The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on October 29, 1890 · Page 5
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 5

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Wednesday, October 29, 1890
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?i«53 •w l; - '**' ; /V"-*'* i ' ' ••-•••<%* . ' ' , , \ THE UPPER DE8 untKtt*. AT.anNA.tOWA. WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER^ 1890, ltd gfinnre, from hill and glen "Vorld beyond my door, J of marehlng men, Jfrmies of the poof. fie city's lamps St torchlight, in the air; Sugh the evening damps; I the world are there. Mud or clothed In state, deeds not yet made plain, y, tolling late, . I th<? earth remain. j laws as flxed nnd fair j the planets Iti their sweep, „».=.! of each outcast falf HOTVe&t frnttfl of time shall reap. ,,<,„„„„„.,.„., i Bhnll yet bo Wise, J'BfltAmed pulse grow calm Ana still; ilUld flmll sec, the loyal rise. * WBrk in peace Vlmftt wondrous win. ''day, without.a trtimpert's call, J hews will o'er the world tie blown: ij heritage comes back to all I ho myriad monarcbs take their own! FAftM NOTES'. etteinber that cream always loses in Itity by souring; oversourness results ' ';er loss. Thero is gain in bptl • and quality of butter by churning btt as creani is ripe*^* , Dimming trees.this fall bear in mind all wounds made by cutting limb i are an inch or > more in diamete: I'd be covered with paint, graftini |or shellac varnish. fie Maine experiment station has been lucting an experiment in butter-man with cows of different breeds. A .Jlerneys, Holsteins, and Ayrshires wer Masted, and it was found that the cream jbpm the cows giving the poorest milk fSolsteins yielded leas butter by abou; 2 int than the Alderney cream. ,rennial weeds are the worst of e jds on the farm as a rule, for when the i once in the land they hold their ow ™, ««i yearly produce a new crop of seeds t%To*Bet rid of them they must first be kep ifrOm yielding send, then the plant itse b 'bo eradu t oa3ekeet>ers. It is what is done to k«6p ib appearances that destroys the equiub- lam between outgo and income, that inakes life ft df mlstery attd vexation. Ho* to live cheaply is a question easy enough o answer if one will be content with a .heap living. Substitute comfort for how. Put convenience in the place of fash- on. Study simplicity. Refuse to be beguiled into a style of hyinglabove what is featured by you* position in society and a justified* by your resources. Seta fashion of simplicity, neatness, produce and expensiveuess, which others will be glad to follow, and thank jou for intrc duainjr. Teach vurselftodo without a thousand attd one pretty and; showy things which wealthy people purchase, and pride yourself on being just as happy without them as your rich neighbor;? are with them. Put so much dignity, sincerity, kindness, virtue, and love into vour simple and inexpensive home that its t members will never miss the costly fipperies 'and showy adornments, arid be happier in the cosy and comfortable apartments than most ot their wealthy neighbors are in their splendid establishment. It does not follow thot in ordir to live cheaply one must live meanly. The best comforts of life are not costly. Taste, refinement, good cheer, wit, and even elegance, are not expensive. There is no trouble about young people marrying with no outfit but health and love and an honest purpose, provided they will practice the thrift and prudence to which their grandparents owed all their success, and make their thought and love supply what they lack in the means of display. Those who begin ;iife at the top of the ladder generally tumble off, while those who begin at the foot acquire steadiness, courage and strength of arm and will as they rise.—Anon. 011*6* WfeBcletl HoithM on fieath. No human being can rest for any time in a state of equilibrium, whetethe desire to live and that to depait, just balance each other. If one has a house, which ne has lived and always means to live in, he pleases himself with the thought of all the conveniences it offers him, and thinks little of its wants and imperfections. But once having made up his mind to move to a better, every incongruity starts out upon him, until the very ground-plan of it soeins to have changed in his mind; and his thoughts and affections each one packing up his little bundle of circumstances, have quitted their several chambers, and nooks, ancl migrated to the new home, CLIMBING PIKE'S PEAK. An Adventurous lady Made Her Mimi She Would and She Did. How One Air in Feels At .Such Altitude. a the Hiffh long before its apartments receive their bodily tenant. 