The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on December 23, 1891 · Page 7
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, December 23, 1891
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Page 7
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THE Parm and Stock Yard. ALGOXA, IOWA, WKDXKSDAV, 8A.M-ES WILSON, Ewron. The Ibwa State grange Is still allying, 'moving and influential body in the State. The Herford steer is first in the show ,irtng at the fat stock show, and the Short•horn the best on the block. Some business men and , professional 'linen and farmers in middle life are tak- jlng the short course in agriculture at 'Ames. j If the farmer had much to say in tho election of speaker of tho lower House of Congress, Mr. Hutch, of Missouri, would 'be the man. ; Feed tame grasses on waste places where you want a sod. Tho stock will .tramp it in, and it will come in the "'spring, certainly. It does seem unequal that the country an should pay for a pigeon hole to have t'his mail put in, while the city man has Sit carried to his dwelling free. C. Wood Davis, of Kansas, shows up ( the ways of grain gamblers and their «ffect on prices. He discovers in them the greatest enemy the producer has. The President notices the farmers in his message. Time was when the farmer could not be noticed for fear of mov- jlng a sneer, as McCaulcy sa,ys of the Pilgrim's Progress, for many years. During ten months ending November, we exported 07,28;! head of fat cattle less 'than the corresponding months one year .ago. Two things influence the export of .cattle — their price and the ability of for- : eigncrs to buy them. Just as soon as farmers recognize that feed and breed go together improvement 'Will be assured, and not till then. Whoever will not feed up to tho capacity of :the animal, up to its necessities, may as 1 "well handle the scrubs, and whoever ignores breeding, the result of feeding and selection will never get more than one generation from the scrub. Predictions are multiplying, and from respectable sources too, that moats in a •few years will be much higher than at {present. The feeding grounds are grad- lually moving west. Beef combines and other depressions succeed in keeping Iprices down. This is driving eastern :Sta'tes out of the business. Especially so this season, when grain is dear. The theory on which speculators bear .prices is, producers are more easily scared into selling than buoyed up into holding. .They pay for bearish reports, while producers never pay for bullish reports. Then, free selling before consumers want the products enables the speculators to get control. Prices raise after that, because holders then pay for printing ar- •ticles on the bull side. If.all of us had eastern enterprise the East could not compete with us in producing anything that grows in our latitude, but the eastern feeder still gets our rraw material to work up. We sell him thin stock and cheap grain, and he sets about making more money out of both than we made in growing them. See the difference between corn in the ear [and corn turned into meats, horses, dairy products and poultry. Barn work has begun now for tho winter. Haul out the manure as it is made before fermentation has begun at all. Spread it out in bare spots where the grass has been killed or weakened. Re-seeding will be secured by this method, the root of the grass will be protected, the work of hauling the manure will be done, tho seeds in the manure will germinate earliest in the spring and win. ter manuring, we predict, will be repeated. The farmer in Iowa can well afford to give accommodation to poultry. The demand is great, and the price is usually better thitn for meats. The cost of making a pound of fowl or a dozen of eggs :' has not been reduced to so close estimates us the cost of meat has, but poultry has not buen cornered, nor can it bo so easily. No way of relief has been yi-t discovered )iow we may evade the cattle , trust, but minor things sell on their merits. Nice butter, early lambs, good colts, fine poultry and the like have not been cornered. The Homestead has an interesting quotation from Dr. Wallace, of the Edinburgh agricultural college, Scotland. v Be ha? been traveling in Egypt and • finds that land has rejuvenated there i; '^rtth clover the same as it is here. That ,country JJM Rrown crops that we know of since Joseph built the granaries. The ;*clenUsts have just discovered how cer- jtajp ofctrer apd other plants get nitrogen jfVi R the atmosphere, thereby enrich* |*0g the soil. The Eyptians found this oat without science. Now tb»t ObiOftso's /ftt stock show ii over, we think its lessons stop entirely jihort of the point to be arrived at when .the amount of feed and what kind of feed by e»ch anim«l does not aocow the statement of his weight. It i$ a her's show. Everything depending «D the result arrived at Nothing s«id md traveled to n*ch the re- <'«M*ijuently the th&V I* no* than from