The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on October 29, 1890 · Page 3
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

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Wednesday, October 29, 1890
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r* . -- • '>' - ' •" HUM UntfflM. ALGONA. IOWA. WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER 29, 1890 iflME AND GAUM. for A J*ttot*iifeet. I SrSsrwoftfir stooissos. Id satiftre, ftom hill and glen *"rorId bayohd my door, L of inarching men. Hies of the poo*. j tlty's lamps ..ttotclillght, in the air; r8ugh the oven Ing dampa; % of the world are there. 3ad or clothed in state. „ Seeds dot yet made plain t K'eariv, toiling late, lot all the earth remain. b* laws us Used and fair -uJft the planets in their sweep, BflSft of each outcast fair Wisst fruits o£ time Hhall reap. felt brain shall yetbn Wise, 0 ,dHl6med pulse grow calm and still; 6lHia Sliftll see, the loyal rise. id work in peace Tim#s wondfons will. _Mtty, Without* triimpea's noil. Bis hews will o'er the world lie blown: ^heritage comes back to all I fho myriad monarchs take their own! aernber that cream always losea in itity by souring; oversourness results Beater loss. There is gain in both itity and quality of butter by churning Bon as cream is ripe -* Ptrimming trees.this fall bear in mind II all wounds made by cutting Jiinb ; are an inch or more in diameter ltd be covered with paint, grafting |or shellac varnish. ..le Maine experiment station has been jtducting an experiment in butter-nwk fe with cows of different breeds. Al ierneys, Holsteins, and Ayrshires wer ' ', and it was found that the cream >v ^ the cows giving the poorest milk lolsteins yielded less butter by abou-, 2 ,int than the Alderney cream, .rennial weeds are the worst of jds on the farm as a rule, for when the i once in the land they hold their ow land yearly produce a new crop of seeds iTo get rid of them they must first be kep tefrom yielding seed, then the plant itse Itis'thalisdeme to p appearances that destroys the e ram between outgo and income, that heap living 1 . Substitute comrort tor how. Put convenience in the place of fash- on. Study simplicity. Refuse to be beguiled into a style of livingJaboVe tthat is equired by your position )n society and s justified by your resources. Set a fash- ott of simplicity, neatness, produce and e*pensiveues3, which others will be glad to ! oU6w, and thank jou for ihtrcdusimz. Teach vurself to do without a thousand and one pretty and 1 , showy things^ which wealthy people purchase, and pride yourself on being just as happy without them as your rich neighbors' are with them. Put so much dignity, sincerity, kindness, virtue, and love into vour simple and inexpensive home that its members will never miss the costly fipperies 'and showy adornments, and be happier in the cosy and comfortable apartments than most ot their wealthy neighbors are in their splendid establishment. It does not follow that in ordtr to live cheaply one must live meanly. The best comforts of life are not costly. Taste, refinement, good cheer, wit, and even elegance, are not expensive. There is no trouble about young people marrying with no outfit but health and love and an honest purpose, provided they will practice the thrift and prudence to which their grandparents owed all their success, and make their thought and love supply what they lack in the means of display. Those who begin ;iife at the top of the ladder generally tumble off, while those who begin at the foot acquire steadiness, courage and strength of arm and will as they rise.—Anon. * Wettdeli ttMtftfei 6ft fleath, I No human being can rest for any time in a state of equilibrium, where the desire to live and that to depart, just balance each other. If one has a house, which he has lived and always means to live in, he pleases himself with the thought of all the conveniences it offers him, and thinks little of its wants and imperfections. But once having made vp his mind to move to a better, every incongruity starts out upon him, until the very ground-plan of it seems to have changed in his mind; and his thoughts and affections each one packing up his little bundle of circumstances, have quitted their several chambers, and nooks, and migrated to the new home, long before its apartments receive their bodily tenant, the body. Most persons have died be- fbre they expire—died to all earthly longings, so that the last breath is only, as it were, the locking of the door of the ai- ready deserted mansion. The fact of the tranquility with which the great majority CUMB1E PIKE'S PEAK, An Adventurous tady Made Her Mind She Would and She Did. are ready to It is so with How One Air Feels in At .Such Altitude. a the High Lig-ht Pike's Peak is 14,147 Feet Prom Manitoti it is Over 8,000 YOUR JTALL, BULBS. Now Is tlio Season of Preparation