The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on July 22, 1891 · Page 10
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 10

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, July 22, 1891
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anb Stock «fAftiE4 WnLSQN, Editor. {Idea* are solicited from our farmer readers. Queries Will be answered. Address to the Editor. limes Wilson, Traer, Iowa.] 1 All grate goes through a sweat in the 'Stack. If stacked too green it moulds. Farm crops in most of Europe are deficient; farm crops in the United States are good. Let Washington people have a caro, the stopping of silver coinage will not bo .tolerated. The capitol is too near Wall street. Good stock is paying well. Prices aro good. Owners are making monoy. Hoof,, mutton and pork at present prices aro what we have been wanting. .No property has a more promising future than Iowa farm lands. Thoy are yielding better as they are farmed better and the world is finding it out. The Iowa experiment station has been looking critically at seeds bought in tho East. Sand and weeds were found in all to-c.n alarming extent. See bulletin No. 13. If you have a favorite herd of sheep or cattle'you would like to show at the fairs, do not over feed the females. Take steers and wethers and show the feeding capacity with them. The question of cutting green feed is being discussed now. We see benefit in doing it for July and August to help tho pastures. We can imagine how it would pay the town man to cut all summer for a cow or two, or a horse and cow, but tho pasture will not be superseded to any great extent until help is cheaper. A Wisconsin feeder substitutes for tho silo a box large, enough to hold a day's feed of cut corn fodder. Over this ho pours hot water and lets it soften. Stock eat up everything. We have suggested this many a lime. The feed will be sweet and palatable. Tho silo makes too much acid often, and spoils much feed always.' When it is said farming does not pay, it depends entirely what you want it to pay for. The average income of the Iowa farmer is greater than that of farmers north, south or east, it will not support people who do not know tho busi- 4 ness and will not learn, nor those who gad about and neglect tho work, nor tho luxuries of the old for the young. "v The surplus is out of tho treasury in ttuculation, doing business, a great addi- tryn to tho circulating medium. Well, business is good, prices an- good, enter- prl^e is quickened. Wo hope the surplus will\ stay out. Napoleon found tho twelve apostles in gold in a town ho had taken*. "Lazy fellows, 1 ' said he, "they should' be going about doing good," and forthwith melted and coined them. Tho experiment station at Amos finds that mangels aro an excellent cow feed, but only 10 per cent, of thorn aro solid matter, and the comparisons made with mangels and other foods wero on a dry matter basis. Tho cows liked tho roots and yielded well on them, but farmers will likel} 7 observe that there is not enough ditloronce between roots and corn fodder or corn ensilage to pay tho oxtra expense of growing roots. The published experiment settles the comparative value of roots and other fodders so closely that the impression if; st.rong that root growing except for sanitation will not pay. Our rich soil grows weeds to perfection. At this season they mature. If the docks and other bi-ennials are taken just when tho seods are full it will be tho end of them, but if cut before that time soed,s will form near the ground and per petuate the posts. Farmers who buy stock aro called upon to ".\orciso perpetual vigilance, as burrs are carried by an- iniuls in their hair from place to place. Weeds are apt to be forgotten in busy times, and maintain themselves. Field weeds that spring up alter small grains ;-aii l)i' greatly reduced it' not oxtorminat- cil by early fall plowing. iliillt'tin No. lil, of tin- Iowa experiment station, has a feeding experiment the tables in which give an illustration i)l' milk testing and how cows vary. The. t'ow.s responded diifoivntly from dilt'oivnt 1'eeds. Tho milk changed most given by fresh cows. Cows advanced in the milking period changed little. A study of Iho tables will show that when a cow shrinks in her yield it is not easy to bring her back. (An-n fodder on tho whole seems to bo good food for milkcows: it