The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on August 13, 1890 · Page 2
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The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

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Wednesday, August 13, 1890
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is, 30NA, IOWA, JU. Tflfi electric light companies which long and bitterly fought the in- lawful taking of human means of electricity achieved their > freatest victory at tbe moment of their ; greatest defeat. No legal or logical argn & tent against electrocution can equal in £!' jrotency the material one presented by the £; ftetual application of the new method. A tottNa New Yorker is going to Germany to stand his trial on the charge of having used seditious and treasonable language regarding the Emperor William. He was arrested in Berlin last spring and Released on bail. "I cough at the Emperor" is what he is alleged to have said. This sounds to American ears more like rudeness than treason. But the young monarch has frequently shown that he is a very sensitive person. THE census attempt to obtain a complete directory ot the living veterans of the war is said to be a partial failure. All the names are recorded, but it) has been impossible in thousands of cases to get information ai to the time of service and the b'rigadfls and regiments where performed, through the inability of soldiers to recall the facts. This will be a disappointment to the Grand Army, which was especially anxious that the work be done. SOME feminine writers, thinkers and philosophers have been discussing the un- wisdom of educating American women abroad. The dreadful example wus cited of two girls thus brought up who became good scholars, excellent needle-women, accomplished cooks and finished housekeepers,—but, and alas! they were so "shy and retiring" that they entirely failed to achieve a "social success" on returning to their native land. Probably the poor things couldn't talk slang; but all the same, a few girls of-;this general description 'would not come amiss in these United States. A WKiTBn in the last number of the Arena gives a dismal forecast of mundane affairs during the next quarter of a century. He predicts revolutions oil over Europe, and asocial upheaval, followed by a war lasting from 1906 to 1916, in tho United States. But antedating that event there will be-a great earthquake and a tidal wave that will submerge the Atlantic coast from New Orleans to New York. All the great seaboard cities will be engulfed. This will certainly be a heavy calamity. But its horrors will be measurably mitigated by the reflection thnt the Arena writer and a great many other cranks and dreamers will join McGinty when the catastrophe comes. A WHITER in the lost number of the Arena gives a dismal forecast of mundane affairs during the next quarter of a century. He predicts revolutions all over Europe, and a social upheaval, followed by a war lasting from 1906, to 1926, in the United States. But antedating that event there will be a great tidal wave that will submerge the Atlantic coast from New Orleans to New York. All the great seaboard cities will be engulfed. This will certainly be a heavy calamity. BuHts horrors will be measurably mitigated by the reflection that the Arena writer and a great many other cranks and dreamers will join McGinty when the catastrophe THE indications are that the authorities in Cuba are using greater efforts to suppress information concerning the extent and seriousness of the epidemic of yellow fever now prevailing there than to eradicate, or at least prevent, the spread of the disease itself. At Cienlnegos, according to private advices received in New York by commercial houses, all the hospitals are full, and special baildings have been fitted up for the care of new patients, while in Havana from forty to fifty new cases are reported daily. The local press is practica-l- ,ly muzzled, and speaks very guardedly on the subject. The disease seems to be of a bad type, and many deaths are reported. It is to be hoped that the national authorities are fully cognizant of all the facts in the case, and that steps will promptly be taken to prevent the introduction of the epidemic into this country. Here in the north we are comparatively safe, but the cities of the south are especially exposed, and the governmint owes it to them to leave nothing undone that will protect them. Prevention is a thousand times better than cure, and the time to set up the most rigid safeguards is now. CANADA is becoming pretty thoroughly Americanized in the matter of monopolies, trusts, combinations and kindred organizations for private gain at the public expense. About a year ago four large distilleries, controlled by capitalists in Ontario, formed a trust, and demanded of and received from tho government an order that all whisky distilled within the Dominion should be stored for two years bo- fore being offered for sale at home or being shipped to a foreign market. This ut once shut off the competition of all smaller distilleries that could not command unlimited capital. In the course of tho year tbe great trust of four secured control of the whisky in store in the Dominion, and a few days ago raised the price 10 cents a gallon. One individual holding a stock representing 4,000,000 gallons, sold out at once and pocketed $400,000 over and above tho commercial value of the whisky. If our American trust hud been handling that whisky it would have shipped on 100 cents instead of 10 cents a gallon. Our monopolists don't take things on installments—they take it all at once. But the Canadians are advancing. HTEST NEWS CONMMU, GENERAL NOT ES. Tflfi New York post office is ft good investment, it netted the government nearly four million* last year. TttB Cam of Russia indulges in youthful pleasures. He is still a collector oi postage stamps and birds' eggs. THB Census Bureau at Washington announces the population of Philadelphia at a rough count, to be 1,644,894. The British steamer Lord RagUn, which Sailed from San Francisco February 26, and has not been heard of since, has been given up for lost. Mit.wAUKfcE now feels ceitaih of getting $2,000,000 from the government for a public building. Tns execution of Ketnler by electricity at Auburn, N. Y., on Wedfteedny [morning is said to have been a bungling affair The -wretch was so badly hurt however thai he died. INFOTIMATION reached here from the City of Mexico that Jay Gould 'has purchased the magnificent castle of Chapultepeu, thepriw paid being 85,000,000. It is said that he will make it his winter home. THE revised returns of the Salt Lake county election show that the liberals elected the assessor, selectman, surveyor, attorney, coroner, clerk and treasurer, The Mormons elected the sher j iff and recorder. THE visible supply of grain on Saturday August 2, as compiled by the New Tort Produce Exchange, was us follows: Wheal 18,472.679 bushels, increase 80,861 j corn 12,064,852, increase 44,152; oats 2,580,837, decrease 97,854i rve 464,098. do- OOI) UcUICllHU J7I tOUt) 1 vc t\rx t \/wt «--. crease 42,091; barley 899,996, increase 11,110. THE rain fall in Tucson, Ari. T., during the last few days is unprecedented. All the streams ore Hooded and there is much destruction of property in the valley. The Sanla Cruz river is a mile and a half wide opposite Tucson. Many thousand dollars' worth of garden truck has been lost. The river is still rising. A COMPANY to fish for pearls, and to advance the interest ol pearl fishing generally in that section, has been organized at Georgetown Wis. One or two Chicago men of means are interested in the enterprise. Rales ol pearls found in that section during the last six days amount in the aggregate to 813,000 Lee Jackson, of Monroe, received 8300 for one of the gems, the highest price paid for any in the lot. FOREIGN. THE French government has granted an amnesty to all persons convicted of of fensesin connection with labor riots. THE cholera has appeared in the Spanish province of Bndujo, on the Portuguese frontier. AT the request of tho German Government, England has ordere:! one man-of- war now at Buenos Ayrcs to protect the interests of the German? residing in that city. ANOTUEB explosion of fire-damp has oc- cured in a coal pit at St. Etienne, France. One hundred and fifteen men succeeded in making their escape uninjured. Five others were seriously hurt. GEN. MOLINA GUIKOLA, minister ol war for Salvador, has telegaaphed to Senor Feu, the Sah'udoriun consul at the Citv of Mexico that the affairs with Guatemala are in a state of status quo. FRANCE has sent an ultimation to Daho mey, demanding the cession of Ketonou and Whyday. If the demand is rejected, an expedition, to be composed chiefly ol Senegalese Arabs, will start for Dahomey in October. A SAN SALVADOR dispatch says thai General Miranda, an accomplice of the traitor Rivas, who aspires to the presiden cy of San Salvador, has been routed and San Salvador is now freed from the marauding bands. PAWS. — Eyraud, the murderer ol Notary Uouffe, has attempted suicide. He tore his shirt into strips, twisted them together to form a rope, and with it attempted to choke himself to death. But for a timely discovery he would have succeeded. A DISPATCH from Sun Salvador says that General Trungaray, ut the head of the Guatemalan revolutionists, has taken Chiquinialu, near the capital, and that the loss of this place has obliged the Guatemalan government to concentrate its troops toward the capital. WASHINGTON'. THE Senate committee has taken up the anti-Lottery bill, prepared at the Post Office Department, and which was reported favorable to the House last week. Some doubt was expressed as to the constitutional right of congress to interfere with matter entrusted to tho mails, and the bill was referred to a sub-committee consisting of Senators Sawyer, Mitchell and Iteagan for examination and report. NEW YORK.