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\ tWLK'AN, WKDNKShAV, AU10NA, IOWA, MAV II, ls<)2. dvening Power.—Latest U. S. Gov't Report I Baking £ fowler foaauneot PURE Farm and Stool Yard. JAMES WILSON, EDITOR. Says It's Approved. LONDON, May 9. — The Chronicle's Borne correspondent says: "The Vatican is preparing a negative reply to the petition of foreign Catholics in America for national priests. The Vatican argues that the Irish, although very numerous in America, have never made a Uurilar demand. It is stated that the pope will send an address later to the American i-piscopacy approving Archbishop Ireland's educational policy." Battfled by Salisbury anil Lincoln. LONDON, May 9.— The agreement in relation to Behring sea has been ratified by Lord Salisbury and Minister Lincoln in behalf of the British and the American governments. »v«>i> oj- a Oirl. MINNEAPOLIS, May 6. — At the interstate oratorical contest Miss E. Jean Nelson, of Do Pauw university, Greeri- castle, Ind.. vanquished nine competitors from as many states. She receives a cash prize of $100 and honors which eould he measured by ten times that amount. The contest was the nineteenth held by the Interstate Oratorical association and took place in the Lyceum theatre. e Protoat. WASHINGTON, May 6.— An emphatic protest by the Chinese minister bae been filed in the state department against the Chinese Delusion act which has just became a law. The protest was tiled before President Harrison had attached Ma signature to the hill in the hope that be might veto it, Specimen C'ases. S. H. Clifford, New Cassel, Wia., was troubled with neuralgia and rheumatism, bis stomach was disordered, his liver was affected to an alarming degree, appetite fell away, and he was terribly reduced in flesh aud strength. Three bottles of Elec iric bitters cured him. Edward Shepherd, Harrislmrg, Til.,had a running sore on his Teg-of 8 years' standing. Used three bot ties of Electric Bitters and 7 boxes of BucUlen's Arnica Siilyc, and his leg is sound and well. Jno. Speaker, Catawba, O.,had five largo fever sores on his leg doctors said he was incurable. One bottle electric Bitters and one box Bucklen's Arnica. Salve cured him entirely. Sold by L. A. Slice! 7.. ATTENTION FARMERS. A great and long-felt waul supplied. The "Illinois Pence Builder" will build your hog, stock and garden fences, stronger, safer and cheaper tlmn you can possibly build with barb wire, as you can utilize material growing and unnecessarily going to waste on your farms. Or you can build A 1 fence of new material, 4 feet high, at a cost not to exceed 25c per rod. The machine is on exhibition near the Court House in Algona for inspection. We are not selling Blue Sky, but simply fence machines for the small sum of $10. Farmers especially, and all interested in fence building are cordially invited to come and be convinced of its merits. 31-3 BOWMAN & CAUDRY, Gen. Agts. Jlipans Tabulos relievo scrofula, CATTI,K 1'ASTUUK. A limited number of cattle wanted to stock our pasture, located in Twp. 100, R. 30, Kossuth C«. 6000 acres of good grass land. Parties having cattle to let out, are requested to call on or address the undersigned for terms and references. Olaf, Wright Co., Iowa. 39-32 SIOSTAD Buos. Fish of all kinds white. Mackeral, Herring, Holland herring etc. LANODON & HUDSON'S. German Haptist Conference. Excursion tickets can be sold to the conference of German Baptist Brethern to be held at Cedar Rapids in June 3rd to 9tn at one fare for the round trip. C. M. & ST. P. RY. A Testimonial. McGregor Xcws: The gallant lowan JJcpix-scntativK Dolliver, is in demand wherever politics is to be discussed.. He is a power in party councils and a chief among ten thousand before the people. While traveling out west I suddenly a large portion of my hair Now Try This. It will cost you nothing and will surely do you good, tf you have a cough,cold or any trouble with throat, chest or lungs. . Dr. King's New Discovery for Consumption, coughs and colds is guaranteed to give relief, or money will be paid back. Sufferers from la grippe found it just the f jbing and under its uee had a speedy and perfect recovery. Try a sample bottle at our expense and learn for yourself how good n tiling it is. Trial bottles free at L. A. Sheet.z' drug store. Large size 50c, $1. The Small Urotlier. "Sister'll bo in right soon," said the talkative small brother to his sister's best beau. '-She's gone down ter the postoffice to get a passel." "But don't the postman bring your packages?" inquired the young man. "Nope. Not this time, 'case sister, she got a postal what said she must call herself; passel too big to be 'livered." "I'll bet you don't know what it is?" staid the fuuny young man interrogatively. "I just bet I do. It's sister's new shoes what's comin from New York."