THE OREGON DAILY JOURNAL', PORTLAND,; SATURDAY. JANUARY 18. 1910. a a j ackmou ..... . .. ....... -PubuW ' f-bU-b-d iw U. ef tro snd ."""t lIf HV4 . . - . . T Votered et tb postorfica at Portland. ' ) francuis-wa thro--, ta sm-s aa ;ww sle-i ! ' tr i r.r u.l 4 B. SI.,, A -.A fi 1 . j Mt MrfK ilVI' LP . ,v, .- . I ,- AU partn-nt reached by Uhm -lUBbers. Tell the operator what department yos wumu Benjamin Kentaor Co.. Brunswick Building J;- 5 rath STn, WewTork: l-0 Mailer. r Subscription Unit 6 mail Sa Omot sad Wi I . tsctoat ' 1 ' DAILY (If ORWTSO OH AFTEBNOOXI' fOns ear $8.00 On son-.....S .86 i SUNDAY N" One year. . . . .S3.S0 On tnewfh DAILT (MOBSINO OR AFTERNOON) AKO BUN DAT 3 Ob yr.....tT.B0 I On. month .83 Institutions may crumble and gorern-ments fail, but it is only that they may renew a better youth. George Banfcroft. A GERMAN TRAP T IS at last disclosed that. Villa's I murderous raid which caused American troops to be sent into; Mexico in 1916, was financed by i German money. "r f The money needed to equip Villa's j irray was deposited in a St. Louis bank by Financial Agent Albert and Ambassador von Bcrnstorff. It was fused In the. purchase and dispatch j of munitions to the bandit leader, j The raid on an American army j camp In New Mexico, the mobillza-j Hon. of an American army on the frontier, and the sending of an American force across the Mexican border all followed , with dramatic trimmings. j The raid was, of course, a German I trap. It Was the German purpose to Involve the United- States in war Lwith Mexjco. Vith a Mexican war f on our hands, involving a large force of men nd a long period of guer-rilla warfare in a difficult territory, (the kaiser correctly reasoned that we would be In no position to defend f ourselves against diver frightfulness and Prussian aggressions on the high 1 seas. Many American newspapers played (directly into Germany's hands. They called upon President Wilson for I ma1 intrir)iAntnn fhifh mOQ n f war with Mexico. That was what Bernstorff was plotting for, and fwhat Berlin was planning for. - Partisan newspapers denounced, ; derided and lampooned the president. i There was no limit to their abuse, no epithets they did not apply. They I ridiculed his "watchful waiting" pol-i ley and called him "spineless." They did all this while Von Bernstorfr iwas putting up the money for Villa 'i to play his part in Mexico, while the partisan newspapers idiotically played i their part of the German program in America. i We realize now, from ihe late disclosures, that the desired var witn s Mexico was a purely German scheme, i We see how wrong these newspapers fwere and how cruelly unjust lo the 'president. If the president had taken -their advice and gone with American Jarmies into Mexico we might not .have been able to arrive in France ;ln time. In any event, American i casualty lists in a Mexican war and In a European war, greatly prolonged ?by our delay in arrival In France, would have carried far more distressing . totals of dead and maimed. There is a warning in this spectacle of the past. The partisan state--- ments of a partisan press are unreliable. They cannot be trusted. In the Mexican troubles they nearly led us into a German trap, r The malignant and vituperative at-t tacks on President Wilson t.now are jconceived and carried on in the same partisan and unreliable way. 1- 1 . , J i The legislature can afford to be i Strong in support of irrigation. In mining, you can work out the ore fbody. But in irrigation, once the t ditches are built and the water 'made to reach the land, the soil Irtever ceases to give up its crop, ilt is pay dirt that never works out. . j;" ' TRADE AND LANGUAGES ITH peace accomplished, Eng-11 I land, like alt the rest of the o.j mJ world,- is .looking forward to a furious competition for trade. It Is taken as a matter or course that "each belligerent nation will endeavor to relieve its war-made poverty and pay off its war debts by securing trade wherever it can. England is particularly alive to this 7 prospect She is making all sorts of . preparations for the trade war Avtilch seems likely to be the sequel tu iuq oauuuu. Among most prep-erations perhaps the official investigations that England is carrying on are as significant as any. ' She is : asking ' questions about matters like education which gave her government but little concern before the war. Up to the outbreak : of the war fiprminy's foreign trade was jrrowina in ail parts of the globe. It had ; captured the carrying trade of South J ; r America, although England had been on the ground for many years. It Invaded England's home markets. The legend. "Made in Germany" bore down all competition. ' What was the reason for it all? England begins to suspect that th reason lies concealed in the word "education." . Germany's business men fought their way to the f ronv in all countries because, they had been scientifically trained for business. Their training reached out in many directions, of course. It covered such matters as banking, accounting,; chemistry, electricity. And in particular it included the modern languages. England's scnools have always rather contemned the modern languages. So have our own schools. But the ante-bellum Germans devoted themselves to learning these languages. They studied with exceptional zeal the languages of the countries they expected one daV to conquer. Brftish and American neglect of foreign languages made it necessary for their business houses to empioj German clerks, German accountants. German ageds The consequence was that the kaiser had a ready made spy system at his beck and call in all parts of the world. England has now on hand the re port of a commission appointed by the prime minister to investigate the connection between foreign languages and trade. The committee says that the most important of the modern languages is French because of its literature, its contributions to learning and its practical use in commerce and international affairs. The committee insists upon