The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on January 27, 1892 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, January 27, 1892
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8 THK HKHJiiLlCAN, *AtDONA» IOWA, JAKtfAK* S?« Farm and Stock Yard. JAMBS WILSON, EMTOB. ""Maine forbids Massachusetts cattle entry into her territory because of tuberculosis. ._._ Creameries for October report big prices for milk, but wo do not hear much of the amount of milk time. about that The British courts have just decided that they will not Interfere to put up transportation charges even though they be so low as to ruin competitors. Food off the old sheep that are not breed ing, and the old cows that do not milk well, and tho sows that are not good nurses. Prices will mend for them now. At the British State fair, the "Royal," a veterinarian passes upon the horses nnd if any unsoundness is found the animal is excluded from competition, something we could well adopt here. There is no better market this winter for grains and forage than good milk cows. The farmer who is not milking should be doing something better—and there are few better things to do. The by products of the dairy are not discussed enough. The value of skim milk is not well enough known. Statisticians tell us that when the laboring classes abroad substituted for skim milk they lost vigor and stature and pith. The Northwestern Farmer, of St. Paul, advises Minnesota farmers to grow roots for stock—to grow turnips. That State must have a moister climate than Iowa if turnips are a sure crop. We think mangels are more certain. thotlty ftt which .men like Wallace would bo employed. MlfinaSota has just been down in the person of her superintendent of institutes to get an Iowa veterinarian to help at her work in farm Institutes. Th6se things pay ft State, and we dislike to see Iowa's strong men better appreciated abroad than at home. .. All sorts of fellows try their hands at writing out philosophy for farmers. One genius calls those who lay tiles "drainage cranks," bewails the hurrying of water out of tho land as the cause of our drouths, and a great calamity. Most people observe that well drained lands stand drouths best. When tho stagnant water is removed tho soil resolves itself into a porous condition that admits and retains moisture. Good crops In Iowa are had during drouths by thorough cultivation, and this simply means a good preparation of seed bed with frequent cultivating during the growing period. On our fine Iowa soils a crop is certain with good cultivation. It is a nice question whether the decaying roots in newly planned sod or the loose condition in which tho roots keep tho soil does most for the growing crop. aatnts "Big tfetit 4 '-chase away iho local butoheM fWin Out towns, and Iowa cattle to Ohioago • to kill and tend back fot local Use, and put prices ip to Iowa consumers for their honie- trown stock, or as Iowa Wet that is good Js sont abroad and we Met fed on Texan ind Mexican beef. We will have relief n tho mutton sheep. He will bo a •dncl of a declaration of independence in ;ho hot weathor against tough outs from \rmour's ranch cattle out of.cold storage. We see that the mutton sheop is coming ,n a time auspicious for him and us. Of'TStl WOKLD, MAINS COASf BWELLERS WHO ARfc BEHIND "tHE The use of horseflesh is extending in foreign countries, and some is used in our own land. It will never compete •with beef and mutton where people can afford to buy the latter, and is not so wholesome as either—something ' determined long ago. The common domestic animals of the country have been bred from so many different kinds of blood that no one predominates, and for this reason are readily impressed with something special It is very easy to make an impression on common stock with live bred animals. Prof. Robertson, of Canada, plainy told the New York dairy association that their Canadian full milk cheese sold in England for eight cents a pound more than the three per cent, skimmed sorts from the States, and proved the folly of skimming. "We havo been expecting this. The London Live Stock Journal says of the Royal show at Doncaster that "the horse of luxury is taking precedence of the horse of labor." So,hero, also. We hear little else in the horse line but what affects the horse of luxury. The horse of labor has to keep the bin lull for all that. The French government sent girls to Denmark and Holland to learn the dairy business, so that they could teach it when they returned to France. The scheme was a very great failure on the part of the government, because the moment a girl returned she was picked up by a farmer for a wife. The new creamery at Ames ia running every day and is the center of attraction. Those in charge will begin research into milk in