— When John S. Clarkson retires from the office of first assistant postmaster-general in September he intends to leave the United States—in all probability forever. Mr. Clarkson has been engaged for some time in winding up' his business affairs in Iowa and the east, and proposes to go to Japan, where he will become connected with a large commercial corporation, backed by a syndicate of American and foreign capitalists. 1'IBES AND CASUALTIES. THAT the proposed anti-lottery bill now before Congress will be in u lurge measure effective if passed, is confessed by tho angry protest against it by the lottery mouthpiece, the .Times-Democrat of New Orleans. According to that newspuper this Bingham bill for dissolving the partnership now existing between the lottery companies and the postofficc is u measure of "first-class despotism;" "it seeks to override the rights of citizens and of corporations as such;" it is "sheer despotism und the grossest invasion of individual and corporate ri«hts"—and more of the same sort. All this means thafthe lottery people aro hit hard, and that they propose to defeat this legislation, if possible, by any means. A powerful lobby is already in Washington, and there is also a strong local influence there in favor of lotteries. It is claimed that next to Now Orleans Washington is the most important lottery center in the country, the sales of tickets by the agencies located there being estimated at ut least $50,000 per month. From these facts it become^ apparent that the congressmen who really, desire the passage of the Bingham bill will need all the as-' rtiiv'o it is possible to give them by the pressure of public opinion. \ Congreusmeu be allowed to fotyeL^p *|n/ I i Tin-: Eagle Glass & Mfetul company of St. Louis, has assigned for the benefit of its creditors. Assets, 8:20,000; liabilities. 850,000. , A DESTRUCTIVE ruin und wind storm passed over Hot Springs, Ark., Wednesday night doing considerable damage to crops. Several houses and burns were blown clown. Several men are badly injured. MURRAY HAM., a handsome summer hotel at I'alilo Uoach, near, Jacksonville, Flu., was burned to .the ground Thursday n.orning. There wure fifty guests in the hotel;ill of whom escaped without difficulty. The loss is over 8v!00,000. JAMES CLARK & Co., colfi>) dealers at New Orleans, have made a cession of their property to their creditors. Their statement shows liabilities, $158,000; assets, 895,000. The indebtedness to New York and Liverpool firms is about $60,000. Lumur C. Quintura is attorney for the absent creditor;. THE British ship Lord Raglan is posted on the Maritime Exchange us missing. The Lord Ruglun is a large full rigged ship and left Sun Francisco February 26 lasl for Cork, Ireland. Since lhat time she has not been heard of and her owners have about given her up as lost. CJIARLKH MoC'AFFUHv, the champion bridge-jumper of Canada, who was anxious to out-do Steve Brqdio's perilous leap from the Brooklyn bridge, jumped Tuesday noon from the Dover street bridge into the fort channel, u distance of seventy-five feet, aiHl un immense crowd cheered him for tho success of his effort. Two hours later he essayed lo jump from Ihe Allantic company's derrick ut East Boston, u distumje of 130 feet, and when he struck the water he was paralyzed und sank to rise no more. fcMetdiei to dfcflOt the first pelioBnail JrtiO ftttetaited to arrest them. In We* of the high standing of their parents who made good the losses sustained by Webb & Bundle, the boys were dismissed frith & havlor. , Aufif i. .— the seriate roll call today shot^ ed there #ere? forty-seven senators, in attendance. The journal.of yesterday, having been read, MrV Edmunds moved to amend and correct the journal by making it state the names of the thirty-two senators who were present yesterday morning when the roll W(ft first called. There was general opposition to this motion, which was defeated. The senate then proceeded to the consideration of the tariff bill, resuming it at paragrapo 62, page 10, under the head of "Lead products. House.— On motion of Mr. Taylor, of Illinois, aresolutiohiwas adopted calling on the secretary of war for copies of the report of the engineers in charge of the work of improvements in Galveston harbor. The house then resumed consideration of the oenate amendments to the sundry civil ppropriatiott bill. SATURDAY, Aug 2. Senate. —In the senate today Mr. Morrill was granted on unlimited .leave of absence on account of the condition of his health. The day Was mainly consumed in discussing the tariff billj but nothing of importance was accomplished. House. —The house proceeded to the further consideration of the senate amendment to the sundry civil appropriation bill. Tho pending amendment was that appropriating $75,000 for a lightship on the North Carolina coast. The amend- CRIME. CLEMENT J. CIIALLEK, treasurer, und William W. Chandler, manager of the Erie Transfer Company, of New York, are under arrest tor defrauding the company, dialler ha» made u confession describing the manner in which the fraud win perpetrated. They are thought to have cfeured $10,000 by their irans- action. A 'RIOT occurred ut a circus performance at Ishpoming, Mich., Wednesday uf- iornoon. Because the balloon uscensipii failed to come off, un excited mob of 4,000 people tore the circus tent into squares of canvas us large us napkins, tore open and rifled the dressing trunks, and mobbed the circus bunds. A great disturbance wus raised, and the police were powerless. Several thousand dollars' worth of property wus torn and ground into pulp. SEVEN boys, ranging iu ages from •nino to twelve yews, have been arrested at Oshkosh charged with robbery. Tho lads iiud been, systematically plundering tbe store of Webb & Rund(e, but curioiwly ettcj^th^cottftaed tb,eir ment was non-concurred in. Yeas, 136; nays, 27. One hundred and forty members were announced as paired on this vote. MONDAY, Aug. 4. '"Sciintc.— In the senate today Mr. Davis offered a resolution calling on the secretary of war for information on the 'subject of the accident last Friday to the lock of the Sault Ste, Marie canal. He spoke of it as a most serious calamity to the commerce of the nation, costing, as ho had boon informed by telegraph, $500,000 a day. Ho also mentioned, incidentally, the failure of the house to act on the bill passed by tho senate some months ago, providing for a second and larger dock. Mr. Cannon hoped that the house would be induced to take up the measure and pass it. If not, it would be well enough for the, senate to take up the river and harbor bill at an earlier day than had been agreed upon, so as to have the appropriation secured for that very important work. The resolution offered on Saturdiy last by Mr. Plumb as to the reinterment of the remains of Gen. Grant in the Arlington National cemetery was at tho suggestion of Mr. Plumb, allowed to remain on the table, to be called up at some other tiuis. The tariff bill was then taken up. House. —In the house today the appropriation bill was tak- n up. Mr. Henderson (Iowa) explained that the Pacific railroad claims were not provided for in the bill. Mr. Rogers attacked the speaker and his rulings. Tho code of rules, he said, under winch the house proceeded, gave the speaker power to stifle debate, gag Iho house, force Ihe passage of bills, avoid exposure, outrage and mistreat the minority, and bulldoze tho majority. Mr. Henderson (Iowa) defended tho speaker against tho attack made upon him by Mr. Rogers. He referred to him as the mighty man from Maine, and declared that he stood today as a towering, historic, grand figure of this age of legislative victory and reform. Mr. Breckenridgo (Ark.) then arose and made an eloquent appeal against the action of the republican party - in the south. He stood before the house, God and