— Detroit Free Press. Physicians endorse and use Hall's Hair jenewer to cure gray and faded hair. Mau is like a glass of beer. Blowing the top of his head settles him. iSucUlen's Amelia Salve. The best salve in the world for cuts bruises, sores, ulcers, salt rheum, feve sores, tetter, chapped hands, chilblains corns, and all skin eruptions, ami posi tively cures Piles or no pay required. 1 ss guaranteed to give perfect satisfactio »r money refunded. Price 25cents pe feox. For sale by Dr. L. A. Sheetz. 25 and completely restored it. —Truth. This Is a good spring for grasses, but neat Is lacking to warm the ground fot cotn. For all the talk about moisture the soil In many places Is entirely dry a foot below the surface. Iowa farmers will wisely consider how to keep thoir lands yielding. Butter selling does least harm to the soil. Let's make fine butter. Other people can do something else. Those who buy the Alexandra separator are said to have suits In the federal courts for infringement of patent: It does seem to us that those who sell should do the lawtog and in this case the purchaser should bo "innocent.." The cotton growers of the South have been feeding cotton seed to cattle and are pleased with the results. If they would use all their cotton seed that way instead of using it as a lard adulterant they would be richer in the end and all would be much better off. There was not good cauae for a drop In the price of butter. It came from arrangement of dealers. The apring increase of milk had not come and has not at thia writing. There Is much balefu^ meddling with farmers' affairs that n body knowa how to prevent. but one bottle of your valuable remedy The greatest and most unique event of the times is the giving by Iowa to the starving Russians of 200 car loads of food. No other State equaled this in any other age. Iowa's educated people are the quickest to respond to the cry of distress. The most enlightened civilization is the most generous. Present prices of corn and hogs suggest the feeding on the farm of all grains grown, that are to be fed to animals anywhere. Last fall corn was cribbed and held, and hogs got rid of. Now hogs sell well and corn is cheaper than it was last fall. This is only additional evidence of the folly of special farming. It is unsafe and every now and then ruins those who adopt it. Henry Georgo proposes to increase the taxes on land until they equal a full rent, then the farmer works the land and pays the rent to the rest of the community who live on the rent. If we live to see that come about we will quit farming and join the other fellows, but there will be something said and done heforo that comes about. There is nothing new about this. It is the old desire of one man wanting to sit in the shade, while the other works for him in the sun. department of the farm, where milkers can be had, but we would also feed the "calves, keep hogs, a few sheep and be inde pendent. Speaking of general purpose cows reminds us of a practice in the southwest of Scotland many years ago of keeping Ayrshire cows in the dairy and breeding them to Galloways to secure good feeders. A very prevalent custom at present in Iowa is to cross breeds to get superior feeders. The most Immediate result Is better feeding of the young things, and the next result will be breeding from the crosses without observing the laws of improving. Well bred animals are not plenty enough to justify destroying any breed. It is not generally suspected that the early breeders culled out objectionable animals severely, and the new breeds being introduced by crossing will fail to make good impressions without selection. Cream has to be gathered where there is not enough business to justify buying a separator, and fine butter can be and la made from gathered cream. All precautions should be usp/ T* getting tho cream to the factory jj^>od shape, and this reminds ivfright parallel. When seats were £." notic'-jorn cultivators the principal^, thaf> J we had to them was the tend/wagori the manipulator to go aaleer/«nedicu)Jiced this strange tendency In sjr n < ma Sered cream men. We may kfjvi llerve d a peculiar set of them, £ dld ;e that as it may, we assuredly /aid select those we happened to know the laziest of the lazy. The extremes of heat and cold can be and must be kept from the cans if the cream