The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

Publication:
Location:
Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 28, 1891
Page:
Page 7

Farm and Stock Yard. JAMES WII«SON, Thotnettle of Iowa pastures fti Allot* a la well advertised. Plow deep furrows within a few Inches of the carrot rows and they will como out by hand. -~j wealthy men of the country ar How employing graduates of the agricul .tural colleges to manage their farms fo them. Tho late drouth teaches us that wo must not trust rain and pastures entire ly. We are not all grazing on virgin prairie with boundless grass. In weaning young colts do not forge loots of some kind if they aro kept in doors, and romombor clover hay is better for them than any other hay. Drilling, wheat on newly plowed clo- Ver sod we find will not complete tho job. The drills gather roots, and do not go 4pep enough. A light harrowing was necessary. The wise men of the East say hog Cholera is caused by filth. Tho germ kind is no rospoater of cleanliness. Filth nfay have been present at the beginning. Hogs on clean pastures are as liable aa any. Tho ranchmen report depleted herds. The fall rush from dry pastures has depressed prices. When every farmer is •well prepared to hold his herds to the finish there will bo less fluctuation in value. Storing roots for convenience in winter feeding is a question that deserves consideration. It pays to have mangels for milk cows. They should be stored conveniently so they can be had. It is easy to do it in bank barns, or root cellars. Now departures have been taken by some county fair associations this fall. It will be interesting to see the results. They have been loaning away from instructive, toward exciting exhibits. We think the county fair system will go iu two directions; one toward the industrial exhibit, and the other toward fun. Papers are now being prepared for the dairymen's convention at Waverly, on November 11, and the breeders' meeting at Waterloo, December 1. The brightest farmers in Iowa will be present and it would require a good deal of money to buy as much good reading matter as will be discussed there concerning practical farming. The horse grower may as well determine to get rid of barb wire around horse pastures. The damage is too great. We may escape for years and then have something ruined that would pay for any kind of a fence. Smooth wire, pickets, boards, hedges, wovon wire, anything but barb wire around a horse pasture. _ We cannot open pits in winter, nor can we carry roota from tho house cellar to any extent. Arrangements must be made near the bums where roots can be put in by the load and got out without trouble. Keeping young things thriving, and keeping cows iu milk during severe weather requires something luscious, and roots are worth more than their analysis suggests. Hunting for something in an old granary the other clay, we found reports of experiments in dairying under Prof. Kuapp at Ames, conducted by J. N. Munccy, now of Jessup, years ago, roach- ing conclusions about setting milk, raising cream, churning, analyzing, and all that, as correctly as the experiment stations are now arriving at, and covering the identical questions that some experimenters regard us new. Xow for John Bull! Our pork goes to Germany and Denmark. Bring the pressure on .Tohu, to let in our beef. Ho knows it is much healthier than his own. We pay him millions every year for stock. He insists on our steers being killed at the landing on the theory that we have the lung plaguo. Wo have ox-, terminated it. John knows that Ho has it in plenty yet. Ho would save a good deal if his herds wero as clear of it, ijohn is cross about tin and tho McKin,'ley bill, but the steers must go. He many nice little profits by us, car- i mail for us, and all our products. ;He must be neighborly. Speak to him, Hr. Rusk. Corn is very plenty. It will be carried over by many farmers. The rats work havoc where they are permitted to breed .unmolested. Cribs should be above the ground so