The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on November 5, 1890 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, November 5, 1890
Page 2
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THE OTPEB nESMOlNES. AL6ONA. IOWA. WEDN^t>AY. NOVEMBERS. 1880. \ women have been appointed^tbket agents on the Brooklyn elevated road, and Homo Of! the other cm filoyei ot the company fcfe greatly exercised at this new element of competition, especially as the women work for less wages, tf this sort of. things goes on there Will haves to lean agitation for Mian's rights before long. AMOTttBiifarmer has gone out'andhang- ed himself. Farmers often do this, probably because beams in the barn arc so con- venientfo!' tbo purpose, and a rope is always handy, and they usually select the time for doing chores-either early in the morning or about sunset. If a farmer is at all givjii to melancholy, he should not toe permitted to vinit tho barn at all en bloomy days unless accompanied by a body guard. TilK Catholic churches ot Canada are supported by a system resembling that of tithes, the farmer giving to the cure the twenty-sixth bushel of grain. But the farmers saw a way out of the difficulty; they substituted hay crops for grain crops, und so got thoir religion for nothing. Now, however, the bishop of the dioceae of Three Eivers has issued a command that the hay-raising farmer shall contribute to the church 87.50 for every 1000 bundles of hay. The other bi«hops|iiro expected to follow his example, and tho Kanuck will doubtless bo unable to escape by any method of "rotation of crops," however ingeniously devised. CLBIIGYMEN are supposed to have ordinarily a fair share of. the world's goods, yet the committee on ministerial support at the eastern synod of the Reformed church of the United States think differently. In their report they urged that ministers should have sufficient income to maintain a respectable appoarenco,—to purchase books entertain, visitors and properly rear their children. They should, furthermore, never be disturbed from work by having to seek tho necessaries of life. None will dispute these points; yet probably those clergymen to whom they apply are as woll off i;i a material wny as the .groat majority of l.heiv pariBhioners. And it might be pertinent to inquire what more do they expect? IT looks as though recent improvements in small arms, smokeless powder and other devices that tend to increase mortality in battle would do :.'.way with a good dual of war's pomp and circumstance. "Death loves a shining mark," and luui an in- sroaBcd chance uf finding it when it takes tho form of bright colored uniforms and glistening holmets, especially when it comes in the shape of an iiccuartely aimed bullet whoso course no smoke betrays. Hence, the scarlets and blues to which Germany adheres, the fridescnb glory of the hussars, the traditional red coats of tho British soldiers—all these are in a fail- way to disappear arid give place to more .sober and loss distinguishable shades. This -will rob war of much that is picturesque, ."butgreatly udd to the safety of those who participate. TIIK exposure by the New York Herald of thieving in the hands of tho Johnstown relief fund is shocking, but not surprising. There has been a well-defined suspicion abroad for some time that a gang of unprincipled people were juggling with tho fund. The Herald charges that ot the J5.000.000 subscribed in cash for the im- luediuto relief of suffering survivors, nour- ly 81,500,000 has been misappropriated in various ways. This money went in num- •erous directions. Tho- state government, it is said, appropriated $150,000; §250,000 went to relieve ordinary poverty in other, .parts of the state; 875,0(10 was used to build bridges a year and a half after tho disaster. Thousands woro Kquandored among contractors, superintendents, overseers and clerks. After detailing the manner in wh(ch ollwr sums were misapplied, tho Herald says: "The recoi'd is •one rtipl ;j with evidence of mal-iulminis- tration,' political corruption, robbery, and jobbery well calculated to heap disgrace •. upon tho stato of Pennsylvania and dU- 'courage u similnr demonstration of public generosity should an occasion for its display ever again occur." The persons who handled the fund should lose no time in replying to the sweeping series of accusations, ' "l''AHM