especial predilection is to (PfPtious and canting criticism of those • srhose course does not meet with the Incot /approval of these immaculate and inful- grade> jjhle'leaders.' A like narrow and in- revem &>l}erant dogmatism has driven into the pens* • funks of the opposition' or of inaction mark, thousands of splendid citizens, and with t Jhveatene the entire overthrow of the at the nartv. It bus reduced Iowa from the Gov. BOIES' speech before the New York Reform club was not very happy in its opening, a paragraph of which is given elsewhere. The figures he quotes are no doubt just as he received them, but their inference'is misleading, as he surely must have known. To assert that the production of corn is not and has not boe'n for twenty-five years profitable in Iowa, is clearly misleading. It does Iowa no good to create any such impression in the east, and tariff reform will never be helped any by the " Calamity Jano" style of argument. It Joe Donaghue of Minneapolis has boaten tho world's record on skates. He made a mile and a half in four minutes .and forty-six seconds. nmi othc thro mop first get • do selve unde turef alier will cup me snf one men bef thf|', the 1 -;* the \'. is not.u poverty stricken lot of farmers who demand equal rights under the law, neither are they actuated by a do- siro to secure cheaper goods at the ex- penso of any substantial interest of the country elsewhere, They demand tariff reform as they do all other reforms, simply to equalize privileges, and to prevent public benefits becoming unjust and injurious discriminations in favor of one class as against another. In many respects Goy. Boies made an excellent speech, but Iowa will hardly feel complimented that he should have felt it necessary, in order to point a moral, to give such a dismal picture of her prosperous condition. The world's fair has been officially proclaimed by President Harrison. It will open May.l, 1898, in Chicago, and close In October. IN THIS NEIGHBOBHOOD. Mr. Metzgar is building a big addition to his store in Esthorvillo. Clarion Monitor; John M. Wood, and wife spent Christmas at Algona with Mrs. W.'s brother. It is reported that E. C. Hughes of Spencer got $8,000 attorney fees in the big O'Brien county land case. Attorney Gen- oral Miller allowed it. The winter meeting of the Upper Des Moinos Editorial Association will be held at Eminotsburg Jan. 22 and 28, 1891. Subjects of vast importance to the craft will be submitted for consideration at the meeting. Corwith Crescent: Comrade George Daniels, who attended the camp fire at Algona last week, says the " old boys', had a grand good time. The G. A. R, boys at Algona never do anything by halves, and then- guests always get more than the bill of- fare. years of age in lowa.ure engaged in agricultural pursuits, while less than 3 per cent, are employed in manufacturing enterprises of all kinds, protected and unprotected. Years ago that state had attained the first rank in the union as acorn producing state, and this has carried her to the head of the column of states as a' producer of the best quality of beef, pork, and dairy products; in other respects she is not behind the most favored of her sisters in nearly everything that pertains to agricultural pursuits in that latitude. Statistics show that the average wages of able-bodied men upon the farms of Iowa are $18.50 per month, or about 70 cents a day and board, the lowest price paid any class of like laborers in the state; and yet out of 900 farmers reporting to our commissioner of labor statistics during the present year more than 800 claim that this 'help a.t these wages has been employed at a loss instead of a profit during each of the five years last past. Out of ^he same number an equal portion assert that the actual cost of producing this cereal, the most profitable of all that are raised within that state, has, during the same period, exceeded the entire value of the crop when harvested, saying nothing whatever of income from capital invested in the land required to produce it. It is estimated by those making these reports that the cost of producing an acre of corn ready for market is 58; that the average crop for five years has been 33i bushels, and statistics show that the average price of this corn in the local markets, soon after "harvest, during such period has been 22 cents a bushel, making the entire value of the crop when marketed $7.33, or 67 cents less than the actual cost of production at market rates of labor. What is true of the production of corn in Iowa is equally true of all tne great staples raised on her farms. When we consider the immense capital invested in the farms of a single state fOSfE^MtJSSEB Report of ibe jfroceedings—Another Star? bf the Cfinie "Which erased the Death of Emmet Reed. A Bedford Special to the Sioux City Journal reports the Foster mtirder trial in full: "The taking of testimony in the case of The State vs. M. B. Foster, for tho murder of Emmet Heed, was concluded on Friday last, and the time from then until Monday evening was occupied in the argument of counsel and the court in delivering instructions to the jury. The jury retired to the room at 8 o'clock and was out just six and one-half hours, v?hen