The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa on July 16, 1890 · Page 2
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

The Algona Upper Des Moines from Algona, Iowa · Page 2

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, July 16, 1890
Page 2
Start Free Trial

ALGONA, Tttft French posfofSce department is examining a new and original system for distributing newspapers through themails. Every publication is to provide the central postofflce with the Hat of its subscribers and every number ia to be aent to the eabacribera without wrappers or printed address. ^ THE czar of Russia is ia such a.state of apprehension that he now. only eats food which has been prepared in a kitchen that adjoins his library. Every conceivable precaution is taken to protect the emperor against poison, and he has ceased to eat egga since somebody discovered that they can be poisoned by the insertion of a needle, which does not perceptibly break the shell. '_ IN a report of the doings of the Salvation Army which comes from New South Wales, the local organ of that remarkable body, published under the singular name of the liaunceston Laddie, has this to say: "We closed ft day of victory with four more souls and 815collection. Hallelujah! Eight sOuls for the week." The question which naturally occurs to the reader is whether it was the saving of four souls or the collecting of 815 that was regarded as the greatest "victory." ABOUT every possible question gets before the United States Supreme Court sooner or later, but it is doubtful if the right of seventh day Baptist to work on Sunday has ever been adjudicated. There is a man named King down in Tennessee who belongs to that denomination, whose habit it has been to plow and preform other farm work Sundays. For this offense" against the law of the state he bos been arrested, tried and fined. The sup- preme court of the state reviewed the case confirmed the decision of the court below. Now the cose, which, by the way, is one of several of similar character, goes to the supreme court of the United States to be argued on-constitutional grounds. These grounds are that by the state constitution religious theory is guaranteed the citizen, which liberty is interfered with by the Sunday laws of the state. Further it will be argued that this restraint of liberty is in contravention of the rights guaranteed the citizen by the 1st and 14th amendments of the constitution of the United States. It will be seen that the case opens up the whole question of the constitution, ality of Sunday laws, and the decision will determine whether.a state has the right to oblige any one to refrain fiom his ordinary occupation upon one day more than another. The court must determine how far (he Christian conviction of the majority concerning the sacredness of Sunday can be embodied in a law i which not only those who have no such conviction, but those also .who have contrary conviction, must-U)bey. That the court cannot consider the.' thtological aspect of the question is r. evident. It .an give its attention only to the question of how far a departure from 'the. strict, observance of Sunday is .'injurious to the public welfare. This has long been recognized as the only basis upon which the Sunday laws are justifiable, but upon this basis even the court has before . it a matter of discrimination of considerable practical importance. If it decides that Sunday laws ore constitutional," it must also define their scope, at least indirectly. This Tennessean was convicted for plowing on Sunday. If the court sustains the constitionally of that conviction, plowing on Sunday becomes illegal, and with it all familar classes of labor. ..An opposition decision would open the door to practically all kinds of labor on Sunday, to those who professed similar convictions to those of this Tennesseon, if not to everybody. In either event the decision will have wide- reaching consequences, and will be awaited with interest by all of us. frOTfiS. , At the Meeting ot the supreme lodge o: the Knights of PythiiU in Milwaukee, George w. Shaw, of Ea« Claire, Wis. was elected supreme chancellor. Jtrefro* 8*6*it** J. FIELD h'fl.8 6nf the finest houses in Washington, and yet is the poorest man on the supreme bench BAnosr LEIBIG, the German chemist, says that as much flour as will lie on the point Of a table knife contains as much nutritive constituents as eight pints of the best beer made. ONE of the curiosities found by the census enumerators in Madhoh county, Ga.j is a boy 9 years old Who had nevoi been given a name by his parents. GsfcfaUi, CiffrtrJSr B. Piskj the Well- knowfi prohibitionist, died Wednesday morning at his residence in New York City. . . • THE most densely populated square mile in the world is in the City of New York It is inhabited by 270,000 people, the larger part of whom are Italians, who Speak only their i.ative language. AT the examination in uahesviile recently for admission to West Point Military Academy Louroine Thompson Richardson of Janesville, was a successful Competitor. AFTBH his lecturing tour iti the tJriitec States, Explorer Stanley will return to Africa as governor-general of the Congo Free State. King Leopold, of Belgium, has offered him that position and he has accepted it. CHICAGO, III. — According to the. revised estimate of the census Supervisor Gilbert puts the population of Chicago at 1,100,000—possibly a few more than that number. • THE Milwaukee & St. Paul railway will, after July 10, make the rate on coal from Milwaukee to western points the same as from Duluth. This means a cut of 25 cents a ton. THE emperor of China sleeps on a bed of carved wood magnificently inlaid with gold and ivory. It is said concerning the Chinese court that the strictest observance of etiquette extends even to the parento of the monarch, who on visiting their son, dare not omit to bend the knee, whilst the younger brother of his celestial majesty is subject to observance no less rigid. ROCKVILLE, Indiana, — A letter received from Persia gives the details of the • murder of Mrs. John M. Wright, the American Presbyterian missionary, at Salinas, western Persia, in April. A native school teacher killed her with a dagger in revenge for the discharge from her employment. Mrs. Wright was a beautiful and highly accomplished woman and had been married about four years. DENVEU.—The News special, Monday, from Tin Cup, Col., gives nn account of a most .wonderful discovery of gold. The find is six miles from Tin Cup on the Cross Mountain, and is owned by Mc- Oormick & Lewis. The lowest assays from this rock is 8440 per ton and there are specimens which turn out 820,000 of gold to the ton. Two men are now taking out 85,000 each per day. The excitement over the discovery is intense and thouandi. of miners are rushing into cam p. FAHOO, N. D.—Reports concerning Monday morning's destructive storm from several points north, south and west of Fargo indicate considerable destruction with no loss of life so far as known. Mapleton and Bower City lost many roofs and business fronts, while almost every farm in the line of the storm sustained damage to buildings and crops. At Moorhead and Glyndon, Minn., great damage to property was done and several people were slightly hurt. No casualties in this city addit.onal to those reported yesterday. FOREIGN. Keely's Contribution to Science. It is far easier to accuse a man of fraud than to explain the visible effect of unknown causes. As Mr. Depew said in his great address in Chicago on' June 5, in speaking of the cranks of history: "The persistent enthusiast, whom one generation despises as a luntic with one idea, succeeding ones often worship as a benefactor." History is full of examples of the truth of this assertion. In the past two centuries no one has been more maligned and held up to public scorn and ridicule as a crank than John Worrell Keely, of Keely motor fame. Yet Keely is working as hard to-day, and is more enthu- sisastic than ever — "more of a crank than ever," some would say. I He is a persistent enthusiast, a prophet almost without honor among the millions of people familiar with his name. Historj repeats itself. It is well that it does so, for man learns little from the experience of the past, and we never know until we investigate the matter how often history repeats the same lesson in the same words, with a change of names. They that ridicule Keely aak what he has done why he is doing, and why he is so long about it. Is eighteen years a very long time? The electrical properties of rubber amber were known to Thales 600 years before christ was born; 2,200 jeors • after Thales Gilbert wrote a treatise on electricity that none of the scientists of his day could understand; forty-seven years after Gilbert Otto von Guricke made the first electrical scheme, a globe of sulpher; 144 years after this, with more than a score of men working the field in the meantime. Galvani