The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on September 16, 1891 · Page 7
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, September 16, 1891
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Page 7
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THE REPUBLICAN: ALGONA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 1(5, 1891. BOOTS AND SHOES The Best is the Cheapest W<3 1mv«! (Ill- J5(!S(. T. M. OSTRANDER, Veterinary + Surgeon Bancroft, Iowa. Has his barn ready for the sick and lame liors- ea, so bring tliem aloiiR. Charges reasonable. Phoenix BANCROFT, IOWA. Now running under new management. P. A. Sewing Machines, Carpets, Pictures and Frames. BURIAL CASKETS. Undertaking a Specialty. • BANCROFT, IQWA, GALLION BROS. Done anywhere In the County At Bed Rock Prices, We guarantee— Plenty of later Or no Pay. AND -TRADERS' Will Soon be Complete in Its New Coat of Colors. With its new Fire-proof Vault, new bank furniture and more room, they will be able to satisfy the wants of their ous omers. #3 neral banking business transacted. to Loan ! Foreign and Domestic Exchange bought and sold. Tickets to and from all ports of Europe. Collections a specialty. Your business solicited. In this building also will be found the Pioneer Land Agency of Bancroft. ESTABLISHED 1881. Acres of Land for sale or rent. Village property for sale or rent. We have for the past ten years been 3onstantly reminding those without a good tome that the fertile soil of Northern Iowa rould not always be in reach of the aver- |,ge home seeker, and hundreds of the wise heeded our advice and secured homes >r their families. These are now rejoicing. ?here is yet room for^hundreds more, but ie is precious, as land all over Iowa is ist advancing in price and will soon be too |gh for men of little means. Correspond 1th or come and see us at once and w© lill do you good. R. M, Richmond & Co,, Farm and Stock Yard. JAMES WILSON, Editor. If the mare fs working after the colt is three months old, let it get most of its living from grain nnd forage. How arc your fall calves? Sec to It that they have a grain ration. It will pay. They will make more growth by the day and for a bushel of grain than they will when they are, older. Karly spring calves should bo well attended to just now. Iowa grains are plenty. They will pay for it if anything will. We have been saying that barley is preferable to oats as a nursing crop for young, tame grasses. This year's observation confirms this opinion, and farther, we think that barley pays quite as well as oats if we study kinds and methods. Wo can save it with the desired green tinge, unless the weather is too bad. If a vegetable is put in cold storage, near the freezing point, it will keep longer than any other way. Think of this when you save potatoes or any other veg- table, or fruit, or meat, or dairy product. Few people have ice made BO regularly as we have, and with it we can make cold storage houses to preserve our goods. The farmer loses immensely when ho must sell everything that requires low temperature to keep. Iowa farmers throw away bulls generally when there is no need of it. The bull weighs 1,500 pounds and is thin. He sells to feeders for two cents a pound. Feed 100 bushels of corn to him, if you must get *Jd of him, and run two shoats with him. He will gain 400 pounds and weigh 1,900 pounds, and sell for four cents a po.und, if he is a well bred, well shaped bull, for exporting across the Atlantic. This is $70. The shoats will gain as much as he does. Figure for yourself. A deal of paper and ink is wasted on the English sparrow. He feeds on grubs. Wo have noticed him at it, and have seen the sparrows carrying the grubs off a pasture to their nests. We propose a fair trial for the sparrow. Have him prosecuted and defended. Let all the facts about him be brought into court. Have his gizzard examined and see what is tn it Railing accusations are not facts. That was settled when sataii contended for the body of Moses. A good deal of discussion is running over the sowing of rye in the fall among corn stalks and on the newly fall plowed stubble land. The question is treated from two standpoints. The practical man sows to get fall and spring grazing and to enrich the land by plowing the rye under for a corn crop; or letting it ripen for a rye crop. This is sensible, and can be adopted generally on common' sense principles. The scientists tell us that nitrogen leaches fast from'a bare'soil lying in fallow, but if a crop is growing on it, nitrogen comes up and is held in the growing crop that can bo utilised as feed or plowed under. If you set out to feed, resolve to feed for the highest price. Too many of our larmars halt, and sell before the stock is thoroughly fat. We can learn a lesson from the old fashioned feeder. He cut shock-corn, begun to feed in the fall, and fed until spring. He fed fat. If corn was cheap—as it generally is—he made money. He never thought of selling