The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on September 30, 1891 · Page 7
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, September 30, 1891
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THE RKI'UHUC'AN : ALOONA, IOWA, WJUWKHJUAY, SKITJiMBEK ao, ml. and SioctYard. JAMKM v. EC iron. tfhe American hog had to go Into foreign ports or foreign sugar had to pay The hog went. Hogs are decidedly scarcer than they •were a year ago. The scarcity of corn last Winter accounts for it. A year from now they will be bred out again if this -j<Sorn crop fully ripens. i In many parts of Iowa all the rains wo (nave had have not filled the lower sub- •.Iflloils with water. A foot of damp soil at e surface is growing the- crops. We mbt if many places can match this of oura. Good cultivation has con- Remember last spring, and cat corn fodder vigorously. No people on earth have such abundance of winter forage as wo have, if wo will only cut it. One day's Work of a man will cut enough for a cow for all winter if she had nothing else, and what with straw and stalk fields, one mini's work one day will cut enough corn t" make abundance for two or more, iM'int! thought should bo exercised with regard to shocking corn this fall, as there is a probability that late fields may not get ripe before frosts. Cut and shock as soon as tho corn is dented. Put twelve squares in a shock. If frost comes before the corn is dented and while it is in tho soft dough, it might not keep if 144 hills were put in a shock. Judgment must be i-N-prcised here. If frosts do tions deserve and get more consideration now than formerly. A loose soil is best for plant gtowth, but there is not time in spring to plow deep and get the soli warmed up. The fall is the time to plow deep. The winter frosts will do their work, and then shallow culture in the spring and summer is all that, is necessary to grow our best crops. The loss in a measure, of several crops, has cured many farmers of deep plowing In spring, but a mistake will be made if shallow plowing also Is done in the fall. Served tho moisture bv preventing cvan- i Come DQ * oretlae cutting is completed, no _.__ 1.1 _,u »• J. O 1 i f. t *vin IM i._ 1 ». oration. , Well, tho rush of summer is over. Ev- -jerybody on tho farm has worked hard, jindoors or out. Let up a little. Take [the women and young people where they itirould °«Joy going. Look about your- tlme is to be lost, as frosts crack the stalks and evaporation soon dries them up. Do not worry over the corn after it is j cut and in shock. If it is well shocked | It will keep. We have cut it and let it and see what improvements you can ; Stand " ntil WG Wft nted it along in Decem- in other people's fnrms. Be sure ber Efld Jailuar y f or the last twenty-flvo years and never had a shock spoil. ..orou will learn something. And see if teomo neighbor has been unfortunate, and lend a hand in work or otherwise. Prosperity on tho farm takes many •farmers to town to live. Good reasons • lean be given, but, on the whole, we -doubt tho outcome. The retired farmer [has not enough to do In town. He is out • ; of his element. The Ohio Farmer dis- jcusses the subject and tells of retired [farmers who lost all they had In town •ventures. Girl help In the house is tho iprominent cause of sending country fam- jilies to town. Our good wives must consider the wisdom of having the baking ; and washing and ironing clone at a local -establishment and then farm life, will be more tolerable for tho women. We think "the farm is the happiest place on earth. Texans and common grade natives are ! •no higher in Chicago than they were a .•year ago but the best grades sell $1 high- j •er. This is very suggestive. We think ; •it would pay farmers who have poor i stock to make selections and arrange to Wo never husked what we wanted to feed. As long as the hogs are healthy they will clean up all the waste kernels fed on a clean hill-side. We never hauled to stack or cut up. That may pay. We write for the farmer who has not cutting machines and desires to winter stock cheaply. Corn fodder can absorb a deal of work, but the old fashioned way of hauling it when you feed it is quite cheap and satisfactory. If you sow wheat this fall prepare the ground thoroughly and use your land that is in the very best condition. Wheat never pays on poor land nor on illy prepared land. It is particular about food und soil conditions. It has come down the centuries with man, and always had the choice field to grow in. Once in four, five or six years is as often as it can be profitably grown on the same land. It exhausts, and the land must be recuperated for its growing again. • People wondered, in the early settlement of Iowa, UKl'KATEO CROPS. An acre of land can be made to yield repeated crops of the same plant In the same season, If wo do not permit any of them to ripen. Clover heavily manured will be flt to cut In June, and once a month during the growing season, provided plenty of moisture is present. Oats and rye can be cut repeatedly if wo do not allow them to mature too much bo- fore beginning. Pens will grow up rankly if cut about the time the llrst