The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on September 23, 1891 · Page 7
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, September 23, 1891
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Page 7
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THE REPUBLICAN: ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2.3, mi. ADDITIONAL BANCHOFT ADVJSRTlSSMBSTti. THE FARMERS' AND TRADERS' Will Soon bo Complete in Its New Coat of Colors. With its new .Fire-proof Vault, new hank furniture and more room, they will be able to satisfy the wants of their ctis omera. ;• 5 neral banking' business transacted. Foreign and Domestic Exchange bought and sold. Tickets to and from all ports of Europe. Collections a specialty. Your business solicited. In this building also will be found the ESTABLISHED 1.881. Acres of Land for sale or rent. Village property for sale or rent. We have for the past ten years been constantly reminding those without a good home that the fertile soil of Northern Iowa would not always be in reach of the average home seeker, and hundreds of the wise have heeded our advice and secured homes for their families. These are now rejoicing. There is yet room forMmndreds more, but time is precious, as land all over Iowa is fast advancing in price and will soon be too high for men of little means. Correspond wi"ch or come and see us at once and we will do you good. In Richmond'.'^ IJjusk Block. BANC11OFT, IOWA. VV ^v?M fill W i,' ri^-.'jJ VjV 1 Uu« * OjlTl mt&l U.M HKU H.J y&ftl, HEW YOHK. The. PheiMnal SIIOGOSS Acliiayeil by f his Finn is to be attributed to: 1st—The utmost c.s\ru that is given in selecting ;imn>uying- norm hul the best of materials. 2(1—Tim best of wirkiHimship in all their branches. 3d—By tho combination and practical nsu of the most important im provemenlg made. In this manner we effect, the most obtainable result in regard to quality and durability. Our instruments have u'rich volume of tone, pure and of long sustaining, singling quality. Our cases are double voiiceu'd inside and nutsidi*, thus avoiding the checking and warping.' Our key-bottoms iiru framed together like u door, and therefore bound to keep straight. Our patent music rack is the plainest and yet most serviceable Hi existence Our patent fall board is a novelty and of the most practical usefulness. The patent repeating action is highly appreciated by expert players, as well as by scholars. The patent tuning pin fastening only used in our pianos, is- tho most important improvement ever invented; the tuning pin being inserted only in the full iron frame thus lessening the liability of stretching and loosing of the springs, so commonly found in pianos with wooden wrest planks. We challenge the world that our piano will stand longer in tune than any otlier made in the ordinary way. Special prices to introduce these pianos where we have no agent. Good agents wanted Direct all correspondence to J. LISTER, Box 83, GLIDDEN, IOWA, Supt. of Iowa agencies. Ask my Hcents for W. Ii. Douglas Shoe* It not for snlt> in your irluco uisk yoiu dealer to send for catalogue, secure tin. unuiicy, and get them lor you. 0^-TAKE NO SUBSTITUTE. -£3 __ ^, «^_. GEE4TI!,EPJ)iSH THE BEST SHOE IN THE WORLD FOR THE MONEY? It Is a seamless shop, with lio tr.eksor vrn?: t'.iroiu! to hurt the feet; mmlu o£ the bci.i iluo calf, nlvHiii: A04 easy, uucl baeauaow make murr. «/n>i-.-i i-ffiii:: arcule tluin any other viunvfmctum; i tf **«.v«x •/ill*** »*»«,(/ mitt r iiiUltUjUi I 1* JX* i I •• t L; au«i' l.i .*v t sewed shoes costius from guo to gr,.i 'J. ' ffifS 0(H»t'iuiii!t! Mauii.iicmxf, the finest c:;tf 00D shoo ever offered for S.l.Ui; < minis l'iv;.c!i imported shoes which cost from ftci.n 'U''::!:;.o:). <Si& 00 Iliiiltl-Sev/ceJ Writ !•'(•<::'', line ''•"'. ^»*P» stylish, comfortableuiiil i!i:r u l,le. Yl:r !.-:.[ Blioe ever ottered at tills pr'co : -••• iiist- rv;-:',-•• i.; (.-;::> toni-iiiaclo shoes costing from i-iii'.Mi to C 1 -'. 1 '."''• BOlUiifc'Sj, BiuootU JtinliU' Ji'e-ivvVhVrc!'•(•!'•' •'•.••"••' BlouedKo. Oue pair will \vi)!iriiyc:ir. « (Q) 30 dim call'; lio better shoe eve:' •>:-'<-:vt\ : t faa this price; oao tvtal v.-lll ni'mu-y l.:..;:c; who want a BUOO for comfort uu<! i;orv|ce. 5p4Sso"*uro very KCn.m; und durable "V'lii'-'c \vi'o have given them a trlul will weiii-110 oilier i;it:Ue. BOyS worn by the fcoysoverjrwiiuri:; Iheyi'.ui'! on tUelr merits, as tho luc-rcjusiua sales show *3.00 llautl.Hewjcl shoe, i.e-1 P^!=".^'. v . ul 'V»tyl'^:ewul 0 rreuch . matX <Ml («»« Uougolu, verystyli&h; eq Imported shoes costlugfiom $l.uu to &U.UO 1/adieo' tj.SOt &d.<S>0 and S1.J soe : «Eses arc ttye best flue Pousola. Styllbb oad durable. Caution.