The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on December 2, 1891 · Page 7
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, December 2, 1891
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Page 7
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r O ,'N A VV A U >J\ V fltom and Stock Yard. JA.ME9 WILSON, * Wliy"not"have a free "mail cieilVeJ7~*fn village and to every farm house? No frfofit in poor cattle, but the best • gtadejj pay. They are $1,00 better than • oaeyear ago. _ _ Some papers advise the repeal of tho railway statutes. We suggest to railway ttten to let well enough alone. Several countries can produce wool , "Cheaper than we can. No country can 'tdake fine mutton as cheap as we can. If the stockcra arc. sold to save tho 'Corn, then, the corn must be sold for lack i of stockors. Good farmers always feed. ' Prof. Shaw, of Canada, says the United States can keep 100,000,000 head o£ sheep. We have less than half that number— 43, 431, 13& __ C. Wood Davis is certain that supply '< 6k food is not keeping' pace with growth • of population, and blames speculators for keeping down prices, . The farm papers are full of feeding ! Stories. The necessity of mixing nitro- geneous matter with starchy matter Is the center of every article. Statute' laws and the want of them may sometimes figure in the well being of the farmer, but a thorough knowledge of his business has most effect. Steady growth for profit. Warmth j lor milk cows. Dry quarters for sheep. • Soft feed near "coming in time." Exer• else for colts. Tho scurf for a scavenger. Heavy or stylish colts for profit. The plan of buying feeders from lo• callties that breed feeders to sell will ( never enable the beef maker to reach : top prices. When the average farmer breeds his own feeders and has regard to the blood in the sire, then feeding will be' a more certain business. The winter in Iowa can not bo a long one. It is not wise to delay feeding af- • ter the pastures are exhausted. Keep up • the growth without a break, as this only : gives profit. Ilemember we have tho • cheapest feed found an}' where, all things considered. So feed in season. Jerry Rusk will shut out live stock from Great Britain and her colonies v.unless they let ours go there, and the •/country will back him in it. We will :not longer kill our steers at the British ports of entry. We have cleaned up • our herds, and John Bull must admit it and our stock or keep his at home. Gov. Hoard saj'S he ruined a Jersey > heifer by feeding her heavily on corn -when she was young. He destroyed her 'With grain, and her fecundity also. She ^wentdry and stopped breeding. The same • usage will have the same effect on any milk giving animal. You can even dry Up a milk cow by feeding too much corn. _ In this day of sheep enthusiasm, re" member you can profitably keep some •sheep, but the average farmer in the grass and corn belt needs the cow more 'than he needs any other animal. We ••could dispense with horse, sheep and hog altogether, rather than abandon the cow. Add the sheep, add the hog, but the cow v.Js the center of the farm system here. One. acre will keep a cow a year if one •cutting of peas and oats mixed is taken from it, under favorable circumstances of growth, but if the acre is cut repeatedly and heavily manured and irrigated, the capacity of tho acre can be so much •enlarged that he would be bold who -would set limits to it. An unsuspected power lies in an Iowa acre: If rain could be brought down at will, we would have a time of it. One farmer has cultivated properly and needs no tain, another has not and sends up a bomb. Down comes the rain and helps the one and floods the other. The hilltop farmer needs two showers a week, his neighbor on the bottom needs the Same amount in a month. Best let old •fashions prevail. _ * _ Scarcity of water has pushed mnny ac Imals to market. Iowa never saw the water level so low before. • Deep wells must be resorted to. No calculations can be made by the farmer without water. There is plenty of feed in the State, foflt many farmers have not gopd water arrangements. Year after year this h«s disarranged so many men's calculations ¥iat they have injured market prices for all _____ _ The prevalence of cholera, and its in fluencepn selling, keep down the hog this time of year. Packers take of heavy arrivals to be&r houses they favor better prlcea Ovet breeding helps the packer to make the money. When stock is arranged t6 the forth, and so balanced that ttt> otte |feKt* y predominates, we will have less rushing of cattle at one time and hogs at another. The East Is moving toward stopping tho coinage of silver. Boards of trade pass resolutions to that effect. Delegations call upon President Harrison urging him to recommend no more coinage of silver in his message. Is