and Volta' made their discoveries. Electricity has been known 2,847 years bofore Watson showed that it could be conveyed by an insulated wire, but it was almost a century before tho world had the primitive Morse telegraph. Thales had been in his grave two dozen centuries when Davy produced the first electric light — in 1802— and it was more than fifty years after this when the electric light was first used for lighting an open-air area. Hero of Alexandria described, 250 years before Christ various methods of employing ut W a power. In J1883 the Marquess of Worcester described his steam en gine in his "Century of Inventions," Jonathan Hull's proposed his idea of steam navigation in 1736; Watts begau hu experiments on the elastic force of steam in 1764; Claude Comte t il0 Jouffroy construct' ed a boat propelled by steam in 1783; Watts was thirty,years in perfecting hi* safety- valve; fifty years after he began his experiments the first steam locomotive wait made, and nine yiare after this locomotive was first used for traffic. Keoly has been at work for eighteen yearn; who can »ay that half a century, a quarter, or even another eighteeji years will elapse before Keely 'B discovery will supersede steam? Iu Lippiueott's for July, 1890, Mrs. Bloomfield-Moore baa a most interesting article on what Keely has done. Oue thing that he has done wan to convince Or. Joseph I#idy, (tie scientific equal of any iu THE Argentine Republic has issued 8100,000,000 in paper money to ease the financial strain. ' .VIENNA.—The Tagblatt says that Bulgaria is not satisfied with the Forte's reply, and declines io pay tribute. BEHLIN.—Emperor William has conferred the Colonelcy of tho Fourteenth Hussars, formerly held by the Duke of A'costa, upon the Crown. Prince of Denmark. CAIIIO.—The Egyptian government has paid to Captain Casati £2,000-in settlement of his claims. RUSSIA will appoint consuls at all tlie principal ports on the east coast of Africa from Cape Town to Zanzibar, TtniKFY has" repeated her demand upon England to fix a date when British troops shall evacuate Egypt, never to return. BUENOS AYIIKS.—The premium on gold advanced Tuesday from 175 per cent, to 195 per cent. AT the trial of the three Anarchists at Leipsic a woman made a confession re ; vealing the whole plot of the conspirators. THE London police have not yet struck, but a great deal of indignation is expressed among the members of that body at the discharge of a number of constables. NEWS has just been received that Fort de France, a fine town of 15,000 inhabitants on the west coast of Martinique, French West Indies, was almost totally destroyed by fire last month and that many lives were lost. LONDON.— Mr. Parke, editor of the North London Press, who in January last was convicted of criminal libel in charging that the Earl of Euston was implicated in the West End scandal and sentenced to one year's imprisonment, has been released from jail owing to the bad condition of his health. MUSCAT.—A terrible clyclone has prevailed here and in tho adjacent country. Great damage was done in the city and surrounding country. Many houses, both here and on the plantations, were demolished. The loss of life was appalling. Reports thus far receiveJ;show that 700 persons were killed. HSTVBSSTBSK& ^^ ^OlA, IN Stffil. The jftotk was tSrMfld. In »n taint tfce building was aflfe and all the efforts to save it Were fruitless. The loss is very heavy. Some persons *e*e hurt, v but no one was severely injured. A&tt&AzrtJ, Wis.—Within the sight of htmdreds powerless to save. Sato-day three firemen met death in the burning of the 2,000-ton steamer Iron King and the destruction of ^valuable portion of the .Col- nmbps^and Hocking Coal Company's dock. The injuries of another are almost necessary fatal and the life of a fifth now hangs in the balance. BreMiiWttAit, Ala*—-A disregard ot orders caused a collision between freight and passenger trains on the Louisville & Nashville railroad, fort* miles south of city, Wednesday. Five trainmen wefe instantly killed and the six fatally injured. None of the passengers were killed and as far aa known none seriously injured. • . CRIME, WonBhas' been received that R. B. Stafford and brother, millionaire bankers and cattle-ranch owners, were murdered at Columbus, Tex. Cowboys are supposed to have committed the crime. GREBN BAT, Wis.— Professional burglars entered the saloon of John Gejewski, late Thursday dight, drilling a hole in the safe and blew it open. They secured $150 but overlooked valuable papers and other funds in the safe. The safe is a complete wreck. SiUTfiE, Wash.— L. H. Bartlctt, has been arrested here, charged With the embezzlement of a sum of money from the Morgan National Bank, of Ft. Morgan, while he was cashier. It is said that Bartlett's shortage amounts to $57,000. A WOMAN'S ITKAH OF WASHINGTON. tfee wojrld, that he i» not 9 baud, cl that THE senate has refused to take up the tariiF bill by a vote of £1 to 20. THE house committee on elections has decided the Mississippi election cases in favor of Messrs. Catchings and Hooker, democrats. ACTING SECIIKTAUY BATCH EI.KK has issued a set of instructions in regard to the re-entry into the United States of Chinese after a visit to.their native land. He says that they are not debarred from coining back to this country by any law or treaty. WASHINGTON, D. C. — The Navy department having received information of tho trouble to Us imminent between Salvador and Guatemala, nan ordered the U. S. steamers Ranger and The'is to proceed to the west coast of Central America and look after the protection of American interests. NEW YOKK.— Tho World, Wednesday morning, says that Sir James PauncefoM) was seen by a correspondent at Washington yesterday. He repeated the diplomatic denial which ho made Monday night, and added: "There is no doubt that our war vessels in North Pacific aro therq to protect the British flag and our sailors." SAN FitANCisco, Cul. — Tho Ala»ka Commercial company j which until recently had a monopoly of seal fishing in American waters, has secured tho exclusive right from Kut^ia to fish in its waters on Iho Siberian coa«t. The North American company was recently also givon the privilege of fishing, in the U. ST waters, henco wjvere competition may bo expected and a consequent reduction of the price of skins. TIIK President on Tuesday sent to tho been nt the following nominates; Adam K. King, of Maryland, United Slates Consul General at Paris. H. N. Allen, of Ohio, United (Status Secretary of legation to (,'orca. Charles Heath, of Massachusetts, UniUwl Stalos Consul at Catuniu, Italy. James J. Patterson, of West Virginia, United States Consul at Mereda, Mcx. VlliKti AND MANY fatalities ucu reported to have occurred on Luke (Jhuiuiduiu duriug a sovere storiu, It Prompta Her to Do Tlilngfta Mnh Would Not Diiro to Do, "I think burglars are more often utter- 1 ly routed by women than by men," said a policeman to a New York Tribune reporter. "It's wonderful what a woman will do sometimes when she he»rs a itrango noise in the house at night. I know that my own wife is a nervous^ excitable_ invalid, who often lies awake in the night when I am out on my beat, trembling in her bed with apprehension lest a burgular might enter the house. So, far, she is an absolute coward. But let her really hear a noise in any part of the house which might be made by n burgular, and the opportunity for action is a positive relief to her. Up she gets in a minute and without a second's hesitation makes her way in the dark all over the house, looking for the intruder — not a sign of fear then — but as the fact that nobody has actually entered the house becomes apparent her fear lest someone might do so returns, and she goes buck to bed a coward again. Strange, isn't it. "1 can remember a desperate burg ular who was hanged for killing a man who.4C house he had been discovered robbing, telling ine that the only time he .actually felt scared at finding himself face to face with one of the. inmates of the house he was 'cracking' was when u slight, delicate woman, clad only in her night dress, came running down the stairs, and putting her hand on his arm, inquired in a terrified tone: 'What's the matter? Is there a burgulur in the- house? Oh,- protect me!' In her terror she did not think of him as ;he robber, and the evident comfort it gave her to find some one to 'protect' her ?ave him anew sensation altogether. "He was staggered by the situation, but. louring other inmates moving upstairs, who had evidently been aroused by her oud exclamations, he quickly said; 'Cer- ;ainly, madam, I'll protect you; have no 'ear. .Just stand here behind the while 1 look iu the kitchen where the noise seems to come from. ' '" . , " 'Oh, thaiikyou,' she replied,. as he slip ied into the kitchen, picked up his shoes ind vanished out of tho window, leaving the booty piled upon the floor in a table-; cloth, which he was just tying, up when he woman came upon him." Smoking. At Leipaicthey aro now celebrating the centennary of the pipe, and the Petite ~'resse seizes upon the occasion to give a ew notes upon the use of tobacco in Europe, which will be interesting to smokers and their enemies. .';.