The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on November 18, 1891 · Page 6
Get access to this page with a Free Trial
Click to view larger version

The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 6

Publication:
Location:
Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, November 18, 1891
Page:
Page 6
Cancel
Start Free Trial

Page 6 article text (OCR)

Farm and Stock Yard. JA.MES WILSON, Enrro». oil Ate our most convenient things to the corn ration wltlu post drouth h&9 injured many Plants arc killed and weaken- Sow mote seed— sow plenty of It. There is perhaps no way to soil feed so Ugh as In rearing eatly lambs, but foro- prepare for them and caro they come must go Avith it, Hog cholera is turning many farmers to fthecp. Good scheme, but go slow i\t ;Jh*i. There are things to leurn about sheep that a email ttock will teach, Feeders of cattle will miss the usual df»ll growth of grass in many sections of Iowa. The summer scarcity of food needs our attention quite as much as tho Winter necessity. _ We know farmers who always feed • Cattle. They very seldom feed without fait profit It is business for tho farmer ti> raise steers and feed them too In It is remarkable not to feed. Hoard's Dairyman accounts for tho do- crease in tho flow of milk from the un- derfed condition of cows last winter, That is a good reason, but a more immo- dlato one is the drying up ot tho pas- tufas this fall. Keep feeding steers on grass as long as ~ there is any to get. Gradually bring them to 'full feed, and the cheapest food- ing of tho fattening period will bo done this way. There is also less danger of over-feeding and consequent indigestion Oil meal may be fed in small amounts • to any animal with benefit, but it is so nourishing that if fed heavily nothing c&n succeed it and keep up the growth or fattening processes, consequently it should only be fed heavily at the fattening period. _ ' The analysis of Iowa beets gives all as• nuance of sufficient quality. The question of cost of labor is all that intervenes between us and home-made sugar. Our farmers will very quickly apply horse .and machinery to the seeding, cultivating and harvesting. _ A little oil meal will fetch scrawny calves out of the kinks. Begin with half a pound a day and increase up to a pound or two. For larger animals with five or six times as much corn. There is aio excuse for poverty of any kind in man or beast in Iowa, unless some mishap has intervened. The plnnfA Mint naturally, mixture with others, mako tho most complete rations are the plants that Iowa farmers are now giving attention to. Clover atnonff the different hays is the most perfect of those we are familiar with in our system of cultivation. Peas deserve attention. They are rich in what corn and most of our hays 'are deficient. Oats and barley arc so well known as well balanced single fccxls .that demand for them for various purposes keeps the prices for them so high, oftert, .that, they arc, dear feeds. The people in the dry latitudes of tho West find alfalfa a very well balanced single plant, and suited to their latitudes. The Canadians north ol the corn lino grow peas, and find them very valuable. The British farmer buys our oil cake, grows beans and buys othef feeds, always with a viow to toning up his turnlptj, oat straw and hay. Eastern farmers buy oil meal, cotton seed meal and bran. These albuminous feeds mako valuable manure, as much passes to tho manure heap of all foods. » Our corn is not sought after by foreigners as much as our oil cake, cotton seed meat and oth,er albuminous feeds, becnuso corn docs not mivko as valuable a grain to balance up what is easily grown overy whore. TTie plants containing starch are grown more cheaply than plants containing tho greatest por cents, ot albumen. The ilax plant most sought uftcr in this regard Is Bovero on land. The lugutninouM plants namver the Hituiu purpose as flax, oats and barley, and feed tho land instead of depleting It. When wo set out to grow plants on our farms to balance up the corn crop «ud make it do its best work .in the feed yard and stable, we can with profit consider tho legumes thut enrich tho land assagalnst ilax, whuut; barley, oats and other plants that must bo fod. fillfl five MM.'ill Mfriin" ;i r(|ii:tl tr row, or ch.'vcn hundirfl pounds rqxinl to ten hundred of-shtep, or thing in thut neighborhood. ; of row some- The three million acres of root crop of •Great Britain amount perhaps to sixty million tons. Iowa grows three hundred million bushels of corn or five bushels ot •corn to each ton of roots. A ton of roots has 300 pounds of dry matter. 