— See that W. Jj, Douglas' auuio a»vJ Brtoo we etfti»j?ed QU thobottom of eftcii shae. ' Yf. L. DOyuLAS, BrpcJttoj, MOSH. LEGAL BLANKS o FOB SALE o At REPUBLICAN OFFICE THE YELLOWSTONE PARK LINE, The Northern Pacific Wonderland embraces alitttoi atractions simply unequalled. The Twin Cities of St. 'Paul and Minneapolis at the head (if navigation on tlie Mississippi, IHiluth, Ashland and t.lie Superiors at the head of Lake Superior : to the westward, the Lake Park Jtcuicm of Minnesota, the Ited Kiver Valley of tho Yellowstone, Yellowstone National Park. Ho/eimui and the Gallatlu Valley. Helena and Butte, Missoula ana tho Bitter Wool valley Clark's Fork of the Columbia, Lakes Peud d' Oreille and Coeur d' Alene, Spokane Citv aud Kails. Palouse. Walla Walla! Uijj Bend and the Cascade Mountains, Tacoma, Seattle, ptiy- allui) Valley, Snoqualme Falls Ptiget Hound, the Columbia Hiver. Portland and the Willamette Valley, (iray's Harbor and City Willapa Harbor and City o( South Bend, Victoria on Vancouver's Island, Alaska 011 the north, aud California on the south. The Northern Pacific runs two daily express 11 ai ns with Pining Car aud complete Pullman Service between St. Paul and Tacoma and Portland, vm Helena aud Butte with Throueu Tourist and Vestibuled Pullman Sleepers from and to Chicago via Wiscousin Central, and lirst class through sleeping car service hi connection with iho Chicago, Milwaukee & St Paul Ky. Passengers from the east leaving St. Louis in the torenuon and Chicago in the afternoon, will make close connections with the morning train out of St. Paul at »:0(> a. in. following day ;leaviiig Chicago at night, connection will be made with Train No. 1, leaving St.Paul i :15 the next afternoon. Yellowstone ftirk Season, Juuo lut to October 1st. ' • r District Passenger Agents of the Northern Paciilc Kaihoad will take pleasure in supDlyiug information, rates, maps., time tables, etc., or —""••" be wiacfe to OHAS. S, )?$», a, jp, Farm and Stock lard. JAMES WILSON, Kin-roil. Wilte, to fl^oy fOV tbj> It has taken the salf nwlo men of l.hft West about forty years to do the work, imd they are generally middling proud of the job. If frosts come before the corn is in shock, lose no time in getting it cut. 1C cut at once it will ma'Ue good fodder, but if loft a few days, the stalks and loaves cracked by the frost evaporate all moisture and become worthless. The country does not require men in politics to represent this class arid that so much as it needs moral, patriotic men who apprehend the spirit of our institutions ami comprehend the necessities of those who work for national development. Save seed corn now if you want invincible seed. It will keep bettor and get harder and resist bad weather before and after planting bettor if picket! soft and thoroughly dried. The secret of keeping seed corn is to dry it and keep it dry. Such seed always grows. Iowa is improving so fast in town and country that workmen of all kinds never wore so scarce. And fellows like Ingalls go about telling that there are a million idle men in the country. The sound of the hammer and saw are heard everywhere in the village and on the farm. The Country Gentleman says: "Nine- tenths of the wheat this year was threshed out of the shock." Farmers know better than to believe this. A small per cent, ii threshed out of the shock. It takes two months or more to thresh out a neighborhood, and no farmer leaves it so long in the shock. Wo have been looking in the faces of Iowa farm audiences for over twenty years, and never saw them so contented and happy looking. They seem conscience clear and full fed; they look as if they had just beard good news, or had given something to some deserving cause and felt good over it, or had just had a run of good fortune—and they have had it. The Vermont experiment station set out to feed cows to ascertain the cfl'ect of feed on quality of milk. The result is mixed. One cow responded to feed in quantity and quality, another went repeatedly off food, the third died of heavy feeding. The handling of the cows was not rational. The unsettled question in this regard is not whether a cow will increase quality of milk on gorges of rich feed, but whether generous feeding of well balanced rations will result in better quality of milk than generous feeding of one-sided rations. Tiie introduction of our beef and pork into Germany will balance our accounts. The balance of trade has been against us, because we bought heavily from them and they excluded our meats. Now we expect a different result from the year's trading. The new order will also keep up the price of our meats when beef and pork shall have been bred out again. The outcome is the direct result of putting a man in the cabinet who is charged with the interests of the farmer. We got a bill through the lower house of Congress, eighteen years ago, for the creation of a