1'i.ANT YOUU BUUJS. for ust'bo eradicated. If large up; if small, keeping the leaves .ff will eventually kifi them; but the ifpractice of all is to g_et rid of them by ' ugh and repeated tillage, with some .crop, of the land infested, is certain now tbat it is a year of short ibs and high prices. Apples are more 'scarce in both the United States and Canada than for many years. The only "region in which the crop is even lair is in ,'the famous orchards of the Annapolis yal- loy, Nova Scotia, in Maine, and a limited area of Missouri, Kansas, and Tennessee. High prices will range for all fruits, and winter apples will be scarce at 84 and $5 a barrel. Corn, wheat, oats, and potatoes are all short, and prices will range higher than for many seasons heretofore. We are commonly told tliat barnyard manure is a "complete fertilizer." This is only true when it is saved and handled under the very best ot conditions. When it is left lying through the winter in small heaps in the open yard, or right under the eaves of the barn or piled up under cover so as to heat, it is by spring very far from being complete. Unless it can be stacked inder cover and turned frequently, it is letter practice to haul it upon the fields anil spread it as fast as made. If kept in a shed where hogs have run they will keep it well stirred up, especially if a little corn is covered under it once in awhile, but the swine must not be allowed to sleep in it, as * it will scald their skins and get them heated and out of condition. In green manuring the best time to plow Now I« tlio Season of Prcpnrntlon Spring Flowers. Ladles' Homo Journal. I regard fall as by far the best season to plant hardy bulbs, because they have no opportunity to become thoroughly established before spring comes. During the late fall months, before the ground freezes they put forth roots and prepare for the work of the coming spring, and when that they may j sea son arrives they are in proper condition a crop under is just as it _comes into moon, or soon after, It is true that full the nitrogen increases up to the time of maturity; but when it has reached that stage it does not decay so readily, and, in consequence, is not ready so soon to yield up the accumulated store of plant food. By plowing under earlier the fertilizing value will be better distributed throughout the soil, and there will be no annoyance from plants springing up, which will often be the case where the seed has been allowed to ripen. Quality, in green manuring, is hardly less valuable than quantity, because of the mechanical eftect upon the soil. The average potato field this year will turn out a good many small potatoes, and it will be a question how to use them to the best profit. If a good flock of poultry h | is kept it will pay well to utilize them for I" l Ipoultry food. They should be boiled, and I while hot mash with corn meal and bran; feed warm. Give only as much as will be eaten up clean, and not oftener than every other day. The trouble which often results from feeding potatoes to chickens is caused by overfeeding when the fowls are hungry, and by giving the potatoes un- jjxed-with anything else. With none of be domestic animals is a variety ot food .note necessary than in the poultry yard, and those who would a-ain the best results must be continually on the alert to supply this need. One trouble from {ceding too large a quantity of potatoes is that it will have a tendency to make hens lay eggs that have light-colored yelks, which is >ery objectionable. The cornmeal will «'<.elp to remedy this, as will reeding iwhole yellow corn and chopped clover hay. Food that will produce yellow butter will make yellow yelks, and vice versa. Aside from the question of increased productiveness, the quality of fruit trom wees that are well fertilised is enough bet- W' 1 >• *to repay the cost. There is a wide clif- ».' *** /enco of opinion as to the best method ot """ 'wrtilizine 1 the orchard. In some regions it is the practice to leave the orchard in grass ancl give regular top dressing of stable manure. It is doubtful, however, if the trees receive an adequate benent trom thin method. In a short time the sward becomes so thick and heavy that the fertilizer penetrated to any depth very slowly, and is mail „ absorbed by the grass before reaching tho roots of the trees. It the grass is cut for hay the benefit to V the trees is still further lessened. A better plan, where the orchard is in grass, 1 to pasture sheep thtre. These will to grow and produce flowers, which would not be the case if they were not planted till spring. It is true that spring-planted bulbs often bloom quite well, but it is always at the exuense of vitality. The development of roots ancl flowers takes place at about the same time, and the demand made on the vitul strength of the bulb is too much for it to stmd without permanent injury. The flowc-rs will not be so large and line the first seuso/i, nor after that. Therefore be sure to plant your bulbs in the fall if possible. October is the best month in which to do this. If possible, have this work