The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on October 21, 1891 · Page 7
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, October 21, 1891
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THE REPUBLICAN : ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 21. 1891. farm and Stock Yard. JAMES WILSON, EDITOB. "A'tlttle fence wire -will let the cattle get the volunteer fall growths of grains. Shelter saves feed, when the weather tuins cold. The time has been when farmers could not afford very good shelter. Now they can not afford to bo without It. Dakota farmers must be in a hurry to rob their soil. We have reports that they neither stack nor shock, and take -.the chances on the weather. They will : get high priced experience. The Breeder's Gazette tells of an En- .•glishman visiting the stock yards in Chicago and "wondered why animals were :aent to market underfed, when the country was full of Indian corn." This is not .a new surprise. Why trains of corn fol" low trains of thin cattle has amazed us here long ago, but we think our farmers are moving in the right direction in this regard. We are getting faith in our cattle and corn. Mating time for sheep, that are to have •early lambs, is here. It pays to have early lambs, if there is good protection, and this means a close room with a stove in it. A good deal of trouble, but a lamb that will sell very high. If such conveniences are not to be had, then mate the ewes five months before warm weather, or about the first oi.' December. Selection should have consideration. Use a buck that has the wool you want '.to clip. Use a thoroughbred. remains wet and they catch colds. Sheep should be housed in cold rtiin stotms. Young colts should also be sheltered when it rains in the fall. Calves, after this time of year, should be in doors when it storms, as a matter of economy. Milch cowa should be stabled at night whenever it Is not comfortable out of doors. A lowering of temperature, especially with rain, calls for more feed, jnst as colder weather admonishes us to dress more and gives us appetite to eat more. The western habit of out-door life for animals should be re-considered and amended. With good shedding, feeding steers, dry cows, stock steers and colts ovp,r a year old will run out and in and thrive. The others mentioned require better care. If you desire to help a bare pasture next year sow some winter rye. It will be fit to cut first, then a wull manured clover patch will come next, then oats and peas will be ready, then cut the rye again, then the clover again, then early corn and late corn. Try a few acres this way. You •will find the few acres in those green crops pay you amply, and keep cows in :milk, young stock growing, giye you . green feed for hogs when the pastures are dry, and satisfaction generally. The •town man with a few lots may m>.cc them very profitable by this means. Manure heavily. Permit no plant to show seed. Get ready now. An acre will keej.- a cow a year. We can make more lean pork if wo •" feed for flesh instead of fat. It is probably bred into some breeds as a second nature, but feeding and selecting will give us different pork. Our present hog was developed in the days that ante-dated coal oil when lard oil was wanted, and before cotton seed oil had found its way as an adulterant into our food. We can evolve a new hog very easily, but corn must not be the sole feed, nor a great per cent, of the feed. Let the market offer price enough for lean pork mixed flesh, and it can be bred and fed for it. Our lard hog is peculiarly an American product. No country that has not corn produces hogs that render so great a per cent, of lard as ours. The covn crop of 1801 is a large ona and it would, bo interesting to follow it to Its various destinations. The hogs of the State will get about the half of it. It will make pork at the rate of from four to ten pounds of corn to one of pork, depending entirely upon the intelligence and enterprise of the feeders. It will make beef at the rate of from five to ten of corn to one of beef, depending entirely upon the feeder and what he feeds. It will be sold from the field, af- tur husking, by a few, and give bare wages for growing, and it will be fed by others to fine animals for meats or dairy products or to develop fine horses and give returns well up towards a dollar a bushel, if all (ho profit is attributed to it. which is not a fair way of reckoning. It is fairer to regard corn as a raw pro ditct from which (he farmers may make high selling products. As farmers become more enterprising they make more out of corn, grow more to the acre, plant fewer acres, grow more grass, keep better animals and finish with corn. sell a part of their farms with it, and at best make a bare living. They are in politics just now. Parties quarrel over them. Whether they grow it at a profit or not is as prominent in Iowa politics as Dickens made out the bushel ot wheat to be in his country. 