The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on May 18, 1892 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, May 18, 1892
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THE REPUBLICAN, ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 18, 1892. Highest of all in Leavening Power.—-Latest U. S. Gov't Report Baking Powder ADSOU/IEiy PURB Fan art Stock Yard. JAMES WILSON, EoiTon. THE SCHOOL HOUSE FLAG. m Sthmttates the Children's Interest and Promotes Patriotism. The organized "school house flag movement" has been in progress daring fl&e greater part of four years. In that short time the seed sown in one earnest anggestion has borne fruit in school after school, in town after town, in state after afete. Theugh there are still many schools which are not as yet provided with the .Sag, the time does not seem far distant •when no public school shall be too poor, tfco remote or too indifferent to have the atars and stripes floating above its roof. Sufficient time has passed since the movement began to make it possible to judge the results of the unfurling of the flag above so many schools. Has the proceeding had a real mean- Sag to the scholars? Has it stirred up in •j&e breasts of boys and girls the hope of Siring to be brave men and good women? in our school toward making brave, manly boys and womanly girls." It has been proposed that the raising of the flag be one of the exercises in all the public school celebrations on Columbus Day. This arrangement will stimulate all the schools which have not yet raised the colors to obtain a flag before that date. The executive committee of the national Columbian public school celebration have taken a good step in announcing that any school writing to thei. chairman in Boston will be given practical suggestions and material aid on how to procure.a flag. Not one public school in America ought to allow itself to be without the stars and stripes on this memorable occasion. JAMES B. UPHAM. Plant mangels, beets, carrots and pumpkins as soon as the land Is ready. We will get at the truth regarding economy in feeding by trying enough. This is a season Farmers who have plant any time. that tries seed corn. Invincible seed Use clover for crops that requite ma- nuring, and the land will be rich enough for the most fastidious plants. The special purpose people have a nut to crack in the mutton sheep of the day. They make the most salable fleece and the most salable carcass. At present prices of corn, we say feed corn to milk cows, and growing colts that have good blood in them. Any other farmers anywhere else In the world would. Why should not we? vent loss, while a bate surface does not. Get the drains down where there is fall enough—four feet at least The most tenacious clay obtainable should be put over the joints, as water will find Its way through the pores of the tiles. The tile laid in black earth is in danger of silting up If silt basins are not quite frequent Too many drains fill up this way and become useless. We are ot the opinion that where th« fall is slight it would pay to close the joints between the tile with cement to keep silt out ot them. Draining should be done as well as possible or disappointment will surely come. When thoroughly done, draining is, we believe, the most profitable investment the Iowa farmer can make after houses and fences are built Guard carefully the levela A careless workman can ruin a drain by making a sag of a few inches. The farmer may as well learn the business himself by doing some of the work, otherwise he Is sure to have some of it slighted by most men. Has it begun to serve with the children of the millions from abroad vdio inherit uo love for our country as a syni- Tool around \vhich vnll grow up a thoroughly American feeling? Has'it stimulated a love of the study af history, and given children a nev idea of the significance of law and order •with freedom, so that they themselves 'become orderly and subject to wholesome discipline? The writer has .seen a large number of letters from teachers throughout the country, over whose schools the flag has been raised, which answered these very •questions. "The flag has come to mean some- •ilring," writes one teacher in Minnesota, "whereas before it was a meaningless piece of cloth." "I can see," writes another teacher from Missouri, "quite a change, in the children's feelings toward tl?e il;:g. Now they seem to think that it is their flag—an effect that _ never could have been produced by talking." Many other teachers report a distinct growth of real patriotism. In a school in Maine, "almost every day after Hag raising one could hear the children sheering the old flag." Even the little children count the stars in the bine field of their flag, and learn