the people of this-counlry as an honest man and said tho republicans had no cause for being suspicious of the south. The south demanded hearty co-operation from the north to build up their languid industries, etc. Mr. Breckinridge was constantly interrupted by hearty cheers. TUESDAY, Aug. 5. Senate. —The senate met at 10 a. m. and immediately proceeded to to the considern- tion of Ihe tariff bill, the pending item be- i;ig paragraph 107. on page 19, "Cylinder and crown glass, polished." House. —After the reading of the journal, Mr. Bingham, of Pennyslvuniu, moved to lay on the lalle the motion (which has been pending lor some time) to reconsider the vote by which the house pussed a bill to grant leave of absence to clerks in the first and second class post offices. The motion to recover was tabled. Yeas 18, nays GO. Mr. Snyder, of Minnesota, rising to a question of privilege, denounced us a falshood an article appearing in a Detroit paper, stating thai al a conference belween the Minnesota delegation aud Spe iker Reed, relalive to certain improvements of tho Suult Ste. Marie canal, the Speaker had declared "to hell with your inland seas." Mr. { McKinley, of Ohio, from the committee on rules reported a resolution asking the secretary of the navy for the reasons for the increase of the force at the Kittory Navy Yard. In speaking of the resolution Mr. Cummings, of NewYork, said lhat he rose in defense of puplic morality and public law, which had been menuco-1 by ahigli public official, the order increasing the force of the Kil- teiy navy yard looked as though the design was to use executive power for partisan purposes. He referred to the greal evfTwhich would result from the introduction of politics into Iho navy yards and ijoing back to Ihe administration of Ihe ^uvy depurlmenl by Secretary Robonson, 10 commented severely upon the action of :hat official in filling the navy yards with nuiisan friends just previous IT congress- onul election. He charged thai the Kit- fry yard was used for political purposes mil quoted figures to show that previous .o elections the list of employes was much arger than il was u monlh or two afterward. The majority of the men employed lame from Maine, the State of Thomas Efrackettfteed. WEDNESDAY, Auu, G. 'jenule —After routine business of IHtle m parlance the senate proceeded to consideration of the tariff. House.—Hii. Reed of Iowa presented he conference report on the "original .iackaee"bill. Tho report leaves the bill exactly as it passed senate, and is dissented from by Mr. Dates (Ala.) one of tho conferees. After a debute tho conference report was adopted—yeas, 120; nays, 98. The house then went into <>oinniittoo of the whole on the general deficiency bijl, but withoul disposing of Ihe bill the committee rose, and tho house adjourned. TliUllHDAY, AU£. 7. Senate.— In tho senate; today, after some proliminury business, the tariff bill was taken up, the pending question being on Mr. Vance's amendment to reduce the duty on pig iron from 8-10 of a cent per pound lo $5 per Ion. 11 wus defeuled by a strict party vote. Tho next paragraph, which taxes bar iron, round iron, Hat and square iron, from 8-10 of a cent per pound to 1 cent por pound, according to classification, wus then taken up. Mr. McPherson moved to amend by striking out tho rules per pound and inserting u uniform rate of 50 per eenl. ad- valorem. After some debute, the amendment was rejected by another strictly party vote. When the paragraph relating to beams, girders and other structural shapes of iron or steel wus reached, the rate was reduced from 9.10 lo 8.1U cent a pound. The tariff bill was temporarily laid aside to allow Allison lo present the conference report on the sundry civil appropriation bill. Tho bill, said Mr. Allison, an it passed the house, hud curried $28,000,000 und hud boen increased by the senate $5, 000,000. The net reduction agreed to in the conference committee amounted lo $8,706,00; so that the bill carried under Iho conference report, 829,852,000. House.— in the house, today, on motion of Mr. flingh'-im, of Pennsylvania, u resolution WUH adopted calling on tho postmaster general for copies of the agreements for the transportation of mails between the United States and foreign counlries, the condilions upon which awards are made und tho rates of payment for service. The house then went into committee of tho whole on the general deficiency bill. Mr. Rogers moved to strikej/jut the clause appropriating $0,000 ta«gy Mr. George Matthews iu full for tlie uncxmred term of the fifty- first congress fur which he was elected as a delegate from the territory of Dakota. Lost. Mi. Clunie offered an, ( grunting an extra month's pay ployes of tho uouuto tmd the' agreed to. The bill was dw tie committee rose, ajl |h,e. wore ajfroecl to, sgyf ' SUCCESSOR OF MAM, A fUdnce ft,t the Work the iEleetHe MotOf is Doing—Its Manifold Labors in the United States. That Electricity is the Coming: Power Can he no front) t. The advance made by electrical science and application during the last fow years has been soj phenomenal that it is hard to define its extent, and it is only when an attemp is made to follow the developments in any particular branch that an approximate idea of its mighty progress as d whole, and its far-reaching and ever- widening influence in the industrial world, can be arrived at. From an investigation of one field atone,' that of the electric motor, it at once becomes apparent that a revolution of limitless extent is being effected in industry and manufacture. There can be no doubt that the electric motor is the most simple and effective piece Of mechanism yet devised for the transmission and trant formation of energery in a trustworthy and economical way for useful work. It is interesting to examine the different ways in which this Superiority is shown, and in doing so it is advisable to .eliminate from more than passing consideration the electric motor as applied to railroads und to direct attention mainly to the character and mission of stationary motors. It is nevertheless true that tho use of the electric motor for transportation purposes is an industial one. Some idea of the. extent to which it has already ouited the horse and couie into competition with the steam engine, the cable and the dummy engine may be drawn from the fact trut at the present time there are over 250 electric roads in this country, running or under contract with over 1,500 miles of track and probably 2,500 cars. These roads are already carrying between two and three hundred million passengers a year. They do this ut an economy of 40 to 50 per cent, as compared with horses, and, moreover, have the remarkable advantage of building and enhancing in value her rosidental districts. I neredible as it may seem, also, to those who have not watched the course of events, several of tho shorter steam roads of the country are now negotiating for electrical equipments and probably before this article appears in print contracts will have beon signed for roads fifteen to twenty-five miles long. It is expected by electrical engineers that during 1891 several such roads will bo built and equipped. Putting aside this field, however, attention may be confined to tho use of the electric motor for stationary power purposes, It is quite possible that several of those who read those lines may never have seen an electric motor, yet it is none the less true that there are to-day already in operation in this country over 30,000 eleclric motors'of various sizes, engaged in an endless variety of occupations. One company building motors reports that its machines aro now employed in nearly 200 distinct industries^ and that new uses are found daily. This* development has been seen almost entirely within the last three years, from 1880 up lo 1887 eleclricul engineers und contractors had given their attention mainly to Ihe installation of electric lighting plants in "American towns and cities, with the result that there were some 1,200 central stations in operation supplying tho arc light or the incandescent light, and sometimes both. A great many of these stations paid well from the start, but it was soon found thnt the lighting business was after all a limited one; that is, it could only be carried on during the hours of darkness, so that a valuable plant often lay idle sixteen or eighteen hours out of the twenty-four. Yet the current which such a plant could generate would lend itself as readily to driving an electric motor as to furnishing light in a lamp, and the san.e circuit that crmveyed it to the lamps would also convey it"to the motors. It was this fact that gave a great stimulus to the electric motor industry about three years ago, and led to the perfecting of what had theretofore been a very crude and cumbersome piece of mechanism. As is now very generally known, the ehctric motor bus bill one moving