The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on October 14, 1891 · Page 7
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 14, 1891
Page 7
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Farm and Stock Yard, JAMES WILSON, Bmton. THE REPUBLICAN: ALGONA, IOWA, WBDNJBSDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1891. in buying middlings for are being adulterated r ~~BV careful feeding. •With clay. 'People-Should know that milk will absorb foul odors under certain conditions. When it ia hot it will not, because It is then giving off odora. It will absorb when it'Cools. It gets tho ferment seeds at once, 'the bacteria, but does not get odors wh'ile it is hot from the cow. Do not neglect cattle just now on bare pastures. Cows will decrease in milk .flow rapidly, if thoy do not have plenty Of feed during the fall months. The September drouth hag been very severe to many counties, little rain falling and the grass growing harder. Feeders should begin feeding corn on the grass now, as few pastures will keep cattle good. Many Iowa farmers whcThavo been wasting money for years with shallow wells are now going down to the lower levels and pumping into cisterns on elevations that will water stables, yards and pastures. It will be a great rellef.and result in re-organization of ynrds and lots that heretofore'woro made to butt up to some poor well or questionable creek. A deal of time will be saved and much muscle, and endless 'worry. Plenty of water on the farm just where it is wanted will be a very money making institution, a great benefit-to animals, a comfort to the boys and a means of grace to all concerned. The Iowa agricultural college does not propose'todo work by halves in the creamery mow being built. It will run the yearTound. It will make butter and cheese and experiment with these products in all directions. No one man knows all about the dairy, and in order that milk may be inquired into in all its •relations expert farmers are there to do their part with the cows, expert butter and cheese makers in the building, agricultural chemists and bacteriologists to do their part of the work. Scholars in this-practical and scientific school will get lessons that are given in few other, If any school on earth. The regular college students have practice throughout the year and tho dairy school students lhave it for ten weeks from December 1. Iowa farmers will have profit from tho -season's work. Some will pay off obligations, some will improve, not a few wii invest In real estate, quite a number will : buy interest-bearing paper, and others will improve houses, fences and farm animals. We suggest the draining of wet lands as a wise way to invest money. Tiles are cheaper than ever before, money is cheaper and plentier than it ha: ever been in Iowa. If you do conclude to lay some tile be sure to buy the besl book on the subject you can find, nnc then you will have plenty to learn practically. Be sure of your outlet, be sure to lay the tile on a true plane, lay them big enough, and put in silt basins at sufficiently near intervals in long drains. Modern dairying with the thermometer differs somewhat from the old- fashioned way with the forefingers and rule of thumb. Milk was drawn from tho cows and set in pans in a more or less cool place. It was churned when convenient at temperatures that ranged between well water and boiling water. .The butter came—if it was not witched •—hard or soft as it happened, white or yellow, more or less. It was worked from two to twelve times and salted enough. Some of the very best possible butter was, and is still, made with no guide but madam's forefinger, but some— two-thirds of all they make, is not flrst- rate. The high selling butter from our creameries is made by rule. The milk comes at 08° and is cooled before getting to the separator or heated to 70 °. It is cooled again to 55° or 58° to ripen for churning. It is churned at from 58 ° to 64 ° owing to the weather. It is cooled after churuing as low as spring water or ice water at will cool it. It is washed twice, the milk gently pressed out, salted, and the salt roiled in for a few minutes, then put in the tubs for the market, and a world of work saved. Tho •good housewife used to slap it and «pank it till she was tired, and quit a •while, then go at it again. era la past. The Industrial era is here. Intelligent management of our producing soil and the after management grown crops are the 'money making Young men have trained them- of lines. selvea for commerce, teaching, telegraphing and the professions, so called. Now attention is turning to.the. mote profitable growing and condensing and marketing of our staple crops. There is money in it. We see good farmers get rich and poor farmers stay poor. The wide awake farmers arc