The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on January 13, 1892 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 13, 1892
Page 8
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THK KEHLICAK, IOWA, WKWfMSDAT, MMTAftY IS, l«i. Have Your Magazines Bound, I Farm and Stock M Bring them to the REPUBLICAN^ OFFICE. Book Binding of All Kinds done at the Very Lowest Prices. Come in and get our JAMES WILSON, tSmtoit, AN UNPARALLELED OFFER! A Farm and Stock Paper FREE To EYfiiy Subscriber of THE REPUBLICAN! We are pluased to announce that we have made arrangements with the publishers of The Western Plowman whereby we can give that excellent Stock, Farm and Household Journal FRJ3E to every subscriber of TUB REPUBLICAN upon conditions named below. The arrangement is For a Limited Time Only! And will be offered by no other papsr in Kosauth county ISPTo all who pay nil arrearages and one year in advance from the^late~payment we will give The Western Plowman Free lor one year. .WTo all new .subscribers who pay one year in advance from date of payment we will give Tho Western Plowman Free for one year. j"«e«i tap-To all whose subscription is paid a part of the year in ndvancewho will pay cnoiiKh to nmke it n whole year in advance, will give The Western Plowman Froe lur ono year. . _ »*• WHAT is the WESTERN PLOWMAN? The Western Plowman is a 90 column Stock and Farm I'api-r and is chiick full ot practical, valuable information for .he fnnner and stock raiser. Come in and subscribe new; pet your friends to come with you and get the best pnpor published in Kossuth county and an excellent farm paper with it. O2STOHI. ..-•, S^EW 1st—Tho utmost care that is given in selecting and buying none but the best of materials. 3d—The best of workmanship in all their branches. 3d—By the combination and practical use of the most important im provements made. In this manner we eJIect the most obtainable result in regard to quality and durability. Our instruments have a rich volume of tone, pure and of long sustaining, singing quality. Our cases are double veneered inside and outside, thus avoiding the checking and warping. a Our key-bottoms are framed together like a door, and therefore bound to keep straight. Our patent, music rack is the plainest and yet most serviceable in existence Our patent fall board is a novelty and of the most practical usefulness. The patent repeating action is highly appreciated by expert playtrs, as well as by scholars. The patent tuning-pin fastening, only used in our pianos, is the most important improvement ever invented; the tuning pin being inserted only Jn the full iron frame thus lessening the liability of stretching and loosing ot the springs, so commonly found in pianos with wooden wrest planks. We challenge the world that our piano will stand longer in tune than any other made in the ordinary way. Special prices to introduce these pianos where we have no agent. Good agents wanted. Direct all correspondence to J. LISTER. Box 88 QLIDDEN. IOWA, Supt. of Iowa agencies. i My We ill A COL;,;.,..:, EDUCATION FREE friend, do you want an education? ive away two grand educational Australia, is sending of butter to Europe. quantities Work the stallion if you -want kind pulling colts, Habit descends In this regard as well M others. Tho principal benefit of multiplicity of grasses in a pasture Held is derived from having different grasses oomo in bloom at different times in the season. If a herd of milkers has one-fourth that do not quite give milk enough to pay for their feed and another fourth ffivo just a little more than pays for thole feed, then one half of the herd does no good. The calf will got along very well'on skim milk and a pound of flax seed meal after it is a month old. This in lieu of milk. Feed it gats and clover hay beside. Milk fat costs too much In winter for calf feeding. Skim milk heated to 150 degrees will not sour so soon as if not so treated. The heating kills the ferments, and souring waits until the spores or seeds grow, when fermentation goes on again. But two days' sweet for the calves. milk is everything Tho bulletin of Wisconsin farm institutes has much sense, some wit and lots of humor in It. It is as good as a circus to turn to the discussion of the dairy cow and see tho special purpose fellows jump upon the beef cattle. Gov. Hoard, aside from all the good he does, is responsible for most of this pet aversion of theirs. Present methods of dairying, new devices, separators, skimmers and boomed methods that have everything' said in praise of them and no criticism whatever, that are pushed by sharp fellows and are valuable more or less, require a criticism that will bo intelligent and fearless. There is some humbug that passes current. A sheep man at a Wisconsin institute says he prefers sheep, because they need less grain than either the hog or the dairy cow. We think he is right with regard to the grain and call attention of Iowa farmers to this, who are just going into .sheep business, but for all that wo think the cow the most profitable with Ihc hog to clean up. The farmers of any neighborhood in the country