The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on June 1, 1892 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, June 1, 1892
Page 8
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THE HIU'UBLICAN, ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 25, 1892. icst of all in Leavening Power.—Latest U. S. Gov't Report. Farm and Stock Yard. Powder ABSOLUTELY PURE TEMPERANCE IN SCHOOLS. Read at the Temperance Mass Meeting 1 by Rev. Chamberlin,of Burt—Published by request of I. 0. tt. T. Committee. The relation of the schoolroom to the work of suppressing the evils o[ the bar-room is of the utmost interest and importance, and merits the thoughtful consideration of every intelligent person. The saloons are the bane as the schools are the boon of this country, and between them there should exist undying enmity. The saloons cannot exist as a power in the land without their army of recruits every year from the ranks of the school children, who are betrayed by ignorance into the hands of their worst enemy. Their ignorance is only dispelled by sad experience after they have been educated in the shortest and easiest methods of becoming slaves to their appetites and burdens to the community. At graduation the students of the saloons are ready for their positions in the gutter, the jails or the Keeley institutes: Some reach their goal almost at a bound, others only after long years of patient effort and repeated failures. It is an easy matter to see the outward effects of the ip-wivd ruin occasioned by the drijjk"" habit, and such object lessons a^are the thrust upon our notice if properly interpreted and presented, will have a powerful effect in opening the eyes of the unwary. The youth of the land .must be warned early and often of the fatal infection conveyed in the taste of alcohol. Teaching the impressible minds of the young the evil effects of stimulants upon the human system, is the longest step in the right direction that has ever been taken. A man may study the facts of physiology and hygiene without their taking hold of his mind and imagination as they would upon the understanding of the young, for the man will try to reason himself out of fear of that which contributes to his enjoyment. The early habits of temperance fastened upon the young, become a second nature and the truths they learn in school are the principles for which they will argue and [fight in later years, and when the tempter comes to the well instructed they will be prepossessed with well grounded opinions. "Forewarned is forearmed." The principles of grammar the rules of arithmetic the facts of physiology and the laws of hygiene can never be rootqjl out of the properly disciplined mind of the scholar, whatever he may learn in after years in confirmation or centradiction. He has learned the truth and can only blame himself if he disregards it or barters his birthright for the contents of a demijohn. There are none to induce him to change his mode of living but those whom he knows are ignorant or whom he believes are led by strong delusions into what he knows to be a fatal habit; his father may drink and his brother smoke, but he has obtained the superior wisdom of the scientist in anatomy, chemistry and hygiene and is much more apt to act in accordance with the judgement of his reason. The state in providing by law for the training of the young in matters of vital importance both to themselves and the commonwealth is raising for her glory and protection a class of in- carefully planted in such ground and watched and cared for six hours in the day, five days in the week, and seven months in the year, will bear good fruit when those school children become an army of peace loving, temperate citizens and voters. The saloons can never be legislated out of existence while they have so strong a following ing and so much wealth to back them: ouly by teaching the young temperance principles and by so doing to cut off their patronage will the saloons go down. The privilege and the glory of hastening the downfall of so mighty and so insidious an enemy to our free institutions has been in great measure delegated to the teachers, school directors and superintendents of public instruction. The duty of the people is to elect their officers from those who are in sympathy with the law. The practical execution of the law, both in spirit and in letter, rests with the teacher. The teacher who uses tobacco in the presence of his scholars, violates the spirit of the law, and in the uucor- rupted recess of his own conscience and in the minds of honest men has forfeited his right to teach. The man who is not willing to submit what he considers trifling acts to moral considerations is in a slow way to improve