learning. The institutes help them. The press is helping them as it never did before. The alliance organizations are rubbing man against man and the sparks are flying. Truth and error clash, and error disappears. Our people are showing the world what the highly educated lowan can do for himself and for mankind. The world Is learning of Iowa, its people and its lands. The value of farms will go up more next year than last year, and then our acrea will bo the cheapest on the continent. This is the situation and this is the promise. IOWA'S PRESENT AND The Eothohilds expect that $300,000,COO will come to the United States for our farm products this year. That will put an entirely new face on things, There Is a surplus of money in most Iowa banks »ow. There will be more. Money is now being made in the industries by intelligent work. Railways, public lands, Wipes and other speculative ventures have had prime attention. Thespecu- I.ITERABY ST.DK OF THE FARM. The Minnesota State fair people conducted a farmers' institute very wisely during their lato show, and had Prof. Shaw, of Guelph, Canada, and other noted men to address it. -Wo think tho Iowa State fair could add this feature with profit and edification. The power of the tongue is not obsolete yet. The press has not superseded it, and is not likely to do so in our day. There aro many men in Iowa that the farmers like to hear and every year new features of farm life, breeding, feeding, cropping nnd dairying come up for discussion, and people remember longer what they hear, if well put, than what they road. If half a dozen men, prominent as farmers In the nation, were to spoak in a building on the grounds on strictly farm affairs, they would draw a class of hearers without whom no fair can succeed. It is strange that our neighboring States lend us in this regard. Iowa is the foremost agricultural State In tho nation in all regards except this. Institutes are held by tho people themselves, but neither the State nor any of its organized societies take interest in this most important feature of farm education. Wisconsin legislature appropriates $12,000 a year for this purpose, and has a superintendent of Institutes. The Canadians appropriate $5,000 and put the money in the hands of the president of the agricultural college. Either would work well, or if it were put in charge of the agricultural society good work would be done. In this connection we are impressed more and more with the need of the putting in book form every year the thoughts of the year, noting the growth of farm departments. Scarcely a book printed on any farm subject reflects Iowa farming. Our professors of agriculture will be compelled to write text books affecting Iowa farm interests in the educational line, as the eastern authorities are either reprints of European authors or reflections of eastern farming. SACRIFICING CATTLE. The season has come again when farmers who are not provided with plenty of grass, plenty of water and plenty of pluck sacrifice their cattle. Thousands go to Chicago that should be kept on the farms and be finished. They make mischief every way. They do not pay the sellers nnd thoy depress nil markets, because buyers make Diem do duty for better cattle. Tlic packers are prepared to handle them in coW storage nnd with them keep prices down when supplies become scarce. Tho farm should not, and need not sell, the ranch must sell. This is the season for disposing of ranch cattle. The surplus can not be heldi There Is neither corn nor hay to winter them with. It is different with our farmers. They can hold their cattle because the State grows more corn than it uses up to this date. We are aware that many pastures become bare in the fall, and ihat the upper wator levels fall, but this is not tho season to cure either. When ivinter comes and the ranch people have quit shipping, look over tho herds and ,he capacity of the farm to keep them and arrange for next year. Weed out, fatten and sell down to the capacity of the farm as it is, or Improve up to the requirements of the herds. We advise .he latter, by all means. See to it that ihe pastures aro fully seeded and doing what they should. Save a few acres of something to cut green and help the pas- ures over droutha Balance the produo- ng capacity with the consuming capacl- y. As regards water prompt steps must be taken. Iowa has plenty of water, but not always In shallow wells. Go down >n the hill-top until you get an ubund- ,noe. Pump into a cistern and pipe to tables, yards and pastures. If you have tne grounn mgu enougu to ttow the water where it is wanted. With' plenty of water and plenty of feed there will be no necessity of rushing thin, well bred stock to market We have come to tho time in Iowa when this can easily bo managed. We have an enormous crop. It