STAND BY THE CITY THAT IS GOOD ENOUGH FOR YOU TO LIVE IN "BUY IN, NEW CASTLE AND BE SATISFIED." WEATHER FO HE OAST Rain tonight, we Xhoat Vkmdaj cloudy. ESTABLISHED 1853 VOL. 64, NO. 216, NEW CASTLE, PA., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1917. PRICE TWO CENTS 4a n Greatest Victory Of The New Offensive In France HOE EDITION ' I? HERAJjD o il nIAM hv E Pi1 A TV GENERAL Hff IKES USE OF NEW METHODS FINDING COMFORT IN A CAPTURED TRENCH. Advances Five Miles Places, Overcoming All Resistance m INITIAL ARTILLERY FIRE DISPENSED WITH FIVE MILE GAIN. By the International News Service British troops have shattered the famous Hindenburg line of German defenses in Northern Prance and advanced to a depth of five miles. That was the news flashed out from the British war office in London today that electrified the world. It was a brilliant victory and its thrilling effect was intensified, coming at a time when the Germans and Aus-trians have cut deep into Italy. The tactics of attacking trench lines without artillery preparation unprecedented In this "war was employed toy Field Marshal Halg and powerful thrusts were driven against the German front over a 35 mile line, . from the Searpe river to St. Quentin. The British now menace the lAtfljrla dArtnu. . iuiM . of . Iens;ai Cambrai aa never he-., fore r id thousands of additional German prisoners have fallen into British hands. Continued fighting was reported from the Italian front with the Austro-German armies still battling furiously In an effort to encircle the Italian left wing on the upper Place river. At last reports the Italian front was holding with granite firmness. LOKDON, Nov. 21 A great iBritish victory has been -won on the Arras front. The German lines were smashed over a great width "between St. Quintin and the Scarpe river and the British pressed forward capturing thousands of prisoners and many guns, the war office announced today. At some points the attackers pressed forward from four to five miles, overcoming all resistance. New Tactics Win for Haljr Field Marshall Haig adopted new tactics and the assaults were made without any artillery preparation. A number of separate assaults were made by the British forces at various points along the line and the Germans were taken completely by surprise. Heavy forces of men had been concentrated west of Cambrai, the great German railway base on the Arras front and the attacks were begun at dawn yesterday without any barrage Bre in front of the advancing ranks. All the way from the Scarpe river J (Just south of Lens) to St. Quentin, the German Frenches were over-run. Trench system after trench system along the famous Hindenburg line Tell before the irresistable rush of the British. Greatest British Gain This was one of the biggest single gains made by the British since they first began their offensives in Northern France. The element of surprise was intensified by the fact that tM British artillery all along the West Flanders front was thundering againsf the German lines as though another drive In that sector is in preparation. The Germans upon recovering from the first shock began to rush masses of troops to the front and Berce fighting developed. Hand to hand struggles raged in the trenches and In the German dugouts behind their lines. The Germans lost very heavily ir killed and wounded in addition to their losses in prisoners. Lens Now Within Reach The Importance of the British gain could scarcely be over-estimated in the opinion of military experts. Not only has it shown that the famous impregnable" Hindenburg line is vulnerrble arainxt a determined assault, but the British have crept rery close to Cambrai and the men-(Catlnae rase Twa w " - fTsr ' th Russia virtuall Germany Withd raws ! 5. Through And Her Army Two British fighters resting on a sofa which had been part of the furnishings of a German commandant's dugout at the battle of Menin Road. Their rest was brief, however, for ju at as the picture was taken the Ger mans started to shell this spot, and ph otographer and photographed had to seek cover. BOH OF 1,000 GUNS IS INEFFECTIVE talians Hold Doggedly to Positions in Piave Valley SUN'S FACE HIDDEN BY SMOKE OF CONFLICT ROME, Nov. 21. The Italian lines along the Piave river and across the Asia go plateau are holding firm under the battering blows of the Austro-German war machine. Between the Brenta and Piave val leys In the north, especially around Monte Grappa, Monte Fenera and Monte Tomba, heavy infantry and artillery fighting has been in progress for four days and the battle is proving one of the most spectacular the eye of man has ever witnessed. Advices filtering through from that front today . told of heavier counter-thrusts by the Italians in which the gallant troops distinguish ed themselves by the utmost bravery. COUCH SAVES GERMANS FROM AN AIDE Detroit LONDON, Nov. 21. That Russia ' and Roumania may be considered out of the war as decisive factors has been established aa a virtual cer-talnity by a train of developments which culminated today. Advices of the most sensational character came from Stockholm regarding Russia. The iSwediBh newspaper Tldnengen was quoted as saying that the Swedish foreign office is in receipt of information that Russia's official participation in the war is nearing its close." Enemy Troops Withdrawn. Copenhagen reports that conditions in Russian lines on the eastern front are such that Germany and Austria have withdrawn all of their hest troops and a majority of their guns and that the Teutonic and Russian soldiers are fraternizing and visiting together. .