The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on February 24, 1892 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, February 24, 1892
Page 8
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Farm and StgcK YaM, THE SKPOBMCAN, ALGOJtA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY. CTiBStJAKV M. 1891 Seed down with barley and give the young grass an opportunity. The Wyoming experiment station reports that State a good place to grow sugar beets. ...... We doubt if first rate dairy products can be made without first rate water for the cows. Many Iowa dairymen do not realize this. . The feeding ration of Great Britain for beef is oil meal and turnips. They grow I the turnips and send here for the oil meal. Sharp fellows. If you want to get oats that will do best, look to the northern latitudes. Our climate is a little too hot for oats, and we must constantly renew seed to get AUBURN, NEW YORK. Ist-Thc utmost care that is given in selecting and buying none but the best of materials. "d— The best of workmanship in all their branches. 3d-By the combination and practical use of the most important im- effect the most obtainable result in regard to quality and durability. Our instruments have a rich volume of tone, pure and ot long sustaining, singing quality. Our cases are double veneered inside and outside, thus avoiding the framed together like a door, and therefore hound "ourpatent^usic rack is the plainest and yet most serviceable in existence Our patent fall board is a novelty and of the most practical usefulness. The patent repeating action is highly appreciated by expert players, as well as by scholars. . . The patent tuning-pin fastening, only used in our pianos, is the most important improvement ever invented; the tuning pin being inserted only in the full iron frame thus lessening the liability of stretching and loosing of the spring, so commonly found in pianos with wooden wrest planks We challenge the world that our piano will stand longer in tune than any other made in the ordinary way. Special prices to introduce these pianos where we have no agent. Good agents wanted. Direct all correspondence to J? LISTER, Box 38, GLIDDEN, IOWA, Supt. of Iowa agencies. A Farm and Stock Paper FREE ubscrita of THE REPUBLICAN! About this time of year stock that has been fed on poor fare, like straw -and corn stalks and perhaps a little corn, begin to weaken. It will pay to devote a few bushels of grain to each of thejn, if they are to do well on the grass. The cow rations of the East are made up of bran and corn meal from the West and cotton seed meal from the South. Whether the hay is all grown in the East, we are not sure, but they must be bright people to send so far for cow feed. Hogs are going up. The rush to sel' from October to February is understood by packers. The price for hogs always rules lowest in late fall and winter. True pork is made cheapest in the fall, bu there is not so much difference in cost a the market makes. Whatever can be done now should b done on the farm in the way of gettin ready for spring work. Six weeks in spring is a busy season. All tools should be got ready, all harness looked over, fuel provided, feed convenient as possible for April feeding. Grass seeding and stalk cutting can be done before plowing time comes. It is lost time to plant late in Iowa, as a general thing. Bulletin No. 15, of the Iowa experiment station, is being mailed. It has an article on sugar beet growing from the farmer's standpoint, the analysis of the beets grown in most counties of the State, an article by Prof. Pammel on beet diseases, several from Prof. Osborne on insects injurious to the farm, an article on indoor feeding of green crops and one on time of sowing grass seed. ter than fattti life Will dhaitge. tewn holds he* future rewards for intelligent effort in the dairy, the breeding stables and feed yards. f We are surprised that farm lands in southern Iowa, where the grazing season is longer than in the north part of the State, are-not held higher. There is a movement to extend dairying down there, that will, we think, put more monV in the pockets of the farmers. We do not consider a farming neighborhood complete without first-class dairying. Beef making, mutton and pork making and horse breeding are all well enough, and certain men in all neighborhoods find it convenient' and profitable to engage in such industries, but we think it is a safe proposition to lay down that no county in Iowa that neglects dairying will make money as fast as the counties that dairy. It is reported that 'Iowa is feeding more cattle than any other State. This s probably the case. But we can not lear from a locality that is feeding the usual number. The high price of corn and the slim profits had for some years jack from common cattle have hindered feeding. Then the dairy business is extending rapidly over the State and stopping feeding. Dairying, properly conducted, has been paying better than meat making. We have an idea that a general system that includes both dairying and beef making is most profitable for Iowa, and we think the time will come when more farmers will see it. We think the beef combine is helping along the dairy industry. There is, we are sure, a