done before the middle of the month. Bulbs can be set any time up to the coming of cold weather with good results, but it is better to give them time to put forth and complete the development of the roots? before winter is at hand. The essentials of success in the culture of this class of plants are: First, a v/cll drained location; seeorrt, a light, rich soil: third, proper planting: and last, but not least by any means, good stock. It is imperatively necessary that the bed in which you plant bulbs should be drained well. It is not impossible to draw sur plus water away from about their roots, do not attempt to grow them, for yon will surely fail with them. Your labor and money will be wasted. It is possible to drain almost any location sufficiently by excavating the bed to the depth of a foot or two, putting in material which .vill not firmly settle together, like broken brick, stones, etc., which will hold up the soil taken from the bed when returned to it. with cracks and crevices through whishthe water can run down and away, to the dep.h of at least eight inches, and ten would be better, after which the soil which was dug out can be put back, adding to it a liberal quantity of old manure. The older and more rotten it is the bettsr it will suit the plants. If the original soil is only of ordinary rich- are ready It is so with the body. Most" persons have died before they expire—died to all earthly longings, so that the last breath is only, as it were, the locking of the door of the ai- ready deserted mansion. The fact of the tranquility with which the great majority of dying persons await this locking of those gates of life through which its airy angels have bom going and coming, from the moment of the first cry, is familiar to those who have been often called upon to witness the last period of life. Almost always there is a preparation made by Nature for unearthing a soul, just as on a smaller scale there is for the removal of a milk- tooth. The roots which hold human life to earth are absorbed before it is lifted from its place. Some of the dying are weary and want rost, the idea of which is almost, inseparable in the universal mind from death. Some aro in pain, and want to be rid of it, even though the anochne bo dropped, as in the legend, from the sword o£ thfi Death-Angel." Some are strong in faith and hope, so that, as they draw neai the next world, they would fain hurry, as the caravan moves faster over the sands when the foremost travelers send word along the file that water is in sight, though each little party 1 hat follows in a foot-track of its own will have it that the water to which others think they are hast ening is a rnirngo, not the less has it been true in all ages and for human beings of every creed which recognized a future, that those who have fallen worn out by their march through the desert, have dreamed at last of a River of Lite, and thought they heard its murmurs as they lay dying. I'rcucli Girls nml American Girls. North American llevlew. The young French girl finds liberty in marriage; the young American girl loses it. Our daughters detach themselves from a family in marrying; the Americans :ji- tcr one; they are suddenly surrounded by a circle, by proprieties, by worldly customs, by social duties, by the exigencies of conjugal fidelity, by the duty of defending o. reputation which has become ""' Pike's Peak is 14,147 Feet From Maniton it is Over 8,000 Light High, "Punch's" celebrated a.lvice to a young man about to marry. "Don't," should be volunteered to those ambitious to ascend Pike's Peak on foot. It is highly probable, however, that the good advice will be wasted. In t'aat case experience is the only teacher. . We are of the misguided number who ^ Eng commov. trans- be the Two or property—all serious things which form their character, this manner of ing, and gradually model them after likeness of their surroundings. lv throe years after her marriage the American girl in France is a woman of the world, and if she could lose her accent nothing would distinguish her from her new circle. Doubtless formerly she commanded and was obeyed; but how far she was from occupying the position which • • -11 _ I FT!...- n n V»rt f\ I f\ »ho occupies in France! True, she did scorned the salutary advice of the experienced. Yesterday morning we sallied fourth, brave, enthusiastic, filled with the new wine of life. In the evening we returned, footsore, dispirited, with_ the weight of centuries upon us. Physically. we were an exhausted, mentally and morally, a sadder and a wiser pair. Manitou is is said to be twelve miles by trail from the Signal Station on the peak The altitude of the town is 6,000 feet that of the mountain 14,147. This ascent of over eight thousand feet accounts in a great measure for the difficulty of the un dertaking. The morning was beautiful. When after an early breakfast, we st in-led out a 7, the sky was as blue and cloudless ae on a Bunny day in April. One side of liskmaii's canyon, where the trnil b wiis bathed in sunshine, the other uarl tind cool in tbe shadow. At half-past 8 we were, resting on th rocks beside the Cascades at tbe Hiilf-waj House, quaffing ice-cold waterfrom-tlm lit tie rubber cup that is the invaluable com panion of all our mountain rambles. Un fortunately ''Half-way Housv'' is a sa< misnomer. There are still ever seven miles beyond it to be traversed, and to the final climb tho first is as child's play. Wo reached timber line soon after 11, and there, while refreshing otir'-.d-.