The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on December 9, 1891 · Page 7
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, December 9, 1891
Page 7
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Farm and Stock Yard, THE REPUBLICAN: ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1891. JAMES WILSON, EDITOII. we imported $3,380,529 hotses. This year $1,003,049. An fluent of the agricultural department la now visiting foreign countries, endeavoring to teach foreigners how to cat Indian corn. Secretary Rusk recommends that a duty bo levied on hides imported from 'Countries that have made no concessions ,wlth regard to thrs admission of our ''agricultural products. Prof. Henry made a deep impression .on our people at Waverly. He under- ( Stands what he says well enough to put lift language as simple as St. John's gospel, and few can do that. •Tho ladies are going to the short .Course at Ames to study dairying. Sever"al have so resolved. They are after ;the difference between ten and thirty cents for butter, and they will get it. Thoroughbred stock sells unusually low. Why, it is difficult to say.' All Itinds sell low, except speed horses. Our 'sljocjk needs Improving very much. Still good stock is depressed. Many herds ane going out of being, and out of record. There is an immediate field for invent,ors in fitting machinery with scats on, for beet growing. Iowa will grow the sugar beet just as soon as the machinery is ready. Better have shades also, because people are more particular than when you and I were young. • Secretary Rusk has taken up the middleman. who deals in farm products, thinks he gets too much, proposed to keep the farmurs posted in regard to 'prices, and save him from the penalty of ignorance, and as he puts it, "the unscrupulous greed of traders." Prof. Sanborn finds corn fodder, dry, more palatable than silage. Either the learned gentleman knows more about this subject than all America besides, or he does not know what good silage is. All America may suspect the latter. The Prof., of course, has no doubt of the former. *&8 thote hi oinewvtion, equalled. The intelligent preparation of the feed of tho dairy cow Is beginning to get mote attention and deserves it The handling of milk his distanced the production of milk. The scientist has used his energies at the wrong end. Milk must bo had. How to manage the 'fatm to get cow feed is uppermost. Dr. Wallace thinks our farms are overstocked. They are, as long as we waste our corn fodder and cut tho grasses fot hay that should be pastured. Bui Iowa can keep Infinitely more stock, and some day will. The trouble is not with tho State but with us. There is urgent need of a vigorous getting of bettei pastures and better stock. We have toe much slock for our pastures. But wu can very easily have better pastures, and when wo have something in the shape of extra feed to keep over drowths, the State can keep many more cattle, horses and sheep. We have entirely too many hogs. Sir John B. Lawcs, of Rothamsted, is now an old man. Ho has experimented for the benefit of farmers all his life. Desiring to have the good -work go on, he has left his property in the hands of trustees, one condition being that a representative of the farm shall visit America once in three years and lecture in the United States. An act of this kind does more to break down national prejudice, than the operations of diplomats for ton years. The Smithsonian institute sit Washington is 'the gift of an Englishman. Ho we sometimes got something back for the millions spent abroad by traveling Americans. The fat stock show people have shut out three-year-old steers from competition. This is going too fast. We make beef tATo ways. One by full .feeding every day of the animal's life. This is early maturity. The other way is by growing and then fattening: growing on grass, principally, and finishing on grain. The- fat stock people recognize only the early maturity way, a way raru amongst us, and that must, from the very nature of things, remain rare, because grass beef is cheapest made in