part, the revolving armature, and by means of a pulley placed at the end of the armature shaft its power can be up- plied to any piece of apparatus or machinery known to the arts. But up to 18SG nearly all the electric motors hud been badly designed and poorly built, and the current that should have been converted into power was simply wasted in developing heat, so that the machines rapidly burnt out and otherwise became useless, and werfi altogether too expensive to run. At the present time, however, there are sveral electric motors in tho market of excellent design, und 'workmanship, for which as high an efficiency as over 90 per cent, h claimed, und there can be no doubt that the rate of efficiency in the smaller sizes as in the larger is Ihe highest that has yet beon attained by any piece of power transmission machinery. Thus un electric motor of one-half or one-quarter horse power will easily show as high us that of another sort of ton or fifteen horse power, yet fnobody dreams of a gas engine or a steam engine of one-quarter or one-half horse power to give anything but a small return upon the fuel applied to it. Moreover, with the electric motor an enormous advantage has been the facl Ihal when it has been installed, and connections have been made with tho circuits connecting it wilh the central station, it is, pruclically ready that minute for work. All thai is necessary is the turning of a switch [and the eurcrnt is instantaneously there. With the steam ent'ino, even when the steam is laken from the steam main < in the street, considerable attendants in necessary, and in the vast majority of instances the steam bus to bo manufactured on the spot so lhat boilers are necesunry, involving tho attendance of an expert engineer, the supply of wat"r and coal, and tho removal of ashes. Such steam plants also occupy considerable space and throw off no small amount of heat. The idea however, with the electric motor is to concentrate in a central station all Ihe inconvenience connected with thn generation of steam anil to transmit the energy in tho form of a current, so that all Ihe iserhas to do'is draw off the supply as ho wants it, just us he would in turning u tap to procure a supply of water. MILLION AI UK HI'l.lTMKl. and counted out the wonev in crisp green backs. As the chief saw the paper mone 1 fre shook hi« head. "Can't take papers must have gold,' said he. Quickly half a dozen hacks were calle'c and the batiks of Kansas City were fan sacked for the required amount of the yellow metal. After it was all fixed upon ft table before the chief he pawed it over like & miser and then said: '_'(Jiv6 'em deed." The money •was deposited in the bank hut Splitlog would have opened his eyei had he seen the same hacks used in collect ing the gold, receive it again ttftd being driven rapidly back to Missonf, That 14( acres of land is now selling At the fate o: $2,000,000, and proved one of the bes speculations ever entered into at the mouth of the Raw; Splitlog is married and has seven child- fen. He never stops at a hotel when visiting Kansas City, Kan., where he owns valuable property, but always puts up with a negro, who is one of his tenants One of SpHtlog's daughters is married to a negro. THE COLOlt OJT WATJBtt. Why Different Sonfl, Liiltcn liml 11 Ivors Hnvo Different Shade*. London Truth f presents an interesting dissertation on the color of water. It says "Whatis the color of pure water? Al most any person who has no special know) edge of the subject will reply at once: 'I has no color.' Yet everybody knows either through hearsay or by the evidence of his own eyes, that the ocean is blue Why the ocean looks blue is a question that few who have- crossed it have ever sought to solve, and there are probably many travelers who, though they have seen most of the famous rivers and lakes in the world, have failed to notice the remarkable differences in color which their waters present. Even the ocean is not uniform m,color; in some places its waters are green or even yellowish. Some lakes are distinctly blue; others present various shades of green so that in some cases they are hardly distinguishable from their leve grass covered bunks; a few ore almosl black. The lake of Geneva is azure-huedj the lake of Constance and the lake o: Lucerne ars green; the color of the Atodi- terranoan has beon called indigo. The lake of Bricnz is greenish yellow, and ill neighbor. Lake Thun is blue. New York has both green and blue lakes. The colors of-rivers differ yet more widely. The Rhone is blue, and so is the Danube, while the Rhino is green. The St. Lawrence is blue. These various hues are not caused by mud or any opaque sediment such as that which makes the Mississippi coffee-colored, but belong to the waters, like the golden color of tea, without greatly imparing their transparency. The cause of thu difference in the qolor of lakes and rivers has engaged the attention of many celebrated investigators of nature, such as Tyndall, and others. ^Recently Prof. Spring of the University of Liege bos carefully investigated the question of the color of water, and has reached some interesting conclusions. According to him, absolutely pnro water when seen in masses of sufficient thickness is blue, and all the varieties of colors exhibited in lakes and streams arise from the presence in the water of mineral salts of different degrees of solubility and in varying quantities. Water containing carbonate of lime in a slate of almost complete solution remains blue, but if the solution is less complete the water will Irive a tinge of green which will grow stronger as the point of precptitation is approached. Prof. Spring concludes that, if lime is added to blue water in which so much carbonate of lime is already dissolved that the poinl of saturation is approached, the water will become green. In proof of this ho cites the fact that the water near the shores of lakes and seas, where it comes in contact with limestone, is generally of a greener hue than elsewhere." JOSH BILLINGS' lMHI,OSOPliy. inn of tliu OurluiiH 1'oruointl Truiltt of lliu WuuUlllimt Indian. I have just returned from a Irip through Arkansas and Indian territory, says a tvritor in the Denver News, und in tho course of my travels I met what I never expected to see in this world—a millionaire Indian. 1 hud heard ;f Ihis unique pcr- bul was not prepared to ineel such slrungo combination of opulence and gnprunce. Ho is known us Matthias Splitlog, the chief of tho Wyundotto tribe, and is a powerfully built man, !i feet 8 inches tall, with a swarthy countenance, but not the high cheek bones usually found in the Indian. This is accounted for from the fact thai Splitlog is a hulf-breod, having been born in Canada and afterwards adopted into tho 'Vyundotto tribe in ISM, before its removal from northern Ohio to the wesl. Splillog is now 70 years old and can nol read or write. He speaks English imperfectly, but is a freat money-getter and is constantly growing richer by the ud- vunco upon tho thousands of acres of lands which ho owns in southwestern Missouri and Indian territory. A story will give an idea of tho old chief's manner of transacting business Aboul Iwo yours ago a syndicate of Kansas City capitalists persuaded him to part witli 140 acres of laud on the Kaw bottoms between the Iwo Kansas Kitys for $140.000. The trade wus to be completed at one of the b inks on Minnesota avenue, Kunsus City, Kan., at 10 o'clock on a certain morning. Promptly u fow minutes before the time Splitlog walked into the bank and took u seat. Ho kept his eye on the clock, and as tho bands pointou to tho hour of 10, and the other party had not yot materialized, Ihe chief put on his hat and started down tho avenue. At U nhort distance ho met the capitalists on their way to close the bargain. They said they wore ready for business. "Not to-day," replied tho chief, Knowing that persuasion woi)l{| h& (jso- less, they asked him when ho wo.uM.UJu.el/ them. '5. "To-morrow, ut JO o'clock, cow response. At 10 o'dopk aJJ were Now York Weekly. I don't like tew speak disrespekfullness agin ennybody's rclashuns; but I huv made up mi mind that Eve was a phool, and that Adam was a bigger phool lhan Eve. Too much religion iz wuss than none at all. Yu kant sho me a kuntry thnt bus existed, where the people, all ov them, professed one religion and persekuted all other kinds, but what the 'religion ruined tho knntry. (I paws for a repli.) II iz a good thing for thoze who huv bin sinful tew turn over a nu leaf; but it often happens, Ihal in doing Ihis they turn over two leaves ut onsl, and bekum so suddenly virtewous that they freeze up stiff. It iz better tew kuo nothing than tew kno just enough fur lew doulj, and tew differ. Charily iz like a mule—a good ser vnntbut a bad master. 