The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on November 11, 1891 · Page 7
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, November 11, 1891
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Page 7
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THK KKIMIISUCAN : ALUONA. J'AV Harm and Stock Yard. JAMES WILSON, Do not hurry the heifers to market until the ranch people quit shipping. The best wool grows on top of the • fllftmlders of the sheep. Examine all parts for an average. It Is reported that our hog has now le.ave to go to Rome, Italy having abolished the prohibition oC him, A fine fall to fatten hogs. Feed a lit- •tle oats or barley or oil meal with the •corn, If clover 5s not abundant. Good butter and cheese makers get big wages. How many Iowa men and boys want to study the business for ten weeks at Amos this fall? Two-thirds of the butter made in Iowa sells at a clis- -count. Tho experiments of tho Iowa station are flatly contradicting some oC the work • done In cattle feeding heretofore, and the experimenters are getting ill-natured. We will repeat and confirm conclusions, and let them do the talking. The institutes and different farmers' meetings will soon meet to discuss questions pertaining to the farm. We suggest a standing question—"the pasture." There is far more in this than in any other subject that will be talked about. We are entirely unable to understand .all this talk about keeping boys on the farm. We have to exercise our wits to get ours off the farm long enough to get •some schooling in the higher branches of -education. Don't lean so heavy on the grindstone when the boy turns the crank. Much IK said about getting rid of cows •that do not pay. The proposition is correct enough, but the fact behind this ia very patent that few cows comparatively are fed enough of succulent feed. First feed your cow, then if she does not respond sell her for beef. Prof. Budcl lets pursley grow in tho fall in his orchards to conserve nitrogen -and furnish a mulch. Several writers 'advocate rye or some other fall crop to -serve these purposes. It may be said •that any crop grown to be plowed under before it seeds docs good. The starving of animals effects their •progeny. We can make scrubs in a few •generations, or by good keeping wo can faring about early maturity. Heredity is a universal law. We are what all our parents and grandparents make us, modified by our own conduct. It is the same with the lower animals. Commissioner Tupper tells the people that two-thirds of Iowa butter is not gilt-edged. If we had some one of equal force to tell them that ninctoen-twen- tieths of their pastures are away below sufficiency ho would be the man for the times. A million cows would say so, if they could speak our language. "Compounding rations"occupies much space in eastern farm papers. Eastern and northern farmers must buy, and it Is well for them to buy exactly what pays best. We should have regard to feeding grains together, HS much as practical that will balance one another, but we must feed what we grow. We can not buy very much, and can not feed on the same basis as eastern and western men. Our corn needs some oil meal, but a little will improve it. Prices decide how much. Hon. E. Willits, assistant secretary of agriculture, tells the world that invention does not help the farmer much—or words to that effect. We hurclly catch his meaning. The harvesting, haying, plowing, ditching, sowing, planting, cultivating and other machines have enabled one farmer in most of these directions to do the work half a do/.en men dlJ in old timea. Otherwise the American farmer could not send grains, meats, fiber, dairy products and the like to the ends of the earth as he does. We have ft batch of letters and printed matter sent us for our enlightenment favoring the raising of all taxes on land. We are asked to use our pen in furtherance of getting all taxes taken off all other things nnd put on land. It is hoped that we will give this theorv a lift. W« think that theory is going into practice quite fast enough. The land pays most of the taxes now. Wo would rather lean the other way a trifle. We are unable to see why capital Invested in other business should not pay Its sham of the taxes. We can not see the justice in exempting the money loaned to thr: fnnr.cr From taxation. We think (he capital invested in commerce and manufactures and mining should pay its share of taxes. The proposal is land confiscation for tiio use of those who do not own land. Tho efforts of one man's lifetime are in a ten thousand dollar farm, of another In a ten thousand dollar bank, factory, store or railway. Why exempt the one and tax the other? No, thank you. We are opposed to stealing. Mr. Oabrilson keeps no hogs. He keeps sheep, and finds good profit