rummer, and the young stock steer'can pick up much that the early maturing steer cannot use. The batcher may desire the early maturing animal, but a very large per The creamery men of Iowa are asking ccnt " of our farmers cannot afford to for the Experiment Station Bulletins by the hundred, to distribute among their patrons. The Bulletins are sent free to all citizens on application. One Iowa man is as good a? another. The ability of the station to pi'iut, however, is about exhausted. The State can help the station put facts in the hands of all who want them. Th« triumphs of business life fairly won sit as gracefully on him, or her, who deserves, us tho poet's bays, or the soldier's laurels. Wo all admire a man who works for success and succeeds in the everyday affairs of life. The world has many such Iwrocw. This thought came to UK when we looked over the wodc of (). T. IJcnnison in organizing the Wayerly dairy convention. Tho flax seed oil rriilh Ivive a well organized combination that has certainly titon full advantage of circumstances this fall. The f'.a.v scud has thirty-five pec cent, of oil in it, an'l the r.jsid'iu after the oil is out, sells for about as much as tho,flax seed. .As I own, farmers grow in wealth and knov.'i^h! 1 '', \vh;it is to hinder,them from i,iv-.-iir.'.' tlv »il out of flax seed for tin-in <«•! %•••;' It clows soomtfhat attc-nlu.u i>> '<iii> is'n;- cled. feed that way. They must wait a little longer. No practical farmer over agreed to exclude three-year-olds. The annual report of Secretary Ilusk deals with live farm questions. It is by far the most intelligent report ever issued by the department of agriculture. The farmers of the country speak through a cabinet officer iis they never spoke before. "The -entire-prestige "of the government is wielded through him for the benefit of American producers. He discusses intelligently the disabilities inder which our exports move, and calls he attention of our government directly mfl other governments incidentally, for •omeditjs that must be had. The hint riven to European countries that pro- our hog products brought a rem- dy. Other countries iirc getting hints. There is no longer reason why our ex- jort be«ves should be slaughtered at the iort of landing in (iivat Britain. Secro- ary liusk is throwing grass at John ".nil, but he intimates very pointedly that if unjust discriminations are con- intied ho will throw stones. It will jrinif the remeeJy. Let the British, I' they dcBlro, levy a tax upon our cattle, but they must not longer publicly charge tlic-in with being disused. in the last Republican platform. The anti-monopoly wat is*, riot over, tfhile rebates ate given to the -meat combine 1ft Chicago, that has absorbed (ill the proflte of tho producers and extorts excessive prices from the consumers. Parties must fight the farmers' battles if they expect their votes. Meats are very dear to tho people. They are very cheap on the farm. Swift etc; lately got $30,030 in rebates. This shuts out competition and leaves the farmers in Swift's power, and others like him. Every farmer knows this, feels the impression in his sole, is exasperated, sees his party desert him, and is not in good party humor. Other issues arc well enough, but money issues talk loudest. This is all the politics we know. The federal grand jury at Chicago has returned indictments against Swift and others for getting rebates from the railroads. One of two things must happen; either the government will take charge of the railways or shippers will got equal rates. As long as these great corporations get lower rates than the common mass of shippers they will have a monopoly in their lines. Nothing but this built up the meat trusts, nothing but this prevents competition. It is useless to expect such abuses to continue. Americans will not tolerate it. The cattle business for this very reason Is in a pro- carious condition. Nobody knows what the combination will do with prices. If any shipper could get the rates tho great packers gct f competition in handling meats would regulate prices upon tho basis