The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on July 29, 1891 · Page 10
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 10

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, July 29, 1891
Page 10
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an6 Stock ljar&, JAMfc* WILSON, Editor. f f Tde*« are «oll«it«cl from owr farmer reader*, Que»J« will he answered. Addrei* to the Editor, lames Wilson, Traer, Iowa.) This is the time to kill trees and brush 1f you have time to do it. Move your hog yards every ferr years. Tha hogs will bo healthier. Let Animals move slowly and go slow yourself in extrenw hot weather. Tho fnt hog can not travel far in the hot sun for water or any other purpose. Mushrooms are coming. Those pink .colored underneath ivre good. Any other color is doubtful. See to it that hogs have plenty of clean water in hot weather. They will not be healthy without it. If any manure remains in the yards get it out before the fall rains como and wash the. best substances out of it. Many a hog has got his death by swatting in a straw stack. Think of this when you stack near the farm buildings. Teuoh tho colt to eat oats before weaning; If you can get it to drink sweet skim milk it will be good for it Give it clover hay, and no corn. Robinson, the Canadian dairyman, says palatability is of more importance than balancing tho ration. Sanborn says economy is tho first principle in balancing the ration. The steer that sells best now-a-days husjust as little bone as is necessary to coivfey his weight. Consequently, fine bone is a feature. People do not eat bones. They sell at low prices for making buttons and bone black. Dr. Wallace, visiting in Belgium, finds field laborers getting from fourteen to twenty cents a day, for women and boys. If immigration is to be looked into, wo suggest a million of these women bo allowed to come and do housework at our prices. _ Fat cattle are paying well. From $5.00 to $6.25 is a good price. Iowa feeders are making money. Take all the years since we have had tame grasses, one with another, and the fanners who have bred and fed good cattle have prospered, and are. well-to-do to-dav. The dairymen who have the milk feature of the Columbian exposition in charge have dubbed four breeds—dairy breeds—and shut out the rest. Guern- seys, Jorseys, Holstcins and Ayrshires ara the lucky breeds. It took from 1,200 to-1,500 days at the New Jersey experiment station to find little difference between these breeds and Shorthorns. A writer in the Country OAitlcman says': ".Laziness is the reason why farming' does not pay in New England." Thtjre is no truth in this. No people on earfth work harder than the Yankees. Fawning does not occupy the leading place in public estimation there. The land is by nature thin and poor. Bad systems pursued for long periods have exhausted the soil, and cheap transportation from the prairies has ma-do funning unprofitable there, except in the gardening lines and choice dairying. Will five special dairy eows and five special beef eows make more milk and beei than ten cows that milk well and breed good feeding steers" Is it as con- veirffent for the Iowa fanner who has abundant feed to keep special cows of two kinds as to keep one kind that will answer both purposes? The owners of a very few cows that will not make beef profitable insist that tho .special milk cow only is profitable in the dairy. Will OUB farmers who have corn to feed keep both kinds'.' There are many suggestions about curing a cow of kicking. Our way is to scratch her a while, speak low, as if you wanted her vote and influence at this polls. Bye and "bye she will chew her cud, and then you. can milk her. Soon she, will look for your coining, set her foot back and enjoy being milked. Tlio other way is to give her a kick tho first thing, then tell her to "stand round, you old rip!" Then yell, "so, thorn!" then when she kicks—as she- should—take the stool and pound her, using expletives. Yon will get little milk, but as Bunyan expresses it, you will gratify your "dog- gish nature." Special purpose cows and special purpose men can not bo compared as some quite abh; writers try to show. Hoard talies the ground that we need special purpose cows and special purpose niun. Prof. Shaw advocates general purpose men and gent-rid purpose ccnv.s. Sir Isaac Xewtun discovered the law of gravitation and was an. efficient m.