The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on January 6, 1892 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, January 6, 1892
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Page 8
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8 .-TOE REPUBLICAN, ALGONA, IOWA, WKDXESDAY, .lAtftJAHY Have Yoto Farm and Stock; lard, them to the REPUBLICAN^ OFFICE. Book Binding of AlTlfcinds done at the Very Lowest Prices, Come in and get our figures. OFFER A Farm and Stock Paper FREE To Eyery Subscriber of THE REPUBLICAN! ^TjVe are pli-nsed to, announce that wo have made arrangc- 'nttnts with the 1 publishers of The Western Plowman whereby We can give that excellent Stock, Farm and Household Journal FKJ5E to every subscriber of THE REPUBLICAN upon conditions named below. The arrangement is , For a Limited Time Only! Ancl will b3 offered by ao otkar paper in Kossuth county l?o nil who pay nil niTenrai*e8 and one year in advance from the date of payment we will give The Western Plowman Tree Jor one year. null now siilisoriliiM-s who pay one year in advance from date of payment we will giv« Tho Western Plowman 'Free for one year. Q3T'To all whose subscription is paid a part of the year in advance who will pay h to m»U<! ir ;i whole year in advance, will give The Western Plowman fur om> year. Fr"<> IT WHAT is the WESTERS PLOWMAH? The Western Plowmuu is a 90 column Stock and Farm l>apcr and is chuck full of practical, valuable information for Jiu farmer and stock raiser. Come iu and subscribe now; pet your friends to come with you iiuci get the best paper published in Kossuth county and an Excellent farm paper with it. Q2STOE. JAMES WILSON, A brown Swiss cow made the moat >utter at the fat stock show. It Is well settled that a cow Well fed this year will milk better heXt year. Iowa Is dolog more feeding than any Jtate in the Union this winter. The Gazette by wide inquiry finds that farmers are generally selling hogs and thin cattle and holding corn. Mangels can be grown for a dollar a ton, and the winter dairyman, the grow- of young stock and breeding stock can not afford to be without them.. ootti; goad cota foddar stnl wnsltftge: corn; I5ou9traw will wiht^t shsep "wlih- out cotttt batnywrd manure increases tlia corn crop; liquid ntafittj& increases the, co*n crop; plowing und6r old paatufea ncreaaes the corn crop; plowing under winter rye Increases the corn crop; good uitivatlon increases the corn crop. But cultivation of our soils Is of more to' portance th'ah manure. Why turn stock out doors to wander about when there is nothing for them to pickup? Better keep them in a conv fortable place—especially milch cows. Cows eat well cured fodder within two per cent, when their moal ration it mixed with it. But the fodder must be well cured, green and nice. Otherwise there is a larger waste. The impression is being given that a few sheep do not injure a cattle .pasture. The fact Is, sheep are very close feeders and unless the pasture is abundant/Very few should graze with a herd of cattle. The charge is made that Wolf farming is common in Iowa for the sake of the bounty. We rather think that plenty of feed has enabled them to increase. '«Be that as it may, they are ptentier thanjtvo 'ever knew them. Early lambs will soon bo coming. To make them profitable, if designed for the early market, they must be pushed. To this end the ewe must give plenty, of milk, and for this purpose she, must have feed that would make a cow milk well. Here is something wo have been looking for: dog meat cures consumption. They have just found it out in Indiana. We hope to see every consumptive in the United States cured now, if It takes the last dog. This is art unexpected solution of the dog question. , . ... ' We observed a flock of sheep at their breakfast. They ate, then they drank, then ate a little and drank again. We found that a pen of ewes drank a gallon and a half each a day. Sheep drink as much according to weight as any domestic animal. So. have water at their disposal if they are to do well. The highest gelling cattle at Chicago" are crosses between the high grade Short* horn cow and Polled Angus bull, bosses always make good feeders. It requires good blood on both sides to make the best crosses. The question arises, "what of a second cross, and a third with the Polled Angus bulls and the heifers from the first cross?" It would require very fine Angus blood to keep up excellence, and the excellence loaned by the Shorthorn would gradually .vanish, the square hind quarters