what they mean. The older pupils ransack the books of the history of the flag itself, and in so doing are impressed with a new idea of its story and of its relation to their own condition and privileges. In this way the school house flag, seen so often and'so constantly present in the pupils' thoughts, has a marked influence, is several teachers report, upon foreign born children and the children of foreign aorn parents. One teacher from the •west writes: "Eighty-fix per cent, of my scholars TTQIV. either born in other countries or : are the children of foreign born parents. The effect of the flag upon my school has i 'foeen to make every one of my pupils en- ! ihusiastic Americans. If for any rea- jion the flag is not raised for a day, they slamor for its raising. No more enthu- jiastic or patriotic set of children can be found in the United States than those of my school." These children begin to feel for America the same patriotic devotion which their fathers were taught from the- eradle to manhood, in song and in story, to feel tov.-ard the lands from which they came. The flag increases the children's interest in the school, and this must reacv upon conduct. Many teachers testify U.- this. One in Cuiiiimier.t says, "1 nuti^ it is easier to govern the children sine,; the flag was raised." Another in Massachusetts says, "It has been a grand step The Greatest of All Expositions. The buildings for the Columbian exposition will cost $8,000,000. And yet this enormous sum represents less than one-half of the estimated total expenditure for this groat enterprise. Truly, Americans are justly entitled to the reputation which is accorded to them, both at home and abroad—that of never doing anything by halves. "What's worth doing at all is worth doing up particularly brown" is a thoroughly American idea. It applies alike to great expositions, gigantic feats of engineering, the founding of colleges, churches, schools and other public institutions, to political contests and patriotic celebrations. Scan the entire horizon of American activities and the truth of this assertion comes back to us with redoubled force. A great national event, however, shows Americans at their best. The Columbian exposition will offer proof of this statement. The national public school celebration of Oct. 13 will be particularly unique in character. It has uo parallel in American history. The public school has never been the center of a strictly national demonstration. It stands' pre-eminently at the head of American institutions. The idea that it bo the leader in a celebration which proclaims the completion of 400 years of American life has struck a responsive chord which is already sounding throughout the nation. If you like this department say so to your editor. He may stop it thinking you care nothing for It If you do not we do not care to write for you. If you do, it will be a pleasure to keep on. The loss of young colts can, we are persuaded, be reduced greatly by having them come on grass in June. The stal- lioneers will want them to come sooner, but hoed your own Interests and let the stallloneer wait. Wo put this question: Will the dealers in Chicago get the possible profits waiting in twenty-five cent corn by handling it for feeders further east, or will we keep It for ourselves, by feeding it at home ? The cribs wait to hear. Thosft good farmers found In every neighborhood are scientific farmers, applying matured judgment that Is science. They may themselves deny this, or not admit it, but it is the case. They are the very best neighborhood instructors and teach by object lessons. Whether it pays to grain cows on full pasture or not, there is no question but that it will pay to give them grain rations until the pasture is abundant, and if this is not done a shrink may come before full feed on the pasture that will affect the flow of milk all summer. Dairying pays best when the farm grows the cows' feed and all of It, and the Iowa farmer who sells cow feed to anybody Is doing a poor business. It has been well established that Iowa conditions favor the dairyman. Our strong grasaes and grains make the best butter. We have said before, but it will do to repeat, that, paradoxical as it may sound, the best butter is strong butter. The beat grasses and grains make the best butter. The East can not successfully compete with Iowa In the dairy when our people use all the leverages within reach. An eastern State must send to other States to get the elements of the cows' ration. We can have them all grown seccessfully and cheaply on the Iowa farm. Corn Is and will remain the mainstay of the dairy. Economy de mands something with it, but thai something grows as abundantly in Iowa as corn grows. and colts too much yet Good milkers