blossoms appear. The cut stalks will not grow again, but the plant will send up new shoots from the seat of lifo at the ground. Wintering plants like rye, wheat and clover afford the curliest swards, having roots already established when spring comes. These facts aru pertinent when we desire to supplement a dried up pasture. Europeans have for many years resorted to green fond of this nature when land is valuable, as it is now with us in many localities. We have in Iowa two seasons when growth stops; the heat of summer brings the one and the cold of winter brings the other. First class pastures defy both, but everybody can not supply them. A few acres in crops that can be cut repeatedly are the best substitute for ample pastures and in some lands take their place in great measure. Iowa farmers can with profit prepare a few such acres. When we come to the period of saving our liquid manures we will apply them to such acres after each cutting. MOVING TO TOWX. There is a movement all over the State , 5t woul <! not grow wheat perpetual- I r °™ countr J* to town. Twenty years' get rid of what will not breed the best ly - No so11 will, unless it be some chance work on IU1 Iowa farm - intelligent- classes when they are fed for it. We ' Gpot tiiat has very great surplus of nitro- would not sell now off the grass because j " en ' carbonic acid and potash. Winter the ranges aresupplyhig the market with 1 wncat sowing In parts of Iowa is being 1 that kind of beef. We would hold until j dela y e <* by drouth. It will be late after the range supply stops, i'eed some of the j tne 25t& of September, but unless rains corn crop that is abundant to them and • SUould c °me we do not see how lands can get all out of them possible, but we would i be P re P ar od at that date, get rid of them. Let people who have ~ not plenty of everything in tho line of ly employed with economy practiced, secures a competence, and a large per cent, of the well-to-do farmers move into town. There is not a half nor a quarter of well- oft' farmers who abandon their farms, but every city, town and village in the State is getting its quota. Small towns have twenty or thirty and larger towns have still more. It is, as far as we can learn, feed sell poor stuff.' The Cornell experiment station finds that setting milk in Cooley cans in ice water at forty-four degrees temperature, the average per cent, of fat left in the skim milk from sixteen trials was .28. The next most effective way was .setting in shallow pans at sixty and sixty-four degrees, when .48 per cent, of fat was found in the skirn milk. They tried diluting with water and found no advantage. Cows long in milk gave most trouble in the rising of cream, but when milk from fresher cows was added, the whole creamed better. This is well known to practical dairymen, and tho milk from a fresh cow in the fall is worth more than its fat test value i'or mixing with stripper's milk. A few fresh cows help not only the creaming but tho churning. There is much to learn of tho growth of Iowa farms by visiting county fairs. There is marked improvement in all domestic animals. The lists are more fully ,rounded out. There arc more herds and 1 Jbetter assortments. Tho county fair is a ' clean place now to visit. There is very ilittle of tho cheap-John features, common years ago. We doubt the value of sensations and sensational exhibits. The balloon is used to bring a crowd, but it has jfo educational lesson. We think the .straight industrial exhibit can bo made If hogs begin looking sick, wo suggest a change of quarters to some new place ^peculiar to this country and to the north- not occupied recently by them. We have j western States. Southrons live on their farm Then had sick hogs on one part of the and healthy hogs on other parts, don't keep too many hogs any way. Try a few sheep. We think sheep in the long run pay as well as hogs. Rememb.er that tho farm needs far more corn for hogs than sheep, nnd more hard work. The sheep pens, or quarters, could be used for hogs and the hog quarters given to the sheep. Certain parwfiites attend all. animals, but none are common to sheep and hogs. Pests multiply when one animal lodges too Ions in one place. Even crops must be rotated to get rid of weeds and insects. High feeding animals like hogs create filthy surroundings if kept perpetually in one place, and it is not easy to avoid it. Certain weeds grow where hogs frequent; sheep will trim them up. Rotate the animals as well as the crops for pretty much the same reason. Even man must flit to bring out all good people, and tho jthoughtless will generally follow. If enough farmers and business men tike •hold, the fair is always a success. The foot and mouth disease that has icted cattle In different parts of Iowa a very different thing from the Euro- jpean plague of that name. It affects the feet and mouths, but is not so actively Contagious as the foreign sort. The regular historical foot and mouth disease is Bpmmunloated to cattle that merely cross |j£e road along which animals afflicted Ijrtth it have been driven, as was proven pit Portland, Maine, uome years ago. The Qltripls veterinarians