and disposition to respond to feed. The first cross is always the best, and new beginners will do well to go no farther, as they must study breeding thoroughly to avoid disaster. Any good feeder is safe to cross if ho stops with one and feeds his heifers. This Is World's history on this subject. The owners of favorite breeds will be wise to use good blood on both sides, as they will not top the markets with grades from their bulls on scrub cows. the bwedfl haftg&ie to of reason other. rea are all neede. They are alt valuable itt their place* The Important thing to lenrn is the place > for each breed. ' This can only W found out by studying how. each was developed. Low prices are punishing the war-makers. formers must atady, their own requite* irients, and improve independently of the say : . BO'S of the wrangling breeders. '.. r Prof. Jordan, of Stanford's University, has elected himself an apostle to the American farmers. He begins on familiar ground. "Taxes do not hurt them any," he says, ' 'they suffer because they do not work enough." According to his tell ho must have the Impression that from daylight until dark is too short a spell. Then he broadens out and threshes an old straw stack that has been Sailed over ten thousand times. He says we leave our mowers out doors and that is the cause of agricultural depression. Just how much depression comes from having a mower built of steel and iron setting out doors through the winter, he does not tell us in per cents, or fractions. This is very evident—the kindness of a great man stooping to discuss agriculture ,a.t all, Seriously, there is no time when men well informed on other matters appear as foolish as when they, set out to tell the farmers what alls them. They Iways begin with the mower, or end with it ' never AUBURN, NEW YORK. 1st—The utmost care that is given in selecting and buying none but the best of materials. 2d— The best of workmanship in all their branches. 3d—By the combination and practical use of the most important im provements made. In this manner we effect the most obtainable result in regard to quality and durability. Our instruments have a rich volume of tone, pure and of long sustaining, singing quality. Our cases are double veneered inside and outside, thus avoiding the checking and warping. Our key-bottoms are framed together like a door, and therefore tbound to keep straight. Our patent music rack is the plainest and yet most serviceable in existence Our patent fall board is a novelty and of the most practical usefulness. The patent repeating action is highly appreciated by expert players, as . well as by scholars. The patent tuning-pin fastening, only used iu our pianos, is the most important improvement ever invented; the tuning pin being .inserted only in the full iron frame thus lessening the liability of stretching and loosing of the springs, so commonly found in pianos with wooden wrest planks. We challenge the world that our piano will stand longer in tune than auy other made iu the ordinary way. Special prices to introduce these pianos where we have no agent. Good agents wanted. Direct all correspondence to J. LISTER, Box 38, GLIDDEN, IOWA, Supt. of Iowa agencies. The Iowa agricultural college had a more interesting, class of, young people than that now in the short course. The professors all speak highly of them., They hear three lectures a day and are examined on those preceding. They then have the rest of the day in the dairy or work shops. All, or nearly all, are direct from the farms. An Ohio man puts 144 hills of corn in a shock, and cuts first one»half,, lets that dry out, then adds the other half. We have been putting 144 hills in a shock for twenty-five years and doing it all at once with benefit. We are thinking of trying half as many more next year. The largo shocks turn out the nice, bright fodder that cattle, horses / and sheep eat up clean. The people who write about silo;| fall to touch thn spot respecting its genera adoption. The cost of making silage is its weak side. Its value when made i beyond question, if well made. . Th wastes are about as much as by shock ins, and may be far more, but the. ex pense of making is very greatly beyond making shock fodder. Prof. Henry tells the truth when ho says it is only profitable in advanced agriculture, or"words to that The breeders at the Waverly meeting esolved against the opening of the Co- umbian exhibition on Sunday. We do not run State or county fairs on that day. f.we did they would lose more than they vould gain