AKiTFiHKsinK" notes that "like the Indian and.tho buffalo range cuttle are becoming a thing of tbo past." The census returns show this, and the fact may otherwise bo regarded as a natural accompaniment to the spieud of fotiloment westward. The t-priniring up of mining towns and cities hero tmd there on the areas which a fow years ago were open to "range" by the cowboy and his herds may have increased the actual consumption of meat in that region, but it cuts down the possibilities of occupancy under tho free pasture system in which the brand il)t'sad of the landmark was the deciding tend iu question of ownership. The farmers lire pushing out farther west, and porteth w ith t " eil! au ' ry the oldor 1)lllu o£ cul ' in ° exhibit at for live stock in small bunches, and dis- tpok ti\e jp] ac i,,g w l u ,t had been the intermediate fo^bel l )luiB ° between savuyry and eivili/.ution. kota Hence theehanye is for tlio bolt or, and all the more HO us it lends directly to do ttwuy with Hie irrwyulumie.s ol' supply iu the marla't which Imvu done so much tj depress. Uio selling prices of cuttto in Ihe |u«t few years. LATEST NEWS CpENSED, 800 ate J" % oc-, f- %''" 41 $'• »-,4 t'.; it;. GENERAL OP every million in the world blind. EDISON'S phonographic doll now Speaks 185.words. Formerly it. could speak but thirty. RoBEnt E. PATTISON, democratic candidate for governor of Pennsylvania, has •worn out warrants for the arrest of several newspaper proprietors on charges of criminal libel. SATURDAY evening a number of students of Nortre Damn university went to Chicago for. a Inrk, which has resulted in the expulsion of thirty-Wo. TTIK Farmers' Review will say this week that according to the statistics received the grand total of the potato crop ofthw country for 1890, will V,e about 12'2,731.000 bushels as against 233,701,000 in 1880 and 216,040,000 in 1888. TIIK oldest man in the world is probably Osman, of Cavallovit, Turkey. He has lived 160 years, and has documents to prove it. Ho is an Arabian widower, and is supported by a small pension from the Sultan. M. AiJ.AKft"a French journalist, fought a duel near Tours, Saturday. The weapons used were pistols, and M. Allnrd was shot in the stomach. lie has since died from the effects of his injuries. A HANDSOMH monument, in memory of thoxo who perished in the Jeiuinotto exploring expedition of 1881, was unveiled at the Naval Academy cemetery at Annapolis, Mel., to-day. It was erected by surviving moinl.ers of the expedition. SAMMY BIIAZLISTON, a bear trapper of Tntfton, Gal., was caught in one of his own box traps and was in a fair way to starve to death, when Postmaster Esterbrook happened along. Tho postmaster opened the lock-box u'nd u'sive him tree delivery. TIIK greatest distance ever recorded at which the sound of cannon has been heard was on the 4th of [December, 1832, _ when (he cannon of Antwerp were hoard in tho Krw?gnbirgo mountains, at a distance of 870 miles. A MHHTINO of importers of New York cily, w<w hold Tuesday afternoon which had under consideration the McKin- loy bill. James M. Cpnstablo said (hat it was tho opinion of numerous attorneys that the omission of section UO in the engrossed copy of the bill very possibly invalidated the entire act. A committee was appointed. A BAND of Arizona Apaches, evidently not more than four in number, have been terrorizing the Bottlers along the Ari- x/imi-Now Mexico line for the past six weeks in the western Sierra and Grant counties; the cavalry has been scouting for weeks without a result. Thus far four persons' have been murdered by the gang. J. J. Barrira, a Mexican in western Grant county, and his sou, are the hint victims. JN tho Oklahoma house Wednesday, Representative Terrell cilled the attention of the house to the fact that lobbyists were nn the lloor working for iha Kinglishor ciipitol bill. The Mwakor lefum-d to have them ejected, whereupon Terrell drawing a large revolver.! declared that if the house could not be protected by its own rules he would protect it himself from the insults of tho lobbyists. The sight of the weapon caused a stampede mid the house soon adjourned. tw.' tl'il HOC Uir BtOl opej Wai coli'' •r Sv ar A gine. tracto 1 -and J Woi that oral; 1? List prict to E Thot The; was Tt inL- Ollf( gati< venl tion beii • pol.' r-, Ho Col, Ho the tick. lican. oil The la theber FOItEIG-N. RIOTINO has been renewed at several points in Switzerland. 