is to reach the factory in good condition, and we never saw any serious attempt to do this. The American consul at Madgeburgh reports that two successive crops of beets are never grown on the same soil This is a hint for us. In fact, we should not grow two crops in succession of any kind, except corn where the land has lain long in grass. Europeans rotate and fertilize. We rest the land and let it recuperate in grass. Our consul says the Germans never plant beets the first crop, that is, after breaking up sod. Barley, potatoes and oats are first sown. This does not apply to our land. Early, fall-plowed sod would be excellent for beets, but spring plowing can hardly be reduced sufficiently. Beet growing with us must be conducted with regard to the cleanness of the land, as we have little time to fight weeds by hand. So new land in good tilth will give us the best results. Germans get help to pick weeds at lower rates than we can get it •oak 01 steam It, to yet to be demonstrated. Our correspondent will do well to try, and do good to report results,' as inquiring farmers are now hi this field and have their ears open. HOW IjONG TO OUt/CTVATE COBN. CHEROKEE, Iowa.—You have had mnch to say regarding the best method of planting and cultivating corn, but I have seen nothing regarding the proper time for lay- tag com bye. How long should corn be Cultivated? Please inform and oblige, Yours Truly, D. LAYTON. This is an open question. The practice is to stop cultivating when the double shovel plow breaks down the stalks. Our people have no time to continue work with a single horse and single cultivator. So the time to lay corn bye is determined 'naturally. If the corn has been planted quite early it will be in the condition we speak of sooner, and a question arises whether It would pay to continue work with a single horse. Weeds will start up under such conditions, but it is also an open question whether they do more good than harm. Bare land loses nitrogen by leaching much faster than land having growing plants on It. While the corn is growing the nitrogen will be conserved but it will ripen in early September when planted early, and then the question Is, should there be a late growth of something to prevent loss of nitrogen? As far as the growing crop is concerned, if the seed bed was properly made, and the land thoroughly cultivated until the corn shades the ground, that crop needs no more attention because shading prevents crusts from forming'on the surface, which is the greatest enemy of growth. So we conclude, cultivate until the corn is so high that the cultivator breaks the stalks and then the corn has all the benefit it can get from cultivation. If you w ant to sow winter rye or clover for the benefit of the land or for plowing down, that is another thing. GENERAL PURPOSE Silage may be made so palatable that stock will eat all the butt pieces of the corn, and it may be so sour as to be injurious to the milk and products made from it. The best is made from corn just dented, in air tight siloes, cut in short lengths, tramped solidly, covered with chaff. The poor stutT may be made several ways but the most certain is to put corn in the silo before the ears are In the dough. A sure way to get poor silage is to have walls that admit air, and another way is to be a week in filling the silo. In fact there are many ways of spoiling silage, but only one way of making it excellent. It costs about as much at this season of the year to pay for hauling milk to a factory as the excess of butter over the butter fat will bring. This excess varies from ten to twenty per cent., and consists of salt, water and a little casein. The factory has to pay for hauling the milk, and this the farmers could save if they so elect. It is the greatest expense connected with the butter factory. The commission is the next most imposing item. It is five per cent, on the price of the butter. Freight is less than the commission or the expense of gathering. Indeed, the hauling of the milk to the factory, an average of four miles, costs more than all other expenses put together, in the early spring. Coal, tubs and salt are all cheap. Skill and labor in the factory are dear if they are not efficient and cheap where they are. Milk has made money for farmers the past winter, if handled well in the dairy. AND SPECIAL COWS. One subject that will not down is the special purpose cow and the general purpose cow. Much has been written on the subject and a good deal of asperity has attended the discussion. People who have left some other business in middle life