far that rats can not burrow and yaiee the earth up to the bottom of, the cribs. They can not live in corn cribs during tho cold weather. It la nos- fiible to kwp them in subjection if they have no direct communication between the ground and the crib. So put the crib up so they can not make the connection by burrows. The Iowa experiment station conducted an experiment to show that the quality of milk is effected by feed, and proved that. The station incidentally showed that corn is not a perfect ration for a milk cow. Rro. Bennett says, "the corn ration is simply abominable." • Wo thfhk it is not all it should be, but it is what nineteen-twentieths of Iowa animals get, year in and year out. Mr. Bennett says "it would be interesting to knowthe normal yield and quality of these cows on ordinary food." If corn is not ordinary food, what is, in Iowa? All feed effects the quality of milk, one way or another. The station took what would do it pronouncedly, other feeds will do tho same, in comparison, if one is better balanced than tho other. The station hushed tho story that breed, only, affects quality. A business-like use of credit is one of tho means of money making. Whoever has property not ready to sell, or property that is being crowded upon the market in great abundance below the cost of production, has a right to use money by borrowing. The staple products of tho farm are usually dumped upon tho market at certain seasons as soon as they are ready. Wheat, corn, wool, thin cattle, dairy products and the like, go promptly into the hands of speculators. They manipulate markets more or less, naturally. Thrifty farmers always hold when the crowd sells, and usually make money by doing so. It is the farmer's duty to himself to prepare to hold, and his privilege to hold as long as he pleases. It is in tho line of farmers' education to study when to sell. The farmer must perpetually anticipate adverse weather for some purposes or he will suffer. The intense heat of the latter half of September ripened tho corn and was a Godsend, but the pastures suffered, the waters receded and fall plowing has been hindered. We have been saying something about preparing for bare pastures. It is necessary if we make animals pay. We have had perfect weather. The low temperature of July and August gave us tho best conditions for the oats crop, the extreme heat of September ripened our corn, but scorched our pastures. We could not have corn without the heat. We can have cattle feed with it. In fact, the one thing many European farmers lack is heat. We lack moisture, but we can farm so as to have abundant crops of all kinds with our rainfall, owing to the great excellence of Iowa soil. The fall plowing will be late—some of it— but that can be overtaken. There are sixty-nine oxporiment stations in the United States. Each station is an aggregation of specialists. A few stations have added practical farmers to their lists of investigators. The stations do the best work where each specialist has free scope in his own line. Tho tendency in the West is toward work in which the people of the State in which the station is located are interested. A study of the reports shows that the soils and climates and grains and fodders of iach locality in their relations to milk and meat production arts getting attention. The reports of the stations are tho best agricultural literature of the day. Indeed, the only writings on agriculture in the West that apply to its agricultural development uro found in the station reports, and in the contributions of practical farmers to the press of the State. There is, now nnd then, a farm journal west of the Alleganies like our Homestead, but they arc scarce. Dr. Wallace tells us that nowhere in Europe did he find soil that would grow successive crops of clover. They are jompelled, over there, to rotate crops— excepting grasses that grow in successive crops. We call attention to this to make tho point that we can get better returns here on the prairies by rotating. We follow