4lT is reported that a vessel with 700 emigrants on board has foundered oil Cape St. Vincent. THE English ^shipping interests temporarily jeoporized by the hostile attitude of tho suitors. Tun discoveries made by Stanley show that the Nile is the longest river in ;he world, being at least 4,100 miles in length. THE Russian war office is considering plans for changing the existing Russian military districts, and forming instead three armies, to be known as the northern, southern and western armies. BAI.FOUK is now in Westport. Tt is reported that he is deeply impressed with tho scones of tho general wretchedness of the peasants and the prospects of a famine. IN his last letter to Archbishop Croke, which has been made public, Sir Charles Gn van Duffy says he thinks the government land purchase bill is notable for its simplicity and completeness, but that it is ovorburdeneu \yith an elaborate system of guarantees designed to protect the taxpayer. IT is considered (juito improbable that tho department of justice at Ottawa will interfere in tho case of Birchall, the murderer nowjunder soul once of death at Wooi stock, Out. November 14 is the day fixed for tho execution. IT is stated that tbo modus vivoudi, which the government IIIH proposed to England, opens up the X.iinbr^i to all nations, while 'England agrees to make no treaty will; native chiefs in the I'ortugueso sphere until the delimitation of the frontiers is settled, UNUKU the firm name of Elita et Cio, tin- MU-bos Barrett, daughters of Wilson Barrett, the tragedian, have entered the ranks of fashionable dressmakers in London, and in a short timo have secured a valuable trade. .Thet-e yo-unj women are artistic and practical, and their biasness is designing and costuming rathor than the men! making of garments. There is apparently no reason why women may not succeed in this Held as well as Worth. CRIME. TUB American jewelry thieves who have boon operating in London, had confederates in New York, who handled the stolon goods for them. TOM WOODKOI.K, who murdered his father, stepmother and brothers and sis- tors, nine in all, was hanged at Perry, Ga., on Wednesday. DENNIS 15. SUI.MVAN, treasurer of the FutluT Matliow Total Abstinence Society, is believed will bo short in his accounts about 11,300, and bin property bus been attached to recover tho amount. ClIAULKS W. HoiilNSON, tllO Wflll-kllOWll stock broker who has been doing business through Juhn SU-'tsonAs bunking house in Boston, is a self I'ouf.t'i-srd forger. Tho amount will not fall short of feio.OuO. TIIK eight days' trial oy John T. Richards, for tho murder of his son-in-law, was brought 16 a close last night. Tho jury was i/ut but a fow minutes, fendeififlg a • tetdiet oj "euilty of murder in the first degree. Tfie killing occafed near Spflrta some two years ft^o and was a cold-blooded affair. AND CASUALTIES. A pon-fidS oflthe YouhgfttpWft Ohio, rolling mill plant waa burned Saturday night. The loss is * 100,000* FIBE at East Pepperell, Mas*., earlv Friday morning, destroyed property worth 8300,000. Several hundred persons are thrown out of employment. WAMBH L«I*ANB. of La Crqsse, an engineer on the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul railway, Whose home wap at Portage, had his brains knocked out this morning at Bangor, by his head being struck by a switchstand as he was looking out of the cab window. WASHINGTON. C. M. DAT.K, of Mattoor, 111.; Clifford Richardson, of. St. Louis, and Rockwell J. Flint, of Menomonee, Wis., have been appointed members oE tho Crow Indian commission, in Montana. TUB interior and war departments have isaued the necessary instructions to their representatives in Colorado to secure the return of the marauding Utes to the reservation a tonce. ATTOHNKY GKNKIUI, MIT.LEU has sent a circular letter to the United States attorney's calling attention to the anti-lottery bill, with the suggestion that they ipare no effect in its enforcement. TUB ? secretary of the interior has approved the proceedings of the council of the Menomineo Indians in Wisconsin assenting to the provisions of the act of June 12,1890, for the sale of their timber arid appointed Georgs W. Guns of Tonmhawak, Wis., us superintendent of the fogging operations of the Indians. MINISTEH EOAK advises the slate deportment that tlw president of Chili has expressed to him a