all its relations at once. Every day's separating is recorded, the difference in the separators, their effect on milk and butter, which is not a little. The souring, churning, packing, shipping and marketing will all get close study for report and our farmers will begin to get facts and indications respecting this farm product that Iowa is most interested in. The farm has cows of different breeds to experiment with and raises feed of all kinds common on the farms of the State, that will be fed, and the effects on milk studied. There seems to be a disposition in the State to back up these efforts. The short-course boys are learning very fast, and will go out to enter State dairies familiar with the handling of milk. One of the main reasons why the agricultural colleges do not fill up in their 1lKKEl>mo AND FEEDINO. We hnvo no hesitation In saying that naif the number of cattlo now kept in the State, better fed summer and winter, af bettor blood, would make more money than the lot we now have. |Th|nk of the breeding for forty years ba™. All the young heifers on the frontier^and somo part of Iowa has been frontier all that time—were turned into a herd and fed on the prairie together. The herdsman secured the cheapest bull he could. May bo some low grade Shorthorn. Next year some cheap Herford was used, perhaps. The year following a Polled critter, then a Holstein grade, then a scrub, and so on. This is the pedigree of our common cattle. The keeping has, with exceptions, been plenty of grass for two months in spring, then as drouth came and the pastures dried up there was a stoppage of growth. Then in September young grass again for six weeks. Then frost and colder weather, with scant feed until the corn was out, when the cattle got into the stalks and at the straw stacks. Winter saw cows dry and steers old enough to be fattened, fed corn. Now, many of our farmers have modified this somewhat, but there is entirely too much of the frontier methods and frontier returns prevailing yet, and under greatly altered conditions there is far less profit. The butter making neighborhoods do better in some regards. They feed better. But they seldom breed any better. Too many men have adopted cattle who have not had cattle They get a breed and training. The United States Senate has adopted a resolution requiring negotiations with Great Britain looking to abrogation o the cattle "orders in council" that re quire our beeves to be killed at the por of landing. This is a rare thing for th United States Senate to do. The interests of the farmer are really pushing themselves into our house of lords. The principal reason why heifers are not sold as high as steers is that they are seldom fattened as well. The next reason is so few are well fattened that they can not be reliably quoted owing to the rareness of their appearance, and the seller always has buyers to favor with little things like a few fat heifers at low rates. Thu butchers want them and they are made make weights to other sales. 15m Bennett says of the Danish girls: "They learn to be skillful dairymaids; ours loam to be school ma'ams and type writers." This sets us to thinking. Once in a breeders' meeting we suggested the profit and health girls get from a study of the niceities of dairying. We wore told promptly that dairying is not a woman's work, and wo subsided. Iowa farms, for all that, are inviting and getting families in which the girls make butter, and those families, somehow, are becoming rapidly possessed of the soils of the State. The Homestead, among other good works, gives premiums for the best corn yields in the State. This year a Polk county man took first prize with 346. C5 for three acres. We hope the Homestead will write out fully the methods of growing. We are coming to the conclusion that proper cultivation is imperative, if big yields are to be had, and what that is takes time to tell. The lan.l will make some difference, even in Iowa, and decaying vegetation plowed in will make more. Mr. Henry, C. Wallace, of Orient, delivers a course of lectures to the short ! course in agriculture at Purdue Univers ' ity, Indiana, on cattle. We are pleased to see the rise of meritorious men, bui •would rather have Iowa uso her ,W« sfe>uW have n well agricultural courses is owing to the gulf between the farm and the college heretofore. The colleges that educate engineers arrange the courses so that all begin substantially the same studies. The district schools do not prepare for this, so the farm boy is seldom prepared. If he goes to town to prepare at the village high school, he gets his first inspirations away from the farm. We believe it to be the duty of the State to provide tor the education of the farm boy and girl, ,nd this it can do by taking him into he agricultural college