the country too prosperous? Is tho creditor not get" ting advantage enough? Tho silver dollars arc all in circulation. Gold comes hm; by every steamer. Good faith requires that the coinage of Silver continue. Pcopli! wonder why farmers vote as they do. Suppose it were practical for a million of us to call at the white house and say to President Harrison "don't mind Wall street. Keep hands off the silver question. The present law coins the product of American mines substantially, that was to bo a settlement." Our pork products will find their way to the continent of Europe notwithstanding the duties levied on them. When they aru dear in France the people thero who must have them must pay the duty. When they are beared clown low by the combines here tho foreign markets will give us some outlet. We think rcciproc- jty should operate to let our pork frco into Prance, or our laws should keep their haberdashery out. What's reciprocity for anyway, if it does not servo the hog? Tho new dairy building at Madison, Wis., will-cost $33,000. The new dairy building at Ames for tho same purpose will cost loss than half that sum, but will accommodate 100 students. It is difficult to keep paco with the Wisconsin people. Our State is waking up to tho necessity of farm • education, and when. Iowa sets out to do anything, she does it thoroughly. This is proved by the splendid public buildings she has erecfjcd for the unfortunate, the criminal, ^ and tlfe deserving classes. The cow should be fed soft food previous to "coming in" for reasons not often mentioned. The placenta comes away freely. If it docs not, a serious question arises. It is not dangerous work if attended to at once—in twelve hours, but if it remains until decomposition sets in,tho removal is very dangerous to .the operator. One veterinary surgeon we hear of has lost his arm; others refuse to risk such loss. The best preventive is soft feed for two weeks. A little oil meal bran, roots, boiled feed, and tho like, will make things all natural. Prof. Henry, of Wisconsin, told tha convention at Waverly that if 100 represents the digestable parts of a cornstalk TUB COW'S LIMIT. An elcmo.nt of heredity exists in the cow that we have seen referred to nowhere. Gov. Hottrd, lately at tho Wavorly convention,made a remark that induces us to spoak of it. He said "the cow has her limit, and when she is fed up to it with proper food she will do no moro." On its face this would seem logical, but wo can not agtec to it. Cows; differ from their breeding. Kcsponsivc, early maturing cattle will give us results from good feeding that others will not. Some cattle will assimilate more of a pound of food than others. The cow's limit is her power to manufacture. Her power to turn food into milk depends upon what her bree ling Is, whether she is come of responsive stock that have been generously fed through generations of sires and dams. Tho limit depends partly on this and partly on her own responsive powers, to beat the records of all her sires and dams, and in time boat her own also. The well bred steer, colt or hog grows quicker on good food and matures curliest. This we know. May there not bo a difference in response of the broods in milk giving? Tho Ames station fed three high grade Shorthorns and one grade Holsticn in trying whether feed would effect the quality of milk. The station succeeded. Repeated trials have been made at other stations with other broods and failed. The feeding Shorthorn is a responsive animal. Why is not the milking Shorthorn also? The limit Gov. Hoard sots comes from acquaintance with tho Jorsoy. Ho may bo right regarding that breed. Wo think this is well worMi. inquiring into. prices, and when they have filled their complete, sixty-throe parts will be found in the ear, and thirty-seven in the stalk, or in round numbers, easily remembered, tho ear represents two-thirds of the value of a corn field and tho stalk more than one-third. This is rather striking. Renters, young beginners, and farmers who have not capital generally, waste corn fodder, but it is doubtful if they know that tho customary landlord's share remains in tho fluid after husking. The landlord would not in many cases accept the stalks for the rent, and yet if he were in position to do io he might. This feature was left out of the discussion of the corn stalk before election. Iowa harvests 300,000,000 bushels of corn that is worth 875,000,000. One half as much more is not harvested at all. A queer people we are. C. Wood Davis tells us that our cheap farm lands are all taken up and population is growing faster than crops are increasing; prices of staple farm products must go up, and that we will import food soon. We agree to all the propositions but the last. Our soil has full capacity to meet the demands of increasing population. Every