his character. The State has set good example in legislating in a way that will insure the steady growth of a strong sentiment on the temperance question. Moral habits promoted and fostered by public practices have always had a powerful influence upon the life and actions of the individual. Tempereuce in the schools will no reclaim the old drunkards or change the liquor vote till new sentiment, the product of the temperence school law, begins to materialize at the ballot box. The physician gives medicine to purify the blood, knowing that nature given an opportunity to work with new and pure material, will gradually throw off disease and replace the worn out and affected material with new and healthy tissue. The degree of helplessness and dependence in the young indicates the extent of our duty to protect them. The measure of their extremity is the measure of our obligation. It remains for the teachers and officers of our public schools in this state to perform a work for their country by teaching the children that their only safety is in total abstinence. Then the JAMES WILSON, EniTon. Improving cultivation makes Improving stock possible. Clover, peas, oats and corn are the green feeds for Iowa summer feeding. Do not let the sow and pigs lie out doors in pasture until the ground warms up. Blue grass for permanent pasture on low lands •will live longer under water than clover or timothy. Southern farm papers speak of Bermuda grass as we speak of blue grass. Each is a necessity to Its latitude. Wherever the out worm burrows there the squirrel will dig. In the pea patch you will find them, among early radishes, among grass roots the squirrel, hunts his prey. Late planting of seeds of all kinds, now that the ground Is wet, should be shallow, because there Is many degrees of temperature between the surface, and three or four Inches down. How well the yearlings and two-year- olds are doing. They are just now getting nature's perfect ration. Heavy growths may be expected en grass this season, as it Is particularly rich. During the years of drouth we have been cultivating lands that before that period were left In pasture or mowing lots. We will have to surrender much level land or drain where we can and dyke where -we must Study tho squirrel just now. He wants bread and meat,' and scratches at the root of the corn hill for both. He likes the softened kernel of corn and he likes the cut worm that is the enemy of the corn plant The gardner who would be rid of the depredations of the cut •worm and squirrel should plow early in the fall and keep vegetation down at the time when early, the seed, g od, bad or Indifferent, the depth covered, the preparation, and when we try all these wo can speak with more confidence. Nor are we through enumerating all the factors that control the amount of seed necessary to an acre. The new microbe theory—or fact, rather -^-that new lands must have before clover will do its best, is in point. Our people read so much of rape that many are likely to be misled concerning It. It is only a catch crop like sowing Into soft turnips after early peas or potatoes. Nobody devotes acreage to It for an entire season. • It can not be housed In our system of agriculture. It Is good to feed off sheep on, If you can fence them upon it part of the day. It will produce so much colic then among thorn, breeders of pedigreed shpep can not afford to uso In this way, while a little of it cut and hauled to confined animals might pay. Corn fodder cut green would pay better in the fall, and It is a fall feed. For early green feed clover will be more economical. It is one of the crops of low wage countries like cabbage and turnips. It Is uncertain in dry seasons. It Is not for Iowa just yet. A writer to the Country Gentleman from Amsterdam tells us the Holsteins eat nothing but grass In summer and hay in winter. The grass Is very fine. Three crops a year are cut. This accounts for the characteristics of the cow. They are fine dairy cows, but their milk being voluminous is low In fat, In many Instances. Our grain rations will change this, we think, and we have great hopes of the Holsteln as a general purpose cow. The color cra/.e injures them as steers, and for beef the Holateln needs modifying, but there is disposition to respond to feed in the breed* that is very fine. Their soft grass feeding for many generations has developed, them In the one direction of milk well constituted for cheese, and cheese from Edlm goes over the world. We say this out of a spirit of fair play to all breeds. ency depends upon the student. Our correspondent would perhaps be fit to take charge of a dairy after one winter's Instruction, if not, he could wait as long as he pleased. No expense but