the value of a speaking knowledge of the foreign tongues. It is the speaking knowledge that counts in practical affairs. The ability to go to the j distant countries and converse with their tradesmen, bankers and others of affairs is a long stride made in extending trade. Vhy hasten to resubmit the tax limitation amendment? The people will not repeal it. Ft is the one and only , curb on the legislature. There will not be another war, with unnecessary and extravagant expenditures on a state army. FLU AND MASKS MORE people have died from flu than were killed during the same period in the war. The number of Americans who have died from flu is several times as large as the number of Americans killed in battle in France. "I am satisfied that the universal use of the mask would cut the disease down to practically nothing in Portland in less than 10 days' time," is the ?tatcment of Dr. Som-mer, director: general of the anti-flu campaign. For the forenoon of yesterday the number of new cases and deaths reported was among the six highest days recorded since the epidemic struck Portland, yesterday showed the largest number of deaths since November 4. In San Francisco the average of deaths per day during October was over 40. The universal wearing of masks was then required, and within three weeks the average dropped to seven. Wearing masks in Portland might save a life. It might save hundreds. If it would save just one, is there anybody who would object? Though the cost of building ships in America is already enormous Seattle 6hip workers are threatening to strike for an increase over the war wages. Possibly they know their business, but at this distance it looks like they are pressing a good thing pretty hard. NO CONFLICT THERE is hardly any likelihood of a conflict between the league of nations and the Monroe doctrine. Some persons have felt apprehension , on that point, . but it is groundless. The Monroe doctrine was proclaimed by President Mon roe to debar European nations from founding colonies in this hemisphere. England already had Canada, and she has retained it. Spain owned Mexico and the lancer Dart of South America when the Monroe d6ctrine was proclaimed, but she soon lost them. Afterward she lost Cuba. Ever since President Monroe took his stand against European- colonization the course of events has been in the 6ame direction. The western hemisphere long ago emerged from all danger so far as Europe was concerned. The only thing that even looked like danger of late years was Germany's policy of "peaceful penetration" in Brazil and Argentina, but that Is now of the past Nobody fears Germany any longer. The Monroe doctrine has held its own in the world without a league of nations. With a league it would be still safer, , ir the league of nations is organized as liberal men hope to see it there will be no more old-time colonizing anywhere. The western hemisphere will remain exempt, from the mischief as the Monroe doctrine made and kept it The rest of the world will also be exempt Colonies acquired for exploitation are inadmissible under a league of nations formed to secure the rights of all peoples and maintain justice in the world. v If such a league is ormed, therefore, we may expect o see r the essential, - principle of the Monroe doctrine extended over the entire earth and ite validity defended pot only, by.: the strength of the United States but by the combined strength of all the civilized nations. - - Great. Britain is the principal colonizing country. What is to be done with 'her colonies under the league of nations ? What is to be done with India, Egypt South Africa? The answer seems to be supplied by history. All the British colonies are advancing swiftly toward self-government Canada and Australia have the substance of it already. Thb other colonies have only .to frame free institutions for themselves and Great Britain will concede them if not all at once then step by step. It is not probable that England's colonies will present any very difficult problems to the peace conference, pr that the Monroe doctrine will be endangered in any way by a league Of nations. TRUTH ABOUT PORTLAND THERE seems to be an impression among some legislators and others that Portland is full of all kinds of schemes' for fastening a big and "unrighteous road program upon the rest of the state. There are numerous complaints from interior Oregon to which Portland would have to plead guilty. It may be true that Portland is stronger for road building than are some of the other districts of Oregon. It ?3 true that Portland foolishly waited until the last week of the 1917 ses sion and then went cyclonically to Salem with a six million dollar road program. But it is not likely that Portland is sinister in desiring a liberal plan of road construction. All America has suddenly become clamorous for good roads. The war taught the people the practical value of efficient highways. In the East especially, the roads, when the railroads broke down, enabled auto trucks to become tremendous factors in carrying traffic. The effect is a new realization of the great value of highways as a factor in transportation. The federal bureau of public roads and rural engineering estimates that $300,000,000 will be spent by the va rious states in new road building this year. Added to this the deferred construction "and improvement of existing routes will increase the expenditure upon work definitely proposed to one billion dollars in a slightly longer period. These are mighty figures. They evidence the mounting sentiment for highways that are highways. They reflect an impulse that is surging everywhere, Portland included. It is not a sinister or a selfish purpose, but a very practical and very sane purpose, and such enthusiasm as Portland manifests is not unworthy, but worthy. The painter knows best-how to mix his paints. It is the lawyer, not the teamster that knows what is in the law books. Nobody studies flu so much as the doctors. If they say masks, on what authority can a