The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on December 10, 1890 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, December 10, 1890
Page 2
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Ikt Djg M01N3BS, ALftDKA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, fifiCJtttttttttt aa^^^.^^^.^^.^^^^^ M_-j±3 LL~;~f.-*-' 4JH:*/** •*• < J^JE^^/JalTljPjJIjLil ALQONA, IOWA, Tflfl Express companies which refuse to t&rry lettefy for the Louisiana loiters are to be commended for thus aiding in the overthrow of a pernicious institution. ' Tfin resources brought to light by re- 6eht exploration in Africa are not likely - to be long neglected. A company with 150,000,000 capital and the duke of West' minister at the head, with Stanley as an adjunct, is said to be in process of.fornm- tion. LATEST INntinnm GfiNfiRAL NOTES. ARIZONA has 701 miles of irrigating canals that furnish water to 800,000 acres. be given a AN uhkitowH man committed suicide taking jjoiaon at Edinmirlgf, lad., Dec. T»E barrel works of B, f . Born & Co., at East St. Louis Was burned Saturday morning. Lost, 175,000. THOMAS BLACK was found asphyxiated in his room at a.hotel in Irohton, 0, He had blown out the gas. PUBLIC schools at Alton have been closed oil account of diphtheria. THE failure of the president to allude to Ihe world's fair in his message is explained by thfi fact that he has had no official information con :eming it. IN Albany, Cla., a policeman having been refused free admission to ft theatrical performance, the chief of police summoned his entire force and took them all into the opera house, rPgardless of doorkeepers, THE New York World has been bought of ttlf P f hy ; ifi - the - stot 6yfctB ' n °* f ctr .i c | by George W. Cbilds andX J. Drexef fight» now in use on some English rail^ Philadelphia for $4,000,000. Mads. A reading lamp is fitted into each Dr. PERRIN of Chicago tho Baptist carriage, and for the sum of one penny a minister who t was accused of unbelief, is traveler obtains a soft, cleaii light, which defended by his congregation. Ittsts for a quarter of an hour. JAMES L. PUOII Nov. 28th was re, . elected to the United States senate by the THE deepest mine in the world is said -Alabama legislature at Montgomery, to be at St. Andre du Poiricr, France. It "'"" n ~ L "~ -* r../,..,... « yearly produces 800,000 tons of coal and is worked with two shafts, one 2,025 feet deep, and tho other 8,083 feet. The latter shaft is now being deepened and will soon touch the 4,000-foot level. MACKEY, aged six, of Manutee. Mich., was fatally burned Tuesday. She set fire to her clothing while playing with matches. JAMES JEENBT was killed in the hew lake tubnel at Park row Chicago Monday morning. A FKEtonT train on the Spokane branch of the Union Pacific was Wrecked last night near Haystack. The engineer, fife" man and one brakeman were instantly FLYING MM POSSIBLE, The tossibiltty of the Achleteinent Proved ift Theory by Honie killed, jured. Detroit Bank, of Indiana, Pa., has closed its doors, THE Western Association roads have agreed (o advance grain rates 2 centsper 100 pounds tho advance to take effect January I. CONTRACTING muscles, caused by rheumatism, broke both iega of tho wife of Another brakeman was fatally in- — persons were severely hurt on Wedne>day at Lincoln, Neb., while going ;o the funeral of Win. B. Andrews. A carriage containing seven persons was overturned into a ditch by the team running away. 0. Gear and D. 0. Robinson were tadly injured, while F. J. Andrews, of Jacksonville, and the driver, Bert Williams, of Lincoln, sustained slight injuries. Mr, Edison's Attention Invited to Further Investigation of Its Feas* • ibiiity and Success, Conditions to be Observed by Those Who Address Themselves to This Problem. M . , , T7i , . »«i«u»oui, U1UIIU UUU1 ICIfH UI II1O WHO OI THEIIB are at present but three beet sugar Judge J. H. B_rent of" Paris, Ky. Her itiMnn J** A»^ nu ! n » !