think it is caused >y «omething In the grass. Dr. Stalker U not Alarmed about it. He thinks it not be serious. Cattle affected yield *eadily to treatment of mild nature. We jflo |»9t understand the nature of all the tplanVs that grow in the West nor the ef- [fcct of changing lane] and water coodt- that develop new discuses. There is room for a little better plowing than is- usually done. Plow straight, plow an even depth, leave, no balks, cover all the growth found on tho stubble, completely, and do not make a trench at the finish nor a ridge at tho beginning. It is primitive to go round a field. It results, after a few plowings, in trenches from all tho corners toward the center that are not pretty, and banks up the field against the fences. Have tho plow hitched so that it will run without holding. Hitch the team as close to it at practicable. See that no soil lodges in tho cavity near the point. Plow as early in the fall as possible, BO that the weed seeds may sprout and so that the veget*. tion plowed under may begin to decompose and be flt for plant food early next spring. If the land is level and subject to overflow, plow toward the natural drainage, as dead furrows apt as surface drains. These are hints for the boys. Since the days of Horace Greeley, the question of deep and shallow plowing has been well aired. Each locality must decide for Itself. We think shallow plowing in the spring for corn is determined upon in Iowa, but we lean to the opinion that the plow should go deeper in the fall. A soil well pulverized is best for resisting drouth, and ours is a dry climate compared with many. Soil condi* i plantations even when they are in pro- j fessional life. Eastern farmers can not I make enough in half a life time to retire | from work. It is an interesting study to |,inquire into the reasons for this. Our • women are the prime cause, and want of \ help on the farm, this factor that impels ; them in most instances, while early town • training has some influence in the movement. The farms suffer . when families of this class turn them over to renters or toyoung people. Men do the best work of their lives, not when they have most bodily vigor, but when their mental faculties are ripest. The Iowa farm has been exacting upon women and they richly deserve rest in declining years, but if conditions so modify that life can be spent by old people comfortably in the homes they built among the trees they planted, in pursuance of congenial affairs, it will be more pleasantly passed than in the corporate town with its noise and newness. Country life is becoming attractive to town people and it is common to see business men invest in farms, get stock, plant and plan, and live longer and enjoy more. But only the successful town people can afford to do this. Our people have been a moving, selling- out people. We think the future will see more stability in this regard. The homo will have more sacredness and the farm homes of Iowa are being, in yery many instances, made more attractive. We would advise farmers to act a little cunning in this regard. When madam becomes restless, provide a nice horse and carriage for her, and insist that the one thing you have been working for is to see her drive off to town as often aa she pleases. You stay at home. Let her have the pocket-book along and do family business, and tell her the colors you admire in her dresses. She may conclude to stay on the farm. A REVIVING INDUSTRY. He who keeps informed regarding the growth of the State of low* in her several lines of Industry has a liberal education. The surprises one gets by travel in our counties are incessant. We had heard of Delaware county as the place where the low* butter was made that first beat the nation and arrested the attention of the world to a sew <Jevelop- mcnt In a new Ftate of more promise far than the discovery of the consolidated Comutock mines. Without visiting the county we judged from what came to the public now and then that it had a choice farming community. We have not been disappointed in them. We observe with pleasure the breadth of farmers Who have become wealthy through intelligent farming—dairy farming. In riding over the county to get a clear Idea of its dairy interests, what dairy ing is doing for the people, and what other departments of the farm are cfirried on parallel with the dairy, we lighted upon a feature of industry near Manchester that struck us with trip hammer force. We found a woolen mill in full operation that • begun when Iowa people bought their first sheep and has been in active onni-ation ever since. The mill runs to work up Iowa wool and make gornls for Iowa farmers to wear—and such goods. Wo have been told repeatedly that (he manufacture of wool in Iowa from Iowa sheep into cloths i'or Iowa people's wearing is not practical. We point to the mill near Manchester and in this connection hold out the hope to our farmers who are investing in wool and mutton sheep that it is entirely practical to ruf. woolen mills in Iowa, on Iowa water powers, and sell the goods to tha Iowa farmers. Money is accumulating in Iowa. The farmers who borrowed money ten years