board and $2 for room rent. Plenty of creameries In Iowa writing us for good men. But we only recommend those who know their business. the moth lays her eggs, lect a bare fallow. She will not so- la w will be useless, for the weight of public opinion alone will be able to crush out the evil and keep it out. When we reflect upon the past history of this republic, of the noble men and principles that were so active in its development and progress and realize how broad and deep are its foundations, and how they were laid in patriotism and self-denial, we cannot but feel a profound sense of the responsi bilities of this government in its re lation to the centuries yet unborn What vast motives call us to great efforts; what specter hands from the dead past are lifted in solemn warning that we may escape the quicksands of intemperance. The friends of temper- ence who were instrumental in securing the enactment of this law, and the teachers who faithfully fulfill its provisions, will merit and receive the undying praise and gratitude of succeeding generations. And if one must There will be no sacrificing of stackers this season for want of water and grass as we have seen for the last five years. nstead of going into cold storage in Chicago they will stay on the farms un- il they have matured, and this will be no small sum saved from the rains. We remember a wet June along back when water stood over the Wolf creek )ottoms for two weeks. The clover and timothy were killed out, but as soon as the waters receded the blue grass grew and In a few days covered the ground. Tho clover seeds did not seem to be killed, as both white and red grew the following year. Surface draining to run off water is often easily done and pays well for the time. Blue grass will grow where Water does not sit too long, but water lodging too long will kill all vegetation useful to the farmer. Water can often be pre- ventedjfrom spreading over a bottom by light suriace-draining, and much grazing and mowing land saved. telligent temperate men who will never curse the land by adding to the numbers of those who give such a reason for their opinions that they pay a fine for their actions. Iowa has made the study of temperance in her schools and institutes compulsory and has thus laid the ax at the root of the Upas tree of intemperance. . Tlie early spring is the time to sow, before the weeds get a start and while there yet remains time to mature the plant and bring the fruit to perfection much patient cure is required and days and months of waiting must intervene before labor receives its reward. The mind of a young child is the best of toil in which to implant moral and scientific knowledge; the seeds of truth shine refulgent to stimulate the rest, may Iowa with her temperence schools, societies and laws ever beam the clearest, brightest star in the galaxy of States. Strength uiul lleultli. If you are not feeling strong and healthy, try Electric Bitters. If "lagrippe has left you weak and weary.use Electric Bitters, this remedy acts directly on liver, stomach and kidneys, gently aiding those organs to perform their functions. If yeu are afflicted with sick headache, you will find speedy and permanent relief by taking Electric Bitters. One trial will convince you that this is the remedy you ueed. Large bottles only 50c. at Dr. L. A. Sheetz drug store. Ripans Tabules cure liive.s. taking owder Used in Millions of \HoBaes—40 Years tt ,• Standard -~ .,.-••-»...,..-,• .-. • . \ «. . . -isiSaj We all remember back before the dry years just gone that after corn planting in May wet, cold spoils of weather would come and corn would not make any growth. Poor seed would rot and weak seed would be half a stand. This spring we had the wet spell before planting. 'If the weather should be warm In June as usual, the corn crop can get Its requisite of heat and make the usual crop. The last five years have made us forget what preceded them. As soon as the questions that affect the handling of milk In the dairy are settled so that they are as well understood by all as experts now comprehend them, the weight of discussion will go to the cow and her feeding. That is not nearly so well known as work In the dairy is. The care of the cow in the stable in winter, her feed for milk, her comfort and behavior under different conditions will get attention and be discussed when the family meets, when neighbors meet, as a leading question. Cow chores are regarded too much as something disagreeable, to be done with a wry face. They will be interesting, and then profitable. J. P. Roberts in Breeders' Gazette, places the money value of horse manure at $2 % 80 per ton, of cow manure $2.30, of sheep manure $4.00, of swine manure $2.25. Talcing