The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on October 7, 1891 · Page 10
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 10

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, October 7, 1891
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Page 10
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THE REPUBLICAN: ALGONA, IOWA, WfvDNKNDAY, OCTOBKK 7, 1891. Farm and Stock Yard. JAMES WILSON, "Calves, at this season of the year, need fa pasture, a shady retreat, water and a jgtaln fation. _ i tfi fa no longer a question, that well 'tltted animals assimilate more of their |f6od than those that are descended Idrongh many generations from rustlers. .Some" of our most noted agricultural • chemists of the day have text books in print telling us that carbhydrates -will dot make fat—or In other words that corn Will .not make pork. But they quote experiments made with dogs to prove it. ' jThte is one of the ways that error gets abroad. Tendencies are toward common pur- •jpose cows because people .want beef and 5nllk, Some men of to-day may think 'that they do not need beef cattle, and others may think they do not want milk •cattle, but for all that the average farm- 1«it needs both and while breeders of spec- f&l purpose cattle wrangle he will select 'and breed and feed for both. 4.80 percent, mineral matters." The general make of cheese in the northwest at present lacks this degreo'Of moisture, owing to rennet and salt being in.excess to prematurely harden, and it lacks this degree of fat, owing to the skimmer. We often hear that a colt costs no more to raise than a steer and sells for far more. That depends. A first class young steer weighing 1,000 sells for as much as the average colt does. Steers of the better sorts are high, and horses of the common sorts are cheap. The farmer who has good work mares should raise some colts, but the steer should not bo displaced. The average Iowa dairyman has slack to take up In the matter of steer feeding. He sees the most profit in milk skimming and hog feeding. This pays well. We see evidence of it In the dairy counties, but we think the calf should bo raised on sktra milk with a little flax meal added, as the Iowa experiment station did in an experiment found in Bulletin 14, that is free to all Iowa people asking for it. The steer can be reared, and as long as corn goes to Chicago for other people to feed, we can raise and feed our steers. The clover seed caterpillar that has •done much mischief in the State this •summer is killed when the hay is cut and stacked. Prof. Osborn advises the careful cutting of roadside clover to avoid the second crop of worms. This he thinks will help to keep clown the clover •Beted midge. Bend for Bulletin No. 14, Iowa Experiment Station, Ames, Iowa. Farmers should seriously think over the hog problem. The germ disease destroys too severely and too often to justify exclusive hog farming, or farming that consists in corn and hog production .as ft leading feature. Try more cattle or some sheep or good brood mares. Balance the farm stocks better. Some farms smell aloud with hogs, and the disease finds such farms. Flax is very cheap this fall. Inquire If oil meal is correspondingly cheap. liC it Is, by all means get it for all fattening animals, for milk cows, for young animals of all kinds, for everything that is fed corn, for animals living on straw or corn stalks. If the oil meal is too dear In proportion to the price of flax, then save or buy flax seed, have it ground and feed a little of it to all animals getting corn. It pays, as more of the corn is assimilated. Where cows suckle calves they should be put dry so as to fatten up for winter, on grass. There are more economic ways than others of managing suckling dams. They should live mostly on grass and coarse fodders, and they will if they aro well bred and not suckled too long. It will not pay to have them suckle during. tl*e winter, because then they must have gjrain, or if the calf sucks too long they must bo built up again. Cows that suckle long do not breed regularly. Prof. Pammel wants samples of the fungus found on the sugar beet sent to him at Ames for examination. Iowa is greatly interested in the sugar beet, and "irn anything that the scientists at the college Softti can do is being done to get inform. atlon for the people concerning the sugar ijieet in all its relations. This fungus ,1s found on the leaves and has eaten out ithe center in some instances. The Pro- ileSsor says it is a ground fungus. If so, , Ijeets should not be planted again where it affected them. Q. E. Newell has written a book on our cheese product. He says the English eat twelve pounds each and we eat three pounds each. We are surprised to read that Americans eat so much. It is an evidence of reckless bravery to be wondered at. The price for the kind of stuff is too high for the million. Cheese is the poor man's meat abroad. The skimmer intervenes here and the laborer finds he can not digest it. We found in our travels lately in a neighboring State that whole milk cheese is made in summer for three or four months for the English and the rest of the year the milk is set for crnaming, tho skim milk being made into cheese for American use. No wonder the consumption is limited to three pounds each. There is better work than this done in Iowa at most factories. You are more likely to get good cheesn in home factories than in Chicago. Besides all this, the cheese in many instances are filled with lard. If a boy could be taught the history of and how to breed our domestic animals as well as the most successful farmer in the neighborhood, it would be a valuable part of an education. If he could be taught how to