The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 31, 1954 · Page 5
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December 31, 1954

The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 5

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, December 31, 1954
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FRIDAY, DECEMBER 31,'1954 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE FIVE RE VIEW»»° FORECAST Local Farmers Cautiously Eyeing Irrigation Plans Are Mississippi County fanners making a careful reappraisal of irrigation benefits and costs? Such certainly would seem the case as the farmer has moved cautiously in applying for loans through the Farmers Home Administration. To date, only one application has been tiled with the FHA. which secures loans on irrigation equipment and makes them available to farmers. Under the PHA loan system, loans may run as long as 20 years and carry 414 percent interest. However, most of them are made for three to five years. One big catch to the loan program is the fact that PHA requires the loan to be amply secured by real estate mortgages. This makes it quite difficult for many renters to qualify Although PHA spokesmen in Osceola say they are expecting a May and June rush in the event of a dry spring, there are several reasons why the farmer may be slowing in his rush toward irrigation. But first, it is clear that after going through three years of drought, there hardly breathes a farmer who doesn't apreciate the value of irrigation. And tests have proved conclusively, and to most farmers' satisfaction, that yields are increased by irrigation. Some Questions However, they are beginning to question the practicability of sprinkler irrigation for row crops . . . and especially on heavy land. Moving irrigation pipe about in 100-degree delta humidity it often quite a job, especially in a cultivated field which has been saturated with water. In earlier days, when labor was not so dear, this wouldn't have been quite the consideration it is now. But one farmer reported an entire crew "disappeared" after an afternoon of wrestling the light pipes in the muddy fields. But a farmer still may have his irrigation without hU pipe. . . if he has the money to do it. Furrow Is Answer Furrow irrigation has emerged as the apple of the farmer's eye. It is simple and effective, but it has its drawbacks in time and money on many farms. Most often meticulous land preparation is necessary. This may run from $50 to $100 per acre and, unlike sprinkler systems, the farmer can't decide in late May or June to install it for the current year. Aid to the extent of $5 per acre may be received through the county Agriculture Stabilization office, which helps, but not much. Perhaps the years' largest irrigation meeting was put on down in Clarksdale, Miss., where over 1,000 farmers got together earlier this month. They heard Dr. Ivan Wood encourage them to be cautious in get- LET US PAY 1 / 2 on YOUR DIESEL FUEL BILL! That's right! On any new Oliver diesel tractor bought here, We will pay one-half of your diesel fuel bill for that tractor until June 1, 1955. Come in today and take advantage of this money saving offer. And remember— there's an Oliver tractor for the job you need done. 4 SIZES OF OLIVER TRACTORS AVAILABLE See Our New CULTIVATOR FARMER'S IMPLEMENT CO. 900 N. Sixth Ph. 3-8166 THE TRACTOR WITH PROFIT-MAKING Here cornea the bright Persian orange WD-45 Tractor that's showing farmers everywhere how much big tractor power has been improved. The Allis-Chalmers tractor weighs in at several hundred pounds less than others in its class. It replaces dead weight with aggressive power, new punch and staying power. Round after round ... no matter how tough the soil conditions, the WD-45 transfers rear-mounted implement weight automatically with Traction Booster to the rear wheels where it counts most. Try the Allis-Chalmers WD-45 ... you owe it to yourself to learn how different your farming can be with the new 3-plow champion. Tune in National Farm no* Homt Hour — ,ry Snlurdor — NIC ( flLLIS CHflLMERS ) • \* itUi AND ifKVICI ^J °™ dsKuM IMPLEMENT > Hardware, & Seed Company ' Blythcvillc, Ark. Ph. 3-1-1 ting into irrigation. Dr. Woodls Irrigation specialist of the Federal Extension Service, Denver. He urged careful planning and advised puling 60 to 100 acres, in irrigation each year rather than going into it on a large scale with no previous experience. The farmer's status with regard to the speed of his tax write-off on irrigation equipment is somewhat questionable. Local tax authorities point out that In other areas, it has been customary to depreciate the equipment over a 10-year period. However, it was pointed out. a curved line depreciation method would grant a faster