The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on November 4, 1891 · Page 7
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, November 4, 1891
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Page 7
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TUB RKI'UBUCAN : ALGONA, IOWA, WKIWICNDAY, NOVKMHICK 4, Farm and Stock Yard. JTAMES WILSON', EDITOR. Fall tickings repeatedly done wlH itl- jttte the cut worms. Winter begun some time ago -with farmer's whose pastures failed. It will be a long one for them. If the sugar beet becomes a farm do- jpartmcnt it will be because it is a profitable dairy auxiliary. Let us hear less of cattle breeds and more of cattle feeds. There will be "money in the change. The "cow milks by the head," an old saw puts it. When heaps of roots Ho covered in the •field waiting for cellarage when cold •weather compels, it is well to give ven- 'tilatlon. Prof. Buckl suggests a Ulo stUck in the top. A great change in Iowa farming has been brought about by introducing the 'Cpw Into the farm system, and quite as great a change is necessary in preparin plenty of feed for the cow. It has not been as difficult tohiro trades men for many years in Iowa as it is now, Every man who can drive a nail o: (Spread mortar is busy. Improvement go'on in all directions in town and in 'Country. A large per cent, of Iowa cows are BO inearly dry that they are not profitable. 'This need not be, because the heat that •dried up tho pastures would have forced abundant plant growth if a few >acres on each farm had been in condi- itibnsto grow something green and seasonable. The'potato scab is said to be caused by a fungus parasite. The readiest preventative ig growing potatoes on new Hand, or land where potatoes have not grown before for years. Indeed, it is •wise to rotate all crops. The insect world as well as the lower parasites mul- 'tiply most rapidly when one crop is continuously grown. The agriculture college at Ames will graduate one student at its next commencement. He is already wanted in a neighboring State at a large salary for a a young man, to teach agriculture. Very few of the agricultural colleges in the land make such thorough scholars as they do in the Iowa institution, and its graduates will be in demand for years to come as teachers. Thirty-four million bushels of wheat grown in Iowa this year surprises a good many. The State can grow that perpetually and much more by properly rota- ing crops. Winter wheat growing pajjs those who study it carefully. The college farm had forty-three bushels flf Turkish Red this season. One crop (f wheat in five years with proper seed wil give us plenty of returns. Late crops ripen the grain often bettc than they ripen the straw through whici the grain is saved. Wo iind this condition often in growing late buckwheai flax and millets. The limit of the set- son for sowing must be considered win we consider this. Late fall weather not very good for ripening anythi* green. The heat is less and danger ferments less, but ripening is very slow. )Ut no»-pArtlzan organization. ailed. The Iowa alliance meli lent beyond necessity. Long-suffeHng, ndulgent, but at the vital moments they kept their heads, and their usefulness will continue, Had they faltered the organization would have gone to destruction. Secretary Jtusk, in outlining the needs of agriculture, what the legislator and the diplomat can do for it, concludes by advising the ^outh to perfect themselves in the art of agriculture. We would add the sciences that underlie It. Wo must study oir soils us well as learn how to handle the tools that cultivate them. Tho history, <ovolopment and breeding of animals is well ns working with them. Tho Captation of crops to soils and climates ,s well as the art of sowin? and harvesting. The coming lurinuf will be as wel read in authorities on tho departments d the farm as the lawyer is in court decisims. He will be a closo student of plait and animal nutrition and the condensation of his products, and to this en, he needs as thorough training as thse of any profession in life. Our alliance in Iowa could not join, because one L'oath-bound and political, and the others neither. We have many good farmersfho will not affiliate with an oath-bouil society to handle political questios. Hesidcs, the veto power hold by a 5w fit the head of the southern alllncc is obnoxious to Iowa people, as M\\ MS the high salaries drawn by a fv. Iowa farmers should observe essenals in organizations and allow liberfcj in non-es.sentials. We think all povr should rest with the State allianc and only co-operation with anythmputside. mashes of bran, boiled oats and