gave a shade bo tier results than either corn, ensilage or sorghum ensilage. .begin soon to arrange j'nr ne.vt year's crops. If you have an old pasture that has boon breeding grubs for years that you want in corn next year, plow it as soon as possible in late August or early September. It is tho best way to get rid of cut worms. Gillette tolls us that this will avoid the second brood of eggs from tho moths. Fall pasturing is lost by this method, but there isnreai gain otherwise. Tho land gets in line condition. Tho grass and roots decompose at once, and tho harrow will make the sod mellow ami priable. Slough hay has a ir< hay, and if cut early name as a horse more valuable than when cut late, but it is noc v-f.ry valuable at any time, and grows on our very best land. Thu'fall is a good time, to drain out sloughs that arc very wet in tho spring. Jf the .farmer can not Hud ditch. If the spring water from the hills Is carried promptly to some open chahhe: It will be seen that all tho overflowed land will dry up. Sloughs require enough of outlets to take spring water away, The water is held In the uplands. Drying land changes poor slough hay to a first rate article. The London Agricultural Gazette tells us that the ripening of cheese is known to be due to the life action of bactoriod organisms and moulds. The dairy must have spores of the proper kind. It goes on to tell us that "germs" have to be 1m- portodjbefore cheese of fancy kfnds' can bo made, that a slice grated down In tho curd will give the cheese, tho proper taste. Wc are certainly upon tho eve of entirely new lines of work in the dairy. Bacteriological investigation is as imperative as selection of proper males for the herd, or tho right stylo of cow for milk, or sheep for mutton. Cheese curd must be treated as soils arc treated. Wo must know more of these "germs," know one kind from another, or. we might uso stilton cheese for checldar, or limborgor germs instead of factory skim milk, and scent up a whole dairy with the wrong leaven. It seems that the proper germ is now as well recognized as the farmer knows different fertilizers. Tho dairy bolt of tho country is likely to bo for a while where tho people aro tho most enterprising. Our northern neighbors who can not grow corn as wo do, turn to the dairy, but eventually tho latitudes and soils that grow tho most grass and corn to the acre will make tho most butter and cheese. Beef and mutton and pork will also be the products of thesn latitudes and soils that return most grass and grain to the aero, and cows will bo evolved that suit both tho dairy and tho feed yard as they have on all rich soils. Light, special dairy cows, suitable to thin soils, would grow large and got flesh on their bones on rich soils. Our different localities will resolve themselves into production congenial to each. Wo should listen to men who have, studied their localities. They are likely to have correct ideas about them. When, how- the people on thin soils set out to toll people on heavy soils to keep small, special cows, they are off their beats and isk impossibilities. Iowa will have largo sinewy people, fine horses, handsome women, heavy cattle, sheep and hogs because of generous soil and mild climate. THE MEAT PROBLEM. The microscope is now used on every hog that is to be exported. We have had trouble about our hogs going abroad, and we have boon making trouble about immigrants coming here, Tho microscope is the solution of the difficulty. Apply it to the Mafia, the anarchist, tho criminal, the contract laborer. If foreigners object to being poisoned with our diseased meats wo have as much reason to object to the rejected of foreign society that comes here for mischief. Wo aro preparing to send oflicial antecedents of every hog along with it across the Atlantic. Lot our government require the antecedents of what is to come hero for adoption and citizenship. Surety it is as necessary that wo have good citi/,ons from abroad as that they have good moat. Tho death by trichina of a few foreign customers who got unhealthy meat from us is not as serious as the destruction of American liberty through the vicious elements from abroad. Foreign governments say they want our moats if they aro wholesome; we cnn say tho same about their citizens. It's n poor rule that will not work both wayp, and while the microscope is about