-. • Snuff, it appears, was the first form in vhich tobacco was used in France, and the >ipe didn't make its appearance until the eign of Louis XIV. At tluit time the rench government began to .distribute _ ipes among the soldiers.' Jean Bert was in inveterate smoker, and the story goes hat. some Bourbon princes used to smoke ipes. There was very little smokingiin 'ranee in the eighteenth century. No [real man of that time was a smolcer. Wing the French revolution the pipe was comparatively unknown. Neither Robes- pierre nor Danton, nor any one of the leaders of that period, was a smoker. But when Napoleon's arniy returned the pipe became fashionable. General Ln- Selle used to lead his cavalry charges with a pipe in his mouth; and d'Oudinot was the possessor of a splendid meerschaum, which was presenteu to him by Napoleon and which was ornamented with stones to the value of about 87,500. General Moreau, when his legs were about to be amputated, called r'or his pipe, that ho might smoke it, during the operation, but how ho enjoyed 1 it history doesn't state. " '' The restoration brought about. a reaction against the pipe, and it was not until 1830 that it regained a popularity which it has preserved up to the present time. Except perhaps in-England, the pipe is considered out of place on the street; but at home it is just the same in all sorta of society, and it is smoked by many men including Bismarck. French poets have frequently compared a man's existence to a lighted pipe, whose contents pass off in smoke and ashes, In an old volume of the eighteenth century, entitled "Morale de Guerard," there is an engraving representing a young man A Ctclene Visits thfe l*6*ft and Almost Deruollshes It. A Train Derailed and Seter&i Cites Are Lost. FAttoo, Juty 8.—This city was struck .this morning* by the severest Wind storm ever known here. It began at 2:30 and continued half an hour. Earlier in the night there were son* indications of rain and about midnight it began to thunder and lighting. The wind first began to blow from the aouth hut suddenly shifted to the northwest and in a short time was blowing a hurricane. Three electric light towers were soon blown down, leaving the city in darkness that was relieved only by the Vivid flashes of lightning. The frightened inhabitants were aroused from sleep and lights were shinining from the windows all over the city, but outside there was nothing but darkness and the tempest and .nothing could be heard but the angry tout of the wind and the crashing of flying debris. By 4 o'clock the people were hurrying in every direction to ascertain the amount of damage done. Some appall* ing discoveries were soon made, the saddest being the death of seven children of the late Capt. James McCarthy) who died only a few weeks ago; The children who were at home with their mother, sought safety in a coal bin, where they were crushed to death. The mother was also seriously injured but it is thought she will recover. A few other persons sustained slight injuries. The Northern Pacific through north bound passenger train was blown from the track and many of the passengers, were severely but not dangerously injured. The Northern Pacific car and machine shops, the freight depots, the great Northern and Milwaukee roads were demolished; several churches were bo dly wrecked and numerous other buildings more or less damaged. The total damage in the city is about 872,000. The Whapeton, N; D. correspondent of the Pioneer Press telegraphs as follows: A straight wind from the northwest struck Fnrgo at 2:80 a. in. Great (lamago was done the city. The electric light towers were blown down, whole blocks were unroofed, Ycrxes wigwam, MeGill & Go's warehouse, opera house, Republican office, Kenney block, the battlements on tho bank of North Dakota, Clmpin block, Exchange hotel, Continental block and Manitoba freight house were unroofed, and the Milwaukee depot wasj blown down. A dozen small houses were razed and almost all the plate glass windows on Front street and Broadway were broken. The Jay cook hotel and the Grand Pacific at Moorhead were unroofed. The residence of the late Capt. McCarthy, corner Fitnh and Ninth street*, was struck by tho storm and demolished. Seven children were instantly killed, . and Mrs. McCarthy is not expected to live. Two unknown tramps in a box car were killed. The No. 1 passenger train on tho Northern Pacific going west had just pulled out of tho yard and stopped at thu Milwaukee crossing. The train was made up of the baggage cars, nine coaches and sleepers, a party of Chicago & Northwestern officials in a private cor and Sup't McCnbe's car. All of the coaches and the tender were blown from the track but no lives were lost and no one was fatally hurt. The lights had been put out so there was no fire nor steam. Superintendent McCabe and conductor, briikemen and ,,portcrs acted very cooly and calmed the frightened passengers who were smit back to the city in special coaches. fSL fie, flid n6t know trtt ectofthevttetobe taken to- if it sjiofia result in the adoption e BoWer-eftcS bin, would not be really, ftore fatal to the ptospeel of ail- vet coinage inthsfatea than the act 6f 1878. The legislation of 1878 haa been, he tod, the act of the cold-blooded assassination of the silver dollar. It has been presided over by the same senator, whose "fine Italian hand" was to be seen in the conference bill j ft bill which was a total departure from the action of both the home and the senate and was aa essentially flew as.if it had ,hefen written by the senator from Ohio within the last five days. Mr, Morgan went on to speak of legislation on all important matters being nofr en'.irely controlled by conference committees, whose proceedings were seeret, so that if the committee were bribed to the extent of 1100.000,000, ho senator would be permitted to find it out. Sen. Allison remaked that there was no jieceessary secrecy about the conference committees. They were public committees. r , 5.—After much -wrangling about a quorum and several enthusiastic Speeches from both Sides the joui-nr-I was approved by a vote of yeas 103; nays 00. The conference report on diplomatic and consular appropriation bill' was adopted by yeas lUj nays 06. Mr. Funston. (Kas.,) submitted and the house passed the conference report on the agricultural appropriation bill. The house then went into committee of the whole On the "land grant forfeiture bill." .Mr. McAdoo. (N, J.) spoke of the effortsiof the democratic house to forfeit the unearned land grants nnd of a steady opposition Of the senate to those efforts. Now both houses being in the control of the republicans a compromise has been patched up. .The ponding measure might well be entitled a bill "to compound a felony with railroads which have stolen lands.'. Pending further discussion tho committee and tho house adjourned. AUOlH' HKiNG MKOWNED. MONDAY, July 7. . Scnn/c.—1'be circular report on the diplomatic^ and conference appropriation bill was agreed to. Sen. Morrilf moved to take up the tariff bill, saying it could be then laid aside informally until! tho shipping bills were disposed of. The senate refused—yeas, 20; nays 24. The'senate bill to provide a United States land court and*provided for a settlement of private land claims in New Mexico, Wyoming, Arazona, Utah, Nevada and Colorado, was discussed until 2 o'clock when it was laid aside without action, and shipping bills were resumed. Sen. Reagan spoke against the bills. At the close of his remarks the election bill was received from the house and was, on motion of Sen. Fry, ordered to lie on the table until tho return to Washington of the chairman of the committee on privileges and elections. Sens. Hoar and Morgan opposed the shipping bill and Sen. Fry made some additional remarks in their support. Sen. Sherman presented the conference reports on the silver bill. After it was read he gavn notice that he would call it up for action- tomorrow morning. Executive session adjourned. /foiiff. —In the house, today, Dorsey (Neb.) moved to suspend the rules and pass the concurrent resolution requesting tho president to return to the house the bill extending the time of payment to the purchasers of hum of tho Omaha tribe of. Indians in Nebraska. Mr. Breckenridge . in th made a point of smoking a clay pipe, and the legend calls him the "Universal -Portrait." This is followed by a queer old piece of poetry comparing everybody to a lighted pipe. The DtibUof Two CoimtrleH, Toronto Mull. There will be no more striking page in the history of tho United States than that describing the wonderful manner in which the great war debt was liquidated. Between