and turned to the farm and the cow and have studied dairying, but have not given attention to feeding for beef, are the special purpose people. People north, east and south of us where the soils are thin and the climate severe, and Iowa corn must be sent for, are special purpose cow people for the reason that the cows' milk turned Into fine butter will make more money than the feed that makes the same bring in beef. Nothing on pays so well just now turned into fine butter or you have the time to devote to it, many people outside of the grass A Wall. Oh, 1 caunot read ftnd I cannot write, And my nerves are all unstrung, for my neighbor whistles from merit till night, Till I'd gladly BCO him hung. Yes, 1 wish the Ughtnlag would strike blm dead, So he'd whistle with tho bleat; Then I might forget this pain In my head. Aud absorb a little rest. When I begin my nap to take On a summer afternoon, My neighbor is sure to keep me awake By whistling sonio solemn tune; And I kuow if nothing happens to him, Like a sudden lack of breath, He will follow up his Infernal whim Till I am whistled to death. At five o'clock on each new morn His whistle impales tho air, And I sometimes wish I'd never been born, And I forget myself and swear; And oft In the wee small hours of the night My nightmare whistles like mad, Till my hair has all turned from black to white, And I've lost almost all I had. I'd gladly give every cent I'm worth. And throw my wife's mother ii\, To be sure that no one who roams the earth Would ever whistle again. Stuff my ears with cotton when I am dead, And dig my resting place deep, So no one who whistles above my head Can over disturb my sloop. -Warner Willis Fries iu Texas Sittings. A Mistaken I'ollcy. First Tramp — I say, Mike, th' fashion of gents like mo an you carryin clubs is A mista'ke. Second Tramp — Git out! Clubs scares people inter bein hospitable, don't they? First Tramp — They meter; but w'en folks began ter notice our clubs they began ter keep big dogs, an now it takes all th cold vittles they has ter feed th' dogs.— New York Weekly. Handed Down. The most remarkable man of his age — Methuselah. — Life. milk will the farm as milk cheese, if and and have Prompt Promotion. Head of the Firm—How long you been with us now, James? Assistant Bookkeeper—Six years, sir. H. O. F.—And what salary are you getting? A. B.—Nine dollars a week, sir. H. O. F.—Ah! Nine dollars! Well, James, you have proved yourself a most trustworthy fellow, and as showing my appreciation of your honesty I have decided to let you sign for the registered letters this year.—Monetary Times. An Even Thing. Biggs—Let's start a newspaper. You furnish the money and I'll supply the brains. Diggs—Agreed. If we both put in our whole capital we shall have the satisfaction of knowing that we can never lose anything.—Boston Transcript. 1 Iowa State Board of Health. We suggest that farmers sow peas this spring and report at the institutes this winter. Hoard's Dairyman discloses the fact in reporting the dairymen's convention that the Wisconsin farmers have been growing peas and oats, and that they find peas equal to three times the weight of bran. They find pea meal away ahead of corn meal to feed with, which was to be expected. The Wisconsin farmer has set out to balance the corn ration with what he grows Instead of buying bran, which is a wise move for him, besides, bran can not be had by all who might want to feed it with corn. The pea is well worth considering by Iowa farmers. It is In order for our wool growers to bestir themselves, as the Australians intend to make such a display of wools at the Chicago exhibition as will confirm their assertions that we have heard so much, that this country can not grow all the wools it needs. The controversy is one of long standing. Our wool growers tell us they can grow all the wool we require. Let them prove this by such an exhibit as will settle the question. Public policies hang upon the result. If we can not grow some kinds let it be known. We predict that the American farmer will come out victorious. There is no reason.in the nature of soils, climate, breeds or management, why this country can not produce wool of all degrees of excellence. In its published report for 1892, strongly condemns the use of baking powders containing either alum or ammonia, citing numerous authorities to prove their injurious effects on the kidneys, liver, stomach, etc. Use Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder, the "•>1y pure Cream of Tartar powder on general sale in We doubt the permanency of special