It for granted that the animals were fed on the same materials, and that the manures were equally dry, we can not think of any reason why sheep manure should be worth so much more than cow manure. It may be taken for granted, we suppose, that the animal that digests least albuminoids makes the most valuable manure. Our experience is that the sheep gains in weight as much from a pound of feed as a cow, digesting and assimilating as much. Where then would the added value of sh«ep manure come from? The stations that do practical work are adding to our stock of facts. Nova Scotia's experimental farm finds that clover sown 50 pounds to the acre yields 1,109 pounds of hay, and that 25 pounds yields 893 pounds. This is the heaviest clover seeding we ever read of, and many farmers will assert that eight pounds an acre would yield better. Trial is before guess work. We think the amount of wed of any kind sown should depend OB the wil, Its condition, the •eMOJfc J»t* at BUTTER POSSIBILITIES. There is plenty of demand abroad for our farm products that pay. Great Britain bought $56,410,414 worth of buster In 1891. Denmark and France furnished most of it. In competition with those countries we have everything m our favor, It only takes about half a cent a pound to pay freight across the Atlantic and eleven mills to the sea. Skill in Denmark and France is not superior to our most skillful butter makers here, but the average skill Is higher in those countries. The difference In cost of freight and cost of labor combined Is far less than the difference In the cost of material fed and cows. Our farmers have opportunities here that they need not longer neglect. We do send feed to the butter makers abroad that we will stop when we know more about the profits of butter making. We can sell butter with less iniury to the fertility of our farms than anything else. There is great demand for butter, good butter, in Europe. We are not likely to over supply it very soon. Cheese is also wanted In large amounts, but It must be good, full milk cheese. We can make It cheaper than any of our competitors because we have all the raw material cheaper. We have not the skill yet, but It can be acquired very easily by study. The feeding of dairy cows requires study of the breeding, the growing, the housing, and everything related to them will pay us to study, in view of the possible profits, that may result. We still buy heavily from foreign countries. The farmer has taken care of the balance of trade in the past and will do better for himself in the future by sending abroad the products of skill THE DAIRY. We are now fairly away from winter dairying Into summer work. There is much more profit as regards returns from feeding, as grass is the cheapest feed used. Cows that have boon wintered well yield much more liberally than those that have had poor feed. March and April dairying does not pay as far as cows going toward drying up Is concerned, and where oil meal and bran had to be bought profits were cut down. Prices differ greatly from winter rates. We got 32«cents, now we get 20. That Is a wonderful difference. But where the feed was provided on the farm winter prices pay very handsomely. So it depends upon circumstances which pays best. Where fine dairy products are made that sell at top prices, both pay In Iowa better than they pay anywhere else, because Iowa has the cheapest feed in both summer and winter. The price of butter is the price of the farmer's work for the year where he markets most of his products that way. The wind is behind the Iowa dairyman. He may, and often does, raise all his cows eat and pays out nothing for feed. Our competitors farther east, south and north buy and try to find profit between buying feed and turning It Into high selling products. The best faim management for summer dairying Is to feed the cow to the top of her ability to digest of what makes the most good milk. From present appearances pastures will be abundant this summer, and Iowa will Increase the volume of butter shipped east The dairymen of the State are imj proving methods and appliances very fast, and the milk producers are fast improving their methods of caring for milk. The farmer who does not have returns coming In from milk should be sure that he has something that pays better going on and we really know of but very few farm departments that pay as well as the dairy side. Gradually farmers are breeding and selecting herds of milking cows that respond better. It should be the continued aim to reach for still bet-, ter results through better cows, better feed, better care of milk, better manipulation in the dairy and better prices in market In these directions lie the rosy future of Iowa