the years 18C2 and 1869 the indebtedness of the nation was suddenly increased from 8524,000,000 to nearly 81 ,120,000,000, and by the year 1850 it had risen to the enormous sum of 82,773,000,000. in less than a quarter of a century this tremendous burden has boon reduced in almost marvelous manner and tit the beginning of the present year tho debt of the United States, less cash in the treasury, was only 81,050,000,000, The interest bearing thu debt ia only about 880,000,000, which with tho bonded in- debtuess of tho several states makes about 81,000,000,000. This is borne by the population of about 85,000,000. Turning to Canada, at the risk of being accused of disloyality in venturing to make the compansan, we find a people numbering i'ot more than 2,000,000 carrying a funded national debt of over 8200,000,000 to say nothing of the indebtedness of thoir various sub-divisions, Thu comparison becomes all tho more • unfavorable to us when wo remember that indebtedness of ours is rapidly increasing, while that of our neighbors is buing so speedily reduced. order that it was not in the power of tho house under the constitution to recall a bill which hod been passed and sent to tho president. The speaker declined to pass upon the constitutional question; that was for the house to decide. Mr. Dorsoy said the only object in asking the return of the bill was to correct an error. He overruled tho point of order. Mr. Outwaite (Ohio) demanded a second and the democrats refusing to vote, left tho house without a quorum. Dorsey thereupon withdrew • his motion. On motion of Mr, Payson (Ills.) the IIOIIBO went into committee of the whole for tho consideration of tho somite bill to forfeit certain lands heretofore granted for the purpose of aiding in the construction 'Tli Vary Unplcnannt at Vint, lint After.! ward UocomoH n Dollotoux goimntlon. "In one sense at least," said the hero to the Detroit Free Press man, as the others gathered around him, "i may be said to have died and now have come to life again. "How was that?" "Why, lost season, while out yachting, I was spilled into tho river and went down for good, but at the last moment 1 was resuscitated and restored to earth." "How does it feel to get drowned ?" asked one of tho party. t "Boys, it's the strangest sort-of feeling in the world. Being so unlike anything T am acquainted with in my daily life, I nm nt a loss for a comparison. 1 went down, of course, three times, the way all drowning people do. The. first time 1 went down I hud no thought of death, simply of life, for which 1 struggled with nil my strength. But no help came, nnd us 1 saw the shore fade from my view as the waters closed over my head a sudden transition in thought and feeling came over me In a flash I realized that I was doomed, that ray hour had come and that a wide and illimitable future would momentarily be revealed to me. Then began the struggle of mind and body against the elements. I must live; 1 must not die. 1 .was not ready to die. My life had been .too short and so much remained unfulfilled. In one great and overpowering (lood of feeling there suddenly rushed over me all my deeds or! other days, nil the wrong I hot] overdone, all the evil life; all the shortcomings, failings and weakness of mj past career. It seemed to mo that 1 stood bofore some terrible bar of justice and was just about to bo condemned to eternal punishment. A dreadful noise of waters tilled my ears, translated, in my frenzy, to demons hounding me to death. Great streaks of red and blue light Hashed be- 1 foro my eyes, and everything took on tho hue of death. Then came a sudden transition from the horrible to tho ecstatic. Tho waves became soft as downy pillows; the noises in my cars were changed to delicious, sleep-in-spring harmonies, while my thoughts themselves became sweet and soothing as in some vague, enchanting dream. The numbness that stole over my senses was the dull, cold touch of death; but to me it was also tho fullness ami the ecstacy of life. When 1 WUH finally resuscitated, they told me that I had been down seven minutes, and that oven the .bravest among them had given up hope. But 1 am this much of a fatalist, boys, for I believe that he who is born for the gallows will never be drowned—so 1 am with you hereto-day." ' TlK, HcrrutorToll. IIurpor'H Ilnzur. In reading that delightful book by Lady Dufferin, "Our Vice-Regal Life in India/' one is constantly struck with tho extraordinary qualities' of the English-speaking race. Hero are these Englishmen, ambassadors, army officers, visitors, often men of noble or even royal blood, nurtured in luxury, yet spending their energies in dousing for themselves the most robust anO exhausting physical labors. In an alien clime, beneath an Indian sun, they are up early; and put late, hunting, fishing, tennis-playing, tilting at rings, tent-pegging, playing polo, riding steeplechases, and taking part m a dozen other laborious or dangerous exorcises, while the calm Orientals look blindly on, wondering '"if this is joy." Nor is it the Englishmen alone; wherever he goes tbo American i.i not far behind him. Stanley, though English by birth, still proclaims himseT A StHkws Try to Force thfe Steel Bafge Woffca. The Strikers Thirst tot the Blood of Contractor Anderson. The ttob Qnieted Down hy the Mayor atid Sjecidl Police. StrMciiion. July 9.—-I!, Was expected that the strike among the street laborers Would be ehried today by the men accepting the old wages of 81.75 a day. The despondency ot the men was but a lull before the storm. About 200 erf the strikers appeared on Main street this morning and proceeded to Twelfth street, where about forty then were employed. The strikers rushed upon them and a fight ensued. Contractor Sulion cut onn man on the arm with a shovel. The strikers chased Sntton to his house, three blocks, boating him with clubs. Later in tlio day a mob arrived at the American steel barge works where they were kept at a distance with revolvers. After dinner another attempt was made to force the works. Contractor Anderson shot one man in the head,'the bullet glancing and hitting a man named John Foster in the left arm. The strikers then charged, but Anderson held his ground with a drawn revolver. The mob_ threw bricks and clubs and anything they could lay their hands upon. When the mayor and a force of special police arrived on the grounds, the strikers were_ wild for Anderson's life. The mayor quieted the crowd by appointing a committee ot strikers and a crowd of policemen to see Anderion to the city hall. Tonight fifty citizens were sworn in its special policemen. EDUC'ATOltS AT ST. PAUJ.,. Ja.--Hy.lho stove, Matthow i'otrovitwky ami wifo were uwtrly burned to iliatli. Pu. A. ixui- tuiuiug (My inmuihj of powder exploded iu » V fl »*W, note at taUiufky, tojuriutt Wo Land on Wliloh the Suu Hliliitm tiwi greater untural uilvuutiigog Ihan our own, but th»r« are portlom oJ the grout gram- bearing Weet anil forCllo Boutti wDore utmo»phurlc lofluoncea prejudicial to health mllltgtu ugulimt thoin, In iom« degree, «« jiiocos of. twUnura. Heavy ralufulle aud tlm ovorllovi of grout rlvurB, wblcu upon their eutaldonce limvt uunk viwolu- tlou ewjoncU lo the ray* ot the win, Ihero bVot malarial laws, aud there alao the Inhabitant*) are periodically obliged lo u»e norno medicinal unto- B itird ajaluKt tliu n«>uriH>. The most popular In o»letter'« Stomach ufiiem, a provdullni Unit uux for over a third ot a Cdntury afforded reliable protection to (none whom experience Iu the (utility ot ordinary reuiedloo for lever uuil ague, Imu taught Iu nubittUutt for them. WUelher liiturmit- tout or remittent, ui'anuiutfi: fevuru are coniiuured und livened by the nuporb autl-perlodlc anil ford- folug medicine lit tUey aro by 110 other preimru- •lou Iu uw. U»« It, awl abuudvu Impure Wul tl ...... t>Uter«. Judvo lluuu Iu O»hko»U. OSIIKOHII, Special 'JVIegrauii July 0. — Judge ItoinuiDW Bunu of Iho western dis- triuf of Wisconsin is holding c'.mrt hero for Judge Jenkins, who ia ill, Judge (Jreshaiu of Iho United Stutos Circuit Court, sits with him on st'irorat important cases. ' Our J' VVunthor. MOUNT WASHINGTON, N. H., July 9.- Tut) remarkably higty temperature tiiw bw>» followed with cxjil weather yn J^oujut down I. of railroads, with Iho house substitute therefor. A long discussion followed and pending further debate the committee rose and the house adjourned. TUESDAY, July 8. Senate. —In tho Senate the day was used up in discussing the silver bill. Lengthy arguments were made by Vaste, Coke, and Sherman. House.