__._ i.. /"l-l'i* , u *_ .1 I llTn ilrnn f\nts+\rtl+f\rl nf houses in America—two in California and one in Nebraska at Grand Island. Tho latter is equipped with all Facilities for prosecution of beet sugar manufacture as developed in tho best sugar counlries of Europe. , steam engines of the world repre sent, proiimately, the working power of 1,000,000,000 men, or more thandouble the working ,'populalion of tho world, the total population of which is usually esti- , mated at 1,455,923,000 inhabitants Steam has accordingly enabled man to treble his working power, making it possible for him to economize his physical strength while attending to his intellectual development. IP it be true, as reported, that nickel mines of great value exist in Virginia, the opportunity for successful development is presented in tho recent decision of congress to appropriate $1,000,000 for the purchase of nickel with which to alloy naval steel. It is stated that a company has been formed to utilise tho mine, although tho persons making the assertion refuse to designate the locality. THE discovery of petroleum in France is the latest important significant. The naphtha which exudes from the rocks is said to equal in quality that of Baku or Pennsylvania. Tho boring tapped such on inexhaustible reservoir of gas as to completely prevent operations for the present. We trust our frinds of the Standard Oil Co., do not feel anxious as to the approaching disolutiou of their monopoly. WHEN general public has loaded life was despaired of. THE United States steamship Charleston roaclied San Frjncisco Thursday morning with King Katnkua, of Hawaii, as a passenger. _ 4 Dn. MAIIY WALKER, whose eccentricities in manner and_ dress have earned her a national reputation, . is dying at her homo near Oawego, N. Y. CIIAHI.BB KEIIN, tho new treasurer of Cook county. 111., filed his official bonds Saturday. Tho sum is §6,500,000, anc there are fourteen sureties. PUKMATUHE publication of the proposec formation in Chicago of a threshing-ina- chint) trust awoke small manufacturers to a sense of their position, and a rocky road is now ahead of the trust advocates. ALMEHT LESUOHN overexerted himself at a dance in a hall at Ashland and Milwaukee avenues, Chicago, and dropped dead. BROOKLYN is the first Iowa town to vote against woman suffrage in tho Methodist church. The vote there was 31 for, to 43 against. Mu. STANLEY will probably lecture during his present tour in Jefferson City, Mo., where he lectured several years ago to an audience of soven persons. L-JiuTUEHLANp, formerly an agent CRIME. P- J. KYLE, a Chicago man, is in limbo at San Diego for passing a bogus check. . AT a Thanksgiving dance at Van Wert, i •,'• Vr" lttm stewar t, a jealous husband, killed Hamilton Pruitt and wounded Oliver Ramsay. THE New Orleans grand jury indicted one ot tho jail officials for beotinp and robbing prisoners, and condemned the 83 stem in vogue at the city prison. FRED Clinton-, of Ypsilanti, Mich., committed suicide Tuesday night in the presence of his wile and family by taking poison. of _ the Keystone Watch Club Company, is suing that corporation and Constables Meyers and John G. Corey, in Judge McConnell's court, Chicago, for §10,000 for false arrest. THE semi-annual meeting of the board of trustees of Racine college was held luesday. The reports submitted showed the institution to bo in a flourishing condition. ^ FOEEIGN. ATChampaign, III., yesterday, James Oregory committed suicide by taking rat poison. He was despondent from ill- health. HENRY HENZLES, who is on trial at — -•- ;, ,,~*y A0 vl , [,HtU lll> Green Bay, Wis., Jor the murder of his wife, confesses, of having held his wife by the neck until she dropped dead JOHN AcHEsoN, of Odell's corners, was called to the door early Thursday morning and shot by an unknown assassin. Acheson was an important witness in the Pettit case. FOUR men, two on a side, met on the tiighway near Maldron, Ark., Monday, and fought with knives. One of the'men, named Gilliim, was cut seriously across Je neck and will die. Two others, Tom Hammond and his son, are badly cut. NATHAN CROCKETT, a negro, -was killed n the camps of the Georgia, Carolina & Northern railroad, in Athene, Ga,., by i In his interesting talk on flying i»a- 3hines, in a recent number of the If. Y. Herald Mr. Edison reasons thus i—Because a bee cannot carry a weight equal to it own on its back, t therefore a flying machine made on its model cannot possibly support any more than its own weight no matter how much tho power be increased, . Now it is quite reasonable to argue that if the bee can carry tho weight in any other way—with its legs—for instance, the conclusion is not correct. The ordinary working bee can carry the body of a dead drone out of the hive, holding the weight with its legs, and fly with it to a considerable distance. To perform this feat it exerts double its ordinary power, the speed of vibration of the wino-s being increased from 130 to 190 per second. J. he rate is ascertained by the musical note produced by the vibrations. It is not necessary to take either the bee