before the steers were as fat as corn would make them. This plan substantially is followed yet wherever corn is plenty and where it is cheapest. More husked corn is fed by the big feeders than in earlier days. We can improve on the methods, but we can not mend their determination to make fat cattle. It is simply missed opportunity to get everything ready to feed and lose heart, and sell before the stock is ripe. We advise now beginners to feed grain to cattle sparingly at first. We would begin with grain while the cattle are on grass, and where the farmer who keeps cattle has not grass as long as stock can get at it, he has some slack to take up. Heal well bred cattle can be made fat on fine pastures with very little grain, compared with ill bred stock. But as to beginning the steer. He should not be brought to full feed under a month, Many cattle are injured by too sudden cramming with corn. Some are foundered, and in lots where some never do well it oan be attributed to in judicious feeding in the first month of tho operation. It is not best, therefore, to feed so much that any will be left over at first. This is the opportunity of free eaters, After steers have had corn for a month there is little danger. It is in the power of feeders who feed only a few to control this more easily than large feeders who handle many. Jt is seen at the college farm that where students are put in charge of the experimental feeding, they take intense interest in noting the effect of different feeds. They set down figures in pocket books and refer to them while they get the lessons intended in' animal nutrition without knowing it. This brings back tho manual labor feature in its true intention, a parallel to mental application. The drudgery of feeding is entirely removed when the solution, of feeding problems is partly In the boys' charge. Of course the work is well paid for, aud the well earned. The the ffCfcarde. tfc« fop go through college leaning lightly on fathers artel mothers at home, and become strong in industrial lines, ready to attack tho ocomomic problems of the clay, fortified with applied science as boys are nowhero else. MJT.K OK BKKP Oil BOTH. Hon. (;. Jaqua can make nothing by dairying, und wonders why we advocate it—says w« "never milked a c<jw but for family use." lie never was more mistaken in his lifo. We milked dairy cows regularly for yours. Latterly we led for beef, :ui<l bred for beef, but are now as much in favor of dairying as ever. Oir- cuinstants sometimes induce onutomilk cows, and then again, to feed and rear for breeders. The poor family that has labor to use on the small farm, with limited capital, can turn their labor into money, when Ui<;y could not feed for beef for want of capital. The fanner with land and stock and little help can graze and make, beef profitably. We an; firmly of tho opinion that the average farmer in the grass and corn bolt of the West can make money faster by milking cows enough to breed cattle to keop tho farm stocked with what in necessary to con- sumo all it grows in harmony with what hogs can ba kept to balance ruminants, horses to do the work, and incidentally raise colts. Mr. Jaqua may not have help to j7iilk, while he has grass and grain to make beef and mutton and horse llcsh with. Besides, cow lore comes natural to some and not to others. There is much in early habit. We have been among dairy cows and feeding steers both, all the days of our life, and regard the dairy cow the first necessity of the farm. Beef feeding without milking is common now, but it will as certainly go out of use as our lands will rieo to SHOO an acre, and returns from them will be required on that capitalization. Men with fine Iowa lands rated at $150 and $40 an acre may let calves suck. Require interest, rents, taxes and the like on a val- valuation of $100 and see whether you can waste a cow's milk to raise a calf for beef. The kind of families that will earn farms in future will not let calves suck. We old chaps can have our ways, but those who earn farms now will farm differently, and milk, and raise calves by hand, and feed them for the eastern market. AKOUNtt FALL PLOWING. The plowing up of pasture sod is to make place for crops that do not grow continually as grass does, that exhaust the soil as grass docs not, that have mor« concentrated powet for feeding man and beast than grass has. We want wheat, and the growing of grass has fitted tho land for it. Wo want corn, and the grass sod gives us tho best corn. Wo find that the growing of high nutrient grain exhausts the soil and we sow grass. It brings about soil conditions that need changing, and we grow grass to get looseness and humus and decomposing vegetation to feed tho more valuable cereals. We seed down with tamo grasses to get rid of certain prevailing weeds and certain prevailing insects that nest and breed and multiply and devour the crops that nurse them. The tamo grasses have done-their work well or indifferently