5 bushels of corn has 400 pounds! ' The Iowa corn crop is equal in feeding power to twice that of the total British root •crop, the fodder not estimated. There is much injudicious feeding, A very .large per cent, of what is fed is not assimilated. Current opinion is to the effect that cooking food doss not pay— that it is not so digestible, and that raw grain is in better condition for animals than cooked grain. "We simply do not believe it, because we have not iinplicit faith in the practical experience of the feeders. How to feed is an art. There is a field here not explore;!, but will be in the near future. . Animals manufacture fat from the oil 'meal after all the oil is taken out, and from the starch in corn they manufacture fat. The fat that chemists find in plants is not the measure ot fat the animal makes from them. So wa. feed oil meal to the cow as raw material, from which she manufactures fat and corn to the hog as raw material, from which he makes fat. It is found by long practice that wh-*n the albuminous matter is fed with carbonaceous the animal makes more and assimilates move of both. Hence we bal- amHMlie airnVith oil meal with the oil out. The stalk fields will soon be killing cattl« again, and microbe doctors will be discovering new diseases. Old settled districts are rarely troubled this way. We are confident that the loss of cattle is caused by impaction of the stomach, of the manifold. It may be brought about by dqr feed for a considerable ti me bo- fore the animals are turned into the stalks. Plenty of soft feed b«for« going into the stalks and plenty of water after going in, and care in getting etoWt accustomed gradually to the new feed has exempted our herds for the last quarter of a century from all harm. No doubt a diseased condition can be 'ferot&bt about by long or sudden feeding ol too much 4ry matter. The meetings of industrial associations in Iowa aro going beyond all others. More prominent men met at Waverly, November 10 to 12, than have como together in any part of tho State for any other purpose during tho year. Different nations and States were rep- rosented. Milk was discussed from every standpoint, from the cow and her keeping to tho ultimate destination of its product, by gentlemen who could not be aggregated for any othar purpose. There aro many sides to the milk subject. The Ames college sent Patrick to discuss chemical analysis and Pummel to lecture on Bacteriology. Wisconsin sent Gov. Hoard and Prof. Hoary. Great Britain furnished Adams, its foremost instructor in milk. Tupper and Sherman discussed the dairy interests of tho State rtnd the West. Dr. Wallace spoke of the daily as it presents itself to a great journalist. Bennett and Gabrilson brought the experience of active dairymen, and a host of other Iowa men entertained the .convention on'varic-u^.pn ase ? of tlie great interest. No political meeting in tho State has brought together so many able men in a very exciting canvass, oven. It promises well for the State when one department of the fiwin commands the attention of so many bright men. WINTJSBING SJIISKI*. In wintering sheep in the corn growing districts great care must be taken to avoid feeding too much. Sheep frill winter well on good clover hay un« a very little roots of any kind. T^ard lambing a little bran instead <j' roots should bo given. While the sheep can run out to blue grass they need frothing elso. The condition of u sheep is not so evident to thosu who are not familiar with th«m us the condition'of other animals. Tho wool covers up poverty. The experienced herdsmen can tell by looking at the wool whether the sheep is thriving. Thrift is all that is necessary. The sheep are likely to go into winter quarters fat if tluiy have had plenty of grass during the fall months. It they havo had the run of the stalk fields care should be taken to avoid too sudden change to rations without grain for breeding ewes. Toward lambing ewes become weak if their wintering has beon too poor. Avoid too warm quarters. They are provided with warm fleeces and can stand a great deal ot dry cold. Snow storms fill up their wool. That is bad for them, as the heat of their bodies gradually thaws the snow and keeps them wet. The sheep