The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on February 17, 1892 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, February 17, 1892
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THE REPUBLICAN, ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1892. Farm and Stock Yard, JAMES WILSON, fi THE WEGMAH PIANO co, AUBURN, NEW YORK. 1st—The utmost care that is given in selecting and buying none bul the best of materials. 3d—The best of workmanship in all their branches. 3d—By the combination and practical use of the most important improvements made. In this manner we effect the most obtainable result in regard to quality r.nd durability. Our instruments have a rich volume of tone, pure and of 3ong sustaining, singing quality. Our cases are double veneered inside and outside, thus avoiding the checking and warping. Our key-bottoms are framed together like a door, and therefore bound •o keep straight. Our patent music rack is the plainest and yet most serviceable in existence Our patent, fall board is a novelty and of the most practical usefulness. The patent repeating action is highly appreciated by expert players, as well as by scholars. The patent tuning-pin fastening, only used in our pianos, is the most important improvement ever invented; the tuning pin being inserted only in the full iron frame thus lessening the liability of stretching and loosing of the springs, so commonly found in pianos with wooden wrest planks. We challenge the world that our piano will stand longer in tune than any other made in the ordinary way. Special prices to introduce these pianos where we have no agent. Good agents wanted. Direct all correspondence to J. LISTER, Box 38, GLIDDEN, IOWA, Supt. of Iowa agencies. AN UNPARALLELED OFFER! A Farm and Stock Paper FREE To Every Subscriber of THE REPUBLICAN! We are pleased to announce that we have made arrange ments with the publishers of The Western Plowman whereby we can give that excellent Stock, Farm and Household Journal FRI3E to every subscriber of THE REPUBLICAN upon conditions named below. The arrangement is For a Limited Time Only! And will be offered by no other paper in Kossuth county £3g"To all who pay all arrearages and one year in advance from the date payment we will give The Western Plowman Free lor one yeai't £3p'To all new subscribers who pay one year in advance from date of payment we will give The Western Plowman Free for one year. jJ3PTo all whose subscription is paid a part of the year in advancewho will pay enough to make it a whole year in advance, will give The Western Plowman Free for one year. WHAT is the WESTERN PLOWMAN? The Western Plowman is a 90 column riteck and Farm paper and is chuck full of practical, valuable information for ..he farmer and stock raiser. Come in and subscribe now; get your friends to come with you and get the best paper published in Kossuth couuty anil an excellent farm paper with it. IIST .A.T O3STOE3. A BBOVELTY OF &TERE.DN® PRBCE PACKET, CEBITS., FLAVOR BRIGHT CREAM COLOR, -. Unsurpassed for cutting Majji.ilicenily iYingud. Bound as a ball Easy to raise-" Price j>ur p'-t i v '* . ^ ^'TTJVairW' .•,,. t ». ;.•,,..•//;,!,„,•,„.', «,/., ahi.ae , \ U'K'* ^ OKA1, OTIDK ISO'J. w ,\ v'T'Vl' n'' 'I'-'lT,-"" r -"Tl" '' ] ' 000111u ' tratioll!i . OverlUOp::«ts8x .•; .r, ;;--;:-t ; •> ;;,i \ : » touts, wljicli iiiu.v Ic deducted IVoui first order ' " ' -J% ' ' '' ' " '"' \MEb DICK'S SONS, Rochester, N.Y. The Changing of tn» hog pasture evefy year would give us healthier hogs. Iowa has a very large number ot country families that are Intelligent, In* dependent, well-to-do, skilled In support- Ing their conditions In life, the genuine country gentleman. Let breeders who have been feeding well bred animals on corn diet exclusively stop and consider whether that has not been one main cause of deterioration in many herds. Somebody says that those who advise the feeding of oil meal are helping the flax combination. And of course If we drink coffee we help the coffee combination, and if we eat oat meal we help out the oat meal combination. The discussion of feeds has nothing to do with combines. The flght is very prominent in some men. Prof. Sanborn kept warring with his fellows in the experiment line until they ceased to pay attention to him, but have a racket he must; he has it with every breeder of good blood in the land. That should make him happy. It requires no ordinary stomach to champion the ranch steer