most cordial approval of _the propositions of the recent international conference. He especially proposed the adoption of common silver coin for .circulation in all American republics. This vyould, the president , thinks, by making silver the American standard of value injcontrudislinctionlo gold as the European standard, do more than any other movement to extend nnd consolidate the influence of the United States and increase her commerce with the republics of South America. • In Muny Forms. Scrofula taints the blood of almost every, one. and it is the cause of much of our health. If it attacks the _ breathing organs, the issue is consumption; if the digestive apparatus, the issue is dyspepsia and debility; if the muscles, the issue is rheumatism; if the nerves, the issue is paralysis; if the glandular system, the issue ia in boils, and other superficial exhibitions of corruption. It is a mistake to characterize it as unseen. Wha^fes- turs your skin on every little abrasion? Scrofula. What gives that hack to your cough on exposure to the slightest damp and cold '{ Scrofula. What makes your food an oppression? Scrofula. What r.icks and twists the bones and sinews, as you grow old? Scrofula. It operates by withholding nutrition and defeating all efforts toward nourishment, life becomes a burden, and the victim knows not the blessings and happiness of health. It IE your duty to yourself, your family, and your race, to manfully oppose and dislr.d^e this demon. How? We can only say, that others, who were afflicted as you are, have found relief and cure in a moderate use of Hood's Sorsaparilla, that compound in which the skill or the modern pharmacist and the science of the most advanced medical knowledge unite for the benefit of suffering humanity. HOW TO PRESERVE A 1'IAXO. WORK OF RED DEVILS. Reminiscences ot One of the Bloody Tragedies of Early fcays in Nebraska. A F6w Hints Worth Kemeinberlnjr. Pianofortes must bo kept dry and free from the least particle of damp as dampness rusts the strings and pins, inflates the felt and leatlior, utterly ruining the action work. For this reason on wet or foggy clays the window of the room in which the piano stands must not be left open without the instrument being covered up. His not wise to place a cottage pianoforte with its back against a wall that is exposed to the influence of the weather or one having a chimney flue running through it; neither should it be placed too nuar the fireside, where it would be liable to encounter direct and undue lieat. To prevent the keys of the instruement from becoming yellow it is requisite to wipe them with a soft wash leather each time after use and to keep them covered with a piece of white flannel reaching from one end of the key bonrd to the other. Extreme degrees of hcnt mid cold are fatal to the cabinet work and]polisb of a piauofort j. When not in service it is prudent to keep your piano closed, especially during the summer months, as the moths haying once found access to the inner parts of the instrument do vast damage, besides dust clogs and is destructive to the meichan- isiu. Incuses whr>ra cloth lining is tacked to tin. 1 back of cottage pianofortes it is advisable to roph.ce it by wire gauze and any opening 1 at the bofton of the instrument must likewise bo covered up, in order to prevent the mice from finding a comfortable retreat hi one of {he secluded corners—under the keyboard is their favorite spot in the piano. In country and farm houses—mice being more frequently found in such resorts—this is particularly requisite, as these pernicious little creatures build their nests with the felt and cloth torn from the action.—Chambers' Journal. Five Children Belonging in One Family Horribly Slaughtered by a Band of Savage Aborigines. Terrible Revenge Visited by the Bereaved Father Upon: the Race Which Had Made Him Desolate. A IHseus* Uiiiicvouiilubly Proialciit. Tlio pievulouco ot ttilm«nu altrlbutublu to niIUD- niiiiic i"iibun in the ttlr Ihut people broatho, uud lliu wiik'i ilioy iliink, is wall iiigli unaccountable. Not uKmu iu pottUleiitial swamps, b»dly drained Biilmi-imu dish-Ids, and martiLuB exposed to the elm's rays by Ilia recoiling tide, it thin ecourte of humanity found. KVBU iu great cilieu, healtluully lotuiuil, nkilUully toweied, well looked ullor in every K'.-IHH:| in u suuilury vvuy, we Und multtrla. Ita lim.