among them should be good general put- lose cattle, as they feed well and fill out he valuable parts. The, Ayrshire is a variable animal as regards beef. The old* fashioned Ayrshire is little different rom the Jersey in size and only differs n the composition of the milk. That has more casein In the case of the Ayrshire, The improved, enlarged Ayrshire is near- y as large as a Shorthorn and a good common purpose beast, but they are very rare in this country. These are the prominent considerations with regard to jur common purpose breeds, that are best known. In your case be sure you get a bull from a good milking cow. The extremes to be avoided are all beef and no milk on the one hand and all milk and no beef on the other. If you consult gentleman who care nothing for beef, who can getThelp to milk their cows, who buy grain Instead of needing a market for it, who have only studied the milk side of the farm, they call you bad names If you do not buy a Jersey to breed to your native cows. Iowa typical cattle are certain to be large because the soil Is generous, just as our boys are larger than boys elsewhere, and our colts, steers and hogs mature sooner, but the fellow up north, or down south where nature Is more sparing In cow feed, worships the wee cow. March Glorious possibilities. It is only as one rises to the national conception of what Columbus Day, Oct. 12, may be made that it takes on its true character. The day itself, simply as a way of calling up the past and giving it historical significance, will bo full of meaning, but it will be much more than this. The historical part of the celebration is not confined to the mere act of the discovery' of America, by Columbus on the morning of Oct. 13. It is a day that reaches back through four centuries of progress, and it includes all that America has passed through in these 400 years—the crowding out of one race by another; the succession of one civilization after another; the growth of new ideas, and the putting of old ideas to new service; the introduction of nobler manners, better laws, ;i larger and freer life than the world has known before, and as the fundamental element in this new order, the creation and the development of our public school system, than which nothing is more truly representative of American ideas and institutions. The eagerness and appreciation with which the" suggestion for this peculiar celebration has been caught up shows that it touches the right chord in the patriotic hearts of the young people throughout the whole nation. Listen to no croaking about Iowa crops or Iowa farmers. Iowa farmers are learning about the soils they have and other conditions very fast. Depend on these to grow more crops every succeeding year. They drain more, prepare seed beds better, harvest better and improve stock steadily. They are making Iowa. When live stock was being freely imported from abroad, Americans who paid big prices for it were "enterprising and getting fine specimens." Now that restrictions have been placed upon importations, Americans, in the eyes of the foreign breeders, "were only purchasers of second and third rate stock anyway." It makes a difference whether we are putting money into the pockets of our cousins across the water or no. The Twilight of the Century. We are in the Saturday evening of the fourth century of America's discovery. We are neariiig one of the great milestones of history. An epoch in American life is closing. In a few weeks we pa=s the day which rounds up the full measure of "the 400 years that are gone. But it is not proposed that we stand even for a day on that great dividing line to speculate upon American achievement p,nd progress. We si mil pause for but. a | i-iouient, and contemplate with wonder aiid admiration the grandest production and the most enduring monument of the first 400 years of American life—our public, school system. The earnest enthusiasm with which the public schools of America are grasping the idea of a Columbian public school celebration for Oct. 13 augurs well for a successful national demonstration. On Oct. 12 the eyes of the nation will be turned upon the public schools, which form the keystone in the arch of our civilization. Throughout the length and breadth of our laud the 13,000,000 pupils enrolled in our free public schools will, as with one voice, souud a note which will thrill the nation. PRICES iltt Baking Powder. It is worth living through a boisterous winter to see Iowa in its spring beauty; to see the blue grass gradually decorate the field us grace gradually permeates a good man; to see the birds come and people tho groves and hedges, to see the forests put on their variegated garments, to see the long imprisoned cattle seek the pastures and the lambs at