or a bird for a model, and the problem is very far, indeed, from being a puzzle, the the real puzzle being how to find some one with enterprise enough to make the test. . If Mr. Edison will only turn his attention to this interesting subject for a little while his great genius will surely hasten the day of success, not necessarily by un- bOiUSftiidenffitte, weighing idgftthefonly thitteehpotifids,>nd'they exerted ft force of one nofse power. Had he built 600 horse power oa the satae design he would probably have obtained a much lower weight per horse power. ptiftrtlP. When the herd entered the *ije of the funnel that nat rowed dot A ito M etockade, it became frantic With fagS ftttd Dozens at a tm<! Stood ofr thtf eokBtNAfrioN PKOPBLLER WHEELS. ,0ne horse power is equal to 550 foot pounds per second. Five of Dr. Freninges' propeller wheels drivott by Mr. Stringfellow's tttotor at fifty-two revolutions per second, will give a total thrust or lifting powfir of thirty pounds and absorb 500 loot pounds, leaving'the remaining fifty foot pounds to overcome friction, By con* heeling the motor and the five propeller wheels on a light frame by suit ble gear' ing a Machine would be constructed that would evidently be capable of flight. This tnight have been done with Mr. Stringfellow's motor, but he Would not trust it in the machine available at the time, lest it might be broken and a suitable one was never built. •WHAT HAS BEEN DONE. Many years ago a very interesting ex- >eriment was made at the Novelty iron works, The machine employed supported itself in the air, but its action was unsteady because the power developed by the boiler was irregular owing to the employ- mehtof coal for fuel. Every time the furnace door was opened the steam pressure dropped. Had the experimenters known how to use the petroleum fuel a perfectly steady and a mucn higher pressure might have been maintained automatically and the conclusion then reached that "with th nmns available flight was impracticable' would have been Very different. Of the source of devices either built o proposed there are very few besides thos mentioned that manifest 011 the part o their designers more than a remote conception of the difficulties to be overcome or even a reasonably sensible attempt a !terror. . hind ie#, t wavLig their t and bellowing fith open mouths, becaise terrific. In the the inothera steadfastly guafded panic their young- Many a biby elephant stood bleating beneath its mother s chest, protected by her strong fore legs, her active proboscis, and her body set as a bulwark for its defense. In many cases two moth' ers united in the bare of some little on& Shoulder to shoulder they leaned over the vonnester that was. between them, and shielded it under frightful pressure 1 attd peril, with a courage and calmness, So perfect was the protection of the babies, that more than a score of these—spine weaklings no larger ihan sheep—survived the crush of entrance into the stockade, while ten full-grown elephants were therein killed. Once within the stockade the maddened herd rushed round and round the area, As they passed and repassod the stand, the official, a connoisseur of elephants, in* dicated to tho hunters, which ones were to be taken. When these happened to come upon the outside of ths swirling mass, and near tho circumferance of the enclosure, they were lassoed around the unkles as ,_..,»• 1 • 1 •.W^.WWUMIl AI J *JJ 1*14 riddling a hitherto insolvable problem, but simply by pi o. i Jingin a practical manner what has already ' in sections. been demonstrated up heavily with railroads aecurities with every reasonable prospect for safe and profitable investment a handfull of moneyed men begin to depress values and, by fair means such na extent that compelled to let go, stop in, buy up all or foul, carry it to small holders are Then the big follows the choicest securities and then aro ready for the reaction which must follow every panic, and all goes smoothly again until another crop of lambs arc ready for the shears. THE department of agriculture has is. sued a report upon the yield of ceriaes per acre throughout the Uiated States. The re- porfconcerniiig Wisconisn is as follows: "Correspondents agree that all com which was well cultivated produced nearly an average crop both as to quantity and quality but the preponderance of poorly cultivated ground lowered (ho average materially. Potatoes aro a poor crop ,._both in quantity and quality; tho yield is very uneven. Some are producing as high as 251 