dairying. The dairy is the best paying department of the farm at present, but the time will surely come when the grass and corn belt of the country will take possession of dairying by feeding all its own grains, and while this is coming about butter will be low. Then the oleomargarine people are threatening legitimate dairying and there is no certainty that tihey will not compete seriously. It IB risky to put all efforts on a specialty. Dairying is extending very rapidly aud quite low prices may come for a time. JYe would make dairying a The greater amount of good blood bred into a family the better it will respond, provided the blood is valuable for the purpose you need. Be sure of your purpose and then get breeding in your line. If you want speed, breed for it. If weight with action, breed for both. If early maturity, get blood of that kind. If milk, breed from milking strains. If mutton and wool, breed for them. The young animal is the sum of its ancestors. Look then into the pedigrees of your breeders. Nature makes no mistakes. We often blunder or trust to luck, and luck is sure to go against us. You will not catch Williams breeding his Wilkes fillies to anything descended from slow goers, nor will Hoard breed his Jerseys to beef cattle, nor will Dunham use the trotter on his draft mares, nor will George M. Franklin breed his fine Light Brahmas to game fowls. It has taken generations "of care, ful men to bring excellence out of mediocrity in developing domestic animals. These masters of the art of breeding In different lines know too well the value of blood to use less than the very best they can get, and when they need a superior male they get him regardless of cost QUESTIONS ANSWERED. SILOING. LUVEBNK, Iowa.—I am thinking of buikUng a small, square silo, this season, and would like your advice on finishing it inside. Also what you would fill it with, clover or green corn expressly for hogs? Some think that Mammoth sweet corn la the best to put up. S. PEARSON. Get your silo air tight by making a dead air space so close that air will not enter below nor by the sides. Felt paper or tar paper, with matched boards, ia the readiest material obtainable. Corn silage ia not so good for any animal as clover. We have no experience with clover silage, but it is certain that silo- ing adds nothing to the nutritive qualities of any feed. It does keep fodders soft and well made silage ia palatable. Whether it is better to save clover this way for hogs, or to feed it as hay, or to corn belt must milk or starve. The special purpose cow man In Iowa is, as far as our acquaintance extends, well up in dairy lore and not well up in beef making. He is the owner of a moderate sized farm where there Is not room for meat making, and, wisely enough, he turns his time and skill to making the most of everything. We have other farmers differently situated in Iowa, gentlemen who have corn fields to turn Into money in some way. They have pastures to graze, fodders to feed beyond the capacity of the number of cows they can milk. They have well bred cows, some of them good milkers, some of them not. They must have growing animals to eat fodders and grains. They breed them, milk the cows, or part of them, raise the calves and get skim milk to help pigs over their trying period. Now, the special purpose man comes along, looks over the fence and suggests a Jersey bull to make better milkers. The farmer saya, "I must have feeders. My help is not equal to the milking of as many cows as would eat all my grass and grain, and yet I can do some milking. My help will milk a dozen cows, but I require 100 head of cattla " The special purpose man then tells him to turn to beef altogether, as one cow can not be used for both purposes. The general farmer replies that he has had just such cows all his life, that he has made it pay, his crops are all consumed on the farm, the farm la getting richer every year. Now, is it not evident that each of these gentlemen are doing what is beat for him? The man who can milk as many cows aa will consume all his crops does well to milk, and dispose of his calves, but does this commend itself for a moment to a farmer who must keep a hundred cattle with only one or two milkers? The world's cow ia the common purpose cow, and the special cow ia the exception. The advocatea of special purpose cows are not general farmers and can not be in Iowa. The State ia said to produce nine million bushels of corn. How many special purpoae cows should we keep to consume this? Another feature requires consideration. If we make special purpose