against the beef breeds of the Mississippi valley. Those managing the experiment station take advice from the farmers of the State with regard to what lines of work to engage in. One class of advice they must let alone. When somebody thinks he has discovered perpetual motion or a cure for hog cholera, and demands that the experiment station try either, he must be civilly but firmly told that oth- ur work presses. Be careful in feeding roots to milch cows that the butter is not hurt. Very heavy feeding of roots of any kind will give bad flavors to butter. Nothing excels our corn for butter, and when something is fed with it to make the corn more digestible and milk inducing it is the best feed, all things considered, we have. Roots are valuable to keep the cow healthy. Mangels, we think, are less objectionable than any other root, and very palatable. Good silage takes the place of roots very generally, but it is an open question which can be had cheapest. This we know will raise the ire of silage folks, but we must say what we think. ___ The multiplicity of farm writers furnish us with variety of attainments. The best discuss what is current at the time, avoiding the subjects that 'fanners are born and educated to disagree abbut. Human nature is present among them. Most are good fallows, some are a shade heady, others a trifle incessive; all doing good work and creating appetite for what they provide. The demand for good work in this line grows, and our most pretentious dailies and magazines affect agriculture. Soon no county weekly in Iowa will be able to reach the farmers of a county without an intelligent discussion of what pertains to the farm. Some very bright young fellows are winning their spurs just now, who will make national reputations if they live. Get your BILLS Printed at the Republican Office We do all kinds of Job Work aud will give you satisfaction. Nothing the farm grows is too good for the young colt that is to make a high selling horse. If he is a draft colt, feed him well. Give him oats, carrots or beets, skim milk, clover hay, a little corn, and plenty of exercise. If he is to be a speed horse then he must be fed well. These speed horses have the Eng- glish running horses blood as their best heritage, and that has the Arab blood, and the Arab raised his colts on the best pastures of Mesopotamia. There is a lurking idea that scant feeding und toughening in youth makes the best horse. It makes runts of horses or men. The Iowa breeder must not give his colt' u ration of corn as he gives most everything else. That may fora time make a 1'at colt, but not a vigorous, well developed colt. Heavy horses, that is, 1,001) pound horses, are selling well, ami Iowa is the place to make them. Sec-diii-,- 1 time is at hand. The seeds- men of the East are sending oat beautifully engraved catalogues of their seeds, but at the same time they refuse to warrant seeds pure, and their seeds are not pure as the Iowa station showed, but shamefully impure, mixed with sand and other things that weigh well. It was found that seeds bought from Iowa dealers, grown in Iowa, were much purer than those from eastern houses. We advise trying all seeds before planting them in field or garden. Great disappointment and serious loss comes when seeds do not gernlinate, and it is a loss the farmer need not stand and should not. We hope to see our Iowa seedsmen establish themselves in the confidence of our people by seeing to it that seeds are what they should be. have resulted. Animals differ. As t* gards feeding, a little oil meal—«&y a pound a day—two weeks before the cow is due to "Come in," we think is wise. Abortions very iafisiy occur in the last month. The fifth, seventh and eighth months are the dangerous times. Open weather in winter la a boon if we have anything for animals to eat, but if the pastures are bare stock only wander about and do nothing but exhaust themselves. Whatever they eat that is not nutritious Is injurious. So we find that it does not pay to turn stock out doors for nothing but exercise. Stockers generally suffer most in this regard. No sane man will permit milch cows or feeding steers to wander in bare pastures or stalk fields. The stockers that are expected to clean up stalks and straw stacks and swale hay and the like, may go through winter if not watched and studied and attended to without paying for the poor forage they got. A little corn given from now on will pay at good rates. The