foots, or something of that sort. Wash the affected parts in solutions of borax ot chlorate of potash as recommended by Dr. Stalker in Bulletin No. 14. Send for the bulletin if you have affected animals. It will pass away with the change of the season, but nobody yet has been able to tell us what causes it, nor whether it will return. The fall rafe have had a singular effect on tho smr boots. Tlu;y indicate considerable Is per cnnt. of sugar than before the falirains. New roots have been thrown it and the question is, have the newoots affected the sugar, or have tho beet.ibsorbed so much moisture that the tal per cent, is reduced? Our long drou gave nil plants a sleep, but did that it take the place of a winter? Difi'ereimen hold different opinions on this s)ject. If a long drouth disposes towsl the second growth, then our crop of bts should be pulled before they root age. If the reduced per cent, of sucrose is used by a simple addition of moisture rfaarm is done. Sell nothinbelow the cost of production that cane held awhile. Potatoes are very cheiin many localities. They may be dear< All sorts of food will be in demand irUuropo. Potatoes arc likely to bo expqsd this year. With dearer grains thausual, the masses abroad cat cheaper <nns and vegetables. Ascertain the viie of potatoes in the winter ration obnilk cows and growing stock and fc< them. They are quite valuable whi fed with dry grains and fodders. Whavo fed them to work horses in wipr and in tho spring to calves, hogsncl breeding mules, always 'with profit. They have a higher value for feeding ten corn is high, and this should be ctsidered. Tho supply of poor stock is heavy a 1 of good, well fed, quite light at the C • cago cattle yards. The question is ofh asked; "What will beef cattle do in 1) future?" Anybody is safe in saying tl; good beef will sell well, and that pc stuff and all under-fed cattle will be si ject to all the adverse circumstances tli may arise. If people would first class themselves as producers of good beef, otherwise, they can very easily do tl ' own prophesying. Most creameries are idle or half i for want of milk, and the cows we dry, or half dry for want of grass, ri here in Iowa in the center of the gn grass belt of the continent. Discourai men sell off cows, discouraged dairy abandon business, all tectrase the co did pot have grass enough. It is amii • ing how much there is yet to learn abo growing grass. Yet most every to think they know all about so simple thigg. Our dairy people have.lost sig of this, and devoted too much time butte? fats, total solids, etc. The history of the late alliance mee A year ao the Iowa alliance, the dairy associti'on, the stock breeders and agricultura'editors of. the State demanded more atthtion, to practical farm work at our agriultural college. This has been done.; A short winter course and dairy schod of ten weeks has been arranged witi instructions frpm an agricultural clpmist, bacteriologist, a horti- culturalistja veterinarian, experts in live stock devejspment, .stock breeding and field practbs, to begin Decembor 1, and a four years' course in regular college work. Those in charge are ready for students in both courses. It will soon ba determined whether there is a demand among our farm youth for such instruction. No other agricultural college has rnado such preparation. It will be Interesting to see to what extent such an education is in request, The foot and mouth disease is quite general over the United States. It is a temporary affection compared with the European disease of the same name. It may have been caused by the extreme droutii, or by some condition of soil, water or plants, resulting from the pe- culiarlties^of the season, or the growth of some fungus favored by the season, or some plant that has been eaten, or the 'eaves of trees not usually eaten when ither green herbage is plenty, as the Wylie's assistant, Mortimer, reports analysis of an Iowa beet between 5 and 0 per cent, sucrose. Somebody has sent him a mangel, or a. big beet that has grown above ground, and he publishes this without thought or concern, as an Iowa example of lugar beet growing. Analysis at tho experiment station runs up toward 16 pet cent, and this is also from an Iowa beet, but is above tho State average. Every now and then one feels like going to Washington with a flai 1 . and doing an extensive job of fool killing. Has Chemist Wylio no more sense than to permit Mortimer to rush into print with the analysis of some big mangel wurtxel, grown on a dung heap, as a sample of Iowa grown sugar beets, at a time when every county in the State is testing the ability of the State to make its