play again, to hear the whistle of tho plow boy, and the song of the milk maid, to hear the morning carol of the thrush, and the evening call of the quail to his mate, to hear the love note of the grouse and the scream of the curlew, to listen to the passing bird and the sigh of the east wind, to see Iowa in spring. There is a widespread loss of young colts this spring, and that too where mares have been fed and handled with consideration. Many breeders are at their wits end. The loss is very serious. We suggest a complete change in the time of the colts coming. Young things coming in June, after the mares have been on grass—at least over night— would have more natural conditions. It is a serious draft on valuable time to have them come before the corn is planted, which is another reason for this change. The mares could have more time to suckle their colts and would do it better. These considerations we think are worth listening to. All young things coming on grass do better for many reasons than those coming on dry feed. For five years the fertility ot the sol' has been stored at the surface without sufficient ra'ns to wash nitrogen down and into the water channels that carri it away. Evaporation that brough moisture to the surface brought fertility up. What nitrogen plants get from th atmosphere remained at the surface. The surface soil consequently has mor than tho usual amount of fertility with in the reach of plants.and we may loo for unusually good crops. Analysis drain waters after heavy rains show that when more rain falls than can be retained by the soil a leaching process taken place. We have not had rains enough to five yeaie to carry off soluble i not yet vet down tp A WET SPRING. At this writing it has rained, is raining and is likely to rain. For the first time In five years the ground Is being well wet But it brings a crisis that requires an experienced farmer to meet. Much low land will be planted in corn late. The sensible thing is to get early varieties. Some land may not be fit to plant at the first of June; the wise move In that case will be to sow millet any time during June. Where land is uncharged with water from springs or surface water and will not be in condition for want of draining, the best thing to do is to get tile in and fallow during the fall to keep the land clean. Where wet ands are designed for grass it may be own on such lands at any time during ummer, as moisture will germinate it at my time. Lands that are low and too damp for cultivating such a season as this can profitably be seeded with timothy and clover. Such lands pay in grass when it is not convenient to drain ,hem. See to it that water does not lie on the surface of pastures, as it will kill the clovers first, the timothy next and the blue grass fina'lly. ' Corn fields will require different treatment from what they require In dry seasons. Evaporation must be encouraged instead of being prevented. Deep plowing will, in some cases, be better than shallow. The weeds will riot If we do not keep ahead of them, and this requires active work when the teams can get at it. Grass and hay will be heavier than in dry seasons. The corn is not likely to be as good, as a dry season is best for it. The oats and barley and wheat will stand a good deal of wetness in the spring, if it's dry when they are heading out, which is quite likely to happen, as the weather pays itself, as the saying is. SPJECIAI, AND GENERAL PURPOSE COWS. Gov. Hoard, in hla Dairyman asks us: "Is It practical for a man to take 160 acres of land In Iowa and stock It with seventy-five Jersey or Guernsey grade cows, and by the aid of the silo and all latter day appliances engage in special purpose dairy farming? Is there anything in the location or soil of Iowa that would prevent such dairy farming from paying just as well as In Wisconsin or any other State?" There Is nothing to hinder a man from stocking 160 acres with Jersey cows and following dairying. It would pay better than in Wisconsin or any other State, because the grain Is grown In Iowa and is cheapest here. The corn crop will make more silage to the acre, grass is superior, the water Is excellent, everything favorable. We have no doubt the enterprising Wisconsin dairymen could make more money in Iowa in special dairying than where they are, only, they must be sure of their milkers. The seventy-five cows would require seven milk- ers, and the average 100 acre Iowa farm has an average of two possible milkers only. The Iowa 100 acres can be made to keep seventy-five cattle, but if we put Gov. Hoard's special dairying into practice generally, one of our townships would need 1,008 milkers,counting seven to each farm, which would bo over three times as many men as could be employed during