thin animal in changeable weather suffers severely if It Is not warmed up with corn. Cattle that are confined in warm barns are affected more with lice than cattle that are kept in open sheds during the winter. Since dehorning has become fashionable, cattle barns are more crowded, which condition favors the development of lice. Cattle thus confined are also less able to rid themselves of lice. It seems as though farmers should pay more attention to their lousy cattle. The largest per cent, of cattle kept in barns are calves. This being a fact it)becomes all the more necessary that some attention be paid to them. Calves are always put In the warmest barns. On some farms the calves are the only animals in which there is much growth expected. Calves that are lousy will not make as large a growth as they otherwise would. Cattle are affected with two distinct species. The largest and most harmful of these is haematropinus eu- rysternus, commonly spoken of as "the big blue louse." This species obtains its nourishment by means of its suctorial mouth. The other species, trichodectes scalaris, is the smallest of the two and does not suck blood, but feeds upon the hair and cuticle of the animal. When these lice become numerous they interfere with the animal's comfort, which is shown by constant rubbing and licking, that is seen when animals are turned out for water. There are several remedies. The cheapest, and one of the best, is kerosene emulsion, which can be prepared by any farmer without a special visit to the drug store. The emulsion is prepared by dissolving one-half pound of hard soap in a gallon of water by ' boiling, and while boiling hot remove from the fire and add two gallons of kerosene; then the mixture should be agitated which is best done by a syringe or force pump. In preparing the emulsion care should be taken to keep the kerosene away'from tha fire. The emulsion should be diluted with six or eight Mines its volume of water before using. It may be applied with a force pump, syringe or brush. If one application is not sufficient, it should be repeated. Other remedies may be preferred because they have been used by different farmers and are known to kill the lice, which is the thing to be accomplished. Considerable discussion goes the rounds whether cows should have oil meal while pregnant and whether they can safely be fed oil meal with 4 a few weeks of "coming in." Wo^-have had heifers abort in the feeding yard that were pregnant after we fed oil meal with the corn, and for that reason have been advising against it, but we fed three 01 four pounds a clay. We do not know whether feeding half that amount would have had the same effect. In some case* likely_aot It other cases mischief may the college farm did turn over eighty acres that have* had been plowed befo«e. Just here we desire to make mention of the fact that It is scarcely posstblfe to devise means of hitching up enough of Ugh* horses to do such plowing. Three 1,600 pound horses, abreast, with a first class sod plow, Welt set, will plow up blue grass sod if it is very dry, if they are not pushed at it. This is an often rectiring condition on the farm, and when the farmer is not prepared with heavy horses, such work cannot be easily done. Spring plowing of tough sod, if done very early, will rot fairly well; late spring plowing is very difficult to pulverize into a good seed bed, but even that can bo done with sufficient work. The Acme cultivators, a class of implements that do good workc but are very heavy to handle, are well adapted for this work. We suggest harrowing as soon as the plowing Is done, before dry weather forms .clods and hardens the furrow. Whoever plows blue grass sod in the spring must expect to devote a great deal of time to working it into a good seed bed, and then it can scarcely be made equal to fall plowing, nor can as heavy a crop of corn be looked for. But a good crop can be had by working long enough and to good enough purpose. OIL CAKE AND OIL MEAL. SAO CITY, Iowa, Jan. Mi.