farmers. JJfra. William Lohr Of Freeport, IIL, began to fall rapidly, lost all! appetite and got into a serious condition from Hi/crvarteia she oould not cat vege " Uyopcpola tables or meat, and ever* toaat distressed her. Had to give up house*work. Inn week after taking Hood's Sarsaparilla She felt a tittle better. Could keep more/food on her stomach and grow stronger She' took 0 bottles, has. a. good appetite, gained 22' Ibs.,, does ter work. easily, Is now In porfoot health. HOOD'S PlLLS iro the best flllo. ThoyaBiUt digestion and cure hoadaobei. About a dozen men in the State have, for ten years back, given their time and paid their own expenses helping to organize farmers' institutes. They have seen tne loss of time consequent upon want of a central intelligence to direct their work, so that they could economize their time. The last legislature gave $50 to each county, which all agreed to, but failed to provide for economizing the time of helpers as all surrounding States do. Mr. Klinefelter, of Mason City, assumes the position that those workers wanted to control the farmers, instead of having their own time controlled, and writes pages to make this appear. He does gross injustice to a band of men who deserve better. They lelped what they could, gratis, and are only sorry that want of arrangement will prevent them from doing more work in a given time. All Insinuations about wanting to control farmers' meetings Is pure rhodomontade. There was no money to pay old-time Institute workers. It was a labor of love. We hope the new fellows who have taken the farmers to raise will not quarrel over the appropriation, now that there is money to pay the new admirers of the horny-handed farmers. QUKST1O3TS ANSWERED. ONE OF MANY LIKE QUEKIEb. BUOOKLYN, Iowa.—After reading your answer to u letter on dairy iuforinatiou, from Uuraut, Iowa, 1 was prompted to write you regarding taking a course in the dairy department. I have had considerable experience in butter making, and thiuk. even now, I can make yery nice butter. For the course, what would be the time required for learning, the expense and could you assist one to a position. x We print this letter as a sample of those we get on this subject. There is a short course in agriculture, beginning December 1, and continuing twelve weeks. There is Instruction on the dairy every d»y during thftt Haw- Profio> THE FARM GIRL. Revolutions are taking place on Iowa farms. The pioneers who made them are selling out or renting, and moving to town. Young men and immigrants are buying and renting. This has been going on for some time. The pioneers' 160 acres are worth from six to ten thousand dollars. The Interest or rent supports him in the village. His boys and girls h ave turned to other pursuits, or have moved farther west. We are considering the purchaser and renter here, the pioneer can take care of himself, we are glad to say. The newcomers are In many respects different people from the retiring farmers. The early settlers who are now abandoning farming came from all walks in life. Many did not come from the farms of the eastern States or of the old world. Old time grain selling and meat making on the generous soils of Iowa was not difficult to learn and all prospered who worked. The women folks who came from the villages of the East never exactly liked the farm life. They rather encouraged the boys toward professional life, and the farm work In the dairy pursued In foreign countries by women has never been thought of , In connection with women In Iowa. W 1th the new families who buy and rent Iowa farms, in'many Instances, It is different. The women milk cows, make butter, drive the harvesters and help still more than this even, on many farms.' Little gets into print about the women of -new families getting possession of Iowa soil, and that will surely establish themselves for many generations. The wives and daughters of our wealthy farmers of the old sort shudder at the efforts made to lelp along by the wives and daughters of our new neighbors. The girls help mother as a matter of course. Milk, churn, wash, bake, dress the baby, unhitch the team for father and in fact are just grand young women. We would like to get 100 of them here to the agricultural college as soon as they get all the district school can give them, and mane them stronger in the lines they now work in. What splendid students they would make. What a privilege it would be to have them taught all our agricultural course can give regarding animals, plants, soils, domestic economy, dairying and the sciences related together with the mathematics and literature the boys have. Great women could be made for Iowa from those simple heroines of our new families—different stuff from the girls who work green dogs on rugs and door mats, and are so delicate that a breath extra translates them to a better world. We are not to be told that butter and cheese making, the study of domestic animals, poultry raising, horticulture and farm work to some extent, is unladylike. They are at it, thousands of them. We would like to strengthen them, make them neighborhood oracles, wise women, model housekeepers, advisers, help meets. It may be said, they •would not then farm. Train up a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not depart f sw» it, "Will Abiimton Stock Yards. Sioux CITY, la., May 80.