13e that as It may, we are of the opinion that sailers of corn should take up feeding and study it in some of the directions where people do make money out of corn. Those who have fed for years can with profit inquire whether they fed it to animals that gave good prices for it, or whether they might as well have sold it, and those who have foci corn to good animals,those who have made corn pay, will do well to inquire whether corn will not make more horse, and steer, and milk, mutton, pork and poultry by folding some oil meal, oats, barley, bran, clover hay, peas, or other feed with it that is more albumin- ous than corn is. The old fashioned way of making butter differed as much from present methods as the old fashioned way of making cheese dill'cred from ths methods of today. Bultor used to bo worked until everything in the shape of water and buttermilic was out, and then a keg of it would cross the tropics and remain sweet in the hold of a vessel. Now taste has been educated to eat 15 per cent, of something else than butter fat, and with our system of refrigeration and cold storage modern butter can be kept until it is consumed. The new departure in cheese has not succeeded so well. Old fashioned cheese has as much fat as casein. It was made sweet and cured with age, and became better up to a year old. New fashioned cheese—much of it—is made with as little fat as the skimmer will leave. The acid found at the end of six months in the old cheese is discovered in six days in the new. New fashioned butter is wholesome, and is an improvement on the old, but new fashioned cheese is a travesty upon the name. The art of making good, digestible cheese is now rare, and there is a pressing demand for a'revival in cheese making. OUU DEACONS There is a man in New York called Deacon White—so called because he is not a deacon and never was. The Deacon associated himself with other men to deal in farm products; to speculate, be- Uvcon the producer and consumer. lie got caught lately and the deal went against him. He is getting sympathy pity. Hopes are entertained that the Deacon will get on his feet again, anc still depress prices, and elevate prices t< annoyance and loss, and cost of those who produce, and those who consume. Wo wish the Deacon nothing Worse than to be compelled to go to work and earn an honest living, at something useful to mankind, and not hurtful to them. The whole brood of deacona are parasites on society. They organize corporations, take other people's money and speculate with it. When they succeed, they riot, when their enterprises fail, the law as it is exempts all they have made away with, and got fixed in their own names, while their creditors, laboring people mostly, lose. Judge Hubbard was entirely right when he said such corporations should bo regulated by law. Present agitation does not go to the root of the evils that afflict' society. The demand for equa taxation is sensible as far as it goes. The brood of deacons rob the community, and of course pay as little tax as possible. The robbery should be stopped. When Deacon W. wants B. and 0. to deposit money with him, if W. loses the money, make every dollar he possesses liable for all his debts. This would cure one evil under the sun. When Deacon W. sells what he does not own, and buys what he never expects to pay for, outlaw the transaction and put him in the category of swindlers. Speculating, getting something without work, is one of the greatest curses of the times. The sufferers are the working classes, and government will some clay protect them —when the working classes have more of their fingers in governing. to rations. Experiments have proved that all animals In tho center of our continent need It, and do not thrive without it. The cooking of ccorn for fattening hogs is not advised by experimenters, but we think cooking makes the food more digestible. The hog may eat It too fast, or too much of it, or may not get it properly some way. We are not satisfied that cooking Is of no use, and will experiment with It more and try to ascertain whether something may not he needed as a mixture to perfect the ration. You will find in Bulletin No. 14, sent on application, that the station found oil moal very beneficial to feed with corn. We have all preparations made to cook for hogs and will see what we can llncl in that direction. WATKHLOO, Sept. 15.