as we had intelligence in sowing, mixing, managing. The weeds have disappeared; the pasture has filled the soil full of roots that arc at our disposal to go on and grow grass or decompose and feed grain crops. The pasture is the great reserve fund of the farm. The more pasture a farm has, the more reserved power it has to grow whatever we want. We found the prairies in grass, and they responded liberally; put them back a while in grass when they become restive and weedy and refuse to yield, and they will respond again in smiles like madam in a new gown and bonnet We have discovered by trial and experience what rotation answers best for our several localities. Grass is the basis of it, in all localities. We hear of rich bottoms that yield indefinitely without rotation. They would yield better with it. We know the rolling prairies need rotating in grass, and observe that when they have been pastured at least half of the time, for a series of years, they will grow corn and oats quite as well as they ever did, and vro have arranged our own systems to suit ourselves and the conditions surrounding us and they are wry different from rotations in the past and in other countries. Now the pasture is being plowed up with a big com crop in view. The sooner it is done the better condition it will bo in for a corn crop next spring, because decomposition of the grass roots will have gone tho farther on, and nutriment will be the more abundant for the young corn plants. If the sod is timothy it is full of young grubs. Wo hear nothing of the cut worm bothering the corn in clover sod. How is this? It may be that owing to the clover coming after corn and small grains they had not time to breed. It may be tho mother moth dislikes clover. We must inquire. But in timothy sod we may depend on cut worms. Frequent stirring of the soil is said to diminish the number. This is worth trying. Just before frost the harrows might expose the eggs to the birds and squirrels aud the weather. Speaking of rotation, it is wise to plan so as to have its much of the farm as possible in grass, recuperating, instead of the bulk of the acres under tha plow, depleting. This brings into contrast two yery different systems of farming. A large pej cent, in gate contemplates making the beet possiM^ajtpres aud grazing them with the highest selling animals. If they kept poor brutes they must keep more of them. Careful study along these lines enables the farmer to make more of the pasture, and he needs loss grain to finish with. It is opposite the plan of plowing most of the farm and selling everything that will Bell. _ QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS. FJ,A:\. ATTIH-WVX, Iowa, August !il.— I have <n mill with which 1 grind feed, etc. for my stock, ami have 150 acres of llax. Can I grind llax with a little old corn in an iron mill.' ] nin feeding over 200 heavy Hleors and buying cake at ?2t per ton. I tlnr.k tlio llax seed, ground, would bo so much stronger feed, and ono. pound ground s«(!(t won!. I wiua! live pounds cake meal,or over. Will you please give me your opinion in this c!iH(!. THOS. ]<'. Mrssox. Wo would not grind flax seed to feed with corn if wo could buy oil cake at $21 a ton, because the oil is all that the presses take out, and there Is fat enough in the corn. What is valuable to mix with corn in oil cake is the albuminoids. Corn is made a butter fattening ration when mixed with oil meal. If we had flax seed ami could not buy oil cake at all, we would rather grind and feed it whole than not to feed it at all. Where farmers have not acccess to flax in any form they should food clover or some other like albuminous plant. You think one pound of ground flax equal five pounds of cake. Wo doubt that to mix with corn, but flax in any form to mix with corn is an advantage in corn feeding. WINTERING STOCK. MISSOUKI VALLEY, Iowa, August 17.—I have some cattle to feed this winter. How can I feed them to get the greatest gain? Hogs and whole corn—the western plan— or will it pay to give them cut fodder, or nay, wild coarse grass, and corn meal? I can get a tread power for 85, 1 ought to get a cutter for &10. 1 have a cob mill to grind shelled corn and a hand sheller. A man will shell and grind about fifty bushels a dav. I have some listed corn I would use for fodder. Can shock that as cheap as 1 can gather the corn. Have Si head of steers to feed to keep one man busy. The question is now. will it pay in the gain on the cattle? 1 have thirty-five spring pigs. W. H. IlAiGIIT. Yours is a series of nice questions. No, we would not advise you to buy grinding machinery if your hogs are healthy, and you arc fixed with good sheds, for the common run of cattle. We would advise this. During the last month of feeding add three or four pounds of oil meal, or cake broken up, to each steer each day, and see how you like it. If you shell the corn at the last, and cut it up in slices all tho time it will bo economy. When you breed your own steers that are to sell for extras, and have tame pastures that fatten, we would grind and feed meal to finish. Or, if your hogs take disease we would grind and feed meal mixed with cut hay. For the common run of cattle, with plenty of cheap corn and coarse hay. and vigorous hogs, the old way has money in it. POTATOES FOIt ItOGS—FHOSTS. BKAMAN, Iowa, August 24.