street cleaner contradict them? THE RAIN THE rain." Softly ifell, with the south wind blowing. Washed from the air was the sense of strain and the vague, oppressive, foreboding of ill that the hard, bright days of the east wind brought. Hope in. human hearts revived as the frost-browned grass brightened. Mercy seemed still to be a quality of nature, vand in the very caress of the breeze there was tenderness and wholesomeness. The furnace fires lessened their fierce flamings, and through windows long closea the health of the outer air was granted admission. Drop flash ingly followed drop until it seemed those monstrous in-finitesima called the unisolated bacilli of influenza must all have succumbed to the persistent filtration. And there were none left who could wonder that Oregonians love the south rain so. The death toll of flu was heavy yesterday. It was but little below the top record. The number of Americans killed by flu is several times the number that fell in France. DELINQUENT TAXES TIERE is genuine merit In' Senator Smith's ideas upon delinquent tax sales. His opinion is that no delinquent property should be sold to speculators. It should all be bid in by the county where it is situated. Mr. Smith assigns two reasons for his view. The first one is that speculators buy in nothing but tne best land, leaving the worst for the county, which, "therefore, usually geti bad bargains. The second reason is that poverty and misfortune are often the reasons for delinquent taxes. When they begin to see better days the delinquents desire to redeem what they have lost If it has been bought in by speculators their lot is hard. If the county holds it they may be treated mercifully. Some might dismiss this consideration ' as "mere humanl-tarianism" but it is not the less-meritorious for that reason. There is none too much humanitarlanlsm in the world. A little more : would not hurt anybody. A recent incident exemplifies the strength of Senator Smith's position. A farmer .who had owned a piece of land ' for many years -and paio his -f taxes : regularly; was surprised to learn that some 20 acres of hta holding had been gold for delinquent taxes. After a somewhat expensive investigation he discovered that this 20 acre tract had been plotted in the assessor's office under two different designations,' j ''In the J first place it was -plotted as part and parcel of ,his farm. In the second place it was plotted by itself and assigned to an owner who had been dead for 10" years. It had been assessed under each designation and naturally the dead man's taxes were delinquent. So the land was sold as the law seemed to require. Fortunately the county bid it in and the farmer was able to have the wrong righted by stipulation and a formal court order without ruinous expense. But suppose the purchaser, at the tax sale had been one of those speculators whom Senator Smith mentions. Through -no fault of his own the farmer might have lost his property irrecoverably. Letters From the People ((TommnnicatloiM aeot to TBe Journal for publication in this department should be written on only one aide of the paper, abxrald not exceed 300 word in length and must be aicned by the writer, whose , mail address io full mint accompany the contribution.) Reconstruction Portland, Jan. 10. To th Editor of The Journal. D we wish to reconstruct the civilization that has been found "wanting? Or could we. If we so wished? We mig-ht as well take the chick to reenter the shell. Does reconstruction mean only the other fellow over there? Just what does If mean? Everybody seems to be running around with a plan, eager to tell everybody about it, and all are convinced they are on the right track. Anyway, it is going to come out all rfght, perhaps,; that is, if the other fellow doesn't do. it and get all mixed up, and get us all mixed up. Ah, there's the rub. But we can start out with this proposition : Something fundamental must be done. Something fundamental will be done. And the more quickly and the more peacefully, the better. Democracy says there is only one peaceful way, and that is the ballot. We are all agreed thatN we must reduce the high cost of living and maintain the high standard of living. " We all agree that we must have more homes and better ones, and that they must be occupied and maintained by the owner. That is the basis of Democracy, of the new civilization. We ait agree that there is but one place to build a home, and that is on the earth, and there is only one ,way to build it, and that is by labor. We all agree that nor' man made the earth, and that in order for anybody to get some of it on which to build a home and some of It on which to raise food, he must pay someone for the earth, which nobody made. Here is where we commence to disagree that is, some of us. Do all the people in their combined effort create the value of the land? If we are so agreed, then it follows that it belongs to all. We are all agreed that we have enormous taxes to pay. Then why not take public values to defray public expenses? We can do this by initiating a law, or the legislature can refer one to the people and let them settle it. What would such a law do toward reconstruction? It would throw the vast resources of the west open to the returning soldier so he could get a piece of the land for which he fought. This would relieve the labor market. It would relieve Industry by removing taxes, and thus invite the activity of capital and employ more labor. It would disturb some securities, but that is incidental. Nothing will' be secure unless this is done. So why should that concern us? J. R. HERMAN. An Open Letter The Dalles, Jan. 14. To United States Senator George E. Chamberlain After reading your late speech in the senate, I desire to say to you that a large number of us folks at home do not agree with you. No doubt our president and secretary of ar have made mistakes during the late unpleasantness, but we "folks at home" are prepared to render the verdict that under the circumstances they