—I wish you to ate your \n\y of handling the cows—that is, briiigiii!? them from the pasture and milking them. 1 rent my farm siml put forty cows on. The cows are put in stalls to be milked, and are usually milked by- boys. They keep up a very loud noise, what they term singing, but all the time I have objected and advocated the reverse. Please give your opinion. Our opinion is asked what is the best way to handle cows, the noisy way or the quiot way. It depends. Old songs tell that they were sung at milking time by the girls when they performed the duty lang syne. "The Flowers of the Forest, 1 ' an old song composed after the slaughter of Chevy Chase, runs along: 1 have heard of a liUing (singing) at our ewes milking; Lasses a Hilling before the break of day; But now there's a moaning in ilkn green loaning; The llowers of the forest are a wede away." Pcrcoy's men and Douglas' men fought until nearly all were killed. So there is warrant for singing at milking time. Wo would not advise the milkers to sing modern music, the cows might not appreciate it, but "Hail Columbia" or "Bonny Doon," we think helps the cows to give, clown. Premiums for Every Subscriber OF THE REPUBLICAN. ELEGANT PORTRAITS FREE DESCRIPTION OF THE PORTRAITS, An elegant Crayon Lithograph picture FREE to nil subscribers of TllK llEl'UBLlCAN. To all who pay all arrearages and one year in advance from the date of payment we will give any one of the Crayon Lithographs listed belOW KJIKK AS A PJIEMIUM. To all new subscribers who pay one year in advance from date of payment we will give any one "of the Crayon Lithographs listed below FKKK AS A LIFE-SIZED BUST POETEAITS OF PROMINENT MEN. Crayon Lithographs, printed in one color, aa fine as steel. Size of each, 22x28. U. S. GENERALS. OOPHKHS AND IJCK. BKHXAKD, October 0.—Will you please tell me tho best way to kill gophers? Also how to get rid of lice in chicken coops and houses. J. W. MAT-OXY. If it is the pocket gopher, dig down to his run and feed him apples or potatoes, or carrots or parsnips in which you have inserted strychnine. He will be dead and buried. Spray kerosene about the hen house. It will kill the chicken lice. An emulsion of kerosene will also kill the lice on all domestic animals, and it is also potent on all tree lice. Get your visiting cards the REPUBLICAN office. at Iowa is being visited by many Illinois farmers wanting farms. A very large increases of desirable population is coming as well aa a very large amount of money to buy lands. These Illinois farmers know what they want. They are paying from $35 to $50 an acre and sometimes higher. They know that Iowa farms at that price are the cheapest property obtainable. The new comers are good farmers. They have, made money in Illinois and they will make it easier here with cheaper lands, of as good quality as they left tit home. They buy out men who will quit farming, or who have been selling grain. Tho new set will keep stock They have educated families. They are very welcome. Mate sows four months before you want pigs—sixteen weeks is the uvcrajre time ol' gestation. The time of breeding should depend upon conveniences for car in-,' I'or tho pigs, feed,ami th;> purpose for •viiidi they are wanted. The breeder has liiei-.i come in March, the farmer lifts them roine a litile later to suit surplus milk, K''t b"tU'r weather, mid the like. Theiv ;•; groat diticivnce in herds for proiii. Avoid the sow that is M sly breeder, she will be a poor milker. l r «3 thoroughbred nuili-M by all means. Tho breeders are selecting and prices are moderate. If you want a large average of pigs to the sow, do not use the male too freely. If you desire vigorous pigs, .breed from vigorous sires and dams. If you pay no attention to the herd at coming in time, breed late. If you want large, early litters all saved, you must sit up. Cold rains may be expected now and Jhey ate bad for sheep, because the wool THE KAKT,Y STOKBI3. Do not put off the feeding time too long. Animals are generally fat, and they can stand privation through rainy days and snow storms, but they loso llesh by it. We have no good excuse, now-a-days, for losing money that way. An animal may be fed a ration that will sustain a given condition, but except in the case of males it does not pay- It is lost. Animals either improve, as a general thins:, or go back. Progress only pays. We should bo improving our herds, and many are, and we should bo reaching toward earlier maturity. This forbids the stand-still policy. We have no u'ood excuse for lack of sheds for stockers, and convenient feed of some land to care for them when fall storms come. Tho early storm injures stock more when they have had a soft ration than severer weather when they are on drier rations. Then their hair is thin and the pores of the body open in warm weather admits cold in all forms. So it is well to be, prepared in season for tho first fall storms. Observing men notice tho drift of a herd after going through a day's rain and a night of' sleet and a finish up of snow. Nothing pays better, then, than good shelter and plenty to eat. THE CORN CHOP. The corn crop of 1891 has ripened, thanks to unusually warm weather in September. It is a good crop, much of it, and quite a per cent, is a poor crop. All of it, or nearly so, might have been a good crop, and the Iowa farmer is improving as a corn grower so that the poor yields of this year will not be r-e- peated to so groat an extent in the future. , The crop will do great good to all Iowa interests. Those who feed it to well bred horses of any breed, or well bred beef or miltc cattle.or hogs, sheep or poultry in an economic way will make QUESTIONS ANSWERED. TWO QUERIES. CHELSEA, September 7.