in the substitution. Tho ahocp use up skim milk and house slops. Ho does not need hogs to eat surplus corn, because his milk cows and fattening sheep use all the corn he cares to grow. Ho might plow more land to raise more corn to feed a lot of hogs, but tho cow and the ewe make him plenty of money. This | is an extreme case, but it illustrates a valuable theory of farm management. We need not work so hard to grow corn to live well. Animal husbandry pays better. We predict farm grows steadily sheep need no corn in It Is becoming evident that they wfll enlarge the small breeds very fast. Jersey bulls weighing 1,500 pounds and Jersey cows weighing 1,200 are now common where that breed has been kept for several generations on fine Iowa pastures, and fed liberally In winter on generous Iowa keeping. Animals are tho ^result of their pastures, or as Dr. Wallace puta it, of their environments. Bare pastures will reduce the large breeds, and fine pastures will enlarge the small breeds of all kinds of animals. Our winter feeding is very different from winter feeding abroad. There, roots grow in perfection, and thero labor is cheap to hand-weed and thin the root crops. Turnips are the universal feed in winter for cattle and sheep, and carrots are generally fed to horses. Turnips can not be grown so cheaply here, nor are the}' so sure a crop in our dry climate, if we had cheap labor to work among them in the field. We can grow mangels, and many good feeders do grow them. We can grow carrots, as they arc deep rooting, and if sown early good crops can bo had. This year it is being demonstrated that we can grow the sugar beet, and if it pays to make sugar of it, we will have a juicy element to feed to valuable breeding animals. The farmer handling the common stock of the country will not turn aside from the production of corn, oats and hay. It a question worthy the consideration of that Gabrilson's in richness. Ilia winter. A little roots with clover hay is nil they need. His grain goes to make milk. As tho farm increases in value the pastures are better, and less grain is needed. His The day KA1MS FOB SHEEP. The proper feeds that will help to sustain, grow and fatten sheep are being considered widely by our farm writers. Rape is spoken of as worthy careful consideration. Tho information concerning it comes from the college CarmatGuelph, Canada. Ktipe is a rapid growing plant like a cabbage that runs to leaves instead of making a head. A crop of rye can be taken off, the land plowed and rape grown for fall feeding on ground, without any harvesting, sheep are turned in during the and turned out during the night. It fattens them very rapidly. To what extent it will pay Iowa sheep farmers lo grow rape or other soft vegetables for sheep, time must tell. The Canadians must grow something of this kind, bo- cause they can not grow corn as we can. It may be found that when we farm more extensively, and make more out of a few acres, that the two crops of rye and rape will bo attractive farming to many owners of small farms.- The rye would 6.11'orcl late and oarly pasture and a crop, and the rups would be fliv? feed where grass fails in Octobar. Whatever will make good feed during those seasons will have consideration soon by progressive farmers. One little drawback must be considered. The sheep on this feed do take colic to some cxtunt, and once in a while one will die. those who are getting high priced sheep whether it would not be wise to feed roots of some kind moderately to the breeding 1 ewes, and it would pay breeders of all valuable animals to.look into this, and feed something of this nature to pregnant animals. There is no question whatever about the value of roots from a sanitary standpoint. We like fruit and vegetables ourselves, and they ure good for us. The potato crop is good and will be cheap. This is good for animals, and will fatten stock when boiled. If it were well settled that roots are of great benefit to valuable breeding animals, we would soon devise means of growing them with very little hand work. We think a ration of roots fed three times a week would bring tho mare to her colt- ing in better condition than a steady diet of corn or oats and coarse fodders. We write this for consideration of breeders who lose heavily every spring. No farm - ers anywhere we read of winter breeding animals just as we do, and we think none lose colts, calves and lambs so much, particularly lambs and colts. Deterioration has gone on rapidly in many imported breeds that arc subjected to the common corn and hay wintering, so regular with us. We have no doubt but that root feeding of the breeders would arrest it. We have noted the good effects of occasional rations of potatoes raw, on young calves designed fo'r breeders. We do not suggest roots for animals designed for the shambles. It is claimed that ensilage will take the place of roots in this respect, and we incline to that belief provided the ensilage; is perfectly made, and has only taken the first step toward digestion, but when it has gone farther and taken on souring, it is positively bad for breeding animals. Is certain. We know It by personal experience. We vety seldom feed corn to any animal alonu. In winter eastern farmers use oil meal partly on account of its value in the manure heap. That Bhould have Influence with UB. A STRING OF QUERIES. ONSI.OW, September 2B.