should uever be wet if it can be avoided. Have plenty of ventilation if you keep them in a barn. Deep sheds whore the snow will not drift, with open doors to the south, aro ample protection. The fewer sheep kept together the better they will do. The large mutton breeds will not do so well in large flocks as the smaller breeds. In estimating the amount of feed for sheep consider five sheep equal to a cow—that is, five MEAT AND I>AtBY LATITUDES. In reading discussions of the question whether we should make meats or dairy products in tho Iowa grass and corn belt, it will be edifying to consider what otit neighbors must do before we make an option, as'we can equally well do'either. North of Iowa the people will turn to tho. dairy, because they can do that more profitably than make beef, and they will Boll young stock rather than feed them, because they will find demand in the cow stable for all the grains they, can grow and more too. Iowa corn goes north into-the dairy districts of the north now, and there is a movement south ot thin stock toward the corn fields of Iowa. The, bulk ot the best meats of the nation will always be inn.de In the grass and corn belt, because they can be made there cheapest. The most of the young horses to supply the Kast, and in fact al! other sections that use fine horses of sixt 1 , will also be reared where corn, grass and hay are cheapest. The mutton sheep and the wool that grows on him will also go to supply commerce from this same section, and the eggs and poultry to supply the trade will be sought and found in the same region. We need not hesitate, to conclude that here also will be procmeod immense quantities of butter and cheese, but in considering those great staples, and in the production of which we are most likely to ha-ve '.ho sharpwt sompetltlon, It is very evident that it will be In the dairy direction. Tho northern people are doing what they can do most profitably In dairying. They can not mako first rate meats, horses, mutton shoop, wool and, poultry as cheap an wo can, because grain la the .basis of nil those. The northern latitudes will yrow cow feed that will mako dairy products to better advantage than steer feed that will make beef. They aro wise in turning to tho dairy, tho small cow und all that pertains to the make-up of their philosophy. People, however, ihould look at tho isothermal lines on tho map, and noto where corn ripens regularly, and where the region of oats, timothy hay, and white rabbits begin. Wo can farm in meat directions, and mako dairying incidental. They can do very little In the meat linos, because they buy corn from us now to feed their sows. Tho people will always want meats, ancl buy in the ratio of their ability to pay for them. Our first aim should be to supply this demand. Let tho dairy bo attended to, but not to the sxclusion of the meat interest except' whore families have more help than capital. We can make ruinous competition against any people on earth in the meats, horse, mutton, wool and poultry directions. We can not monopolize the dairy business, if we turned exclusively to jlj, because the north men 'must keep cows, ind make butter and cheese. the fact thdt, ours do is very strong f-vl- dffnce that they are not pressed to do better. He this as it may, this clajs of sellers, ancl this class of buyers *nd feeders are only found in large numbers among cheap corn on cheap land, and wide margins in all relations ot life. Tho sharp upturn in values of land and In the price of corn compels more close economy. These conditions are here, ot coming hero, very fast. One can hardly imagine the owner of $40 an acre land selling his corn to a neighbor to feed, or his cattle off his pastures. The old methods may not pay as they did, and still th<? thin stones this fall favor the buyer— throe cnnts, and a lit tie bettor for better grades by most of the feeders. The com is away up, compared with man}' past years, but this will deter.