— At the meeting of the farmers' institute, last week, the advisability of feeding flax seed meal in the place of oil cake was discussed. We were requested to send you a sample of meal and ask you about its use, and the best way to feed, also what should be the feed ration? What is the relative value of the meal as compared to oil cake? Will you kindly furnish us with the desired information? Yours truly, BARNAIH> & BIG FEEDERS. British feeders put much more value on skim milk than we do. They estimate it at 75 cents a hundred pounds. It has value to balance starchy feed the same as oil meal has. Oil meal is in the hands of a well organized combination, and prices during the winter for it and flax seed plainly show it. While experiments are being made to determine the feeding value of ground flax seed, it is in order to discuss what substitutes may profitably bo used. For colts, calves, hogs, and cows giving milk, skim milk has great value, and it is valuable just as oil meal, clover, peas and oats are valuable, to balance the corn ration. The full value of these albuminous feeds is not found by recording their weight producing value... Corn is better assimilated when fed with them. Corn does not fatten alone as well as when fed with some of these feeds. Foreigners pay high for our oil meal for the reason that it not only tones up starchy feeds, but is very valuable for manure. Skim milk has.,a similar value, both to mix with starchy feed and to make valuable manure. The animal does not get all the good there is in any feed, and when the manure is properly saved and applied the feed is still useful and returns come from it. Manure from starchy feeds is not so valuable—some say of no value. There is a value in manure aside from feeding plants. It brings about soil conditions that are necessary. We conclude that skim milk is one of the most valuable by products of the farm. In the plenitude of everything eatable for man* and beast in Iowa', we have overlooked many little things and this is one of them. Nothing demands our attention more than economy in feeding, and the production of what we feed. QUESTIONS ANSWEltEU. SPUING PLOWING FOIl COBX. BROOKLYN, January 29.— Please your views on plowing up blue grass in In the spring for corn. Have a blue grass field that has not been plowed for about thirty years. It was too dry during the fall to plow and would like to know what your Ideas are in regard to spring _plowi»g for a corn crop. Yours truly, A. J. RYAN. Spring plowing for corn should be done as soon as the frost is out enough to get a furrow of four Last fall was dry, but heavy hopgg on deep Feed rations can only be outlined and spoken of in general terms for different localities. The farmer must use his judgment and experience iu mixing. Corn is our principal starch feed, and differs in different varieties. We know little about the value of ground flax yet as cattle feed, because It has not been used much in that direction. The Iowa station Is experimenting with it and will report this spring in its bulletins. We do know from personal experience that flax seed boiled makes a valuable addition to corn for feeding steers, because we saw it tried long before there was a flax mill in the State to take the oil out of it. Corn in common parlance is too wide a ration, that is, it has too much carbo-hydrates for albumin in it, or it has too much fat forming and too little flesh forming component parts. The German chemists, followed by ours, laid down the doctrine that the ration for a milch cow or steer should have one part albuminoids to five and a half of carbo-hydrates or thereabouts. We do not find that necessary at all times. In cold winter weather there may be more fat producing material than in summer. Authorities on feed- ng say that corn of all varieties averages one to eight and tw%-tenths. Linseed meal with the oil out is put down at one to one and two-tenths. Flax seed las a ratio of one to three and one- tenth. To make a ration on the German plan of corn and flax ground would require a mixture of five pounds of flax and four of corn; and of corn and flax meal with ;he oil out or the oil meal of commerce, would require five pounds of corn and four of meal. The Iowa farmer can not afford to feed either so heavily. It will not pay. We have fed one pound of oil meal to four of corn in our private business and found the combination excellent. This would be on a basis of ono pound of albuminoids to six and nine-tenths of carbo-hydrates. We are positive that very little feeding is clone in Iowa on the German ration theory, and as certain that very little ever will be. We have seen markedly good effects from feeding one pound of oil meal to ten of :orn, to fattening steers. Toward the close of the fattening process tho more oil meal fed the better finish will bo put on. Clover hay will help out in corn feeding if It is