—In what manner are now kinds of corn and oats obtained? About how many varieties of corn arc there in existence now? Does the depth of the kernel of corn have, ituything to do with the lateness of gcttini; ripi ? Is there any truth in the idea that timothy smi plowed early in the fall makt•« tho next year's crop exempt from cut worms'.' What is (hu best wny to Rot rid of em worms when in corn? Is there any kno.- i way by which wheat can he kiipt rYe.c i !•<»•<< cliint/. l.ugs? How loiiw Diifjht ho|*s iin'.. are very tnin 1)<! fed l<otwe b.iinjj l»u». ">' full feed? Would rudder \villi corn (». stalk i»;ilf<! gixiil fi'Otl lo tfive t,o Mee;-;( a first 1'eedin'j; or would hay s'.iid eon 1 ':• terV " A ;-'A'KMI.:K Uv;.\i< If we wanted :i new kind of would sl'.i iy the soil sin .1 gel tlii! larg'.'St po-:sil)!f! could bi! rip-siiud. 'L'h'v.i v prove it by scieclio'i a:i-l tion, just a 1 ) animals hav--. 1 ed. (2.) Ours is iu>l a (Ir mate. Tho legal w\:i:;-hl. pound--, be.causa that is weight we can grow viicm. was cool during July and o:iU irivw ter than usual, Some oats ^ivr.vti brought from foivign countri-.n cvi.:i 42 pounds to the bushel when liiey c increased t;> U py.uul;;. !!ul i.V.is N usual. \Vo doubt if an Iowa nut <M:I developed equal to what can b» i;:i. ed. Our best crops nre growy* from brought from cooler climates. We not guess how nv.iny varieties o!' o',-i; thcro arc in existenc.:. Finn crop; .•;.••• grown on tho Danube and in other i'<ir eign countries where vuriiili-js no iloubl arc multiplied. Timothy sol plow i early and plowed again or harrowed g it; rid of many of the grubs of tlv> cut worm?. That it will bo entirely exempt s not so certain. We know of no way to get rid of cut worms after they attack the corn. Birds kill them and squirrels eat them. Skunks also like them, but all these destroyers are very scarce where poisoned corn is scattered to kill the squirrels. Rotation of crops is the only •way to keep down chintz bugs or other insect pests. Remove the wheat to other fields. Hogs should be put on full feed gradually over a month. Corn on stalks Premiums for Every Subscriber OF THE REPUBLICAN. ELEGANT PORTRAITS FREE DESCRIPTION OF THE PORTRAITS. An ck-giint Crayon Lithograph picture FllEE to all subscribers of THK To all who pay all arrearages and one year in advance from the date of payment we will give tiny one of the Crayon Lithographs listed below KJiKIi AH A PIUUIIUM. To all new subscribers \vlio pay one year in advance from date of payment we will give any one of the Crayon Lithographs listed below VUKK AS A 1MU5MIU3I. LIFE-SIZED BUST PORTRAITS OF PROMINENT MEN. Crayon Lithographs, printed in one color, as flue as steel. Size of each, 22x128 . U. S. GENERALS. Goo. Washington, Andrew Jackson, U. S. Grant, Jas. A. Garfiekl, Win field Scott. Henry W. Halleck, John A. Logan, Phil II. Sheridan, Frank P. Blair, P. J. Osterliaus, Benjamin Harrison. Thadeus Koseiuszko, Ka/Jmierz Puhuvski, Jan Sobieski, (full figure.) John E. Wool, Geo. Stonenmn, Philip Kearney, Bussell A. Alger, Wm. T. Sherman, J. C. Fremont, Is excellent to begin feeding steers with as they eat the husk and digest easier. (QUESTIONS ANSWERED. Tho Farmers' Review speaks of the "rustic labor and foolishness" known as "road-making." There has been a great •change of late in Iowa, in this regard. The road graders shape the highways and a larger per cent, of the road tax is required in money. Tho townships havo have also been laid out in larger districts, giving more scope to road plows. Iowa has not stone or gravel to make roads, but when they are properly under-drained and rounded to shed off the water we bave the best roads, taken all in all, of any country we ever saw except when frosts are just coming out. We bear much of the fine roads in Europe, hut they are only main thoroughfares. The country roads abroad are very indifferent. WINTERING IJRRBOEBS. As the Iowa farmer turns to biok.s to learn what good farmers have done before him, in this and other countries, ho finds that the development of our domestic animals that come from the best breeders in foreign countries have been fed in a very different manner from what is customary in any part of the United States. The