— After prayer, Mr. Rogers, of Arkansas, made a point that there was no quorum present. The speaker w»s able to count but 122 members, and on motion of McKinley, of Ohio, a call of tho house was ordered. The call having disclosed the presence of 148 members, more than u quorum, the journal of yesterday's proceed ings were read. On motion of Mr. Baker, of New York, the senate amendments wore concurred into the house bill for the admission of the state of Wyoming, On motion of Carr, Wyoming, senate amendments viere concurred in to tho house bill for the disposal of ubandonor military reservations in Wyoming. The speaker having laid before the house the senate bill to adopt regulations for preventing collisions at sea, Mr. Dingley, of Maine, asked for its immediate passage Mr. Cannon, of Illinois, asked him to withdraw his request, Rb he had a report to. make from the committee on rules relative! to the "original package" bill. Mr, Dingley thereupon asked that the bill be ordered printed and remain on the Speaker's table, WISPNBSDAY, July 0. Senate.— The presiding officer (Mr. Ingulls) announced his signature to the bill for the admission of Wyoming us a State. The bill now goes to the President for his signature. On motion of Mr. Blair, the senate proceeded to executivo business, The doors were rc-oponed at 1 o'clock, and on motion of Mr. Toller the senate bill to authorize the Secretary of the Interior to convey to the Rio Grande Junction K. R. Co., ceitain lands in the State of Cojorado (twenty-six acrcf), in lieu of certain other lands in said state amvoyod by the said company to tho United States, was taken from the calendar and passed. The Sundry civil appropriation bill was reported and Mr. Allison said that ho would iisk/or its consideration tomorrow. The consideration of tho conference report on the sivor bill was resumed aud Mr. Cockrell continued his argument against thu report. Ihusa.— Tho day was consumed iu a desultory discussion of tho Sauwau UI'KO- tiatioiis, McCreary of Kentucky, McMillan, Hitt and Brockiuridge joined in tho contrary. Thursday, July. 10. . «SVii«/<!.—-Th,e senate today resumed con- sulwatwuof tuo conference report OH' tho «lyor bill and was addressed b' "" Mprguu i u opposition to " said U« expgctea tljis day American by rearing and citizenship; and his follower, Thomas Stevens, who "en- cicled the world on a bicycle, is American by training, also. In the university town where I live tho fields syo full every afternoon of young studente running, jumping, playing base ball or cricket, or lacrosse, or polo, or hare and hounds; they are rowing on the rivers, they aro engaged in hard physical labor under tho name of play. 1 can scarcely recall a greater triumph of man over his accidents than when at Paris, at the exposition, summer of 1878, some young American actually organized Kane-ball cliib and used to play in the Bols do Boulogne when tho thomomotor stood at 00 degrees. What is the explanation of all this amazing activity if, as is often said, miin is naturally lazy and hates exertion V The answer is that thu theory is pure invention, and that man-c-at least tho English- speaking man of the temperate zones— is by nature one of the most energetic of created things. The reply in, moreover, that the secret of willing toil is found in inclination; the labor we delight in physics pain." To the child constant activity is u delight and sitting still is a punishment; but in tioine tropical races this instinct is soon effaced, while in northern rnces. and especially tho English-speaking, it endures forever, Tlio Prlvutu ami tlio Gonuriil. This is tho way, says the Boston Herald, that Private John Allen, tho Congressional wit, got his title: lie run for congress in Mississippi against General Tucker. who opened thu campaign with a rhetorical allusion to his service in tho war, describing a buttle iu which ho had commanded tho confederates, sleeping iu a tent on a mountain side on the night of the battle. When ho had finished Allen got up and said: "Kriends and fellow-citizens- -It's all true what Gen. Tucker told you about his sleeping in his tent that night before the battle. I know all about it, for 1 was guarding that tent all night long iu the cold and wet on picket. And now J just want to say to all of you who were goiior- als in tho war and slept at nights in your guarded tent like General Tucker, you vote for him. But all of you lollowa that guurded the generals' tents in thd wet and Tho Dolngnton llunllj. Engngc<l DlHGtieilng Vnt-loiiH Intorefltitig Toplca. ST. PAW,, Minn.. July 9.—Tho second day of the National Educational convention opened bright and fair and there were many delegates present. At the morning session the report of the special committee on "Psychology and Padagogi- • I Observation" was presented by Geo. F. Brown, of Illinois, chairman of the committee. Dr. W. T. Harris, United States commissioner of education, read another paper on the same subject Prof. Charles DeGarno, of Normal, III., read^he report of the special committee of inquiry on the relation of instruction to will training. Dr. Baldwin, of the Texas normal school, and Mr. Heilman, joined in the discussion. Supt. W. H. Maxwell, of Brooklyn, presented a paper on "Examinations as Tests for Promotions." Pros. 0, S. Albe3, of thoOshkosh Wis., normal school, opened the discussion, and was followed by Dr. White, of Cincinnati, and Dr. Johnson, of Mississippi. Department work was taken up in the aftcrnnon. seven different sections meeting in various places. During tlio afternoon there were seven meetings of educational departments in various parts of the city. The department of music education met at. the People's church, being presided over by Herbert Griggs, of Denver, whose opening adt'ress was a comparison between old and new methods of teaching music, in which-hn strongly urged the need of making the musical atmosphere in tho school room and having all things harmonious in that way fa-ster advancing the pupil. Other papers were read. Kindergarten work was considered at the First M. E. church. Prof. Irwin Shepard, of Minnesota, thought every primary teachershould be taught iu a kindergarten. Secondary education was the topic at the Plymouth Congregational church. A paper on the high school a.s a filtini, school was reiid by A. F. Bechdolt, o Minnesota, who thought the high schoo too superficial. Fifty colleges were repre sonted at the meeting. The higher educatian department at tl First Baptist church listened to and dis cussed three papers. President Blanc-hard of Wheaton college, III., took up tho query: "What have the people to as] Of a college?" And concluded they coul ask that college men could bo more lead ers'in the affairs even than they now are : President Stetson, of Dos Moines col lego, considered the question of "Shorle college courses to meet the popular de mand;" and his position us well us tha of those who'followed on the some subject was strongly against tho innovation. The hall of the house of representatives was crowded by tho normal school depart ment and their friends. Art education was under consideratior in the high school building, and sevcra papers read, The departments of elementary school* and industrial education and manual training hold a joint meeting at Market Hall Under the topic, provisions for and course of traininif in ir.anual training, divisional primary classes, grammar classes, and elementary schools were generally considered by various sneakers. Their arguments for such training were taken from their own experience. SI'AUKS l'-KOM WASHINGTON. Confirmations: Charles Willner. sm- *eyW of eustOYnft, Burlington. lowft; Th'OS. B. MitcMst, U. S. attotaey sortheft district of Illinois. Postmaster: Henry Bradley, Elkhorn, Wis. *ItB PHOBtlBIilOX II* WAS ft tender Daring the Wnr and Also After It. NfiW Yoftft, July 9.—Gen. Clinton B. Pisk died at his residence in this city this horning, aged 62. He was the presidential candidate of the prohibition party at the last election. Gen. Clinton Bowen Fhk was born at Greggsville, N. Y., pec. 8, 1828. His father was 'a blacksmith and died when Clinton was Only 4 years of age. He was then bound out to a deacon to b« reared, but having a great love for books he secured a release from the deacon and hired out to a laundress as a book-keeper. Here he did odd chores and attended the district school. Later he entered the Albion seminary of Michigan, but was unable to complete his course. At tho ago of 21 ho married and settled down at Coldwater, Mich. He was an ardent abolitionist and helped manipulate the "underground railway" of ante-bellum days. In 1801, when the war broke out, Mr. Fisk enlisted as a private in a St. Louis regiment, where he had been in business since 1858. One year later he was made brigadier-general and in 1865 was breVetted major-general. He served in the Army of the Tennessee until the fall of Vicksburg, and then in Missouri until the close oflhe war. Then bo .was ordered south to carry,-ont the provisions of tho freedmen's bureau. Gen, Fisk about this time tounded the famous Fisk university in Tennessee. The general load nearly all his fortune in the war, but soon picked up again by investments in Missouri railroads and real estate. ( He owned A beautiful home at Sea Bright—one of the