- many from feeding, and the foreign demand is very heavy, as well as the home demand, for Well fed beef. Nobody can predict bc«l' prices, because the packers control the product to such an extent that with cold storage product laid in, in panicky times, ancl ability to boar prices all over the land, they moderate in beef affairs so as to get what profits are going. That beef prices will be good is pretty near certain. The demand is great and growing. The monopoly in Chicago has grown so groat that general attention is being called to it and the public chafes under the exactions. Aside from probable prices, however, the tendency is, as progress and high prices invade our State more and more that tho steer will be fod where he grows, and his feeding will give lessons to his feeders in practical agriculture. No farmer should waste a moment in deciding whether to feed his corn, as long as he sees other people feeding, nor should he hesitate about finish- ing'his steers before selling them as long as ho knows that other people will buy them. ' Tho most profit comes from feeding the smallest bunches, ancl we suggest to every Iowa farmer with corn to sell who has no experience in feeding to set about getting experience with a small bunch, carefully keeping account of the feed consumed ancl the v/oight gained. Feed, after a month's time, all the corn and oats or oil meal the steers want in such proportions as they do best on, with the oil meal and corn. Steers differ in this. Try one pound of oil meal to four of corn. '•{J I & L. I i « A Farm and Stock Paper FREE To Every Subscriber of THE REPUBLICAN! We »re pleased to announce that we have made arrangements with the publishers of The Western Plowman whereby we can give that excellent Stock, Farm nntl Household Journ al FREE to every subscriber of THE HKPOTMCAE upon conditions named below, The arrangement is For a Limited Time Only! And will be offered by no other paper in Eossuth county. o nil who pay nil arrearages and one year in advance fromt.he daie~ol payment we will give The Western Plowman Free lor one year. o all new subscribers who pay one ypar in advance from dale of payment we will give Tho Western Plowman 'Free for one year. o all whose subscription is paid a part of (he year in tidviince wlio will pay enough to make it a whole year in advance, will give Tho Western Plowman Free for one year. WHAT is the WESTERN PLOWMAN? The Western Plowman is a 90 column Stock and Barm paper and is chuck full of practical, valuable in formation for .he farmer and stock raiser. Come in and subscribe new; pet your friends t.o come with you and get the best paper pubHshcd'in Kossuth county and an excellent farm paper with it. .A.T O3STOE5. BJKEF MAKING. ' : Beef making has moved along.the continent after cheap corn. The bulk of the beef made in the country is still done in tho old wry with corn from eighteen to thirty cents a bushel, and with cattle ranging from tho unimproved steer to the thoroughbred. As lands have risen' in value farther east, farmers who con; tinned to make beet havo been compelled to improve their stock and their methods. The high selling cattle are mostly bred and fed on high priced lands, with high- or priced feed than the lands and feeds that furnish the common product. Wh'ore the feeder owned land risinc in price, and would not improve his tattle, he has turned to the dairy 'or something else, as low priced products would not give him suftlcjent returns. Some of the best beef is made profitably -oh dear land and comparatively dear feed by more economy in feeding, by handling fewer steers grown on the farm, by more careful and judicious feeding, by using oil, meal or a little flax meal or oats, by thoroughly finishing well bred, early maturing cattle. This is the way European rent- paying farmers feed for beef in conjunction with dairying on the same farm, and find both profitable. But the bulk of our beef is still made in the old fashion ed way. Enterprising men fix for the work by getting plenty of shed room, hay and water, and arranging cre'dit with the bank. Then they buy up the steers wherever they cnn find them from farmers who should feed them, and who lose one of their principal opportunities by selling thin steers. The cattle are fed in troughs out doors all they will cat. Hogs enough are turned in to save what is wasted. Corn is bought from another get of farmers,who lose their opportunity by not feeding themselves. One year taken with another, this svstetn i We -would will arreniinn to me fact tliat. we ;iie located liurij puniiHneiitly, for the manufacture :Vi.