bushels to an aero and some as low as twenty bushels. Tho hay crop is tho best in quality for years," ' FIUENIJS of reform in Russia are endeavoring to reach tho Czar by methods , and in a spirit loss violent than of Nihil- 'BUI. The report is that a pamphlot urging constitutional changes in an iiupas- sionate tone has found its way to Alexander in spite of the bad advisers and watch- em who surround him. It does not, however, seem at all likely that the Czar will be impressed by such communication, even if he should read it. There is no good reason why he should not long ago have fully acquainted himself .vith the real condition of affairs in his empire, He is not likfllyto change his attitude at this late day .on account of what an anonymous pamphlet may say. A MINISTERIAL crisis exists in Brazil. A MINISTERIAL crisis exists at Bio do Janiero. THE Durham mines have obtained an advance in wages. POLICE thorough Holland have seized many republican placards since King William's death. THE Prince of Wales has already drawn over §10,000.000 from England's treasury, but it 1ms in no way interfered with the extent of his debts. THE Anchor line steamer Ethiopia, due at Glusglow from New York Nov. 25, has not yet reached port and it is feared she is lost. MRS. NELLIE PKARCKY, who killed Mrs. aooff of London on Oct. 24, was found guilty of murder and was sentenced to be hanged. BEVIS, Russel & Co., merchants of London and Bombay, have failed. Their liabilities amount to £230,000. IN tho house of commons Dec., 4, the Irish land purchase bill passed its second reading by a vote of 268 to 130. Mr. Purnell and his followers voted with the government. overseer named Glass. Impudence 'on the negroo s part was the cause. Glass escaped. JUGIKO, the Japanese murderer, was re- sentenced at New York Monday, tobu executed by electricity at Sing Sing prison beginin S January 19, .TiiE money set aside to pay 225 men at Ligbgow s foundry, Chicago, was stolen • « C 'J l ^ eve rn, i " g< • The am °unt of the loss is 52,480. 1 hero is no clew to the thief. J?isnop,__agod 35, committed . 1 , fL ", ' "O"« ~u, WIlillJAljlCll SUl" cide at Gibson, III., Sunday by cutting his throat. He belongs to a large and respected family. Whisky is said to be the caus ot his rash act. »T W1n , I , L S dr | nkin fir beer with Mrs. Ros i, ?o i Monda y nl 'fe' ht at her residence 1112 Stone avenue, PatBrennen, ayoun< butcher at Armour's packinghouse wa shot and lulled. IN broad daylight Tuesday afternoon Joseph r. Asier cashier of the Allerton packing company's establishment was held up in his office by two men of cranffer- liko appearance, and relieved of 83,200 in cash. It had been brought in from the bank a few minutes before to pay off the men. ELEMENTS OF THE FLYING PROBLEM. A very little study will show him:— lurst—That mechanical flight has been proved, many years ago. to be attainable. Second—That the things 'essential ti s v i? 68 ?, have a 'ready been done withou difficulty. _ Third—That all that is necessary tod is to combine things already tried an proved bv other experimenters, but on large scale and with improved appliances Forth—That the remaining difficulties so far as foreseen by the experimenters nave been overcome. Fifth—That the improvement in motiv machinery and in the employment of liquic tuel made within a very few years hav rendered the solution' of the problem a very simple matter. Sixth—That as the means at hand can he proved to be good enough for a be°ln "ing it would be folly to wait for the com ing great discoveries. success. t Most experimenters favored the combinations of screws or wings with seroplans, and thev depended on their own muscular strength for motive power. The nore modern of thesj should have known hat the feat-was "tterly impossible, but with the same invariable enthusiasm and ack of ordinary knowledge they persisted anu failed, some of them even loseing their Jives. can neverattain flight by his unaid- rl oft«n*\^nfl-t TT'rt*. n«..L1.' i .1 *• ed strength. For anything beyond a few minutes' work ho can exert but one-fifth of one horse power. Supposing the experimenter s weight be 160 pounds, and that they raised their feet in walking and the cables which formed the nooses were made fast to the posts of the stuckade. ^oi/eral cables Lmuncl the feet of each captive, and held him from further travel with his companions. Having secured as many of the elephants as would be required for the government for several years , the -remainder of the hard was led out