handsomest places on the New Jersey const. He had no regular business, and found plenty of opportunity to work for the caufie of prohibition. In person Gen. Fish was a lull, well- developed man, with a merry face, iron- gray hair and twinkling eyes. Ho was genial in his manner—in fact, magnetic— and could make a temperance or camp- meeting speech that always delighted his Methodist brethren and sisters. by it. was cold like me, you vote for Private Allen." Private Allen was elected. Itoltgloiw I'rcjmllue 1» Umu|,i U'lUluit Nl'WM. ' The visit of Surgeon Purkc to his home in Ireland has prei-onted somo pleasing incidents illustrative of the commonality feeling _ between the two countries. Mr. Stanley's gallant colleague Wongs to a Protestant family, milled in u purely Catholic district of Ireland, where the Protestants do not nuiubei one percent, of thu population, His father is nut only a landlord but uu agent, uml a staunch Conservative to boot. Nevortheles. Mr. Parke wus mot on his arrival by the local branch of the national league, which did him all the honors of its band, n,ud accompanied him in u torchlight procession lo his father's house, amid evidences of enthusiasm which could scarcely have been exceeded in thu case of Mr. O'Brien or Mr. Wllpii. _ _ ___ "woinuu~thbught tl)oy make a fortuuu by ppwing a ton- uud hanging out a sign "Homo -HBrfl." tfut tlie patronage A rough official count of tho population of St. Louis by the census ollico was completed today. It shows the cily'-s population to bo 448,124. This is an excess of about 12,000 over the estimate by tho local supervisors. The railroad companies having presented their arguments in opposition to thu contemplated order of the Inter-stale commerce commission reducing freight rates on grain shipments iu the West, on the ground of want of jurisdiction, the commission wa.s today in session hearing arguments from persons of the opinion that tlio proposed reductions and even greater ones snould be ordered. ,Whon the commission met ' 't-day there worn present T. M. Lambert- sou, of Nebraska, representing the state and state farmers' alliance; 11. I 1 '. Dous- nuin, member of tho Chicago board of trade; Geo. T. Anthony and Jus, Humphrey, Kansas railroad commissioners, and Spencer F. Smith, railroad commissioner of lowji. By common agreement Mr. Dousman made tho opening argument. Dousiiiiiii said the Chicago board of trado found itself/entirely in sympathy with the proposed reduction of freight rales, but they felt some slight modification should bo made in tho order as proposed by thn commission. Tho boaid of trado was of the opinion, lie said, that any rate from tho Missouri river to Chicago of more than 15 cents wai> excessive. The sundry civil bill, us reported to the senate today by the appropriations com- • mitteo carries with it an appropriation of 891,241,080, an increase of 98,181,060. The bill reported today is 80,552,172 loss Hum tho estimates and $5, ( J44,8!J8 more than tho bill of lustyoar, The most important fortturo of thu work of tho senate committee is the elimination from the measure of appropriations of $777,500 for irrigation survey. This provision is vigorously attacked by a number of western senators and they succeeded in defeating it iu thu committee is based largely upon the I'YTHIAN OPFICKUS Tlio First Iteglment Hand of Gltlutigo Gold Flint Prize. MILWAUKEE, Julv 10.—At this mornings' session of tlie Pythian Supreme' lodge, after the transaction of some roil? tine business, tho election of officers wn, proceeded with. George B. Shaw, of E Claire, Wis., was elected supreme eh cellor, and W. W. Blackwell, of KentucJ supremo vice chancellor. Supreme prelate, Eli T. Blackmefc' oft San Diego, California; supreme n/iter exchequer, S. J. Wiley, Wilmi/yto; Del.; supremo keeper of records ID. R. ,L. C. White, NnfcivUle, Tenn.j supreme master of Wins, G. H. Morrison, San Francisco; grand secretary of tho endowment rank W. B. Kennedy, Chicago; supreme inner guard. D. R. McBnrkwell, .Cheyenne, Wyo.; supreme outer guard, J. W. Thompson, Washington, D. C. The prize drills werq, continued today, the crack divisions of the order making a line disf/ay. Tonight there was a magnificent display of fireworks at: Cold Springs Park in the presence of a crowd or about 8,000. Tomorrow tho prize drills will be continued. About 4,000 persons were present in tho exposition building last night to witness the band contest. Tho firsE pri/.e of §300 was carried off by Kapp's First Regiment band, of Chicago; the second, of SiiOO, by the Saginaw, Mich., band, and the third. 8100, by the Arions, of Oshkosh. TIIK J'JtOHlllJTlONlST.S IN HACK. The First WlKi:cm»hi "Orieitml I'mikugo" SnltDeolded. BLACK ItivKit FALLK, Wis.,' July 9.— The first lawsuit arising from tho sales of original packages in this city was tried bofore Justice Levis today and the defendant, Thomas Nelson, wus discharged. The opposing attorneys consumed the diiy in their arguments as to what, constituted an original 'package. The state's attorney held that Nelson had a right to sell in an--original package, but denied that a single bottle of beer constitute a package in the meaning of the law, The'court hold that the recent decision of the United'States-su- preme court clearly defined the rights to sell under the-.interstate,commerce law, and that a bottle of beet, 1 ii) no manner shipped, was a package. The temperance elcnient is highly . indignant over the decision. SUIA ANNA'S COACfi, Reminiscences of an old Soldier Who Was With General Wlnfteld Scott Darin? the Mexican Campaign and Who Had a Hand In tho Capture of This Cnrlons Relic. Oiitfliier T.eak« HearroHtml. HAUTPonn, July 9..—Frank Leake, cashier of the closed bank at'Hartford, waj again arrested, today, at the instance of Dist.-Atty. 11. K.Butterfiold, charged with doing illegal banking. He was taken before J. M. Lecount, >yhere he waived examination and'gave bail for his appearance at tho next term of tho 'circuit court for Washington County. His bivij. was placed at SJi,000. His bondsmen Dwight Jackson, Henry Schumke and Mrs. H. B. Taylor. Ne'v WIseoiiKln I'oHtoiiuiHtorH. WASHINGTON, July 9.—The following changes have' been made in Wisconsin postmasters: A. H. Buckman appointed at Ainberp, Marinetto county, vijo R. G. Brown, resigned; F. Hemphill, at Bol- mont, Lafayette county, vice S, Ilomphill, resigned; C. M. Callalmn at Blue River, Grant county,'vice D, II. Metcalf, resigned; E. W. Stephens at Gilo, Ashland comity, vice H. G. M. Crossen, resigned; ft, Stewart at Keystone, Chippewa county, vice 10. W. Gibbs, resigned. TJU5 "SJ'OUT" Considered n Uon In Ills Lino In iL-oIiiiul. BKI.FAST, July 9. — Richard 1C. Fox, tho American sport and publisher of the I'olico (jniiutto lias como back to his 'naive land for a few weoKs outing and "he vill then continue his journey through 'luropo. Mr. Fox is in his lino the most )hei)omunally successful man that 'has over left "the green sod" for tho "new vorld," and. he is heartily received here uid will be royally entertained during his itay. Injured by H Toy Cannon. NuKNAir, Wis.', July 5. — Bernie Palmer. i 12-yeat-old sou of C. M. Palmer, oi his city, was shot in tho abdomen yes- erdav, by a toy cannon. Tho cannon was loaded with buckshot. Tho fnso burning, and a. playmate in some vuy overturned the gun, arid it went off, hooting tho Palmer boy. Ho is in a ritical condition. 'Iho bid I cannot be omul. lv 11,1.HI) AN ATTOUNKV. pposition i that ofi'tic offticU would bo to reserve Thoir o] (fl'OUIlll trom tho public domain a vast amount of public land which should bo oponto suttlo- ment. The effect of tho amendment will bo to prevent any further setting apart of public lands for f uturfl irrigation purposes. r tiuw were tkeateued » was with uun Thu appropriation of 8500,000 was made for the establishment of a Latin-American memorial library building in the city of Washington, as recommended by tliu pan- American conference. Tho president today returned to th house without approval tho bill extending the payment to purchasers of land of the Omaha tribe of Indians in Nebraska. The president in his veto says: ' 'There isu no objection that 1 know of, either on the part of tho Untied States or tho Indians, to tho extension of unpaid installments duo from the purchasers. This relief is probably duo to the'purchasers." The president, however, objects to tho provision "that all the lauds, thu payment for which is extended, shall bo subject to taxation by the state of Nebraska as if fully paid for and the patents issued." Thu president is of the opinion tho title of tuo United States and the interest of the Indian lands should not be subjected to u sale for delinquency o! purchasers in paying tax tisaetwueuls Senator Allison and HoprssentuUvo Lacey called on the president this morning iu company vitb W, W. lliukoll uud 4ki l\ .Spencer, pi Iqwttj wd pye.80n.toy jpaisfiy |V " A nil T!l«ll Committed Suluiilo—A Dlviil-oo Suit Mm Cilusu. - PtWTi.AND, Ore., July 8,—C. H. Jinvett, the well known attorney was shot nnd killed by a saloon keeper, Charles Belgrade. Belgrade theno stirod to his own room and suicided by cutting his throat. Heltjnuio's wife is suing for a divorce; Hewitt was her attorney and both men wore up drinking last night. The quarrel this morning resulted iu the tragedy. A Cyclone In Arnlilu. MUSCAT, Arabia, July 9.