The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on July 15, 1891 · Page 10
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 10

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, July 15, 1891
Page 10
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cmb Stock JTAJttE* WILSON, Editor. tldeiu arc toKcfted from our farmer reader*. Qtie»iei will be «tn«wercd. Address to the Editor. lames Wil«on, Tr««r, Iowa.) lowft is reported to have0,308,811 acres of corn growing. Most of the bad butter made in hot weather Is the result of high temperature. The makers would deserve pity if ice did not form so freely in Iowa In winter. The Wool Grower advises following sheep with cuttle. Tho shnop Is tho closest grazer and on short pastures tho cattle would not got a living. If one animal is to follow another in the pasture let the cow precede. Clover pests arc multiplying. The best rennedy is shifting tho clover crop. Plow Up one Held and seed down another. The sooner clover seed is plowed in the fall the better for next year's crop, whatever it is. Rotation of crops will excuse us from many insect pests when nothing ulse will. Now that analysis of tho hog for foreign markets is established, it will be but a short time until the same is demanded by home consumers. Why not? If trichina be found at all, that justifies what the foreign consumer claimed, and the health of our people is as important surely as that of our customers abroad. It is a simple operation, a girl and a microscope. The Mark Lane Express telling how cheddar cheese and the bulk of British first-class cheese is made, says: "It is roughly supposed that pressed cheese contains one-third each of water, fat, casino, or what is called curdy matter." The rennet and manipulation get the whny out in an hour. It requires from three to four months to ripen such cheese for market. Mangels do not flavor butter like turnips. Mangels aro not so liable to be eaten by dies when they are, young. They come nearer being the American farmer's root crop than anything yet grown by us. Our system of saving fodders in the pit does away to a great extent with the necessity of roots for milk cows, but for sanitary purpose the root is not yet superseded. Get at fall plowing just as soon as possible. There is no known methods uf killing-weeds so cheaply as by early fall plowing. The great heat that rushes weeds along in August will decompose them just as promptly when they are plowed under. One thing here: do not make balks, they are weed spots in the iiexi crop. Plow straight, it is easiest and quickest done. Set poles to get a beginning and keep the furrows straight, of uniform width and depth. You can not plow well any other way. Every crook is time lost, every dip down is wasted energy, every shallow place leaves a hole. The Vermont experiment station reports that blue vitriol and lime will kill the, parasite that blights the potato. Six pounds vitriol, four pounds lime, and twenty-two gallons water. Spray tho mixture over the blighted leaves. This application saved a field of potatoes in Vermont and is worth trying if Iowa farmers are alllicted. Tho potatoes require from three to five applications. The disease is most likely to appear after the. middle of JuVy. Begin as soon as blight appears. Moisten the leaves thoroughly. The blue vitriol costs froo- 0 to 15 cents a pound and tho lime one- half a cvnt a pound. .Sixty gallons will spray an acre. So say the Vermont scientists. Fall plowing is most beneficial when clone early. If there is a volunteer crop oil grain be, sure to plow it under while it is in green condition and before the frosts wither it, and before the weather bo- comes so cold that fermentation will not take place. The hot weather that grows wi:0(ls so fast will rot them as fast if they are plowed under at the right time. Xo ki.own process kills weeds so fast as early fall plowing. Jiegin after rains and ;irag a chain from the doubletrees to the, plow beam; let it bag so as to bend over 1 he weeds before the furruw. Make no balks or kinks in full plowing—or any plowing, unless it be on new prairie sod. If the plow is thrown out pull it back. Hulks condemn the plowman. Where oat straw is necessary in the feeding ration, stack the crop well and let it sit till it is wanted, provided thera is not burn room for it. Our present habit of threshing oats and turning tho straw into a rot heap, or into a well built stack to be eaten by the slock, is a waste only justifiable on tho frontier. Jt is a waste because oat straw alone is not good enough for stock that are expected to pay. It is wasteful because a large per (wnl. is tramped into manure that in turn is wasted by rotting and leaching. The old plan will do where lands are cheap, and new, and good, and the pioneer is struggling to establish himself, but where prices are away uji and gowl returns must be tad it can not be tolerated, on economic grounds. If outs are fed in the bundle ao.thing need be added j-jvCept for fattening&tock. Jf tin; straw i.i fed after threshing, corn or oil men) feliuukl be added, whic1,.evor is cheapest. A mixture of both is b^t. There is ;i powt--r in an out iield if take/,1 advantage of. An Alabama f/.rm jotinuij urges its readers lo go iuto stock and diversify the farm products. It admits tia- people down there have everything to learn about slp"k and forthwith,like a fakhfui pr.oi.V.'ils V) enlighten them, b/f : . A.4, I ginning with the A B C'a of agriculture, easy lessons as you might say. It compares the music of a thoroughbred bull and a piano, and very decidedly gives its preferences to that of Taurus. It admits that it is ali a matter of taste, tt goes on to say that a piano may buy a mutton head, but will never pay for a bull, while a bull will pay for a piano. This is inductive, reasoning, and no doubt very persuasive. It outlines a way to get both piano and bull, or bull and piano. We quote merely to show the strong parallels drawn down there, and incline to agree with the method of getting u piano. Iowa farmers who have high bred animals have pianoes as a