recovery during the earlier years of the equipment's use. There have been instances where the motor was depreciated in five years. But the usual procedure is to set up well and equipment on c, ten-year depreciation schedule. Faster depreciation may be approved however as a slight relaxation in regard to depreciation schedules has been noted on the part of the Bureau of Internal Rev- enue of Me. Any way he goes, the farmer is finding he gets into relatively big money fast in irrigation. He sees It ns a good thing, but his more conservative nature makes him wary of plunging into debt. What's the answer? Some men are convinced they'll sooner or later. Therefore, they are planning a long range (six to eight-year) program which will result in getting their land leveled for row irrigation. Since, as noted above, expense of this may -run high, they will prepare a 20 or a 40-ncre tract ihis year, and more or less next, depending on their money situation from year to year. Thus, many are working toward irrigation and hope to have it some day. They just aren't quite sure they want to mortage their property to do it. Too many of them have been i hustling pretty hard these past ] five or ten years paying off mort- ages anyway. On Missco Farms By H. H. CARTER, Assistant County Agent Happy New Year In our good old U. S. A, there is always new hope for the future. Maybe next year will be better! Maybe this time I'll hit! I hope so. Our work has been pleastant with all of you. We share with you the joys of success. We plan and hope with you to make improvements, make the jobs easier, share the rruits of research and to improve our everyday relations with each other. So, I do wish you a good year n 1955. If we can help you, your friends or your community, just ive us the chance. lt>0 Bushel Soybeans For years a soybean farmer com- nittee and the Junior Chamber of Commerce sponsored a 5-acre soybean yield contest. We had two objectives: (1) To prove that Mississippi County could produce soybeans as well as any section of the United States, and (2) find out what wouM contribute to higher yields. I just about failed in both. The best yields we could get were around 49 bushels per acre. iAn Indiana f annul has produced 61 bushels per acre.) The only thing we ever found to eally improve yields were to grow Ogdens instead of Arksoys and Ral- ioys. Now a Japanese farmer shows u- c how he produced 100.9 bushels of soybeans per acre: He planted well inoculated Ska- saya seed in a well manured seed bed, (like a tobacco bed in America) on May 24. On June 15 these plants were lifted from the bed, topped back to just below the first, compound leal and hand planted 20 inches apart in a well manured field. The beans were irrigated. The rows were 30 inches wide. They were harvested by hand. Talk to your wife and -see if she will set out and top about 100 acres of soybeans for us next spring! AU of the rice and soybeans transplanting is done by women. Deeper Plowing \VHI Pay Reports from all over are something like this, "Where I broke my land this fall, no water is standing. Water was still standing in cotton middles Thursday p.m." Bill Wyatt says, "I broke part ol a field deep with a disc breaker last spring and partly with mole board breakers. I planted soybeans and harvested twice as many where the disc breaker was used. The deep breaking is the only possible thing I can account for the difference." Richard and Nick Rose of Roseland are the strongest believers in deep breaking. Several people told JIIR about their very deep breaking last winter. Now, the report is they made one of the best yields in years ,in spite of drouth. Theory of some is that anything done the past two years to help the soil absorb more of the moisture that did fall, got some extra bene- lit in better yields. Disc breaking definitely breaks up the "plow-sole" compacted area, if you have one. Year and Vislion Who visited the county agent's office this week, and what did they want? Well— T. R. Randolph, Clear Lake, wanted to know where the three certified strawberry plant growers lived at LenchviUe. John B. Webster—Osceola Times -wanted pictures and to reprint our irrigation story from the December issue of the Progressive Farmer. Thomas Bodgers (colored), Bly- (heville, wanted to know how he gets liability insurance on his car. Said his son had a wreck without insurance during Christmas and it was bad, Paul Hughes, Blytheville, concerned about freight rate differentials. Wonders if Farm Bureau would help fight for something more equitable. Freight rates on soy beans from h ere North, say to Chicago, is about 38c per bushel. Chicago can turn around and ship the same beans clear to Mobile for export at jibout 20c. Mississippi County soybean producers really take a