-istur of Uio mint. Sir Win. Thompson devotes his energies to electricity. Hoard studies dairying and politics, but insists Unit general purpose men are failures. We think Hoard is a success. There are some vocations in life, that require all energies to master. Inside those vocations the field is very wide. The Homestead has an article tolling h/u w guuiure from oil meal fed grew corn , • v> oj. ,<rom corn fed. This is very He foi, rn f oc ] manure contains having pu froju lhc lltmospherc . Bet out to e> , . . scarcely unylT Ure vCOntamS ? hat rooms; but m' om the atmosphere. found some ! carbonaceous. The Lard as stoiV 8 nitrogenous. Ma- and ate som^oiinous plants likeclo- of water forMitely more valuable eagerly. "T]f om that contains a Any kind of roamiw made from any kind of fodder is valuable in that It loosens tho soil, makes it more porous and fits it better for plant growth. Tho shoat crop Is now weaned and requires quite as much experience to prop, orly manage as anything on tho farm. They are of ten allowed to rustle and never Should bo. They should bo attended to regularly with food twice a day. Supposing that thoy have pasture and pure water and shade, the next thing is what to feed them. If they got corn it is a heat fnt former. If they get oats that is a heal, and fit-sh former. Skim milk is a llesh former, because it has tho casino. Oil meal is a iiesh former, because It has albumen. Peas and beans are itesh formers, because they have legumen. If you want to fatten the. slioats feed coun for tho most part. If you want to grow thin, feed corn for the least part of their ration. The temptation to food corn to young things is great, and neither pig, calf, lamb, colt nor child should got much of it. All things considered, the milking of tho cows is the most important feature of dairying. Other things can bo got hold of by study. Milking requires practice, long practice. There are milkers and milkers. A follow will sit down as if ho was to bo killed by electricity. He works his elbows up and down, growls and strains, and tires and frets, and does not get all the milk. The cow knows a botch is milking. Another who is trained to It gentles tho caw a little, with a few pats and soothing words. He uses wrist and finger motion only. The cow raises her cud, shuts lior eyes and goes away to dreamland. The. milk begins to come. The milker takes it as it comes In quick, steady streams, right and left. Tho foam rises in the pail, six minutes does tho job, tho cow enjoys it, and all the milk is drawn. A change of milkers is always bad for results. A slow milker will not get as much as a quick znilkor, a rough fellow will got less than a gentleman. Good milkers learn young, and it is not a disagreeable job to those who milk easily. It strengthens tho arms quite as well as exercise In tho gymnasium. Iowa milk is made from stronger feeds than tho milk of most States and countries, consequently it is stronger milk, and the product from it is stronger. Our State has established this with regard to butter, and when we give attention to cheese for export we will establish Iowa brands. The strength of Iowa soil is manifest in our beof, that excels everywhere when it is finished. It is also evident in our horses of all breeds, speed, carriage and draft. It is seen in tho vigor of the young people that are growing up. The commerce of the country consists to a largo extent in fetching and carrying products hither and thither. Great markets exist to buy and distribute farm products, and supply the producing West. The. outside world requires the strength of our soil, to directly or indirectly help its soils. Fortune waits for those who best handle our soils and make the most of our products, and the possibilities of money making from farm products are just dawning on our people. Milk has more promise than any other farm output. We read a discussion among farmers about the wisdom of cutting corn for fodder. Take a mangel and dry all tho water out until nine-tenths dry up, take that one-tenth left and feed it against the dry matter in a corn stalk, which is about three-fourths of its shock weight, and the corn stalk is nearly as good as the beet. Take the green mangel and the green corn .stalk weight for weight and the corn stalk will beat the mangel for milk. A heavy acre of green corn is iiO.OOO pounds, this is a heavy crop of mangels also. The acre of com fodder will make far more milk than the man- gels. The only fair comparison is after the water is evaporated, when the dry matter of the root crop is only tan per cent, of the whole. The Ontario station proves that corn ensilage equals roots for some feeding purposcw, and still some of our farmers see. no good In corn fodder or ensilage. The corn crop is the great crop of Iowa, ear and stalk, condensing sunshine to warm up the stock in winter with, a crop no country grows like ours, the food of peoplo in the South, the basis of our beef and pork, horses and sheep, the