-C!" 'v'u'ii luncheon, we enjoyed the scenery all about, us. At our feet, sheltered on every uide by the mountains, lay a peaceful v.illey. Golden aspens and dark trees covered it, and in its midst, like agreencrysta 1 , glimmered Lake Moraine. Directly opposite there Cameron's Cone, and at our right. Mouran Gnrneld reared its rugged event, At Timber Lake Spring we hud to break the 'ce to get a. drink. Already we had discerned patches of snow here and there in the crevices of the rocks. The keen wind, in spite of the sunshine, made warm wraps a comfort. Only three miles now lay between us and the summit of the redoubtable old mountan. "We will be at the signal station at one o'clock, "confidentially asserted the cap ine tree Cottage—the details of all this will leave to the fancy of the reader, Jotrs ms<H,KV Employed. The letters of Powderly to Lee, which were produced at the investigation of the ate Central strike, were a curious disclosure of the situation of the organization of he Knights of Labor. They showed a jody of workmen secretly combined iiraifist their' employers as their enemies, "he object of the workmen, as represent>d in the letters, was not to do heir work honestly and well as men and itizens, but to arrange and prepare and conspire in order to make a successful demand at a fortunate moment to secure ome advantage. The only reason suggested for such a movement at the tune of ,he correspondence was that the railroad company was "laying off" men, apparent- y for no other reason than that they we'e •nembers of this organization. Now,|we believe "that any honest man in any employment would acknowledge that such a reason was valid. If any such lonestman were himself an employer, and while paying his men the wages they asked, and maintaining perfectly friendly relations with them, he learned that some of them were combined, ancl waiting and watching for a convenient moment to make a demand upon him under threat of ruining hts business if he did not comply, would he'not feel himself entirely justified -••••- • 'as fast as any the same in getting rid of such employes as fai he could? Could he honestly blame that did man or any company thing? Powderly dissuaded Lee Irom encouraging the strike at the time it occurred, but only for the reason that the time was ill- chosen; and he intimated that abettor tinw would be the year of the world s fair, when the enormous traffic of the road and the consequent loss from interruption of communication would induce the company to urtint almost any demand. In view ot the light which these letters throw on euch combinations, no sensible man can be surprised that there is a profound distrust of employes whose Aimliimental principle is not yield to respect, but in return she did not inspire it. Sue had more personal intuition, but she did not govern others; she tormented her mothers, and perhaps led her, but the men of her family did not deferentially asks her counsels. Her husband, in America would ask her advice for nothing. She might be a favored companion in conjugal life; she would not be, as in France, the wife, the friend who shares all the projects of the husband, is associated in all his acts, and makes of conjugal life the noble life in common. ness you cmi safely add one-quarter manure. If the soil is heavy or stiff, it is well to add some charp sand, as this will help to make it porous, thus facilitating early drainage in spring. Have the center of the bed at least six inches higher than the ground about it, so that the water from melting snow and early rain will run off. The CrtineH of Civplt.nl. Ex-PresiUuit Hayes, in opening the 20th annual convention of the national prison congress at Cincinnati, made the following timely remarks: . The crimes of today are due to the business ancl social spirit of today. Consider. There are two classes of crime in all the civilized countries and especiallyjn our own country. The crimes of capital; the crimes of suddon wealth; the crimes of those avaricious for gain money, but for the power, avaricious for the ambition J.11U11OJ ) Wll U * V* V*-1U ff v IT v- i „..,for tho power that money gives; the power over place, over position, over office, over influence, over conventions, over legislative bodies (I hope not yet over courts), but the power of money gained rapidly, not always by the purest means. That spirit leads to purest the crimes 01 those who A9 UV W'*WVM*« ~— 1- 1 J.1 } keep the grass down close and the sward -loropped that droppings and manure • 'Jwill more readily penetrate to some depth. •,'i-Tuey also eat up the wormy, apples and •ihe'pkeep the codling moth in check. It y tbe surface is cultivated the fertilizers will 'dlBOOn reach the tree roots, ana the imit / will have full benefit, as there will be no •Crowing vegetation to take up any part of lit.