wide field yet to occupy in both butter and cheese making—particularly in cheese making. Many sections can not make either as cheaply as we can. ^TM^S^N •~;.;pp\ ^SIilH\ We are phased to announce that we have made arrange ments with the publishers of The Western Plowman whereby we can give that excellent Stock, Farm and Household 'Journal PR15I3 to every subscriber of THE REI-UIU.TCAN upon conditions named below. The arrangement is For a Limited Time Only! And will bo offered by no other paper m Kossuth county ' To all who pay all arrearages and one year in advance from the date payment we will give The Western Plowman Free lor one year. To .11 new subscribers who pay one year in advance from date of payment we will "ivc The Western Plowman Free ior one year. \>all whose subscription is paid a part oE the year in advancewho will pay enough to make it a whole year in advance, will give The Western Plowman Free tor one year. IHiTistuelESTERmOIfflAN? The Western Plowman is a 90 column Stock and Farm paper and is chuck full of practical, valuable information lor he farmer and stock raiser. Come in and subscribe new; get your friends to come with you and get the best paper published in Kossuth county aud an excellent'farm paper with it. There is just one way to make the best butter and any deviation gives something else than the best. The feed must be strong enough and have no objectionable ingredient. The cows must be healthy, and not far advanced in pregnancy. The surroundings must be sweet. Temperatures must be approved all the way during the journey of butter making. With experience and conven- iencies there is no need of selling below Elgin extras. Iowa has the feed, cheap, and is fast getting the rest. Really it would seem as if the farmer would have to go back to the killing of his own hogs, and he would if he could get the product carried to consumers as cheaply as can the packers, but he can not. He can, however, kill and cure what is wanted in the State with profit. It seems folly to send our hogs to Chicago to be made into hams, bacon and lard, and have them come back to Iowa to be eaten. It is also utter shiftlessness to send our cows and heifers to Chicago to have Armour kill them and send them back. Nothing would hinder a farm neighborhood from supplying a neighboring town with meat. An outfit for this purpose is not expensive. There are ways to get round the combines. The beef combine, we think, is pressing so many farmers out of the business that it is likely to br' . 6 a'oout its own cure. Good butter is not in a combination. Make it. fation tip td tfrfc tlfte of B uu»;i«tfc ftoesfaet fed i on c6*n as itgtewttad What fe no* called a very wide ration. The corn its^H was'in the ratio of one part of th< albuminous to eight or more of the car- bo-hydrates. The corn fodder was still wider. The steer fattened, but he did it slowly. He would have fattened quite as well with half of the starch tak en out of his corn before he begun to eat it, because thenfce would have had plen ty left. The old-time steer never had a properly balanced ration d'xcept when he was eating the wild prairie upland grass. That was excellent. Now-a-days the well bred steer has a better ration nearly all of the time. His tame pasture is na ture's ration, not to be vimproved Upon He has a lacking usually when wintoi deprives him of pasture. Improvement is to be made here by the feeder by im Hating nature as closely as possible and making the winter feed as near the sum mer feed as possible. Cornstalks and straw will not do it. We can grow .the young steer some on old-fashioned rn tions, but we need not wait. Iowa soils will grow many, things that will keup the young'steer growing when he can not get gr«\ss: Oats and clover hay come very near to summer pasture. OUT farmers who do not save winter pastures can do no better than feed clover hay in winter, or shoaf oats with corn, to keep the young steer growing. When we feed now we need not wait six momths. Four months corn feeding with cloVer hay instead of corn stalks, and something like flax or oats to take the place of part of the corn, will hasten the fattening. Flax and oats cost more than corn, but a steer fed exclusively on corn wastes more than he digests. Modern feeding is stopping this waste, and shortening the feeding period. Our farmers, this coming year, can make it pay to prepare for" the feeding of next winter by growing clover, oats, barley, peas or any of the fod ders that complement corn. There 18 nothtnK like ttad RESTORATIVE NERVINE dtecovercd jjy the great Bpeclallft, MILES, to cure aU nervous diseases, as ttieH?