foi- Spring Flowers. Ladles' Homo Journal. I regard fall as by far the best, season to plant hardy bulbs, because they have no opportunity to become thoroughly established before spring comes. During the late fall months, before the ground freezes they put forth roots and prepare for the work of the coming spring, and when_that of dying persons await this locking t of those gates of life through which its airy angels have bom going and coming, from the moment of the" first cry, is familiar to those who have been often called upon to witness the last period of life. Almost always there is a preparation made by Nature for unearthing a soul, just as on a smaller scale there is for the removal tooth. The roots which hold man Lust 'be eradicated. If: large, they may j se ason arrives they are iu proper condition " ........ -------- L1 ....... bulled up; if smnll, keeping the leaves -ffi will eventually kifi them; but the .practice of all is to get rid of them by ough aud repeated tillage, with some crop, r , of the land infested. j is certain now that it is a year of short o"ps and high prices. Apples are more arce in both the United States and lOanada than for many years. The only Iregion in which the crop is even tair is in fthe famous orchards of the Annapolis val- llny, Nova Scotia, in Maine, and a limited i area of Missouri, Kansas, and Tennessee. High prices will range for all fruits, and winter apples will be scarce at S4 and 85 a barrel. Corn, wheat, outs, and potatoes are all short, and prices will range higher than for many seasons heretofore. We are commonly told that barnyard manure is a "complete fertilizer." This is only true when it is saved and handled under the very best, ot conditions. When it is left lying through the winter in small heaps in the open yard, or right under the eaves of the barn or piled up under cover so as to heat, it is by spring very far from eing complete. Unless it can be stacked Jnder cover and turned frequently, it is tetter practice to haul it upon the fields and spread it as fast as made. If kept in a shed where hogs have run they will keep it well stirred up, especially if a little corn is covered under it once in a while, but the swine must,not be allowed to sleep in it, as»it will scald their skixis and get them heated and out of condition. In green manuring the best time to plow a crop under is just as it comes into full moon, or soon after, It is true that the nitrogen increases up to the time of maturity; but when it has reached that stage it does not decay so readily, and, in consequence, is not ready so soon to yield up the accumulated store of plant food, By plowing under earlier the fertilizing value will be better distributed throughout the soil, and there will be no annoyance from plants springing up, which will often be the case where the seed has been allowed toriptm. Quality, in green manuring, is hardly less valuable _than quantity, because of the mechanical effect upon the soil. The average potato field this year will turn out a good many small potatoes, and it will be a question how to use them to the best profit. If a good flock of poultry well to utilize them for should be boiled, and „„.. with cornmeal and bran; feed warm. Give only as much as will be eaten up clean, and not ottener than every other day. The trouble which often results from feeding potatoes to chickens is caused by overfeeding when the fowls are hungry, and by giving the potatoes un"» X ed-with anything else, With none of Jie domestic animals is a variety ot food more necessary than in the poultry yard, and those who would gain the best results must be continually on the alert to supply this need. One trouble from teeding too large a quantity of potatoes is that it will have a tendency to make hens lay eggs that have light-colored yelks, which is . . ,-—LI. i-ni— cornmeal will to grow and produce flowers, which would nut be the case if they were not planted till sprbg. It is true that spring-planted bulbs often bloom quite well, _ but it is always at the exoense of vitality. The development of roots and flowers takes place at about the same time, and the demand made on the vitul strength of the bulb is too much for it to stand without permanent injury. The flowers will not be so large and line of a milk- human _ life to earth are absorbed before it is lifted from its place. Some o£ Ihe dying are weary and want rust, the idea of which is almost inseparable in the universal mind from detail. Some are in pain, and want to be rid of it, even though the anodjne be dropped, as in the legend, from the sword of the Death-Angel." Some are strong in faith and hope, so that, as they draw neai the next world, they would fain hurry, as the caravan moves faster over the sands when the foremost travelers send word along the file that water is in sight, though each little party that follows in a foot-track