leverage of the Iowa farmer over other people east and west, valuable iu all its parts—stalk, husk, ear and cob. The. season for stacking grain is here. The work is not universally well done. Old countries thatch grain stacks. Eastern States build big barns to hold it. We .stack it in the fields, and most seasons the weather is dry, but not always. Stacks not properly built take rain and much is lost that way. There is no need of losing grain this way. A stack is as easily built on correct principles as otherwise. Stacks should not be too wide. If they are it is hard work pitching at the toj). Sheaves should be laid so if rain falls it will run out instead of .into the stacks. The center of the stack Should be highest and hardest, so that the outside bundles will lie, slanting. Sheaves can .be laid with a fork, thu stacker standing on his feet The pitcher should throw the bundles so that the stacker need not turn them. Care must be taken to keep up the heads of the bundles by packing the center full. This applies to hay stacks as well as to grain stacks. After the stacks are built a hand rake is of benefit to straighten out the outside and prepare it to turn rain. Something to keep the wind from taking off the tops of tha stacks should bo put over. A little- extra turn given to this toklngly tort. is often mo- Our horse, hog a6d aheffp taen want a fence different from the teMtog bwb wire. An Industry is epf inging tip In th picket fence lloe. Native grvtm aim cottonwood, willow, tnaplo and the liku are being Sawed into pickets aad woven Into smooth wire by machined at all oar villages and towns. This la j U8 t the thing for horses and avoids mutilating thorn as the barb wlro docs. It is jusl the thing for hogs and sheep, and wit revolutionise farming-in many directions. Wo can farm bettor with more subdivisions of fields. Tho barb wlro Is not ox- culled as a cattle fence, but Is not what is best for anything olso. On this point a very interesting discussion is going on ig tho railway commission of tho State. People want to ship logs by rail to tho mills, and want coal rates. Tho rail roads ask lumber rates. Hence the contention. It would scorn to bo sensible to make, low ratos on this business and encourage its growth. Tho State has worlds of such material, and tho freight would be additional to what tho roads now have. Wo have often thought that if tho owners of tho roads could meet tho patrons In convention and have sitrdown talk such questions would be easily settled. But tho attorneys fight all such propositions. Tho commission can only decide one way, it scorns. Grain carrying will coaso to a great extent and tho roads will find their surest profits in carrying for diversified Industry. Farms would yield moro if each had a good deal of picket fence. SOILING CROPS. When land is worth $50 an aero and must return interest or rent on that valuation, independence regarding systems of farming it vanishes. Old-fashioned methods of men who are Independent, financially, and refuse in the decline of life to loam new ways, must ho abandoned when younger and poorer men have their ways to make in the world. Beof- inaking can he conducted without much regard to breeding or feeding where there is neither rent nor interest to pay. The dairy with its perpetual attention can be avoided by the wealthy farmer who has more beds than he can sleep on, and more clothes than ho can wear, and moro dinners than he can eat Tho case is entirely different where a poor family must make cverlhing count to pay rent or interest, and create circumstances that turn an honest penny. There is no way to sell farm grasses, hay and grains like feeding them to a good milk cow, provided the owner desires to turn his labor into money. This truism is being recognized so generally that elaboration is not necessary, but how to make the most out of the milk is a question that requires careful consideration in the interests of the families that do milk tho cows, and that pay rents and interest money. Perhaps the complete pasture that affords pk-nty through all the months of good enough weather for a cow to bo outdoors makes tho cheapest dairy product. Tho adding of a grain ration depends upon prices and convenience. Every man who is willing to help himself, through the cow, may not have a first-rate pasture: The' hot season comes and if tho pasture fails the profits of the year begin to vanish. Look about and see. The soiling feature will intervene hero with great advantage, that is, we can make a few acres of green feed, grown for the purpose, help over tho dangerous periods of dairying, and this is the season to arrange lor it. Tho first thing fit to cut would be winter