- I The ambassadors representing the allied countries are reported to be preparing to leave Petrograd, but this report in unconfirmed. The American embassy In Petrograd is said to be under guard by Polish troops. The activities of Premier Keren-sky are hidden hy a number of conflicting reports. One says he has committed suicide by shooting. Another says that Kerensky is leading a cossack army on Petrograd. Still a third said that the erstwhile "savior of Russia"' had again disappeared. The declarations of Premier Lloyd George to the American mission leave no doubt as to the way in which the British government views the situation In Russian and Rou mania. Mr. Lloyd George's statement that the collapse of Russia and the situation in Italy makes it necessary for the United States to send as many troops and as many ships as possible at the earliest moment was Interpreted that the war must be'fought out to victory In the west. Russia and Roumania must be considered together, for Russia has always been considered the sponsor of Roumania, and the latter country is now isolated with her small army dependently entirely upon the future decisions of Russia. In spite of the situation that pre sented itself today in the east, steps are being taken with the greatest rapidity to drive home more powerful hlows than ever against the Central powers in the west with the En tente in closer unity than ever be fore. Discredit Wild Talc Of Teutons Soldier With a Cold Scares Huns Back to Trenches UNLUCKY SAMMIE GETS WOUNDED IN THE HEAD BY NEWTON C. PARKE International News Staff Correspondent. WITH THE AMERICAN ARMT IN FRANCE, Nov. 21. A bad cold nearly cost an American patrol seri ous losses in a recent expedition AiiLo inu luttii u. xduu, out ftiou invented the possible capture of a number of Germans. The patrol, had set out during a black night and made its way undetected to a point near the enemy's barbed wire where the men took up their positions- in shell-holes . with I the object of ambuscading the Ger mans. Plans for the ambuscade were carefully made. Shortly after the i arrival 01 me men a uerman patrol Stories of Sugar and w. .Shortage. Spread by- Shadow Huns Salt HOOVER ISSUES NOTE TO ALL HOUSEWIVES It was to this sector that the Ger- emerged from the German trenches man and Austrians moved a mass of j and crept stealthily forward, moving men in their endeavor to encircle ; directly Into the trap laid bv the the Italian left wing and it is admitted that the invaders have upwards of 1.0 0 0 nu in action amidst the Alpine valleys. Continued On Page Five) Americans. But Just at the moment when the Yankee soldiers thought they had the situation well in Iiand a yonng- (Contlnoed on Page Two) SEVEN SHARON MILKMEN WILL BE ARRESTED TODAY Action Follows Investigation I fore Squlre Thomas Thomas by State of State Diary Inspector Gault PRICE BOOST BRINGS THE DEALERS TO GRIEF Through the efforts of the state dairy inspector, seven Sharon milk dealers will be arrested this afternoon for extortion. Conspiracy to control prices may also be charged against them. A constable started out before noon with warrants, but refused to disclose the names of the parties he was after, some of whom live in Ohio. The Sharon Telegraph says: Following close upon the announcement that the price of milk in Sharon had been boosted from 12 to 14 cents per quart, came swearing out of warrants for the arrest of seven local retailers. The iMorniatioBS ere mads be-, marks the second chapter in the amazing debacle in Sharon which has set the city agog and resulted in the retirement from business of several retailers. When it became known that the price of milk had been advanced from the already prohibitive price of 12 cents to 14 cents, as published exclusively in the Telegraph last night, there was unbounded indignation in many quarters. Intelligence that 14 cent milk was lacking in butter fat kindled this indignation anew today. Consumers are pointing out that milk sells for 11 and 12 cents in Meadville. New Castle, Oil City and Warren, O. Why it should be necessary to mulct the consumer two cents more per quart here appears to them incomprehensible. . Some of the dealers for whom warrants were Issued today, live in Ohio. They have been furnishing milk to Sharon customers containing less than 3 1-4 per cent butter fat. DISCREDIT 2e ,. G WASHINGTON, Nov. 21 German propaganda is making its way into every American household. Herbert C. Hoover, food administrator, has before him today evidences of well ' planned German propaganda to cause