summer keeping has not differed so much as winter management. The grasses abroad used in summer pasturing are the same as we, have to a great extent. Some of the grasses native to southern Europe arc too delicate to stand our winters, like Italian ryo grass that is common in British rotations. But the clover, timothy, blue grass, orchard grass and red top that are most common In our latitude are also common abroad in the localities from which we import horses, cattle and sheep. The question has been raised whether with less moisture here we can, with dryer summer feeds, maintain imported animals in all their excellenca. Wo are not able to detect any deteriora" tion where animals are handled by men who are well informed regarding their breeding and rearing. Many animals have been spoiled, but ignorance of the fundamental principles of breeding and feeding have been the cause of it. Speculators, showmen and amateurs who wanted pictures to look at and fed too much grain, have done most mischief. We think the pastures of the West will maintain all the large breeds of animals in their best condition If they are as our pastures can be made, and FLAX AND MEAT... LAHUABEK, October 10,—In last week's Cherokee Times you advise farmers to feed oil meal or ground flax: as a balancing ration. Please give comparative value of above named feeds when used to balance up a corn ration. II. B. STBTVEUS. The market price of porn and flax varies in every county. Corn is better assimilated when oil meal or flax is fed with it. The proportion of each must depend on the cost of each. Corn has too much starch to be a perfect ration. Flax has more albumen that corn lacks. Albumen is the dearest ingredient in grain. If it must be bought, we should buy only what is absolutely necessary to make a profitable ration with corn. How much flax meal or oil meal should be fed with corn is yet an open question, when economy is considered. The corn grower can afford to buy just enough to make his corn feed to the best advantage. A- steer will fatten well with one-fifth oil meal to four-fifths corn, and we have fed a much greater per cent, of oil meal when it was cheap, with advantage and profit. Scientists say tho digestible albumen should be one- fifth of the digestible carbohydrates, or the albumen In both corn and oil meal should be one-fifth of the carbohydrates of both corn and oil meal for a feeding steer. We printed the analysis of both lost week, with other explanations. We do not recommend this formula under all circumstances. Prices, palatabllity and fodders fed with the grain and grass eaten, all enter In as factors in ration-making. Practical farmers can arrive a| rations profitable to them by trial and observation. Some albumeuoids are necessary with corn. She—You are very depressed. I didn't know you cared BO much for your uncle. He—I didn't;, but I was tho means of keeping him in an insane asylum the last year of his life, and now that he has leffe rue all his money, I'VP got to prove that he was of sound mind.—Life. AH!I my agents for W. Ij. Doiifflas Shoe* c not for sale tu your place ask yoiss ; ;;ilor to send for catalogue, secure tl>« ucc'ticy, and act them tor you. 27-TAKE NO SUIISTITUTE.-03 a a*ma GENTLEMEN THE BEST SHOE IN THE WORLD FOR THE MONEY? It Is a seamless shoe, with 110 tacks or wax thread to hurt the feet; made of tho best Jluo calf, ctylltili und easy, and because we make more ehocn of this tirade than any other manufacturer, It equals liauil- sewed shoes costing from 84.UO to $r>.00. CftB. 00 Genuine Iliiuel-iicwcil, the flner.t e;Uf bP<3>> shoe ever offureil Tor §!>.0i); equals i'lvncli imported shoes which cost from SS.O.i to Sia.lM. eSSVS 00 Hiuid-Kowod Welt. Slinn, line 5f>"*o stylish, comfortable and durable. Tli shoe ever offered at this price j same grade as ci:n- t<iiii-mado shoes costing from SU.IJO to $!UX>. {SO 30 I'oliuo Hliooi Kurmers, Hallroad ileu «j}«3o tt'.icl Letter Carriers all wear them; Hue cull', seamless, smooth inside, heavy threo scion, extension edge. Ouo pair will wear a year. #»<5i 50 flue cull'! no hotter shoo ever of!crcd nt 3*<Ei« this price; one trial will couvluco those who want a slice for comfort and service. rt»i» 35 anil S2.00 WorUininmui'B shoes jySiB are very strong aud durable. Those who have given them a trial will wear no other make. fgP,rk«e> Sa.OO und SI.75 school shoes nro lOOjw worn by the boys every where; they sell nu their merits, as the Increasing sales show. 19 r>tflSAe S3.00 Hiuid-Kiiiyed shoe, best tls-a M ItSO Dongola, very stylish; equals Frc-uch i::i|)ortod shoes costingfrom &4.UO to SG.UO. LiulitV 14,50, $2,00 and £1.75 shoe for Misses are the best fine uongola. Stylish and durable, <!tiution.