own sugar? Prof. Patrick analyzed just such a mangel, the other day, and got just such a result, but it was not trumpeted as a sample oE Iowa sugar beets. It is well known that thin plant- ng and great growth above ground prevents sugaring in the beet. That department was importuned last spring for seed by us for Iowa people, but no, seed vccnt by the ton to oiner States, we got about thirty pounds of it, and bought seed from the Oxnards for distribution and growing on the station rounds. Our people got seed where they could. Now the federal beet pow- TS get a beet from Iowa that they have utterly neglected, and publish it as a sample of our capacity to grow sugar boots. ing in Des Moines is, briefly, as followsoco weed invites horses in the South- A body of quiet, honest farmers met In thWt- The experiment station i§| going State capitol to consider ways and mean** 0 tfl e investigation of it thoroughly, whereby they might help their fellowitfrofs. Stalker and Nilea have secured on the f ftrms to prosper and incidentally pected parts of the animals, and are cryertjftke the rascals that prey upoaWtivating the bacteria. They have an- tjiem. .They were beset, annoyed, sur»Ws under treatment to ascertain rpunded, Invaded by self seekers, dUoj> pother it can be communicated from gftiji^effl .and cranks from th« four wiads A e to another. Those haying animals oj heaven, whp tried all ways to destroy ected should change their feed to soft DOES MANURING PAY? We hear it said often that it does not pay to haul out manure. And if you put fancy prices on man and team it does not pay the fancy prices. A man and team are part of a farm outfit. They an not always do equally important work. You may not sec three dollars worth of benefit in a day's hauling, but there are times when the man and team do well if they earn half of that. In spells when it is too wet to harvest or hay, or plow, or after the press of summer work is over, and during winter, and before frost comes out in the spring, thero are times for manure hauling. The benefit from manure is not all in what is fed to plants, but partially in securing proper soil conditions, where land is being cultivated, and partly in shading grass roots in pasture land, and partly in hurrying along roots to get the ground shaded, and always for the purpose of returning to the land what has been taken from it. A valuable place to put manure now is where you intend to grow a few acres of some kind of green crop for summer cutting. Winter rye will be greatly benefited by a light coat of manure. So will young clover for cutting, in that the roots will be protected during winter so that growth will be uarlier in spring. We are utterly opposed to the rotting of manures in the bam yard. Spread straw or hay evenly over the young grass or grain plants now, and it will protect them and rot in good season as the plant wants it. We can compost with profit in spring. That is, we should mix the wet and dry manure and get all into a condition to go into the ground below growing plants, least drouths make dry manure a hindrance, but for surface application rottening is a loss to the manure. Besides, it is not tidy ti have manure lying about the barns. It may not pay to hire a neighbor tolhaul manure and pay him cash for it, but all sensible farmers get out their manure and no system of reasoning will gel but of it. In fact, it is conceded that byigraxing enough and not growing grain t<V> much, and putting out all the manure!and feeding all' the grains, we can keeq our farms good, but not otherwise. your hana a month ago, and some sooner. The cows could not give milk on about nothing, or the next thing to it, and so they dried up. They would not do well on dried up grnss. They could do nothing on no grass. That's what's the matter! We have volumes written about the manipulation of milk and a few paragraphs on the feeding of cows In the stable nnd about nothing concerning the feeding of our cows during the gra/ing period. Our farmers have much to learn about feeding to cause a profitable flow of milk. Just as fast ns the forage fails, or dries up, the milk lessens and ceases. Every Iowa dairyman should provide summer feeding through drouths to keep the cows in milk, or they will shrink faster than the period of lactation justifies, and after they have gone through a shrinking process feeding will not bring them back to what they would have given had the How been kept up uninterruptedly. At this season of the year—of this year —tnc fall rains came late and scant in many localities and tho cows should have had something luscious and green. Late crops of many Kinds would be