they agreed upon a verdict and ^er.e released) M, B, Foster was found?miilty as charged in the indictment atid was sentenced to imprisonment in the penitentiary for life. The Crime of-which the defendant is found guilty was committed at Blockton in September 1881?, Emmet Reed was employed on the Chicago, St. Paul & Kansas City railway, as was also Mr, Foster. Mr. Reed had in his possession several hundred dollars, and Was about to retire to his home in Kossuth ?ounty. He had camped on the night of the 2d of September near what was known as the Skum bridge, and there was a companion with him who was supposed to be Mr, Foster. Tho two were seen by several persons as they went in the camp at night. The next day Foster was seen to drive away early in the morning with all the .camp outfit and teams. He went .to Kansas City and was there captured. A few days after he had left the scene of the camp with the teams, some boys were watering some stock near by it when they saw the trunk above the surface of the water. It was brought to shore" and opened, and, among other things, contained a letter directed to Emmet Reed from a lady in northern Iowa. She was telegraphed to and responded. The people of the neighborhood were alarmed, and suspecting that all was not right, searched the river in the vicinity of where the trunk was found and soon brought to shore the body of the murdered man. There was a small linked log chain around his neck and body, and the top of his head was crushed in by some heavy instrument. There was very great excitement and talk of lynching for some time, but when the court found Foster guiltv and the sentence of death was pronounced, the excitement died out and all seemed satisfied. The supreme court sent the case back for a new trial, and the verdict of Monday night is the final result. LIPE Iff TTJBKEY. An Interesting Account of the Land of Mahomet — Miss Wright's Addresses in Algona. No more appropriate address for new year contemplation could have been given than Miss Mary P. Wright's dis- „„„ mad6 by their dty, e|pe6ia% sidering that the matter had tidt thought of till three or four days h the Oskaloosa meeting 1 . We. hope association may meet there in the future, as these gatherings exert powerful influence in building up a a! position among the farmers to itnfe™' their stock* and are highly profitable to the newer sections." firm WHILE Gov. Boies was in New York telling his story of Iowa farming, Senator Wilson was telling the the senate what he thought of the situation. How far supposed political exigency controls judgment is shown by their varying reports. Senator Wilson was answering a statement as to Iowa's mortgage debt, and said that it was being greatly reduced, that it is now but $71,000,000, and that Iowa wanted the truth known as an inducement to immigration. He said further that no people were more more prosperous and contented, and many lived on incomes derived from competencies acquired in agricultural pursuits. Ho said no state had a lower rate of taxation or more counties free from debt. He denied that 15 per cent, of the loans were made in Iowa, and said any statements of distress or depression were positively unfounded, He closed by asserting that there is no state debt, and that farmers can get all Al. Adams writes in the 'Independent of 'Squire Hanna: 'Squire Hanna always had a warm fireside and a cosy seat by it for all. The writer remembers his kindness way back in the UO's, when he was a wood chopper in the cedar timber between Waterloo and Cedar Falls, The Clark Bros, of L.'wi-more during the past threshing season, with their steam thresher, have threshed as follows: Oats, 41,000 bushels; wheat, 31,000 bashels*, barley, 3,500 bushels; flax, 1,000 bushels; timothy, 50 bushels. In all, 60,550 bushels, at an average of §3.35>^ per 100 bushels, A Livermoro item in the Independent is: John Deviue is now the owner at a steam corn shelter and hay press, with which he has .shelled 1,348 bushels in throe hours, and one day last week he pressed 33 tons of hay in eight and one-half hours, which would bo an average of a 100-pound bale in one minute and six soeonds of time, and in shelling it gets away with about seven bushels a minute. and are told that for five whole year's it has not paid enough to compensate the labor employed, it is apparent that no other business in this country' could have withstood such a condition of adversity during so prolonged a period; and it is equally certain that had it been practicable for tho farmers of the country to withdraw their capital from this lino of industry their, numbers would have been greatly reduced, even m the best of the agricultural states. But this was impracticable, and from the very necessity of their situation they have continued a business burdened with loss instead of yielding a profit (if the market value of their labor is considered), out of which this nation has gathered three-fourths of all its exports, and by reason of which it has been able to preserve a balance of trade m.its fayor that has constantly added to the aggregate of our national wealth. IMPORTANT LEGAL MATTEES, cription of her eight years in Turkey at the Congregational church Sunday. The most unfortunate