—(1) Is there a kind of clover that makes good feed that will run out wild grass on wet land? If so what is it called and when is the proper time to sow, and the quantity? (2) What is your remedy for a cow giving thick uiilk, or as some call it, gargeiy milk? A. J. TYLKH. (1) The Mammoth clover and Alsike will both do well on damp land. Xo tame grass will very soon run out wild grass unless it has been summer burned or closely eaten. (2) There is something wrong with the cow, or she has been hurt. Remove the cause and the milk will come all right. Naturally the milk will not be gargety. If a cow persists in giving such milk dispose of her. IJUERIES ON RATIONS. LOCUST, September 28.—1 write you for some information about llax meal aud oil cake. Many farmers are raising soire flax at present and I think it is not advisable to sell flax and buy oil cake at present prices. Now is it nearly as good to feed flax meal raw as to have it cooked? It is handiest to feed it raw. Is it any advantage to have cobs ground with corn meal? Most com and cob mills grind the corn pretty coarse, while the French burr mills grind it fine. Which is best? Is it advisable to add salt to rations? 1 have, a four-horse power boiler with which I have cooked the swill tor hogs and other foods aud fed it to them blooit warm, and think it advisable. L. L. IVERSOX. We have touched upon the flax mcul and oil meal subject in another place. We think'flax will go up and oil meal come down inevitably. To repeat briefly, use ilax meal with very poor fodders like straw, and use the oil meal with the oil out,for feeding with coin to fattening animals. It is disputed whether the cobs are an advantage. Shelling is saved by grinding cob and corn. Some think the cobs make meal more digestible. We feed corn and cob meal because we have iron burrs. If you have the stone burr and can grind fine, we think meal is better digested the finer it is ground, but that also is disputed. Yes, ,add salt I'ractifttl I<U':ir. Cheap. Every farmer should be interested in practical information mid ideas concerning the farm, live stock, dairying, fruit culture, poultry, etc. This information can be obtained by rending Rural Life, a 16 page weekly jonrnid, conducted by practical writers who gain their knowledge from actual experience. Subscribers are all pleased with it. "Best farm paper published." "Count on me as a permanent, subscriber," "The first paper 1 read," "Always interesting," are only samples of scores of expressions from those who ; re now subscribers. The publishers desire to have the merits of the paper more widely known, and therefore will send sample copies during October to any person sending nume'mid post oftico address. The price is §1.00.per yetir, but. it will -only cost you a postal'card to get these October copies. Address Rural Life Publishing Co., Waterloo, Iowa money twice from it. Those who Bell it AN IDEAL WIFE. A frJBO Sealskin Coat, for tlie T/.icly Cinninf; NeurvMt the Kequh'eineiits. Every lady tending IH'ty cents for a three months' trial subscription to the Ladies' Pictorial Weekly, may enclose a sample of bur handwriting (not, less than six lines,) for ihe delineation of her character in Prof. Wicklu's Grapholog- ical Prize Examination. The single or married lady possessing, according to delineation of he_r handwriting, the most characteristics necessary for the making of a good wife, will be presented by the the publishers of the Ladies' Pictorial Weekly with im elegant genuine Sealskin Coat, costing §350.00. To the lady standing second in the ex animation, will lie presented a first-class Ladies' Gold Watch, costing $85.00 To the lady standing third will be given a silk clVess pattern, of the best quality, costing §45.00. Fourth, China dinner set, costing §40- To the next live, Opera Glasses, costing §10.00 each. To the ne,\t ten. handsome Parlor Lumps. To ihe next twenty, beautiful Mantel Clocks. To the next thirty, beautiful Plush Workboxes, and many other articles, a full list of which is pub lished, with the rules, in the Ladies' Pictorial Weekly. An elegant Silver Tete-a-tete Kettle is given each day to the lady whose hand writing is received, and upon delineation, is pronounced the best of those re ceived that day. The regular price of this publication is $2.00 a year, aud it is equal, in every re spect, to the high priced illustratet English or American magazines. Three months' trial for fifty ceuts, postal note or U. S. two cent stamps. No copief free. Address the Ladies' Pictoria Weekly, Toronto, Canada. 