—James K. ™ are at the top of the wheel of fortune, not always punished, not always convicted, so frequently admiral and envied and held up as the men to be admired wid envied. What a panoraam ot life one sees in central park. As 1 sat in the sunshine on a bench near the M^ll yesterday I saw an incident thut might serve as a scene in a plav. A white-capped nurse, with three children, the youngest a baby not over two years old, occupied a seat near by. A tall, well dressed, fine looking man strolled along, when one ot the two elder children, a fair haired litttle girl of some six or seven brother, wiio might have been a couple ol years older, sprang forward ana clasped his bands. He came up to the nurse, who held the youngest in her arms, and atter speaking to her held out his hand to the infant. The little one didn't recognize GREAT WERT5 THE IIITTITES. Profiles JCnrved in Stone of the Faces of a Groat, and Ancient People. The great peopie known as Kluti (tlit- tites) in the Hebrew, as Khiti in Egyptian, who existed hundreds of years before Christ, formed a powerful state in North Syria and on the Euphrates, from Lebanon to the Great River, being allot it "tho land of the Hittites." Their appearance, was peculiar; always beardless, with very retreating foreheads running back into (i pointed head, thus forming a considerable angle between the lower part of the face and the upper, with very deeply marked facial lines or wrinkles down the siclos of the mouth, and with, the forehead ft mi, perhaps always shaven. A. long ail of hair hung down behind, ancl in :ases it appears to have been double, as wo masses, one on each side of the face, i,re seen in some front views. Their portraits, as seen on their monu- nents, lately discovered in Northern Syria, are strikingly like the representa- i'ons of them on the Egyptian monuments. This people maintained B military supre- nacy in North Syria for many centuries. With Rameses tlie Great, 1,400 _B. C., ,hey wore at constant war, detying the strength of the Egyptians who very narrowly escaped a crushing defeat. Their wwers were so nearly equal that at last a ong treaty was made with honorable stipulations, on both sides, and the daughter of the Hittite king became a wife of Jameses. II. This treaty, however, does not appear to have been tho first, as others between previous kings are mentioned in it. Later on Raineses III. was at war with them, and he carefully specifies, when decorating the outside ot his palace at Medinet Hiibu with the sculpture of the icing of the Khita, that the -luckless ruler "taken captive alive." tain, while the mate who had shared his joys and sorrows for four years, fondly fancied in her heart of hearts that an hour before that time they would have reached their destination. So we rounded Windy Point, and there took to the railroad grade for the final ascent. 0, the weary memory of those last three miles! We had already attained an altitude of 12,000 feet, which increased at every step, ancl at the same time, the difficulty of breathing rapidly became greater. We were soon obliged to stop every forty feet or less for breath and rest. Our lips grew blue, not with cold, although the air was shaep, but from the quickened pulsations of the heart. . After an hour'and a half of laborious climbing we finally arrived at the cluster of tents where the railroad workers are in camp. In reply to our eager inquiry of distance to the summit, the answer, ''A mile and three-quarters" came to daunt our rising hopes. We paused to rally our forces, and recall our waning courage. The road here winds behind the peak. Off to the west and south lies an ocean of hills and mountains in billowy grandeur. In the distance, nearly hidden by haze, we could just descry a second great rango ot the that the employer is their natural enemy, whom they must circumvent in every possible way. Such a view cannot lend" to pleasant relations, nor dispose either the employer or tbe omploje to be friendly. It will naturally, as we say, incline, the employer to do just what the employe would do in his place—get rid ot such employes with all dispatch. Heaving Hie T.uad. West Shore.