The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on August 19, 1891 · Page 10
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 10

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, August 19, 1891
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anb Stock WILSON, Editor. t Idea* fl« nolleited from tmt fanti*r f eadew. • QueH« • will be *nsw«red. Addfessto the Editor?••••.. -James Wilson,;.Ain«s, Iowa.}. ' Tho destruction of birds.of prey 'has • been so general in the south of Scotland that a plague of mice is destroying tho pastures in the shoep growing districts. Nature punishes when her balance is disturbed. Summer fallowing is boing advocated :in.sections that have thin soil in the Northwest. No.need of it in Iowa. Seoll clown with clover. The land will come up smiling when you plow the clover down and. laugh in an abundant harvest. Fallowing is cultivating a season without n • crop. It is practiced in countries that : have poor soils. No, possible need of it in Iowa. The speculators who want tho-crops as -soon as they are ripe arc telling us that it is criminal to hold them. They want to hold them. The pending question is, should the producer or tho middleman hold until the consumer needs the product? Middlemen assure us we had better sell, as prices may go down. They desire to take the chances, and lose if there is to be a loss. What hypocrisy. Those corn crop reports from Washington that tell in detail about Michigan, Wisconsin and Kentucky corn crops .and spoak of hay, small grain ami potatoes injowa are not very edifying reading. We would suppose that information from States that grow corn would be in place. The voice of the.farmers secured a sec.• rotary of jvgricultura He can do us good service cleaning out of "place the political farmers who try to discuss farm • affairs but can not. There, is-great distress in Russia on account of short grain crops. The government has relaxed its vigor and permits • the peasantry to gather mushrooms in the forests. Famines . are frequent in countries where primitive farming is pursued. We do not regard a famine possible in.this country, because there is diversity of crops, the loss of no one of which would bring starvation. People who depend on-single crops are in dan- . ger, particularly when they export their . surplus of-years of plenty. Tho Farmers' Review advances the • theory that blossoming is atavism in po- • tatoes, or breeding back to tho original parent plants, and not a good sign of a .yield. Practical observation differs from this. It has always been a good indica- • tion of a crop.to see plenty of blossoms and plums. The strongest argument offered on behalf, of the theory is .that dying plants blossom sooner than they would if healthy. This is .true. Wound the limb of an apple tree and it will blossom before the other limbs, but then this is not a sign of atavism, because ap- ple.trees blossom that are healthy, and .so do.potatoes. We regard flowers the best sign of vigor in a crop of potatoes, -and.look for the best yield where -\vo find the. most plums. Neglect and unfavorable, conditions of .soil deteriorate potatoes and then they may breed back. We suggest to-those who desire to sow -winter wheat-to plow clover Jn.nd and .sow early in September. The drill is tho best tool to put wheat in with, but it can be harrowed in. The object in sowing •on corn.stalks is .to get the protection- of •snows in winter,' but it is very difficult to sow any kind of grain among growing -corn and get it thoroughly covered. Then the surface is not in good condition. Still .the protection of lodged snow may surmount all other objections. If. wheat sown .on clover sod should fail it will 'be in flue condition for corn the next y^ir, and if .the stand should be good thfi wheat would have more to feod on thau on earn stalk ground. Corn stalk rwnnd is never the best place for grain f any kind. New snd land is. Wo wild not trust timothy sod. Jt is like• tw be -fiill .of cut worms in the spring." Urtd tocats, imd It will be good sense tot every t&tmat to get his hand In, as there is no way to learn these things but practice. We can learn much by reading and conversing, but there i$ ho perfection withottt. practice. ____ — -.'