the day, between milkings. The average Iowa county of sixteen townships would require 10,128 milkers to meet the cows morning and evening, and the State would need 1,012,800 milk- This would take many times more Officer A. IT. Sraley of the Fail Hirer Police Bt highly gratified with Hood's SarsaparfH*. He was badly run down, bad no appetite, what ho dtd eat caused distress and ha felt tired all th« tine. A few bottles of Hood's BamparIHa effected a marvellous change. The distress In the stomach Is entirely gone, ho feels like a new man, and can eat anything with old-time relish. For all of which he thanks and cordially recommends Hood's Sarsaparllla. It Is very Important that during the months ot Karch April Dior the blood should be thoroughly purified and the system be given strength td withstand the debilitating effect of the changing season. For this purpose Hood's Sarsaparllla possesses peculiar merit and it Is the Beat Spring medicine. The following, Just received, demonstrate* Its wonderful blood- purifying powers: "C. I. Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass. : " Gentlemen: I have had ta.lt rheum tor a number of years, and for the past year one of my legs, from tho knee down, has been broken ont rcry badly. I took blood medicine for a long time with no good results, and was at ono time obliged to •wolk frith crutches. I finally concluded to try Hood's Sarsaparllla, aud before I had taken one bottle the improvement was so marked that I continued until I had taken three bottles, and am now better than I have been In years. The Inflammation has all left my leg and it is entirely healed. I have had Bucb. benefit from ttUU IV 13 bUQ JMWB* April that I concluded to writo this voluntary statement." F. J. TEMPLE, JRidgeway, Mich. HOOD'S PILLS act easily, prompt 1 .? and effl- etently on the liver and bowels. Best dinner pill. QUESTIONS ANSWERED. BKEEDING FOB MILK. Dow CITY, Iowa.—I am a constant reader of your Farm Department and am much Interested lu the writings. I find my cows do not come up to the standard ot 800 pounds per year, they being common cows >ought up around the country. I am de- irousof Improving them by using a full- hooded bull of some good milk strain that will be good for milk and beef. A. P. HAKDY. The breed of cows a farmer requires or milk and beef should depend on his urroundings. If his land is the heavy, ich, corn and grass lands of Iowa, and ic intends to feed well In winter, and <eep pastures In summer, he will have heavy cattle in time, let him begin with what he pleases. The 700 pound cow will double her weight in a few generations. If he owns the ligkier Iowa soils, or bluffy land that is not so good grazing or cropping land as the average of the State, he will be wise to get a smaller breed, suited to the soil. If he intends to get his feeding steers from his milk cows he must be satisfied with {rood milking qualities and good feeding qualities, and not look for the very best of both. With the common native cows, bulls from the special milk breeds will not give satisfactory feeders. The milk breeds give steers that grow well and feed well, but they do not lay beef on prime parts, and consequently do not sell high enough. The Shorthorn, the Red Polls, the Holstein and Ayrshire are all used as common e purpose cattle. The weak side of the Shorthorn Is, that so many of them have been bred in special beef directions that it is often difficult to get good milkers from them. The weak side of the Holstein is his beef side. No animal makes weight faster, bat the color is not popular and the breed does not get credit for all the. e««e|Lfin$e it ers. people than we have of milking age. No trouble about special dairying paying In Iowa better than anywhere else, but the dairymen must be located where they can call on milkers who do not work on the farm—something difficult to find in our State, The State makes ono hundred and eighty million pounds of butter now, In connection with the annual feeding of 800,000 steers. If Iowa farmers abandon beef and turn to the Jersey, beef will go up and butter will go down. Iowa would then keep 3,000,000 more cows—if milkers could be had. Where seventy-five head of cattle are kept on 100 average acres, ten to fifteen cows give milk. The help necessary to manage such a farm is two men, who can milk from ten to fifteen cows and do the oth- or work. The man who raises a few steers Insists upon getting milk from his cows. Conditions are very different from those in Wisconsin. There the farmer who keeps cows and makes silage and buys Iowa corn and Dakota bran, is wise to keep dairy cows as long as his neighbors In other States are stupid enough to send their grains to Wisconsin. to be made into butter. We admire the enterprise