upon the plain, where a few mo_re were lassoed for sport. One frenzied animal came trumpeting up the steps of the stand occupied by the of- ficars and guests; gent lumen climbed pillars; ladies mounted tables, and shrieked; consternation reigned until the hunters , scaled thestaml, mid with their sharp goads prodded the in trader off to a safe distanc'i. The dismissed elephonts gradually made heir way to tho jungles, there to feed and rrow until the kingshould appoint another mnt._ The prisoners would be tamed and used in lifting lumber, in carrying goods and travelers across the country, and in war. , The trained bnwts are manifestly arsfer; 'stronger, healthier, and wiser than -1'rencn steamer Paris, Captain Chevalier, at Havre from New Orleans, Dei ore reported with her curgo on fire was docked Monday. ONE hundred and eleven bodies of the victims of the English cruiser, Serpent, disaster have been recovered. The search is still going on. THE recent snowstorm in England is the severest since the Crimean war, sheet) are dying by thousands, it being impossible to ""•" them tood and shelter. THE New York Times notes the fact that Thomas A. Edison believes in the possibility of making a machine by which nutritious food may be produced from soil, water and air. The machine is not only a contemplation, but in pi ogress of development, ind has been brought to such, a condition as to have a name given to it, viz., the nutricator. However it may result, the possibilities of the performance cuimot be denied. No man can now safely say that anything is impossible, and, Considering the uuexpected results of scientific and mechanical discoveries and inventions, there cannot be any surety that in time the farmer's occupation may not be usurped by the. chemist, and the laborious tillage of the soil be discarded for the more easy manipulations of the laboratory.— Rural Now Yorker. THE Italian government has resolved on a conciliatory polLy toward all excapt the ckjncul element. All persons convicted of ottenses wholly political aro to be released. THE body of a young peasant girl, so horribly mutilated as to suggest the hand word of a "Jack the Ripper" has been found in a forest in the vicinity of Berne ANOTHER railway robbery is reported A trench lady, the Marquise GagoU while r.i*'i wol 11> ™ i >•• .» —.-.; I . •" traveling i n a railway Monair to Toulon, was cairiage fron attacked by . . - •*- -M ii »iu HHiflUiVcU. U thieves, who pinioned her arms and rob bed her of 6,250 francs. THE Austrian government will be asked to grant redress in the case of a Americai citizen named Charles Pitzale, a native o Ualicia, who was arrested while visitjnn- that province, on the charge of having evaded army service, and released through the mtervertion of the Americar minister. , A DISPATCH from Berlin says the minister ot agriculture proposes, as soon as the supply of lymph is sufficient, to have Uieeftectol Dr. Koch's discovery tried on cattle and swino, with a view to preventing the enormous losses caused by tuberculosis among those animals. ALONG tho shores of the Mediterranean severe irosts are reported, something' un~ known tor nearly a quarter of a century. 1 M Ul lVy ° f Bnow lluve occurr ed rivers of Germany have f>ub"ide'd, but dangerous drift ice is plentiful At Barmen eight persons have been drowned, property to the amount of 8,000 000 murks is estimated to have been destroyed at I J 89ii, Bremen and Elberfeld. y FIRES AND CASUALTIES. FRANK WASHINGTON. THE house committee on appropriations c 2 1 oV!, e , ten< L th ,? 1 . P ension appropriation bill ot <plo5 ( 099,7S5. THE international copyright bill was pnssea by the htuse Dec., 3. The vote was 119 yeas to 95 nays, TT^i* BAXTER, surgeon general of the United States army, died at Washington Ihursday morning. THE president has reappointed Joseph 1. Jacobs, ot Ann Arbor, Mich., a member of the Board of Indian commissioners. DR. JEDEDiAii H. BAXTER, Surgeon tioneral ot the army, who was str.'c'cen with paralysis last Monday; died at 2 o clock Thursday morning. THE president has directed the removal of Joseph H. Wilson, United bfptes district attorney for tde eastern district of Texas, on the ground of neglect or duty and inattention to public interests. f> SENATOR SAWYER, of Wisconsin has made known to his friends his determination I o retire from public life at the expiration of his present term in 1893. The stn.itorsays that he will then be sevenly- seven years old, anc! he feels the necessity ot resting. GKNERAL MILES