•• :__,--- | L We are wftll satisfied that it would pay well to have green feed convenient during hot weather to give milk' cows, and ••wo are satisfied that it will soott ba done generally. Profits in dairying will como from steady maintained flows of milk, and plenty of succulent food is necessary to keep this up. Tho practice will :begin whcro dairy conditions aro more favorable than meat making conditions. Wo look for the Wisconsin and Minnesota dairymen to go at it sooner than Iowa people because they must use all efforts to ; get profits up there. Iowa is developing intelligent farmers •who will gradually take the nonsense out of a pestiferous set of sidewalk writers •who multiply counsel without knowledge. .1. N. Munccy takes up a question that needs settling. Wo have been told •that certain cows—Jerseys and Holsteins —can not be dried , up between calves. Mr. Muncey states that if you commence to dry off a cow two months before her •next.calf j'ou can accomplish the result. "I never owned a cow in seven years that I could not dry up." This is tho point: begin before the flow of milk consequent upon the coming of another calf .begins and you will have no trouble. Greed impels men to continue milking up into the period when nature is preparing for another calf. Those who milk within a few weeks of calving and then proclaim that they have a peculiar : breed that never dries up are subjects of pity lor their moss covered ignorance. The New Jersey experiment station has fteen at work since 188S testing five breeds of cows to ascertain their value by accurate, rigid ways. The Guernsey, Jersey, Shorthorn, Ayrshire and Holstciu were the breeds under trial. A quart of milk from Ayshires cost 1. CO cents; Shorthorns 1.71; Holsteins 1.75; Guernseys 1.81; Jerseys 1.91. The Ayrshires and Shorthorns each gave nine quarts daily. The Holsteins gave eleven quarts. The Guernseys gave 8.4 quarts, and the Jerseys gave 8.7 quarts. The Guernseys' and Jerseys' average cost of fats and total solids per pound was 5.65 cents. The average.of the other three breeds was 6.1 cents. For each breed the cost was: Ayr- shires 5.0 cents, daily average total solids 2.51 pounds. Shorthorns cost 0.2, daily average S.48 pounds. Holsteins cost 0.2 «ents, daily average 2.95 pounds. Guern- seys cost 5.3 cents, daily average 2.79. Jerseys cost 0 cents, daily average 2 OS pounds. We have found a good oats and timothy soil up in Wisconsin lately. The heavy blanket of vegetable mould that covers Iowa is not so deep up there. The water level between hilltop and bwmap seems to get nearer the surface arid make an oats and timothy soil. Of course, it is not so good a corn soil as ours,but the people up there add a step to a short weapon. We predicted long ago that dairying would bo the resort as the corn belt was left to the South. We would make farming in Iowa more profitable if we made the most of pur rich soil as they must make the most of theirs. The cow and the dairy is everywhere converting all that grows into higher selling products. We are doing that in Iowa but not all of us. Many Iowa grain growers work to supply the Wisconsin cow with grain, bran and oil cake, who might dispose of these feeds to cows in their own stables. But Iowa farmers can live and sell grain for a while, not the preparing for tho now, and this article Js awttopfi&t now. Old pastures, clover fields , or timothy fields are to be plowed up. Ml way from this time until the freezes. The frosts of w i hte r MU do much toward preparing the seed toed,and early fall plowing will bring about the decomposition of grass roots in the soil and make all ready for tho feeding of the young corn plant in the spring Harrowing late in tho fall, or cultivating with corn plows or other pulverisers, is said by entomologists to disturb the newly laid eggs of tho moths that are mothers to tho cut worms. Tho good corn farmers save their seed corn before severe frosts, selecting the best ears with care, and keeping thorn dry until planting time. This land so prepared, this fall, is ready for planting at any time in spring. Seed corn so saved will grow, planted at any time in spring. Wet weather in spring does not rot seed in such land, as in old land, with no roots In it to keep the soil loose and in the best condition for plant growth. Corn planted on this new sod, with reasonable cultivation, always gets ripe and always yields well. But every farmer froes not yet go to the clover or timothy <>r other grass flold for a crop of corn. The next surest way of getting early ripening corn is to manure the land from the iarnyard for the latest planted com. This also will bring early maturity. The bulk of Iowa corn that is two weeks late is not frown on sod land nor manured land. Sow can it bo hurried out of the way of the frosts? Secure perfect seed and plant earlier. Make