who do not meet and discuss farm affairs lose one of the most instructive and edifying opportunities of the winter. Nobody knows it all. All together know a good deal. Iowa farmers have grown beyond tho need of borrowing drawings of tea and the family hammer, but not out of the need of comparing ideas and airing experiences. We would go out of our way to oblige the special purpose cow people, any day, but here comes the registry description of Pauline Paul, the greatest butter cow the world has ever heard of, and it begins: "Milk and beef form." Her outline is fine, her back straight. She is a Holstein, and Bisgon's Belle, tho great Jersey, has also a good outline. Gov. Hoard told us at Waverly that the back should hump at the loins. These Wisconsin men are big fellows whenever you find them fn the educational field. The president of their university is now working out a plan whereby tho farmers' boy and girl shall have education through qualified teachers in tho district school with regard to what concerns the farmer, and intermediate courses ot study between the district "chool unr] the university. The want of I hi> njje; In looking over reports of institutes fr-iiiiothor States we find them discussing ii 'li'.si of subjects the Iowa farmer i- not rarjuiwl to think about to >•• !.'i-e:it an extent. Commor- ••iiil l'"rli I i/crs, the value of manure from ili/'TiMil i'l'eils, reclaiming worn out '••••I K mid p-:it mos«M. It is true wo si,..nil! m>v(>r lorget tho fertility of the !«'-v:i r.'u-n. hut our lands endure for- i I'ltinir bisti.iir than most others. prizes between now and the holidays. One is a full scholarship, in any single course in any college, academy or seminary of your own selection in the west. The other is a full scholarship in any western commercial school. Either of these prizes is within your reach without the investment of a dollar. Do YOU WANT IT? If so, do not wait a minute to write us. It is the chance of your lifetime to secure a free education .WESTERN PkMHUUL MQllflS, III * '•'iirmurs who have blue grass pastures iin-wintering their horses cheaply this winter. Tho horse ia lower in price, and hi<:h priced grain and stabling take the profits away from all but the finest specimens and those that are raised most economically. The farmers who have blue grass winter pastures will save grain this winter. Horses not in the harness and over a year old winter outdoors in protected pastures. Where labor is scarce this is an item worth considering. The peasants of Russia are starving. Russia has always been the friend of this republic. How much this meant to us all can not now be estimated. But aside from that there is a fatherhood of God and a brotherhood of man. God has given us plenty. Let the farmers of Iowa open their cribs and help the dying. Gov. Boies asks this and we should respond promptly and liberally. Think of a million hungry children. Foreigners generally know little of the United States. Let us give them a pointer this way. We hftve a letter asking us what to do for a hide-bouad colt. ThecoJthas not aad such feed as a colt needs, of no better r»tipn for an tt§9 WVJlfc, ft* <Mrt* tttl by d*gr*» (HASH* fl» milk until H drink* ffftly, This win bring It out if snythin* will, Then when it is thriving gtte it oats, bflin, roots, a lutle oota &nd elovet hay, it would pay to feed the skim milk to the colts after the calves are Weaned. Skim milk and corn -would make a good ration for any animal. A little flax ground would also suit the colt with skim milk Sometime ago it was urged upon dairymen that they should grow corn to cut for their cowa. Tho evident wisdom of cutting something was conceded by everybody without inquiring too closely what it should be. We see green corn still going the rounds of the press, when for summer use it is out of the question and is as much of a chesnut as the town man's repeated remarks about tho loss to the farmer resulting from leaving a steel mower out doors in the cold of winter. Corn is not ready to cut until tho hottest days of summer are over. Then it is not the best thing that can be had. It is not so good for any purpose as peas, oats" and clover. Misinformation is given by the advocates of green corn. The summer feeder can do better. Iowa took the lead as a corn growing State in 1870. She has kept it ever since and will keep it. The soil that grows corn also grows grass, and Iowa is the foremost grazing State in the nation. Grass and corn make butter, and the State has more cows milking than any other State. It has also more hogs and cattle making meats than any State beside. Great as is the productive power of Iowa, it is only hinted at by present results. Farmers are learning that every acre by better cultivation can be made to increase so as to double the present State average of corn. We get some ;hirty-eight bushels. Good tillers get from sixty to ninety bushels an acre on average Iowa soil. Exceptional fields yield 120 bushels of shelled corn. Better cultivation will bring us double our corn. 3etter seeding will give us much more ,han double our grazing power. Better 'ed, better