-riii-o is often iutucullcatile, bul/!« iiltacks ttve ulwiiyb proventuble. The protector la llostut- lei-'o bUmiuch BlittTB. Tlie erudiCHlor bourn the uumu immo—a name known to tnoui-uuds througU- oiu our Immtl i«iul ami einewburo ita a synonym of rulief, pruvuiitlon and cure of the insidious din- oi'ik'rs in u« ubominnblo phuwn—clilIU and tever^ bilious ivmiuuiii. dumb ague »ud nguu cake, at well us olliBi-s. Nor it the Hitters )<•*(or imllgi>B.liou, kiduijr compluiui, I, - Urig.-Gon. John Gibbon, commanding thu department of Columbia, reports that I he Indians of the extreme north are in a '.cl y peaceful condition and that the troops in his department tiro in good condition us regards discipline and drill. Kingfisher has deeii chosen the capital of Oklahoma territory. I'ittsburgfuijnaces will no longer be supplied with natural gas. ot be* childhood. But '.'the heart of Rachel, for her children crying, l!1 not e Upon the Missouri river in the northeastern part of Cedar county, close to the Dixon county line and nearly opposite Vermillion, a, D.. is what is known as "Brooke's bottom," says William F. Bryant^in the Omaha World-Herald. This is a basin of land lying in the Mississippi valley, shut in upon all sides by; high bluffs. A considerable portion of the "bottom" is covered with a heavy growth of timber. It runs nearly due east and west, is about six miles long, its width varying from one to three miles, la conformation and extent it resembles the descriptions given by travelers and historians of the far-famed plain of Marathon. Near the upper end of this basin or "bottom" is a spot, which, for being the scene of a bloody deed, may yet be memorable in poetry and song. In the year 1839 a your.g man and his newly married wife set out from Parkersburg, iu what is no'w called West Virginia, to try their fortunes in the great west. The.young man had scarcely attained his majority and his bride was a few years his junior. They belonged to the middle class, coming from the mountain regions of the Old Dominion. They were no novices in frontier life. Poor in worldly goods, they were yet rich in love and hope. The young man, having ideas of his own and a decided antiphathy to the "peculiar institution," and really left his native heath that lie might rear his children on free soil. They settled first at Burlington, Iowa, then a frontier town. But living in a wilderness becomes a passion with some men. A Boone or aBowiej a Carson or a Crockett could never have tnriven in civilization. Riding upon the crest of the advancing wave, they settled now at Fort Des Moines and afterwards at Sioux City, where the young man (now in his 40th year) shingled the Brst house in the cit.y of the corn palace. But advancing civilization drove them still onward and in 1857 they settled in ''Brock's bottom." The> had been blessed with eight children, two of whom they had buried in Iowa. By dint of toil and thrift they had accumulated a large property. They built a comfortable home upon this "squatter's claim. 1 ' Here another son died (the first natural death in the county), and another was born to them. The sorrow was merged in this new joy, and father, mother and children bent their united energies to the subduing of the forest. A haopy future appeared to bebe- loro them, But, ahis!°alas! sorrow was in store. In September of 1862, Abraham Lincoln issued the emancipation proclamation; and when in the month following the president called for more troops with which to suppress the rebellion, the heart of the Virginian abolitionist burned within him. His second son, now 17, was deemed sufficient protector for mother and children; and so the eldest enlisted as a soldier. The father joined Company I, commanded by Captain John Tuffe (afterward a member of congress), and the company was ordered to join Sully's regiment, which was sent to Crow Creek, Dak. On the 23d day of Jane, 1863. the mother had gone to Yankton, Dak., by pony express to purchase some of the little luxuries that serve to mellow the rough side of a frontiersniaii's life. Leaving the carrier at old St. James, near the mouth of Petit Arc (as the French voyagers called it), she walked three miles through a ravine to her home. Arriving there with a mother's joyful expectation she "was alarmed at seeing no sign of life; no outstretched arm meth°r wating embrace; no upturned lips were waiting