licking on their two to three million bushel soybean corporation, due to. this inequity. Mr. Seay and ,Mr. Westbrook came at my invitation to discuss well and irrigation problems. Earl Wilrly, Rt. 1, Leachville, ordered more registered Lee soybeans Both Major and Minor Changes in Tax Code Viewed as Beneficial to the American Farmer filing By FRANK O'HUlIiN WASHINGTON (AP) — One major change and many minor revisions in the federal personal income tax law will benefit the American farmer. And, like the rest of us, he will be helped by 14 major changes — all of them in favor of the taxpayer — which were written into the law by the 83rd Congress. But deadlines come earlier for farm income, and at least one decision must be made by Jan. 15. Every citizen, or resident, of the United States wno In 1954 had $600 total income ($1,200 in the case of those 65 years or older) must file ,n income tax return. That applies :o children as well as adults. The one major change which applies particularly to the farmer Is a provision under which soil and water conservation expenses can be deducted from the farmer's taxable Income. Under the old code, the farmer could feet tax benefit for such expenditures only when tie sold his improved land. The farmer's income tax report can get pretty complicated. During tax payment time, the revenue service spots as many of its personnel about the country as it can ns free tax counselors. They can be located through your local bank, post office or county agent. The revenue service has mailed everyone who filed a 1953 farmer's Income tax report the special forms for farmers for 1054. With the forms comes an instruction booklet. In addition the revenue service has on salt;, for -5 cents t post offices and banks, a plain- English booklet culled "Your Fed- ml Income Tux." This has a special 10-paRo section for fanners. The farmer may use only Form 1040, either as a short form or ong form. Here Is how dates for vork under the new law: 1. The farmer who ha.s not cstl- natccl his 195-1 tax, nnd IHI.S not nade quarterly payments, or the armor who wishes to skip the Jan. 15, 1055. payment on his esti- nated 1954 tux. must file the final 954 tax return, Form 1040, and my up in full by Jan. 31, 1055. 2. The fanner who hit.s followed h e estimating procedure, and nafces the Jan. 15. 1955, quarterly myment of his estimated tux liability, has until April 15 to file iis final return, and make any further payment required by his ictual income. The farmer who decides to file i declaration of estimated tax for 1955 and pay his estimated tux in from the Arkansas Seed Council. Also he donnted 300 pounds silage for University of Arkansas research. They are developing a quick test for feed values In silage. H. O. Knappenbcrgcr, Blytheville. M. ft. Griffin, Dell, and Mrs. Butonne Jacks, our former secretary, all came in for social visits and good wishes. Harry Haines, Blytheville, called for Irrigation ideas Chris TompkinsjBurdette. dls- :ussed New York Farm Bureau convention and possibility that new location of Highway 61 would spill their place wide open. Stanton Pepper, Huffman, called and wanted to know where he could get some certified Dorman soybean seed. I said, "Try John Stevens. Dell, Charles Rose of Roscland or Earl Wildy at Leachville." with cotton acreage cut, he IB going back In hog business. Boy Davis, Promised Land, wanted to know about hog price outlook for another year. Dalter Daniels, Agriculture Stabilization Conservation administrator, gave me a report, on the 70 per cent of parity support prices on small grains and grain sorghums for 1955. L. O. Nash, Blytheville, delivered $500 worth of 4-H Club calendar* for club memberi In 1966. M. J. Koehler, DcU, asked about siphon tubes and low pressure gated pipes for furrow Irrigation. J. N. Smotherman, Blytheville, showed real pride In his new Job as a representative to the Farm Bureau Insurance program. Doyle Henderson, Blytheville, applied for some registered soybean seed. Clarence Bcoggins, Manila, so. test* came in from University ol Arkansas laboratory. Jack Robinson, Blytheville, wanted to locate some Dorman soybear. seed. Vance Dlxon, New Liberty, wanted to know If I would fertilize cotton next year if I were farming his place. Yes, I would, even though results may have been questionable In 1954. William Wyatt, Yarbro, discussing certain Arkansas Farm Bureau resolution!]