—Tho Stock Yards company will abandon the- old yard, whicli was destroyed by the. recent flood,, and transfer its business to the central! yard, which in above the highest water mark. The central; yard was begun as a rival for 1 the Unioni com- pji.-iy, but was absorbed by the latter ixv >re it was completed. OJhciai* of the company say that it can be fitted up for 650,.OQfli so as to bo vastly better than |he old yards. To Aid Suil'erors. WASHINGTON, May 80. — Secretary Rusk has agreed to furnish 500 or 600 1 packages of Minnesota King corn to th& sufferers of the floods in Iowa. This, com rip/t'iis in sue weeks and is to be- used for seed. Congressman Perkins, of Sioux City, presented the case to Secretary Rusk. Uucklen's Arnoca Salve. The best salve in the world for cuts> bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains, corns, and all skin eruptions, and positively cures Piles or no. pay required. It is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction or money refunded. Price 25cents per box. For sale by Dr. L. A. Sheetz. 25 Urgent Call for Aid. PINR BLUFF, Ark., May 2&—The board of trade has. issued, a call to the country at large for urgent aid for the Arkansas flood sufferers. It says that iO,000 are homeless and calls for food, clothes, money, or anything that •will alleviate the distress. Four Perished* In the Flumes. SPOKANE, Wash., May 26.—It .is now known that four men perished'in Monday night's fire and it is feared that others lost their lives. The inissiag men areAdolph Schultz, L. H. Cornwell, Richard Butcher and a man named Cun- ningliam. It is thought that one or two men were drowned in the river. A Little Girl's Experience In A Light- liouso. Mr. and Mrs> Loren Trescott are keepers of the Gov. Lighthouse at Sand Beach, Mich., and are blessed with a daughter, four years old. Last April she was taken down with measles, followed with a dreadful cough and turning into a fever. Doctors at home and at Detroit treated her, but in vain, she grew worse rapidly, until she was a mere "handful of bones." Then she tried Dr. King's new discovery and after the use of two and a half bottles, was completely cured. They say Dr. King's new discovery is worth its weight in gold, yet you may get a trial bottle free at Dr. L. A. Sheetz drugstore. JTor Torpid Liver mae Dr. Miles' Plus. Low Railroad Hates. INDEPENDENT TARTY NAT, CONNENTION. For the Independent Party National Conventiona to be held at Omaha July 4, excursion tickets will be sold at one fare for the round trip. SUPREME LODGE A. O. U. W. For the Supreme Lodge A. O. U. W. which meets at Helena, Mont., June 15th a rate of $44:25 will be in effect from Algona. TO CHICAGO AND RETURN. For the Democratic National Convention to be held at Chicago June 31st, agents of the North-Western Line will sell excursion tickets at the rate of one fare for the round trip. For tickets and full information concerning dates of sale, etc., apply to agents C. & N. W. R'y. 84-38 . —*-«•••-« Low Kates to Cedar Rapids. On May 30 to June 6 inclusive, the Chicago & North-Western R'y Co. will sell tickets to Cedar Rapids, la. and return, at one fare for the round trip, on account of the German Baptist Conference. Tickets good to return on or before June 80, 1892. For tickets and full information apply to agents C. & N. W. R'y. 33-85. m McTutyre. -A HOUSE. Inquire ol Jennie 32tf. W ANTED -Good girl for general housework. Enquire ol D. A. Haggard. S TBAYED.-Frem the old Friday morning, a bob-tailed Lacy bam last „ ....led sorrel bald- faced mare, 5 years old, weight about 1,000 Ibs. Finder report to P. J. OHBISTENSEN . 81 tt F OR SALE-A first-class Sewing Machine at a bargain. Inquire at the KKPUBLIOAN ol- lice. If you contemplate purcliasiug a machine it will pay you te look up tills one before buying. It has never been used and will be sold at a better ugure than any agent will give you. Do you want an auctioneer? D. A. HAGGARD Will cry clt; lections, etc. ^ strictly confident > aud farm property, make ool- 11 business of a private nature e wttn 7. M. Taylor. -

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