left Washington for Chicago Monday morning, after a discussion of the Indian situation with the war department officials. Advices from Pine Ridge agency state that the troops are preparing to move on the rebellious Sioux who have moved into the bad lands, A protracted Indian campaign appears imminent. THE fifty-first congress reassembled at noon Monday. The galleues of the house was crowded with visitors, and the usual scenes attendant upon the opening of a session were witnessed, and after short sessions both houses and senate took a recess in order to enable the joint com- mitte to notify the president of their readiness to receive his message. On re- as83uibling the message was read. A Telegraph to the Brain From the «tom«ch te the great sympathetic nervo In the epigastrium. Let digestion become eert- ouely disordered, and that disorder is sure to flnd a jeiiection in syioptomi which react isadvau- tttfieously upon the organ ot thought. Insomnia, nervousness, causeless depression and anxiety, are all umnlfcsiaUous of dyspepsia. ThiTUBS meuus of remedying M ud restoring iraunuillty to S®"^^ ti£^&"X^ g ^^t% w¥f-beiu"htti"to»u a {''f ctluu ot wmplew boilliy WANTED—A MOTOR. Observation of nature teaches that the mam essential for successful flight is a suitable motor. This is confirmed by the experiments of the London Aeronautical society and otbers, whose conclusions may be thub stated: . Flight will be attained when a machine is built that is light enough and powerful enough to lift ihs own weight by the aid ot wings or their equivalent, and to hold it suspended agauist the force of gravity lne« have also fully demonstrated that one horse power applied to a screw propeller on a vertical axis will cause it to lift and hold suspended a weignt of thirty-six pounds, and that for every ho'rse power so applied an additional thirty-six pounds will be htted. TESTS FOR LIFTING POWER. Dr. Fomingo', of Copenhagen, made tests of the or lifting power of a propellor wheel and found, that it utilized M per cent, of the energy imparted to it. It was 1 foot in diameter, 1 foot pitch, 1-7 square foot aiea of blades and 7-20 oound weight. It was held on a pulley by pins ;hat could be detached instantly, the axis being vertical. The pulleys carrying the propellor wheel was caused to revolve rapidly and when a good speed was ob- amed and the wheel was liberated it irose in the air by means of the energy rnnnrl tv. iJ- °~ horse power to lift it, and as a man can exert but one-fifI hy horse power it follows that he can lift but one-twentieth of his device can THE high school building at Pekin, Til'., a large throe story structure; was. en- toredm it. At 13 revolutions per second it hovered , it had just lifted its own weight. At 5^ revolutions per second the upw'ard thrust was 6 pounds, and Jthe energy required to maintain this thrust was about 10U foot pounds, This is equal to about pounds lifted per horse power. O When released, the speed being 70 rev plutions per second, it arose to : height of over 200 feet in less than on second. When the wheel was preventec Jrom rising and made to revolve 52 times per second the thrust was six pounds, bu the efficiency was not so high as when i wasi free to ascend. Efficiency is mucl higher when the propellor moves itself through the air than when its power is spent in moving the air, producing nn air current of a fan or blower. Carl Vogt from whose paper on air propellers—read before the royal society—the particulars of this experiment have been taken, says that the efficiency when moving itself was 70 pur cent, and when acting- as a blower moving air, it was only 35 per cent. In the thrust was SS pounds per when moving itself the , . - - —o ~ of wing action and efficiency, only what has been demonstrated experimentally and with propeller wheels need be considered. Flight by means of wings operated by power is probably more economical and simple, but as that has not yet been demonstrated we shall not adopt it in our proposed full size machine. MATHEMATICS OF THE SUBJECT. The speed of revolution in the small two wheeled machine mentioned above, 52 per second—3,129 per minute, would be quite impracticable in a larger one, to carry— 10,000 pounds. It must be reduced to what is attainable by steam engines connected directly to the crank shafts, say about four hundred and fifty revolutions per minuS? J.O keep within reasonable limits in this sketch, only the method of determining the particulars can be given, and even then only roughly. Remembering