direct from the listrict school. The average farm boy ir girl will make a good scholar in four •ours if thoy get algebra after going to college. And where post-graduate stud- es are wanted they can devote time to them after graduating. We think a move in this direction will be made, and from such a move wo expect to see more young people from the farm go to college. Breeders of fine stock must remember that it requires the very best males to improve animals that arc improved already. The use of impressive blood on common stock is very evident for the first cross, but if farther improvement is to be made still better sires should be used. Whoever breeds Allerton's fillies to improve them must get as good blood as tiio fillies have, or better. Many herds retrograde because the male is not so good as tho females. On this point tho biographers of Sir Walter Scott rea- philosophy to suit it Many of them are doing infinite mischief. Cattle have history, traditions, household lore, maxims, that men known who have been by long life experience familiar with them, a Those who fancy the business spring full-fledged into all knowledge and all mysteries and multiply words concerning them without knowledge. We mffst be patient. Our hope, is not for improvement through breeders gen orally but through increase of knowledge among practical farmers who study what pays. Well, good feeding pays. That we advise. How to breed is a question that must succeed what is required. Our dairymen generally are spoiling the feeding quality. They will, perhaps, soon determine if that is wise or otherwise. son that .his children failed to reach their father's intellectual level because of the mental inferiority of their mother. Great men mate to suit taste, fancy or convenience, and no certainty exists of the continuance of their special mental strength. Animals are bred for a purpose, for profit or pleasure, and if steady improvement is to be made better blood must be used for every coming generation. Some breeders, after long selection, reach a point whore the best blood for their purposes is found in their own herds. Williams may find it diHicult to get better blood than Allerton's. Cruickshank could find none equal to his own. Hammond had a sub-family where he got his sires. Bates bred tho Dutchesses for this purpose, but most of our Iowa breeders can improve by looking about them. THK COMING SHEEP. Americans are to bo mutton eating people after this time. The Merino as he was brought here was a wool sheep, a slow maturing sheep and one that did not teach people to love to eat it. It has changed, and its grades have now respectable claims to present as a mutton sheep. The wool sheep could not compete on Iowa soil, no matter of what breed it might be. The cow and the sow and the mare all distanced it as moneymakers on our heavy lands. Low prices for colts, combines in beef and disease among hogs have caused our people to look toward the mutton sheep and they find it making money for its owners. Inquiry proves that a combined mutton and Jwool sheep on the best lands of Iowa will pay, and our farmers are getting them. The thousands of improved bucks being brought into the State will greatly increase mutton sales. A much better quality of mutton will be put upon the market. A much better selling clip of wool will result from the use of the medium wool bucks. People will eat mutton.» while as they do any new dish on the table. Those who have ' get » WHAT TO KEEP. There is'made in Europe, England, and America, about 1,000,000 tons of oil meal. It is made by pressing the oil out of the ilax seed. What is left is in cake form and is the oil cake of commerce. The albumen is left in the cake just it is left in slum milk after the fat is taken for butter. Americans want the linseed oil to paint with. Great Britain buys our oil cake, and the cake we make by pressing the oil out of some $3,000,000 worth of flax seed we buy for the oil that is in it, from Russia and India. Tho British farmers finish stock being fattened with the oil cake. They feed it to young things, and to milk cows, but us- it especially for toning up their straw and turnip rations. No feed in general use equals it. Albumen is found in all plants, more or less, but that in oil men! is palatable and grateful to all animals, while it is not so much so in some others. It is also very valuable as a fertil- iser, and for this reason foreigners buy it. Western ranchmen are discovering that oil meal is the cheapest grain product they ciin buy to fatten with American dairymen find that it is valuable for milk. Horsemen discover that it improves the grain ration of any kind. Western cattle feeders are learning that it is necessary to make a fine finish with. For these reasons the price will go up until nobody