by it. It Is argued that the aboring.classes can visit it only on thwt day. That argument might be made with regard to State and county fairs. It would not be good and would not bo entertained. Laborers can go on other clays. If we opened State fairs on Sunday the people who make them pay would stay away in sufficient numbers to make the fairs failures, and this will be the case with the Chicago fair. It is said that religious people must not insist upon their preferences in this regard, that the nation has no creed and all that, but there are more people who will bu offended if it is opened on Sunday than if it is not. This is not France nor Mexico. Look at this question solely from a money-making stand-point, and it will not bo opened on Sunday. These scrupulous people have money. TlIE FABMER IN POLITICS. Reciprocity is quietly revolutionizing the politics of this, country, and introducing a new theory of national comity among the nations that is Only in its infancy. The farmers of the West are vitally interested, while the interests prominent in the movement include manufactures and commerce. Germany and Franco are compelled by the American farmers through Secretary Rusk to exclude our meats and grains by tariff, instead of declaring them diseased. So much is gained. The tariff on what we have to sell is placed so high by those two countries that we can not sell there, but the bad name is taken off in lieu of getting-their- sugar in here free. So much is gained. We have paid a big price for a good name. If anybody in Franco or Germany thinks we American farmers will be satisfied with the swap they are mightily mistaken. Our meats and other things from our farms will go there or wo Will not have their sugar here. Still reciprocity has done something. Our meats may not go owing to the high tariff. That is their affair. Let reciprocity go at work a little more. Put up,the tariff on sugar to countries that keep up the tariff on American grains. This or no tariff for other folks. You see reciprocity was invented to get farmers' products into foreign,markets, and it must do its perfect work or we farmers will give it as bad a name as thesu foreign nations gave our meats. The old doctrines of protection and free trade are laid away in lavender and -musk and reciprocity is now in their place to help the farmer, and it must do it Secretary Rusk is quite an institution now in the land. Let him, while the respective friends of 'Harrison and Elaine dispute about the parentage of reciprocity, whisper in cabinet meetings, to both, that the thing is needing oiling over among the nations of continental Europe, and the man who starts the thing up best will be the one the child will recognize as father. Reciprocity is running smoothly for the manu-. facturer, and nobody ever claimed it as a device perfected for that purpose. It Is a farm machine. The State dinners abroad by our ministers plenipotentiary, at which corn bread was served, have our admiration, but the tariff is so high that the grain can not go there, nor the bacon rind to grease the griddle. Level reciprocity at them or we thick skulled farmers will not be able to see where our slice comes in. tjrti _ of all odd item liM"and thuvto i ter of mounting blocks or hofsebldO^, which MB (Still Til situ in dallying pft¥&n lji './., es in rum! districts* They are f en^rally " merely rough bowlders taken -front <lift r t2 neighboring moors, of a suitable pkBft, : and set down rather close to the chtttoh door or to the opening into the por6a« -Disused and mute though they be they ;, tell us tales of the pomp and clrottos- ' stance of old times, \vhen round thd church doors were to be seen richly caparisoned steeds, stalwart (mights and fair women, besides stout yeomen, With their wives &nd daughters, Waitittffth turn to mount their pillions pleasant •—(3-entleman's Magasdne. the' Longest Day. At Hamburg, in Germany, the longest day occupies 17 hours and the shortest 7. At Stockholm, ,in Sweden, the longest has 18i honrf-titid\the shortest 8i hours. ,At St. Petersburg, the longest has 10 and the shortest 5 hburd. In Finland, the longest has 21 i hours. At Wondorbus, in Norway, the day lasts from the Slat of May to the 2d of July, the sun not getting below the horizon during the whole time, but skimming along very close to it in the north. At Spitzbergen the longest day lasts three months and a half.