to receive a mother's cherished kiss. Looking through the window she saw an Indian lying upon the floor. Telltale marks of gore were upon the door. But they had not the significant assurance which the blood of the Pavchal lamb gave to the breast of a Hebrew. As the terrible truth flashed upon her bewildered brain she was seized with the frenzy of despair. She rushed to the other side of the house. There lay one of her children, a boy of 8 years, stark and stiff—shot to death. Wild with grief, fear and frenzy, the poor woman fled back through the ravine to old St. James end fold the dreadful story. It was now nightfall, and no one dared move till day break, What a night that must have been to. that fond mother. On the morrow the small band or settlers at old St. James took a circuitous route on the open prairie to the scene of the massacre. Three of the five children were dead, The two others were yet alive. The eldest a boy a 17 years, lay upon the floor, his skull crushed and both arms broken. His hands still clutched his rifle, with barrel empty The bravo boy had perished in a hand-to-hand struggle to protect the honor of his sister from savage infamy. 1 he sister vet living had been mutilated in a manner which forbids detail. r lh« pool- girl lived for five days, but never spoke. The second boy, a lad of 13, had been stabbed to death. Another boy of 8 years, lying outside the door, hud been seen by his mother. But the saddest of all was the sight of "mamma's darling, a little lei- low of five summers, mortally >vouncle;l. "Indians scared me, mamma, was all he could say. He died in -throo days Ihe victims of this cruel slaughter were buried in a single grave near the mouth ot 1 etit hi less than two weeks (news traueled slowly then) the sad story reached the father, 200 miles away. Mounting his horse without taking refreshment he set out upon his dismal journey. On he rode, night and day, with the energy of madness uncl despair. Arriving at 'Broc-ke s bottom" Hanson Wiseman entered the house —his home no more. On March 28 following Mrs. Wiseman was again a mother. This child, now a young man of 26 yearn, is a hapless cripple- the ruinlt of his mother's terrible affliction. Mrs. Wiseman now ives a heartbroken old woman. Her husband vainly sought by every means in his power to bomfortVr. He took her to Uw east, and, at a large expense, sought to rejuvenate the afflicteS mother in the scenes his slaughtered child- £\.W T M \IL1\J »•-•*.» v — - "» u " O Ajk«Li»lVllfl ten Hanson Wiseman «^,Vf™[u oath of vengeance. How well the, oatn his been kept is a secret betweeni himana his God. But this is certain; for P**« u years none of the vagabond bandsi of n- diaus which have infested this country could be induced to enter ; 'Brotosboj: torn. 11 To the red man it is the valley of the shadow of death. At the time the Winriebagoes were moved down the river, several canoes were emptied of their living freight in passing the scene of the Wiseman inUrder. Some mysterious pe£ son shot them from the "heavy timber along the river. But a short time since the settlers .in that neighborhood were shocked by the discovery of several skeletons buried near the "Wiseman claim. They were the bones of the aborigines. _ Hanson Wiseman sought to obtain indemnity from the government for the destruction of his property by the Indians. The Hon. Phineas W. Hitchcock (in and out'of congress) championed his cause. But with the senator died every effort in the old man's behalf. One strange thing there was connected with the massacre. As the Indians left the scene of their bloody work they passed in sight of a cabin in which there was a young woman and her three little children, the oldest less than 4 years. Yet they never disturbed them. Nor did the woman hear of the murder for several days. Hanson Wiseman and his wife are now living near the scene of the massacre. The old man is now 73 _years old. _ He is vigorous in body and mind, and bids fair to live twenty years yet. His appearance reminds one of the pictures of David Crockett. He was a delegate from Nebraska to the last National Union Labor Convention, and, for fear some skeptic may think I have been writing a romance, I will add that his postoffice address is Hanson VViseman, St. James, Cedar county, Neb. ^ TELEGRAPH SYSTEM OF TUB WOULD. We Have'the Most Wire, but Italy Sends the Most