. He speaks In Little Rock, January 6 or 7. Next season, farming will go lots faster . , . lots easier i( all the "horses" in your John Deere Traclor are hard al work. Lei us give your tractor a Ihorourjh between-season check-over now. You'll get the fop-noich performance you need during the season ahead. Our skilled mechanics, trained in servicing methods recommended by John Deere, will do only the work (hat's necessary— grind valves . . . adjust lappels, brakes, bearings . . . lighten loose parls . . . clean the car- buretor and cooling system , . . give (ho engine a complete tune up. All parts required will be replaced with only genuine John. Deere parts; they fit right, work properly, last longer. Remember—our shop is the only shop in this community that offers you the combination of Genuine John Deere parfs, precision tools and (rained mechanics. Lot's make a service date the next time you're in town. MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO. South Highway 61 Phone 3-4434 BUY ONff SfHff/Kjym DEERE PARTS -THEY FIT AND WEAR UKE THE ORIGINALS! four installments must get his declaration Into the director's office by April 15, 1955. The flrft quarterly payment Is also due no la- tor Umn April 15. The other three piiynu'iits on (lie estimated tux tall must be equal quarters) will be due June 15 nnd Sept, 15, 1955, and Jan. 16, 1956. The farmer's exemptions arc the sumo ns for other taxpayers, and he benefits like others from new exemption provisions: One new exemption provision for students in on-fumi training; helps ihe farmer particularly. Tlit?re are three classes of exemptions—(U for man jmd wife; t2) for children of the taxpayer; and (3) for dependents other than children. The instruction booklet (iocs exhaustively into all three classes. Kadi exemption sets aside $fiOt) of your income from taxation. The new exemption provisions u re: 1. Previously H, child could be claimed as an exemption only 1! he earned less than $1300 during the child to be an exemption regardless of how much income ha lias if: (A) the child is under 19 years of age; or (B) is a student u'ogardless of age) at a recognized education institution or ia diking on-furm training supervised by accredited schools, or on-farm training of a state o f apolitical subdivision (a county, for instance; and (C) the taxpayer provides over half the child's support. a.The second exemption change adds t\vo new dependents who may be claimed if they meet two other tests (receive over hall their support from the taxpayer and receive less than $600 income during the year). One Is for any person supported by the taxpayer, even if not related, who has his principal place of residence, with the taxpayer and is a member of the taxpayer's household (this excludes hired help). The other Ls for the cousin of a taxpayer when the cousin Li yetting institutional care for physical or mental disability and was previously a member of the tax year. The new Jaw allows the taxpayer's household. JOINS 1TCA—Conrad White has been uamiitl Lo the staff oE Planters Production Credit Association as a full time Held man, ft has been announced. Coming from Prcscott, Ark., he will devote most of his time l.o field activities, advising with funnei-H on their credit problems. He hns a dCBWt: in uKftuulturc from Oklahoma A. ife M. and will assume duties Jan. 1. Make Quarterly Tax Estimate? File by Jan. 15 WASHINGTON M*j—Although the income t.'ix law hius been changed, the deadline still Is .Ian. 15, 1055. for people who should huvi: filer! quarterly cKtimules Ibis year but railed to tlo so. The tax law passed earlier this year chmiKes these deadlines to Jan, 31 ami Feb. 15 respectively. The chillies du not take (-'ITect, however, until payments are disc In 195(3 (in 1955 Income. Til'' As- | Kociated Press reported incorrectly In a. Dec. 24 story that the changes were effective lor returns on 1954 income. BUTANE FOR Better Engine Power More Power, No carbon or crnnkcase oil dilution, Reduces lie-pairs, Longer I/ifc and still more economical than any fuel on the market. Too it is a better fuel— "No Tax Problem." Buy A new I,P Gas Tractor. Have your present Truclor, (Jollon Picker and Combines Converted to burn liutanc Gas. Century Gas Carburetion has proven belter nnd cheaper in operation. It makes a neat installation. Ask your implement Dealer about Butane or contact us for Detailed Information. Weis Butane Gas Co. CENTURY DISTRIBUTORS Hiway fi] South —Rlylhevillc, Ark.— Phone 3-3301 Introducing... Planters Production Credit Association is increasing its service to Mississippi County Farmers by employing Conrad While as a full time field man. Mr. White has a degree in Agriculture from Oklahoma A&M College, and is a successful cotton and cattle farmer ... he is thoroughly familiar with agricultural financing and ready to advise you with your farm credit problems. A Farmer Owned CREDIT INSTITUTION Serving All Mississippi County CONRAD WHITE PLANTERS PRODUCTION CREDIT ASSOCIATION Crop Production - Farm Equipment - Loans Offices in Farm Credit Building, Oseeola — Glencoe Horel, Blyfhevjll^

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