did the best they could, and did pretty well at that. AH honor and glory to our fighting men. They are the best the world has ever produced, and as such, "the best in the shop is none too good for them." But they are eensible men as well as fighting men. They will realize that a large number of the mistakes made which perhaps worked hardships on some of them when properly classified come under the head of "the fortunes of war." As to extravagance In expenditure in financing the war, it is deplorable, but history tells us it "was ever thus." We are a big and wealthy nation. We are accustomed to doing things in a big way, and to finance a world war m a big way costs money. I verily believe that if the Great Father himself came down from his celestial throne and handled the financial end of this war for us, that bobcat of the human family, the profiteer, would put one over on him. I, having been a resident of Alaska ror zo years, have had occasion to observe your careet- in national affairs pretty closely. Do not accuse me of being ungrateful, for we old Sourdoughs still feel grateful to you for past services rendered, for when we in the north land sadly needed a "friend at court" you stood by us nobly, championed our cause and obtained results. And, after all is said, results is what counts. Now in this business of reconstructing the world, we folks at home are looking for men to represent us who are able and broad minded enough regardless of past grievances or party affiliations to get in line with our president, and, In helping to put the world's wheels of peace and progress in motion again, obtain the best results possible for all. I will cite an instance. There Is William It Tsft. Not many years back, if you remember, "we folks t home" proved to hie entire satisfaction that as a statesman wo were not wasting much of our admiration on him. But he appears to Improve with age. Surely our president and war secretary, being of a different political faith, do many things in a way he does not approve. Is he going around crying it from the housetops? Not he. He realizes that "we folks at home" desire and demand not knocking but constructive action. He knows from past experience .that aU mortals are liable to , make, mistakes.' Therefore he gives those men credit for what they have done and has rolled up his sleeves and gone down the line with our president and war secretary and the other big men who are doing things, giving a helping hand and a word of encouragement daring the big fight, and now sticking on tne Job during reconstruction. Incidentally, I may say that thereby he is creating for himself a warm spot fn the hearts of "us folks at home," Where some of you whom -we looked to for big things seem lost, he appears to nave round bimself. -A word of advice, dear Senator. Dis card those, political togs-you are wear- ilnr. Buckle pnNtfaat sturdy $14 Oregon armor, which fitted you so well and in which, as governor of Oregon and as senator when you first went to Washington, you hit the high water mark as statesman and public servant Then get In line with our big men and give us some more of the best there Is In you. If Newton D,: Baker threw a monkey wrench into your machine, wait till the world is reconstructed, then catch him In the back yard of the Capitol some day, place a chip on your shoulder, dare him to knock It off, and if he does, knock his block off. If he doesn't, you win; for you've got hire buffaloed. TIMOTHY CRONIN. Dietary Errors Charged The Dalles. Jan. . To the Editor of The Journal When humanity will turn about face and strive as hard to get back to nature and the Creator who made fhem as they have in setting up their own wills and laws against his all-wise laws, then indeed shall we have no more sicknesses or epidemics on this earth. I believe all our bodily ills and these create mental ones can be laid to the act of our transgressing certain laws of proper eating and breathing and to our method of living in general. God in his kindness, to make easier the redeeming of our selves, from our first disobedience, has generously given us many wise teachers to help guide us back to proper methods of right living. He has also given use of herbs, roots, barks, leaves and the like a generous supply close at hand pure, simple, yet powerful that wUl heal, cleanse, remove the surplus food that so may of us foolishly, cram into our stomachs, poisoning our entire system. Through herbs he gives us the chance to again learn our lessons with less suffering. The true knowledge our forefathers had of herbs has almost become extinct, by humanity's foolishly catering to the strong extracts, fluids and powders of man's invention, when a simple brewed tea of God's own pure plants would prove a more effective remedy. A lasting salvation Is promised us, but oh, the useless, needless price we pay to learn a lesson by which we could escape the terrible toll of death ! How much more Quickly could we gain the salvation if we would omit all flesh tea. coffee, rich pastries, gravies, etc., from our tables, and substitute nuts, eggs, milk, fruits, grains, etc., that God has so generously given us and not gorge ourselves even on these ! MRS. MAGDAIEN CLARK. - Dieting for Influenza Portland, Jan. 10. To the Editor of The Journal In the grip epidemic of 1S89 I was one of the first to suffer. Every winter thereafter I spent a number of days In bed with grip, until 15 years ago, but since then I have been immune. I firmly believe that at least 99 per cent of the cases of flu could be avoided by proper living habits. I also believe that If people would read up on physical culture and put into practice what they learn, at least 90 per cent of all other ills could be avoided. Prior to 15 years ago I had suffered with rheumatism and lumbago for 20 years. As a permanent cure for rheumatism drugs were a dismal failure. I found the cause of my rheumatism and lumbago was faulty diet and faulty eating habits. It was surprising how quickly my rheumatism leftme