rye, sown early in September. If tho land is made rich a sward can bo had by tho first of June, or two weeks sooner if desirable. Greon rye is rated as good green feed as any single tiling. It can bo followed by red clover in tho latter part of June, or as soon as red clover will do to cut It can be fed with the rye. Better results are always had from mixed feeds of anything suitable for the purpose aimed at. These can be followed or added to by oats and peas, which are the earliest spring sown plants. When oats and p«as ripon too much for the best results in milk, the rye and clover will cut a second time.and carry tho dairyman over to the green corn period, which is cotemporary with tint second growth of pasture grass after the September ruins come. Some such outline will furnish continuous soiling for dairy cows, either as a help to tho pasture or for cows tied up in the stable, and insure a steady How of milk, which is necessary if the cows do all thoy should do. Against the labor necessary to cut a mess of green feed and haul it in once a day, or once in two or throe days, is to bo set down tho positive loss that is cor- (ain to follow a shrinkage of grass in hot wi-.ather. Wo would farther suggest that all these soiling crops are good for the land. Clover renovates, but not more than peas do. The legumes are tho very things needed to balance a corn meal ration, summer or winter. The pasturu grass in its prime needs no balancing. It is perfect, if there are enough of kinds to keep up a continual succession of flowering grasses. When, however, drouths come and scorch the pastures, they ceaso and fail, and cows invariably shrink. It may be said that the soiling crops would also suffer from drouths, but they make their growths before tho soil loses its sprln" dampening, and being well manured, the growth is moro vigorous in April and May, and they shade tho ground to protect themselves. With regard to feeding, green stuffs when pastures are good, w« have no doubt but that a mess in'the ehado would make the cow respond. This, however, farmery "con rtu*~--.»-~ This Is Iowa. JRev. DeWHt Talmage passed through Dubuque last w«ek and he was induce* to speak his thoughts about the west And this is what Mr. Talmage said: ": think it is the greatest and grandest par of otir grand country. No man with an ounce of brain can travel over its hfoa( prairies and fertile fields, can view its magnificent cities, its varied scenery, its everything, I may, say thatgoes to make it great, without coming to the conclu sion that when God in his Infinite wisdom made this earth, he declared that tha part of it which we call the west in this nation should be great and grand, and be peopled with a brave, hospitable and free people. It inspires me to lofty thoughts when I view your magnificent bluffs, washed by the great Mississippi, your fine scenery and your happy people. Down in the east we are cramped for room; we have sterile hillsides with here and there a little garden spot in a valley; out here you have prairie seas which roll on and on towards the setting sun until they seem to come together in a fond embrace with the western horizon, broken occa sionally by snow-copped mountain ranges whose peaks go up heavenward and serve as steeples on the great church of nature. The eastern people ought to come out hero and take advantage of the opportunity afforded to turn around and breathe. God bless the west. It makes me more patriotic every time I come to the west— this land of milk and honey—a land finer and with greater possibilities than any other the sun shines upon. As I passed through the great prairie state of Illinois yesterday I saw from my car window the busy husbandman gathering in his golden ;rain, happy and contented. He was not a serf; no, he was a free American citizen —a title greater than that of emperor, he had 'tickled the soil and it laughed with the harvest'—bountiful enough to feed not only the people of his own but other lands. Bishop Heber sang that 'West' ward the star of empire takes its way,' and he was right; and 1 have not the least doubt that it will not be many years be- Fore the seat of government in this repub- "ic will be in the beautiful valley of the great Mississippi—that artery of commerce whose source is among the pines of northern Minnesota and whose mouth is in the sunny land of the cypress and magnolia." 