farm convention enlarges the capacity of the State to produce. Every student graduating from a well arranged course of study relating to the farm enlarges the output of staple crops. The discovery of every valuable plant is an auxiliary in the feeding angruments of our total food supply, Draining, soiling, siloing, irrigating and better culivating, all increase food, Iowa alone can feed half of our population, when fully farmed up to its limit now known to man. We will improve as prices go up, instead of importing. We do not look for food from abroad. Where would it come from? Tho European countries will look to new countries being brought under cultivation for food. We need not, und will not THE I^VW OK If ATTKNINti. The law of growth is• well established that younger animals assimilate moro from a given amount of food than older animals. This law operates when steady feeding from the start to finish prevails, but does it operate whero tho animal is grown up first, then fattuned? A pig fed regularly for eight months will grow more from each pound of feed in it's younger months. A calf will do tho samo. This establishes the law for early-maturing, steadily-fed animals. But suppose tha pig is merely developing bono and muscle for eight months, and the finishing process begins then, is it enacted into law anywhere, that the pig will not make as much gain from a pound of feed as one younger will?*'A very large per cent, of our hogs grow frame first, then they are fattened. Has anybody experimented with them? The fat stock reports show us only records of steadily fed animals. We all know that a lean animal fattens quickest. Has it been settled that it requires more feed to make a pound of gain than a younger animal? This is a vital question to all Iowa farmers. There is no dispute about an animal gaining more on a pound of grain in its younger months. This applies to steadily-fed early-maturing animals. Iowa does not feed many animals that way. Our stock is grown, then finished. How about assimilation in such cases? We have grown a young bull thin in flesh, four pounds a day, and a young colt about the same, that was poor. Every farmer knows how fast his thin hogs grow when taken oil the pasture. The amount of feed to gain in these cases is the question. Will the thin, dry frame absorb or digest or assimilate more from a given amount of food than a younger animal in better condition? of meats and the growing of wools. All this antocedcs dairy work, but Iowa suffers now, more for the want of cor- «fct systems of cropping than from correct ways of butter and cheese making. These short courses are prolonged farmers' Institutes. We have assurance from business men that they mean to attend and get the benefit of the lectures that apply to their affairs. The expense is nothing but for board, the attendance is hot required at all the lectures, nor for any length of time. When any particular subject is being discussed, any citizen will be welcome. Why can not the man just going Into sheep raising got pointers by attending when the sheep is undor discussion, or those interested In horses when the horse is being discussed, or the dairyman who thinks of making choose, when cheese is being made in the school, or why should the man who intends to plant an orchard not attend Prof. Budd's lectures? The farmer who has a tasto for doctoring a horse without much knowledge of his anatomy, would learn something about his course of study by attending the lectures of Dr. Stalker. Tho agricultural lectures at Amos both in the short and long courses should be attractive to any citizen interested in them. If a general attendance should become the order, the college would strengthen them still moro by inviting experts in different lines to lecture. Tho interest j of the citi/.ons generally can bo consorv- j ed without at all interfering with the i work of tho regular students. The col- j lego can keep a going a perpetual school j of instruction for all those classes who are interested. Some may stay an hour and hear one lecture, others may wait a day and get an idea of the whole field. Others may take the short course of ten weeks and get an outline of all the practical subjects taught, while young farmers who desire a well rounded education can take the four year's course, get all the sciences had in tho usual college course, and tho mathematics and literature accompanying, with a thorough application of all to the farm, by actual contact. The whole subject is new, and the necessities of the State and of the peoplo arc groat. The farm is a mystery, tho cow is a mystery, feeding is little understood, milk is a problem, the soil is a study, its maintenance, life, and its spoliation death. It is surely worth while for one college and one faculty in such a State as Iowa