bred and bettor handling of .ho product will double our income from the present million and a half of cows. ten The Live Stock Indicator says: "To -ealizo the most profit with cattle, he greater proportion of the growth must be secured with roughness rather than grain. " We agree to this, but how does it tally with advice given too often, that cattle, to pay, must be pushed to early maturity? The some paper says: "When keeping cattle for beef keep a beef breed, for dairy a milk breed and for butter a butter breed. " This, then, requires three breeds on a farm if tho farmer wants bcof, milk and butter. We regard this kind of advice superlative nonsense. The average farmer must get all three from the common cattle of the country. Is he, in improving, to develop in three directions? He can do nothing of tho kind and will not try. All such talk comes from a few amateurs who own a few cows that have only one characteristic. The grass and corn belt needs better cows and will have them by selecting the best milkers and feeding well, and the good milkers will be good feeders. The coming western cow will be a 1,200- pound cow at maturity in fair flesh, and she will be a good feeder. The early Herfords wore grand milkers and good feeders, so were the.Shorthorns and so they are yet in farmers' hands. The common cows in farmers' hands in all lands furnish tho people their milk, butter and meats. It is the fancy breeder, or sidewalk editor, who has theories about sub-divisions on the same farm or one-sided cows on any farm. A WISE RAILWAY MAX. In European countries scholarships are provided by wealthy people to help deserving young folks through college, and in various forms that method of assisting in educating bright youths has been uswl in our .country. John T. Mitchell, tlie head of the great Milwaukee railway system, h;is entered a now field in this regard. He has uriven $1,000 to help twenty boys through Prof. Henry's short course in agriculture. This will do great good, and may initiate a movement that will fill the class rooms up in thu shoi't ouur3« at Mudison. The effect will be far-reaching. Mitchell sees that the education of the farmer beyond the district school has been almost totally neglected; that nothing will promote the general welfare so much as the education of the cieators of wealth; that education in other lines is overdone; that college bred men often command less than the brakeman on his line, because there is an over-supply of their kind of education; that the rarest man in America is a farmer educated in farm lines of work generally; that there are not a score of men on the Western Hemisphere who can make butter and cheese and tell a class how it is done; that there aradess than a score entirely familar wit|i the history and present manage ment of all our domestic animals, how they have been developed and the principles that control the breeding and feeding of them; that education has been arranged for tho town boy in high school and college, and that education has shunned the industries and crowded the professions. So the great son of a great father sees the urgent need of educating farm boys and gives Prof. Henry 81,000 to help toward it. If the boys settle down near Mitchell'? linep fee will get his money back with JwtewJi. W« W$ guj bftttolhjs railway ftot Reftty and . , Ift ewly days when tha common, hundred hofM **i wanted, of aetnlftf totter WW e*pai«d dr requited la many oaaas, the common sires without pedigree answered tho purpose. Impfov* ed methods tff fanning requited more weight in the collar rfnd heavier horses were in demand. This demand has been supplied from all the countries of Europe where heavy horses have been bred. Many good animals have been imported and many inferior ones. Weight in the collar has been attained, but the Europeans have sent us too many horses they would not use in the Jtud themselves. Wo could not appeal to the laws of heredity, because wo Jould not see previous ancestry, and herd books wore gotten up to suit tho Americans. We have learned that wo require more than weight In tho collar. We want feet and logs that have no pro- 3isposition to disease through latent weaknesses tracing to diseased ancestry that are not dominant in imported horses, but that do manifest themselves too often in tho colts. We are learning the value of history, pedigree and that of a character more detailed than herd books generally iurnish. We would rather use a horse whose sire and dam and grandslres and granddams we could see and inspect, than trust to the hastily gotten up draft horse herd books. This suggests to us the steps we must take yet, to enable us to breed heavy, sound, stylish, high-selling horses. The general farmer will find exercise here for his talents as a breeder of horses that will occupy his attention profitably until he possesses himself of a herd of mares that are what he wants to breed from, and this will take some time. We suggest that he reject every unsound mare. Breed from nothing with a blemish, because that blemish will re-appear with unerring certainty. Is the mare thick winded? so will the colts