that lifting power is proportioned to the square of the speed of revolution and to tho fourth power of the diameter at the same speed of revolution t will be found that the small two wheeled machine can lift only .748 pounds at 450 evolutions per minute, and that the two wheels of a machine to lift 10,000 pounds nust each be 13 feet 6 inches in diameter t they be made to revolve at the same peed. Only the minimum lifting power of 36 ounds per horse power, the Aeronauti- fll bociety s standard, has been taken In experiments made in September ctober and November, 1887, by Messrs Jamstroin and Lohinan, engineers, Copen agen. an air propeller applied to a boa gave 10 pounds thrust per 100 foot pound ettort, equal to 55 pounds thrust or liftinL power per horse power. On this basis two Id toot 6 inch wheels, revolving 450 times per minute, will lift 15,290 pounds and require 278 horse power. Allowing \% pounds of oil for fuel SCIATICA J so -VASELINE- One two-ouncs boltle of 1'uro Vnselluo. latter case the horse power; , » -' "«w.* "twvlllg XI'OCIJ. lUt t nrust must therefore have been greatly in creased. WEIOHTS PER HORSE POWER. If a propdV, with engine and boiler to operate it and apparatus to connect them, can be built, the whole weighing less than thirty-three pounds per horse power, it should be able to ascend in the air like Dr Eremnges'propeller wheel. Motive power machinery is seldom made so light, not because that is a difficult matter, but because it would be too costly in the cases where it might bo employed. The lightest machinery in proportion to its power of which there are examples in operation is iu torpedo boats, ana their boilers, engines, pumps, condensers and blowers all told weigh cnlv sixty-six pounds per horse power. The ref- ative weight is much less than this in some of them. But for special purposes weight per horse power has been greatly reduced. The torpedo boat's machinery mie-ht be very much lighter if water tube boilers were substituted for those of the locomotive type generally employed. This nao linnn Jj««n. i_ Li ft V F.. • -"11 '11. . has been done best, results. in the Gushing with the Mr. Stringfellow, amraber of the J*oc- 09» 4ewnimticaJ spcjety, conducted 8 _ --a —/••* jr~~»»v»-j wi »./ii LVI J.UC1 PtJi horse power per hour (it 1ms been done lor 1 pound per horse nower) 347 pounds of oil will be required per hour. Changing the pitch employed by Dr -enmg-es to 30', reducing the surface and shghtly increasing the diameter, and also al owing fully one-third for slip, the speed will be from 60 to 78 miles per hour, with aoout the same carrying capacity, MINIMUM. 8.44 hours xQO miles per h'r= 506 miles 8.44 hoursX78 miles per h'r= 658 miles PROBABLE RANGE. 23.6 houmxeg miles per h'r=l,418 miles 23.6 hoursX78 miles per h'r=l,840 miles r, ,, , 'WHAT MAY BE DONE. iull details ot the design and methods ot operation cannot be given until patents are secured. The whole machine might be made very much lighter, as no ingenuity has been exercised in saving weight, but it would be more costly. We have seen that the power and weight of both motors and propellers have been ascertained by competent persons, and the expenditures of a small sum of money to test the truth ot their assertions would put doubts forever out ot the question. A boiler and engine need not be built for this purpose as, their weight and power can be determined from drawings with sufficient accuracy. The important matter on which all the rest depend is the thrust of the propellers per horse power. This should be found for three or four different diameters with changes of speed, pitch and surface' in order to determine ratios of increase but chiefly to help the sceptical with reliable knowledge. Very evidently it is quite time that ID of brains and enterprise, catting prejudice aside, take this matter in hand and prove its practicability or the reverse Its success would create a, most powerful instm mentforthe.diffusion of civilization and the suppression of savagery. Only one case, -mite to the point, need be instanced Ihe machine described, to be operated bv two men, could reach any of the grea't akes ot Africa from a, point on the coast or some navigable river in seven or eight hours, taking 3,000 pounds weighfof cargo on the J ~— J '•-- ••.-"."*• men ice i tri P' »ad return h oftime,carry- unds weights, every allowance f or adverse winds ^ , xowa. iff l9 t 8trong £ &rd cash hose whose motives are either for

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