53-3 MANUFACTURED 8Y DETROIT, 2WUOH. ' Jf y«m wish the easiest riding, most durable and attractive WagQii or Buggy made, as% your Dealer to show you thest gM$, A.written Warranty furnished with every one. TaJk^ RQ pther. YOU may_as It costs.u&jmre thaaaft Interior "' kM>6U E SENT J! have the JSJ3ST. e. QUESTED.' Geo. Washington Jas. A. Garlield, John A. Logan, P. J. Ostta-hatis, U. S. Grant, Henry W. Halleck, Frank P. Blair, Thadeus Kosciuszko, Andrew Jackson, Winfield Scott, Phil II. Sheridan, Benjamin Harrison. Kfi'/imierz Puluwski, Jan Sobieski, (full figure.) John E. Wool, Geo. Stoneman. Philip Kearney, llussell A. Altfer, Wm. T. Sherman, Geo. G. Meade. W. S. Hancock, Jldntxelman, W. B. Franklin, Admiral Falr.'igut. Admiral Porter, J. C. Fremont, A. E. Burnside, E. O. C. Ord, Commodore Foote. CONFEDERATE GENERALS. Ilobert E. Lee, Jas. Longstreet, G. T. Beauregard,Ambrose P. Hill, J. E. Jomiston, Richard S. Ewell. PROMISCUOUS. Abraham Lincoln,Grovcr Cleveland, Jag. G. Elaine, Mary, Queen of Scotts, W. E. Gladstone, Thomas Jefferson, L. P.Morton, Duke of Wellington, Frederic!] L.Jaltn.Gustavo AdolpH, Lafayette, John Brown, Fred Douglass Win. Penn, Pizarro, Clias. S. Parnell, Mrs. F. C. Cleveland, Benjamin Franklin, Emperor Napoleon I. Emperor Frederick II. Jefferson Davis, in 1804, Christopher Columbus, Jefferson Davis, in 1889, Fernanilo Cortex, Dan O'Gonnell, Robert Emmett. F. II. E. Von IIp.mboli.lt, John Smith, La Salle, De Soto, SVm. Windom, Geo. Bancroft, Arleliua'Patti, Daniel Webster, Chas. Dickens, Harriet B. Sto\ve. Dr. Robert Koch, Jenny Lind, G. A. Coster, N. B. Forrest, Geo. B. Meade, P. J. Osterliaus, John Morgan, Gluck, Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Meyerbeer, Schubert, Schumann, Schiller, John G. Whitter, Thomas Moore, Scott, Koerner. John A. Logan, Joseph Hooker, Benj. Harrison, Franz Sigel, Winfield S. Hancock, Geo. B. McClellan, T. J. Jackson, G. T. Beauregard. COMPOSERS. Handel. Bach, Mozart, Haydn, Liszt, Weber, Wagner, Eossini, Gounod, Auber, Verdi, Flotow, Chopin, Lortzing. POETS. Shakespeare, Longfellow, Goethe, W. G. Bryant, Oliver Goldsmith,Eobert Burns, Lessing, Byron, Uhland, Tennyson, GENERALS ON THEIR WAR HORSES. Each General on a sheet 22x28 inches, One color, plain. Geo. Washington,U. S. Grant, Wm. T. Sherman,Puilip H. Sheridan, Jas. A. Garfield, W. S. Eosecrans, Robt. E. Lee, Geo. II. Thomas, Ambrose E. Burnside, Jas. B. McPherson, Jas. E. B. Stuart, MISCELLANEOUS PICTURES. All the Presidents of the United States from 178!) to 1889. In one color. Copyrighted*. On sheet 22x28 inches. Our patrons will please notice that this is the most important and historical group of its kind ever published, as it now, of course, i'or the first time, embraces an exact period of one hundred years. Centennial Inauguration. Size, 22x28 This picture is intended as a Souvenir of the Inauguration of the Presidency of the. United States, 1789 to 1889. The Commanders-in-Chief, G. A. R., executed in fine steel tint. Copyrighted. Size, 22x28. The Knights of Labor Group Picture. This is the only true and authentic Knights of Labor picture extant. The Irish Members Group. Copyrighted. Size, 22x28. The above picture shows the interior view of the House of Parliament, and a correct portrait of each member in bis seat. President Harrison and His Cabinet. Size, 22x28. Each bust portrait in this group is nearly half-life .size. The Great Conemaugh Valley Disaster. Size, 28x42 inches. In one color. This is the only true and realistic picture yet published showing the horrible destruction of Johnston, Pa., by blood and fire, with other graphic scenes—the most disastrous flood of this age. Family Record. In one color. Copyrighted. Size, 19x24. This forms a very pleasing and beautiful picture when framed, and contains space for photographs of parents and ten children. No family should be without it. ' The Great Louisville, Ky., Cyclone, Tornado and Fire. Size, 28x42. Family Record. For colored people. Size, 19x24. This is the lirst and only picture of its kind in the market. It contains spaces for photographs of parents and ten children. Three Mottoes-Faith, Hope and Charity Size of each 12x26 inches. America's Greatest Patriots. Size, 22x28 inches. The Founders (I. O, O. F.) of Qddfellowshlp | n America, Size, 22x28 inches. '• ; -. FAMILY GRQUr HCmES, . -All the below in colors and plain black. Size of sheet;, 23x28: The jlarrison Family Group, in two colors. In one color. The-above group picture is made from photographs kiadl us by one. of the members of the family, thus securing a true Uk^negs el • each portrait. The Garfield Family Group in colors. In one color. Copyrighted, The Garfield Family Parlor Group'in one color Copyrighted., ; The Gf ant Family Group in colors. In one color. Copyrighted^ President Cleveland and Wife in one color. , , This is decidedly the finest picture of its kind in the market, ing the President and his Wife in the Library Roonjof 1 with other appropriate aurrounding^! t George Washington Group; This is made after the Mstorijg||MiJy group picture gallery in Wajsbjnjgfcos* GeneralJohn, A, Logan a,n<j

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