Messages, Proportionately. In 1837 the first practical telegraph was worked in England, after a crude attempt made in 1835, on a line of thirteen miles between Paddington and Drayton. In 1844 a telegraph line was opened between Washington and Baltimore. In 1850 a copper wire insulated in gutta percha was submerged between Dover and Calais, and the first submarine telegraph was laid by the late T. R. Crampton. There are now 94£subuiarine cables, ex- cUisive of the seven Atlantic cables, with an aggregate of 112,700 nautical miles. The overland telegraph is already a worldwide institution, in which there is a total of 1,680.900 miles of wire, enough of the attenauated: metal to go around the equa- tional belt of the globe just thirty times, the number of words transmited, tho miles traveled, and the casjh changing hands would tax the enumeration table. The United States has 776,500 mi las oE wire, and in 1889 no less that 56,000,000 messages were sent through the country. France has 220,890 miles of wire, on which in 1889 were transmitted 30,050,00 dispatches. CJrert Britain has 180,000 miles of metal line, and in 1889 sent 30,000,000 messages. Russia has spun oat 170,500 miles, and in 1889 gave the operators 10,280,780 uKwsa.yes to dispatch. Australia has strung no fewer than 105,360 miles across its surface, and transmitted in one year 12,000,000 messages. Italy has 19,-' 000 miles, and has made an annual record of about 7.000,000 electric messages. Canada has 58,500 miles of wire, and did a business in 1889 of 4,027,581 dispatches. Egypt has 5,500 mile,!, and in connection with India and England by submarine pables of which last year 1,600,205 com munications were carried from one end of the world to the other. China has 5,500 miles of wire across Mongolia, and Japan owns no less than 16,500miles, over which 5,000,000 messages were sent in one year. New Zealand has strung itself with 11,375 miles of metal wire and dispatched 1,835,495 messages. Tasmania has 2,500 miles of telegraph wires. Persia claims, in partnership with European wires, about 6,124 miles South Africa has a credit of 4,310 miles, and even St. Helena, the island prison of the great Corsican, has 13 miles of the universal wire cobwebbim* its rocks. The telegraph systems of the world have unrolled the wire reel without stint, and if we add to the 1,688,900 miles used for telegraph purposes the wholesale appropriation by the telephone system the sum total would be enormous. How Qunutrell Died. J. H. Barnhill, of Nevada, Mo., who served with Quantrell, puts at rest the story that the man Henderson, who died at Birmingham, Ala., a few days ago, was the Missouri guerrilla. Mr. Barnhill says Quantrell was mortally wounded August 10, 1865, in n 1'fl, n lot belo/igiii" to a man named WakeGsld on the TajTor- ville and Bloomfield turnpike, about fifteen miles from Louisville, Ky. He died a few days later at Louisville, and was buried in the Catholic cemetery at that place. "While we were in the lot," said Mr. Barnbill, ''Captain Terrill, with about forty men surrounded us, We made a bold da»h to get out and in the fight QuantroU's horse was shot from under him. He got up behind Dick Glasscoclc, who was soon afterwards shot from his horse and killed, and in a few moments later Quantrell was shot from the same animal. I saw him when he fell. One of the Hackensmith boys was also killed there. The remainder of us got away. When Captain Terrill walked up to Quantrell tho wounded man took off his gold watch and handed it to him. Quan- fcrell was taken to Wakefield's house, and left for the night. He was shot in the leftside, the ball Hinging up and comin» out at the shoulder, lie said he was mortally wounded, and told us to take care of ourselves the best we could. Tho next day Captain Ten-ill had Quantrell moved to Louisville and placed in the Sister's Hospital, where he died four or five days later." Tbe Gil Bias hears from a trustworthy source that the czar, as soon as he was convinced of one of his principal secretaries being innocent of the political charges exhibited against him by an aitful cabal at the court of St. Petersburg, gave orders for his immediate recall from the remotest parts of Siberia, whither he had been banished.' Horses were provided gratis and a large sum of money ordered him for his I Ho also granted him for life the possession of an estate of 