—London Tit-Bits. ' Australian natives employ the grasping power of their great toes in cliiub- ing trees, and it is their habit to pick up in the same way spwars and other objects from the ground. Tho Christmas Evergreens. The old and pleasant custom of deck'' ing our houses and churches at Christ* mas with evergreens is derived from ancient heathen practices. When Druid- ism existed the houses were decked • With evergreens in December that tfie sylvan spirits might repair to them and remain unnipped with frost and cold- winds until a milder season had renewed the foliage of their darling abodes. The cutting of the mistletoe was a ceremony of great Rolamuity with our ancient an* cestors. /' procession. The jdug canticles and eded three Druids. ' the purpose. Then e of.the Druids, ache people. He mount- cutting the mistletoe • with a goUI'.'u suckle, presented it to the other Druiils, who received it with great respect, and ou the first day of the year distributed it among the people as a sacred and holy plant, crying, "The mistletoe for the new year!" Because it was used in the pagan rites of the Druids, the mistletoe has never been used in the decoration of Christian churches, and it, therefore,, had its place assigned it.:in the kitchens- and halls, where it was hung up in. great state with its white berries, with the charm attached to it that the maid 3 who was not kissed under it at Christmas would not be married in that year. —St. Louis Globe-Democrat. hy v 60-. ed the CHRISTMAS NOTES. TH-E. GKfIr XK f>«» £-« }t A* A COLLEGE EDUCATION FREE My voung friend, do you want an education? We-Vill give away two grand educational prizes between now and the holidays. One is a full scholarship, in any single course in any college, academy or seminary of your own selec- tio, i in the west. The other is a full scholarship »,: western commercial school. Either of i prices is within your reach without the stment of a dollar. Do YOU WANT IT? in mvi If so, da not wait a, minute to write us. is the chance of your lifetime-to secure, & fres There may be better, ways of m'&klng monoy out of cows than keeping !. good jreniTiil purpose cows that milk well imil brf-il good calves to be grown,'fastened iind finished . .on the profusu feoVl of lowu, but w« know of no better way as fur us crtttki nro concerned. Th'tt lioic should bo there to grow on clover, skim and sour milk, and bo fattened on : corn ami u littlo oil meal. The ewe may be thi-ru to trim oil weeds, grow early Jambs and make u little wool to trade for 'woolens, yarns and the like. Specialties may boat this, but we think not We have too much said by the breeder and not enough by the general farmer. The breeder is prone to make wry face at everybody else. His way of feeding will do for him, but rarely pays the general farmer. A hog breeder will 'advise us to push the pig every day and get 300 pounds at eight months. Very wejl for the breeder, perhaps, but the general farmer only pushes when he fattens: He must grow on what is cheap, often has no grain to feed at all and reliesjon,' clover and a little slops from the dairy. He grows corn to fatten with, and if he would grow a little flax or peas to balance it, we think his plan is an economic one, and we are not sure but he makes the cheapest pork. A day.pn a good winter pasture saves a peck of corn. A hundred pounels of skim milk is worth a bushel of com for feeding, 'and is an excellent complement for wh&ij eprft l*cks. Potatoes ~ v " fed to save .COF.O; good clo.ver education. . -s-. Set _.MS~* i .. . > . r~ !-"•£?> Hflnfi WARS OF BREEDERS. A great deal of mischief Is done by breeders of cattle In different lines through unadvised advocacy of some special breed, as if. any one breed of cattle was ordained to answer all ends and purposes, soils, climates and conditions. A man with means or credit takes It into his head without previous experience that he will possess himself of animalsof a certain breed. Once into the business he champions that breed through thick and thin. He fights for it and against all others. Ho is a special pleader for that breed and can see no good of any other. He really does not know from any experience he has had what the peculiarities of the different breeds are, their origin and development. No matter, Saturday and Sunday, at church and at market, at home or abroad, or on the sidewalk—especially ori the sidewalk —he puffs and blows about the brepd he happens to own. He rails against all the other breeds. When a neighborhood becomes possessed of half a dozen such felons through some unaccountable dispensation of providence, every man in it who wants to improve^has