feed as well as the most successful feeder, it would add to him very much. If he were taught the value of each grain and forage plant in the nation, he would know more than most farmers. If he were taught how to make butter and cheese as well as the most expert, he would be still stronger. If ho got a knowledge of soils and their adaptability to different crops, he would make fewer mistakes than most. if, while he acquired these farm accomplishments, ho also got a thorough knowledge of the sciences that underlie breeding, rearing, feeding, dairying, soils, cropping, rotation and other farm operations, with a good knowledge of literature, we think such an education would prepare a man for making the farm pay. This is the of our agricultural colleges now. There are more openings for men educated this way tlmn in any other direction. The cheese maker gets now as high wages as the principal of the high school; the butter maker as much as the telegrapher Some careful farmer who has such a pasture can at his leisure tell us whether,beyond a sufficiency of grain for winter feeding and work teams, it pays to plow and cultivate for corn to feed more' hogs than enough to use skim milk, slops, and other by feeds? Everybody knows it does not pay so well to raise corn to sell. QUESTIONS ANSWKttED. Till? CATTLK INDUSTRY. MAnsHAi.i/rowff, Iowa, September 21.— Although we have a large packing house here, Marshall county is terribly overstocked with cattle and buyers are slow to take advantage of the situation. We want aT. M. Sinclair spirit to buy and pack beef for tho European markets. There is not going to be feed enough to carry the cattle through if wo have anything like a hard winter, and still save evory corn stalk find refuse fodder beside. What shall we do? ,1.13. It is now late to adviso corn cutting. We know Marshall county grow great abundance to winter over all her Hoclcs and herds. We know half hur com fields are not saved for fodder. Improvement is being made in this direction. If | we controlled the affairs of this grand j county we would not sell a hoof until it carried all possible corn to market. We would not sell a bushel of corn to mortal man to feed. The farmers of Marshall county will some day grow just what corn they intend to cut up and feed. The capacity of that and other counties to keep cattle has not yet been dreamed of by tho most visionary. TROTTJBKS ON THE FARM. A cotemporary says many farmers are abandoning the raising of draft colts and turning to trotters. We are sorry to hear this. The noise we hear from the turf is valuable in some respects. Tho fitness of our soil, climate, water and people to produce first rate Bulletin No. 14 indicates very strongly feed changes the quality of milk, it is just as certain that the individ- uajUty of the cow has much to do with both quality and quantity. This investigation only confirms what practical men haye long believed. It will not do to re- '4y on tho hastily formed conclusions of '(anybody, especially when they go count- tf? to experience and common sense. Kfentlemen who have only devoted part <jj a life time to agriculture should be <nodost when they set out to contradict a Universal belief. The observations of a countryside of farmers can not bo ignored because scientists find queer results from .questionable handling of a farm department Prof. Sheldon, one of tho latest authors bn British dairying, says of cheddar cheese—the kind made in the northwestern States—that the leading features aro f'heat to regulate the temperature when it Is 'Bet', and for raising tho temperature afterwards; the removal of the whey While it is sweet; the development of acid in the curd; tho exposure of curd to the ajr, still keeping it warm, and the cooling of It before grinding it; and the mixing of salt in the curd at the rate of two per cent It should have 34.50 per cent, water; 33.30 per cent, butter; 24.50 per casein; 4.50 per cent, rnilk sugar, or average lawyer, physician or minister of the gospel. The cold storage operator is paid like a colonel of the army, and half the chairs in our agricultural colleges arc watting for men to be educated to fill them. Agriculture is booming in educational directions. Farmers ore now goiug to tho pastures to prepare for a corn crop for next year. This demand for corn for extra hogs turns the sod over. If we could make as much from grass lauds as from corn lands we would not plow so much, nor keep so many acres growing grain. We wonder how many have figured the difference between the profits of a corn crop fed to hogs and tho profits on a grass crop fed to other animals. We mean good grais and good core; grass that would keep a cow well the grazing year of, say, eight months, and well tended corn that this year will go sixty bushels an acre, as all well tended Iowa corn will. It would require careful inquiry to got at the relative profit. State averages are no good in such inquiry. Results could not bo intelligently had that did not Include the very best disposition of the grass, it should be grazed by fine mifk cows whose milk make gilt edged butter, or cattle that make better than export beef, or sheep that make flue mutton and medium wool, or colts that are to sell high. Will it pay to plow less land and lean in the direction of mote grass for better grazers? We think tt will. The very best pastures in Iowa graze a cow to the acre all summer. trotters advertises the State and announces to the world that the horse conditions are here. This assures horse breeders of all kinds that they can safely go on, that if they breed properly and rear properly, they can succeed. Every man should confine himself to the breed he understands and can train