the seed bed entire- y smooth and even, so that cultivation an be begun as soon as the plant is above ground. Use a roller to make this jven surface and crusli the lumps, if the harrows have not done the work before planting. If the soil is wet the roller can not be used. If it is very dry it should not be used. A smooth pulverized surface that will permit the cultivators to begin as soon as the corn is up, is imperative, if cool summers and early frosts are to be beaten by the farmer. Then cultivate once a week, and permit no weeds to grow while- the corn is being cultivated. Weeds thrive in cool weather, when corn does not. Cultivation hastens corn gro wth and earlier ma turity, as the plant is better. fed. " If the season is wet, cultivation helps evaporation. If it is dry and hot, cultivation conserves moisture. Look at the fields that may bo caught by the September frosts, and you will readily conclude that those simple precautions have not been observed. The continued prosperity of the State depends. upon these simple things as well as the thrift of the individual farmers who observe and practice them. A full fifty or seventy-five bushel crop means profit for the farmer and all who deal with him. A frost bit- ton thirty bushel an acre crop means no profit to the farmer, nor to any one who deals with him. Arrange for the full crop next time, by preparing for it, and using the very means that they use who are always husking big, ripe, paying , • we would not to surprised If a plk> 5* manure BtiH remains here and thwe ba a few farms Id tow* tfhe beat tu» to tf hlch to pat It hbw is to spttsad it O h th& Ugh test gfaaa found atyWUftn m the farm. Spread it thin. Much mftnuro put on grass lands ii put on too thick. When this is the case the first effect is injurious. It kills some of the grass, and grows some of it excessively rank, which animals will not touch, until it has age enough to loso the manure stoelL When it is spread lightly over tho pas- lufu, half an inch thick oil an average, it immediately begins to feed tho grass plants. The harrow helps to properly spread manurtt and does no injury to the grass. It is an open 'question whether in in i urn does m or-) good spread on the Burt»\c» or plowed in «vtm fW a cultivated crop. Tlu> surfivoo nmnuring is becoming inoro and more popular. For giuss lands, and especially old pastures, surfacn manuring la the only way. Where th» stand is thin this is a good time to utId grass seeds that may bo lacking and desirable. So get out the manure piles and insure, plenty of fall pasture when the fall rains come. Research at an experiment station proves that manures leeching in the barnyard lose most of their value. Remember, only 20 per -cent, of grain fed is assimilated by the stock; the rest is' in tho manuro pile. Therefore, give it back to the land, A VISIT IN GOV. HOARD'S COUNTRY. A visit to southern Wisconsin confirms us In tho opinions we havo held regard-. Ing tho enterprise of ttoepeople^ibijtbrlngi disappointment fegarding the»prpdnctiv» '• Burt Republican. -Editor. BtJKT, IOWA, AUGUST 10,1891. Oats .20 Cattle.'!'.'.'/.'.'.$8.'00 Soi Wheat 75 *i»* t.so Hayvr.;;;::;. 0:66 Corn,.,. 40 Butter .12 .,$4.35 .85 BUKT HOM1S NEWS. We want a bank. We want a drug store. We want a harness shop and capacity of the State. We ttfe vine" presslon that it is a locality similar to Iowa in producing power. In some regards this is tho case. Oats grow better than farther south. Timothy also has moro congenial damp conditions. Fruit trees seom more healthy, but corn does not grow as well, nor anything like -as well. Tho land Is moro gravelly, springy and uneven. There aro fine patches and bare hills, many swamps and much light soil. Wo visited tho region of Governor Hoard and the small cow, aad our hitherto high opinion of that gentleman was still more elevated. It was a noble work to lead his neighbors to tho milk cow, the silo and dairy fanning. Butter shoe Our town is still growing. A. C. Cady was at Algona Friday. A. Hough was a visitor Wednesday. Mrs. Brahm Watkins is on the sick list. Dr. Me Cormaek was a visitor to the burg Monday. Misses Carrie- and Emma Wolcott spent Sunday at Bancroft. Miss Sarah Miller, of Wesley, is visiting Miss Ethel McCormack. Mrs. S. J. O'Neil is expected home this week from her eastern visit. B. Watkins' trial has been put off until the October term of court. He is out again on bail. Fred Wilcpx, our boss butter maker, is expecting his father and mother on a visit this week. Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Lacy were up from Algona last Sunday visiting Mr. and Mrs. II. O. Buell. Ernest Phelps is building a large upright to his residence. Abe Grose is doing the carpenter work. Mrs. Caulkins is soon to commence the erection of a good sized barn on her farm south west of town. Mose Godden has been in the neighborhood threshing out of the shock the Farm fbr Sale. 120 acres near the village of Butt. Partly ^proved, For Sale at a bargain. Inquire at .Republican office. V8F Terms to suit purchaser. Millinery, Dressmaking! .We will do a general Mlilifiery and Dreas^ fJ?™ n Si b "1 lness a ? d earnestly request ;s 'call line. are ln " eed of Wtuing in our ALLI3N J. B. CORK, Real Estate Agt. - BUBT, IOWA. Good farms for sale. our WOLtiOTT. The firm of Benedict & Allen Jv«M^SA. I ^ al i, holdforaii over McDonald's hardware and keep hand a new and complete stock of M- nery goods of the latest styles and at prices to suit your pocketbook. __ _ MRS. BENEDICT. on ilH- C. Baddy Hamster Oil! are found thickly sr.i !':i rl huv </i:ts ll'TOf i/.iiv.-. iu ill. \. V.'. .Bookwalter -proposes to. salve t.i.' ;>r<.'b!.ems by brin.-iuir a colony of uer.s from .some foreign country .and to;.' JJiem Ij-vi' in a villas and farm id-, it wiJJ suivjy fail. The first sily fur the emigrant ..is American- H« must learn township govern- J'.r,<jfcwalt.er proposes municipal m:.cn; Tin-ill, the one tiling that Americans h, Wi- not settled to thrir satisfaction. Then fi winners should mix up, forget sin.i li'iu TI, th« best of them. Neither the jlrilish (. Commons, no* the 'U-rnii'ji Reichstag coul 3 maki- laws far a western Stata that woi lid avoid a rebellion in six months. No, no! Bring- good people here, put t heir children in tho public schools, am I Jet the old rmoplo learn the ways of Am aricans by segregation, instead of.perp etuating foreign ways by aggregation^ •_ Meats of all kinds an- quite high, and crops of all k Inds are very, good. Jt would seem to 1 *; wise to arrange to feed us soon as tho new crops are fit. If oats go down, as they are likely to do, with I hi- greatest crop o^cr grown in the State :sai'ely harvested, it would seem sensible no make meads of them. Oats are excellent to balance com in a ration. The .-c<wn crop may be late—some of it—and feeding is the best use to put it to. Ue. sides, nothing on a. farm is moro pleus- iuit.fjjan watching the change of n lower ( eelling product into a higher. The mistake of,4ast year need not be. repeated, of having $*> corn fodder wither up in the nun, and.g.-scarcity of feed for stock in winter, lo&fr teems with plenty of all kinds, and,the jpghest farming in future U> jMyMMJBic feeding for mUk There is a dilferencb between tho farmers making a grain trust and each farmer selling grain as demands of consumers need it. What' economic principle requires that tho crops should pass at harvest into the hands of speculators? When they got it, it is made tho basis of gambling. Corners are not run for the benefit of producers.•• Trusts in the necessaries of life control output and prices, so that consumers may pay more, and are, made by speculators, not by producers. Farmers do not propose to con- trot output, but are trying to got prices that consumers pay direct. The whole of a crop dumped upon Hie market depresses the price. This is done now to a ruinous extent with most of the staple products of the country. Farmers can hold until demand requires products provided they arrange for it on sound business principles. Debts due should b;> met in u manly way, or arrangements made for credits. Then hold what is being sold to speculators at a sacrifice. QUESTIONS ANSWERED. SEVEKAL QUEttlES. Couxcn, BLUFFS, July o(i—I haw a ± Ce T°t f h thl W und now & oatslor just cut—I thought to cover with light coat of manure, plow shallow, then sow to buckwheat, when in bloom turn under by plowing deep and plant to corn next spring Do you approve of this mode to enrich, and fcSSS h ^whent should be sown to the acre? Is there any other seed you would recommend as being better than buckwheat? When should rye be sown iS «?