when I cor rected these. I was in the cold waters of the Cowlitz river every day up to my waist (and some time several feet above), from the time I commenfcd the change of diet, yet rheumatism left me. As long as I keep a proper diet and eating habits I have no trouble though whenever I drop back into my old habits rheumatism and lumbago return. A diet including meat and denatured white) flour bread will cause trouble within one week, if eaten at every meal. When I cut out the cause of my rheu matism I naturally so built up my phys ical vitality' that I became immune to grip and all other ills. I have been sick only two days in 16 years, one time on account of being overheated and the other on account of eating some crabs that were not what they ought to have been. I have a good start along my second half century and feel younger than I did 20 years ago. FRED N. ROBIN. Quotes Lenine's Definitions nnHland. Jan. 9. To the Editor of The Journal In answer to E. A. Lin-scott. who states that he would like for someone to produce the Bolshevik plat form, I would state tnai i touna copies of a 16-page pamphlet entitled "Political Purtu of Russia." outlining the prin ciples of the four political parties of Russia ana written Dy x lcnoiaa ueninc, the prominent Bolshevik leader, at the headquarters of the Socialist party of Oregon. Had Mr. Linscott given his street address I would have sent him copy of the pamphlet. In short, Lenine classifies the four parties as follows: 1. The feudal lananoiaero, eomeumca called the "Black Hundred." 2. The real capitalists, who draw their incomes mostly through ownership of banks, factories, etc., and whose party goes by the name "Cadets." 3. The small capitalists, rent paying storekeepers, and some wage workers with capitalist-controlled minds. This party favors some socialistic measures. a The Bolshevists, the "Social Demo cratic Workers' party." According to Lenin, this party could properly be ii i tv,m rv.mmiinistie oarty." because its members favor public ownership of land, stores, hotels. Danxs, etc. a stuay of the Russian parties explains wny tne capitalists of the world dislike the Bolshevik. MAX BURGHOLZER. Auto Thieves Portland, Jan. 16. To the Editor of m,. Tn.imoi t saw an article a few days ago written by an officer. In which the complaint was maae mat an auio iuia .utioiiv ent off easr. It would seem the present legislature should pass & jaw wltn a penaiiy Mimtucu uii would make that class of criminals sit anj i.v, notice. In the article men tioned, one Idea was to make parents responsible ror tne acts pi minors, i should say a better way would be to punish the criminal. The theft of the car of a working man who lives out of town and works in the city is a serious matter. The theft of a doctor's car might result in the death of a patient. In days gone by the theft of a $50 horse would cost the thief his life if he were caught, yet an auto might cost the owner $2000. W. F. COLLARD. Home Products and Printer's Ink Portland, 1 Jan. 14. To the Editor of The Journal "Nothing the matter with Portlaad?" Eliminate shipbuilding ind you would soon learn that there was something- the matter with Portland. The Journal tells us to patronize home industry. low are we going to patronize home products? We have no means of knowing what articles are produced here. Is there a Manufacturers' association here? If so. why not publish a list joC their wares once a week, or once a month, or once a year? In that way we would be made familiar with the articles needed. Retail houses here advertise Manhattan shirts, and Ferguson & McKenney shirts, Eastern-made. Did you ever see the Standard shirt, m&d by Ben Neustadter. or the Mount Hood shirt, "made a little better than eeems necessary." made by "Max Fleischner. and advertised by ' local dealers? . I would like to buy : one of those shirts, but where can I find one? I have worn ; feoth - of those shirts,' to my en I say to. manufacturers,"; advertise COMMENT AND SMALL CHANGE Nikolai Lenin, it seems, is "out ag'ia." Have the soldier's old job ready for him when he is ready to take the Job. ' Licking War Savings Stamps leaves a pleasant taste in the mouth. It's worth trying. ' What wonderful romance may be knitted with the yarns the fighting men are bringing back. The returning aviators who got no farther than preliminary training in the air say the only reason they failed to become "aces" was because It wasn't in the cards. ' The editor who" really wants to "start something" can' do so any day he feels inclined to print the "news" that ordinarily Is consigned to the editorial wastepaper basket. Mrs. Peter Birney says she doesn't care how mudh it rains every day in the week except Monday. She wants a clear, windy Monday on which to dry her weekly washing. As some of the girls give their returned, "heroes" the "once over." after they have donned civilian clothes again, they must feel at least a little pang of regret that the war is over. JOURNAL MAN AT HOME By Fred What a lot Portland baa to learn abont trade opportunities in Eaetern Asia. Snd area in the Philippines, is clearly indicated the remarks of an uncommonly well informed Fort-land woman who is quoted by Mr. Lockley today. The status in Siberia in relation to kultor ia also Illustrated by s few such examples aa are printable. J "Lady Nick" is back from Siberia. She is "Lady Nick" to the soldier boys la Siberia and In the Philippines, though to her Portland friends she is Mrs. A. W. Nicholson of 505 College street. Mrs. Nicholson has two sons in the army Major Wheeler Nicholson, recently returned from Siberia and now in command of Custer's old regiment, the Seventh cavalry, and Sergeant C. W. Nicholson, who is still In France. He was In the battle at Chateau-Thierry as well as other hard fought engagements In which our troops participated. "My boys come by their military instinct quite naturally," said Mrs. Nicholson. "My father. Major C. Wheeler, was an officer In the Union army. He was a Virginian. My mother was