of its own .will have it that the water to which others think they are hast ening is a mirage, not the less has it been true in all ages and for human beings of every creed which recognized a future, that those who have fallen worn out by their march through the desert, have dreamed at last of a River of Life, and thought they heard its murmurs as they lay dying. Freucli Girls and American (.Iris. North American Review. The young French girl finds liberty in marriage; the young American girl loses it. Our daughters detach themselves from a family in marrying; the Americans "Punch's" celebrated aivice to a young _a,n about to marry. "Don't," should be volunteered to those ambitious to ascend Pike's Peak on foot. It is highly probable, however, that the good advice will be wasted. In that case experience is the only teacher. ' We are of the misguided number who scorned the salutary advice of the experienced. Yesterday morning we sallied fourth, brave, enthusiastic, filled with the new wine of life. In the evening we re turned, footsore, dispirited, with the weight of centuries upon us. Physically we were an exhausted, mentally and racially, a sadder and a wiser pair. Manitou is is said to be twelve miles by trail from the Signal Station on the peak The altitude of the town is 6,000 feet that of the mountain 14,147. This ascen of over eight thousand feet accounts ir a great measure for the difficully of the un dertaking. ,.. , ,„. The morning was beautiful. When after an enrly breakfast, we slnrled out a 7, the bky was as blue and cloudless as on a sunny day in April. One side of ling liftman's canyon, where the trml bop-ins was bathed in sunshine, the other i and cool in the shadow. At half-past 8 we were, resting on th rocks beside the Cascades at the Half-wa House, qnuffing ice-cold wnter trom'-tho lit tie rubber cup that is the invaluable corn panion of all our mountain rambles, ui fortunately "Half-way Housv" is a sa misnomer. There are still over seven miles beyond itto be traversed, and to the fund climb the first is as child's pl;iy. We reached timbpr line soon utter 11, and there, while refreshing ourselves with luncheon, we enjoyed the scenery all about Mne Tree Cottage—the details of all this •will leave to the fancy of the reader, .Totm DIJTOT.EY Employer* ntirt Employed. The letters of Powderly to Lee, which were produced at the investigation of the ate Central strike, were a curious disclos- re of the situation of the organization of heKnitrhts of Labor. They showed a >ody of workmen secretly combined uraitjst their' employers as their enemies. The object of the workmen, as represent- d in the letters, was not to do heir work honestly and well as men and itizens, bah to arrange and prepare and onspire in order to make a succe«stul demand at a fortunate moment to secure ome advantage. The only reason suggested for such a movement at the time of he correspondence was that the railroad company was "laying off" men, apporent- y for no other reason than that they we<-e members of this organization. Now.Jwe believe "that any honest man in ny employment would acknowledge that such a reason was valid. If any such lonestman were himself an employer, and while paying his men the wages they asked, and maintaining perfectly friendly relations with them, he learned that some of them were combined, and waiting and watching for a convenient moment to make , "t 1 » U J1^U i-llMl-trd- f\f TH11-M- the first seuso/i, nor after that. Therefore be sure to plant your bulbs in the fall if possible. October is the best month in which to do this. If possible, have this work done before the middle of the month. Bulbs can be set any time up to the coming of cold weather with good results, but it is better to give them time to put forth and complete the development of the roots before winter is at hand. The essentials of success in the culture of this class of plants are: First, a well drained location; secor rt, a light, rich soil: third, proper planting; and last, but not least by any moans, good stock. It is imperatively necessary that the bed in which you plant bulbs should be drained well. It is not impossible to draw sur plus water away from about their roots, do not attempt to grow them, for you will surely fail with them. Your labor and money will be wasted. It is possible to drain almost any loca'- tion sufficiently by excavating the bed to the depth of a foot or two, putting in material which .vill not firmly settle together, like broken brick, stones, etc., which will hold up the soil taken from the bed when returned to it. with cracks and crevices through which the water can run down and away, to the dep.h of at least eight inches, and ten would bfi better, after which the soil which was dug out can be quantity more rot- Cl it.lin*«j *•« ™*«.-^ r.