<l sale of '(.MMiiftery worU in Marble. tiriiniie and Stone. \V« now have and intend to keel) in stocU u talr line of llnfslied Monuments. Headstones, etc-., and will -guarantee all work to do e<|ii;il to the hest. We are the nlv imiinil'actmw.s of cemetery work in Kos- litii Co. Therefore .please Kive us a call before lacing your order and be convinced that by riir and honorable di-aliim, we ar« worthy your ALGONA MARBLE WORKS, SHELLEY & HALL, Proprietors, East State St., Alfjoua, Iowa. Ank my intents for W. Ii. Douglas Shoc(> i' not for Bale in your place auk yom • •aler to send for cntalogiiUt secure the policy, ami get them for you. C3T TAKE NO SUBSTITUTE. _fl3 a Una GENTLEMEN .HE BEST SHOE IN THE WOHLD FOR THE MONEY? It U a BeaniloBs shoo, with uu tacks or wax thread to hurt tUo feet; made ot the best tine culf, stylteh and easy, ami because we make wore altueti of tab {trade than anif other manti/acfurer, It ecjuuls uuuil- smvcd shoes coating from 8-l.UO to 8.1.00. S ffS 00 <;<Mitiiut) Ilaml-Hcweit, tho fluent calf aJJa shoo over offered for S5.UD; equals rwuvli Imported Rimes which cost f rom $8.01 to $I2.UO. <*>>fl 00 Hiinil-Sctwcd Well Kline, flue c:i!f, «3» a (?« Rtyltali, comfortable and durable. Inebe-M ilioo ever offered at this price; same grade us custom-made Hhoes costing from $U.(IU to 8'J.OU. C"2> SO Police tihotti Farmers, Kallroad ;fcu C'<u*a und I/etU'rCnrrliTflall weartbem; llmuMiU', rt'<i:uUws, smooth luslde, heavy three wiles, i xluu- rilon edge. One pair will wcur ayear. (•"•fift SO fine onifi no better ulioeewoffcj-w! fit .y}i2a» this price j one trial will convince thono who want a shoo for comfort r.ud service. tT!«S !i3 ami (S'-J.OO WorJciiiuinBn'H slioe« •V«a» are very strouy aud tliirable. Those who 'KIVO Klvcn them a trial will wear no other make. r^rtWe' *i«00 und 81.7.1 nehpol Bhoca nro i.*3*Jw 9 woru by tho boys everywhere; they «;11 •ri their merits, us the Increasing sales show. <'• "ZfQitkG 83.00 Haiid-Hcwcd Bhoe. best (•«CJ W ICO DoiiKolu, very htyliBli; equalaFreiich ; 1.1 'jorted shoes costing from 84.IH) to 86.1)0. r.ndit-B' a.50, 82.00 Hisses ore the best flue Congo.,,. —, Caution.—See that W. L. Douglas* name aud '>^™*~^ffiS$^J&^^ F. S. Stough, Asrent AUBURN, NEW YORK. 1st—The utmost care that is given in selecting and buying none but. the best of materials. 2d—The best of workmanship in all their branches. 3d—By the combination and practical use of the most important improvements made. In this manner we effect the most obtainable result in regard to quality and durability. Our instruments have a rich volume of tone, pure and of long sustaining, singing quality. Our cases are double veneered inside and outside, 'thus avoiding the checking aud warping. Our key-bottoms are framed together like a door, and therefore bound to keep straight. Our patent music rack is the plainest and yet most serviceable in existence Our patent fall board is a novelty and of the most practical usefulness. The patent repeating action is highly appreciated by expert players, as well as by scholars. The patent tuning-pin fastening, only used in our pianos, is the most important improvement ever invented; the tuning pin being inserted only in the full iron frame thus lessening the liability of stretching and loosing of the springs, so commonly found in pianos with wooden wrest planks. We challenge the world that our piano will stand longer in tune than any other made in the ordinary v ay. Special prices to introduce these pianos where we have no agent. Good agents wanted. Direct all correspondence to J. LISTER, Box 88, GLIDDEN, IOWA, Supt. of Iowa agencies. . t I. . nuil 81.75 shoo for ola. Stylish and durable. WARRANTED WAGONS «? BUGGIES MANUFACTURED A COLLEGE EDUCATION ?BEE My young friend, do you want an education? r | We will give away two grand educational^! prizes between now and the holidays. One" is a full scholarship, in any single course in any college, academy or seminary of your own selec* 1 tion in the west. The other is a full scholarship " in any western commercial school, Either of these prizes is within your reach without ^~ investment of a dollar. Do YOU WANT IT? If so, do not wait a minute to write v is the chance of your lifetime to secure cducc^cn. WESTERN fLOWTOl If you wish the easiest riding, most durable and attractive Wagon or Buggy made, as& your Dealer to show foit these gMOh, 4 written warranty famished with every one. Tsfce no other. Yoi? may es well have the JffJSSF. It wets »o more than an inferior article, PENT IF ^QMESTSO, XQW4. Get your Printed at the Republican Offiot 1 W* do §» kindi of Job Wort »n<J wS you

Get full access with a Free Trial

Start Free Trial

What members have found on this page