will bring tens of millions into the State. Money is cheaper than it hns ever been here. It will be still cheaper. We can well afford to use it in Improving along these lines. Indeed, we can not afford to sell thin stock, nor can wo afford to huncl-pump water, nor drive long distances tojj. A BAtlAVAY MOVEMJEXT. We notice a movement among railway employees to organize to prevent railway legislation that may affect their wages. They nre a class that should be well paid and no class over thinks of making laws that will compel them to work for low wages. The movement is against the farmers nnd shippers In reality, because farmers and shippers brought about tho present laws. Thoy were an imperative necessity and the whole farming and shipping interests will act together to maintain them in substanco. Iowa never prospered so well, and the right of all localities 'to get fair rates secured by existing laws has brought it about. The farmers and other patrons of the railroads have not and never had any desire to gi>t railway service below fair compensation, and wu hope nobody is using tho railway employees for sinister purposes. j Let them point out any grievance in tho laws and they will get plenty of help to modify it, but a return to the old policy whereby a few men can build up great centers and a few individuals at tho expense of many localities and many small shippers is not to be thought of. There is prosperity everywhere, because every one has assurance of fair play now, something nobody had before. It is stated that the organization of employees only intends to prevent demagogues from injuring them and the State's interests in general. This is most laudable, to which nobody will object. We frankly say, however, that we think this phil- anthrophic object is not universal. There may be a small few who are not absolutely above demagoguery in the new movement. They advise unwisely who attempt to create hostility between the railway men and the producers. The farmers of Iowa were the last class to adopt independence in voting, but they have learned the way of it nnd will use the ballot to protect their interests. Nothing will induce them to do this so promptly as evidence that they are being organized against. We suggest that the railway employees send delegates to the meetings of the farmers and state their grievances. They will find friends. But if their organization in this matter takes the shape of a hostile town movement against the farmers, it will have but one outcome, and until real cause exists for aggressive movements the worst con struction is apt to be given to any town movement to repeal the railway statutes. We do not know what the scale of wages is and can not form opinions on that point. Let railway men publish the amounts they receive, for public information. Ours is a fair minded people, will take the side of the deserving. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS. and FRKPAKIKO- FOB BABLEY. IIIAB, September 19.—I have a piece oi land which I wish to prepare for barley for IBM. It was in oats this season and produced a very heavy growth of straw, but being sown rather late the rust str uck them and abortion of them could not be harvested. Now, I have intended to plow the straw under with riding plow at once, then harrow thoroughly, then in the spring put In the barley with com plows the same as I would corn stubble I have been talking with many farmers, respecting the matter, and some think I can secure a better crop by burning off the straw and stubble before plowing and then treating as before proposed. F. t!. WHEATON. It is not the best farming to follow oats with barley. Barley is a quick growing, dainty feeder like wheat. It should be sown when the land is in Its best possible condition. When a crop of corn has been grown on sod land then sow barley. If, however, the land is new, you are likely to get a good crop either by plowing down the straw or by burning it off. The burning will likely bring you tho best crop of barley, but you lose the humesso essential In maintaining good soil conditions. The fact is, you O'E/ien county farmers have such fine soil that you can do about as you please and get good crops for years to come. Regard for the future forbids burning anything. THE CHEAPEST FEED. VANHOBNE, September 25.