born in Maryland. When my father espoused the cause of the Union all of hia own family as well as my mother's family disowned him. I was born in Tennessee on the Virginia border. I came to Oregon 22 years ago. "I recently spent nine months in the Philippines. From there I went to Siberia, from which country I have but recently returned. At the reconstruction congrc-j here, one of the speakers said if we established a line of boats to the Orient we would have plenty of our own products to export, but he doubted if we would be able to get return cargoes. Such ignorance of existing conditions is nothing less than a crime. When I investigated conditions in Manila I found that the sugar crops of 1916 and 1917 were still stored in the "go downs" of the planters and that there was no room in the warehouses for the crop of 1918. Much of the 1918 crop has in consequence been wasted. In many places the sugar growers have cut and burned the 1918 crop of sugar cane. Many of the planters have gone broke. Much the same condition exists in Java and Borneo. And then, to'think of our worrying about not being able to secure return cargoes ! Not only is there an immense amount of sugar awaiting shipment but on account of lack of transportation hemp" and its by-products have accumulated there. We can load our ships with sugar, hemp, pin-pin and. Billbid furniture, mahogany and other Philippine products. Some day America will see its opportunity In the development of the hardwood industry of the Philippines and in the rubber" - Industry. It is a shame that Portland does not maintain a Portland-owned and Portland operated steamer line to the Orient "Some day we shall go after the trade of Russia and Siberia as well as the trade of the Philippines. At present, conditions are extremely unsettled. I went from Tsurugi, In Northern Japan, to Vladivostok, in Siberia, by steamer. It took us 48 hours to make the trip. Vladi your wares, and you will be patronized i ... ,v, ovamnle of Arthur Devtra Artie is like his Golden West coffee "Just Right." It would not do a imu . , . o tint nf articles made ltftt iu " " -i , , here, print it on a neat card and give It to every housewife in the city, or se cure, a man like H. S. Harcourt, and I guarantee that he wUl -create a demand for the products. What creates tne aema.nu iui .n. - - -- i am not a professional ad vertlsing man. My .name ana aaare will be furnished by The Journal on application not over tne pnone. a kw days ago I happened to see a small tWO-mcn aispiaj v ... . It looked a shoddy ad for concerns worth millions or oonars. rm wwr 1,1. -.-!-- ink Mntlemcn. and. all nun " - things being equal, you are certain of patronage. iim.&i--Flu Prevention Portland. Jan. 14. To the Editor of The Journal Everybody has his own ideas about the IIU. 1 aiso nave mine. First, let us consider the preventives, u'h.n tho fin ban was out on early In the winter, the streetcar company was .iii tr, ken car windows open. I will venture to say that the very people who advocated mat aia noi nae in streetcar once In three months, but rode i .V- Tir.dk his- rr. nil closed UD BO no cold wind could strike them, while the illfated 6 sent streetcar patron was compelled to ride m an open car wnn k arfnlnwl rrn and a Cold Wind, and Hometimes rain as well, blowing down the back of his neck. Ask any prominent physician, and he will tell you the best way to catch cold is to sit in a draft so that you can get it on your neck and shoulders. -am- th flu mflnk. Mr candid opinion is that they are a joke and do more harm tnan gooa. iou wear uw mask to protect yourself, but how about your neighbor? Take the barber . for Instance. He Is too busy to sterilize his mask or change to a new one. He has worn his mask two hours or more. The outside of the mask is covered with germs. A man gets Into the chair to be shaved. The barber gets busy without changing his mask. What is to hinder the barber from scattering the germs from his mask Into the face of his victim each time he exhales? My idea in regard to- a remedy would be plenty of whiskey not whiskey alone, but whiskey and quinlne heavy on the quinine. In 1889 my mother lived at Rochester, atmn.. whcm um epidemic struck there. It very much re- sembled the present day flu. Her -family physician. Dr. Mayo, assisted by Dr. Cross, prescribed whiskey and quinine, and that only, and beat the disease out, and, as far as my mother can remember, never lost a patient. In conclusion, try to figure how 10,000 shipbuilders are going to be able to wear flu masks to and from their work: .i-n tinw they will look building ships with flu masks on. A aHif-Ul-Llt.tt. - A - Law for Land Grabbers s-w.. Jen 1 5 Trt eha VMttve V ;.V, v - of The Journal I have been watching . - a , V j.tttf! 1mA tmviAm jruur v. .,. - . . - with considerable interest and, know NEWS IN BRIEF OREGON SIDELIGHTS 1 1 .v ;.; ;.-. Ushed at Klamath Falls Jointly by city, county ana tne ttea wrew. Big dances ana inovles. according to the report of the student health committee .at the state university, should be cut out by the students until influenza conditions improve. "When the Bakergrand Jury meets." the Democrat says, "it will find more than the usual amount of . work to do. Two murder cases, a score of oot-leggers and many minor offenders are awaiting the court's inquiry." The Canyon City Eagle of January 10, on the flu situation : "There Is .no flu In this part of the county and it has disappeared except In and around Long Creekand Monument. The DayviUe district escaped it and then developed a case of smallpox." m According to the Capital Journal the recent wintry weather has been exquisitely tempered to the occasion, for fruit men about Salem "are of the opinion that the freezing of the past month will have a tendency to cut short the 1919 .h,4. ant at the same time rhas not been severe enough to Injure. the ran gram. , Lockley vostok Is a regular melting pot of the nations. The only trouble is they don't melt. I saw officers and soldiers of the