'When charily gits entire control ov a man's affairs, it runs the affairs and the man both into the ground. Cunning, at best, only duz tho dirty work ov wisdom, and therefore I dispiso cunning Hurtes und diamonds aro the two strong suites for a woman to hold—klubs and spades for man. I kant see what women wants enny more rights for; she boat tho first man born into the world out ov a ded sure thing, und sho kant beat tho last one with tho name kards. The mail who lean stand abuse kan generally stand prosperity. The only way tew boat the dovil is tew file him with tho Bible in one hand und u sword in Iho olhor. If I could onlypruktiss an well an 1 knn pieuch, 1 would not thank u man tew warrant me in this world nor in tho world tew cum. The cream ov a joke don't lay on top, but alwus at the bottom. Whenever I see a man anxious tew got into a file that don't belong tew him, 1 am idwtis anxious tew huv him, for 1 kno ho is certain tew be tho wusl whipped man in tho party. About all 11 rare is in man's nature thai is mitral iz his sins; and about all tharo iz in hiz natiir that is kultivuted iz hi/, way ov hiding tbozo sins. Paslmncoiz of'tnor Iho result ov numness than it iz ov principle. I don't kno how it iz with other pliolk, but with mo tho fall of the Roman empire iz a greal deal easier tew boar lhan a full on tho ice. I don't think tharo was ever a human being yet, who hiu met death without ox- pekting in tho last extremity tow bo saved from il; oven our Saviour uttered that wonderful oxkluination: "My God! my God! why hast Thou forsaken moV" 1 am (.'lad ov one thing, 111 at I am keenly alive tew mental and phisikul suffering- I would az soon bo a hidraulik ram az tew bo able to sit down und huv u big dubbie tooth jerked out without winking. Bt A CORSE, An Interesting: Indian Legend Prom the Ottawa. Hanahchinty Tomahawked Mahin- g&it Because the Latter Ate the Sacred Lamh-A Cnfso. Votaries of funeral reform might in Coreu find a fruitful field for their efforts, So exacting there ure Iho demand.-! of cus- lom in regard to posl-niorlein observances that it is feared thn requirement < in connection with the empims dowuiror's death will bo a serious drain on Iho country's re.sourco.-i. Among the very poor tho law's demands are altogether beyond their purges, and tliu jails, wo uio told, are being filled inconsequence. It is required that in Seoul every . one shall dress in whilu for a fixed length of lime itt'tor the pccnrronco of thu death. Some of tho poorer clauses are able with difficulty to comply with tliu requirement)!, but others, less fortunate, can not po.-xibly conform. and immediulely they appear in the street in any other than tho preseiibcd garb they are arrested und Bent lo jail. The prisons are suid to bo overflowing with offenders. When the first white missionaries endeavored to explain to Indians the Christian religion the effect was at times rather startling. The Indians mistook the substance for symbol, the objective for the subjective. It is noi surprising, therefore, that an 01 ibwoy chief who once traveled in the early dawn of Canadian civilization as^ar as Montreal, and met there a Jesuit missionary, having received from him a lamb asja present, mistook it for the Lamb of God, concerting whom the missionary had talked much, and, taking it with him when he returned to his people, impressed upon them the sacredness of this wonderful and, to then?! strange beast, enjoining upon them the necessity of worshipping it With Innof and reverence. A small island was chosen as a suitable dwelling place for this new uianitou, writes a Quebec correspondent of the Buffalo Express, and the Indians were happy in possession of an animal at once so sacred and so easily kept;. Unfortunately the owner was the object of much jealousy on "the part of one who had always laid counter claim to the position of a leader of the people. The name of this man was Mahingan, He was a good hunter and a bold man, but he had the reputation of being called a "Bad Indian,"a very vague term of disappro- hation, but very common among Indians. He saw that the possession of this lamb gave much power to his rival and he determined to deprive him of it, and, being somewhat of a utilitarian, he considered that the best way to do this was to oat it, which he did surreptitiously and at night. On the following day consternation reigned, in tlio Indian camps—the sacred lamb was gone. The otvner was furious, but tried to turn the mishap to account by stating that no nfanitoii of such importance would stay where "bad Indians" were allowed to live with impunity, which explanation was accepted as satisfactory until the bones of the lamb were found, clean picked and bearing unmistakable evidence of havintr been boiled. This upset the supernatural translation theory altogether, and evidently pointed to the murder of a uianitou, but the question arose: "Who was the sacriligious wretch who had dared to fill himself: with a god?" Manach'nty, the owner, openly accused Mahingan io his face, but Mahingan laughed ut him, saying: "No one can eat a rail munitou. The munitou would more likely eat him. If your animal was a truth, then it would have saved itself; if a fraud, then the sooner it was eaten the better." So true did this saying appear that some of tho Indians sided with Mahin- gan, for all recognized that it was he who had paten the Iamb, and there wore not wanting those who began to murmur at Manahchinly for inducing them to worship false gods; undMamuichintysaw that strong measures were iieccessary in order to maintain his reputation on "Big Injun," so ho tomahawked his rival on the sly, and the people at once returned their allegiance, probably fearing least they themselves should be tomahawked. Strange to say, after this Manahchinly became listless and depressed; some thought it was on account of the loss of his »acred lamb; but finally it leaked out that Ma- hingiin, before dying, had found time to curse his murderer, to threaten him with his vengeance, even though he were dead, and to promise him that he would pursue him und his heirs relentlessly for many generations. Strange to relate, Manuh- chinty soon joined his victim, having been upset from his canoe and drowned during a loon hunt, For ccveral generations his descendants in tho male line died violent deaths, and it was generally conceded among the Indians that a curse was upon them. One evening about six years ago, during the month of July, a small band of Indians were encamped upon the island wherein had lived and died the sacred sheep. The ever encroaching white man had usurped the heritage of the Indians, who now had dwindled into a few families in place of the powerful tribe who had once held undisputed sway in the land. Tho curse of Mahinvan had been almost forgotten, and that very evening as they sat around the camp fire an old crone with shaking head related to the younger folk in substance that which I have above written. Among them stood a boy intently listening with a more than ordinary interest. He was a direct descendant of Man- uhchinty. Scarcely hud she finished when a fiendish howl was heard in the field close by. The Indians started to their feet in fright and still another cry awoke the echoes of the summer night; at tho same time an enormous dog, with eyes like balls of fire, bounded into tint midst of them und, seizing the boy, the descendant ot Manahchinty, by the"throat, bore him to the ground. Luckily one man at least, preserved his presence of mind, lie snatched bis rifle from his tent und with good aim sent a bullet crashing through tho skull of tiie weird beast. It was all over in a moment and the boy rose np unhurt, except for the wound in his throat whore the dog had seized him. That night the Indians did not sleep, but sat discussing tho event until daylight, when one of them took tho carcass of the dog and threw it to the pigs of a white man who lived close by. The pigs made short work of the dog and soon hnd it all devoured except tin) heart, which they left untouched; and there it lay in the hot summer sun for two consecutive days, until, impelled by curiosity, one of tho Indians examined it to find out why the pigs would not eat it. It seemed to bo us hard us a stone, and, impelled still further by curiosity, he took liis ax and cut it in two. What was his astonishment at finding it nothing but a solid luir]) of ice. The discovery spread like wildfire, and caused a great sensation iimong Indian circles. The shaky-headed crone at once pronounced it to be Muhingun and assured tho Indians that the vendetta was ended :jy the death of Iho dog, or, rather, the second -jeuth of Mahingan. Whether she was right, or wrong, the boy still ives, nor bus lie experienced any great ind especial ill luck. So lot ns hope Imt Mulringun's curse is u thing of the punt, a mystorj snuffed out by a "Winchester" with the latest modern improve- nents. Theso things are hard to believe. I nyselt' doubted if they wore true