com with corn, and on some of our heavy lands corn grows bountifully year after year, but that is owing to con- .uriee of preparation, and not at all to anything we do to make corn grow. It will be settled upon that tho most profitable agriculture is' to follow one crop with another kind, and never—except with grass—to call for two crops of one cind A distinction should be made bo- ween crops that feed themselves and hat must be fed. Clover feeds itself and f eeds what follows it. We got our best sora crops after clover, and we get our best barley, wheat, oat and root crops after clover. We have learned that tim- »thy does well while It feeds upon the jlover roots grown the previous yew. In our developing system tho sugar beet is to play a part. It will be found that the beet must bo fed, and that it must have intervening cfopa. In fact it is not good farming to grow any one crop continually, without a change, except self-feeding grasses, nor will the prairies do their best until a rational system of rotation is arranged, in which the recuperating crops equal the depleting. Oil, BAtlONS, Farmers are turning attention to oil meal as a valuable feed. Some are feed- Ing it exclusively. This is just as groat a mistake as feeding corn exclusively. No grain is a perfect ration for all purposes, nor is anything else. Milk is perfect for a child, and good for adults. Grass is nearest perfection for growing Btock. Oats and barley come near being perfect for working animals, and corn is peerless as a single fattening grain, while (lax seed is the most Qpwerful of our northern grains. The most economic Iowa feeding is generally donowitli corn tempered with oil meal. Tho mixing for practical men must depend on the price of each. The "German ration" we hear so much of is two and one-half times the fat in any combination of grains, added to the starch feature, then lot tho albuminoids or Hash forming feature stand as one to five and four-tenths of tho starch, or carbohydrates. This is a division worth considering, but for practical feeding, get the cheapest and balance it as well as the cost, the health of tho animal, and assimilation of the whole by the animal will justify. It has come to the time when we can not afford to let the Eu i lopeansgetour oil meal,cotton seed meal, bran and the like, because we need them to balance our corn crops, but the exclusive feeding of oil meal will not pay unless it is very cheap, and the stock is on grass. Then either oil meal, or corn meal, may be properly fed alone, because the gross is a perfect ration and leaning too heavily in any direction with very cheap grain may make money. Profit must always be considered in feeding. __ ECONOMIC FEEDING. The feeding season is at hand. Progress in feeding from tho standpoint of the Iowa farmer is the proper balancing of the corn ration. There is little to be made,comparatively, in the methods, but in mixtures much is to be learned. Our corn is a peerless crop, and is doing us yeoman service. Observing men see that the corn of itself is not as good a ration us it is when it is mixed with bran, oil meal, outs, peas, beans or barley, for beef, mutton, pork or milk, nor is it as good alone as it is when tempered with roots and oats for growth and health. Iowa farmers can grow everything necessary to make perfect rations. Sometimes bran is cheap, sometimes oil meal. This fall they arc not so cheap as last fall compared with the price of flax. Farmers can grow their own flax and feed it ground into meal when the oil meal is dear as it is now. Ground flax is just the thing to feed with corn fodders, oat straw or timothy hay. It is not quite the thing to feed extensively with corn, but a little can be fed with profit. Iowa farmers can grow flax profitably to feed, say one acre to every ten of corn that is to bo fed on the place. We would not sell flax at present prices. It is the cheapest feed to mix with corn in the State to-day. Experiments plenty have proved that it pays to mix flax meal, with the oil