ago aro now seeking investments for money made on Iowa farms. The principles of transportation are settled. A factory can get fair rates from any point. We will have millions of pounds of wool in a few years for manufacture, considering the rate at which wool and mutton sheep arc being bought and bred. It would be wise to look int< this branch ot industry as a proper in vestment. IkU remember one thing skill is required. Mr. Jones, who has made a success at Manchester where others failed, learned the trade in Wales Of course he is more than an ordinal-; man. He is one of the heroes who g. through where others stick. But where he lias succeeded in years of depression and scarce, money and high interest, oth crs who learn tho trade may follow witl n sheep interest created r.new, plenty o wool in prospect and better wool, mone> much cheaper and labor in prospect mucl plentier. We have no doubt of Iowa's doing much manufacturing in time. I is only a question whether it will bft in our time. THE WHEAT CKOP. Statistician Dodge is emphatic in ttll- Ing our people that our capacity for wheat production is boundless. Prices promise to keep up because foreign crops are below the average. Profits to American farmers promise good because of tha poor outlook for foreign crops and because our crops are above the average. He warns against the hope of better prices on account of growing population, thinking that our possible increase in wheat acreage is as great as our probable increase in mouths to fill. We do not agree with Mr. Dodge. If he will look back over his own reports he will find that this coining wheat crop is no larger than the crop of several years ago. The Increase this year happens because it L-ained in the dry latitudes. It may happen to be dry next year. It would be interesting to have a key to the wheat averages. He reports one State 89, another 05, another 77, the general average 92.0. On what amount is this based? What is the unit for the average? Another thought arises here. Who tells Dodge of the condition of crops? The Depart ment has had anything but practical farmers on it's reporting staff heretofore. It would be consoling to know that the government has ability in use when it goes counter to tho opinion of a majority of close observers on the farms. Intelligent men know that our available wheat lands aro nearly exhausted—that our national average is down to twelve bushels an acre; that tho reasonable hope of increased wheat totals depends on an entirely different way of farming for wheat; that wheat is now mostly produced by the robber system, and has destroyed the ability of land to grow wheat out to the Pacific; that our people will be fed through better management on the older settled farms of the country, instead of from breaking up and robbing more new land. Mr. Dodge does not mention Iowa, although we produce over twenty million bushels per year. Information regarding wheat to bo of value should note how fast wheat is being extended over the older settled portions of the country, by rotation of crops, by assosiation with stock on the same farm, by manuring, by cloverlng and other methods. Guesses about averages, based on abstract averages, that rest on other averages, are of no value whatever, How much wheat is grown at tb<j saqriflce of the soil; how much is grqvo through systems thai WARRANTED WAGONS *» BUGGIES MANUFACTURED flY yow ylsb the easiest riding, mo% durable and at tractive «op or jt?# these fWfa 4 mitten farranty one. Take «f> other. You may as II costs w WtG.th&* »fl inferior y{atr ig thlfw with every the 'ED. keep the soils good or improves them —tell us of these things and we will do our own guessing about population. We want facts Instead of theories, and facts told so plainly that all can understand them. Wo venture the assertion that not more than one in ton thousand knows what the averages are based upon. THE 8II,O. The preservation of corn in the silo is n common method of saving it for winter feeding. It will soon be time to go about it for this year. For the benefit of farmers who think of using this plan of economizing feed we will look up authorities a little. Prof. Henry says: "Them is danger of relying too much upon corn ensilage. If this practice is kept up wo believe that serious results may ensue. The silo goes with high-pressure farming." He says further: "Those who are satisfied to carry no more cattle than can consume the straw and corn stalks * * have little need of a change." The small farmer who keeps cows and desires to make the most of everything resorts to the silo, and where he understands curing, it pays him. Ensilage well made is palatable, more sc than fodder corn, while repeated experiments have not yet decided whether corn fodder or corn ensilage make the most milk. In building a silo it is well settled that a wooden wall is as good as anything else. The air must be excluded. Tarred felt between boards is most successful. Ventilation must be provided. Earth is sufficient for the Uoo.r, but it must not be subject to seep water. The weight of opinion as to the time to cut corn for siloing is when it is glaxecl. It is