and expressed those doubts to my informant, i most respectable and pious Indian, as ndiaus go. I oven dared to laugh, but 10 reassured me of their truth and re- ukecl me fur laughing, saying: "It it> not right to laugh at such sacred, solemn things." TJI1C OMM5.ST IN1IA HITANT. Great-Qreat-Grandindther Catharine Sharp, was born on Feb. 16, 1778, in the midst of the revolutionary war. He* birthplace was a two-story stone structure, at 8th and Cherry streets, and she can remember when Philadelphia -was scarcely longer than a kite's string. Atherhouce recently she vividly te- counted to a Press reporter the closing incidents of the revolutionary struggle and the war of 1812. as well as many of the great builders of this republic long since dead. Mrs. Sharp's grandfather, Richard Bfonger, who lived to be a centenarian, owned a farm where Baldwin's locomotive works now stand. "My grandfather used to supply Gen. Washington's soldiers with milk and Vegetables, "Recalled the old lady, as she sat knitting in an antique arm chair. As she talked her dark gray eyes showed more luster, and from her well-preserved appearance one would not have judged her to be far beyond the allotted life of three-score and ton. Several days ago the old lady sprained one of her ankles while comine down stairs and frequently the pain of the injury would compel hef to stop talking for a few moments. "Yes, I remember seeing Washiagton," said she, "1 saw the great good man after he became the president of the United Stntes. One day I saw John .Jay, and I am quite sure I saw Thomas Jefferson. I was just 2(i years old when Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr fought their duel at Weehawkin. The tragic off air created great commotion throughout the country. Another incident I distinctly recollect was Fulton's steamboat going up the Hudron river. I was then in my 28th yeir. These occurrences as well as the naval fights in the war of 1812, seem to me as if they had taken place within the past few years. "In myyounger davs I was a dress-maker. When I became well along in years, I also did considerable nuriintr of the sick. My husband died forty-one years ago and yet it does not eeem so long. I can hardly realize that I can bo so old. Let me see; I have lived in this house for the past 88 years. Here I have seen all my children grow up. But 1 know that my end is drawing near." The lady's eyes filled with tears, and the interview was closed. Supervisor of the Census Beattie was much pleased on receiving the schedule containing the old lady's name, with those of the rest of the family. A WONUBUFUIj HACK. A Detroit Man Tells of Hlft ISxiicriolive Among thu JnimneHt) Who Are a 1'eople Worth CuUlvntlng. Mr. Frederick Stearns, of Detroit, has returned after a year's residencejin Japan, and has some interesting things to tell of that wonder'ul people. To a' 'Free Press" reporter, Mr. Stearns said among other things, speaking of their agricultural methods: "Their methods are unlike ours in every respect. We can teach them nothing in the line of agriculture— on the contrary, we have many things to learn from them. Our plows, harrows, reapers, mowers, etc., while not unknown to them, have not been adopted, as they consider their own ideas superior, which they undoubtedly are." "Are the streets in their cities laid out in similarity with ours?" "Yeis, in much tho same style, and each is named after a favorite god or deified great man. Tho houses of the majority of the people are but one story in height and are constructed of bamboo poles fastened together, surmounted by a thatched roof. There are no walls, tho Japanese paper, which serves the double purpose of providing shelter and light being substituted. Glass windows and shingled roofs may been seen on some few houses. All views froru the house open upon tho garden, the street being entirely closed up. The Japanese will have his garden if it is half the size of an ordinary billiard table. The love of the beautiful in nature and art is inherent with the whole race—absolutely a part of their existence. On all sides of the house sire built porches, it being the especial delight of the Japanese to live in the open air as much as possible. Rice foliage and flowers may bo seen in these gardens. The chrysanthemum is tho imperial flower, wliile the cherry blopsom is the most popular with the people." •'Japan is populated with an aggregate of 38,000,000 souls, a martial race Chat has never yet been invaded. Tho people are resolute, full of courage, and are very patriotic. Since the revolution of 1808 they have had a constitutional government. The Mikado is the normal ruler, his powers being limited by a body of men divided into two branches, which corresponds to our Senate and House Representatives. Their form of government is even more liberal than that of Groat Britain. "There are fewer social distinctions there than in other countries, the people living upon terms of equality. The men have adopted the regulation Knglish dress, wherein 1 think they made a mistake, because their own peculiar costume is much prettier, lighter and more comfortable, allowing greater freedom to the movements of the body. I noticed that, although they wear the European costume in the daytime, they discard it and don their own attire in the evening. The women have refused to adopt the dress of the English and Ameiican ladies and cling to tho garments they have been accustomed to wear, although the court ladies wear the French costumes." "Are the people possessed of abundant educational facilities?" "They are, indeed—tho men, 1 mean, for tho women are not allowed the advantages of acquirement of knowledge. They are beautiful and virtuous and make excellent mothers, but are looked upon us inferiors. I oaid to the Japanese: 'Your greatest ambition is to reach a point where you can be considered tho equals of the Europeans, but can never attain that end until you alter your treatment of your women, educate them, refine them und consider them as good as yourselves.' "The Japanese are very receptive and imitative. They have adopted many of our own commercial ideas, and carry on milliner, manufactures and build choir own steamships and railroad ears. The locomotives and rails are imported. Every important point in the country can now bo reached by railroad. The Japanese are very jealous of foreigners and will allow no outsider to obtain a foothold in their coun- 11.v for the purpose of engaging in_ busi- ness—andj they are right, America for the Americans and Japan for tho Japanese is my sentiment." ' ± Not an island has risen or sunlc from sight in tho Paoiflu Oeean for 87 years, and geologists fay that natii.e is renting for u future mighty effort. An Knglish Ijeologisl predicts- Unit within 60 yours a conclusion of nature will sink the whole of New Zealand 60 fuct below Ihe surfaco of tho ten. 4 S«u»H)le rrwauUuii. T(iough dlbeimt) cannot (ilvvuyi b4 couquoroil, IK 0r«( of « cuu l>u chocked. Dut uot t>ulj:!» i) to »»jx)(u:iiuo8 pj # w»l»(Hv, * 1 ' 9llW A I'Ulludvlplilu Woiium Who Iu 119 Yours Olil and KuinomliorH AYuBllliltflou. Philadelphia may not bo tho largest city in tho United States ua>>rdirg to the con- i;us figures, says tho Philadelphia Press, but she has the oldesl living lady in tho tho country among her residents. Tho snows of 112 winter.-) have fallen upon her head, until her once brown curls have become as white us Parian murblo. Thu sunsliinu of as many summers have lighted up her countononco, yot now iu Iho lust cycle of her lii'linio her cheeks yet boar Iho bloom of youth Mrs. C'utliurino Sharp of 122G Fleolwood street, at tho ago of 112 yours, forms the iipui of a Inniily fivo generations long. This remarkable family all live in tho Fleolwood street house, and what is still moru remarkable is Unit her direct descendants aro with one exception women. The centonui'iun bus one daughter. Mrs. Mary II. Smith, 72 years old. Then there is a granddaughter who is Mrs. Smith's daughter, whoso name is Mrs. Annio E. Wilson, 40 yours old. Noxl on thu genealogical tree is u young ma 1 ried irrcut-grundduughtciv Mrs. Mamie Welhorill, aged 20, daughter of Mrs. Wilson. Mrs. Wethenll's two baby daughters (ire the Kmvt-gruat'gruudduughtors. They are so young they are unable to realize their greatness. From, the grout-|?ruutgrund- mamma down to the toadhng chubby- there yuu not vnu slightest liosita- 1 ' ' '" the ecu- iffi Greut-Greut- T(j| ^ jyid "" ' ,tQ». every Tim CliuroliuH of I.umlon. lltirpur'ti \Vt)okly. There is un uncommon number of churches in London; they are marvelously common objects. They are almost all stone, and railed in with granite posts and iron fences. Two things about Ihe Episcopal churches (which are in tho majority) tlriko an American us"' peculiar. One is thai fire uppuralus is often stored in the little enclosures, so thrt up against u clingy church wall