it, lot it toll us what is in tho wines and other liquors, what stuffs aro iti imported clothing, and until they do, exclude such things until they use the magnifier and send a certificate of the result. The attempts by foreign governments to keep out our me&ls will load to unlocked for results. Secretary Rusk is building more extensively than most people suspect. Fair play to tho American farmer will come—it is coining. The farmers' movement is a national blessing. I'ASTMUXO AVIJ .SOIMJ«J. Pasturing is the natural way of koej>- ing stock over summer, and no country wo know of has entirely abandoned it. When hinds are cheap it is tho only practical way, but as population increases and towns grow up with many people who do not produce what they eat, and land becomes dear, soiling gradually comes into practice. The West is coming to that point in many localities. Tho advocates of feeding green -feed indoors or in a yard array tho losses by pasturing. Cuttle will not eat grass soiled by themselves in any way—by lying on it, by breathing on it, by trampling on it, by droppings on it—for some considerable time. U rass or other green food cut is practically all oaten. It is cut and fed when the. plants aro at their best A more satisfactory result is obtained by rigid management. Tho effects of shorS pastures by drouths aro avoided, ma* mires are. moro easily applied, and so forth. Against thoso drawbacks to pasturing i.s tho one objection to green food- ing—the expense, of it. Iowa farmers will not in our day to any great extent adopt soiling, but many of them can and should bolp bare pastures with something cut greon. We can have certain returns from good oows, or well bred steers or horses or sheep or hogs. We turn out all those to pasture in the spring. All do •well while tho gross is growing rank and in plenty. Hot woather comes and from ovor stocking, perhaps, or from under- sc-vdinir of the ]>asUm>s, the growth bo- himself by helping his stock to enough to eat. A fevir acres will do it. tt takes some time to cut and haul in green feed. It would be better to have it done everyday, but once in three days will answer if the stuff is spread out over a floor. The farmer has been suffering the loss o] shrinking in his cows, no growth in his young stock. This is serious; Jt is what no good farmer should tolerate; no thrifty farmer will permit it. Our*" seasons vary. The pasture that yields plenty will not next year, and we can not con trol the seasons. We .can have winter ^J^SL^lSty. 0 .? an d oats and peas and millets' and corn'To'r"this very purpose, and wo can uso them with profit whether thero is plenty of grass or not. If wo do not uso them to oko out a bare pasture, wo can let thorn go to the uses common to thorn. The ryo can be harvested, the clover cut for hay, the oats harvested, tho peas allowed to ripen and tho millet and corn can be- cut for fodders. We can not imagine how a dairyman can successfully conduct his business without this feature being added to his business. Corn has boon used to some extent, but it does not come soon enough, nor has corn the nutriment when cut in the hot season that clover, oats or poas have, nor is corn fit to cut at all for profitable feeding until the severest weather Is ovor. Somo of >ur largest farms havo plenty of grass at all seasons when the ground is clear of snow. We doubt if this Is practical with small farms, but green feed in July and August and longer is entirely practical, and without It profitable dairying cannot in our opinion bo carried on. THK OATS CROP. The oats crop will be very heavy in Iowa this year. Crops are reported bad in Europe, and this may bring good prices, but oats will be within tho roach of feeders this winter—something that was not the case last winter. The most profitable disposition of tho crop for present and prospective profit is well worth considering. Many Iowa farmers never think of selling grain, no matter what the price Is. Thoy sell horses, or beef, or daily products, and the oats go that way. This class of men aro our well-to- do farmers. Their farms are improving steadily. Their minds are enlarging steadily. They grow in knowledge of animal economy, and improve their flocks and herds, and rear intelligent families in contact with tho best methods of management. To them nothing need be said farther than with regard to tho most