of the Wisconsin dairyman, but while one man here and there can imitate him In Iowa, It Is utterly out of the question to make the practice general, where one man manages the animals and acreage current in this State. Many of our 160 acre farms are worked by one man, wno grows 100 acres of crops and pastures thirty to forty head of cattle. This ia not the wisest farming, nor the best, but it is along the line of evolution between grain growing to sail and grain consuming on the farm. The next step is milking what cowa milkers can be had to attend to. Propose to crop less, graze more, make silage and stock with seventy-five Jerseys, and who will milk them? Will the governor as frankly tell ua how he would introduce special dairy farming and how far he would push it? The business of a few sharp fellows about Ft. Atkinson, who hire their neighbors to milk and buy feed from two States to conduct special dairying will cease and determine as soon as general purpose dairying grows enough in Iowa and Dakota to consume the grains grown in these States. One finds no difficulty whatever in pointing out the way to fortune, in special dairying or buying steers below their value and corn below its value and putting them together, but that would require BO many victims, nor would there be difficulty in finding greenhorns anywhere, and then setting sharp fellows to prey ffee legitimate . .« ~~ __^-» Kuclvleii's Ariicwi Salvo. The best salve in the world for cuts, bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, fever sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains, corns, and all skill eruptions, and positively cures Piles or no pay required. It is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction or money refunded. Price 25cents per box. For sale by Dr. L. A. Sheetz. 25 ATTENTION FARMERS. A great and long-felt v/aui, supplied. The "Illinois Fence Builder" will build your hog, stock and garden fences, stronger, safer and cheaper than you can possibly build with barb wire, as you can utilize material growing and unnecessarily going to waste on your farms. Or you can build A 1 fence of new material, 4 feet high, at a cost not to exceed 25c per rod. The machine is on exhibition near the Court House in Algona for inspection. We are not selling Blue Sky, but simply fence machines for the small sum of $10. Farmers especially, and all interested in fence building are cordially invited to come and be convinced of its merits. 31-3 BOWMAN & CAUDRY, Gen. Agts. Tanneries Shut Down. BUFFALO, May 16.—All the principal sole leather tanneries in New York and uast of Buffalo, numbering about one hundred and twenty, will shortly close iown for sixty days. So says Robert Keating, of Root & Keating, of this city, who was present at the meeting of tanners in New York last week, when this decision was reached. Mr. Keating says there has been considerable over-production of hides during the last two years. Trade is dull and hides and leather are cheaper than for the past seventy-five years. Five thousand workmen will be effected by the shut down. Pronounced Hopeless, Yet Saved. From a letter written by Mrs. Ada E, Hurd, af Groton, S. D., wo quote: "Was taken with with a bad cold, which settled on my lungs, cough set in and finally terminated in Consumption, Four doctors gave me up, saying I could live but a short time. I gave myself up to my Saviour, determined if I could not stay with my friends on earth, I would meet my absent ones above. My husband was advised to get Dr. King's New Dis- cavery for consumptioa,coughs and colds. I gave it trial, took in all, eight bottles; it has cured ma, and thank God I am now a well and hearty woman." Trial bottles free at Dr. L. A. Sheetz's Drug store, regular size, 5Qc and $1.00.- 4 SEDUCED BATES. The Chicago & Northwestern Ry C'o. has arranged for the sale of tickets at reduced rates to all persons attending the Convention of the National Association of Millers, to be held at Chicago, May 24th and 25th. Parties attending this convention should purchase tickets to Chicago via the Chicago & North-Western Railway at full rates, taking agent's receipt therefore, wuich, when certified by the Secretary of the Convention will be authority for agents at Chicago to Bell the holder a ticket to origina starting point at one-third of regular rate, provided the return journey is made on or before May 28th. For tickets and full information apply tp agents Chicago & North-Western Railway Companp. 88 HAtF BATES TO MINNEAPOLIS. The Chicago <fc North-Western R/y Co. will sell from all stations on its Hues within a radius of 850 miles of Minneapolis, ouJuoe84to ?th inclusive, tifijwts to Minneapolis »»4 return^ «t ojue f$ff far

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