you BOO a bright red ladder or a flaming tool or hose-curt. Churchyards are regular fire stations, and iu such cases a red lantern is hung on the railings at night with the words "Fire Station" glaring in its lighted front. The olhor peculiar thing about the churches is that public notices and placards are posted on thu doors and railings. There you read tho tax ratings for the parish, and tha*. marriage license are obtainable somewhere on the premises, und that men aro wanted for thu army, and stokers will gel good pay in the navy. In these notices tho branch of the public service that calls for recruits usually posts a colored picture of tho uniform of that wing of the service, chronics that are intended to look very alluring. We Americans am reminded by this treatment of tho houses of worship that perhaps it was not so si range after all, for the British to use the churches in New York und Boston for garrisons and prisons, and whatever else they needed them for during tho Revolutionary war. Where church and state aro joined the state puts the meeting house to its own use. IUU«i'Uuy of NitUtms. S&. l.ouls Uaimbllu. Tho census of tho illiterates in the various countries places the three Slavic states of Houmuniu,' Russia aud Servia ut the head of tho list, with about 80 por cent, of tho population unable to read or write. Of tho Latin-speaking races, Spain heads the list with 48 per cent.; France and Belgium having about 15 per cent. The illiterates in Hungary number 43 per cent., iu Austria 80 per cent., and iu Ireland 21. [n Kuylaud we find 13 per cent., Holland 10 por cent., UiiiteA Stales (white population) 8 per cent., am} Scotland 7 por cent, unable to read or write. When, \ve come to purely Teutonic states we find u ma,rkt)U reduction in the percentage of illiterates, The highest is m 8\vitwr^yjdn2.6; ip the whole qerwp my^^SlLlm <»»t. udey p#d The Mnrderer of Til lie Last Pays the- Penalty of His Crime. Electricity Put to Its First Use a Substitute for the Gallows. as The Execution is a Horribly Bungled Affair — Ghastly Scenes in the Death Chamber. Dr. Spitzka Believes This Hideous Experiment WillScttlethe Matter of Electrocution. After the Victim is Thouirhtto be Dead He Shows Signs of Returning Animation. AtJBOnN, K; Y -( Aug. 6.—At 6:4 _ this morning, in the prison here and in in the presence of about twenty-seven persons, officers, doctors and jurymen, Win. Kemmler, the murderer of his mistress, Tillie Zicgler, at Buffalo, in March, 1889, Was lawfully executed with plectricity. The trial of a new means of taking human life, while prompted by humane motives, has resulted in a sickening spectacle, presented by a pinioned wretch, at whose vital center was kept pounding for some moments an alternating current of electricity, which, though it ultimately destroyed his life, subjected the criminal to a torture of which no living being has knowledge, and which none can describe. Imperfect registry of the current's pressure or faulty contact of the electrodes prevented instantaneous death. The layman may gain some conception of the process of this killing when the statement is made that a person whose body should be shaken to fragments would not have suffered such pain as did Kemmler, whose nerve cells and tissues were disintegrated, not in a flash as designed, but by the relatively slow strokes of the electric hammers upon them. Whether tho blood yet retains its normal consistency, or whether it is partially or wholly fluidized by divorce of oxygen from the blood corpusles, can only be determined by the autopsy. Only a 'deliberate pen can adequately describe the scenes, and this detail will soon follow. At 6:38 the door leading to the execution room opcntd Rnd Warden Durston's figure appeared in the dourway before the small company. Behind him walked a spruce-looking, broad-shouldered little man, full beard, with carefully arranged hair clustering around his forehead. He was dressed in a suit of new clothing. This was William Kemmler, the man who was about to undergo the sentence of death. Behind him walked Dr. W. E. Houghton uid Chaplain' Yates. Kemmler was by far the coolest man in the party. He did not look about the room with any special degree of intererst. "Now, gentlemen," said the warden, "this is William Kemmler. 1 have warned him that he has got to die, and if he has got anything to say he will say it." As the warden finished Kemmler looked up and said in a high keyed voice, without any hesitatson, and us though he had prepared himself with the speech: "Well, I wish everyone good luck in this world, and I think 1 am going to a good place, and the papers have been saying a lot of stuff that isn't so. That's all 1 have to say." With-ithe conclusion of the speech he turned his baok to the jury, took off his coat and handed it to the warden. This disclosed the fact that a hole had been cut from the band of tho trousers down, so as to expose the base o£ the spine. Kemmler sat down in the electric chair as quietly as though he were sitting down to dinner. —-'•"' Warden Durston stood on the right aud George Dieting, of Albany, on the left. They began immediately to adjust the straps around Kemmler s body, the condemned man holding up his arms so us to give them every assistance, When the straps had been adjusted about the body the arms were fastened down, and then the warden leaned over and parted Kemmler's feet, so as to bring his legs near the legs of the chair. While the straps were being arranged, Kemmler said to the warden and his assistant: "Take your time. Don't bo in a hurry. Be sure that everything is all right." Two or three times he repeated these phrases. Warden Durston reassured him ^yith the remark that it would not hurt him, and that he (Durston) would be with him all through. But it was not fear that Kemmler felt. It was rather a certain pride in tho exactness of the experiment. He seemed to have a greater interest in its success than those who had made the preparations for it, and who were watching its progress to its final fatal conclusion. When the apparatus had all been adjusted, tho warden placed his hand on Kommler's head and held it against the rubber cushion, which ran down the back of the chair. As the harness was put iu place, Dr. Spitzka, who was standing near the chair, said softly: "God bless you, Kemmler," and the condemned man answered, "Thank you," softly. The Gurrtiut U Turned on. At last all was in readiness for the execution. The door leading i nto tho room where tho switches were urruiiired was partly open. A man stood iu the doorway.' Boyund him there were two other men. Which of them was to touch the lever and make the connection with the chair was not known. The dynamo in the machine shop was running ,it good speed, und the volt meter on the wall registered a little more than 1,000 volts. Warden Durston turned to the assembled doctors— those immediatly around the execution chair—and said: "Do the doctors say it is all right?'' At the warden's question Dr. Fell step- ued forward with a long syringe in his hand, and quickly but deftly wetted the two sponges, which were at the electrodes —one at tho top of thbhead and the other at the base of tho spine. The water which lie put on them was impregnated with salt. Dr. Spitzka answered the warden's question with a sharp "all right" which was echoed by others about him, "Ready!" said! Durston agulnj and then, "Goodbye," He stepped to the door, and through tho opening said to someone in the next room—but to whom will probably never bo known with certainty— "Everything is ready." An almost immediate response, and as the stop watches in the hands of sanio of the witnesses registered C:48^ the electric current was turned on. There was, a sudden convulsion of the frame in tho chair. A spasm went over it from head to foot, confined by tho straps and springs thai held it firmly so that no limb or other parts of tho body stirred more than u small fraction of an inch from its resting place. The twitching that tho muscles of the face underwent gave it for a moment an expression of pain. But no cry escaped from tho lips, which were free to move at will; no sound cumo forth to suggest that consciousness lasted more than an infinite small fraction of a second beyond tho calculation of the human ,111111(1. The body remained in . this rigid position for seventeen seconds. The jury and tho witnesses, wlioromaiuud mated up to this moment, came hurriedly forward and surrounded the chair. There was no movement of the body beyond thai tirst convulsion. It was not a pretty sight—this man in his shirt sleeves, bound hand, foot, body and oveu head, with a heavy framework pressing down on the top of his skull, still with the stillness of death. Dr. McDonald held a stop watch in his hand, and as the seconds flew by he noted their passage. Dr. Spitzka, too, looked ut the stop wateli, and us the tenth