—From time immemorial those who go down to the sea in ships haw taken some, means of ascertaining the depth of water beneath their vessels when running in shallow and unknown seas, and so fnr back as _any record goes Mm means has been a weiglit attached to a rope. This is technically known as "heaving the lead." the name "lead" being given to the weight, because originally a common piece of that metal was used. Now the lead is especially prepared for the purpose, and is a hexagonal pyramid varying in weight from five to fifteen pounds, _and has a earity in the bottom into which soap is pressed for the purpose of bringing up samples of the ground at the bottom ot the sea, so that"its nature can be ascertained. In heaving the lead on sailing vessel the A Tardy Vengeance. IIBrper's Magazine. That eminent political economist who defined murder as "a salutary check to over-population" was certainly anadVanc- ed theorist in his own way; and, so, too, wns tbe famous surgeon who spoke of ,the battle of Waterloo as "a colossal example of unscientific dissection." But both these admirable men have been completely thrown into the shade by a humbler professor of the came school, who figurea in an adventure that befell no less a person than Sir Walter Scott, i During one of the great novelist's journeys through the north of England he was attacked by a slight indisposition while halting at a small village near the Scottish border, and sent out his servant in quest of a doctor. The man soon returned, and ushered in a stout elderly person, in whom Sir Walter recognized, to his no small surprise, a former servant of his own. "Why, John," cried he, "is this really you?" "Ay, it's me, Sir Waller," answered the visitor; "and I'm verra glad to see ye again. 1 hae gotten some o thae [those] story bocks o' yours yet, and they're jist grand! Whiles [sometimes] I canna sleep, and then I jest tak' ane o' you books ( 0 yours, and read a wee bit, and, wowl I m fast asleep i' five minutes!" "Well, said Scott, laughing good huuioredly at, this rather doubtful compliment, "1m very glad that any books of mine can so much good. But, tell me, John, how came my man to bring you here? I sent him out to fetch me a doctor." . "Wool," replied John with quiet dignity, "I myself am jist the doctor here." Sir Walter was thunderstruck, as well he might be, knowing o_s he did that John was as ignorant of medicine as of Chinese. "I should hardly have thought of your turning doctor. John," said he at length. "Pray what drugs do you use?" "rime jist two o' them, Sir Walter— cnloiny and lodomy (calomel and lauda- "13ut, my good John," cried Scott, shuddering .nvolunturily at the idea of such a phurtnncoproia in such hands, "with drugs like those do you never happen to—ahem— to kill anyone?" "Kill?" echoed John, with a vindictive energy to which no words can do justice. "Kill'the English? It will bo long ere I can male' up forFloclden'" leadsman stations near the cathead. himself well forward In steamships there is up_ LUCKY IATT.L1S ONE. Elaborate Wtirdrolio of J&mmuna Blalne,« Baby Hoy. Baby Blaine-McCormick starts life with a$l,70'0 bassinet and trousseau. The furniture of the toilet basket is ivory bound, with the family monogram inserted in silver, turquoise and small diamonds. The tiny skirts and caps are made of woven silk. All the skirts, dresses and bibs are of pure linen, finished with real Valencennes lace, the beautiful flannels are hand embellished with white silk in Marguerites and rosebud designs, and in the blankets and hirrycoats _the initials are boldly and beautifully raised in art needlework. Not only is the youngster's spoon silver, but the soap box, the rattle and bells, the drinking mug, the fork and platter are of sterling metal, and there are solid gold pins for the baby s handkerchiefs and rings by the dozen tor his babyehin's fingers. generally it small platform at the bow from which the lead is heaved. The leadsman whirls the lead around by the line and casts it us far in front of the vessel as possible By the time the vessel has pro- pressed as fur as the lead the latter has reached the bottom, and the slack ot the wire, been taken in until it is taut, the depth of the water is shown by the tathoni fie ure on the line at the surface. In crossing a bar, or in shallow water whose exact nature is not k:..^, the lead is kept constantly going, andih*' course of the ship is regulated by what it reveal "f the depth of tho water and the nature un the bottom, summers, suddenly gave a little "Oh, papa!" Both " she and her him and drew back. 