outside of Iowa can afford to pay the freight on it, because products made from it will be carried cheaper. For these reasons we advise Iowa farmers to grow some flax, enough to feed with the corn, and with other cheaper grains. It can be fed without grinding. Where calves are fed skim milk the oil is necessary. The relative cost will determine whether it will pay to grind the seed and feed it as it is, 01 sell the seed and buy the cake with the oil out. The cake can be heavily fee to fattening animals, while the ground seed can not be so heavily fed, owing t the oil it contains, which is over a third of the whole. But if the flax seed combine will not pay enough for the seed, the farmers can feed it and do good fattening with it, and defy the combine or keep them decent. Another source of albumen not yet fully explored is what is found in milk. Every Iowa farm needs the cow, and some day will have her. She is as necessary as the school law. When farms are fully stocked with cows and have fine pastures that excuse much corn growing, much ration tempering can be done with the skim milk. It should no more be fed alone than oil eatco. Both have powers of mu,king corn, more valuable, J»QW assim- ilable., 5fa farmer should^ y$4«? uu/ dr tlie Plotter Maid of Bnsket Inland and the Discouraged Citizen ttf Iulo ait Haut. Nutlvos tVhrt Ne^ef Si»W a Hot-go,' • Train, an Engine at ft Brick Bouse. The residents of South Thomaston are, in common with other Maine coast dwellers, rather behind in the march of progress, and it doesn't require much to startle them. The other day a steamer passing White Head blew very a long blast from her peculiar sounding chime whistle, whereat the villagers marveled greatly, but at night they were positively frightened. A steam yacht in the harbor displayed an electric reflecting light, illuminating the sea, sky and land, and not a few of the unsophisticated^natives, remembering the unearthly shrieks of the strange steamer, coupled tho two events and concluded that the universe was about to collapse. The innocence of these people will not seem so very strange when it is remembered that many of the natives of Monhegan and other coast islands have never seen a horse, a train of cars or a brick house, never having set foot upon the mainland. There is a man on Monhegan- island who knows the Boston and Bangor, the New York and Bangor and all the other steamers that pass the island by sight, but although nearly seventy years old, he has never been'on board of any kind of a steam craft, and has not the slightest conception of an engine. It is not very long since a few acres of rocky soil in outer Casco bay, known as Basket island, waa deserted by the only, people who ever had the courage to live there—an old fisherman, his wife and daughter. These people lived in an old tumbledown rookery on the little wind swept isle, and were veritable hermits. 'AN UNCULTURED MAID. The man fished, while his wife and daughter carried, on the farming operations, which consisted in harvesting what little coarse hay the island afforded and carrying it. on poles to the cowshed. • They had no garden, not even a patch of potatoes, but were merely toilers of the sea. The wife had not visited the mainland for seventeen years, while the daughter had passed, the entire sixteen years of her life upon the lonely spot, although the city of Portland was almost in sight. The girl was bright, but untutored; pretty, but miserably clad. She wore no stockings and knew nothing of- hats. The only relative she knew of outside the family circle was a half sister, who she had never seen. Her father said that this other daughter lived "out west." She lived in Kennebunkport, York county. This daughter of the sea, much to the surprise of some yachtsmen who once landed on the island, was able to play several popular airs upon an old accordion. She had picked the music out by ear after hearing it played by the bands of passing excursion steamers. A party of picnickers who landed, there found Basket island deserted. The matted grass was alive with field mice, and gulls perched boldly upon the rotting window sills of the old house, while in one corner lay the dilapidated accordion which had long been the chief consolation of the lonely fisher maiden. There is, perhaps, no more lonely spot on the whole Atlantic coast of the United States than Isle au Haut, which lies far seaward oif the entrance to Penobscot bay. The name given to this island by the early French voyagers is most appropriate, for it looks like a mountain half submerged in the sea. The people are a simple, primitive set, and few of them ever visit the mainland. The island, with its iish and sheep and blueberries, is their world, and within its limited circle they are content. DISCONTENTED. Some