economic way of feeding. We havo for several years been convinced that feeding oats in the bundle is more profitable than tho grain threshed. The straw is preserved in the best condition, tho bundles can be hauled in in winter when there is plenty of time to do it. Tho stock oat everything up clean, and a bundle of oats is a good enough ration for any animal, unless it bo a milking cow that you want to do her beet, or a feeding steer or sheep. These may have corn meal or bran or oil meal, added. When oats sell fo:- twenty cents it costs over twenty-five per c«nt. of the oats to get them threshed, besides losing the straw to a great extent. It must bo clone when the machine comes, in weather when late haying'or corn cutting, or plowing, or husking, or other pressing fall work is in season. Most of the spring chickens are consumed, a largo per cent, of the canned fruits and other women's idols aro gone, and they require management to win back their best smiles. Many animals do not eat oats- masticate them any better than a cow Chews ear corn, and a very large per cent, is lost Feeding- in the sheaf is better in all respects to indoor animals, and we havo often fed them-out of doors on frozen ground, where nothing was lost. Outs grown for sale aro likely to sell down this fall. Far more will be put on the market than the market requires for immediate consumption. You notice along the lines of railway store houses for oats. They arc piled up and kept there for a rise iu the market. The men who buy to hold make far more money out of the Tain than the farmers that produce it. Whoever will grow oats to sell should at least hold until those who consume ro- quirii-them. Credit U/tho extent of tho selling value istis freely given to the farmer as to tho speculator. Selling grain at fall prices generally is where wo let slip one of our opportunities. We run down prices by over supplying tho market, and here tho speculator has his opportunity. Oats make a well-balanced ration. It is just the thing for horses, colte and young stock generally. It improves the corn ration greatly for feeding steers. A bunch of steers living on a com diet for half tho time necessary to make, them ;ood beef will take a new start if outs be added to their rations. This makes oats necessary for those who would sell for top prices. They act as digestion correctives. They are a crop that exhausts tho soil We have only a fow plants in general cultivation that act as manure to the soil, the grasses plowed under and lover roots being our readiest fertilizers. Jorn and oat growing for sale off the farm have proven themselves exhausters of tho soil, though not so severe as flax or wheat. Tho oat crop, then, grows at the expense of the farm and should not t>o sold at such a price as does no good to the farmer. Just now these considerations are in season. We hav« such a Top as we do not often get. Its volume will temporarily depress it. Look about for ways te sell it well, through improv- ng young horses, through fattening grade cattle, through growing young •iogj|, through the dairy. If you have little stock and much oats, hold while you •>ee tho speculators hold, and sell when ;hey sell. You worked hard for the oats iiid have much to meet with tho. jirkv. The crop is a leverage if rightly :tpj>)ie<,' Additional Bancroft News, Northern iowa Baptist Association. The opening sermon of the Hoithera Iowa Baptist Association, was preach' ed on last Tuesday evening by Rev. A. A. Wilcox of Eenwick at the Baptist church and it was one of the good old fashioned orthodox sermons so much appreciated nowadays. On Wednesday morning after devotional exercises began the reading of papers, and their discussion among which Miss Jennie Bailey's paper on the subject "How shall we raise our benevolence money" was.especially worthy of mention. On account of its excellent suggestions it was ordered printed in the standard, and A. A. Johnson editor of the Corwith Crescent will print it in pamphlet form. Bev. Eobt. Carrol had the subject of "How to win souls" and to say that it was handled in a masterful way hardly gives Rev. Carrol praise enough as he is one of the most successful revivalists in these parts. The closing sermon in the evening was delivered by F. UST. Eldridge which was 1 especially directed at the young people and Eev. Eldridge is so well known that no