* the Blues, Noryoun Prostra- on? Sleeple*8no«*8. Neuralgia, 8t, V tu«. "We have never known soils we DR. MILES' MEDICAL CO., Elkhart.lnd. TRIAL. BOTT1J3 EREE. Sold by F. W. DINGLEY. OOMES I2ST OIsTOES. See to the water arrangements for stock next season. Our farmers have lost seriously for several years baclc by being compelled to sell off stock on account of water failing. Many fields could not be gra/.ed for want of water. Stock that have not been sacrificed on glutted markets have done no good for want of water. The farm must have water and if the shallow wells fail the farmer should go down deep enough to Set water. There are no two ways about this. Next, look, over the pastures. If they have been bare and stock have suf- IVred it will occur again. Either get rid of the poorer stock by feeding it off— and this is the time to do it—or conclude i'> -.'row something to help the pasture with, or determine to give tho hay lots m ihi- slock and get the winter keeping iiiisn ili" corn stalk fields. The draft colt while he is growing to maturity and full value is all the better for working a little in the press of work in spring. He should be accustomed to harness and light work at two years old, but nothing heavy or exhausting. At three he can do enough in six weeks to earn his keeping for a year. Then he should have the grass again. At four he should work regularly, but it is not safe to put him then to heavy lifting. He can plow and harrow and work in the reaper and mower, but should not be put on the thresher. At five he is at full value and ready for the market. The speed horse needs as steady and much more careful handling, but he does not pay in cash. He gives occasion for telling stories, takes the place of hunting tales and fish stories, and fills his place in time that way. The farmer can best use the draft horse in his business. ' A STERLING WIERBT. OF PRICE PER PACSCET, 65 CEBITS. EXCELLENT FLAVOR. CREAM BRIGHT COLOR. Unsurpassed for cutting. Magnificently fringed. Kountt as a ball. Easy to raise. Price per pkt., 15c. 1 h'-rt! is demand for jrood, pedigreed M-';. but, it must bo good. The prices i i'i''l'T-i £et who are at pains and MI.-MSI? to hiwi nice things are'not fan- v. but they sii-fi Irom three or four to '.,„ iiuir; In-Hl' prices. Thero is not so iiiirh iK^u-cl oi' (,'ood herds by buyers as !.-•• is of hrrrtr* that have not been kept i , i., iii-.-.i-cla.srf standard. We have a mod many farmers who will pay well 'or tfood sirus, and breeders who aim to suit them are still doing good business. lJr«edurs"who have permitted their herds to run down make more money in feeding than selling for breeders. A horse tliat is not all right as a breeder should be put to work; a bull that is not excellent should be made a feeder; an inferior buck well fed will make a good mutton, and only the finer specimens oi the hog sell above pork price. Very productive, high quality and sugar flavor. Having thoroughly tested it, we can eoulldt-utly recommend it as the best garden I'ea ever introduced. Per packet, 15 cents ; pint, 75 cents. 2 colored plate tjOnS llOU' lO |JlUUt. U11U Utlll; lUl f^ulUtu. o^sanv* •»**«**&>. m*» urw* «ww . receipt ui luldrc&j and 10 cents, which may be deducted from first order JAMES VICK'S SONS^Rochester, N.Y. The boy going to the agricultural college from the district school should know how to milk. He will be taught what milk is and what can be done with it. He should know how to plow and hoo. He will bo taught why he plows and hoes. He should know a sick from a Well animal. He will be taught what | makes the difference. He knows a bug when he sees it. He will be taught the difference between our insect friends and enemies. He knows a pasture from a plowed field. He will be taught how plants feed and the value of different varieties, as well as the science that recognizes species kindred and otherwise, whenever he sees them. He knows a pasture from a pond. He will be introduced to new kingdoms in the world of waters he never dreamed of. He can pitch hay and knows good from bad. He will be taught what makes the differenco through the operations of the ferments. His education will be concerning the farm on the face of the earth, above it and below it, the sciences that underlie agriculture and the arts by which it is conducted. ffr (Jet your Printed at the Republican Office do all fcio4s of Job Work ami will you If the eastern States did not make better average butter than the West they could not compete in the butter market at all. The West is talcing up slack rapidly in this regard. The boys at the dairy school have been making butter that sells up to the Elgin level in Boston and New York. We expect hundreds of young men to turn their attention to dairying and to getting the knowledge that takes the'm to the front. Our State is only beginning to milk cows. We have only begun to enquire how to feed a cow and what to grow to feed her sritk The big pay ia to come from suck directions ia the future. The country will get it tb?Wjg£ ¥i head 8.0^ FEEDING, PAST AND VBESENT. The early habit was to wait till the steer was coming four years old and then feed him 100 bushels of corn or thereabouts, over six mouths' time. The steer got fat. He weighed on an average 1,100 pounds when he begun to fatten and 1,400 when he started for market, If he happened to have good blood in him the operation could have been begun a year sooner, wlien the gain was more from the same amount of feed. Now-a-days steers well bred are partially fattened on tame grass at two years old and make the same weights at*thirty months that the four-year-olds made in old times, and that old-fashioned cattle make at the present time. The steejc to matured earlier now for two reasons, hlapd ia him thai fe#Jf 1*1*4* QUESTIONS ANSWERED. SEEDING DOWN. ALGONA, January 23.