-i i - 111 tcr one; they are suddenly surrounded by a. circle, by proprieties, by worldly customs, by social duties, by the exigencies of conjugal fidelity, by the duty of defending a reputation which has become com mm property—all serious things which Magazine. That eminent political economist who defined murder as "a salutary check to over-population" was certainly an advanced theorist, in his own way; and, so, too, was tbe famous surgeon who spoke of .the battle of Waterloo as "a colossal example of unscientific dissection." But both these admirable men have been completely thrown into the shade by a humbler professor of the same school, who figured in an adventure that befell no less a person than Sir Walter Scott. . During one of the great novelist s journeys through the north of England he was attacked by a slight indisposition while halting at a small village near the Scottish border, and sent out his servant in quest of a doctor. The man soon returned, and ushered in a stout elderly person, in whom Sir Walter recognized, to his no small surprise, a former servant of his own. "Why, John," cried he, "is this really you?" "Ayi it's me, Sir Waller," answered the visitor; "and I'm verra glad to see ye again. 1 hae gotten some o thae [those] story bocks o' yours yet. and they're jist " ^ • -«-r-r» « i r i • . IT -__ -.1 i_ a demand upon him under threat of ruining lua business if he did not comply, would he'not feel himself entirely justified in getting rid of such employes as fast as he could? Could he honestly blame any man or any company that did the same thing? Powderly dissuaded Lee from encourag- iiifc'lhe strike at the time it occurred, but only for the reason that the time was ill- chosen; and he intimated that abettor tinirt would be the year of the world s fair, when the enormous traffic of the road and the consequent loss from interruption of communication would induce the company to grant almost any demand. In view ot the light which these letters throw on eucli combinations, no sensible man can be surprised that there is a profound distrust of employes whose fundamental principle is that the employer is their natural enemy, whom they must circumvent in evorv possible way. Such a view cannot lend" to pleasant relations, nor dispose either the employer or the emploje to be friendly. It will naturally, as we say, incline the employer to do just what tun employe would do in his place—get rid ol such employes with all dispatch. grand! Whiles [sometimes] I canna sleep and then I jest tak' ane o' you books o yours, and read a wen bit, and, wowl I m fast asleep i' five minutes!" "Well, said Scott, laughing good huinoredly al this rather doubtful compliment, "iV very glad that any books of. mine can so much good. But, tell me, John, how came my man to bring you here? I sent him out to fetch me a doctor." "Weol," replied John with quiet dignity, "I myself am jist the doctor here." Sir Walter was thunderstruck, as well he might be, knowing as he did that John was as ignorant of medicinp as of Chinese. "I should hardly have thought of your turning doctor, John," said he at length. "Pray what drugs do you use?" "I'hao jist two o' them, Sir Walter— calomy and lodomy (calomel and lauda- "But, my good John," cried Scott, shuddering .nvoluntarily at the idea of such a pharmacopoeia in such hands, "with drugs tike those do you never happen to—ahem— to kill anyone?" . . "Kill V" echoed John, with a vindictive energy to which no words can do justice. "Kill"theEnglish? It will be lang ere I can male' up forFlodden 1 " transform their character, this manner of be ing, and gradually model them after the likeness of their surroundings. Iwoqr three years after her marriage the American girl in France is a woman of the world, and if she could lose her accent nothing would distinguish her from her new circle. Doubtless formerly she commanded and was obeyed; but how for she the At our feet, sheltered on every nidi) by U1JD mountains, Jay it peaceful v.ille.v. Goldosi aspens and dark trees covered if, and in its midst, like agreencrysta 1 , glimmered Lake Moraine. Directly opposite there Cameron's Cone, and at our right. Mounui Garfield reared its rugged crest. At Timber Luke Spring wo had to break the'ce to a-ct a drink. Already we had discerned patches of snow here and there in the crevices of the rocks. Tbe keen wind, in spite of the sunshine, made warm wraps a comfort. Only three miles now lay between us and the summit of the redoubtable old mountan. mumiuu nun vY. ra —^jv-, — . "We will be at the signal station at one was from occupying the position winch | o ' c i oc k/' confidentially asserted the cap- LUCKY ONE. ; tne oest prom, n * j * is kept it will pay w( lilpoultry food. They ' while hot mash wit ' 'W 34>elp objectionable, to remedy this, as will feeding M whole yellow corn and chopped clover hay. j'ood that will produce yellow butter will make yellow yelks, and vice versa. Aside