commendation can add any laurels to his fame as an orator. The meetings were a success and everyone felt that it was good to have attended them. 4O + Says The Southern Medical World : "Mother's Friend" is growing in favor throughout the south and is highly rec pmmmendeil by physicians. We consider it indispensable to those who know they must pass through the ordeal of childbirth. Write BaadfieldReg. Co., Atlanta, Ga. for particulars. Sold by Dr. Sheetz and F. W. Dingley. H AVE the ALGONA REPUBLICAN do your Job Printing. Prices are all right, and the REPUBLICAN has the right selection of type and all the proper facilities for doing a neat. job. If food sours on.the stomach digestion is defective. DeWitt's Little Early Risers will remedy this. The famous little pills that never gripe and never disappoint. For sale by Dr. Sheetz. The Twin City Jockey Club Races will be held at Hamline, July 22d, to August 8th. Excursion tickets to St. Paul will toe sold by the C. M. & St. P. Ry. for a fare and a third for the round trip. If you want a pair of shoes don't buy until you look over the bargains at our shoe sale commencing tomorrow. 43 G. L. GALBRAITII & Co. A beautiful skin,bright eyes, sweet breath, good appetite, vigorous body, pure blood and good health result from the use of De Witt's Sarsaparilla. Sold by Dr. Sheetz. At this time of the year we close out all remnants and shape our stock for fall trade Now we have placed on a counter for that purpose a large line of remnants in Dress Goods, Shirtings, G-inghams—in fact all sorts of stuff, and will be sold for one half its regular value. Our Swiss embr'dered flouncings in white and black, are marked down and will be sold at less than cost. We have just received a new lot of trunks, extra fine large ones for ladies. Any lady who is thinking of buying a trunk will do well to look over this line. We guarantee to please her, having over twenty-five to show her. T Burt Republican. , B. BURT, IOWA, JULY 22, 1891. Oats 25@.80 Corn 85@.48 Eggs 13 Butter 12 Cattle ...$8.00 Hogs. $4.85 Wheat. 80 Barley.. 46Va " Flax $ .85 nay.f .40 0.00 KURT HOME NEWS. Art Stow was a Bancroft visitor Friday. J. B. Jones was on our streets Tuesday evening. Our machine men are now selling lots of machinery. A. D. Billsborough visited Boone the first of the week. James Andrews has his new barn nearly completed. Cady & Hallock have added a 6 cent counter to their stock. Mrs. K. L. Wolfe, of Algona, was in our city Thursday last. Dr. McCormack was at the Clear Lake reunion on Thursday. Jud Healey has been hauling lumbe.r for his new barn the past week. Ed Meinzer has been visiting his brother here during the past week. Geo. Angus has returned to Ames to pchool. He is to graduate this fall. E. P. Kieth has been very sick during the past week, and is still quite sick. Mr. Bunker is now able to be around some and we expect to see him clown town in a few days. Brahm Watkins is about to commence the erection of a good sized barn on his farm south of town. A. B. Sheldon was in attendance at the Clear Lake reunion the most of last week, and reports a pleasant time. The Mayhew hotel shines in its new coat of paint. A good big sign wortld complete the bnilding and set it off in fine shape. Miss Florence Thompson, of Corwith, and Miss Jackson, of Sheffield, were visiting with friends in our city Friday and Saturday. D. B. Avey lectured on Stanley in Africa Friday evening. Thursday evening, owing to the rain, there was no lecture. His lecture with views Friday evening was well attended and well spoken of by all who were there. The "devil" that set up our copy last week made us say that W. P. Winter was now receiving a pension of $2 per month, when it should have been 2 per-month. The new comer at Mr. Anderson's which we reported last week, should have read girl instead of boy. There were six baptized on Sunday the 12th at the M. E. service. At the Frink school house last Sunday three were baptized and received into full connection, also one at Fenton. The baptism by immersion announced for next Sunday will be deferred. Instead there will be the usual service at Burt and Buffalo-Fork church with baptism by sprinkling. ENTITLKJ) TO THE BEST. When you pay a good price for your tea you are entitled to the best. Out May Flower brand of TJncolored Jap is winning its way to the front because it is a good