—Which is cheapest and best feed for cattle, hogs and horses? Oil meal at n per cwt. or flax at il.19 per cwt.? I have the seed and am In doubt whether to sell or feed. «*«"»' This is a nice question, Ueusally the no hill build the cistern on the" top of ' ?J^ ^wl ' s ^ e cheapest for fattening cat- "° lcu •»'*" «*>rn, no »n« corn fi«s oil enough without adding more, but prices have changed and oil meal is as dear as we ever see it, while flax Is cheap as we often see it. We would not sell the flax and haul to market and buy oil meal and haul it home for the prices you quote. If you feed the flax meal to young stock and stock living on straw «nd corn fodder it will make a good ration with the oil in. If you feed it to cattle or hogs being fatted on corn, give less of it. Too much will become evi- ident in scouring. We substituted flax meal for cream, in a calf feeding e:rper- iment here lately, and found that if we gave too much, scouring followed. We have seen flax seed boiled and fed to fattening steers, nnd it worked admirably. The corn requires the flax meal with the oil out to perfect the ration, but a little fed ground or boiled with the com will do well. It is a little difficult to mix it after it is boiled, so that all the animals will get their proper share. It is very easy to mix it in the hogs' swill. We think full flax meal will find its place in Iowa feeding very soon. The profits of commerce will be saved. We would pay SI a hundred for oil meal rather than feed corn without It, to any animal. A division might be made drawing a line between young animals, stockers and fattening anlmtls. The former need the oil of the flax to enrich straw and corn stalks and other fodders, poor in fat and the albumen that they make fat from, while animals eating corn heavily do not need the oil of the flax plant, while they do need the albumen. AFTEB FAX WHAT? CARBOLIC September 21.—I have turned °^?I', or i n ?f her word s. broke up some wild land this spring and seeded fn flax. What small gram will do best on such land after flax? As flax draws on land heavily and it is claimed it is hard on land, therefore I wish to sow in the spring to the bes,t advantage, taking the flax in to consideration. How would potatoes do on such land? E. T. HABDIKG. There are several reasons why we would sow barley. It requires land in good condition, and flax is very severe on land, but you say the land is nowly broken up, so it is rich enough for barley. You want a stand of grass, and barley grows quicker than any nurse crop. It has less dense foliage than oats, and you can not sow flax again. Potatoes would do well, but if you want to sow grass seed they would not answer. Try Men- sury barley. It has yielded fifty bushels to the acre ou the college farm this year De Win's Sarsaprilln destroys such poisons as scrofula, skin disease, ec/.ema, rheu matism. Lin timely use saves many lives. By rEBQtTS W. HUME, CHAPTER L WHAT THE "A.ROU8" RAID. case are ;<li?!is Cheap. Every farmer should be interested in information and ideas coticeni- tin; farm, live stock, dairying, fruit ^culture, poultry, etc. This information can lie obtained by rending Rural Life, a 10 pii-io weekly journal, conducted bv pntcticnl writers wh« gnin their know- leriue Irom actual fxperience. Sub- senhers are nil pleased with it. "Best farm paper published.' n permanent, per 1 on I v "Count on me as lanent. subscriber," "The first pa read." "Always interesting," are . samples of scores of expressions trotn those who ; re now subscribers Ihe publishers desire to have the merits of the papermore widely known and therefore will send sample copies during October lo any person sending name and post office address. The price is tflOOper year, but it will only cost you a postal, card to get these October copies. Address Rural Co., Waterloo, Iowa. Life Publishing AN IDKAt, WIFE. A $3BO Siuklftklii C«mt for the Latly Coming Acimjst tlio Iteiii ItequirumentN. Every lady sending fifty cents for a Uiri-o months' trial subscription to the . ,., , - —., j enclose a stimpk' of her handwriting (not less than six Jines.) Cor the delineation of her chamcu<:r in Prof. Wickle's Grapholog- rnxe Examination. The single or icul married lady possessing, according to delineation of her handwriting, the most characteristics necessary for the making of a good wife, will be presented by the the publishers of the Ladies' Pictorial Weekly with an elegant genuine Sealskin Coat, costing $350.00. To the lady standing second in the examination will bo presented a first-class Ladies Gold Watch, costing $85.00 .To the lady standing third will be given a silk dress pattern, of the best quality, costing $45.00. Fourth, China dinner set, costing $40° pera HE following report appeared in The Argus newspaper o f Saturday, the 88th July, 18—t "Truth is said to be stranger than fiction, and certainly the extraordinary murder which took plnce In Melbourne ou Thursday night, or rather Friday morn- Ing, goes a long way toward verifying this saying. A crime lifts been committed by an unknown, within a short distance of the principal Ktreets of this, and ia Burroutided by nn impenetrable mystery. Indeed, from tlm natiiro of the crime itself, the plans whcr« it wan committed, and the fact ttiat the aiisussin has escaped without