in, or out, with corn. We would feed it in, this fall. Every animal on the place will be benefited by a little flax meal in its ration. Fattening animals can stand from two to five pounds a day. They will not assimilate as much flax meal with the oil in as with it out. Watch tho feeding and temper the amount to suit the animal, but by all means feed some and see the effects, particularly in the finishing months. FLAX SEED ME At, AND Olt MEAL. We got more inquiries just now about feeding flax seed meal and oil meal than on all other subjects combined. Flax meal is ground flax seed. Oil meal is ground iiax seed with the oil pressed out. Flax sells as low as seventy cents a bushel in parts of Iowa we hear from, and oil meal is quoted at $24 a ton in our correspondence. The question is asked: "Which will I food?" Tho price by the ton is practically the same. The oil meal, after the freight is added, is the highest by the ton, but these prices are locality prices, and we can only generalize on the subject. The farmer naturally desires to feed what he has at the same price, if it is as good as selling the flax and buying the oil meal. We think oil meal is about at its value compared with the price of corn, while we think tho flax combine has cornered the seed. ftA.fl per c*nt oil fn it- Oil meal has from 3 to 8 per cent, of oil left in it Flax seed meal has 21.7 per cent, of protlno in it— & term eynon- imous with albumen for practical purposes—while oil meal has 20.5 per cent of protinc. This protine, or albumen, is what is wanted in feeding. The oil meal has more of It than the flax seed meal in a pound, because there is less oil in the oil meal, so called. Our field corn has only 10.0 per cent, of protine and 0.5 per per cent, of fat. But corn has 05.7 per cent, of nitrogen, free extract or starchy matter, while iiax seed meal has only !!).(> and oil meal 20.8. The same amount of protino matter remains in the oil meal after the oil is expressed, but it is, of course, a greater per cent, of tho whole. The protine of the fiax is what is wanted to add to a corn ration. It would seem then to be profitable to get "oil meal" without the oil to fatten cattle with, but if tho farmer desires to tone up a straw stack, or corn fodder stack that has little fat, the full iiax seed meal would be the most profitable. Oat straw hfis2 per cent, fat, and corn fodder without the ears has 1 per cent. The farmer must determine which feed will answer his purpose best. The Iowa experiment station found that calves could digest or assimilate so much iiax meal. After that scouring set in. See Bulletin No. 14, sent free on application. Wo have taken figures from Armsby. Five or six times us much starchy matter as albumen is considered a well balanced ration. The oil or fat in a grain is multiplied by 21 and the product added to the starch feature or carbohydrates in getting the ratio. Another feature of these feeds requires consideration, that is digestibility. It is not very well determined, but a higher per cent, of flax meals are digested than of corn. Besides, flax as it perfects the corn ration some way we do not understand, enables animals to make more of their corn ration. They are healthier, less liable to scour, have better coats and make weight faster. Bulletin No. 14 tells of a sow and pigs that made seventeen and three-tenths pounds of gain from a bushel of corn that included a little iiax and barley meal. Of one thing we would caution feeders. If you feed flax in any shape heavily you can not follow it with other feeds and keep up the same degree of thrift. Finish animals with it if you feed heavily. A little is good for any animal. Heavy feeding of flax in any form will cause pregnant animals 10 abort. We would ojill attention to the mot Hint we JIM; iocafnd liere |'fnii;iiii-nlly, for Miemaiiulac- IIII-P jii.-d n/ile of oriM-rery work in Marble. <<ruiniu.-nnisr.oiit*. We im\v liiivft and intend M hi'cp in .stock a fair liui*. of iinislu'i] Munu- iiieius. Hf:t«.lsUi!irs. eti-.. uml will uuariititee a<l work to tic e..