of supply and demand. As it is, competition is shut out and prices made us inc trust pleases to make them, both to the producer and consumer. Now the grand jury has done its duty. It will bo interesting to watch the progress of the trial. Will money buy exemption '! If not, and the law is to be enforced there is hope in the future. If the power of these insolent packers defies the courts as it did the United States Senate, then the country may contemplate its masters, and the remedies a free people have for this contemptible despotism. Some Iowa papers propose to repeal our State laws. Let that be seriously tried. There will be an issue 'bigger than beer very soon. At no time in American history has monopoly—a butcher's monopoly—been connived at by the common curriers, and tolerated by all producers and all consumers, that so belittles all concerned as this. It took ten years to get this statute in Congress and ton more to get this indictment. The courts are now on trial. Talking with Charles Aldrich the other day about the preservation of theeafly hffltofy of Iowa and her great men who laid the foundations on which the commonwealth has grown, brought up the thought that Kirkwood, Harlan, Allison and others owe it to us to write the history of their times. There Is another field that has been occupied by more retiring men, that will be of as great Interest to coming generations the history of agricultural development. We would pay liberally for a volume written by a leading farmer in each decade since Iowa was settled. Our histories generally treat of war, politics and diplomacy. In this industrial age, when more attention is given to the worker than to the warrior, we turn to what has been written of the farm and find very little that applies to the prairios. Within the last ten years agriculture has had attention from men who can put their thoughts on paper, and from careful investigators. Agricultural facts are arraying themselves. Our colleges that educate teachers for the schools will some day extend their curriculum and recognize the industries. The farmer's boy should begin his studies in agriculture in the district school. Before ho does somebody must write a text book. This brings us back to our starting point. Agricultural colleges have very few text books. Prof. Budd lectures from his wide experience. So does Patrick, and so do most of the other professors who have specialties. The text books necessary to tho old time professional student answer in the auxiliary chairs, but applied agriculture relating to the prairies exists mostly in the minds of a few men. Only long and extensive experience fits any one for book-making —books that farmers will read, that concern them. Still such books are wanted to mark the growth of agriculture in the several departments. The State library contains little, if anything, on these topics, nor does the congressional library, ^nor docs any library. We have works on agriculture from the British and New England standpoint of some value, but they do not apply to Iowa. The stations are getting facts, but they arc not as entertaining as novels, while they will enable many farmers to mend their philosophy. The growth of information regarding the farm is great, but very little is being stereotyped. No book put upon the market would sell so fast, as a subscription book, as a well digested treatise on the farm. GMQrilson hits nu<r.y :i u ii!ot ill He feeds potatw-, uii'l *n;A ' oarth will do no li:ir:i>." Tl us of a remark 'o>' no i.'.\|)'. me*, who was tclliiu' h;i\v li oows on poi.iiioi.- We less did more tat hcmcl. "it little reminds d i> I f ar•d old wash helps Is oat •\Ye l'\t -i 1 H-iis la.' ci/nntr.v that our .v.iiiis an i gr«•(••.