unrest among housewives. This propaganda la takins- fnrm in the numerous food shortages which are reported. Moreover, the food administration admits that the piopaganua is Having serious eaecta. Sugar Shortage Exaggerated The first step in the propaganda was the sugar shortage. Stories were spread throughout the entire nation of a sugar shortage which was going to last. Food administration officials admit there is and has been a sugar shortage, but claim that it has been greatly aggravated by panic among housewives, caused paruy Dy tne stories from German sources of serious sugar shortages. Food experts declare the sugar shortage would not have been nearly as heavy if the American people had not hastened to lay in large stores, thereby making the shortage acute. Even now the food administration has information of hundreds of families, frightened by the short age, wno nave stored away sugar in large quantities. False Tales of Salt Famine German propaganda did not stop with sugar, however. In the midst of the sugar shortage, stories were circulated to the effect that there was a serious shortage of salt. Housewives fell into the German plot and tumbled into the procession to. buy quantities of salt. The re sult has been that retail dealers, taken by surprise, have actually sold out their salt supply and have taken advantage of the run on the commodity to raise prices. The food administration is now seeking some way to make an example of these dealers. With the artificial sale shortage well in progress, the nronaeanda has to turn attention to other commodities. Already In many communities there have been spread rumors of a shortage In matches. The food ad ministration declares there is no match shortage and that the Ameri- "PEERLESS ONE" FOR PRESIDENT AGAIN ON BONE-DRY PLATFORM CHICAGO, Nov. 21 William Jennings Bryan for president in 1920 on a "bone-dry" platform. Prohibitionists here today profess to see the inception of another Bry an presidential boom in a suggestion voiced by Dr. Ira Landrith, former vice-presidential candidate of the Prohibition party and now chairman of the executive committee of the new National party, at a Prohibition rally here at which -Bryan was the imncTpa it. speaker. iw. landntn openly nominated the former secre tary of state for the next campaign In an address that preceded Bryan's. SEE BIG WAGE 1ENT iran o CONTROL Heads of Railway Unions Will Put Question Up to Congress Directly Hunt For I.W.W.S In Oil Fields General Roundup of the Cult to Drive Them Out of - Kansas GANG WANTS REVENGE FOR TULSA WHIPPINGS WILSON UNPREJUDICED BUT WANTS ALL FACTS BY JOHN EDWlJi NEVTN, International News Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON, Nov. 21. Congress will meet a demand for virtual ownership and operation of the American railways when It convenes a week from next Monday. The pressure will come from the people of the naUon who are dependent on the roads for transportation of the necessaries of life as well as from the country's great Industries. Whether definite action, will result depends on the administration. President Wilson at the present time has before him reports from various departments showing how the roads are meeting the war time problems and it is believed that he will form definite plans from these reports. He will confer with the heads of the 'big raidroad brotherhoods tomorrow. Ostensibly the reason for the conference is to line them and their organizations up for a mediation and arbitration plan that will absolutely prevent any in terruption of the railroad activities for the period of the war. Actually the entire question of the relation ship of the roads and their employes will be considered. ' President Not Prejudiced TOPEKA. Kan., Nov. 21 Following raids upon I. W. W. headquarters at Augusta, Eldorado and other towns in the oilfields by federal agents resulting in the arrest of over 4 0 members of the organization, the greatest round-up of I. W. W. agi tators in the history of the middle- west is expected to follow. It la probable that 3,000 arrests, perhaps more, will be made in the InOUDDD .LtlUO 111 L 1 1 U 111 -V ly tf UVJIILO, t!ntro p-onoral fx n rills of the dis turbers should begin. Government, state and local officials are determined to rid the state of them. The action is the result of agita tion which has been going on, according to officials, ever since the Tulsa troubles which caused scores of I. W. W. members to pour into the Kansas oilfields. It Is declared that threats of violence were made in many sections and much talk of plans fer a frightful revenge in return for the Tulsa whippings HOSPITAL BABY SENDS HIS BIT TO HELP CAUSE Five-Year-Old Francis Cunningham Donates $5 to Birthplace ST. FRANCIS SISTERS GUARANTEE EXPENSES Little Fran;? kCunningham of Mayville, Will T$st baby born in the New CasTleTliospital, on his fifth birthday, has sent five dollars to help the New Castle Hospital Campaign Fund. Francis was born in the hospital on November 21s 1912, just five years ago today. His mother Mrs. P. P. Cunningham of