|iinllo Hie l>m. We are the oniv iiiMiiiifru-turcixif (••MiiPtc.ry work in Kos- siulj CD. Tlifrefiir*.picas'? t'ive'us ii call before placing your order mill l>c coiiuiicwl licit by lair and liounrat-ln dcnUm-, vui urn worthv vour I'.'ilriii.aiiC. ALGONA MARBLE WORKS, SHELLEY & HALL, Proprietors, Knst State St.. AlK'Uin. Iowa. f * tte ", t " *> r W. I,. DoBalns Shoo*. tS «, 8a J C r !u you ? plnco nHk )OUI to nend for ciilaloifue, uveuro (li< •MCOUCV, and get them Tor you. - NO SUBSTITUTE. _ THE BEST SHOE IN THE TOLD FOR THE MON£y? It ia a seamless sUoe, with no taelis or \\-ur. tlireuU to hurt Uiereet; mscJo of the best iluo ciUC, stylish uua easy, uuU because u-e make worn e/Mn i>f tl.u unule titan any other manufacturer, it cyuaJs lir.uU- suH-ed shoe* oostiuij from$3.00 to S5.UO. 'if-'PS, OOfJeiiuluc liaiiii-Hiitvfd, tho finest calf sv+jta slioe cYor offered for gs.uij eyuuls French '•'•r.wtcd shoos wUloU cost from {«.<) -to SIS.'JuX *$& °° ' ll'fU<J-W<MV<;<J Weir Hliofi, Una c.-.tf, ..* - -<;< e iofi, na c. stylluU, comfqrtablo u-j(i duraUlu. The 1 wi snou ever olTuroil at thin i-rlye ; sumo grade us cua- '••'i'i-iuwlj sboea contjug (ruiu$o.w to su.on. CS «5J Police Mlioci Farmers, Kallniad JFru ami Letter Carriers s.11 wear them; l.r.cTiilf. u«, (Miuutli luslda. lioavj- threu wilvu, i-.-Utu- .-.l.ia OUKB. Ouo pair will wear a year. '.''?, '-y »S> fiuo euH'j no better sbou ever cfiYrea nt •vUt£« this prlcoj ono trial will couvluuo U.uso w bo want a »lioo for comfort sud service. Wi.OO WorUiniciunn'B shoes gtroug mid durable. Those who aro very ' ~, "* *• •*••/ IBHWHIH »v_ „ w „. ..^.v,, » i*\in\j 11 uivu jrlTcn tbera a Wai will wear uo other make. $••£.00 and 81.75 school sbot'B nn; w-wvwv U.MU ff i. . f if nvuuui buuun lin; ',r/ "— w° ru by*! 10 boi'" everywhere; they Bull i tliofr merits, as tho increasiug sales show. ) ?)<f|3A<s 83.00 lluud-neweil shoe, best •*"***,• ** •*» Domjolo, very stylish; equals Freuda • iiIKirted shoes costing from gl.iK) to go'.tlO. Ladies' !i.50, 8i.«« uutl$1.75 shoo for i i-isea aro the best flneDougola. Stylish aud durable. : .tuition.— See that W. L. Douglas' name and •nee ure stamped on the bottom of each shoe. V/. L. DOUGLAS, Brockton, Mass. F. S. Stough, Agent WAGONS ^ BUGGIES MANUFACTURED BY DETROIT, 7VUQH, If you wish the easiest riding, most durable an4 attractive Wagon or Buggy made, d^i your Denier fo sAov> you these goyds* A written warrant^ furnished with every one. Take »p other. You may as nU have the J2JgS2\ Jt costs no more than an inferior SENT »F Premiums for Every Subscriber OF THE REPUBLICAN, ELEGANT PORTRAITS FREE DESCRIPTION OF THE PORTRAITS- An elegant, Crayon Lltho B rnp!i picture FREE to all subscribers of HEPUHLIOAN. To all who pay all arrearages and one year in advance from the date of payment we will -give any one of the Crayon Lithographs listed OelOW KttKK AS A PREMIUM. To all new subscribers who pay one year in advance from date of payment we will give any one of the Crayon Lithographs listed below FKEE AS A I'HISMIUM. LIFE-SISED BUST PORTRAITS OP PROMINENT HEN. Crayon Lithographs, printed in one color, as fine as steel Size of each, 22x28. U. S. GENERALS. Andrew Jackson, U. S. Grant Winfleld Scott, Henry W. Halleck Phil n. Sheridan, Frank P. Blair. Benjamin Harrison. Thadeus Kosciuszko, Jan Sobieski, (fullflcnre.) Philip Kearney, Goo. Washington, Jas. A. Garficld, John A, Logan, P. J. Osterliaus, Ka/.imier/, Pulawski, John E. Wool, ' Geo. Stoneman, , Jlussell A. Alger, Wm. T. Sherman, Geo. G. Meade, W. S. Hancock, Ileintzelman, W. B. Franklin, Admiral Farragut, Admiral Porter, J. C. Fremont A. E. Burnside, E. O. C. Ord, Commodore Poote. CONFEDERATE GENERALS. Robert E. Lee, Jas. Longstreet, G. T. BeauregardjAmbrose P. Hill, J. E. Jonnston. Kichard S. Ewell. PROMISCUOUS. Abraham Lincoln Jas. G. Elaine, W. E. Gladstone, L. P. Morton, Prederich L.Jalin Lafayette, John Brown, Fred Douglass, Wm. Penn, Pizarro, Win. Windom, Geo. Bancroft, AdelinaPatti, ,Groyer