best. The farmers can train the young draft horse at work and be paid as he goes along. The trotter has no place in farm economy. Point to one solitary farm boy who ever rose to greatness and took the trotter in his course. The cit}' man needs out-door ex- ei'cise. He can work with trotters. If he j pays too much for his pet he can see it in time to curtail expenses, but to have farmers and their boys fooling with speed horses is out of the question if they are to prosper. The time necessary to train Axteil, by farm boys, even if they could, would take care of 100 head of cattle for nil the time of the training. Let trotters alone. Hear draft horses, carriage horses, cavalry horses for foreign countries, all of them are heavy enough to pay their way by light work, but let the city man fuss with the trotter. ' VKGKTABI,E~AND~BUTTJ2R FAT FOB CALVES. Bulletin 14 of the Iowa experiment station just issued contains a calf feeding experiment that is of interest to Iowa lairy farmers. The cream was skimmed off and the fat thus taken 'away was replaced with vegetable fat. The result was, all things considered, satisfactory. There was a saving of 81.11 a month on each calf during the feeding operation. The station did not at that time have the usu of a centrifugal separator and could not extract all tho fat, but the result shows successful substitution of one fat for another. The gain was 2.04 pounds on an average on the four calves. They were two Holsteins and two Shorthorns, a bull and a heifer of both breeds. The Holstein bull gained 284 pounds and the Holstein heifer 171 pounds. The Shoit- horn bull gained 178 pounds and thft Shorthorn heifer 155 pounds. The bulls were fed whole milk and the heifers skim milk. Individuality figures here. The Tlolstdn bull is an animal of great assimilating powers and made a remark- ablo growth. The skim milk calves were the onus experimented with, and were onco a little indisposed, but on the whole the rnsult Is encouraging to dairy farmers. It is not necessary to have the calves fed on skim milk do as well altogether as those fed on whole milk. It is necessary in order to rear good cattle that they thrive, und thousands of skim milk ' culvc.s do not thrive for want of fat in llicir ration. Tho station will havesepa- nitors to lake out all the fat by the time the ne.\t experiment of this kind is undertaken ami results will be had with pure skim milk and vegetable fat. These economic questions affect every farmer who milks a cow. The calves are, in too many cases, pot-bellied, unthrifty, unprofitable wretches, that do no good to anyone whoever touches them. FUTURE PROGRESS. A panoramic view of Iowa, such as can be had by riding across the State when it is in its summer beauty, impresses one with the enormity of the growing crops as a whole and at the same time suggests inquiry into possibilities of increase and in what directions. We see marked difference in crops of all kinds, and reflect that there must be as marked difference In the profits of growing them. There is very great difference between the best crops and the poorest, between which the average is found. Take ten of the best farmers in any county and the ten poorest, and midway between them is the average farmer. It is a long step from the poorest farmer to the average, and another as long and more difficult to take between the average and the best. The best farmers are well-to-do men surrounded by fine pastures, well tilled fields, good animals and all the comforts with many of the luxuries of life. They are always intelligent men or women. The average farmers have learned to make some of the departments of the farm pay but not all. They thrive, but not so fast as the best farmers. They either miss it on pastures or crops ur in keeping poor animals oi 1 something, and do well on the average becauso of the wonderful soil they live on. They arc; Improving. The poorest farmers we need not describe. Our readers have seen them. The food that coming millions will need is to b« produced on our rich soils. Which of the three classes will Improve fastest? Our hope is in the best farmers. They are observing, experimenting, planning, improving. They give object lessons to farmers who look over the fences and see what is going on. They show at the fairs; they breed and feed to improve; they acclimate seeds; they cultivate thoroughly; they read and consult, and keep at the front. A small per cent of our corn is late because it was not planted soon enough and was not hastened in growth by timely cultivation, and is not being forced along by decomposing vegetation from sod or manure. Corn in whole neighborhoods is late because some good farmer has not taught better ways. Pastures are bare and stock suffering, for want of object lessons. Inferior males head herds because there is not comparison in the neighborhood. The speculators' corn and oats cribs are yawning for the profits of hard working farmers becauso neighborhoodalack farmers who arrange for homo feeding. Then again we see localities where the leaven of improvement has done its work and the coin is well ahead, the pastures fine, the animals well graded and other evidences of profitable farming. SUBSCRIBE.RI6HT NOW! _ ^_ ' , t > "*•' ** '•*"" • i> And by so doing secure the Opening Chapters of our Next Serial, Soon to Appear, entitled: This is one of the most intensely interesting stories recently presented, and is one that will prove itresistible to every reader who peruses the opening lines. WEGMAH PIANO CO. AUBURN/ NEW YORK. The Phenomenal Success Achieved by this Firm is to be attributed toi 1st—The utmost care that is given in selecting and buying none bm the best of materials. 