'Why, baby," said the nurse, "don't n of the subjects talked and written about a good deal at tbe present tune is How to Jive cheaply. Prices of all the . CTeat staples of life are high. Bents aro ts me mg Wants you know that is you papa?" Baby didn't know it, and tears sprang _ into the big man's eyes as he looked wistfully at the little one. , "How are they all?" I heard biro say. "They are all well but Jessie, said the nurse. ' "She has been very sick. I can take her out yet, but she's getting well. he stooped and kissed the two who still clung to him, drew a handker chief across Ms eyes_ and walked, A Galliint J3ecil. An incident of the battle of heard from the great duke Waterloo, himself, was told by Lord Shaftesbury, the philanthropist, to the late Sir Georgs Burns, in whoso biography it is given by Mr. Edwin Hodder. At one moment hi the battle the duke of Wellington was left alone, his aides-de-camp having been dispatched with messages A gentleman in plain clothes D . • i tin T 1.™ «J! was Ulee. Cultivated rice was first produced from a plant called nivara. The wild plants grow on the borders of the lakes in India, and also in Australia. Some wild varieties are quite numerous, some kinds being adapted to marsh lands and some to high lands, tho latter being cultivated like corn. Rice was known in China 2,800 years before Christ. . It is not mentioned in the Bible, but is ref< rred to in the Talmud. It was known in Syria 400 years before Christ was first introduced in Italy in 1468, and in the Carolinas in 1700. The best lands for rice culture a^-e level marshes, where they can be drained and flooded at will. . Louisiana, and especially the parishes of Cameron, Vermillion, and Calcasieu, contain large areas of the finest rice land in the world. The time is not far distant when these lands will produce a large portion of the rice consumed in the United States. At the present time the farmers m the parish of Oaloasieu are raising annually over 25,- OOQ barrels of the finest quality. THE physicians attending the king of Holland had Consultation Monday with, two cabinet ministers, when it was deoid- ' "pM.be condition of the bjng rendered Wft & I0£ft. .Rockies. l<'romthis point on a clear, day it is said Canon City Pueblo are visible. With perseverance worthy a better cause we aro;eand resumed our upward journeying. An occasional giddiness andrina-ing in the ears were additional proofs of increasing altitude. The laborers whom, we passed looked at us, we fancied with pitying wonder that two indididuals of adult age would voluntarily incur so much profitless fatigue and hardship. But they are accustomed to daily exhibitions ot this same lunacy. Some of these men have been working for over a year on the Pike's Peak railway, which is now nea-ing completion. The grading is all done, and 120 men are employed in laying from 600 to 800 feet of track daily. In a week they told us that it would be entirely finished. It was after 2 o'clock when we passed the last of these workmen. "Only half a mile further," he said encouragingly. But that last half mile nearly proved tho last straw as well. It was a steep ascent over rough stones, with absolutely nothing in sight but one desolate waste of rocks and snow. The sun has retreated behind a bank of clouds that momentarily looked darker and more ominious. Half an hour, and three-quarters, passed in slow and painful progress. Every step was an exertion against which the wearied muscles made violent protest. It seemed a pity to show the white feather after such herioc endeavor, but one of the climbers, nt least, was woefully neai it, when lo! a seraph, in cowboy garb and slouched sombrero, camo flying down from above, at imminent jeopardy of life and limb. A seraph, indeed, for he brought us glad tidings: "Just around tie corner," and there, sure enough we discovered, a few minutes later, the haven where we would be, the signal station abandon for the winter by its custodian, but with door hospitably opon to all comers, and a comfortable fare in its big stove, build presumably by the seraph aforesaid. How we longed to bask for hours in its'cheerful warmth! But a. storm was gathering, the moments were flying and twelve miles of return lay before us. • Of the descent through a snow storm followed by the fickh sunshine, of the sudden rode up to him and said: "Can I be of any use, sir?" The duke looked at him and instantly said: Yes; take that pencil- note to the commanding officer (pointing to a regiment in the heat of the engagement). The note was taken and delivered, its bearer galloping through the thick ot the fight to execute his commission. After the battle the duke made every inquiry but never could find out to whom he was indebted for this brave service. He told Lord Shaftesbury that he considered this one of the most gailant deeds that had ever come under his notice, seeing that it was done without prospect of honor or reward.