matter of course. We think both are necessary to an American farmer and, his family. Farmers in the south of England grow Indian corn for a crop to feed green. It pays when there Is sunshine enough to grow it. Whore land becomes valuable, and the dairy and meat making, but particularly the dairy, becomes a leading industry. Green crops for summer and fall feeding are a leading feature. Winter dairying pays, and should have attention now. It pays because it enables the farmer to keep his hands at work the year around, giving winter work to men who are otherwise turned out of employment. It pays because much grown on the farm, or that can and should be grown on the. farm at little expense, can be turned into a high selling product. It is the season now to arrange for the winter's work. What the cow requires in luscious, palatable food. Our corn and hay and corn stalks and ensilage are stimclbys, but millets cut green, turnips sown late, pastures saved for late grazing, pastures manured for late feeding, oats harvested in green condition, and tho second crop of clover when it is not cut for seed, all pay to prepare for fall and winter feeding and all tell in the milk pail. No schoolman is doing as much for agriculture as the chemist. The practical farmer progresses by trying, and comes to a halting place. The composition of soils, manures, feeds, meats, milk and the like must be, learned. The chemist leads the practical farmer farther on to his halting place. The entomologist comes to the help of tho practical farmer by telling him about the habits of insect enemies, when to expect them, how to avoid or destroy them. The botanist has a growing field in which to help the farmer. The lower order of plant life, unseen by the naked eyo, operates to aid or injure the farmer to an extent little dreamed of a few years ago. Bacteriolo- icgal research is demanded imperatively now. We may hear too much of the microbe, but it is well understood that before we know all about milk in all its stages from the cow to the limberger cheese or soap greese butter we must set the botanist at work to learn and explain the operations of those unseen but important forces. The practical and scientific men must work together, that tho discoveries of the scientist may be tised by practical application. Sir William Thompson discovers regarding electricity, Edison applies. This illustrates our meaning. If we can get our scientists to attack practical subjects we will get great benefit from their labors. Patrick discovered how-to test milk, patentees apply it. The farmers get the benefit of it. Milk is still a mystery. RESULTS OF INVESTIGATIONS. One result of the work of our experiment stations will be tho putting of proper values upon tho different fodders and grains of the. State. It will be ascertained by practice as well as theory that wo feed corn too liberally to growing and breeding animals; that timothy hay and corn so universally fed make one of the poorest rations possible; that clover hay and corn go well together; that oats are nearly perfect of themselves; that palatability is a point to be looked after; that tho cost of u ration for animals is the first thing to consider, and after that the amount of growing and fattening properties. Corn will always be in the Iowa ration and the question of balancing it will depend on the cost of other feeds. Cotton seed meal will be in the southern ration and the price of com will control the amount used in balancing the ration. Barley will be used on the Pacific and wheat in thu now Northwest. Wo will learn the value of oil meal and stop its export abroad, because as soon as tho general farmer learuB its value with corn he will have it. Iowa will soon inquire what plant can be grown to supply what corn lacks, and after clover the peas and vetches and other leguminous plants will be inquired into uud tried. It will bo learned in this regard that one acre of peas is worth several acres of corn for some purposes, such as growing young animals and sustaining breeding animals. We will Ictirn eventually-whether siloing or other processes of softening is best with regard to corn, and the extent to which ensilages can be substituted for roots. The milk question is uppermost and is in a very unsettled condition, but .students will see alike about all the important features of it us more light is thrown upon it by investigators. V.1IV IOWA CiltOYVS. One of tin- reasons why Iowa property is increasing in value is because- Iowa made money is being invested at home. In past years thou.sun.ds went west to locate on now lands and took much properly with them. Speculative men went south along new lines of railroad and invested in town lots and farms. Some went to Florida and bought ora'ige groves or other kinds of pro^i-ty .o Jmprovo or hold for a ttoe. Some Invested to Oft fornta climate. Large amounts w*nt to all the new points weftt of us as raihtoada progressed. The frait excitement took train loads of Iowa people with the savings of their lifetimes. This has stopped, nearly all of it. Mote people and money are coming to Iowa than are going out. Thousands are now back from the desert, the South and tho West, well satisfied to stay in Iowa. The settlement of the railway problem is doing much for Iowa. Under tho old habits a few towns got special rates and the rest were charged the more. Now it is safe to invest in the village, and It is being done. One locality is no longer robbed to build up another. The Htate is not over charged to boom lands farther west by lower rates than could be had from Iowa points. All this is telling on lown prosperity. Besides, the soils of the State, have proven themselves reliable in extreme seasons, and have got a name for themselves. The fact that the people of the State have a higher grade of intelligence than those of any State in the Union attracts a superior olass of people to our commonwealth. The lowering of rates of Interest is helping tho men who do business. The steady accumulation of capital from a very -excellent soil, that goes on year after year, and the