queer specimens of humanity are to be found on Isle au Haut. Not long ago a yachting party went down there on a fishing trip, and after catch- Vtttf Ufiivtm, TTiefe ate Several well authenticated accotttits erf tanlfe &wallmv1ng,» us distinguished ffota/the sword swallowing feats <rf ItiaeJ-aiit jugglers. In the Bdln- btrfgh Philosophical Journal Is repotted the cose of an American sailor, John Cummings, who swallbwed at different periods within the apace Of tW6 years about fifty clasp knives. When he was twenty-three years of age he was Oa shore with some of his. comrades at Havre, where he witnessed the feats of a conjurer who pretended to swallow knives. When he returned to his ship he swore that he could swallow knives as easily as the Frenchman had, and, being challenged, took his own knife and swallowed it. He then Differed to swallow all the knives they would bring him, and eventually swallowed three. This feat he afterward performed several times, and in Boston, in 1805, he swallowed in one evening no fewer than fourteen knives, after which he was taken so ill that he had to be removed to Charlestown hospital. He was afterward taken by the English ship Isis for smuggling, and on Dec. 4, 1805, he swallowed twelve knives, -which terminated his career after a long and terrible illness. He died in March, 1807, in extreme agony, at Guy's hospital. fit Happy Ivlttlo Olrlft. An interesting pair of cash girls go up Sixth avenue every evening from one ol the big retail stores. There are hundreds of such girls, but this particulai pair challenge observation. One is a stunted little blond slip of a girl of perhaps eleven or twelve, the other a bra nette slip of a girl a trifle older and hall a head taller. Both are thin and round shouldered and bright eyed. The taller girl invariably carries a novel in her hand, from which she reads aloud to her companion as they walk. They go along at a swinging gait, keeping pace with the great, hurrying, 0 o'clock throng, plunging over crossings without apparently noticing anything 01 anybody, though the little listener looks out for both. The latter's ear is inclined toward the reader so she can catch every syllable above the roar oi the street. • They seem to have a different book every day. I tried once to get a glimpse of the title, but they walked too fast f01 me. This much I ascertained—there was something about a duchess and an earl in the dialogue.—New York Herald. ng enough cod for a chowder went shore to procure some milk. The 'uchtsmen aoon fell in with a weather jeaten native who was looking along ;he shore, and he informed them that ;hey could get plenty of milk, 'but that hey would have to wait until his wife, who had gone blueberrying, returned cind milked tho cows. The native led ;he way over rocky pastures to a dilapidated cottage, and ushered them into ;ho kitchen to await the return of "Maria," The floor was scrubbed as white as a mau-o'-war's deck, the cookstove was brightly polished and a little plot before the windows was gay with marigolds and other homely flowers—all the result of Maria's patient industry. The lord and master sat himself down upon the doorstep and thus ruminated while busily whittling a shingle and sending up clouds of smoke, from a short clay pipe. •• "Times ain't as they used to be in lie er Holt (the native pronunciation). Time was when a man might get a living hereabouts. Fishin was good 'n faroaiu cousid'able good, but .that's all gone now. Used ter be a good wharf in this here cove 'n a good fleet er vessila outer here, but that's all gone now. My father used ter be in trade here—had a store down there 'n sold nigh a'most everything, but that's all gone now." He said that he had been trying to sell his place —house, barn, laud, cows and all, for he wanted to emigrate to Washington state. He wanted $300 for the whole outfit, and he stopped smoking long enough to swear a great oath that he wouldn't take a cent less. This man liad loafed so long that he had forgotten how to work. He seemed to feel that somehow he had beeo jsUeated—that world owed himaUvjog, but that IsleauSautwa*»B!fi«!r to collect Swa. »•"-. • spy Killed by Preacher, Skinned by Doiicon. Dr. Harmon Jones tells a good story which actually occurred in the early settlement of this county. During those days the Osage Indians prowled around in these woods, and bears, panthers and wild cats were plentiful. It was the custom to carry a gun most everywhere. There was pi ways a few who carried their guns to church on Sunday morning. One Sunday Rev. Stephen Ham was preaching down on Loutrie. It'was way back in the 20s. While the Rev. Mr. Ham was closing his sermon with a red hot exhortation he saw a deer pass the window. He stopped preaching, told his audience to keep strll, picked up • an old rifle and went put and killed the I nS deer. He completed liis sermon while a Pj.j_nt3 couple of the deacons skinned the deer. Dr. Jones went home with one of the deacons to dinner, and says he never ate better venison in his life. Dock is now seventy-seven years old, and has been a practicing physician and .druggist foi fifty-three years. He practiced medicine in East St. Louis four years and in Paris, Mo., seven years. He is the oldest druggist in the county, and came here when this country waa a wilderness.