article. If you have not tried it yon can get a sample free of charge by calling at Cady & Hallock's and asking for it. The following books are announced as nearly ready for publication by Harper & Brothers: Dally, a novel by Maria Louise Poole; The Uncle of an Angel, and other stories, by Thomas A. Janvier; A Man's Conscience, a novel by Avery Macalpine; and Tales of Two Countries, translated by William Archer from the bwedish of Alexander Kielland. The last named volume, which is an addition to the "Odd Number Series," will have an introduction by Professor H. Boyesen. Canned apples at Cady & Hallock's only lOc per can. ALGONA, IOWA. The year 1891-1892 will open September 1st with an entirely new corps of teachers, with ,he former course ot study thoroughly revised into Normal, College Preparatory, and Oom- neicial Courses, and with important changes n the plans of the school. Under its new jnan- 4 '•!? NOHTHHHN IOWA NOBMAI, Wl11 1 J 1 "\ to ,give the greatest possible f tue tollowlug •m,?, 1 .' To Jl'ose who wish to take a three years' S?iv?«f 0t M tm i ly » vvitl) ,# vl(3W to fitting themselves lor the best positions as teachers? 2nd. To those whose time and means are iited but who. need a drill in the common -i J f'l^A'i' 1 a ,? "^ght into the Elementary Studies of the Profession to enable them to do •Hood work in our district schools. 3rd. To those who wish to make thorough preparation for college : Our three years' College Preparatory Course offers special advaut- iges and Jits its ttimluates for entrance into the uonegiate Department of any college iu the Sali?. 4th. To the young men and young women \\uo desire an education equal to that afforded >y our seminaries : The Academic, or College Preparatory Course gives to such the choice of elective studies from either of the other courses, iu place of the languages, if desired. 5th. To thoso who wish to make preparation or business : The instructor chosen for his department is a graduate of one of our )«kt Business Colleges -has been a successful eadier in the same college, and has had prau- ical business experience as well. cth. To thoso who wish to take up studies vithout entering upon a regular course tuere s a wide range each term from which, to select, dud other classes will be founded In auy study desired. Much care lias been used iu selecting 1» tructors iu ELuvwriox, Music, The Princ pal will send to any wJsWag it the •'"-1 ''-A ' i "um-nt, nml Hi 1 ' «ns\.cr f\\\\i' DR. Mc'GORMACK, Physician & Surgeon^ BURT, - IOWA. Dispenses Medicines. Millinery, Dressmaking. We will do ft general Millinery and Dressmaking business and earnestly request a call from all who are in need of anything In cur- line. ALL12N & WOLCOTT. J. B. CORK, Real Estate Agt. BUKT, IOWA. Good farms for sale. . The firm of Benedict & Allen having- been dissolved, I shall hold forth in rooms- over McDonald's hardware and keep on hand a new and complete stock of Millinery goods of the latest styles and at prices to suit your pocketbook. Mns. BENEDICT. SSPWe have a good tea for 85c per Ib. Three pounds for $1.00. Try it. BSfOur Mayflowsr brand of uncolored. Jap; is just the stuff. We are selling lots or it, ama coffee. Sold only by us. (ISf-Largest assortment of green and dried fruits. —, 0 — spices, absolutely pure. Try them and you will use no other. Snow Flake Hominy, Kolled Oats, Fancy Pickles, Table Mustard, etc., etc. BSTMason's Fruit Jars. ffiSpRuddy Harvester Oil. CEIT'Coine in and inspect our goods and prices. Cady & Haliock, Leading Grocers. Burt has a Furniture Store. Buy your furniture of W. M. Oook. good stock and reasonable prices, Don't Fall To see our line of foot wear for Men, Women and Children. A Dandy in a Ladle's Fine Shoe for $1.75 Oil Grain Shoes in all sizes, cheaper than j'ou ever saw them. Truly yours, ICllOlSOll & BflClI, GKEO. E. MARBLE -Still runs a- AT BURT. Fresh Groceries always on hand and a good assortment of General Merchandise. I call special attention to the following articles: Machine, Castor and Diamond Engine Oil, Anthony Mayne Washing Machine, G, B. WHITNEY, BURT, - . . IOWA. TOP —AT THE— BDRT HOTEL! M, L MAYHEW, Proprietor, Good Accommodations. Livery and Feed Stable in connection with hotel. The Burt Meat Market, ELVIDCE BROS. Props. O ....i. Fresh and Cured Meats Always on Hand, Of

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