to try to place in reach of all ways and means of solving farm mysteries. Premiums for Every Subscriber OF THE REPUBLICAN. ELEGANT PORTRAITS FREE "Oh! how dreadfully yellow and greasy my fucu is getting." Say do you know this is all caused by a disordered liver, and that your skin can be changed from a dark grc.uay yellow to a transparent whito by the use of Beggs' Blood Purifier and Blood Maker? Every bottle guaranteed by F. W. Dingley. Avn Yon n Friend to the cause n£ protection, to American iutei 1 - eKts? Arc you willing to work for the cause of Protection in placing reliable information in the bunds of your uciimtlntiinccs? If you are such, !tmi should be, iik'iililk'd with the American PrtiU'Clivu Tariff League, No. 'a West 'xventy-TliJrd (Street, Xoxv York. Cut this no- out and si'ml it to the League,'stating your iiisitioii, and fiive u helping hand. THE MYSTERIES OF THE FARM. The short courses introduced into our agricultural colleges are so entirely new that their future is only to be guessed at. Prof. Henry in his anxiety to help the Wisconsin farmer, gives.prominence to tho dairy as the leading feature. He experiments as he goes along, in the presence of his pupils, who are'of all ages. His State gives him all the money he needs to help him in his work. No patriotic man can withhold admiration from such a State, and such men as are carrying agricultural education to tho front, fitting instruction as they go, to all ages and to all conditions. A •warm thought possesses- one—that they are all Americans:—our people. When they are struggling ; we have a countryman's privilege to cheer them on, when they succeed wo have a right to hurrah. Our short course and dairy school that is to begin work at Ames, December 1st, will try to f}t instruction to conditions. Iowa does pot differ greatly from Wisconsin. We will lay stress on the grow ing of crops, the origin, history and development of our domestic animals, the adaptibility of crops to our soil and climate, the breeding, feeding and rearing of animals, the production of milk and the feeding of the dairy cow, the making our Ask my agents for \V. - not for ' • Donglaa Shoe*. snlo In your plncp O.HK youi Staler to aenil foi- catalogue, securu thi iicy, ami get them for you. Car TAKE NO SUBSTITUTE. HIE BEST SHOE IN THE WORLD FOR THE MONEY? It Is n seamless shoe, with no tacks or wax thread fo hurt the feet; made of the best duo calf, Ft.vll.su mid cusy, and because tne make mure shoes t'f Hilx l/mde thaii <iny other manufacturer, It equals imud- sowed shoes costing from S-I.UO to $5.00. ffiiS 00 (.cnuiiie |{aiu!-MC\ve<l, tho nticst calf ypijii fihon ever offered for SS.lx); orjunls iriMieh Imported slide's wblcli cost from $S.l)ito 812.00. C5A *>(> llnuiUKiswed Welt Hlioc, llnu calf. nifva stylish, comfortable uud durable. J lit- iic-wc slioo over offered nt this prlew i same grade as cm;- (cim-::iu'!t! Nimt'.s costliif from $:i.U) to $!).!». ff'* <J' •>>> l'«»ljt't» H|KIO; Farmers, liailwad Mm «j>c>i/ iiiid l.otterC'arrieranll weartbein: llnuviiir, ReamU's.-', miuiotli Inside, heavy threo soles, extension cd/je. One pair will wear n year. t^t"J 50 flue t!iill'| no better shoe ever offered nt S't&u 111 la price; ono trial v.-JH t'Oiiviueo ihoso v lio want a EUOO for comfort and service. fi'ity '£& intil S>^.00 VVoi'ldiiirinnn'ri Khocs Si a** aro very strong and durable. Thoso who )i:ivo j.:lven them n trial will wear uo other nmko. f. l »«ijCS' 8'JS.OO und St.75 Bchpol shoes are v-'JUfVo worn by thuboys every where; they Bell ...i their merits, as tho Increasing sales show. ) -n^Sacx S3.00 lliiiiU-Hcwcil shoo, best. ii;'.'X\m I v9 Dougolii, very stylish; equalstreuoh ;:.:jjui-ted flhotiSCOStlliK from $ I.IK) to 80.1)0. I.u.lics' ti.SO, S'2.00 nnil *1.r5 shoo for M Uses aro the b«st fine Donuolu. Stylish and durable. CiuitJou.—See that W. L. Pouglas' name and "rluo aro Stwuped on the bottom of each shoe. ^ Vf, L, DOUGLAS, Brockton, Mass. F. S, Btough, Affeut DESCRIPTION OF THE PORTRAITS. WARRANTED WAGONS *? BUGGIES MANUFACTUREP f»Y :ijin If you wish the easiest riding, most durable and attractive Wagon or Bwggy made, <tsk ywr JDedcr to th you tfas« gwff, A written warranty fUf»'febed witb every one, Tiikfi BO «*fee/» Ypij may as weU fcate the It coats no wore than an inferior article, IF An elegant Crayon Lithograph picture FBEE-lo till subscribers of TlIE llEI'UHUCAN. To sill who pay all arrearages and one year in advance from the date of payment we will give any one of the Crayon Lithographs listed belOW VUEK AS A I'HEMIUJt. To all new subscribers who pay one year in advance from date of payment we will give any one of the Crayon Lithographs listed below FKKE AH A IMIKMIUTII. * LIFE-SISEJ) BUST PORTRAITS OF PROMINENT MBK. Crayon Lithographs, printed in one color, as fine as steel. Size of