—Fulton (Mo.) G-azette. The Antiquity of Geese. There is much curioxis amusement to be had in tracing where the foodstuffs we use and the domestic animals we eat or use, originally came from. Professor Max Muller, reasoning through his science of words, finds that the goose waa domesticated vejry early, or at least some bird like it. Goose in English,'ganse in German, dropping the g according to the laws pi language, the word becomes anser in Latin and correspondingly in Greek, with the aspirate tluit marks the Digam- ma was dropped, and so back to ansa in the Sanscrit. Our prehistoric Sanscrit ancestors of the Indian fable lands, had geese. Professor Muller, therefore, concludes birds resembling them closely, though thousands of years the name has remained, varying only according to the known laws of the change of pronunciation, and probably the' Thingston throughout behind the name. Such ia the antiquity of geese.—New York Evening Sun. In nil form*, Pain In Bide, t — LfM, Short Breath, Opprcoalon, Ajtnm* Swollen AnUlcB-Weate nnd Smotherln Spoils. Dropsy, Wind In Dtt cured by DR. MILES* NEW A new diaooTcrr by the eminent Indiana I 1st. A.F.Davis,Bllver crook,, Neb.,aftot' tftklr. four bottlos of -MEAUT OlIBB felt betto than he hart for twelve years, "tfor thirty,. y«f troubled with Honrt JU-ionsoi two bottlos DRi MILES 1 HEART CURE oiirafl mo.--t IX>BMI, Buchanan. Mich." B. B. Btntspm, Station, Oa, has taken DR. MILES' HI. CURE t or Heart trouble with great results. Le Bar, Kltchburg, Mich., wan ill for 16 years :„., Heart Disease, had to biro house holp, HT«d On liquid food; used Dr. Miles' Heart Cure Jtad all pains loft her; constant uno cured her. Illustrated book FR1S1S at druggists, or nd > Dr.Mlles' Medical Co.,Elkhart,ind. Sold by F. W. DINGMBY. RILEY & YOUNG'S Combination SLAT and WIRE FENCE,' It Is a fence for open countries, for it cannot be blown down. It is the fence for low lands, for it cannot be washed away. It destroys no ground whatever, and if beauty be considered an advantage, it is tlie neatest and handsomest farm fence in the world. In short, it combines the pood qualities of all fences in an eminent, degree, and as soon as iuMwliieed will become^ tho popular fence of the. country. It is beautiful and durable. It is str-.nir and will increase the price of your farm iVr more than kny other | fence. It will last muHi '.OHKOI- than any other j fence. It is a great nUditloii, occupies lesst ground, excludes less sunshine, has no super- for as a fence. It is .-.tronger than any other fence and will turn i.ny stocU no matter how breachy. It is plainly visible nnd is not dangerous to stock like barb wire. The best horse fence in the world. It will protect all crops from a half grown chicken tdivwlldox. Itia the'mostuniform, and by comparison of cost, much the cheapest. Kept for sale in all parts of Kossuth county. Made by lliley & \oung, Algoua, Iowa. "MERRITT. -".'• 78 letters-and characters. H. SMITH & co., Ccflav Rapids, lowq, D. L. Down's HEALTH EXEROIS . . . t P( 1 UoUwlOlUClt* iJtWAHSB, __„ I Athlete or Invalid. A < 1 gymnasium. Takes up I 1 square floor-room; new. r The Blarney Stone. The village of Blarney'is in the south of Ireland, about four miles from Cork. Blarney castle was built by Cormaok MacUarthy, the Strong, fourth lord of Muskerry, about the middle of the Fifteenth century. The ruins of the famous old fortress are visited by thousands of tourists every year. This ia largely on account of a tradition which has been attached for some centuries to one of the stones used in building the castle. This stone is said to commum> cate to the tongue that touches it the gift of gentle, insinuating speech, and that has given rise to the accusation when any one is of particularly sweet accent that he or she has "kissed the Blarney stone."—Detroit Free Press. A. Qlever Retort. An old lady brought upas a witness before a bench of magistrates, when asked to take off her bonnet refused to do so, saying, "There's W> law Qflmpel- ling a woman to take of her bojwet.' "Oil," said one of the uwglBtrates, "yw i \ .*_*__ i___ j« *Tsv«i9 , PQirhftpS WMI kno to ewe up wri sit here and teach No, you,*?,* re- fwaeteeo LEGAL BLAN Warwnty J>e«sa «», »e»rt gttgc,

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