citizen of Iowa could find something to .make a happy new year of, after contemplating what a semi-civilized people call living in a naturally prosperous part of the world Miss Wright took her audience over the journey she had taken to a spot about 70 miles south of the Black Sea. Three days were required to go the 70 miles, and i,he riding was on wagons without springs. Spring wagons are only known in the cities. The hotels are large sheds where the cattle and horses are stalled. In one corner is a board floor with mats, and on these the traveller sleeps. The hotel meal consists of bread made of coarse flour water, and salt, baked on hot stones; a rice pudding; and butter. The butter is made of goat's milk, which is put in a bag of goat skins with the hair inside and churned by rolling around on the floor. Greased paper is used for glass and other living accommodations match a he country is infested with bands of .robbers, and the farmers all live in villages for protection and go out in companies of five or more to do their work. Miss Wright was herself robbed, and gave a graphic description of the manner of it. The social condition of the people is AOlydesdnle v^ev? of the Draft Breeding IMoJcL A writer in the Breeders' Gazette had this to say about the Clydesdale horses: Among the breeders of European draft horses Clydesdale men alohe seem to. .have a definitely fixed standard to which all are Working. This assertion is broad and sweeping enough, surely, but it is susceptible of easy demonstration. Indeed, those Who are posted in draft-horse breeding circles need no proof of the .correctness of this claim, for the fact is of general recognition. With a strong disclaimer of any Intention to add fuel to the flame of rivalry between the several breeds now contending for the favor of the American farmer, I wish to set forth the reason why the Clydesdale men have reason to congratulate themselves on tho present condition of their business of breeding draft-horses. First, a moment's attention to the proposition with which the article is opened. The Frenchman will certainly be the last one to dispute it. for a'look over tho field discloses it full of warring factions in which Perche- rons, French Draft, Boulannais, and whatnot of tho draft breeds of France contend for supremacy. The original Percheroa horse was undoubtedly a lighter animal than those that are now imported from the Perche. Whence came that increase in size so marked in many instances it is not the purpose of this article to discuss. Tho claim, that much of it is due to judicious crosses of the blood of the big, coarse Boulannais is of course advanced by those who seek a quarrel with the Percheron, but the impartial observer would be constrained to admit that this increase in size could easily enough have been brought about by selection within the breed. However that may be. the point I make is that there are large Percherons and small Percherons and medium-sized Percherons. There are Percherons with steep rumps and very crooked hind legs, and there are those boyond criticism in this respect, but the great diversity of type is tho most prominent and significant feature of the Percheron breeding business on both , sides of the ocean. There seems to be no fixed standard to which men are working with this breed,'.except that of color. There is indeed a uiilsoa$f aim in this respect, but the craze for blacks is producing confusion worse confounded in the type of the breed. A black stallion is used, be he big or little, crooked-hocked or straight, coarse or fine, and the result is nothing more nor less than a hodge podge. Then again Percheron men • pay little or no attention to pasterns. Good feet the French horse has as a rule, but the angle of his pastern—especially the hind pastern—is not infrequently wanting entirely. In other words he is often as post- legged as many of the Shires that- are brought to this country. Evidenlty it is not to the Percheron men that we must look to find a fixed standard, a definite type in their breeding operations.. As to the French Draft it would be expecting entirely too much to ask them to show anything like a common type, if the statement of our Percheron friends be true. The Milwaukee Railroad Involved In Two Interesting Contests. Geo. E. Clarke and Mr. Gary, general attorneys for the Milwaukee road, have been at Sheldon this week presenting the railroad side of the contest over giving room at Hartley to the farmers' alliance coal sheds. The hearing was before Judge Ladd yesterday, and Attorney General Stone represented the railway commissioners. The board ordered the company to furnish room and the company refused. The case will test the authority of the commissioners and is being watched with interest. Another important matter has been brought into controversy by the com*"""• by a claim it now makes to the even worse than their material^ surroundings. Marriage is made up by the parents, and the new wives come to the home-of the husband's father where they become slaves, A bandage is put over their mouths at marriage which is not removed until they bear a son, and they dp not speak above a whisper. Their face is covered with a veil The drudgery is all done