from the question of increased productiveness, the quality of truit trora ' trees that are well fertilized is enough bet- f Jf Nto repay the cost. There is a wide dif\'V\ /enco of opinion as to the best method ot iWtilizing the orchard. In some regions it is the practice to leave the orchard in grass and give regular top dressing ot stable manure. It is doubtful, however, if the trees receive an adequate benefit trom this method. In a short time the sward becomes so thick and heavy that the fertilizer penetrates to any depth very slowly, and is mail. „ absorbed by the grass before reaching the roots ot the trees. It the grass is cut for hay the benefit to the trees is still further lessened. A better plan, where the orchard is in grass, is to pasture sheep thtre. These will keep the grass down close and the sward cropped that droppings and manure will more readily penetrate to some depth. They also eat up the wormy apples and •ahe'pkeep the codling moth in check. If 4 the surface is cultivated the fertilizers will 'laoon reach the tree roots, and the fruit will have full benefit, as there will be no trowing vegetation to take up any part of | it.—James K. Keeve^ Economical Living. One of the subjects talked and written about a good deal at the present time is how to live cheaply- Pnow of all the *w.w. M* 8of , ifeare fcigij. Rents are Fashions are exacting. Wants i resources, diminish. .How strap w»d bu,ok.le wet u fee » ,«J*V £ „ „., fepdrgdj #| put back, adding to it a liberal of old manure. The older and ten it is the bettsr it will suit the plants. If the original soil is only of ordinary richness you can safely add one-quarter manure. If the soil is heavy or stiff, it_is well to add some sharp sand, as this will help to make it porous, thus facilitating early drainage in spring. Have the center of the bed at least six inches higher than the ground about it, so that the water from melting snow and early rain will run off. The Crimea of Capital. Ex-Presiduit Hayes, in opening the 20th annual convi-ntion of the national prison congress at Cincinnati, made the following timely remarks: . Tbe crimes ot today are due to the business and social ?pmt of today. Consider. There are two classes of crime in all the civilized countries and especially^ our own country. The crimes of capital; the crimes of sudden wealth; the crimes ot those avaricious for gain, avaricious for money, but for the power, the ambition for the power that money gives; the power over place, over position, over office, over influence, over conventions, over legislative bodies (I hope not yet over courts), but the power of money gained rapidly, not always by the purest means. That spirit leads to the crimes 01 those who VV HO 1J.U1JJ. v^vyMfj -*•£) i:- - ., - fihc occupies in France! True, she did not yield to respect, but in return she did not inspire it. She had more personal intuition, but she did not govern others; she tormented her mothers, and perhaps led her, but the men of her family did not deferentially asks her counsels. Her husband in America would ask her advice tor nothing. She might be a favored companion in conjugal life; she would not be, as in France, the wife, the friend who shares all the projects of the husband, is associated in aU his acts, and makes of conjugal life the noble life in common. GREAT \VERT5 THE IIITTITES. Profiles '..Carved in Stono of the Faces of a Great and Ancient People. The great peop.e known as Khiti (tiit- titcs) in the Hebrew, as Khiti in Egyptian, who existed hundreds of years before Christ, formed a powerful state in North Syria and on the Euphrates, from Lebnuoii to the Great River, being all ot it KM I....! ~j!i.l-,, TJ!ll-:4-nr, " r PVioiv n-nnpnr- 'the hind of the Hittites. ance was peculiar; always Their appear' beardless, with are at the top of the wheel of fortune, not always punished, not always convicted, so frequently admired and envied and held up as the men to be admired «.nd envied. What a panorama ot lite one sees in central park. As 1 sat in the sunshine on a bench near the TVL-.ll yesterday 1 saw an incident that might serve as a scene in a play. A white-capped nurse, with three children, the youngest a baby not over two years old, occupied a seat near by. A tall, well dressed, fine looking man strolled along, when one of the two elder children, a fair haired litttle girl of some six or seven summers, si-ddenly gave a little shout, "Oh, papa!" Both she and hei brother, who might have been a couple oi years older, sprang forward and claspec ' " ' " Pie c pwttj. to. y GUI a VMU*-". | "i-'t *"* O — -, i his hands. Pie came up to the nurse, who held the youngest in her arms, and alter speaking to her held out his hand to the infant. The little one didn't recognize him and drew back. "Why, baby," said the nurse, "don you know that is you papa?" Baby didn know it, and tears sprang _ into