each, L'2x2S. U. S. GENERALS. Geo. Washington, Andrew Jackson, U. S. Grant, Winfield Scott, Henry W. Ilalleckf, Phil II. Sheridan, Frank P. Blair, Benjamin Harrison. Tluuleus KosciusKko, Jan Sobieski, (full figure.) Philip Kearney, Jas. A. Garlield, John A. Logan, P. J. Osterhaus, Ka'/cimiei'K Puhwsbi, John E. Wool, Geo. Stoneman, llussell A. Alger, Wai. T. Sherman, Geo. G. Meade, W. S. Hancock, IleinfczeJmau, W. B. Franklin, Admiral Farragut, Admiral Porter, CONFEDERATE GENERALS. J. C. Fremont, A. E. Burnsido, E. O. C. Ord, Commodore Foote. Robert E. Lee, Jas. Longstreet, G. T. Beauregtird,Ambrose P. Hill, J. E. Jomiston, llicbard S. Ewell. PROMISCUOUS. Abraham Lincoln.Groyer Cleveland, Jas. G. Blaine, Mary, Queen oi ! Scotts, W. E. Gladstone, Thomas Jefferson, L. P. Morton, Duke of Wellington, Fredericb L.Jabn,Gustave Adolph, Lafayette, John Brown, Fred Douglass, Win. Penn, Pizarro, Clias. S. Paruell, Mrs. F. C. Cleveland, Benjamin Franklin, Emperor Napoleon-1. Emperor Frederick II. Jefferson Davis, in 1864, Christopher Columbus, Jefferson Davis, in 1889, Fernando Cortex,, Dan O'Connell, Robert Emmett. F. II. E. Von Humbolclt, John Smith, La Salle, De Soto, Wm. Win dom, Geo. Bancroft, AdelinaPatti, Handel, Mo/art, Liszt, Wagner, Gounod, Verdi, Chopin, Shakespeare, Goethe, Daniel Webster, Clms. Dickens, Harriet B. Stowe. COMPOSERS. Bach, Haydn, Weber, Ilossini, Auber, Floto\v, Lortzing. Dr. Robert Koch, Jenny Lind, Gluck, Beetboven, Mendelssohn, Meyerbeer, Schubert, Schumann, POETS. Longfellow, W. C. Bryant, Schiller, John G. Wliitter, Thomas Moore, Scott, * Koerner. Oliver Goklsmith,Eobert Burns, Lessing, Byron, Uhland, Tennyson, GENERALS 017 THEIR WAR HORSES. Each General on a sheet 22x28 inches, One color, plain. Geo. Washington,U. S. Grant, Wm. T. Shermau.Philip II. Sheridan, Jas. A. Garfield, W. S. Bosecrans, G. A. Ouster, Robt. E. Lee, N. B. Forrest, Geo. II. Tbomas, Geo. B. Meade, Ambrose E. Burnside, P. J. Osterhaus, Jas. B. McPherson, John Morgan, Jas. E. B. Stuart, John A- Logan, Joseph Hooker, Benj. Harrison. Franz Sigel, Winfield S. Hancock, Geo, B. McClellan, T. J. Jackson, G. T. Beauregard. MISCELLANEOUS PICT.UEES. The Presidents of the United Stotes from 1789 to 1889. In one color. Copyrighted. On sbeet 22x28 inches. Our patrons will please notice that this is the most important and historical group of its kind ever published, as it now, of course, for the flrst time, embraces an exact period of one hundred years. Centennial Inaugurtion. Size 22x28 . . This picture is intended as a Souvenir of the Inauguration of the Presidency of the United States, 1789 to 1889. The Commanders-in-Chief, G. A. R., executed in fine steel tint. Copyrighted. Size, 22x28. The Knights of Labor Group Picture. This is the only true and authentic Knights of Labor picture extant. The Irish Members Group Copyrighted. Size, 22x28. The above picture shows the interior view of the House of Parliament, and a correct portrait of each member in his seat. President Harrison and His Cabinet. Size, 22x28. Each bust portrait in this group is nearly half-life size. The Great Conemaugh Valley : Disaster. Size, 28x42 inches. In one color. This is the only true and realistic picture yet published showing the horrible destruction of Johnston, Pa., by blood and fire, with other graphic scenes—the most disastrous flood of this age. Family Record. In one color. Copyrighted. Size, 19x24. This forms a very pleasing and beautiful picture when framed, anq contains space for photographs of parents and ten children. No family should be without it. The Great Louisville, Ky., Cyclone, Tornado and Fire- Size, 28x42. Family Record. For colored people. Size, 19x24. This is the first and only picture of its kind in the market. It con' tains spaces for photographs of parents and ten children. Three Mottoes—Faith, Hope and Charity Size of each 12x26 inches. America's Greatest Patriots. Size, 22x88 inches. The Founders (I. O. O. F,) of Oddfellowshlp in America, Size, 22x28 inches. , TH A TUT TT if ntU n TTT* • T*i P^PII T* TB1** All the below in colors and plain black. Size of sheet, 22x28 }Q«Ue9, The Harrison Family CFrbup, in two colors. In one color. The above group picture is made from photographs kindly presented us by one of the members of the family, thus securing a true likeness of each portrait. The Garfield Family Group in colors. In on,e color. Copyrighted. The Garfield Family Parlor (irpup in one color Copyright^, The Grant Family Group in colors. In one color. Copyrighted. PreBideal; Cleveland and Will! in one color. This, is decidedly the finest picture of its kind in tfc« market, ing tie President and hia Wife la the Library RoowoJ ttw Wbtu • other ippropriate Burrojindiuga. \VashingtonGroupatlfountVwuoo. ~* gClftt! .t^J

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