— See that W. L. Douglas' name and F. B. Stough, Agent WKRRKNTED W^GON§ ^ BUGGIES MANUFACTURED BY DBTROIT, WIOH. If you wish the easiest riding, most durable and a> tractive Wagpn or Buggy made, as* ytntr Dealer to i/wit you tfyse 4-<«*&, -y written warranty furnished witfc every one. TakfeiiO other. You may as weij'bave the M£$T. It costs W-'OWt than «» inferior Geo. G. Meade. W. S. Hancock, IleiiU'/ehmui. W. B. Franklin, Admiral Farrumit. Admiral Porter, A. E. Buniside, E. O. C. Ord, Commodore Foote. CONFEDERATE GENERALS. Robert E. L<. j e, Jas. Longstreet, G. T. Be»iurefiard,Anibrose P. Hill, J. E. Jonnstnn, Richard S. Ewell. PROMISCUOUS. Abraham Lincoln Jas. G. Blaine, W. E. Gladstone, L. P. Morton, Frederich L.Jahn Lafayette, John Brown, Fred Douglass, Wm. Penn, Pizarro, Win. Windoin, Geo. Bancroft, AdeliimPatti, Handel, Mo'/.art, Liszt, Wagner, Gounod, Verdi, Chopin, ,Grayer Cleveland, Mary, Ciueen ot: Scotts, Thomas Jefferson, Duke of Wellington, ,(riistave Aclolph, Jellcrson Davis, in 1864, Jefferson Davis, in 1889, Dim O'Connell. F. II. E. Von Ilumbolilt La Salic, Daniel Webster, Clias. Dickens, Harriet 13. Stowc. COMPOSERS. Bach, Haydn, Weber, Rossini, Auber, Flotow, Lortzing. POETS, Longfellow, W. 0. Bryant, Clms. S. Parnell, Mrs. F. C. Cleveland, Benjamin Franklin, Emperor Napoleon I. Emperor Frederick II. Christopher Columbus, Fernaiulo Cortex, Eobert Emmett. , John Smith, Do Soto, Dr. Eobert Koch, Jenny Lind, Gluck, Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Meyerbeer, Schubert, Schumann, Shakespeare, Goethe, Oliver Goldsmith.Robert Burns, Lessing, Byron, TJhland, Tennyson, Schiller, John G. Whitter, Thomas Moore. Scott, Koerner. GENERALS 01T THEIH WAS HOUSES. Each General on a sheet 22x28 incbes, One color, plain. Geo. Washington Win. T. Sherman Jas. A. Garfiekl, G. A. Custer. X. B. Forrest, Geo. B. Meade, P. J. Osterhans, John Morgan, ,U. S. Grant, .Philip II. Sheridan, W. S. Bosecrans, liobt. E. Lee, Geo. H. Thomas, Ambrose E. Burnside, Jas. B. McPherson, Jas. E. B. Stuart, John A. Logan, Joseph Hooker, Benj. Harrison. Franz Si gel, Winfielcl S. Hancock, Geo. B. McClellan, T. J. Jackson, G. T. Beauregard. MISCELLANEOUS PICTURES. The Presidents of the United Stotes from 1789 to 1889. In one color. Copyrighted.. On sheet 22x28 inches. Our patrons will please notice that this is the most important and historical group of its kind ever published, as it now, of course, for the first time, embraces an exact period of one hundred years. Centennial Inauguration. Size22x28 This picture is intended as a Souvenir of the Inauguration of the Presidency of the United States, 1789 to 1889. The Commanders-in-Chief, G. A. R., executed in fine steel tint. Copyrighted. Size, 22x28. The Knights of Labor Group Picture. This is the only true and authentic Knights of Labor picture extant. The Irish Members Group. Copyrighted. Size, 22x28. The above picture shows the interior view of the House of Parliament, and a correct portrait of each member in his seat. President Harrison and His Cabinet. Size, 22x28. Each bust portrait in this group is nearly half-life size. The Great Conemaugh Valley Disaster. Size, 28x42 inches. In one color. This is the only true and realistic picture yet published showing the horrible destruction of Johnston, Pa., by blood and five, with other graphic scenes—the most disastrous Hood of this age. Family Record. In one color. Copyrighted. Size, 19x24. This forms a very pleasing and beautiful picture when framed, ana contains space for photographs of parents and ten children. No family should be without it. . The Great Louisville, Ky., Cyclone, Tornado and Fire. Size, 28x42. Family Record. For colored people. Size, 19x24. This is the first and only picture of its kind in the market. It con> tains spaces for photographs of parents and ten children. Three Mottoes—Faith, Hope and Charity Size of each 12x26 inches. America's Greatest Patriots. Size, 22x28 incbes, The Founders (1.0. O, F.) of Qddfellowship in America, Size, 22x28 inches. EAMILI GROUP PICTURES, All the below in colors and plain black. Size of sheet, 83x38 The Harrison Family Group, in two colors. In one color* The above group picture is made from, photographs kindly presented us by one of the members of the family, thus securing a true likenesj Q£ each portrait. The Garfield Family Group in colors. In one color. Copyrighted- The Garfield Family Parlor Group in one color Copyrignied. The Grant Family Group in colors. In one color. Copyyigbfceil, ' , President Cleveland and Wife in one color. This ib decidedly the finest picture of its kind in tbe marked shjpr; Ing toe President and nis Wife in the Library Boomot tne Wp» lr~^ witn other appropriate surrQnn4tag8-. George Washington Group at Mount Verooa, , f This fc made after the historic family group picture gallery in Washington,

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