all but one of them blackening tho reputation of any particular breed. Nothing is absolutely safe but the scrub, and men desiring to improve hear so much said against every thing with good blood in it that they want to hear of some breed not generally Condemned. This war has been going on for years until many people have lost faith altogether in everything but the corn crib cross. The Shorthorn men be*< gun upon one another, ynfashionable pedigrees and all that, seventeens and the like, Bates against Booth, and such war criea Then the Shorthorn and Herford men had it; then the Polled Angus men attacked both, whereupon the Galloway men openyd up on all three, and ft lively time ww had of it LateMhe Hoiateln «$ Jersey men, fortifyjgg themselves' behind big yields of, m$k gujl^u.tig; fat, the whpie t^ftf- £*J»P- fitf m.er?JJyojB, EDUCATING THE FARMER. Our systems of education are all arranged for the professional The primary, the high school, the college arc dove-tailed into each other. A living question is: "Why do so few farmers' boys attend the agricultural colleges?" Because the series of schools are not arranged for the farmer's boy. He gets a common school education at the district school, but from the district school he can not step into college. He must leave homo and attend the village high school. There he can be prepared for the modtrn college, but every lesson is away from the farm, and none toward it. It is not his school—the village high school is not. He may be welcome, and he may not. He is an intruder more or loss, on suffrance, on toleration, with notices more or less that there is not room for him. He must pay, even if his father pwns as much property in town as the average villager, even though his father helps support the churches and other town institutions. The boy feels a littlo like a cat in a strange garret, more or less guyed, more or less a stranger. We are coming to the conclusion fast that the State should take the boy from the district school with*, his knowledge of arithmetic and grammar and give him in his four years' course in agricultural college what is now required of him to got in the village high soljopl. He will then go straight from <tbe!hQmo farm to the college farm,- and his , farm training- will be continuous. ! The.natural feeders of our colleges are the high schools,! and for the village boy they serve their purpose admirably. All, or very nearly all, our educated men come up through those ayenues. The mechanic in 'the village has the high school 1 as bis by birth, if he dpes not own a dollar's worth of prop* erty, and this we admire wi$h him and rejoice with him in the situation. But the world has come to the point when its conscience keepers—fche farmers; God's vise gerents on earth-r-tha farmers; the nation's jury—the farmers, should have more educational jollities that dove-tail and fit into each other, as the system that the, villag? bpy has : £jba to a nick • ty. He should go from the farm to. hi? college and have his mental faculties, developed to the intellectual level of the educated in a^&gyc, classes, without break. -Tk« ; faMaejrs o Christmas cards were first published" and issued from Summerly's Home Treasury omce, London, in the year 1846. The design of the first one vra8' r drawn by J. 0. Horsley, E. A. The skeleton in the closet just now ifli apt to be a jointed doll.—Philadelphia Becord. Says Santa: "For the child, of the North, a rose from the. summer land far; For the child of the South, a snowflako a-flaslt like a star; For tho child of the West, a lark with the glad sunrise light; For the child of the East, a whip-poor-will, song and good night!" Says Santa. " —Wide Awake. Never look a gift horse in the teeth. It is also wrong to look a Christmas gift in the price mark.—Somerville Journal. Don't quarrel with your best girl just: to sneak out of buying a Christmas pres- + •nt for her. Don't start out to buy a $800 musical box for her, then compromise with yourself on a thirty-five cent box of notepaper.—Philadelphia Call. From the editor's almanac—About fchis time plant Chrismas poems—-i» the wastebasket.—Boston Post. The old "Shepherd's Kalendw" has this much to say about Christmas weather: "Jf the sun shine clear and bright OR Christmas day it promiseth a peaceable year from clamors and strife, and foretells much plenty to ensue; but if the wind blow storhjy .toward' sunset it hetokeneth sickness' Jn the spring autumn quarters," v r it fi'43

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