cabinet oliicer of this nature that, at that time, drew much criticism upon us as a fresh granger, but the world moves. The late performances at Independence confirm what has boon indicated for some time, that Iowa conditions are favorable in a marked degree for the development of the horse. The climate, the soil, tlio water combine to build up horses equal to the best anywhere and superior to horses raised in most of the States. That Axtel and Allcrton have gone so far to the front is due to the genius of Mr. Williams, but they are Iowa raised horses and had they been grown and trained elsewhere by the same man, it is doubtful if he could have had the great success that has attended upon his wise management. This is suggested by the groat number of Iowa raised horses that ara comiiu to the front. The farmers' lesson is that in breeding and rearing draft, carriago.saddleand cavalry horses he has all conditions favorable. Prof. Osborne gives us an interesting description of the clover seed caterpillar that has operated in clover heads thii season. Complaints are heard this summer from different parts of the State of the ravages of this insect. Complete removal of the hay will destroy most of them. We think it wise to plow up clover Herds that are infested. Indeed, we think that old clover pastures are the ones that propagate them. They do no harm to any part of the plant but tho head. The heads ripen prematurely, and no doubt all seeds forming in the heads attacked are interfered with. Tho late, dry seasons favor these posts, and while they continue wo may expect to b« more or loss annoyed. Keo Bulletin 14* Iowa experiment station. Is tliei-c'. a standard pound of butter! The fill, in butter runs from T) per cent. Up. When wo riv.cl of big yields of but- tor, it would be move i;it 'ilh>'iblo if tho per centago of fat was staled. lately of a butter toiler l.-rin^- in a foreign country !';>!• sell i-silt We read priwctitad iiri 1 butter nd water. .. <:!' salt is who can !' butter •/! ''. Very : n taste. i're-;h Conn H. -.1. •:! that was 2!> p'-r < From six to twelve permissible, us t;tsi!>r; toll anything aU/ul, unluss Uio per C'lil. o:' good butler, ;i'.:e>:!••:!; 11 : HI (<.:!•••; has eighty-livelier (i-i!t. o. i,,!. butter without salt lias more tells us that ripened cream has less al- buminous matter than fresh cream but- tin-, an tho microbes break it up in tho ripening process. Ko wn need a standard for butter -just a!) much us w« did for I milk. Tho Vermont experiment station Hurls that dry feed induces tho churnability of milk rather than Avot feed, but there is not much difference. All the variations were so little that they came within tho range of possible error, but "churnabil- ity," the experimenters say, "covers the knowledge and tho want of it, of the butter makers." The separator leaves less than old fashioned sotting in the skimmiik, and ripening 1 has much to do with tin; fat left in the buttermilk. ]!;>sides, small batches have more waste per cent, of loss, and consequently show less churmibility. However, there, is another side to this question. Moist, palatable i'ecd induces more milk l!ow, and without this the butter yield will not average as well. Cows must be kept in milk, and dry feed will no'; do it as well as moist feed. Witness the green grass above all otlier feeds. Dr. Wallace, of the Homestead, brings a choice lot of tales of travel from abroad. One that is in our line is respecting his namesake, the professor of agriculture in the university of Glasgow. During hir, vacation ho lectures on practical agriculture to a class of seho:>l teachers, who also are having vacation, rind who will teach what they learn from Prof. Wallace in tho common schools. This Prof. Wallace conducted a farm eight years after leaving college, and when the trustees of the university were looking for some, one to fill the chair, preferred him on account of lii.s knowledge of applied science. The two Wallaces tried to trace kindred, but found the family mottoes different. Our Wallace has "an ostrich .swallowing a horse shoe;" and the motto, "All things are possible." The Glasgow Wallace lias a "drawn dagger," with Iho motto, "Wo strike to kill." We firmly believe they arc related. The hog in Iowa is about to turn the corn crop into pork. There are some (i,000,000 of him and he will convert some 150,000,000 of Iowa's »00,000,000 bushels of corn. He generally gives vis eight pounds for a bushel of corn fed. He would do moro if we could balance his ration for him. Corn is not quite what any animal wants. There is too littlo nitrogenous matter in it. Wo are satisfied that a little oil meal would pay well, fed to hogs. It enables them, we think, to digest more from the corn. Oats would also help in this direction. The Illinois experiment station got sixteen pounds of pork for a bushel of corn. We can afford to lost this. There is 100 per cent, difference in eight and Ei.vteen pounds. We also think that fattening is more economically done when hogs do not get all they can gorge down. A little cut clover or other grass thrown in, or easy access to good pasture would help to balance the corn ration. Nobody feeds Iowa hogs after they ar8 sold. This is suggestive. Just as well sell the hogs half fat as to soil the steers unfinished. Nobody thinks of the one; too many practice the other. Iowa has about l,o!)0,0)) cows. 1,000,000 of them could profitably eat half of the corn tho State s •!!