second expired, ho cried out: "Stop" "Stop," eriod othor voices about, Tho warden turned to the doorway and called out, "Stop," to the man at the lover. A quick movement of tho arm, and the electric current was switched off. "'jrhlt aiuu in Not Ueud I" Dr. Bitch was bending over the looking at the exposed skin. Suddenly he cried ont sharply, "Dr. McDonald, see that rupture." In a moment Dr. Spitzka and Dr. McDonald had bent over, and looking where Dr. Batch was pointing—at a little red spot on the hand that rested on the right arm of the chair. The indei flnffet of the hand had curved backward, fts the flesh or muscles contracted, and had scraped a small hole in the skin at the base of the thumb on the back Of the hand. There was nothing strange in this alone, but what was strange wfts that the little rapture Was dropping blood. '.'Turn the current on instantly. This man is not dead " cried Dr. Spitzka. Faces grew white and forms fell back from the chair. Warden Durston sprang tc. the door-way and cried: "Turn on the current." But the current could hot be turned on. When the signal to stop had come, the operator had pressed the little button which gavejthe sign to the engineer to stop the dynamo. The dynamo was almost at a standstill and the volt metre registered an almost imperceptible current. The operators sprung to the button and gave a sharp quick signal. There was a rapid response, but quick as it was not quick enough to anticipate the signs of what may or what may not have been, reviving consciousness. As the group of horror-stricken witaesees stood helplessly by, all eyes fixed on the chair, Kcmniler'n lips began to drip spittle and in a moment more his chest moved and from his mouth came a heavy atentor' ous sound, quickening and increasing with every respiration—if respiration ic was. There was no voice but that ot the warden, crying to the operator to turn on the current, and the wheezing 8ound, 4 half groan, which forced itself past the tightly closed lips, sounded through the still chamber wilh ghastly distinctness. Some of tbe witnesses turned away from the sight. One of them lay down faint and sick. It takes a long, long time to tell the story. It seems a longtime reaching a climax. In reality there were but seventy- threfi seconds in the interval which elapsed between the moment when thn first sound issued front Kemmler's lips until the response to t'~ 'signal came from the dynamo room..^ came with the same suddenness that marked the first shock which passed through Kemmler's body. The sound which hud horrified the listeners about tbe chair, was cut off sharply as the body became rigid. No doubtthis time that the current had done ils work—if not well, ut least completely. Dr. Fell, who stood at tho side of the special correspondent of the associated press, turned and said: "Well, there is no doubt about one Ihing. The man never suffered an iota if pain." In after consultations the oilier physicians expressed the fame belief. "This KcttlcB Electrocution." The following slatement was dictated lo a correspondent by Dr. Spitzka before th« witnesses left the execution room: "There is no doubt thai consciousness was abolished at the first contact. The first current did not destroy all vital phenomena, but some reflex phenomena or phenomena of vegetative life resisted and that I think you can safely say was due to the fact that the voltage was not constant or strong enough." Concerning the strength of the voltage, Dr. Spitzka said he had written to Dr. McDonald some time ago, expressing a four that it would be 109 weak. r>r. Spitz- ka said that he had noticed some curious phenomena in connection with the txperi- mentr—one of them was that the post mortem signs appeared immediately after the first shock. Dr. Southwick, Ihe father of the elec- tricide system, was satisfied with the execution as a first, experiment. He said that Keminler was dead at the moment of the first contact und that there was nothing but muscular contraction. Besides, as there was no consciousness after the first shock, it did not matter whether or net the current was kept on all day. The law provided that the current should be kept going until death occurred. It wus shortly after this that Dr. Spitzka said: "I urn no friend of electrocution. I am sure this settles electrocution. And Ihal man deserved, if ever a man deserved a quick death." Later Dr. Spitzka said to a correspondent, (and both of these expressions of opinion were carefully noted and aro now transcribed from original notes): "I believe this system of execution superior to hanging" and to this lost expression of opinion Dr. McDonald, who was standing by, gave a hearty assent. Dr. MacDonuld said that. there was no doubt that unconsciousness was instantaneous "Had the voltage been higher," said Dr.MacDonuld. l,,he time would have been long enough." Dr. Bnlch said: "The man was instantly unconscious. Sensation was dead in him after thu first shock. But I think that if he had been allowed to continue to respire he would haverevived." • Dr. Daniel expressed tho belief that Kemmler died at the first shock. He said he thought the execution wus a success and that it demonstrated the superiority of electrity over hungimr. Tho Autopsy. The examination of the bruin showed that the bruin was hardened directly under the spot where the electric current had • come in contact wilh the skull, and that the blood 'at that spot was hardened, showing that the current hud had direction on he brain. When the mask was taken off Kemmler's face, his eyes were found half open, and • his expression, while not normal or placid, was not horrifying to see. The autopsy was begun three hours after death, and its superficial disclosures were noted by all doctors present. The microscope later must determine the exact conditions. The heart, lungs and other organs were taken out und their condition was noted carefully. They were all put in Mueller's fluids for preservation for future examination. When the organs in the trunk of the body had been examined carefully, the top of the skull wus removed and the braiu j;.~ out. This was the most in* esling feature of Ihe examination-,.-.__ Ihe theory on which claims greater humanity tor this method of execution ore based is the theory that the electric current paralyzed the brain instantly and thus destroyed all sensation. The physicians found evidence of the effect of the current on the formation of the skull, ou the blood and on the brain tissue directly beneath the point of contact which satisfied them that paralysis of the brain was immediate. There was a relaxation of the body iu the chair—a slight relaxation—but the strops held it BO firmly tunt there vas not a, quarter of a.u inch variation, in of any pavt quiet; little, g: husiueas,-)ike, SpiWWi.SftW,. History of the Oriuie* The murder for which Kemmler had to suffer this unusual punishment was horribly brutal. It was committed on the morning of Friday, March 29, 1889. The scene of tho murder wus in the rear of a largo, old-fashioned, square cottage, 526 South Division street, in Buffalo, A suite of four dingy rooms in the extreme roar of this structure was occupied by Kemmler and his mistress, Tillie Ziegler, a woman who had run away from her husband in Philadelphia with Kemmler. The woman had one child, a bright little girl 5 years old, who was tho only witness to the murder and who gave important evidence in convicting Kemmler. The weapon used was a hatchet, and the body of the woman was frightfully gashed, no less than twenty-six wounds being inflicted. , The couple had many quarrels and dis- .- turbed the neighbors greatly. These quarrels, caused by drunkenness aud jealousy, culminated in Tillie Zieglors violent death. On the morning of the murder some of the neighbors heard the couple quarreling. It soon became evident that the quarrel was of unusual severity, for screams and tho smashing of furniture were heard. The screams soon f ubsided, only a low moaning sound being heard. A chopping noise succeeded, as though Kemmler was splitting wood, but it was the body of liis victim that he was hacking. Soon Kuniiuler was heard wojking about, and he shortly appeared ut a neighbor's house with his clothes smearec 1 — blood. When asked what he done 1 plied: "I've killed her. I had to d. "What do you mcoji?" was askd, "I've killed her," was the reply, I'll have to take the rope for it, Soon he went to a saloon, where he ,.,„ arrested by a policeman who had been informed of the murder. When Kpuiwlej' rooms were entered the kitchen was IJi tered with broken dishes, overturn^., chairs aud tables, and broken furniture. In the kitchen near the stove was the I ' of the dying woman. The w&Us"of „ room and those adjoining were hero tered with bkod. Th.e litHe/dftughter of the victim, 3 SffiW-W*!™JL th R, W-fe!!«

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