••» L-Miiiiiin 33(o 40 pec i''>ni. less Yu-utrin than the ume iplui.u ;:fo\vu in i-in'opu \Ve clo\uot agrui-U> that. Our new soil grows protein unnvj readily than worn Boils. Bu- reifxi Bteaelily imports our proteins in fl&K meal, wheat, oats, and buys \ matecial wherever it can be found. Our idovoe fields, llax, oats, barley, wheat, peas and beans are as rich in protein 'like plants abroad. The dairyman's convention lately bek | at Wftverly brought together the largest of representative dairymen ever as ,inl«wa. They discussed •with or and intelligence the question jaffeottog the cow and her position in Iqjpa, .A .display of dairy ma* The excitement over tho trotter is wide spread. A bettor class of citizens handle him than formerly. More respectability, consequently, attaches to him. We earnestly advise the young farmers to give itU Mition to a breed that will bo useful on" the farm. The city man noeda outdoor exercise. The farmer has plenty of it. The city man can afford to pay for healthy exercise in breeding speed horses; the farmer can not. Tho demand for trotters will be limited to men needing diversion. They arc generally men of means. The young farmer has to make his fort»0», He nust raise what is sure to bring him cash a»y day. The draft colt, the car-, riage lorse, the saddle horse, and the calavry horse always sell, because they are al\wys Avanted. The trotter is a creature of fancy, and fancy may turn to sometUng else measurably. We notice men wing carried away with speed horses, wlo have no money to spend on them. Tbjy will quit some day. We have-on asked often since election, "wU«u was the matter with the farmers in he late election?" We are not in poetic, just npw.^but we used to help make pUforms for the farmers to i.«>ia M> o*tw» W ows entirely forgotten CATTLE FEEDING. The Breeders' Gazette has ascertained by wide correspondence that only Iowa and Nebraska are feeding the usual amount of cattle and the nutfiberis based on those fed from the short corn crop of a year ago. The impression that grain will bo needed in Europe deters many from feeding it, and induces them to sell it. We think that this is a mistaken policy because those who buy it will feed it, and the seller is merely turning the transformation of his grains into high selling products to sonic one else who has more experience and more faith in feeding. Grain should not be grown at all unless it, is intended to feed it on the farm on which it grows, as a general proposition. If the predictions of Mr. Davis come true and prices of grain go up in a few years because of growing population, then the farmer can afford to sell a little grain at higher prices that would pay; but present prices for -grain do not pay the seller. In order that tho farmer may thrive he must secure all the profits that are possible in his grain from growing, which is only a bare living, from condensing into meats, dairy products, horses, wool, poultry, and the like. \Ve need not complain of middlemen if we Avill not put our products in shape for the consumer. A host of them live by feeding our corn. It seems that the Iowa farmers are feeding more generally than farmers in other States. It is very evident that our people 'are seizing upon the profits, first, and ultimate regarding their products to a greater extent than ever befora Careful farmers are growing less grain and growing more grass, and improving the animals that eat it. Much leeway is yet to be overcome here. Really, it is very unsatisfactory to feed ill beasts, and Iowa is full of them, and too little attention is given to getting better ones, but all things considered, it is very hopeful to read that feeding is more general in our State than elsewhere. The feeding process is educational. It leads to a dealre for better animals, a .study of the value of feeding stuffs, widens the range of the farmer's reading, adds knowledge, increases the fertility of the soil, makes what profit is to be made,makes the farmer manufacturer of his own raw material, and altogether changes the man. J.'iiri-ith i-.ii' tint Farmer*. Something they sill need. The Excelsior Windmill Aunr.liment and Feed Grinder, can be attached to any wind mill arid is guaranteed to do the work of any feed grinder. Sample of tlie grinders mny be, seen at Mutt Richardson's ware house on Stale street. Come in and see Every machine sold is guaranteed to work or wo get, no pny. Jos. HUG: & BIIC.H., MATT RICHARDSON, Algona 7 b*-i Agent. •'Tim« is money," remarked Broke, with a sigh, as liu ga/ecl at his watch and steered for the pawnbroker's. "Oh! how dreadfully yellow and greasy my face is getting." Say do you know this is all caused by a disordered liver, iiml that your skin can bfi changed from a durk greasy yellow to a transparent whii'j by the use of Beggs' Blood Purifier Blood Mftker? Every bottle guar- nnte.c/1 !