Willy WfttSon, th* Turlington feeder, whff Mid he, made his Into soup. ; Interest grows raflidly 1 in sheep, see numerous inquires and answers in regard to feeding them. We advise a good deal of caw on this point When sheep are to be fattened that is one thing. When they are kepi for breeders that la another thing. Iowa farmers over-feed breeding animals very frequently. ]f breeding ewes are well protected " f r0 m storms, have access to clover hay,salt and plenty of water, very little grain is necessary. j\ pound a day each of oats or bran and corn mixed is sufficient, but just as certain as free feeding of corn is practiced, mischief will follow. Wooded pastures in the late fall ana enrly winter are very valuable, but most of them have too many trees on them. Where the leaves cover the grass too much they injure It and render it unpalatable to animals. Wind breaks closely planted are good on the north side of pastures and permit profitable grazing longer than can be had on exposed pastures. Blue grass is benefited by partial shade and occasional trees are beneficial, but where trees stand so close that tho shade is dense, grass will not grow well, and where they stand so thick that the leaves in tho fall cover the ground, injury to gray-ing comes from that course. The grazier has a friend or an enemy in trees just as he manages them. We pity the herds that have neither shade in summer nor shelter in winter, but that does not argue the necessity of trees so thick that they injure the pastures. FARM INSTITUTES. Tho improved stock breeders have just held a meeting at Waterloo. Among other things they resolve in favor of tho State contributing toward farmers' institutes. It is supposed that the reason why Iowa has been behind her sister States heretofore in this regard is want of general agreement regarding the handling of the money. It may be interesting to enquire how State benefactions of this kind arc handled in other States. The Canadians put tho money in the hands .of tho president of tho agricultural college. Localities desiring institutes raise sufficient money to pay local expenses. The president of the college arranges parties of practical and scientific men who travel from one locality to another in circuits as our politicians go from place to place in stumping tours. The institute campaign continues three or four weeks, at the end of which time grand round-up meetings are held jn central localities. $5,000 is tho appropriation from the province of Ontario. Wisconsin appropriates $12,000, expended, we think, under tho direction of Prof. Hency,. who has a superintendent of institutes to conduct operations. Institute work in Iowa lias been conducted by the localities. A dozen men in the State have given their time and paid their own expenses helping those localities. We think a little money put in President Beardshear's hands could be judiciously expended. HEREDITY OF ABNOItaiAf, CHAIl- ACTKKS. The subject is being discussed whether dehorned animals will have muley off- springs. Manly Miles says that in 1770 a hornless bull was produced in Paraguay, which has been the progenitor of a race of hornless cattle in that country. The Polled breeds of Great Britain no doubt originated in the same way. We are told of a ram appearing in a Hock of sheep in Germany, who had unusually small ears. He left valuable stock. They wore inter-bred, and a little-eared family of sheep was established, some of which have como to the United States. Miles also tells us of breeding two rabbits together who happened to have only one ear each. Among the progeny ho found two rabbits, one of each sex, having only one ear each. By selecting one- eared rabbits to breed from in each generation, he established a sub-family of one-eared rabbits. A slut was littered with only three legs and several of her puppies had the same defect with herself. A cat belonging to Dr. Coventry, of Edinburgh, lost its tail by accident. One or more of Its kittens in every one of Us litters had the same blemish. Wo have seen the same result of a cat losing Its tail, in our own observation. Now with regard to dehorned cattle. Among tho thousands of cows In Iowa that have had their horns taken off, several calves will undoubtedly be found without horns. If one can bo found of each sex quite a proportion of the third generation will be hornless. By breeding the mulies together, a sub-family of hornless animals can be established and nothing new under the sun will be done then. : This question engrosses the attention of experts and others all over the land at the present time. We are told repeated* ly and with emphasis, that we BUM* push the animal from birth to maturity, as the only way by which we can proq> ably and intelligently feed. Hog ipen are especially emphatic on this question. Nearly every papejr re«4 at a. breeder's meeting, or MvsUtuVe, follgw^ tWs h#ck- oey«d line and tells us that the hog must be pushed to early roatmrlty, $} ow >e desire to discuss the other side of this question. You cannot pu,»h the hog Ffjmew'i t*f Ifea fat-; making most money i* made 1 ft steer every day to " mfttU* pushing This may pay In certain fcases and in others it >vlll not. Much of the cheiijp fodders of the West have a value for pfr< wing animals, and few farmers can } afford to push a steer with expensive grfeins everyday to maturity. We are als< told thnt tho, animal assimilates most in ts youngest months/or years, and gets noSt benefit from a given amount of fe-d. Thi.s Is true, btit tho younger moiiths of a majority of tho animals in |he Wnst must of necessity be deyoted ingrowing an-1 not to finishing. Tho ration upon which »n animal can bo grown Is • one tiling: the ration for fattening an animal is another tiling The ration for finishing an animal is still different from cither of tho other two. Just how some of our shining lights on feeding manage to make one ration apply to these three periods Is more than wo can comprehend. We wish to impress this point, that an animal at different periods in life requires different feed. COMMON rtUU'OSE COWS. The Rural New Yorker has extended correspondence on the question: "Can a cow be good for both milk and meat?" The opinions of people differ as their interests or inclinations or observations happen to bo. The breeder of special dairy cattle, or cattle that do not milk well, are very decided in the opinion that there can be no common purpose cattle. The editors are not looking in the right direction for information on this subject that is valuable to the common reader. Wherever all over the world you find special purpose cattle, they arc exceptions to the general rule. The com mon people who own farms and keep cattle have general purpose cows, to whom they look for milk and from whom they get the calves that make the beef of thn work!.. There are range cattle from whom milk is never expected, and then- are dairy breeds of whom little : boef is expected, but the common purpose cow in civilized life is the rule. The milking habit in a cow must be developed.! It is done by generous feeding and assiduous milking, careful breeding and rigid selection. The easy fattening property always accompanies free milking, while, free milking does not always accompany easy fattening. It is', not practical to farm in Iowa to, the best advantage—we mean whore thd very most is to be made out of the land, without the milk cow, and the feeding iteer, and the one must produce the other. It is not practical to farm without either.. It is not practical to keep a special!purpose milking cow and a special purpose fattening cow. If this subject could bo separated from . the conditions of localities that have nothing to make beef with, it wo'ild not be so much clouded. If the interest or disposition of the farmer who will not milk and need not milk, were detached from the subject, it would exist In a clearer atmosphere. It furnishes a prolific topic for amateurs to discuss and newspapers to print, but the fact is and will remain—the common farmer needs a common purpose cow. FINISHING CATTLE. Our fcodors should give more attention to finishing cattle for market. We are not now speaking of the farmers who do not feed at all, but of those who do feed. Such a small per cent of cattle selling in the higher classes is what impels us to write of this. Several things are to be considered in this matter. Good blood is requisite in this matter, but many of our steers arc well graded up, fed a long time, and then not finished. There are several difficulties that surround feeding. Experience is limited. The range of feeding stuffs has been narrow. Feed has been cheap and profits to the Iowa feeder quite uniform. Corn has been our finishing material with little exception, and few feeders have deviated.from the one thing. And It must bo confessed that tho volume of meats has been very superior. Finishing is our theme, and it will bo added very soon to farm acquirements. Few feeders are prepared for balancing tho corn with anything else. If they graze as long as possible and feed clover hay with corn the cattle will do well, but tho finish requires something after the stour has done about what ho will on corn. Toward the close of tho feeding period if oil meal, or ground Jlax, or oats, barley, ground peas or any other grain Is fed, tha animal takes a new start and a finish can bo put on that will sell every pound in him at a, higher price. And singular as it may seem,the animal makes weight fast, even after a long feeding period. Feeders in the eastern States and in the old world who must buy grain balance the ration from the beginning of the feeding period. They know that more will be digested and assimilated of the starchy grains if the flesh forming grains are fed with them.. The same would ?esult here, put our corn is so convenient, cheap and abundant that we have Uttje hope of a general balancing of corn with oil