—London Daily News. The tanners of tho World. Writing about a trip through England,/ Prof. Geo. S. Innis says in Farm, Stock; and Home: Allow me in closing this to say that we ought not to be afraid of the English farmer with his slower methods and old machinery, nor grudge him his nearnes^to the markets or the advantage he has gamed through long years of -.wise cultivation of the soil. He seems to love his land, not only for what he can get off it, but for its very self, and in return for his generous care it pours into his bosom the good measure, pressed down and running over. Nor should the farmers of America feel that they iu-e necessarily in a condition of antagonism to the farmers of England or Eurone in general. The formers of the world are not to fight each other, or to rejoice in each other's misfortunes, but to help each other, to study each other s methods, to unite with each other, not for any selfish protection, but for mutual im provement, for mutual instruction and for mutual confederation, the end of which shall be that there will be only one middleman, and he with a narrow margin of profits, between the producer and the consumer in either what the farmer has to l or what he has to buy. Not alone Ireland, but also Austro- Hungury, wants help for destitute peasantry. The consul of that empire in New York issues an appeal iu which he states that in Bohemia, especially in the old city of Prague, in the Muldavian valley, Voravlberg and many other quarters, immense floods have created great damage, estimated at many millions of dollars, and although the work of assistance was promptly undertaken, and the government contributed a great sums, yet thero is need of contributions from without, and even the smallest sums or gifts of clothing, etc., would be welcome. Many square miles ot fertile land have been devastated, their just harvested crops sweot away and the farmers' dwellings carried off with them, in Prague 25,000 persons are stripped ot their little all. London editors receive the following annual salaries, whether they^earn them or not: Mr. Delane, $20,000, and the of the Times, received present editor, Mr CAWTWB1GHT FAVORS Ci'JL \ • KECIPllO- ice, ,ior fall of wigM while we were aspen-covered plateau, or a tea after dark at tbe Half\yaj % downward rush of four mil canyon, whose giant crossing the irried cup of Buckle, receives $25,000; the editor of the Standard is paid $15,000; Mr. Pollock, ot the Saturday Review, $10.000; Mr. Hutton, of the Spectator, $10,000; Edward Lawson, proprietor of the Telegraph, re-1 ceives no salary, but two assistants are paid 317,500. Mr. Burnand, of Punch, §15.000; the editor of the Daily News, $20.000; Mr. Frederick Greenwood, "ihe Casual Pauper" of the St. James Gazette, is paid $9,000. Sage Advice, Ethel—See, I urn making a smoking cap for Charley Sands. I m going to pressnt it to him when he coines home from college. . —Vvhat size are you making the i;thel—No. 7. I looked in his hat before he went away, an.d that was tfae size that was marked m it. Maud- Mftku it two Ethel-Why? " Ho Claims That it Would Kedound to Canada's Interest. RENKKW, Ont., Oct. 20.—Sir Richard.., Cartwright discussed the trade relations, 1 ; - between Canada and the United States before a large audience tonight' 0 _.j, He declared that the policy of the Dominion government in ^ this matter vacillating, and purile, and "j strongly pronounced himself in favor ot ( unrestricted reciprocity with the United (| States. This would be immensely advantageous to the people of Canada. J Killed by a Train. LEVKNWOHTU, Kan., Oct. 22.—An inmate of the soldiers home named Foster was found dead on the reservation this vo ^ morning under a Rapid Transit trestle, 3C j. e J It is supposed that he was overtaken by a ' dummy tram and either jumped or was thrown ofi by the train. TIIEIIK is piwpeet of more trouble be- jween San Salvador and Guatemala. As a condition of peace it was agreed that all war prisoners should be exchanged. President Ezeta politely requests General Barillas to fulfill that condition, and Barillas is in a quandary because all the Salvadoreans were shot when they were captured. The knowledge of this fact makes no difference to Ezeta, who firmly and with all courteous extension of diS' tinguished consideration insitits upon having his men back again. This xs a case where it would be difficult to palm off substitutes for the dead men, and we real I v do not see what Barillas can do if Ezeta, still -ontinues to insist upon nw several thousand pounds of fleah. ' There is a mule down in Coffee county, /' Ga., that has been running wild for sever Vi al months, and still denes arrest. He has < been driven into a lot, but will not let anyone co'ne near him. When a person approaches with a halter the rambijnoUouj animal stands on his fore feet and ojrc",* , lates his hind feet all arpund the hor^os with the rapidity If the scent"of pines is desired branches of the Norway spruce should broken off and placed in a large jug with water. In a few days, rale gr? branches feather pijt, cool.fttt)J,.aoJtt l»t touch ajttd, §11 049*

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