* n J 1OW growing, for spring pasture and tnenlet go for harvesting? How much rye should be sown to the acre? What manner s best on horse broadcast, or on foot sowing under the blades? _ OHIO Kxox. That would, and cheese factories dotted. Fine patches of oats, small sized corn and careful husbandry in a small way. No steers are seen because there is no grain to fatten thorn. Hogs are grown about half tho Iowa size, and sold thin. The governor advocates the small dairy cow. Ho is entirely right; eondi tions forbid a large one. We were never more struck with the gallant efforts of a people to make the most of adverse circumstances. Iowa people, wo verily believe, accustomed to a heavy volume of crops of all kinds, from a uniformly good soil and less rigorous climate, would como vory near starving up there for a while. We think the people up there havo good reason to advocate spec- past week. Mrs. II. Grain is yielding good. A. Paine, and daughter, Lulu, were visiting in Burt and vicinity Sunday and the first of the week. Miss Lauretta Chapin was visiting Miss Millie Taylor several weeks, returning to her home at Nashua.Priday. Mr. James, a brother of Mrs. Wilder, is a new comer from Green, Iowa, and has secured employment on the section. Mrs. N. T. Colver, of Marengo, 111., was visiting with her sister, 'Mrs. W. 60 cents in gallon cans, 50 cents otherwise. Never before sold for £0 cents. Cady & Hallock, Leading Grocers. WHY I..VTK We live in the center of tho corn belt of the continent. , We can grow the plant with less effort than can the farmers north or south of us, or to tho east or tho west of us. Our soil can be handled bv simple systems of rotation so that we need no fertilizers from outside of the farm. Klessed with such conditions, tho corn crop is overtaken with frosts snnu>- times in September. Can this be avoided ~t The average corn field of the State- is two weeks later than in average years. The apparent reason is late May was wet and July was cool. Can we avoid the consequences of wet and cool seasons? We think so. If wo can not, they deserve pity who live in less favorable latitudes. The proof that corn can be so managed as to get it ripo before frosts come is found in every neighborhood. Certain farmers aie famous for planting, early tiponUig and Le*u»look at thrir »!»«. without question, make the land grow a fine crop of corn next year, or you could plow now, sow winter rye, Bra zo through the fall, winter and spring and plow tho rye under at tho first of May. We would sow either buckwheat or rye thick for that purpose —a bushel and a half of buckwheat or a bushel of rye to the acre. Winter ryo should be sown early in September. Any kind of barnyard manure is W o(l. We. never rode a hor-e sowing broadcast, but it may bo « good j,], m j,, ta i; ( .,, ni <]']„.,.,. will be a g_rcat benefit fnund in b<jj,h the decaying immure fn:m the barnyard and Irom tho plowin-un.-ier of rv<> in ih- spring. Cure K | 10 uld be taken when plowing ryo under to harrow or roll at once to prevent the land from urvingout. You can easily double an avenu^ crop on old land this way. u is w ,. uill ,, ]iltt , for buckwheat, it kills so easily with frost. ial dairy cattle. They could not sustain any other kind Their theories fit their surroundings admirably. Wo do think however, that it would pay our State well to have a fund placed in the hands of our governor to pay tho expense of bringing tho governor down, now and then, and with him some other northern advocates of small sized, special dairy cows for everybody. The din of this advocacy is becoming monotonoua. It is spreading over the North, so that the very A B C of farm journalism is discussion favoring small, wedge-shaped cows, 700 pounds weight or so, for all mankind. It would pay to change their tunes, because they aro able fellows, and taking in thair talk They should seo an Iowa cornfield, .a township of corn, a corn county, sco signs of tho 300,000,000 bushels grown in Iowa, and be .led to reflect upon the impossibility of keeping cows small under such conditions! No wonder they aro opposed to large cows up there. ' Nature fits things to conditions. Large breeds would become small in a few generations. or so, returning C. Colver, a week Thursday evening. J. B. Cork is still in the sunny south, and the way he is getting away with the fruit is a caution. It is reported that he is gaining very fast around the waist. Rev. Tans wishes us to that the Sacrament of the Lords sup-' per will be administered Sunday, Aug. at the Grange A new rmnance by James M. Lutllow entitled A King of Tyre: a Tale of the ot Ezra and Nehemiali, will be pubhsiied next . week by Hiirper & Those, who Imve rend Dr luucs pubhsii Brothers. thfi TESTING MILK. ttoy nmk« a the big early crop*. coin- on Can way? in milked while¥is"ye't'wirm. K ""* !U ** Milk can be tested after it'is after the cream rises, but there is more work about it. Tho Patrick composite plan preserves milk for a number of days, by the use of corrosive sublimate one and a half to two and a ,half grains finely powdered to a pint of milk. This is not practical in your case, but proves that milk can be so preserved that it can be fairly tested. The difficulty about testing milk standing over night is to get a fair sample. If it is not so well mixe d as s Capinin of Hit- .tunixuries will need no introduction U) this story. The picture which is presented of fife and manners ,u th<- court of King Hiram is remarkably well drawn, and is evidently the result of painstaking study ami scholarly research. The story- is marked throughout, by originality of treatment sustained dramatic interest. 