>y F. W. Dingley. Ank my agents for W. I*. Dousing Shoe:.. ( not lor Bale in your place ask youi .'<'<i!or to send for catalogue, secure li:< rjiuioy, and eet them lor you. C2-TAK.E NO SUBSTITUTE. GEM ViiS BEST SHOE IN THE WORLD FOR TI'.F. KONEVT It Is I-. scnmless shoe, wltli uo mukH or v,-:i:c I !-.n:..! :o hurt (ho fuel; in add of tho best llnu cult', i tyiis.. .iiul c:isy, flml bccnttne ire iitcike mow sluts* ij' /,';/.- uriiile ilfin «n// other niunvfavturer, it uquuU Lnuu- .we'll shoos costtiii; from 84.00 to $.1.1)0. V f .\ CIO <; ciui i no Uaii(!-he\vi;(I, the finest calf d,J.'».?» shoo over olforuil for Sfi.lWj equals jj'e.ic:, l,iip'r,'tc'il KhooD wbluli cost from .$*.i>' to Si; 1 .!:!. 1 . J.-V? 00 naml.Senvf.l Woltf IShac, «>:o cn'r, :i' 4 Vu stylish, cumfortublu nuil iluralile. Vlii; in-: •. •iiio'i ovnr ofd.Tccl nf, (lil« jn-'co ; Kama giMUu t.n ci.:;- r>:ii-".;;i'i'! uliiiuij coat In;; 1'roni (5i;.U) to 8!).(iil. ~ % 1-; •"'.'•.'i I'ulice Shoo i l-'orm'urfi, llnilmnil JTi-u ?!•' V'* U'"l l«citU>r<..':irrltr:it'.!l wourtbcr.'.; liiu't :;lf, -.•:>.M!-.<S'|, tiiiioolh Ir.Klde. heavy threu Kolrs, t.t:i.:i- -,i in cilit". ono pair will v.-unrayear. i' <r:i 50 lino ca.ll'} no better hlioe c.vt'j- n";:.••«••.! 11 ~>tr,x UiU price; olio trial vi'iil couviui.u U.L'.IU -. '10 want, u &hou for comfort ami Kurvlco. %;:''!? ii.'i mid &£.tt() Vv'oi'FtlUBUSttit'rt times •Jt'-jy lira very Htrnuv nml durahlo. Tlioso who : HM ';l\'L'n them a trial will wenr noothurr.mlic. *-'* -svjfla' S'-i.OO SI.75 school BUoun a:v .,, >J'y & worn by iliolKiyn every whuru; tlioyBC'il ; i !ii;:r merits, us the litcreuslUK sales show. ! -t/-ag««B S8.00 Ilniul-Mcwocl Rlioe, be.=t .- -..« ua I vO l)onnoln, very ntyllsh; eiiualulTcuc !i • ,'iri.iNl shoes cogttm;from Sl.ui to Sii.ixi. t.:i<ISi-n' tf,Sq, 83.00 lui.l 81.75 sboo for ' ••.;:•.•; uru the best flneUon^oln. Stylish uiid durable. {'.-union.—See that W. I,. Douglas' name uniJ • •• .co are stomped ou tbe bottom of each shoo. VA L. DOTJULAS, Brockton, Mass. F. S. Stough, Ae-eut WKRRKNTED WftGONS & BUGGIES MANUFACTURED BY If you wish the easiest riding, most durable and attractive W&gon or Buggy made, ask yew JPtqler to show you tfat gwk* 4 ipritte* warranty fuiuJghed with every one. Take 99 Qtfcer. You may as well have the JB£ST, It costs w WQIS &a» an inferior article. T^^^W? Premiums for Every Subscriber OF THE REPUBLICAN, ELEGANT PORTRAITS FREE DESCRIPTION OF THE PORTRAITS. An elegant Crayon Lithograph picture FKEE to all subscribers of THE BEPUHLICAN. To all who pay all arrearages and one year in advance from tlie date of payment we will give any one of the Crayon Lithographs listed below KJUSK AH A VKI53IIUM. To all new subscribers who pay one year in advance from date of payment we will give any one of the Crayon Lithographs listed below FREE AS A PREMIUM. LIFE-SIZED BUST PORTRAITS OP PROMINENT MEN. Crayon Lithographs, printed in one color, as fine as steel. Size of each, 22x28. U. S. GENERALS. Geo. Washington, Andrew Jackson, U. S. Grant, Winfield Scott, Henry W. Ilalleck, Phil II. Sheridan, Frank P. Blair, Benjamin Harrison. Thadeus Kosciuszko, Kazimierz Pulawsld, ' Jan Sobieski, (full figure.) John E. Wool, Geo. Stoneman, Philip Kearney, Btissell A. Alger, Wm. T. Sherman, J. C. Fremont, Jas. A. Garfield, John A. Logan, P. J. Osterhaus, Geo. G. Meade, W, S. Hancock, Ileintzelmaii, W. B. Franklin, Admiral Farragtit, Admiral Porter, CONFEDERATE Robert E. Lee, Jas. Longstreet, G. T. Beanregard,Ambrose P. Hill, A. E. Burnsicle, E. O. C. Ord, Commodore Foote. GENERALS. J. E. Jonnston, Richard S. Ewell. PROMISCUOUS. Chas. S. Parnell, Mrs. F. C. Cleveland, Benjamin Franklin, Emperor Napoleon