the big man's eyes as he looked wistfully at tni little one. , . T , ,,. "How are they all? I heard him say. "They are all well but Jessie," said th nurse. '"She has been very sick. Jean take her out yet, but she's getting well. The big man said something almost m whisper, and the nurse replied. She well, but said nothing more. Suddenly he stooped and kissed the two children who 'still clung to him, drew ft handker chief across his eyes and walfeecl away. The children, said nothing, 111 kirn with/a b« tllJVAs »Vt*O JJX.VIA1 AHJ* j **• II "-J — — 11 * very retreating foreheads running back into n pointed head, thus forming a considerable angle between the lower part ot the face and the upper, with very deeply marked facial lir.es or wrinkles down the sides of the mouth, and with, the forehead rten, perhaps always shaven. A long ail of hair hung down behind, and in axes it appears to have been double, as wo masses, one on eaah side of the face, re seen in some front views. Their portraits, as seen ou their nionu- lents, lately discovered in Northern syria,, are strikingly like the representa- i'ons of them on the Egyptian monuments, 'his people maintained B military supre- nacy in North Syria for many centuries. Vith Barneses the Great, 1,400 B. C., hey were at constant war, detying the trength of the Egyptians who very nar- owly escaped a crushing deteat. llieir rowers were so nearly equal _ that at last a ong treaty was made with honorable tipulations. on both sides, and the daugh- er of the Hittite king became a wite 9' lamesesll. This treaty, however, do lot appear to have been th« first, as othe- jetween previous kings are mentioned it;: t Later on Barneses III. was at war" vith them, and he carefully specifies, when decorating the outside ot his palace it Medinet Habu with the sculpture of the dng of the Khita, that the -luckless ruler was "taken captive alive." Kloe. Cultivated rice was first produced from a plant called nivara. The wild plants OTOVV on the borders of the lakes in India, and also in Australia. Some wild varie- •ies are quite numerous, some kinds being adapted to marsh lands and some to high lands, the latter being cultivated like corn. Bice was known in China 2,800 years before Christ. It is not mentioned in the Bible, but is retired to in the Talmud. It was kr.own iu Syria 400 years before Christ was first introduced in Italy in 1468, and in the Carolinas in 1700. The best lands for rice culture a>-e level marshes, where they can be drained and flooded at will. . Louisiana, and especially the parishes ot Cameron, Vermillion, and Calcasieu, contain large areas of the finest rice land m the world. The time is not far distant when these lands will produce a large portion of the rice consumed in the United States. At the present time the farmers in the parish of dalcasieu are raising annually over 25, 000 barrels of the finest quality. THE physicians attending the king of Holland had Consultation Monday with two cabinet ministers, when it was deuid- condition of tt" ' •'"""•' tain, while the mate who ha.d shared his joys and sorrows for four years, fondly fancied in her heart of hearts that an hour before that time they would have reached their destination. So we rounded Windy Point, and there took to the railroad grade for the final ascent. 0, the weary memory of those last three miles! We had already attained an altitude of 12,000 feet, which increased at every step, and at the same time, the difficulty of breathing rapidly became greater. We were soon obliged to stop every torty feet or less for breath and rest. Our lips grew blue, not with cold, although the air was shaep, but from the quickened pulsations of the heart. . After an hour'and a half of laborious climbing we finally arrived at the cluster of tents where the railroad workers are in camp. In reply to our eager inquiry of distance to the summit, the answer, "A mile and three-quarters" came to daunt om' rising hopes. We paused to rally our forces, and recall our waning courage. The road here winds behind the peak. Off to the west and south lies an ocean of lulls and mountains in billowy grandeur. In the distance, nearly bidden by haze, we could just descry a second great range ot the Rockies. From this point on a clear day it is said Canon City Pueblo are visible. With perseverance worthy a better cause we aroie and resumed our upward journeying. An occasional giddiness and. ringing in the ears were additional proofs of increasing altitude. The laborers whom we passed looked at us, we fancied with pitying wonder that two indididuals of. adult age would voluntarily incur so much profitless fatigue and hardship. But they are accustomed to daily exhibitions ot. this same lunacy. Some of the.se men have been working i'or over a year on the Pike s Peak railway, which is now nea-ing completion. The grading is all done, and 120 men are employed in laying from 600 to 800 feet of track daily. In a week they told us that it would be entirely finished. It was after.2 o'clock when we passed the last of thea workmen. "Only half a •pile further."