01<! to iiii«l«r OIK,.,.. your carpet ut . O! how I dread to see my hair turn ing gray, is a remark inude by so many Jadit's. It they only knew that 75 cents invested in one. bottle of Beits' Hair Henewer would not. only check it at once, but give it a luxurious auil alossy appear- a w ance , .we know that they wojild pot heg- when it came from the cow the test may show more or less fat than the average of the milk. Testing when the milk is drawn or having samples taken tbi-n to b> the surest v»y to ml • I uad ^ boy lives to "do so some more" 1 1 Fof|»l«byDr. Death imil its .Struggle. Up to. now whoso entered into a fight with death, fought a losing light —now science has discovered a way to circumvent even death-Haller's Sarsaprillu and Burdock grapples with a disordered system and carefully builds and reorganiy.es. Try it. For sale by Dr. L. A- Sbe&t/. 'i'he Siutill Boy pple*. They are green apples and then he baa colic, cramps and diarrhea and thinks he's going to die and won't ever, ever steal again. The careful mother always buys a bottle of Hal'ers Puiu Paralyzer 30, at one o'clock, school house. ^ Mart Pen-is has the stone wall laid for another house, near the one now occupied by Jm. Kerr. They say, when completed, it will be occupied by Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Billsborough. Mrs. Currier, mother of Mrs. B. F. Taylor, was visiting here for the past six weeks and returned to her home in Nashua, Iowa, Friday last, accompanied by Mrs. B. F. Taylor, who will make a short visit under the parental roof. Lewis Tibbets, who had the misfor- •line to have his shoulder badly injured by the discharge of a gun, is reported to be improving. lie was inured in the shoulder, the wound heal- ng and doing as well now as could be expected. Joseph Thompson, one of Kossuth's 'oremost farmers, was in our lively ittle burg Monday. He had, as usual, many words of praise in favor of our Burt. "No town in Kossuth County" said he, "has a richer and better country for its support." O'Neil & Kerr have everything about their elevator in good running order and are already busy taking in the new grain. Their engine runs perfectly and it is a big improvement over the old way of handling grain. The red elevator is a big improvement to our town. The Algona District Annual Camp- meeting is to be held at Livermore, Iowa, this month from the 24th to the 31st. Extensive preparations are being made to make it pleasant for all who attend. Anyone wishing information should write to Rev,. A. W. Luce, Livermore. Iowa. • We would not be doing justice t.p, the Burt department should we omit men- ioniug the old folks' concert which occurred Saturday evening. The pro- gramme as published last week was carried out and each part well render- id. All who took part did themselves credit and at various times during the evening were showered with -JOCIUBtS HMi^v >n-i.rt «;»•»*.,. ,. *• j_i . . were Burt has a Furniture Store. Buy your furniture of W. M. Cook. good stock and reasonable prices, Don't Fail To seo our line of foot wear for Men, Women and Children. A Dandy in a Ladle's Fine Shoe for $1.7& Oil Grain Shoes in all sizes, cheaper than you ever saw. them. Truly yours, NMolson & Biieli E. MARBLE Still runs a AT BURT. Fresh Groceries always on hand and a. good assortment of General MerchandUe TilTiiF I call special attention to the following articles: Machine, Castor and Diamond Engine Oil, Anthony Mayne Washing Machine, BURT, G. B. WHITNEY, IOWA. STOP -AT THE- Jts. The receipts of the evening about $25. Wheu ln or in need of shoes • , i' .*"»«» —» <» MWOUUJ. OUUCO 01 boots we want you to come in and aspect our stock and prices. We have a few specialties that can't be found elsewhere. ~ - — •* HOTEL! M,i. MAYHBW, Proprietor. The Burt . MeatMarkd. EI.VIDCE BROS. Proj^T .. Fresh and Cured Meats

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