I. Emperor Frederick II. Abraham Lincoln,Grover Cleveland, Jas. G. Blaine, Mary, Queen of Scotts, W. E. Gladstone, Thomas Jefferson, L. P. Morton, Duke of Wellington, Frederich L.Jaliii.Gustave Adolpli, Lafayette, Jefferson Davis, in 1864, Christopher Columbus, John Brown, Jefferson Davis, in 1889, Fernando Cortex, Fred Douglass, Dan O'Connell, Robert Emmett. F. II. E. Von Jlumboldt, John Smith, La Salle, De Soto, Daniel Webster, Dr. Robert Koch, Chas. Dickens, Jenny Lind, Harriet B. Stowe. Wm. Penn, Pizarro, Wm. Windom, Geo. Bancroft, AdelinaPatti, COMPOSERS. Handel, Mozart, Liszt, Wagner, Gounod, Verdi, Chopin, Bach, Haydn, Weber, Rossini, Auber, Flotow, Lortzing. Gluck, Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Meyerbeer, Schubert, Schumann, POETS. Schiller, John G. Whitter, Thomas Moore, Scott, Koerner. Shakespeare, Longfellow, Goethe, W. C. Bryant, Oliver Goldsmith,Robert Burns, Lessing, 'Byron, Uhland, Tennyson, GENERALS OH THEIR WAR HORSES. Each General on a sheet 22x28 inches, One color, plain. Geo. Washington,U. S. Grant, Wm. T. Sherman.Philip II. Sheridan, Jas. A. Garfield, W. S. Rosecrans, G. A. Custer, Robt. E. Lee, N. B. Forrest, Geo. II. Thomas, Geo. B. Meade, Ambrose E. Burnside, P. J. Osterhaus, Jas. B. McPherson, John Morgan, Jas. E. B. Stuart, John A. Logan, Joseph Hooker, Benj. Harrison, Franz Sigel, Winfield S. Hancock. Geo. B. -McClellan, T. J. Jackson, G. T. Beauregard. MISCELLANEOUS PICTURES. The Presidents of the United Stotes from 1789 to 1889. In one color. Copyrighted. On sheet 22x28 inches. Our patrons will please notice that this is the most important and historical group of its kind ever published, as it now, of course, for the first time, embraces an exact period of one hundred years, Centennial Inauguration. Size 22x28 This picture is intended as a Souvenir of the Inauguration of the Presidency of the United States, 1789 to 1889. The Commanders-in-Chief, G. A. R. f executed in fine steel tint. Copyrighted. Size, 22x28. The Knights of Labor Group Picture. This is the only true and authentic Knights of Labor picture extant. The Irish Members Group Copyrighted. Size, 22x28. The above picture shows the interior view of the House of Parliament, and a correct portrait of each member in his seat. President Harrison and His Cabinet. Size, 22x28. Each bust portrait in this group is nearly half-life size. The Great Conemaugh Valley Disaster. Size, 28x42 inches. In one color. This is the only true and realistic picture yet published showing the horrible destruction of Johnston, Pa., by blood and fire, with other graphic scenes— the most disastrous flood of this age. Family Record. In one color. Copyrighted. Size, 19x24. This forms a very pleasing and beautiful picture when framed, ana contains space for photographs of parents and ten children. No family should be without it. The Great Louisville, Ky., Cyclone, Tornado and Fir©. Size, 28x42. Family Record. For colored people. Size, 19x24. This is the iirst and only picture of its kind in the market. It cop- tains spaces for photographs of parents and ten children. Three Mottoes— Faith, Hope and Charity Size of each 12x26 inches. America's Greatest Patriots. Size, 22x38 inches. The Founders (I. O, O. F.) of Oddfellowship in America, Size, 22x28 inches. GROUP PICTURES. All the below in colors and, plain black. Size of sheet, 22x28 inches, The Harrison Family Group, in two colors. In one color, The above group picture is made from photographs kiodly presented us by one of the members of the family, thus securing a true likeness of each portrait. The Garfield Family Group in colors. In one color. Copyright, The Garfield Family Parlor Group in one color Copyrighted, The Grant Family Group in colors. In one color, Copyrighted* President Cleveland and Wife in one color. This is decidedly the finest picture of its kind i*» the marfce ing the President and his Wile in the Library lioomof the White with other appropriate surroundings. Washington Giwq» *t MftWt Verfton, after the bteic &mUy gfow» picture new •

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