leaving a trace behind him, it would seem as though the case itenlf had been taken bodily out of one of Oaboreau'H novuls, and that his famous detect! vu Lecorq only would be able to unravel it. The facts of the simply these; "On tho iiTth clay of July, at tho hour of tweuty minutes to 3 o'clock in the morning, a hansom cab drove up to the police station, in Urey street, St. Kilda, and the driver made tho startling statement that his cab contained tho body of a man whom he had reason to believe had bean murdered. "Beiug taken into the presenco of the inspector, the (uttinian, who gave his name as Malcolm Ruystnn, related the following strange story: "At tho hour of 1 o'clock in the morn- Ing, he was driving down Collins street East, when as he wan passing the Burke and Wills monument he was bailed by n gentleman standing at tha corner by the Scotch church. He immediately drove up, and saw that the gentleman who hailed him was supporting the deceased, who appeared to bo very intoxicated. Both were in evening dress, but the deceased had 110 overcoat on, while tho other wore a short covert coat of a light fawn color, which was open. As Royston drove up, the gentleman in the light coat said, 'Look here, cabby, here's some fellow awfully tight, you'd better take him homer" "Royston then asked him if the drnnken man was his friend, but this the other denied, saying that he had just picked him up from the foot path, aad did not know him from Adam. At this moment the deceased turned' his face up to the light of the lamp under which both were standing, and the other seemed to recognize him, for he recoiled a pace, lotting the drunken man fall in a heap on the pavement and gasping out 'You?' he turned on his heel, and walked rapidly away down Russell street in the direction of Bourke street "Royston was staring after him, and wondering at his strange conduct, when he was recalled to himself by the voice of the deceased, who had struggled to his feet, and was holding on to the lamp post, swaying to and fro. '1 wan' g'ome,' he said in a thick voice, 'St. Kilda.' He then tried to get into the cab, but was too drunk to do so, and finally sat down again ou the pavement, beeiiig this, Royston got down, and lifting him up, helped him into the cab with some considerable difficulty. The deceased fell back into the cab, and seemed to drop off to sleep; BO, after closing the door, Royston turned to remount his driving seat, when he found the gentleman in the light coat whom he had seen holding up the deceased, close to his elbow, Royston said, 'Oh, you've come back, 1 ' and the other answered, 'Yes, I've changed my mind, and will see him home. 1 As he said this ha opened the door of the cab, stepped in beside tho deceased, and told Roy- 6ton to drive down to St. Kilda. Royston who was glad that the friend of the deceased had come to look after him, drove as he had been directed, but near the Church of England Grammar school, on the St. Kilda road, the gentleman in the light coat called out to. him to stop, tie aia so, and tms got out of tho cab, closing the door after hlflk " 'He won't let me take him home t ' he ttrfd, 'so I'll just walk bock to tha city, and J-ett' can drive him to St. Kilda. 1 " 'What street, eirf asked noystoii. " 'Grey street, 1 fancy,' said the Other, 'bftti my friend will direct you when you gat to' the Junction.' " 'Ain't he too much on,«Jrf said Roystoft. dubiously. " 'Oh, DO; I think he'll be able to tell you where he lives. It's Grey street or Ackland 1 street, I fancy, t don't know which. 1 "Ho then opened the door of the cab and 1 looked in. 'Wood night, old man,' be said. The other apparently did not answer, for the' gentleman in the light coat, shrugging his shoulders and muttering 'sulky brute,' closed the door again. He than gava Royston half. a sovereign, lit a cigarette, and after making a few remarks about the beauty of tho night walked off quickly in the direction of Melbourne. Royston drove down to the Junction, and having stopped there, accord- tag to his instructions, he asked his fare several times where he was to drive him to. Receiving no answer, and thinking that the deceased was too drunk to answer, he got down from his seat, opened the door of the cab, and found the deceased lying back in the corner with a handkerchief across his mouth. He put out his hand with the intention of rousing him, thinking that he hod gone to sleep, when on touching him the deceased fell forward, and on examination, to his horror, he found that he Was' quite dead. Alarmed at what had taken place, and suspecting the gentleman in Hie light coat, he drove to the police station at St. Kilda, and there made the above report Tho body of tho deceased was taken out of the cab and brought into the station, a doctor being sent for at