British, American. Serbian, Japanese, Chinese. French and Russian armies. Beside these there are Rumans and Csechs there. I went by rail from Vlad tvostok to the Manchurian border. My son. Major Nicholson, was at Chita, in the Interior of Siberia The Czechs are doing splendid work in Russia in restor ing order. They cleaned up Harbin, bringing order out of chaos. The former German prisoners In Russia, who are the Instigators and promotors or Boisnevism treat the Czech officers with unspeak able cruelty whenever they can cut off a Czech officer-with a small party of soldiers. A friend of my son, a Czech officer, a splendidly efficient officer and a most charming man, was caught by some German soldiers. His own men came upon him 48 hours later. His ears and nose had been cut -off, his tongue had been torn out by the roots, and he was otherwise mutilated. He was still alive and conscious. He made motions for his friends to-shoot him. They gave him the mercy shot to put him out of his misery. e e . "We see constant accounts In the papers of small wandering bands of Bol-shevikl committing atrocities on the helpless inhabitants, outraging the women, torturing the men, looting the villages and burning isolated farm houses, and most people think these Bol shevik! are Russian soldiers or peasants As a matter of fact, when Russia quit the war hundreds of thousands of Ger man soldiers were released front the Russian war prisons. These former soldiers, with the Russian criminals released from Siberia, are the ones who are committing the outrages we read of. The Russian political prisoner of Si beria is the hope of Russia, but the crim lnal prisoner in Siberia is taking his re venge on society in a terrible manner. Wandering bands of so-called Bolshevik! treat the women of Russia with terrible savagery. The details are too revolting to discuss. I will give you but one ex ample of what is being done to some of the young women of Russia. Young girls, after being violated by German soldiers or Russian criminals, have been found with their ankles tied and their arms spread out. nailed to the floor with spikes through the palms of their hands, and when found they were writhing In agony from having cayenne pepper put in them. "Hindenberg was net tne only German who hated and loathed the Russian people. It is hard to believe that human beings could practice such fiendish cruelty as some of these former German prisoners in Russia have-practiced on the women of Russia and to the Czech soldiers. Come up to my house and will show you photographs that fully prove my statements as to the atrc-'Mes practiced in agonized Russia. We have a big Job ahead of us in replacing Ger man kultur In Russia with western civ ilization." v lng something of their history, I think It Is a shame and disgrace on the fair name of - our state that such things should have gone unchallenged by our officers. There was passed by the legislature of 1917 an act limiting to five years after the passage of the act. the time In which suits to set aside deeds to lands sold prior to January 1, 1897, could be brought. Only about three years remains, therefore, in which to begin such suits. The limitation act IS Indicative of the power the thieves have held over men In public office. If we always had officials who were mindful of the public Interest these things would be aired In the courts rand the land restored to its proper owners the people, But. alas I too few take an Interest In such things, on the right side. The law of limitation referred to, sfm ply relates to a certain class of title- holders, and In that respect, I believe, would be class legislation, and in that light would be unconstitutional. If the rogues were up against such a law, in stead of being Its beneficiaries, it would soon be tested in our courts, but at present It protects them. Now. I would suggest that the legisla ture be bombarded with letters demand lng the repeal of this law and the en actment of another making It mandatory on our authorities to take steps to recover these lands and follow it up to unai settlement In the courts which would mean restoration. If this barrage is heavy enough. It would have the ef fect of a referendum. - F. H. KING. Choke the Anacondas Sllverton, Jan. IS. To the Editor of The Journal In the last issue of The Journal there was an able editorial showing the great danger to the public In allowing the anaconda-like packing trust to continue its all-swallowtng process. In reading this expose the thought came to me t'.iat it would be a very wise thing for our state legis lature, or, perhaps better yet. the fed eral government, to take over the business of all corporations, firms and even individuals when they have been proved to be criminal and working against the public good. The government could run these concerns, dissolve them or sell them to honest parties who would con duct the business In the Interest of all concerned. J. E. HOSMER. Olden Oregon Poor Lo Had His Own Notions Concerning tjxe Genesis of Man. - The center of Indian lore, the Par nassus, the Delphi, of the lower Colum bia river Indians, was the stretch of bluff, plain, sand dune and mountain between the mouth of the Columbia river and Ne-ah-kan-ie mountain. From this region came Tallapus. the Hermes Trismegistvs of the Oregon Indians. Its forests were hunted by the Skookums and Cheatcos. From the pinnacles of Swallalochostr now known iaa Saddle mountain, the thunder bird -went forth daily In quest of a whale, while at the foot of the mountain Quootshoi and Touluz produced the first men from the enormous eggs of the thunder bird. Ragtag and Bobtail Stories From Everywhere Stories From, iluck Last SELLING a turkey for more than beef Is the latest after-the-war stunt, says the Monroe County (Mo.) Appeal. ' William W. Snell, south of Paris. Is the man who did It- His gobbler weighed 40 pounds and brought $9.60. The same day a neighbor had a quarter of beef for sale which Mr. Snell bought at 16 -cents a pound, or $6.40, leaving