Cleveland, Alary, Queen of Scotts, Thomas Jefferson, Duke of Wellington, .Gustave Adolph, Jefferson Davis, in 1864, Jefferson Davis, in 1889, Dan O'Connell, F. II. E. Von Ilumboldfc, La Salle, Daniel Webster, Chas. Dickens, Harriet B. Stowe. Chas. S. Parnell, Mrs. F. C. Cleveland, Benjamin Franklin, Emperor Napoleon I. Emperor Frederick II. Christopher Columbus. Fernando Cortez, Robert Emmett. John Smith, De So to, Dr. Kobert Koch. Jenny Lind, COMPOSERS. Handel, Bach, Mozart, Haydn, Liszt, Weber, Wagner, Rossini, Gounod, Auber, Verdi, Flotow, Chopin, Lortzing. POETS. Shakespeare, Longfellow, Goethe, W. C. Bryant, Oliver Goldsmith,Robert Burns, Lessing, Byron, Uhland, Tennyson, Gluck, Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Meyerbeer, Schubert, Schumann, Schiller, John G. Whitter, Thomas Moore, Scott, Koerner. GSNEBALS ON THBIE V/AR HOUSES. Each General on a sheet 22x28 inches, One color, plain. John A. Logan, Joseph Hooker, Benj. Harrison. Frauz Sigel, Winfleld S- Hancock. Geo. B. McClellan, T. J. Jackson, G. T. Beauregard. Geo. Washington,!!. S. Grant, Wm. T. 8herman,Pliilip II. Sheridan, Jas. A. Garfield, W. S. Bosecrans, G. A. Ouster, Robt. E. Lee, N. B. Forrest, Geo. II. Thomas, Geo. B. Meade, Ambrose E. Burnside, P. J. Osterhaus, Jas. B. McPherson, John Morgan, Jas. E. B. Stuart, MISCELLANEOUS PICTURES. All the Presidents of the United States from 1789 to 1889. In one color. Copyrighted. On sheet22x28 inches. Our patrons will please notice that this is the most important and historical group of its kind ever published, as it now, of course, for the first time, embraces an exact period of one hundred years. Centennial Inauguration. Size, 22x28 This picture is intended as a Souvenir of the Inauguration of the Presidency of the United States, 1789 to 1889. The Commanders-in-Chief, G. A. R., executed in fine steel tint. Copyrighted. Size, 22x28. The Knights of Labor Group Picture. This is the only true and authentic Knights of Labor picture extant. The Irish Members Group. Copyrighted. Size, 22x28. The above picture shows the interior view of the House of Parliament, and a correct portrait of each member in his seat. President Harrison and His Cabinet. Size, 22x28. Each bust portrait in this group is nearly half-life size. The Great Conemaugh Valley Disaster. (Size, 28x42 inches. In one color. This is the only true and realistic picture yet published showing the horrible destruction of Johnston, Pa., by blood and fire, with other graphic scenes—the most disastrous flood of this age. Family Record. In one color. Copyrighted. Size, 19x24. This forms a very pleasing and beautiful picture when framed, ana contains space for photographs of parents and ten children. Ko family should be without it. The Great Louisville, Ky., Cyclone, Tornado and Fire. Size, 28x42. Family Record. For colored people. Size, 19x24, This is the first and only picture of its kind in the market. It contains spaces for photographs of parents and ten children. Three Mottoes-Faith, Hope and Chanty Size of each 12x26 inches. America's Greatest Patriots. Size, 22x28 inches. The Founders (I. O. O. F.) of Oddfellowship in America, Size, 22x28 inches. FAMILY &BOUP PICTURES. All the below in colors and plain black. Size of sheet, 22x2S inches. The Harrison Family Group, in two colors. In one color. The above group picture is made from photographs kindly presented, us by one of the members of the family, thus securing a true likeness of each portrait. > The Garfield Family Group in colors. In one color. Copyrighted, . The Garfield Family Parlor Group in one color Copyrighted. The Grant Family Group in colors. In one color. Copyrighted, President Cleveland and, Wife in one color. This is decidedly the finest picture of its kind in the market, ing tbe President and his Wife ia the Library Uoomof the White with other appropriate surroundings. George Washington Group at Mount Vernon. This is made after the histowe family group piptur« BOW in', $stom gallery in. Washington. General John A. Logan$04