once. On his arrival, however, he found that life was quite extinct, and also discovered that the handkerchief which was tied lightly over the njoutL was saturated with chloroform. H« iia,u uo Invitation in stating that from the way in which, the handkerchief was placed, and the presence of chloroform, a murder had been committed, and from all appearances tbo deceased died easily and without a struggle. The deceased is a slender man, of medium height, with a dark complexion, and is dressed in evening dress, which will render ideutilication difficult, as it is a costum» which has not any distinctive mark to render it notieeabla There were no papers nor cards found on the deceased from which his name could be discovered, and tho clothing was not marked in any way. The handkerchief, however, which was tied across his mouth, was of white silk, and marked in one of the corners with the letters 'O. W.' in red silk. Tho assassin, of course, may have used nig own handkerchief to commit tho crime, so that if the initials ore those of his own name thoy may ultimately lead to his detection. There will be an inquest held on the body of the deceased this morning, when, no doubt, some evidence, may be elicited which may solve the mystery." In Monday morning's issue of The Argus Ihe following article appeared with reference to the matter: "Tho following additional evidence has been obtained which may throw some light on the mysterious murder in a hansom cab, of which -we gave a full description in Saturday's issue: 'Another hansom cabman called at the police office and gave n clew which will, no doubt, prove of value to tho detectives in their search after the murderer. H« states that ho -was driving up tho St. Kilda road on Friday morning about half-past 1 o'clock, when he was hailed by a jentlem«n in a light coat, who stepped uto the cab and told him to driv* ;o Powlett street, in East Melbourne. Se did so, and, after paying him, the gentleman got out at the corner of Wellington parade and Powlett street and walked slowly up Powlett street, while the cab drove back ;o town. Here all clew ends, but there can DO no doubt in the minds of our readers as to the identity of the man in the light coat who got out of Royston's cab on the St Kild» rood, with the one who entered the other oab and alighted therefrom at Powlett street There could have been no struggle, as the cabman Roystou would surely have heard the noise had any taken place. The supposition is, therefore, that the deceased was' *x> drunk to make any resistance, and thei other, watching his opportunity, placed the handkerchief saturated with chloroform over the mouth of his victim, and after a few in- iffectual struggles the latter would relapse nto a state of stupor from such inhalation. The man in the light coat, judging from his conduct before getting into tho cab, appears to have known the deceased, though from the circumstances of his walking away on recognition, and returning again, shows that Ids attitude toward the deceased was not altogether a friendly one. "Hero is a great chance for some of our d»- -ectives to render themselves famous, and we eel sure that they will do their utmost to trace the author of this cowardly and daring miirrfoi* " murder." (To be Continued.) To the next ten, handsome Parlor jomps To the next twenty, beautiful Mantel Clicks. To the next thirty, beautiful Plush Workboxes, and many other articles, a full list of which is pub- ished with the rules, in tho Ladies'Pjc- onal Weekly, An elegant Silver Tete-a-tete Kettle is jiven each day to the lady whose handwriting is received, and upon delinea- lon, is pronounced tho best of those re- :eived that day. The regular price of this publication is .3.00 a year, and it is equal, in every re- peel, to the high-priced illustrated English or American magazines. Three months^ trial for fifty cents, postal note »• two cent stamps. No copies Address the Ladies' Pictorial U. ree. Weekly, Toronto, Canada. 53-83 WKRRRNTED WAGONS & BUGGIES UNPARALLELED OFFEFT! A Farm and Stock Paper FREE To Every Subscriber of THE KEPUBLICAN! We are pleased to announce that we have made arrangements with the publishers of The Western Plowman whereby we can gjve that excellent Stock, Farm, and Household Journal FREE to every subscriber of THE Risr upon conditions named below. The arrangement is For a Limited Time Only! And will be offered by no other paper i n Eossuth county. MANUFACTURED 8Y If you wish the easiest riding, most durable and attractive Wagps or Buggy made, ask yoi& Qtakr to shm yott these #M&, 4 «/?#/,«» warranty furajijied with every one. Take »9 o&§f, Yo« may as well |$$ the Jt costs no MIT T fiswasr WHAT is the WESTERN PLOTOH? ™, o 0 !? 8 w wd you aad get new: ?' - > t,i 1 IP

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