•;, and the under-fed Gtoors could consume tho rest with profit. Nothing would intevost a farmer morn than to see. the improvement a little extra feed would make in quantity and quality of milk. Tim excellence of our butter, where it is properly made, comes from the richness of our grasses grown on a very rich soil, but the mischief lies in the fact th;;,t tho cows do not get enough of grans. Then, during the clog days, the cow would bo helped greatly with a grain ration, oven on a good pasture. We have been urging the growing of a few acres of green crop< lo supplement bare pastures, but even with this the cow would pay for a bile of grain. Our principal anxiety lies in having Iowa farmers make the most of what they work hard to produce. In winter feeding of grain it is well to balance corn with something albuminous, like oil meal, bran, clover hay, peas, and tho like, but in summer feeding it is not so necessary because the tondi.'r grass is a well balanced ration of itself. When tho grass dries up in July and August and the albumen has gone mostly into the seeds that cows can not digest much of, then bran or oil meal or oats or barley would bo better than corn meal. Then, when the fall rains come, and tender grass springs again, corn meal will bo about as good as any otlier, as nature has restored the. balance and in young grass given us the perfect ration. " But feed—feed well. "At the sight of Dumbarton once agaift, I'll cock up my bonnet ftnd march athatft. With my claymore hanging down to my heel, To whang at the bannocks of barley meal." QUESTIONS ; i KJ5ED1NG ONGKA.SS. Seeing that feed for animals is cheaper here than anywhere else, we are coming to the conclusion that it -pays to feed fattening stock during summer, on most pastures, and dairy cows as well. Our farmers have succeeded in growing more grain than the State uses, by a fifth, perhaps. It is sent East to feed. We should feed it here. We suggest that farmers arrange for this. Secure the profit others get from feeding our grains by homo feeding. We sell, perhaps, 00,000,000 bushels of corn. It is feel all the way from Illinois to Denmark, by people who must have it or sell less in competition with us. All of it can be fed with profit this winter and next summer to steers and milk cows. Very few of our pastures will keep a cow milking up to her limit, and on all average pastures grain can be fed with profit. The feeding of grain will make the pastures better. Our farmers make the most of the hog crop. Iowa farmers will do well to give the barley crop moro attention and sow it often instead of wheat or oats. It is found to bo much preferable to oats as a nursing crop for young grass seed. Indeed good stands are had with barley when the young plants that struggle for existence among a dense crop of oats fail, not always being able to rally after tho ravages of the hosts of insects that turn to thorn when oats ripen. It has peculiarities well worth considering. It ripens fast, and makes a crop in a short season. The people in Texas grow it between March and June and get it oil' the ground before the hot winds of July. The people of the far North grow it between tho | late spring frosts and the August frosts, j and we of the temperate grass latitudes j could get two crops in a season. It is j nicer as a feeder than oats, and will not ' give fine returns on poorly prepared land nor on poor land. Oats will give a fair i j crop where barley would not. Barley re- i ! quires a soil condition similar to wheat, j and delighls in <i warm, rich soil, while 1 oats require a cool climate and along scn- \ son. Wo have, then, a fairly good bar; ley climate and soil and a rather inferior' j oats climate. Oats deteriorate with us. In | order to keep oats up to a heavy weight j we must import new seed often. The ; present season of abnormally low temper- i ature has given us the best oats crop of many years, while it has not been too cool for barley. It is difficult to got an oats and corn season in the same year. If frosts stay off till the last of this month, this season will be as near an oats and corn season