—Being'somewhat in doubt how to seed my lands with grass seed to the best advantage for permanent pasture and hay land, I respectfully ask your advice. My lands are in a high state of cultivation and well manured. I in tend to seed down 400 acres this sprlni and I dont want to make any mistakes ij can help it. How many quarts of re£ closer, timothv and blue grass shall I «ow to an acre? Would you advise me to mix alsike and white clover in with the other? I don't care for the cost of it rf I only get it right. C.L. LTTND. It 15 a pleasure to an«\ver a letter from as intelligent a man as Mr. Lund. The Bulletin No. 15, now about to be sent out, has an article treating this question as regards time of sowing grass seed, but we never anticipate the bulletin findings in our correspondence, and besides, newspaper articles are not so tight-laced as bulletin indications, so we will go over grass seeding a little here. First, we would sow all grass seeds early. We would not aim to sow any after the middle of April, and those sown at the middle of March are almost certain to be the best stand. If corn ground is seeded down we would cut the stalks with the rolling cutter in early March, then sow the grass seed in that month or in early April. After the ground is ready for the grain that is to be sown on the same ground, we would sow that and harrow thoroughly. The plan involves two sowings, but good work is wanted. The grass seed and grain may be sown together provided the sowing is not later than the first days of April. May sowing of grass seed or even late April sowing is in great danger of failing, because drouths go into the soil faster than the young grass roots. We would cover well. In western Iowa aud on new lands the cultivator should be used after sowing. In eastern Iowa and most old lands the stalk cutter and harrow make a good job. On fall plowing we would use the cultivator after the later sowings. The March sowings on snow or before snow and spring rains will do very well with or without harrowing, but only the March sowings should be risked without harrowing. Rolling, if the ground is dry, is good for new grass sowings. Bow liberally of about all the grasses for permanent pasture. Red top is not well grazed and we would except it. Sow twice as much for pasture as for grazing. New lands, lately in wild prairie, require more seed than the older lands. Get in six pounds of medium red clover, one of white, and one of alsike. Add six pounds of timothy and a bushel of blue grass in the chaff to the acre. Half of this without the blue grass for land that is to be rotated will do if a good seed-bed is made and the seed put in early. But the amount of seed depends entirely on the time of sowing and the seed-bed, and cleanness of the land. We •owed a peck of timothy and a peck ol red clover, some alsike and white clover in early days for pasture. We sow less now on old land, because seed remains in the soil, and old land is more favorable to seeding than new. Now as to nurse crops. You will get good pasturing ia June if you sow in March. It, however, you want to sow grain, avoid oats. They cover the ground closely aod shade too much. Barley is much, bette^ WLensurey barley is yielding heavily you do sow oats do aot seed h*4 Barley matures quicker any oibfi* grain. Flax does very well fo* ft crop and whe*t f avots tee y<M*8« . plant. TkBvery b*»t p&sjaws *W had, RILEY & YOUNG'S Combination SLAT and IQffi FEME. It is a fence for open countries, for It cannot no blown down. It Is the fence for low lands, for It cannot be washed away, it destroys HO ground whatever, and if benuty be considered an advantage, it is tlie neatest and handsomest farm fence Tn In short, it combines the pood qualities of all fences in an eminent degree, and as soon as introduced will become the popular fence of tlm country. It is beautiful and din-able. It is strong and will Increase the price of your farm far more than any other fence. It will last much longer than any other t fence. It is a great addition, occupies less f ground, excludes less sunshine, has no superior as a fence. It is stronger than any other fence and will turn .any stock no matter how breachy. It is plainly visible, and is not dangerous to stock like barb wire. The best horse fence in the world. It will protect all crops from a half grown chicken to a wild ox. It is the most uniform, and by comparison of cost much the cheapest. Kept for sale in all parts of Kossuth county. Made by lllley & Young. Algona, lowa. __ The "MERRITT. " Prints 78 letters and characters. Price $15 GEO. H. SMITH & CO., Ceilav Bapuls, Iowa. !•*' •** ™— t>__l_ WT..1.... l.e.Ja«<.«n»Vamn Gentlemen, Ladles, Youths;, Athlete or Invalid. A comp gymnasium. Takes up but 6 to., square floor-room i new, scientific, durable, comprehensive, cheap., 5***~****». • _J~«.*..*\A *._«4.«kl«*in * yon, ergymen; ealfors nowMlSlltr Send tor lli. lar. 40 encr'a; no charge* rrot. oj Otowd.WntWo Phjalcftl and . »«••« I"* st, NeWYork. „ (CYCLES. UDIU'&NTLCMEN. flfPLICATION' X This space is • reserved for Pr L. K. Garfield, who will sell u any bicycle not represented by ? /IfelHG Alula *& \9, -,T L. LBSSING, Algooa. Iowa. LEGAL BLANKS De*4j Quit Oteiw »ee4, gage ftot

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