profitable. Corn is valuable until frost comes, nnd is perhaps as good as most late plants to cut. Second cuts of clover arc valuable. Early sown rye comes in after tho frosts dry up the corn, and when that has been exhausted early made ensilngo can be resorted to. Pumpkins, mangels and rape can all bo used with profit to keep tho cows in milk. At the college farm we turned into a volunteer crop of oats and then into a field of rye. When that is pastured down we will use mangels, and then ensilage, to •keep the flow of milk. Profitable dairying requires careful preparation of cow feed and rrecedes butter making, or cheese making. The low average of the cows of the State is not so much attributable to poor cows as to poor feeding. Custom dries up the cows as regularly as the pastures dry up. Good feeding and selecting will soon enable the farmer to have a profitable milking herd, but no breed or breeding or blood or selecting will avail anything if the cows arc not well fed. We have had much about breeds. Let us have more attention to continuous feeding summer and winter, and exercise enough forecast to anticipate seasons when the fields will not yield enough in the grazing season. THE MI&K Milk iskcarco. . Tho cows have dried up. Creineries arc stopping or running on half time. Butter is going up. The season is cbt short. Profits are cut off. The cows bust be kept through fall and winter on ligh priced feed. Many herds will be sennto market for canning beef. Many dairjtmen are disgusted. Something Is wriig. An average cow will give milk fa nine months. A good cow Will give mik for ten months, provided always they bet enough to eat to give milk on. Nile-tenths of the pastures in, lowft—thebest grazing Stftte under th& fun—wet| as bate as the palm of Intellectual. "Justfahncy, Weginald, I've forgotten ma cahrd case." "Nevah mind, deah boy, I'll lend you some of mine." "But—ah—the name would be different, you know." "Bah J ovo, BO it would! What a head you have, Algyl"—Life. Ask my agents for W. ti, Douglas Shoo-,. -.1 not for sale In your place auk you: tlcalor to send for catalogue it-irency, and get them for you." Or TAJIK NO SUBSTITUTE. you secure !.::• THE BEST SHOE IN THE WORLD FOR THE MONEY? It is a seamless shoe, with no tacks or wnx thread to hurt the feet; made of the best line calf, styllfili and easy, and because we make more »lu>en tif <h fa grade than anu oilier manvfacturer, It equals liuuil- sowed shoes costing from $1.00 to 85.00. (~>K 00 (jJomiluo liaud-HuwccI, tho Jinest calf «J9«9B shoe ever offered for $5.00; equals JjYeuch Imported shoes which cost from $8.imo eia.uo. (ffi-A 00 Ilnnil-Hmvfil \Volr Shot-, too cnlf, «P*»B stylish, comfortable and durable. The ixvit shoo ever offered at this price j Bnnie grade &,i CUB- torn-made shoes costing from $u.UO to $0.00. CJ5O SO Police Hlioe; Farmers, Hallroml ?Tcu t£l£|)[i and JjCtterCarriersall wear them; ilnorctif, seamless, smooth Inside, heavy three soles, t;Ueii- Blou edge. Quo pair will wear a year. CS<Q> 30 flue ualft no better shoe over offered r.t yt&t this prlcei one trial will convince tljouo who want a shoe for comfort and service. •m^B £» and WSi.OO Workiiigmaii'M c.lioes <Pi£i» are very Btroug and durable. Those -\vlio Jiavo given them »trial will wear uo other make. KSnife' v£.00 and $>1.73 school shoes ar» l~H\yyf> worn by the boys every where; they sell on their merits, as the increasing sales show. 3 £&/*! 14*43 *W"WO, Huud-Bewecl shoo, best SwCSM 0 VO Dongolu, very stylish; equulsFreiich Imported shoes costtn&from " nrlce are stamped on the bottom of each shoe. W, L. DOUGLAS, Brockton. Mass. F. S. Stough, Agent IRR^NTED WAGONS ^ BUGGIES MANWFACTUREP BY f you wish the easiest riding, most durable and at- 'tractiviwagou or Buggy made, ask ywv Staler to fhow ym tiit gwls, 4 written warranty furft^^* with every t np-9|tar* You may as well b&*e the J3MST* "4 •'4V Premiums for Every Subscriber OF THE REPUBLICAN, ELEGANT PORTRAITS FREE DESCRIPTION OF THE PORTRAITS. An elegiint Crayon Lithograph picture FREE to all subscribers of THE KKPUJJMCAN. To all who pay all arrearages arid one year in advance from the dato of payment we will give any one of the Crayon Lithographs listed below K.KKU AM A IMIEMIUM. To all new subscribers who pay one year in advance from date of payment we will give any one of the Crayon Lithographs listed below FIUOI5 AS A ri LIFE -SIZED BUST POETBAITS 0? PROMINENT MEN. Crayon Lithographs, printed in one color, as fine as steel, each, 22x28. U. S. GENERALS. Size of Geo. Washington, Jus. A. Garlield, John A. Logim, P. J. Osterhaus, Andrew Jackson, IJ. s. Grant, Win field Scott. Henry W. Halleck, Phil IL Sheridan, Prank P. Blair, Benjamin Harrison. Thadeus Kosciuszko, Kaximier/, Pul.