as wo are likely to see soon. Barley is in such demand for food for man and beast that it will pay Iowa farmers to study it. Our best rotative system is plowing up pasture socl so as to get some grain, and alternating corn with somo small grain. Oats have been the favorite. We think barley will, in most cases, pay as Well, and when tho land is in good condition it will pay better. The average farms had fifty bushels an acre of barley this year, and this will bo above the oats average. The feeding value of barley is very similar to oats. Oats are nearer being a perfect feeding ration than any grain we grow, and barley comes next to them. From time immemorial, barloy has been grown for food for man and beast. It has been grown in Iceland for 1,000 years and is used as food foj. 1 tho people. We find it mentioned in sacred history—the corn of the new testament that the disciples "rubbed in their hands' 1 was barley. Tradition tells this of the Scottish patriot: "Wallace wight, upon a night, Put in a stack of here; And in the morn, before daylight, lie threshed it for his mere." Sir Walter Scott, in the "Talisman," tells of a fleet family of Arabian horses being fed on "the barley of Yemen," with a little dried sheep's flesh. The sheep's iiesh introduced albuminoids and balanced the ration. We quote to show that barley is an old aud reliable feed for animals and a nutritious food for man. The Duke of Argyle says to Jeanie Dean: <ro JIKAVV noitana, , Iowa, September 3.—I write toiiKidire how young colts should be fed and eared for so they may become quite heavy. KATIMEJJ BOY. In order to have colts that arc heavy ( we must take advantage of the results of selection and good feeding for many years of those who grow heavy horses in the past. Wo find breeds established that are heavy, and we can use them to get colls to begin with. We can take any breed of horses and make it heavier by selecting and feeding to that end. It takes a long time to make a heavy brood out of a light one, and wo think it wise to use the heavy breeds at hand. If you have a light mare, say 1,100 Ibs. weight, breed her to a thoroughbred horse, weighing not more than 500 or 000 pounds more than herself. If you use. one twice as heavy as the mare, your colt will be dis- proportioncd—have heavy body, perhaps, and legs too light for the body. So it is best to breed up step by slop, and reach the largest si/ce by three gradations. Well, suppose this has been done or is being done, your question is "How to feed Iho colt so that it will become as heavy as the breeding will admit of." Turn the mare to pasture with the colt if she can be spared. If she can not be spared from work, keep the colt in the stable. Bring in the mare in the middle of the forenoon and afternoon for a while, to give the colt a suck. Food tfic mare something soft like grass, after it comes, with oats or soaked barley, and a third of corn in the feed. Let the colt have oats as soon us it wants to eat them, and lot it suck, as long as it can, which should not be over four months, however, if the mare has been bred again. When the colt is weaned it should be already a good feeder. Give it some new cows' milk if it will drink it, and oats with clover hay, because clover hay has more flesh and bone-forming ingredients than any other hay. Feed a little oil meal and corn, but remember oats are the most perfect of the grains fed alone, and corn is the least perfect. We suggest two-thirds oats or barley soaked and one-third corn for a growing colt, and the reverse for fattening a grown horse. Give some kind of roots by all means. Cariots are best, but a little potato will help, or a little turnip, to Keep the bowels loose. Feed regularly, and you will mature a line colt to full si/e at three years old, if you use the thoroughbreds as sires. I)e Wilt's Snrs;!|i:-illa rlc.oi n.ys ,-• i'US as sr;ro' nlii. > i.i'i rlis'ca-'''. <-("/.!-' ;;ialis!ii. Jus nmci.v >J.->i.i ;-.-n\:.'> i;i;, -•: l^-'y-^^ii^^^K^ff^ t,-lAHT^t^|^tor_^ v S^tffft**^. ^ „ + ** f c,,v-Vi-;,s ••?! f" . This space is • reserved for Dr L. K. Garfield, who will sell U any bicycle not represented by Agts. inAlgona/ . Every day sees somo now book, but wo bavo scon recently not one of such general .interest to the farmer as that published by "JOXES OP BIXGHAMTON," tit Hiiighumton, N. V., en, •.itled "Facts about Scales," «nd gives costs, intents, Ixo., and is sent free as an advertise* aont. A postal card will get it. lilt : rs EVy<'HAVEN,; WI60NS ^ BUGGIES MANUFACTURED 8V If you wish the easiest riding, most durable aa4, tractive Wagon or Buggy made, ask ywr £>fgfyr to you these goods, 4 written warranty furnished with one. Take no other. You »ay as weU hsvf Jt costs RO more thap an

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