good. Chemists fix its nutritive ratio at one to llvo and six- tenths, a perfect ration of itsulf Timothy is about the samp as corn and so rloos not help out at all. Our corn is a very palatable feed and that goes far in feeding. Wo can approach the chemist's ideal ration by using the different clovers which can be easily grown in Iowa. Oats are tabulated in the nutritive ratio lists at one to six and a half, not close enough to be the ideal ratio, but regarded by all feeders as first class. We know that corn and oats are very superior for feeding steers. The more albuminoids in the ration the quicker the fattening process will be, but it is entirely out of the question to advise feeding corn and flax with the oil out or in, in anything like half and half proportions. The nutritive ratio can not be made by arithmetic. Milk is perfect, that is, one to four and four- tenths. Skin; milk is not a perfect ration, that is, one to one and nine-tenths. Taking off the cream makes the ratio of albumin higher. Young clovers of different kinds rate from one to three to one to five, narrower than the German ration, and are still perfect feed. There is something about each individual plant and grain that figures dp not reach, and that chemists can not tabulate. Potato vines have a high albuminous ratio, but cattle will not eat them, so the farmer must use his eyes and his experience. We can say this much of ground flax: cattle will do well on more of it mixed with corn than any farmer can afford to to feed, and that it will mot injure feeding steers if they are put on it Uftlly. HEART DISEASE! STATISTICS Bhorrthivt one in TOUR ban a weo* or diseased Heart. The first symptoms tiro rtor t br«ath, oppreMlon, fluttering, ftalnt and h«nnrr«pell»,paln In «ld«, then •mothering, swollen nnUlc*, dron«y_(nnd death,] for Which ijm. Mills' JOSW HEART CtTHE it u marvelous remedy. "I have boon troubled with heart dlsonse for years, ta? left pulse was very weak, could at.times sotrooly feel it, tha smallest excitement would always weaken my nerves and heart and a fear of Impending death stared mo In the face for hoars. DR. MILES' KBHVINB And NEW HBA.RT CURE Is tM only medicine that has proved.-.; any benefit and cured mo.—li. M. Dyer, Cloverddfe, Md. Dr. Miles' I«lvcr Pill* are a sure remedy for BIllouineM and Torpid I^lvor. GO JDoien •a cent*. Fine book on Heart Disease, with wonderful euros Trco at druggists, or address DM. MILKS' MEDICAL CO., tlkrmrt, In*. . Sold l>y F. W. DINOI.KY. HI RILEY <& YOUNG'S Combination SLAT andJJIRE FENCE. It is a fence for open countries, for it cannot be blown down. It Is the fence for low lands, (or it cannot be washed away. It destroys no ground whatever, and if beauty be considered an advantage, it is the neatest and handsomest farm fence in the world. In short, it combines the good qualities of aU fences In an eminent degree, and as soon as introduced will become the popular fence of the country. It is beautiful and durable. It is strong and will increase the price of your farm far more than any other fence. It will last much longer than any other fence. It is a great addition, occupies less ground, excludes less sunshine, has no superior as a fence. It is stronger than any other fence and will turn any stock no matter how breachy. It is plainly visible and is not dangerous to stock like barb wire. The -best horse fence in the world. It will protect all cropi from a half grown chicken to a wild ox. It u the most unlfor^i, and by comparison of cost much the cheapest. Kept for sale in all part * of Kossuth county. Made by Blley & young, tlKitllll. hiWIi. The "MERRITT." Prints 78 letters and characters. Price $>15, «EO. II. SMITH & CO.;.'•. Cedar Ifiipiri.s, Jowa. DOWD'8 HlALTH EXIROIMM. .forBriln-WotktrfJkBfdentuyPtqpIi: Gentlemen, Ladlei, Youths; tha Athlete or Inyalld. A complete gymnasium. Takes up but 6 In. square floor-room;new,8cientlflc. dur»ble,_compretojislye, cheap. uunMuo, Indorsed This space is reserved for Dr L. K. Garlield, \vlio will sell U any bicycle not represented by .^Agts. in Algonu N! / LESSJNG, Algona, Iowa. LEGAL BLANKS, W»r» i 4Mty D/eea, Quit Claim Deed, J-«»8««, Be»l Kstwle mortgage, CUatttel Mortgage, Satisfaction of Mortgage, Original Notice, Limcl Contract?, Centructs for Building School BU»«e, Notice Trial, I'robttte of Will, T»$ Sale Notice*. Petition District TowasUij* , Blank etu. etc. O*tt» »*>**

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