2d—Tho best of workmanship in all their branches. 3d—By the combination and practical use of the most important improvements made. In this manner we effect the most obtainable result in regard to quality and durability. Our instruments have a rich volume of tone, pure and of long sustaining, singing quality. Our cases are double veneered inside and outside, thus avoiding the checking and warping. Our key-bottoms are framed together like a door, and therefore bound to keep straight. Our patent music rack is the plainest and yet most serviceable in existence Our patent fall board is a novelty and of the most practical usefulness. The patent repeating action is highly appreciated by expert players, as well as by scholars. The patent tuning-pin fastening, only used in our pianos, is the most important improvement ever invented; the tuning pin being inserted only in the full iron frame thus lessening the liability of stretching and loosing of the springs, so commonly found in pianos with wooden wrest planks. We cballengo the world that our piano will stand longer in tune than any other made in the ordinary way. Special prices to introduce these pianos where we have no agent. Good agents wanted. Direct all correspondence to J. LISTER, Box 88, GLIDDEN, IOWA, Supt. of Iowa agencies. B7B ETAWWTI V HLbUAN 1 Li By one of the Leading Newspaper Artists of the Country. - We append a few of the illustrations, with brief extracts from the adjoining text, from which some idea can be gathered of the highly dramatic nature of the story. Samuel Gorby, of the Detective Office. The following extract is taken from the introductory paragraphs: 'A crime has been committed by an unknown assassifi, within a short distance of the principal streets of the great city, and is surrounded by an impenetrable mystery. Indeed, from the nature of the crime itself, the place where it was committed, £:id II: e fact that the assassin has escaped without leaving a trace behind him, it vrculd seem as though the case itself had been taken, bodily out of one of GaborGau's novels, and that his famous detective Lecocq only would be able to unravel it. On. the 27th day of July, at tli 3 hour c£ twenty minutes to two o'clock in the morning, a hansom cab drove up to the police station, in Grey street, St. Kilda, and the driver made the startling statement that his cab contained the body of a. man whom he had reason to believe had been murdered." The incidents are then described in detail. letter, however, was not to bo found in the desk, nor was it in the sitting room; they tried the bedroom, but with no better result; so Madge was nearly giving up the search in despair, when suddenly Calton's eye fell on tho v.-cste paper basket, which by some unaccountr.blo reason they had overlooked in their search. fa "How long has that waste paper basket been standing liko that!" ho asked, pointing to it. * * * "Si:: v.-eeks," repeated Calton, with a look at Mad;;?. "Ah, end he got the letter four weeks c<;o. Defend upon it, we shall find it there." Madge gave a cry, and, falling on her knees, emptied the basket out on tho floor, and both she and Calton were soon as busy among the fragments of paper as though they were ragpickers. * * * Suddenly a cry broke from Madge, as she drew out of the mass of paper a half-burnt letter, written t The Half-Burnt Letter. on thick and creamy -looking paper. "At last," she cried, rising off her knees, and •moothing it out. "I knew he had not destroyed it." ' ^ "I'll give you money to Bava me," she ehrieked; "good money—all mine—all mine. See—see—'ere—suverains," and, tearing her pillow open, she took out a camvas bag, and from it poured a gleaming stream of gold. Gold—gold—it rolled all over the bed, over the floor, away into the dark corners, yet no one touched it, so enchained were they by the horrible spectacle of the dying woman clinging to life. She clutched up some of the shining pieces, and held them up to the three men as they stood silently beside the bed, but her hands trembled so that the sovereigns kept falling from them on the floor with metallic clinks. * "All mine—all mine," she shrieked, loudly, "Give me my life—gold—money—cuss ye—I sold my soul for'it—save me—give me my life," and, with trembling hands, she tried to, force the gold on them. They did not say & word, but stood silently looking at her, while the two girls in the corner clung together, • 'I sold My Soul for It." *&& trembled with. fear. W8RRJWTED WftGONS & BUGGIES MANUFACTURED BY If you wish the easiest riding, most durable and attractive .Wagon or Buggy made, ask ywr Dealer to tfaw you these goad, A written warranty fijrmshed with every one. Take »Q 4?ther. You may as w*U have the ££ST. Jt cost§ oo RW?re &aa an inferior IF REVESTED. "Fitzgerald!" gasped Moreland, growing pale. "I—I—what's that?" he shrieked, as he saw Whyte's coat, all weather-stained, lying un a chair near him, and which he immediately recognized. "That is tho rope that's going to hang you," said Kilsip, quietly, coming behind bun, "for the murder of Oliver Whyte." ' 'Trapped, by G '." shouted the wretched man, wheeling round, so as to face Kilsip. He sprang at tho detective's throat, and they both rolled together on the floor," but the latter was too strong for him, and, after a sharp struggle, he succeeded in getting the handcuffs on Moreland's wrists. The others Btood around perfectly quiet, knowing that Kilsip required no assistance. Now that the?) vsa no possibility of escape, Moreland teemed to become resigned, and rose sullenly off the floor. Watch for the Announcement of the Opening Chapters 1 Jon't on Any Account Fail to Read tMs Great Republican Office

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