--.-A cyclone swept over this city, destroying many houses. Tho loss of life is appalling. Over 700 persons nro reported Julfud. Colored Ctitlioltu Congress. • CINCINNATI, July U.—The national upn- vmitiou of colored catholics was eulloif by the permission of: tho proper ecclesiastical authorities to confer upon the nuods of the colored Catholic congress, mot here today, ' A SAO AFC'Allt. A Sou Shoots Ills I'Villiur to Suvu \l\t Motliur. CiiicAuo, July 9.—Wm. Rittainul, a German carpenter, shot his wife in the head today. His 82 yew old son hourcl the shot and entering the room seized his father just in time to prevent him from tiring again. A terrible struggle cnuuoii aud tho son wus finally foivwl to dioot his father in order to siro his mother. It iu thought both husband and wife will ilio. llifia- mol had bow slightly duutuutou for HMUO time pivst. DeSmHln ''Don't you There are in this city many interesting characters, many of whom, though they may not have held high positions still have lived and done service with persons whose names are historic, says the Washington Post. When once in a talkative mood such persons as this can give very, interesting accounts of incidents which are now. almost forgotten. Just such a character as this is Sergeant John Walters, now one of the watchmen at tho state war and navy department building under Captain Tyson, of Arctic fam&j Sergeant Walters served under Captahi (afterward General) Sedsrewick, in the/Mexican war, and was for many years the' Orderly at the headquarters of the army rfhd navy under General Winfield Scott, Mid was .with him in Mexico. Sergeant Walters was born Muy 5, 1821, or, as he sbhte«L"the very day tho great soWier Napo/eoh Bonaparte left this world I came' into it." Sergeant Walters entered the army by enlisting in the Second Regimen/1; ,pf artillery, then commanded by Colonel''Bariklletid, January. 21, 1845, arid with the "regiment went to Mexico. / , Before the sie/?o of Tera Cruz he was detailed as an ord<X.V at the headquarters of General Scott. When theseige commenced he rejoined his company and was in charge of three mortars planted about a mile from tbo city. The landing was made in March, from the 9th to the. llth, and the little band of 12,500 men opened trenches, tlirew up breast-works and planted the n'^y^rs. Upon tho city's refusal to surrend / ,-e was opened and on the 29th tho garrftun surrendered and the American troops entered the walls. According to Sergeant Walters, General Scott seemed disappointed that the force promised him, 25,000 men, had not been sent, but, nevertheless on April 11 he started out for theyCity of Mexico. /At the battle of Cerro Gordo, April 18, fJergent Walters said his company, Com- ,pany H, Second Artillery, was on the /point of flanking the Mexicans, when it spied the coach of Santa Anna in a gulch not for off. This coach had been left behind, and the Mexican chief and some half dozen of his suite were seen nearly a mile distant, ri('.ing off rapidly on American horses. Duncan's battery opened fire on them, but the Mexicans made good their escape. The coach was what would now be regarded as an old-fashion hack, and the harness, which was still fastened to it, showed that the juu^s'Cr horses had been- cut looso,i« dr'Hurry. In the carriage were four. J the wooden leg of Santa Anna and a number of boxes of gold and silver coin. This capture, says Sergeant Walters, was the foundation of the Soldierg' Home. The money was very considerable, but he does not know just how much there was. There was some controversy at the time iis to whether the capture should bo paid into the treasury, but General Scott claimed that it belonged to the army. Consequently, he turned it over to the quartermaster's department to be spent in providing a home in which old andTVounded soldiers could spend the latter port'of their days. To tnis sum was added the amount levied on the inhabitants of the City of Mexico on its surrender. Mr. Walters says that when General Scott returned to this city he sent for General Wood, and the two went out to the present location of the home and were shown over the place by Mr. Riggs. 11 was not, however, until they had sampled the iron water in the spring that they concluded that the location was the proper one, although they had already admired 'the views from various sections of the grounds. "As far as 1 know,", said the old sergeant, " I. am the only man alive who participated in the capture of that co'tch. There may be others who were in the battle, but of Company H, Second Artillery, I do not know a' single survivor." • Sergeant AValters on the way tothoCity of Mexico wan wpundad at Cherubusco, and says that after the city had capitulated General Scutt accosted him in the plaza, with the result that hn was made orderlj at 'headquarters again. This time his appointment was made permanent, for he 'did not leave General Scott till after his retirement. Then ho.served for a short time under General Halleck. There were on. General Scott's staff at-.the time Colonel H. C. Scott, General Lorenzo Thomas, tho general's son-in-law, and Lieutenant (afterward General) Schuyler Hamilton. "1 remember," said the old sergeant, "that while the general was writing his dispatches in'the halls of the Monnezumas .two shots were fired from a housetop near by. They entered the window and whizzed by in dangerous proximity to him. The old general quietly called:. 'Sergeant, run out the sixty-eight pounder and take that street.' We had two guns of that caliber, and our artillery was parked in the square. Wo fired two rounds and every window in- that section of tho city wasjbroken. Needless to say there were no more shots fired at us from that street. There was sbme bad feeling at this time in consequence of charges made against General Pillow, growing out of the failure to turn over a captured Mexican gun. A courtmartial was convened on the case, but the hearing was adjourned to tho. States,. "When tho order came to return General Pillow was anxious to get back before General Scott. The latter, however, started before day and reached Vera Cruz first. Takinir passage on a schooner, ho reached Now York about May 20, mid all were glad enough to g.<t out of the reach of the dreadful 'black vomit' which was prevailing at Vora Cruz at the time The neadquanters of the army were thei at New York, but during President Fill moro's administration General Scott hac his ofiiw removed to the old War Department Building. Sergeant Walters says that during the (mtire time ho was with General Scott ho never uuw him angry. Toward his officen a-nd men ho was one of the kindest nncl most affable nf men,., his conduct toward them strongly contradicting his appearance, which was such as to make one naturally suppose him to be a man of an exceedingly Iniuty and overbearing disposition. A Mexican- Aiiiei'lcun Town. El Paso do L'Aguila.'fo'give Eagle Pass its old Spanish name, is such a mixture of Mexican ami American that one can hardly credit that it was settled as recently as 1849, Yet it was in that year that Gen. W. S. Harnoy established Fort Duncan at this point, and kept his twelve hundred men in health and happiness on the high bluffs wjiiuh overlook the Rio Grande. The mexican government allowed a forry to bo established .across the rivor, anil hero it is still—tlw Hat-bottomed boats, each with two Mexican forey-mon, tho propelling powur being H polo, ami its guide a ropo stretched from bank to bank, on which run two shorter ropes with pulleys. On our side stands the American custom-house ollicial, or lounges lazily iu thu little shanty erected there for his use; on tho Mexican bank inarch up and down tho Mexican military, not imposing, not boldior-liko, and very odd to American eyes. • • .. . To Ilarnoy's men came over tho Mexicans from the other side of thu river (Piedras Nogras thwi, La Ciudad 1'orfirio Diaz now) to li'ade and barter-and sell thoir many commodities for good United States gold. Tluiycnmo loo as servitors, and hewers of woo I and, literally drawers of water, for to this day may tho men bo neon toiling up the banks of the Rio Granite burdened with a yoke-like \voode(i bill 1 across thoir shoulders, from ' which on oithor side depends a tilled bucket. In this manner do all tho poorer families re- coivo their water supply, There uro no wolls, wul only HUo 'Ainorjortus patronize thu recently cxtubliuhcd hyi|raut<i; to till others tho Mexican c4jivrW» come daily, being paid a certain price pw