by them, and the husband's mother is ruler of the house Women are not allowed to eat at the same table with men, or to remain on the sidewalk when men pass. Miss Wright said in many instances when five or six sons had been married the entire family of men and women lived in a house of but one room. The government of Turkey is in league W ith the bands of thieves and gets part of its revenue from them. Ibis is not wholly unlike more civilized nations. The tax collecting is farmed out. The highest bidder if allowed to collect for a certain district, and what no does not take is what ho cannot find Turkey is a great country. If anyone in Kossuth can read about it and not decide to enjoy life in 1891,'he has no appreciation of the blessings that surround him. If the oldest and best established breed of France exhibits such alack of uniformity of size and conformation, what could be expected of a mixture of the several breeds or types which are said to exist in that country and are imported under the general name of "French Draft?" Evidently the breeders of France and their followers in America have not a clearly defined type in • their minds to which they are working. Some of them appear to be striving after- the production of the old-fashioned omnibus horse, some reaching out, after a general- purpose farm horse, and others setting their pegs for the production of a cart horse pure and simple. . But do wo find any greater unity of breed idea among tho breeders of the heavy horses of the fens? Not so. There are at least two widely divergent ideals set up to be worshiped—the big, heavy, coarse-lemred horse commonly termed in derision the "old fashioned" sort, and then there is the newer type, called in this country the "improved Shire," and by the adherent of the heavier sort sneered atas the " corkv-leeired horses." I have noticed in the Gazette references to the war which is on between these two factions, and a reader of the British press alone can understand how vigorously it is waged. These two types are as. far , apart as the poles, speaking in figure and there seems little possibility that their adherents will ever come to an agreement as to the type which can be bred with tho greatest profit. So far as feet and pasterns are concerned the breeders of the ?ld fashioned, sour, fen horses do not seem to allow those important points to enter into the* iSr Sas ^hWsssyrifift wUhthem^ , °™ with them is nothing; the superstructure all. It is most significant to mention in this - tha J the departure which Tha* ™ the T™^ h" ^ affc - h ° rfle breeding south of we iweed has been along the line marirnrt along the line m out by northern breeders-to feet annast terns. Better evidence of the influence "«r of than ftW,"!? Bt « ad "y-aime4-a^ T ideal sire GlydcBdale breeder could not be de- the of the banner republican state the money they desire at 6 per cent., Fort Dodge Chronicle : Jas. Browning of Algoua, who came to this city on business a couple of weeks ago and imbibed top much tanglefoot, for which ho was sentenced to thirty days in Jail, has received several letters from home stating that the family are in destitute circumstances and will be compelled to ask aid of their neigli- 10 acres of land which Justice Shiras a week ago decided did not belong to the Sioux City & Pacific road. The lands lie in O'Brien and Dickenson counties, and within the limits of the original Milwaukee grant. The road never got all the land its grant called for, ana now that these lands are held nottohave left the government the Milwaukee insists that they should come to it as its other lands flid. Mr. Clarke has filed or will file in Justice bhiras'cou.rt a petition, in which the Milwaukee intervenes in the original case, and its claims will fee pa,ase<J pn before the whole matter goes to the supremo court. THE STOCK BBEEPEBS' MEETIM, How Near Algona Came to Getting the Next Annual Meeting, The Farmers' Institute in reporting tho Oskaloosa meeting of stock breeders says: "Mr. S. S. Sessions of Algona made a gallant fight for Algona as the next place for tho stock breeder's meeting. Owing to sickness Mr, J. B Jones, who is well known in the breeding circles of the state, could not be there, and so Mr. Sessions was sent in his place to secure the meeting for next year if possible. It was the first time he attended the meetings of the association, and naturally did not have a large acquaintance among the members Notwithstanding this flct,The coml mittee consisting of nine, stood four for nlfi^V 0 ^' fo , r Waterloo, and one for Cedar Rapids for several ballots, when theCedarRapidsmanw en f to W ate" ^n'l^ 8 *? 015 !"^ favor of that excellent and enterprising town, which was well represented by Mr. jj - ' the president of the National Breeders' association. •-*"** well feel pleaded •m ut me ci-ound it Kim h^. •£ " ooul * 10 - uorse as Glencoe dem- i:K3s g t&£''i'«'4-«' «r.s£S|»jss™"-- nation nfn,,oiii... " ?, *v. «'» this a ,e breeders no othB11 «'i">= •>*• almost - .V 1 " " no other class of outlook for Clydesdales?. iiuou UUD110 SalfiH nn liX«, iji VWUWJSI. F'a^HrSf^"'*?. Swine qilito A^' K ^Jt custom prW itR m ¥' Op e n^|v 8 jJ|f^

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