8,000 rubles; but the secretary, wise from experience, asked and obtained leave to quit Russia. OlUVAWt ^ — —• could abide _ &£&fsasns ^Swme raw good fortune which put in in ot the weed, and coumienced to pull with a, energy hat brought every, facial muscle to its utmost tension, our satisfaction with this world was so great our temptation was never to want to leave it. , , The cigar did not burn well: it required an amount of suction that tasked our determination to tho utmost. Yu see that our worldly means had limited m i to a quality that cost only three cents. But we bad been taught that nothing great was accomplished without effort, and so we puffed away- Indeed, we had heard our older brothers in their Latin lessons say, omma. vincet labor; which translated means it Jo™t to make anything go, you inu.t scratch for it. 11,™,' With these sentiments, we passed down the village street and out toward our country Borne. Our head did feel exactly right, and the street began to rock from side to side, so that it was uncertain to us which side of the street we were on. So we crossed over, but found ourself on the same side that we were on before we • crossed over. Indeed, we imagined that we were on both sides at the same time, and eeveralfast teams driving between. We met another boy who asked us why we looked no pale, and we told him we did not look pale but that he was pale himself. We sat down under the bridge and began to reflect on the prospect of early decease, and on the uncertainty of all earthly expectations. We had determined to t nioke the cigar all up and thus get the worth of our money, but we were obliged to throw three-fourths of it away, yet knew just where we threw it in case we felt better the next day. Getting home, the old people were frightened, and demanded that we state what kept us so late, and what was the matter with us. Not feeling that'we were called to go into particulars, and not wishing to increase our parents' apprehension that we were going to turn out badly, we summed up Uie case with the statement that we felt miserable at the pit of the stomach. We had mustard plasters administered, and careful watching for soms hours, » hen we fell asleep and forgot our disappointment and humiliation in being obliged to throw away three-fourths of our first cigar. —In Ladies' Home Journal. A KING OF METALS. The Value of Platinum as Attested by Electric UglltK. New York Times: "No enterprise in the world," said a well-known electrician yesterday, "has increased within the lost few years_as rapidly as the business of electric lighting. The amount of money invested in electric light plats in this country to-lay is 8120,000,000, and it was only eleven years ago, you reinembej, that the light was first perfected. From the few lamps burned by Edison at Menlo Park in 1879, there have grown into present use ac least 125.0JO arc lights and 1,700,000 incandescent lights, "One of the most noticeable results of this remarkable growth is the increase in the price of platinum. Here is an incandescent lamp. You see the short strip ot wire attached to the copper conductor just at the top of the globe. Well, that is platinum. It connects tlie carbon ized loop and is one of the absolutely indispensable features of the lamp, because it expands at the same temperature and in the same proportion as the glass globe. There have been a good many experiments for the purpose ot determining a substitute for platinum, but none has been found, the experiments resulting, in each instance, in the unequal expansion of the metal and the lobe ^"sequent breaking of the strip of this metal. I say 'unfortunately* because i has come to be extremely valuable, and the mines are not productive Moreover, they are situated luuucuve - IN THE UHAI, MOUNTAINS and are practically inaccessible. A suit ot this increasing Jomand and whmg supply, the price of platinml advanced tremendously, until it is most as valuable) as gold. Five ye-ir th« metal was seldom used in rhi's coi b emg employed only in the erapnl fata « tor the consentration of sul acid and in the manufacture of j If was then to be bought in the . .... ounce, six months a"o id "creased to «*, and I sea by one n tgwe journals that it has now gone S>20, which is only a few cents less tr. rK,,,>, ..„,,, t .' io KbHMtt \T Commendable,

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