\,e said encouragingly. But -chot last half mile nearly proved the last straw as well. It was a steep ascent over rough stones, with absolutely nothing in sight but one desolate waste of rocks and snow. The sun has retreated behind a bank of olouds that momentarily looked darker and more ominious. Half an hour, and ;hree-quarlers, passed in -slow and pam- Eul progress. Every step was an exertion against which the wearied muscles made violent protest. It seemed a pity to show the white feather after such herioc endeavor, but one of the climbers, nt least, was woefully neai it, when lo! a seraph, in cowboy garb and slouched sombrero, camo flying down from above, at imminent jeopardy of life and limb. A seraph, indeed, for he brought us glad tidings,.; 'Just around tLe corner," and there, sure enough we discovered, a few minutes later, the haven where we would be, the signal station abandoa for the winter by its custodian, but with door hospitably open to all comers, and a comfortable fire in its big stove, build presumably by the seraph aforesaid. How we longed to bask for hours in its "cheerful warmth! But a storm was gathering, the moments were flying and twelve miles of return lay before Himvlng tlie I.ond. West Shore.—From time immemorial those who go clown to the sea in ships have taken some means of ascertaining the depth of water beneath their vessels when running in shallow and unknown seas, and so far back as any record'goes thia means has been a weight attached to a rope. This is technically known as "heaving the load." the name "lead" being given to the weight, because originally a common piece of that metal was used. Now the lead is especially prepared for the purpose, and is a hexagonal pyramid varying in weight from five to fifteen pounds, and has a cavity in the bottom into which soap is pressed for the purpose of bringing up samples of the ground at the bottom ot the sea, so that"its nature can be ascertained. in heaving the lead on sailing vessel the leadsman stations himself well forward near the cathead. In steamships there is generally tt small platform at the bow from which the lead is heaved. The leadsman whirls the lead around by the line and casts it as far in front of the vessel as possible. By the time the^ vessel _ has pro- the the Elaborate Wardrobe of Eiiiinons Illalne,* Baby Boy. Baby Blaine-McCormick starts life with aSl.70'0 bassinet and trousseau. The furniture of the toilet basket is ivory bound, with the family monogram inserted in silver, turquoise and small diamonds. The tiny skirts and caps are made of woven silk. All the skirts, dresses and bibs are oE pure linen, finished with real Valencennos lace, the beautiful flannels are hand embellished with white silk in Marguerites and rosebud designs, and in the blankets and larrycoats _the initials are boldly and beautifully raised in art needlework. Not only is the youngster's spoon silver, but the soap box, the rattle and bells, the drinking mug, the fork and platter are of sterling metal, and there are solid gold pins for the baby s handkerchiefs and rings by the dozen tor his baby?hip's fingers. pressed a's far as the lead the latter reached the bottom, and the slack ot wire been taken in until it is taut, depth of the water is shown by the fathom figure on the line at the surface. In crossing a bar, or in shallow water whoso exact nature is not l;:.-'-'\ *he lead is kept constantly going, andiln- course of the ship is regulated by what it reveal of the depth of the water and the nature ui the bottom, A Gallant J)ee<l. An incident of the battle of Waterloo, himself, was heard from the great duke told by Lord Shaftesbury, the philanthrop 1st, to the late Sir Georgs Burns, in whoso biography it is given by Mr. Edwin Hodder At one moment in the battle the duke of Wellington was left alone, his aides-de-camp having been dispatched with messages. A gentleman in plain cothes rode up to him and said: "Can I be ot any use, sir?" The duke looked at him and instantly said: Yes; take that pencil- note to the commanding officer (pointing to a regiment in the heat of the engagement). The note was taken and delivered, its bearer galloping through the thick ot the fight to execute his commission. Atter the battle the duke made every inquiry but never could find out to whom he was indebt/ -1 for this bravo service. He told Lord fsi^tesbury that he considered this one orSfenost gailant deeds _that had ever comeHinder his notice, seeing that it was done without prospect of honor or reward.