not necessary to wilt the corn before cutting it up into inch lengths and filling the silo. It is not necessary to fill the silo partially and wait a day or two before putting in more. After the silo is full put a foot or two of cut straw or chaff from the thresher or hay over it. The common field corn suitable to the latitude is the best ensilage com, and the time generally conceded to be best for cutting is when the corn has dented, 01 about the time when shock corn should be cut. Corn is then mature. The husks are turning white. There are about ten days to fill the silo or make shocks. The more solidly' the corn is packed, the less air and less fermentation. Too much fermentation injures the ensilage. Immature corn makes sour ensilage, and scours the cattle. Good, sweet ensilage is made from mature corn, such as farmers cut and put in shocks. We doubt whether it would pay Iowa beef and mutton feeders to make ensilage, at least until they cut up all their corn for fodder, and utilize it all that way, first. The silo is an advantage to the dairyman, as it makes corn fodder more soft, juicy and palatable, and takes the place of boiling, steaming and root feeding, We do not believe it equals steaming, but steaming is too expensive for most farmers. It is not a new discovery, but an old principle applied to new plants and uses, and the best informed concerning it are most conservative in its use. We would advise every dairyman to feed some of it, and by all means use bran or oil meal or clover hay with it, as the nature of the corn plant is not perfected by siloing, as a ration. Confidence. He was the sixth this summer. A» they sat in tlie hammock together his good right arm stole slowly arotittd her slender waist, and ho whispered, "This ia what 1 cull 'making glad the waste places.'" "Oh, no: I wouldn't call it that," she said softly. "Why not, darting?" •'Because—because a waste place is one that has never been cultivated before. "—-Pil.tsbnrg Dispatch. The Summer Cottage. 1. —Life. UeckleHS Lightning. Uncle Mose—Big thunderstorm yesterday. Lightnin struck me right on de head. Employer—You don't say so! Get hurt much? Uncle Alose—Ghiess it did. I reckon nex time flat liglituin will look to see whar it's goin.—Good News. True Love. "Ah, Bertha, i am awfully unhappy I You know how deeply in love I am with Mr. Drawtooth, the dentist. Well, I've tried everything to make him aware of iny passion. I've already allowed him to pull out six good teeth, and still he has not yet made any sign of proposing." •—Fliegende Blatter. This space is • reserved for Dr L. K. Garfielcl, who will sell U tiny bicycle not ! represented by . Agts. hiAIgonu/ Preparing for the Worst. (Two days before Whit Monday, when visitors are expected). "Dear ine, the sky is quite overcast again; Lotte, put a little more butter into the cake." "But. why, mother?;' . "Because we shall very likely have to eat it ourselves!"—Zeitgeist. She Was All BljjUt. Father—i say, Fred, why don't you make love to that pretty Miss St. Cyr? Son—1 don't like he*, papa. She said I was green, don't you know. Father (commiserutingly)—Well, well, tny boy, you can't say she was color blind, can you?—Truth. Plenty Left DeWilkens—No, Miss Tomkins, I am afraid you won't see much of me, because, you see. I am up to my ears in work. Miss Tomkins—Oh, I am sure we can still see a {, r veat deal of you then.—Life. Not <ioocl nt Guessing, Miss Passee (sweetly)—Do you think you could guess iny age? Mr. G-oodfello (honestly)—I'm not good at guessing ages. I couldn't come within forty years of it.—New York Weekly. A Paradox. There is a poor man in Atchison who eays he has no desire to be rich. He is also a liar.—Atchison Globe. A Comforting Reflection. The love of the man who marries for money is founded upon the rocks.—Pittsburg Press. LEGAL BLANKS o FOB SALE-—o At REPUBLICAN OFFICE THE WEGMAB PIMO CO. AUBURN, NEW YORK, The Phenomenal Success Achieved by this Firm is to be attributed to; 1st—The utmost care that is given in selecting and buying none but the best of materials. 3d—The best of workmanship ia all their branches. 3d—By the combination and practical use of the most important }m. provements made. In this manner we effect the most obtainable result in regard to qunllty and durability. Our instruments have a rich volume of tone, pure and of long sustaining, sieging quality. Our cases are double veneered inside and outside, thus avojdjng $& checking and warping. Our key-bottoms are framed together like a door, and therefore bound to keep straight. Our patent music rack is the plainest and yet most serviceable In e»lstejict Our pateat fall board is a novelty a»4 of the most practical usefulaesa, The patent repeating action is highly appreciated by expert payers, as well as by scholars. «~ * *•* , Tbe patent tuning-pia fastening, only used io our pianos, ia the important improvement ever invented; the tuning pin twlng iaaerted in the full iron frame thus lesaeuiag the liability of stretcbiog awl lo of^eivrU^sQcomiaonjyfw^ We challenge the world tfeat oyr pjaoo wil) stand longer In tujje in ^^

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