1—4 9 t. H ' . For Sale. A bed room set and bed lounge, in fair condition. Inquire at Baptist parsonage. .Says The Southern Medical World : "Mother's Friend" is growing in favor throughout the south and is highly rec- pmminended by physicians. We consider it indispensable to those who know they must pass through the ordeal of child- Dirth. Write Baadfield Reg. Co., Atlanta, Ga. for particulars. Sold by Dr. Sheetz and F. W. Dingley. H AVE the ALGONA REPUBLICAN do your Job Printing. Prices are all right, and the REPUBLICAN has the right •selection of type and all the proper facilities for doing a neat job. If food sours on the stomach digestion s defective. DeWitt's Little Early Risers will remedy this. The famous little pills hat never gripe and never disappoint. For sale by Dr. Sheetz. The Twin City Jockey Club Races will beheld at Hamline, July 22d, to August 8th. Excursion tickets to St. Paul will be sold by the C. M. & St. P. Ry. for a fare and a third for the round trip. Harper's Magazine for August opens vith a remarkably interesting paper on 'New Zealand" by Professor George M. 3rant, describing the wonderful scenery and unsurpassed resources of that remote country which to Americans is almost a erra incognita. Numerous illustrations 'rom photographs and from drawings by distinguished artists make the article doubly attractive. J. 11. Rosny, one of the most brilliant of the new French writers, contributes to the same number of the Magazine a timely and striking article on the "Nihilists in Paris," with portraits and graphic illustrations by distinguished Parisian artists. A beautiful skin.bright eyes.sweet breath, good appetite, vigorous body, pure blood and good health result from the use of De Witt's Sarsaparilla. Sold by Dr. Sheetz. The Sweets is an unrlavored and free imoker. Call at Ladendorffs. Sheetz issues regular Co's guarantee to sure all ailments with Kidd's Germ Erad. ALGONA, IOWA. Tlie year 1801 -1802 will open September 1st yit-li an entirely new corps of teachers with lie former course of study thoroughly revised nto Normal. College Preparatory, and 1 Coin- imroial Courses-, tmd with important changes ' H O£ U tf 8Ch001 - Umler its n«w «mn- ''IF NoimiKun IOWA NOHMAL, Vv lln t'.S'T 6 tlle Preatest possible ' 1 , 111 n t '.,; r ?f 1;llotse1wllo -' 1 \ ish to .takea three years' H „ ?*• f M tlliy Wltl) .'i view to lltting tliem- elves tor the best positions as teachers? T i' J hos i (! wllos ,° time and means are bin who need a drill in the common 1 a ," 11 - lsig , llt lnto tllt) Elementary wm 1 i J J '° r'^- 011 f ° ellaWe tllem to ^ work in our district schools. 3rd. To those who wish to make thorough preparation for college : Our three yean? Col- ege Preparatory Course oilers special advaut- r£n* a ll^n 118 w ; adu " t « s f<»' entrance into the Collegiate Department o£ any college in the " 4th. To the young men and young women vho desire au education equal to that afforded by our seminaries :TJio Academic, or College leparatory Course gives to such the choice of lective studies from either of tlie other coui'S- s, lu pluce of tho languages, if desired. 5th. To those who wish to make preparation or business : The instructor chosen for his department is a graduate of cue of our est Business Colleges -has been a successful eaeher iu the same college, and has had prac- ical business experience as well. Gth. To those who wish to take up studies without entering upon a regular Course there a a wide range each term from which to select, ,nd other classes will be founded iu auy study .esired. Much care has been used iu selecting iu- , h ? 0 fi 1 ? clpal wi " 8eiul l ° a»y wishing it the 8SJ-l8ii2 Aunouueeuieiit, and will wavier fully all letters ol inijuu-y. y. M. CHAKFKK, Burt Republican. . IB. BURT, IOWA, JULY 29, 1891. Oats 25@.80 'Corn 85@,48 Eggs .18 Butter l Cattle $3.00 Hogs $4.85 Wheat 80 Barley .. 45@ ,4( Flax •...$ .85 Hay. 0.0( BUBT HOME NEWS. Will Easterly was at the "hub' Thursday. Mr. Nicholson is now located in his new house. The post ofllce is receiving a new coat of paint. FredDormey was on our streets Thursday last. Prayer meeting at Mr. Nichols' Thursday evening. T. F. Hudson was up from Algona yesterday doing the town. Bead what our merchants have to say in our advertising column. Miss Minnie Breese, of Bancroft, spent Thursday with friends in Burt. Two men and a bear entertained our people on the street Monday evening. Rev. and Mrs. Williams were guests at Ernest Bacon's Wednesday night. Jno. G. Smith was up from Algona between trains last Wednesday evening. E. P. Keith is reported to be improving and it is hoped will soon be around again. The North Western pay car made its regular monthly visit to our city Tuesday morning. Mr. and Mrs. C. P. .Stow are off to Nebraska for a short visit with Chet Stow and family. G. E. Marble is having a stone wall ?ut under his store and is also putting 'in a new side walk. The M. E. people are adding a porch ;o the parsonage. A. C. Cady is doing ;he carpenter