a balance of $3.20 in favor of the gobbler. Milan Mannering la a. busy man. says the Smith County (Kan.) Pioneer.' He ' finished recently husking 130 acres, of corn, milked nine cows morning and "". night, the cream yielding $25 a week. And Mrs. Mannering.. all she has done Is to take care of the home, care for-f the little Mannerlngs, tend the chickens, "and in, the leisure moments keep Informed on neighboring doings via the phone." ( The Paris (Mo.) Appeal says that Interested crowds recently, watched a vagrant chimney sweep y-y to climb the flag pole on the dome of the Monroe county courthouse, to put the cable back on the pulley -and earn $10. He made several attempts, but finally cava up. The reasons given In the Appeal were merely these: "He was too old. his legs too stiff and his feet too big. the staff, too fragile and the distance to the top too great." Poverty Porertr always pathetic I 1 I tassed the house of a certain nnor rasa And looking through the window 1 saw -Fenian run. crystal chandeliers, a mahogany talking machine, Cut.tei bonbon dtaii. neerl. inlaid tahtea. nor llna Hr.--.no 1 Platinnm ash trays, ' silrer tonthpirk rase, morocco-bound telephone directory. Gold-plated peanut tlirlltr, electric Pomeranian dog-washer. And not a single book. Is there no charitable organixatids To help- this poor pauper T - Philadelphia Erening Ledger. Uncle Jeff Snow Says: Down to Portland you can't go slantwise acrost the streets no more. In my-tiu Lizzie this seems all right, but when afoot it seems some like dum foolishness. The News in Paragraphs World Happenings Briefed for Benefit Of Journal Readers GENERAL Secretary of War Baker denies the published report that he intends to resign from the cabinet. During the week there left France for the United Estates 28.980 troops, making total departures, 178,101. r Judge James V. Coffey, with a record Of 37 years on the superior cotirt bench, js dead at San Francisco, aged 72. -j California Chapter of the American Mining Congress was organized at San Francisco Friday by 200 California men Interested in oil and mining. Guadaloupe, Mexico, opponlte Fabens, Texas, was captured Thursday night by a band of armed and mounted Mexicans who made a , house-to-house search for arms, ammunition and horses, all of which were seized. NORTHWEST NOTES R. Alexander of Pendleton has been elected vice president of the Bank of Hermiston. Operation and maintenance charges ou the Tleton project this year will be approximately $1.78 an acre. Dean Glrard .and Dewey Steel, two Independence boys who went over the ' top In France, returned home this week. Preliminary work has been started, on-the state projects for road construction In Wasco county, which total about $700,- ooo. The sixth boat constructed by the -Sanderson & "Porter shipyard at Ray mond, Wash., was launched last Tuesday. v Should a bill Introduced in the state legislature become a law, aliens will not be 'permitted to teach In Washington schools. Johnnie Melvln, an infant child of Mr. and Mrs. Dell Huston, was the 27th victim In t Hood lUver county of influenza. - Amy Brown, a primary pupil, was run . over by an automobile at La Grands, while on her way to school, and probably fatally injured. . - - Burton Thurston, a veteran of the Civil war, a resident of The Dalles for 60 years, at one time city marshal, died this week at Pendleton. Word has been received at Monmouth that Theodore Halioway, a former hlli school student, was killed in action in ' France on November 3. Plans are under way st Hood River for a memorial monument to the six -young men of that cotwity who were -allied In battle in France. Margaret Simmons, aged IS. daughter of Rev. V. Simmons, suddenly lost her-' sight Friday while giving a recitation in the high school at Fossil. . Because of the constant demand for more teachers, many of the students of the Oregon Normal school have given up their work to take schools for the remainder of the year. The steamer Princess Sophia, which founded on-- Vanderbllt Reef last Oc- -tober. Is still resting on an even keel. It Is believed more bodies may be recovered from the wreck. The Soldiers' and Sailors' clubs room at Seaside has been turned over to the city by the war catnp community service. Trie original cost of the building was $2000. The city will use It as a library and rest room for summer vis- -Hors. FOREIGN The German submarine U-139, ' the world's largest submarine, has arrived at Brest-Bolshevism is Invading Hungary. The country Is in a political chaos and the nation Is declared fast deteriorating into a second Russia. - A trainload of foodstuffs arrived In Vienna Friday, a present from the British army In Italy to the women ' and children of Vienna. The German ex-Crown Prince declares he will commit suicide rather than face criminal trial by a Jury composed whol ly or In part ox jrrencn ana jtsritisn. Walks to Work; Buys W. S. S. With Fares He Saves. r Stories of aehleteaunt In the aeetnnnla-tion ot War Saeings Stamps sent to The Journal and aeeepteble for publication will be awarded S Thrift Sump. When the streetcar company raised Its fare from 6 cents to 8 cents; Hal ; Murray, who bad Just moved Into a cosy Laurelhurst bungalow with his sweet young bride, decided he would not pay the Increased fare he'd walk first. And walk he did, and still does twice daily down to the office where ho is employed, and back again. This dally hike Is not only-saving Murray 12 cents a day, which he Invests In Thrift Stamps, but It has cured Ms dyspepsia, and he feels go much better that he wouldn't ride the streetcars again If the fare was only 2 cents. r Twelve rents a day, six working days a week. Is 72 cents. Murrajr adds eents a week to this and every Saturday buys three Thrift Stamps. .If be keeps this up long enough, hell be able to buy s runabout with his savings, and he's helping Uncle Sam ; the" while. 1919 Thrift Stamps and "War Savings Stamps now on sale at usual agencies.
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