beef cattle of one half and special purpose milk cattle of the other half, the beef half will not help except through their calves, and that will not pay on dear land. The Iowa farm, to meet tne requirements of enlightened society, must be managed in departments. The cow and her milk, and her calf growing into a feeding aiii-inal. The sow and her pigs that eat grass, grain and the bye products of the dairy. The mare to do farm work raising colts to sell. The ewe and her lambs to clothe and feed the family. This la the system that has paid and will pay. When specialties do not-pay tho specialist is Mr, Warren J). Wentz of Geneva, N. Y., Tells of His Fearful Sufferings After Gastric Fever and His Cure by "S ~ All who know Mr. W. D. Wentz give him the best of recommendations for honesty and integrity. For many years he has worked for Mr. D. P. Wilson, the harness maker and member of the Geneva Board of Health. He says: " I was taken sick last October with gastric fever and my chance for recovery was considered almost hopeless. After 7 weeks the fever'slowly left me, but I could not oat the simplest food without terrible distress. It seemed that I had recovered from tho fever to Die of Starvation I took pepsin compounds, bismuth, charcoal, cod liver oil and malt until my physician confessed that his skill was ahout exhausted and ho did not know what else to try. Everything I took seemed lilto pour- ins molted lead into ray stomach. I happened to think I had part of a bottlo of Hood's Barsaparilla that had heen in the house for two or three years, that I found had benefited me previously for dyspepsia. I began taking it and soon began to feel better. I have- now taken a little over two bottles and can truthfully say I feel well again and can eat anything without distressing me, even to Pie and Cheese which I have been unable to touch for years. The English language does not contain words enough to permit me to express tho praise I would like to give to Hood'a Sarsaparilla." W. D. WENTZ, 18J Castle St., Geneva. N. Y. A Good Voucher " I have known Mr. Warren D. Wentz for many years and can vouch for him aa a man of veracity and one well known about here. I have sold him several bottles of Hood's Sarsaparilla during the past few months." M. H. PAHX- BIDOE, Druggist, Geneva, N. Y. Hood's Pills cure Liver lies CHEAP PARMS IN South Dakota. Rich soil, large crops, fine climate. Parma were bought last year and paid for with one crop. These landa are located in the great ARTESIAN BASIN and in the JAMES RIVER VALLEY. The wheat crop of 1891 averaged 20 bushels, and the proapects are better now than they were a year ago. Sanborn county is one of the best in the State for Wheat, Oats, Corn, Grass and General Farming. Selling rapidly. Prices advancing. Now is the time. Send for circular to 80 41 H. E. MAYHEW, Letcher, S. D Two Dally Trains to Montana and Pacific Coast. On and after April 3d, trains on the Northern Pacific il'y will run as follows : Train No. 3 will leave St. Paul 9 :0e a in. dally, running through to Spokane, Seattle, Tacoma and Portland via Butte, Montana. Train No. 1 will leave St.Paul 4 :15 p. in. daily, running through to Spokane, Se»t0e,Tacoma and Portland via Helena, Montana. Both trains carry complete equipment of Pullman first-class sleepers, tourist sleeping cars, free colonist sleepers, day coaches and dining cars. Through Pullman and tourist sleeping cars will leave Chicago 10 :45 p in daily, via Wisconsin Central Line, for Montana and the Pacific Northwest. First-class vestibule sleeper will leave Chicago 6pm daily, via 0. M. & Kt. Ky., for Butte, Spokane and Portland.These through sleeping cars afford the best of accommodations and enable travelers to avoid all trouble oi 1 delays from change of cars eii route. Tho dining cars on the Northern Pacific Line continue to meet with favor with the traveling public. No efforts are spared by the company to make this an attractive part of the service. With the superior accommodations now offered tourists, business men or settlers will find the Northern Pacific Line the best route to Minn., North Dakota, Manitoba, Montana, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, Alaska and California. Montana, Kastern and Western Washington folders,•'Woudfrland"book, Sportsmen's guide, Yellowstone Park,Broad water Hot Springs and Alaska foltiers tor the season of 1892 are now out of press. Any of these publications mailed free ou application to General or District Passenger Agents, Northern Pacific B'y.or to Ohas. 8. Fee, ti. P. &T. A..N. P. KB., St. Paul Minu.