Mayville, Wis. was formerly Miss Anna Hagan and was very well known here. C. C. Duff, treasurer of the campaign this morning received the fol lowing letter, with the check and a photograph of Francis Cunningham, enclosed : MR. C. C. DUFF: Dear Sir: Enclosed you will find check for five dollars from Francis P. Cunningham, who was one of the first, if not the first, baby born in the New Castle hospital, Nov. 21, 1912. This is what he looks like today, (referring to photo.) No doubt you will remember his mother as Anna Hagan. I remain, Mrs. r. P. Cunningham. All Expenses Guaranteed The largest subscription to the campaign yet made has been made by the Sisters of St. Francis at Mil- vale, who guaranteed settlement for all the expenses incurred in carrying on the campaign, a sum amounting to over $5,000. Cash donations and payments of pledges which have been paid already amount to over $10,000. Many of the employes of the stores are combining in their subscriptions and are sending in their donations under the name of the employes oi the firm they are working for. Out of Town Donations A great number of out of town people and corporations have subscribed to the fund, among them be lng: Bpggs & Buhl, Pittsburgh, $50. tVio nv Top $50. Jos. R. Weldon, Pittsburgh, $50. Employes Arthur Kopple Co., Koppel, $29. Gilmore Drug Co., Pittsburgh $25, Arbuthnot-Stevenson Co., Pittsburgh, $2 5. Spear & Co. have promised tc supply the complete furnishings for one room. Today's most important subscriptions are: (Continued On Pace Five) Fifty Million Dollars For Y. M. War Huts NEW YORK, Nov. 21. The Y. M. C. A.'s war work council fund was over-eubscribed $14,209,411, according to official announcement here today. hTe amount sought was $35,-000,000, but the contributions total $49,209,411. Of all the states in the union only Georgia, Alabama, North and South Carolina and Nevada and Wyoming fell below their schedules. The figures for the departments follow: Department Eastern Northeastern Central Western Southwestern Southeastern Allotment .J15.500.000 . 5.000.000 . 12,500,000 . 1.250.000 . 1,000,000 1.500.000 Subscribed $20,091.66 6.3fi8.9L'S 28.3S0.731 1.73S.5n 1.387,0P 1,207,581 Enough Uniforms For The Sammies plot by rumors It is understood that the president can people must check thp German 1 has an open mind on the question of whether more drastic measures must be taken to Increase the effectiveness of the railroads. He realizes that the committee of railway executives who have been co-ordinating the country's systems since the war com- Con tinned va I'aate Twrl) refusing to believe wild WOUNDS KILL FOUR, DISEASE FOUR MORE WASHINGTON, Nov. 21. There were eight deaths in the American expeditionary forces in France durine the and less than 12 per cent milk solids. ' WMk ending November 9, according- to Another allegation made in some of the affidavits is that the milk contains water. Warrants have been issued upon these affidavits, and arrests will be made at once. Names are withheld until the accused dealers are taken into custody. a report by the aurgreon trenera), made PUuux. ;iay. Three deaths were due to wounds received in action: three to pneumonia, one to heart disease and one to accidental gun-shot wound. W. W. Rmeal, arrested yesterday for reckless driving-, will be riven a near-Ins; Thursday before Ac. Ins Mayor Tyler. STEPS TO PREVENT GERM AN UPRISING RIO JANEIRO, Nov. 21. Martial law was declared throughout the etate of Sao Paulo today. Censorship was Imposed upon press dispatches and the hifrhwavs were closed to automobile traffic. ' Number in Training by Jan-uaryi WillBe687, -000 Men CAMP SHERMAN HAS 70 PER CENT OF QUOTA There is a big- German colony in tao -auio ana a uerman uprising; oc-,. k-.- , - er,.rf ih.r. h.tn.. Rr.,n hrok. ff h finished before the end of raiaxio&a with Gwmaar orcsent year. The manufacturer WASHINGTON. Nov. 21. Six hundred and eighty-seven thousand young men drawn to the colors in the first draft under the selective service law will be In training by January 1, Provost Marshal General Crowder announced today. While construction work is still under way n some of the training camps, most of the work is completed and all will the of clothing for the drafted men is likewise proceeding rapidly and it is expected there will be an ample supply of uniforms for all the selected men when the first draft Is completed. Camp Lewis, located at American Lake, Wash., has the distinction of being the first camp to fill its quota of men, drawing them fron; California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington and Wyoming. The per centages of men in training in the other camps were announced today by Gen. Crowder, as follows: Camp Devens, 75 per cent; t'pton, 77.8; Dix, 0 per cent; Meade, 85 per cent; Lee, 80 per cent; Jackson, 75 per cent; Gordon. 78 per cent; fher-man, 70 per.cent; Taylor, 65 per cent; Custer." 76.5 per cent; Grant, 68.5 per cent; Pike. 70 per cent; Dodge. 4 0 per cent: Funston, 89 pet cent: Travis. 75 per cent. V : .
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