-uvski, Jan Sobieski, (full figure.) John E. Wool, Geo. Stoneman, Philip Kearney, llussell A. Alffer, Wm. T. Sherman, J. C. Fremont, Geo. G. Meiide. W. S. Hancock, A. E. Burnskle, Heintzelman, W. B. Franklin, E. O. C. Ord, Admiral Farragut. Admiral Porter, • Commodore Foote. CONFEDERATE GENERALS. Hubert E. Lee, Jus. Longstreet, G. T. Beauresard,Ambrose P. Hill, J. E. Jonnston, Hichard S. Ewell. PROMISCUOUS. Abraham Lincoln Jas. G. Blaine, W. E. Gladstone. L. P. Morton, Frcderich L. Jahn Lafayette, John Brown, Fred Douglass, Wm. Pen 11, Pizarro, Wm. Windom, Geo. Bancroft, AdelinaPatti, ,Groyer Cleveland, Mary, Queen of Scotts, Thomas Jefferson, Duke of Wellington, .Gustavo Adolph, Jefferson Davis, in 1864, Jefferson Davis, in 1889, Dan O'Connell, F. II. E. Von Ilumboldt. La Salic, Daniel Webster, Chas. Dickens, 'Harriet B. Stowe. Chas. S. Parnell, Mrs. F. C. Cleveland, Benjamin Franklin, Emperor Napoleon I. Emperor Frederick II. Christopher Columbus, Fernando Cortex, Robert Emmett. .John Smith, De Soto, Dr. PtobertKoch, Jenny Lind, COMPOSERS. Handel, Mozart, Liszt, Wagner, Gounod, Verdi, Chopin, Bach, Haydn, Weber, Rossini, Auber, Flotow, Lortzing. Gluck, Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Meyerbeer, Schubert, Schumann, POETS; Shakespeare, Longfellow, Goethe, W. C. Bryant, Oliver Goldsmith,Robert Burns, Lessing, . Byron, Uhland, Tennyson, GMSSALS OH THEIE, WAR HOUSES. Each General on a sheet 22x28 inches, One color, plain. Schiller, John G. Whitter, Thomas Moore, Scott, Koerner. Geo. Washington,IT. S. Grant, Wm. T. Sherman.Philip II. Sheridan, Jas. A. Garfield, W. S. Rosecrans, G. A. Custer, Robt. E. Lee, N. B. Forrest, Geo. II. Thomas, Geo. B. Meade, Ambrose E. Burnside, P. J. Osterhaus, Jas. B. McPherson, John Morgan, Jas. E. B. Stuart, John A. Logan, Joseph Hooker, Benj. Harrison, Franz Sigel, Winfield S. Hancock, Geo. B. McClellau, T. J. Jackson, G. T. Beauregard. MISCELLANEOUS PICTUEES. The Presidents of the United Stotes from 1789 to 1889. In one color. Copyrighted. On sheet 22x28 inches. Our patrons will please notice that this is the most important and historical group of its kind ever published, as it now, of course, for the first time, embraces an exact period of one hundred years. Centennial Inauguration. Size22x28 This picture is intended as a Souvenir of the Inauguration of the Presidency of the United States, 1789 to 1889. The Commanders-in-Chief, G. A. R., executed in fine steel tint. Copyrighted. Size, 22x28. The Knights of Labor Group Picture. This is the only true and authentic Knights of Labor picture extant. The Irish Members Group. Copyrighted. Size, 22x28. The above picture shows the interior \ iuw of the House of Parliament, and a correct portrait of each member in his seat. President Harrison and His Cabinet. Size, 22x28. Each bust portrait in this group is nearly half-life size. The Great Conemaugh Valley Disaster. Size, 28x42 inches. In one color. This is the only true and realistic picture yet published showing the horrible destruction of Johnston, Pa., by blood and fire, with other graphic scenes—the most disastrous Hood of this age. Family Record. In one color. Copyrighted. Size, 19x24. This forms a very pleasing and beautiful picture when framed, ana contains space for photographs of parents and ten children. No family .should be without it. The Great Louisville, Ky., Cyclone, Tornado and Fire. Size, 28x42. Family Record. For colored people. Size, 19x24. This is the first and only picture of its kind in the market. It contains spaces for photographs of parents and ten children. ; Three Mottoes—Faith, Hope and Charity Size of each 12x26 inches. America's Greatest Patriots. Size, 22x28 inches. The Founders (I. O. O. F.)of Oddfellowshlp in America. Size, 22x28 inches. FAMILY &BOUP PIOTUBSS. All the below in colors and plain black. Size of sheet, 23x28 inches. The Harrison Family Group, in two colors. In one color. The above group picture is made from photographs kindly presented us by one of the members of the family, thus securing a true likeness of each portrait. The Garfield Family Group in colors. In one color. Copyrighted. The Garfield Family Parlor Group iu one color Copyrighted. The Grant Family Group jn colors. In one color. Copyrighted. President Cleveland and Wife io one color. This is decidedly the finest picture of its kind in $j»e market, ghpwt ing the President and his Wife ty tfce Library Boomof%e White Uou«e with other appropriate surroundings. George Washington Group at r' mU.-i „_ gg^. ^ .,_._

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