—Have you ever made any experiments in feeding potatoes to hogs? Kyou have not do you know anything about their value for fattening hogs? Will it pay to buy potatoes instead ot corn, when corn is dear aud potatoes cheap? If potatoes are fed should they be cooked? I have some hogs that have been stunted. Have not done well on pasture this summer. Could you suggest a preparation that would serve as a good condition powder for them? You are aware that the first early frosts in the fall usually strike the low ground and very late in the night often after daylight. Do you think a person could save bis corn at such times by scattering a load or two of straw along the sloughs and firing it, or would the heat pass upward, and the surface of the ground soon be cold as ever. Or. T. COWGILL. The Wisconsin experiment station found that 789 pounds of potatoes took the place in a feeding ration of 178 pounds of corn meal, or 443 pounds of potatoes took the place of 100 pounds of corn meal, or ono pound of corn meal is worth about four and a half pounds of potatoes. The potatoes wore cooked. They were mixed with shorts and with corn meal. They wore not fed alone. We have known them fed alone, boiled, to hogs, and good results followed. Wo think they are worth' more to growing and breeding animals of all kinds than this valuation. Even at this corn valua- ion they repay growing, but we think their value in other directions than fat- ening would bo greater. And wo would eed them with other rations than corn. Neither is a perfect ration. Give thorn <o young, growing hogs with a little oats or to fattening animals with oil meal, once a day. This will discover their •ttluo as a digestion help. MAKING A 1'lCltMAXKXT PASTUKE. BENTON COUNTY, Iowa, August 81.—I have ten acres of slough which I fenced last spring and have pastured it this season and the stock have kept the grasb down pretty well. I would like to get it into a permanent pasture without the expense of tilmg. Some have recommended sowing blue grass; others al&ike clover. Please give your opinion, slating the best time to sow, the amount of seed to the acre, and the probable cost of each, and oblige, V. 0. FLETCUEU. Blue grass will grow where water does not run or lodge, but it will not be as good blue grass as if you tiled the slough. We suggest surface draining at least, so as to lift the land somewhat above the water level. Sow alsike clover and red top on such land with the blue grass, and if you surface drain it so that the land is a foot above the water level, timothy will do well. You should have uo trouble in getting a stand if you sow aow, all the grasses. The clover may winter kill, but the others will not. There are thousands of Iowa farmers in this predicament. They have wet lands and are not ready to lay tile. With cheapening tUe and good prices for our products, we suggest iayiag a y^ttle tUe every fall, }«§* ft> get if 09% — We have, the reputation .-for selling the Best $3.00 Pants IN IOWA. And today we are selling- a pant better than ever for that i money. Address : Oan be made In o mouths felling Tunison's Atlases, Charts and Wall Maps. Particulars tree. H. G TUNISON, Chicago, Ills. Humane Society's Work. In all Jarge cities are branches of the Humane Society founded by Berg. A horse is discovered badly galled, or is cut or injured, at once a society inembei commands its rest and the immediate application of Bailer's Barl> Wire Liniment, which experience has shown is tho best remedy made. For sale by Dr. L. A. Sheetz. _^^^^ AVliat my Beau Says. "That he was first attracted to me because my complexion was so clear and my breath so sweet aud he found out about my breath when—when— when he kissed me, and now girls I'll tell you how I made my complexion so clear: I took just three bottles of Haller's Sarsapnrilla & Burdock that's all." For sale by Dr. L. A. Sheetz. Something About Benefactors. We often read that "He was a real benefactor to the human race." With good reason could this be applied to anyone who contributes to the lessening of the evils to which flesh is heir to. Rheumatism and chronic headache have been classed as impossible to cure, yet science has finally demonstrated that they CAN be cured. Haller's Pain Paralyzer, taken in conjunction with Haller's German Pills, have effected most extraordinary cures and has made life a comfort to many, who never hoped for relief. For sale by Dr. L. A. Sheetz. This apace is reserved for Dr ' x L. K. Garfield, wliowju eellU , auy bicycle aot ] VI" i.t i> .*'iiT<b . srM-.sS'ii

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