meal of o*ta fa B ome time to? come. The oh| irty. of capitalists buying up corn and cajttle will go on _l»d wbU» it gives a ptoUt new inethods Will not be sudden. Parsers wfej breed, carefully and feed th*ljr own steers will find It proflUble >o flaiib and use such fqeda as >ffll dp Wi-'fpno animals that fljpire at the fat rtoclc ffcows are nov -•— l — «*»k 0$ $fcqr f m. <*ri New Year's Galls. Gentlemen will be better prepared to pay the compliments of the season and ladies will be in better humor to receive them after reading our superb New years Paper It will be profusely illustrated and will have much original and interesting matter concerning New Year's day. Von Can't Afford to Miss It. A trial convinces the most, skeptical Carefully prewired. pleH.snnt to the t.iisle Do Witt's Cough and Consumption Cure is a voluable remedy. Huvnih for llic Fimiiwii. Something they all need. The Excelsior Windmill Attachment and Feed Grinder, can bo attached to any wine mill and is guaranteed to do the work of any feed grinder. Sample of the grinders may be seen tvt Matt llie.hnrdson's ware house on Stalls street. Come, in and see us. Every machine sold is guaranteed to work or we get no pay. Jos.' liven & BIIOS , MATT RICHARDSON, Algona 734 AuxMit. "Oh! how dreadfully yellow and greasj my face is getting-." Say do you know this is all caused by a disordered liver, and that your skin can be changed from a dark greasy yellow to a transparent white by the use of Beggs' Blood Purifier and Blood Maker? Every bottle guar anteed by F. W. Dingley. [UmES-GENTLCMBI, !PUCJ(1IOH' CUE.VEI.AHO-> c\ ^ A This space is reserved for Dr L. K. Gar field, who -will sell U any bicycle not represented by Agts. in Algona 4 RILEY & YOUNG'S Combination SLAT and WIRE FENCE, It is a fence for open countries, for it cannot be blown down. It is the fenco for lo\v lauds, for It cannot be washed away. It destroys no ground whatever, and if beauty be considered an advantage, it is the neatest and handsomest farm fence Ini the world. In short, it combines the good qualities o{ a-1 fences in an eminent degree, and as soon an introduced will become the pomilar fence of the country. It is beauti- iul and durable. It is strong and will increase the price.of your farm far more than any other fence. It will last much longer than any other fence. It is a great addition, occupies less ground, excludes less sunshine, has no super- f2f2!?*. f .f l|0 8'i» w w stronger than any other fence and will turn any stock no matter bow breachy. it is plainly visible and is uotdau- gerous to stoekTlke barb wire. The best horse fence in the world. It will protect all crops from a half grown chicken to a wild ox. It is the most uniform, and by comparison of cost inucli the cheapest. Kept for sale in all parts of liossuth county. Made Dy Uiley & \ouug, MARLINS^ EVERYWHERE LIVERY, FEED AND SALE STABLl \^^SSSK&, r'&iswL^ fek,-. -ii*- Best of Horses and West or Tl,o,|,,,rton Ho.m,. Biggeirs Furniture ••••••ltTffi^t»MtMMTiV«m»l^<BMMM^a< Protector *>» I nil Ill >• I ml 11* 1..» i UJJIMMMUM-UMMU Carpet Sweeper! A BISSflL CARPET SWEPEft —If? the Queeen of— Christmas JPreggnts. It will mcike a pleasure of labor, lighten drudgery, save dust and wear and back-aches. They are beautiful machines, and lasting, perfect sweepers—the finest in the world. Sold exclusively by STILL CONTINUES The Most Popular Family Newspaper in the West IT IS THE BEST NEWSPAPER FOR THE HOME .-. .-. THE WORKSHOP. OR THE BUSINESS OFFICE roa THE PROFESSIONAL MAN THE WOEKINGMAN. OR THE POLITICIAN. 1 1 ItS •9 i «» _ posted on a THE BEST STORIES AND SKETCHES- IN THE LANGUAGE, Its. FOREIGN and DOMESTIC CORRESPONDENCE I 3 very eztanslve and tUe best. The Youth' 8 Department, Curiosity Shop, \Vom:ui's Kingdom & The Hume Aro Better than a Magazine (or tho Family. One oltha Moat Important Features Lathe Dapartmant of FARM AND FARMERS, """-T^; HOARD of -Wisconsin. Editor and Proprietor of outurtst Tbls ^ aoe-w Datura and an important oaetoAori- AN ALLIANCE ^DEPARTMENT THE WEEKLY INTER OCEAN Is One Dollar per Year, postage paid. THE .. SEMI- WEEKLY .-. INTER .-. 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Our cases are double veneered inside and outside, thus avoiding the -' checking and warping. t Our key-bottoms are framed together like a door, and therefore b^uod to keep straight. ^ Our patent music rack is the plainest and yet most serviceable in existence Our patent fall board is a novelty and of the most practical usefulness, The patent repeating wtion is highly appreciated by expert player*. M well as by scholars. " The patent tuning-pin fastening, only used in our pianos, ii the important improvement ever invented; the tuning pin being inserted in the full iron frame thus lessening the liability of stretching and of the springs, so commonly feuoA ift plWMW witJ» wooden wmt W» ch*HeB£« the wojl4 that our pUao wltt ll»a4 longer in * •

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