work. Miss Minnie Shultz left on Monday for a short visit with her brother, Herman, at Tort Dodge. The machinery for the new elevator arrived last week and is now in its place in proper shape. Nicholson & Buell are digging a cel- ar preparatory to building an addition to the back of their store. James Orr, the boss painter, is paper- .ng and painting the living rooms above the store for. H. O. Buell. The little folks of the town paid Carroll McCormack a visit Monday, the event being his ninth birthday. Mr. and Mrs. G-. N. Patterson are re- ioicing in the birth of a daughter born ;o them on Monday of last week. _ Miss Hose Wright came up from Algona last week and is stopping for a short time with Mrs. G. N. Patterson. W. W. Scott, the tinner, was up from Algona Monday doing some work in lisline. Mr. Scott does most of the bin work that is done in our city. There is some prospect of the Northwestern putting that fast train on igain. We would be highly treated if i\ r e could ride on anything but a freight train and would feel thankful also. The Bancroft News man is nowkick- ng because the Algona players, the Fourth, didn't play better. That is a great way to do, hire players to help .hem out and then go on and tell how ittle they done. In the game between Algona and Bancroft the latter club sent down for Art Stowe, the man that steals so many bases, to help them play ball. Of :ourso, did you ever know of theafplay- ng a game with their own men? Mr. Kerr received word last Wednes- lay of the death of his father, Joseph Cerr, residiag at Eagle Center, Iowa. vlr. Kerr was a man 88 years of age. Mr. Kerr took the train immediately and attended the funeral., returning Saturday evening. The Bancroft man has a good deal bo say about other towns borrowing players to play ball. The fellow has a ;enerous supply of "gall" for it is common talk that the Bancroft nine has carcely played a game this season without sending off for players. Jas. Perkins, the captain of the Bancroft club, was on our streets last Thursday and in conversation with ome of our boys said he didn't know .nything about that $25 challenge until he saw it in the Bancroft News. Guess ake was just copying after us when we wrote that little local that set the Vesley boys upon their ear. The cap- ain of the club can probably arrange his own games. We still say that on the Fourth we had no one but Burt boys in our nine, any Bancroft man to the contrary notwithstanding. Admitting that Mc- Jhesney was not a member of the uine uts no figure. He is a Burt boy all the arne and the Bancroft News quill Iriver ought to use a little school ma'am ense in this matter. The fact is lie is ryingto excuse their actions on the Fourth and is getting into deeper water all the time. Canned apples at Cady &Ha!iock's mly 10c per c»o. DR. Mc'CQftMACK. Physician & Surgeon. Dispenses Medicines. Millinery, Dressmaking. We will do a general Millinery and Dress* mnklnpr business and earnestly request a call from all who are iu need of anything in our & WOLCOTT. J. B. CORK, Heal Estate Agt. BUBT, 10 WA. Good farms for sale. 3STOTIOE. , Th ° J1flri ? of Benedict & Allen having been dissolved, I shall hold forth in rooms over McDonald's hardware and keep on, hand a new and complete stock of Millinery goods of the latest styles and at prices to suit your pockethook. MRS. BENEDICT. have something of i • « good value in men's $2.50 shoes. We purchase them direct from. first hands and they are of exceptional value. OR Our ladies kid $2.25- K Ai ?. is worth y° ur for «V 9^ -° OU1 ' lgh ! ; OJ1 gl ' ain i loi W.25; is good value at $2.50. Our prices on shoes are actually lower than any one else in the city and onr goods are specialties that can't bfr matched m quality and prices. A new- lot just received that you ought to see. Cady & Hallock, Leading Grocers. Bnrt has a Furniture Store. Buy your furniture of W. M. Cook. good stock and reasonable prices, Don't Fail To see our line of foot wear for Men, Women and Children. i ••. A Dandy in aLadie's Fine Shoe for $1,75- Oil Grain Shoes in all sizes, cheaper than you ever saw them. Truly yours, Nicholson & BnelL GKEO. E. MARBLE -Still runs a- AT BURT. Fresh Groceries always on hand and a. good assortment of General Merchandise. LOOK HERE! I call special attention to tlie following articles: Machine, Castor and Diamond Engine Oil, Anthony Mayne Washing Machine, G. B. WHITNEY, BURT, - . . IOWA. -AT THE- BDRT HOTEL! M. L. MAYHEW, Proprietor. Good Accommodations. Livery and Feed Stable in connection with hotel. The Burt Meat Market ELVIDCE BROS. Props. Fresh and Cured Meats Always on Sand, CASH PAID FOB BIDES,

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