bucket, . Around Fort Duncan, tho'n, sprung up tho town--a town of jacals and abode housoa, of dirt Hours aucl, yruBs roofs. Gradually Americrn tradars cwiio there from Sau Antonio ami GoUaU, ami many They are oteslorie'd and flat-roofed, the most motferfc owes built of brick, and the othnW w ab#de, which last forevet i they hSvS fearthern floors, or cemented ones, perhaps. Here and there can now be found a wooden building, but, though moro> pfetentious-looking, they do aot have" the solid comfort ana immunity from fire^which the more primative structures .The town looks -as though the skies rain- eS biiildings, and they fell wheresoever they pleased. Everywhere are the jacats. Brftn the houses of the Americans are but S little more regularly placed. The jacalfl Eftgle Pass are vastly superior to those of any other pa"rt of Texas. Hern the straw roofs are laid in regular overlapping tiera, impervious to the elements, and lasting in good repair for thirty years. Nor is there d.i.ngi.'r of fire, for this peculiar grass is hard to ignite, and oven when once caught does not blaze, but smoulders sullenly, and may be extinguished with the bare "hand. It is well that it is so, for many of these dwellings have no chimneys, the fire of mnsquite is built on the earthern floor, and the smoke goes wit of a little hole left in the roof above, or an opening just in the corner where walls ani roof meet. The jacal itself is made by .driving four mesquite post's in the gfol'indj then poles are nailed .across inside arid outside of these upriglrtsj and slender branches are wattled between these poles at certain distances. All the"'spaces are thnn filled with the limestone and rock indigenous to the place,.' and a clay cement is made with which it is plastered in and out. If a chimney is a Ided, it is constructed in the same way. It is all fire-proof, it lasts n lifetime, takes but a few days to build, costs nothing for material, and keeps out both hratand cold. All of these jacals have dirt floors and only one or two openings for windows. Here live the Mexican and his wife and their innumerable children, who seam to swarm i around every door. Hero also ore found the dog and all tho chickens, as well as goats without number, which • are the milch cows of there primitive folks. .In and out of the open door stray, the poultry and animals, while Win family "sit contentedly on the floor, smoking and talking. Most of these houses pro innocent of furniture; in some a bed is found, or a .chair or two; but drygoods boxes seem to answer their everv purpose, and skins .are spread on the hard earthen floor, and there, wrapped in their blankets, they sleep. Above them from the roof hang strings of chile (red peper) and jerked goat's meat and outside against the house are fastened bird-cairo* of their own make, with different kindi of feathered 'Ifiiizons, for thev are groat bird : trappers, and the bird sellers are a feature in the plrce. The jacals are all clnnu swept, and the yardways as well; indeed, their cleanliness seems to show itself in this particular manner, for a broom is constantly in the hands of ovary Mexican woman.— From "Texan Types and Contrasts," by fi'o C. Harby, in Harper's Magazine for Julv. NcHtor or tho 1'uljilt. The oldest living preacher inthe. United ^ States is Rev. John ^AtkirrtSC wlio'llveT" near Boston HarbprrMich. He was born in Fleniingtflttf^N. J., in 1797, and was licensed*tcTpreach in 1814. In reviewing bis lifa the other day the old gentleman said: "I knew Jesse Lee, the first missionary appointed for the .New England states, ai.d heard him preach; I knew Joseph Pitmore, one of tho first two missionaries sent by Mr. Wesley from the Leeds (England) conference in 1847 to the province of North America, and I attend- • ed Jiis funeral in Philadelphia. I was converted under the ministry of -Joseph Toften, and joined the church under John Walker, of Trenton circuit. I want to tell the story about Joseph Totteu. One day he rebuked two young ladies, daughters of a ijrominent lawyer, who made a point of disturbing his services by entering the church lute.. He said: "Here you come prancing in with the devil's toyshop on your heads and hell's bells in your ears." CON CKKXIXG THIS HAND. Tins Wuy In Which One MiuittgoB It mi Iil- Oex to Breeding. One 'of tho most coniinon signs of want of good breeding is a sort of uncomfortable consciousness of the hands, an obvious ignorance of what to do with them, and a painful awkwardness in thoir adjustment. The hands of a gentleman seem perfectly at home without being occupied; they are habituated to elegant-repose, or if they . spontaneously move it is attractively. Some of Queen Elizabeth's courtiers made playing with their sword hilts an accomplishment, and the most efficient weapon of the Spanish coquette is her fan. Strength in the lingers is.a sure token of mental aptitude. When Mutius burned his hand off before the uyes of his captors he gave the most indubitable proof we can imagine of fortitude, and it was .natural that amid tho ferocious bravery of feudal times a bloody hand in the center of an escutcheon should become the' badge, of a baronet of England. TItK OOVJSRN'OU CUXSURED. -..*f> Thu Si>imt'<) SH.VH Ho Hud No I'mvor to Vet* I lie lottery IliJl. BATON ROUCIE, July .9.—To-night the lottery'matter was submitted to the judiciary committee of the senate, which by a vote of 8 to 8 mudo a report which disposes of the matter. Tho report hplckfche • „ governor has, under the state constitution,! »• no power to veto a bill- proposing an amendment to, the constitution, and-'-y- speaks rather sharply of Governor Nich'-' ols' action in so doing, saying in part: Any infringement by the executive of the constitution is alive with great.and dis- iressiug danger to the liberty of the people. . It is resolved, therefore, thut the veto of ;he governor, which is without authority, )o roturne.d to the house of representatives and that the clerk of the senate furnish the governor with a copy of the resolution. This report win adopted tho whole matter is disposed of. JIAXMKR ROltlUN'S 1JKAIJ. Votoil to IInvi) Amlrmv Johnson Found Guilty of TreHHoil, PI.ATTVILUS, Wis., July 10.—The Hon. Ilanmor Robbins aied today. Mr. Robbins was a prominent legislator during tho war times serving from 1868 to 186 9. His prominence was largely due to the fact that he was the leader of the faction in the Wisconsin legislature which vote d to instruct the United States senate t o find Andrew Johnson guilty of treason be fore any of tho evidence had been sub - mitted. Cession of HuIU-oUild. I.ONUON, July 10.—In the house of commons this evening, Lord Salisbury moved a second reading of the bill providi ng for tho cession of Heligoland to Gormany. He generally belittled tho importance of the island to England and magnified the ad vantages to be derived from its transfer After a debate b.v Lord Rosgbe rry and Ear Kunborly the bill piissed a second reading An I-:io]icilX'ou|)lo Arrouted. ' GJIEKN HAY, Wis., July 10.—An'elbp- ng couple named Edward Bates and Edna White, from Parrish, Wis,, were arrested lere last night by Chief of Police Tennis, who had been instructed by telegraph, look >ut for them. Tho young man is 24 and <ho girl, who is the daughter of a highly •espoctod family at Parrish, claims to be learly 19. They are hero awatiiigthe irrival of her parents. A JHMTHUCTIYJS I'lUlS. .IMS orfl35;UOO oil Acooiiut of u Kullroiul Strike. CINCINNATI, July 10.—Tho smaller of .ho buildings known as the Globe ware-, lousn, belonging to Brooks, Watorfield & }o.,- burned to-night, with contents. Loss H35.000, covered by insurance. Tobacco vas stored in the building which should uvve boon shipped yesterday, but owing to he freight striku could not be.removed. TO A1JJOUUN JU4A' 81. wore struck by the gold fever of that, year and started lor California, choosing tho route through Mexico, were harassed by hulittiia ami Mexican banditti, aud so turned back and settled Uure mvdeivfe UJ-Q- tectiug folds of the United State flag. Time Ugiw, and-tiow it prOaen.ts « wtoj- dorful mixture of pwerly, ignorance, mid dirt witU weullli, culture, and i-efineiu It is u juuibln of oil cliwsos, but S VllUuma lulruduwH u Jtesolutiou TUi*t iw Uiw Bute. AsiiiMiTON, July 'JO.'-lits Villiams (Ohio) introduced a coiwuureftt resolution in the house to-day, which was referred to the committee pu rules, providing that tho president, senate and spoakorof the house be ttutUomed to close the present session of the fifty-fijet congrcaa by adjourning their respective houses July 31 . Tl-Uluii Collide. Bu(miNaHAMi-Ala,,.J«ly tram load of Mississippi people ww od wouud rt curve now the Pratt this afternoon ft locomotive, suddenly da8b,ed uvtp th? rew waeh at f The r.m $1 i

What members have found on this page

Get access to

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 8,900+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Try it free