—London Daily News. The farmers of the World. Writing about a trip through England,^ Prof. Geo. S. Innis says in Farm, Stock and Home: , Allow me in closing this to say that we ought not to be afraid of the English farmer with his slower methods and old machinery, nor grudge him his nearnes^to the markets o'r, the advantage he has gained through long years of ,wise cultivation of the soil He seems to love his land, not only for what he can get off it, but for its very self, and in return'for his generous care it pours into his bosom the good measure, pressed down and running over. Nor should the farmers of America_ feel that they are necessarily in a condition, of antagonism to the farmers of England or Europe in general. The farmers of the world are n/ fight each other, or to re- r's misfortunes, but to / to study each other's ,..e with each other, not for iction, but for mutual im ui.uT«.. Cf . mutual instruction and for mutual 6 jeration, the end of which shall be] /there will be only one middleman/ d he with a narrow margin of profits, 'i^jffween the producer and the consumer iu either what the farmer has to «ll or what he has to buy. ioice in oaf help each ,/ methods, / any selfisf e/ FAVOBS Ol -1. J.» HECIPRO- Not alone Ireland, but also Austro- Hun<wy, wants help for destitute peasantry "The consul of that empire in New York issues an appeal in which he states that in Bohemia, especially in the old city of Prague, in the Muldavian vull_ey, Vorarlbprg and many other quarters, immense floods have created great damage, estimated at many millions of dollars, and although the work of assistance was promptly undertaken, and the government contributed a great sums, yet there is need of contributions from without, and even the smallest sums or gifts of clothing, etc., would be welcome. Many square nules ot fertile land have been devastated, their just harvested crops sweit away _and the farmers' dwellings carried off with them, in Prague 25,000 persons are stripped of their little all. London editors receive the following annual salaries, whether they earn them or not: Mr. Delane, of the Times, received $20,000, and the present editor, Mr. Buckle, receives $25.000; the editor of the Standard is paid $15,000; Mr. Pollock, of the Saturday Review, $10.000; Mr. Hutton, of the Spectator, $10,000; Edward Lawson, proprietor of the Telegraph, receives no salary, but two assistants are paid §17,500. Mr. Burnand, of Punch, $15,000; the editor of the Daily News, $20000; Mr- Frederick Greenwood, "Ihe Casual Pauper" of the St. James' Gazette, is paid $9,00q.__ __ 8»ge Ethel— See, 1 mn ton fe I orfc us. Of the descent through a snow storm followed by the fickh sunshine, of the sudden fall of night lyhilewewere aspen-covered plateau, of a I tea after dark at the Halfw_a; ft downward rush of four canyon crossing the •ried cup of flpy&e, and thjrwgljthe rro- L^* , making a smoking , cap for Charley Sands, fm going to pressnt it to him when he comes home from college. . ^-What siz.e are you. «iak«ig the went awa y, «• - I locked in Ms a&d; • A Ho Claims That It Would Iledound to Cau- uda's Interest. t " - ' BENKKW, Ont., Oct. 20—Sir Richard-^ Car^wright discussed the trade relations.; between Canada and the United States be-' fore a large audience tonight He declared that the policy of the Dominion government m this matter vacillating and purile, and strongly pronounced himselt in favor ot unrestricted reciprocity with the United States. This would be immensely advantageous to the people of Canada, Killed by a Train. . LKVKNWOKTH, Kan., Oct. 22.—An inmate of the soldiers home named Foster was found dead on the reservation this morning under a llapid Transit trestle, It is supposed that he was overtaken by a dummy hwu and either jumped or was thrown off by the train. THERE is piwpect of more trouble be' jween San Salvador and Guatemala. As a condition of peace it was agreed that all war prisoners should be eicchanged. President Ezeta politely requests General Barillas to fulfill that condition, and Barillas is in a quandary because all the Salvadoreans were shot when they were captured. The knowledge of this fact makes no difference to Ezeta, who firmly and with all courteous extpnsion of distinguished consideration insists upon haying his men back again. This is a case where it would he difficult to palm off substitutes for the dead men, and we, really do not see what Barillas can do It Ezeta still "ontinues to insist upon his several thousand pounds of flesh. There is a mule down in Coffee county, Ga., that has been running wild for seve? al months, and still defies arrest. He baa been driven into a lot, but will not Let anyone come near him. WhenL» person approaches with a halter the rambunQtioui animal stands on his fore feet and ojrcjji lates his hind feet all around the nowQ» with the rapidity _oJjLpy^°S?i If the ecent o! pines is desired ia g-.pMft branches of the Norway spruce $o,u brofeen of »nd pl&wi in u i lajge_juf

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