be— more or less of them. Has she blemishes of leet or legs? so will the colts, more or less of them. Is she subject to colic on regular keeping? so will her colts. The colt is the product of all its ancestors. What we see are what is dominant for the time. What belonged to sires and dams that we do not see is latent for the .time. Breeding continuously to sound sires will reduce the per centage of liability to defects that are in the blood, but latent tor tho time being. Every one well read in tho history of domestic animals knows tho great power of atavism or breeding back. The scars on Polled cattle trace to horned ancestry. Black noses on Shorthorns trace to remote ancestors that had such noses. Tho Kings George, of England, had well defined insanity for eight generations, and the Stuarts, -of Scotland and England, were fools for a longer period. The sad experience the western farmer has had with defective grade colts warns us to heed these laws. r itconson jV*<**W*fl* . e&e» .£*y THE SUFFOLK SHEEP. The Guelph agricultural college, directly under the supervision of Mr. Dryden, minister of agriculture at Ontario, Canada, has an importation of Suffolk sheep a cut of which we find in the Canadian Live Stock Journal. They weigh 232 pounds average, are very promising mutton and wool bred, are the result' of crossing the South Down on the old Norfolk ewes. Both breeds are of ancient standing. The Norfolks have horns, black faces and rangy bodies. The South Downs, no horns, mouse colored faces and small, compact bodies. The new breed has no horns, deep, black faces, long bodies and the hardiness of the old Norfolks. The ewes are very prolific, mature early. They have captured prizes at the Royal and stand well among the short wool mutton breeds. No sheep we have any knowledge of gives such promise for our prairiea as they do. We want a large mutton sheep with medium wool for the small Hock system that the ave rage Iowa farmer is likely to adopt. There are nono in the United States that we know of. It % is an augury of better things to have Minister Dryden in Canada and Minister Ruslc in our country take the interest they do in farm affairs. Tho Shropshire is, perhaps, the best mutton and wool • sheep we have yet. We must, however, consider what Iowa is capable of producing and breed in that direction. Everything that grows on Iowa soil well fed and carefully selected will be large, and it will not be found practical to keep down sine. The boys at the agricultural college require the largest military suits of any in eighteen adjoining States. They are well fed boys, simply. Their breeding has been like that elsewhere—independent of physical results. Iowa has more to eat for man and beast than any State, BO boys and sheep will be large. We heard of 1800 pound Jerseys, lately, in the State, that had been full fed for several generations. This is to be the land of good development, all around, mentally and physically. The coming Americans, man and animal, are on the way in Iowa. The woman is here now. However, as regards sheep, we seo our farmers are getting them, and it is in order to discuss what Iowa will have. -The Suffolk bids fair to meet our wants. Two old English breeds with size and beauty aave produced them. A 350 pound ewe is about our size, with twenty pounds of medium wool, with fat wethe*s, dressing 300 pounds at maturity. That is tbe ideal sheep to hold to mind, Tke Lincoln and J4ecester would come up to the reo^uirflimejat very soon, but Jfceii nR.MILES'NERVINE «,• discovered by tho gmt Bpeclntut, MIL.E8, to euro all nervous dUoaaes, M Meadha. tho Blues. Norvoua Prostra- Neuralgia, 8t. Vltut. Physician* of testltnonlala "Wo havonover known o., Syracuse, M. T. . . .a ot prntso/' J. G. •Tho best seller rra ever ITorb Wairito. Ind. hlhg we , NT H. naa." u. jr. wyatt A Co., ConcordVNT H." Mai Dottle and book of toMmonMtFfeeatliasgittf. i' «•. MILES' MEDICAL CO., Elkhart.lnd. TRIAL BOTTJLE CUBE* Sold by F. W. DINGLEY. D. B. AVEY, HARNESS -:- MAKER And dealer in HORSE SUPPLIES, Neally done on sliort notice. AtLacy'solcl stand, opposite Ten riant Plouse, Algona, Iowa. We arcLnot 22 the Pool. years 1 experience right Jiere in KossVrlli county.|$We guarantee cur work.fH Our books are not for sale. We are here to stay. Prices .are reasonable. JONES & SMITHS ,™ uue o f < c /' :i11 atre "n<>iu.o tneract that we be™ Permanently, fortliemanufac- sale ot cemetery work in Marble. , 8to , llc V Wnuow Have and intend = H °. CK " >ifalr lilie of finished MonU- i wn;. t ' a i dsll>nf ' H ', ele • aild wl » guarantee a 1 work to be eijiiul to rite best. We are the °{ <* m *t«ry work inKos- i- pl ?" se Kive us » call before order iuicl be convinced that by ALGONA MARBLE WORKS, SHELLEY & HALL, Proprietor* p at., AlKona. 16 wa. This space is reserved for Dr L. K. Garfield, who will sell U any bicycle not represented by Agts. in Algona T Ci N*r« ** uuam u. SALE BY . LESRIKQ, AJgona, Iowa. \m LEGAL BLANKS. Notice, Bdoli J>«e<l, Quit Claim Deed, Estate Mortgage, OwtMoi of Mortgage, cputwict*, C»«tra*t» Of '- '<•«!

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