attention given to morals and education insure the future of Iowa. DEVELOPMENT OF SHEEP. Nothing in the line of farm studies is more interesting than the development of our sheep and the development of correct information about sheep. At tho opening of tho war wool was very scarce to make clothes for the army. Heavy duties were placed on imported wools so as to induce home production. There was not at that time a farm journal west of the Alleganies edited. by a practical farmer who could comprehend the wants of the prairies. What we had were, echoes of the East, and the East had developed the littlo Merino for fine wool. Our ppople were told that the wool sheep was tho thing, and what came to the West was of that stamp. The ventures in sheep were mostly failures. A generation of men have passed away since that time and practical western farmers have studied the situation and have seen that the sheep that grazes the . rich fields of the West must be a m-utton sheep first, and a wool sheep next. Practical men who invested i-n the little line wool sheep long ago have been breeding .them for mutton and the West now has many fine flocks of good mutton sheep that grow good wool founded on the Merino sheep of a generation ago. That the sheep of the grass and corn belt is to be a mutton sheep is settled. Europe is being scoured for mutton sheep of all kinds. Observing men see that, the mutton feature conceded, the* question of wool legitimately comes up. What is now wanted is heavy mutton and fine wool on the same sheep, or as near both as possible. Very fine wool is found on some of the mutton breeds. It will pay farmers to study wool, and where the best grows, and how many wool hairs to the square inch on the sheep, and how many wool hairs to the linear inch under the microscope. This is an age of industry, of investigation respecting the industries. If wool hairs laid side by side, from one sheep count 500 to the linear inch, and 1,500 from another, it is sensible to inquire which sells highest. If 5,000 hairs grow on an inch square on one sheep and 40,000 on another it is good business to find which sells the best, and how near the 300 pound sheep can come by judicious breeding to growing tho high selling. Tho rule of thumb did for the past, it will not for the future. The farmer cnn have a profit in his business, but only by using tho same application as the merchant does. It would bo a good investment for farmers now turning their attention to mutton and wool to buy a few books written by the best sheop authorities, books on breeding, feeding, finishing, on mutton and wool, on disease by heredity and disease acquired. The world that has gone before has left some good hints on sheop for us. QUESTIONS AND ANSWKHS. SOME PRACTICAL (JUKIUES. JJOX, Iowa, May 10.—(1) Is there a time in the year to kill hazel brush by mowing or cutting above ground? (3) What is the time, if so? (8) Can oak grubs be killed in the same manner? (4) Does topping facilitate the ripening process with lessening the probable yield? (5) At what state of maturity should com be in to top it and have it mature most successfully? (fy What is your experience in regard to planting potatoes—with or without seed ends? (7) Will you toll me the name and utility of the plant 1 have enclosed? It has the habit of clover, though hardier. It nourishes in the poorest soil and if it is jiot damaging it must be a line fertilizer. Some call it sweet clover. EUGEKIS WlLKY. (1) Huzel brush or grub oaks out ill August are not likely to sprout again. (4) Capt. Speor topped corn to note the effect, when tho pollen was ready to per form its office. The result was an increase in the corn, as the strength of the plant all went to the ears. Ames station will experiment in that direction this fall. (0) Home experiments have been made with potatoes in that regard the seed ends yielded best. This needs confirmation. (7) The plant you send is sweet clover. It is questionable whether it is wise to cultivate it as a forage plant, as the volatile cmvmurin that gives the odor is charged by veterinarians with being poisonous. We have a flno list ot clovers now that respond handsomely, and wu have much to learn regarding their cultivation, curing and uses. We need leguminous plants to feed with, our corn and the cl&yers tire tha teadfestj but Jt is wise to be sur« frboxft pew before using A write* in Mark Lane Express says they feed growing boars, ovof there, bean and pea meal, barley» oats and a littlo of our corn, and lays great strew on tho boat having exercise. Ho cautions against feeding coin, aa It is too fattening. Clover is fed In summer, and Some roots in •winter. Cinders and wood ashes are put In their pens when they arc confined. The treatment differs very littlo from what ours should be and in many coses is. Wo undoubtedly err in feeding everything too much corn. But observing men aro quitting this. Much of tho vigor of tho young pigs depends upon tho health of tho slro. If he has been confined too oloso and fattened so that ho cares littlo for exercise, the pigs may bo expected to lack vigor. Over feeding is very dangerous to tho sires of the herd. Muscular strength In tho sires is to bo secured, if vigor is to bo transmitted in all animals. LAYING PLANS. Tho Boston Globo tolls about a moot- Ing of thirteen Now England congressmen to determino upon a policy. They resolved to stand by Now England, to have tho coinage of silver restricted, and such other things as that section wants. They are to meet again to determino upon-joint action regarding tho spoakership with a viow to subserve the interests of Now England. These are tho methods by which congressmen from that little spot of the country control affairs to the liking of their constituents and consequently aro continued in office and in positions of advantage and power. Tho West does nothing of the kind. Nobody hears of a meeting of congressmen elected by tho farmers and other workers of the West meeting to arrange for what the West wants. It is true the West is the only cosmopolitan section of the Union. Ohio men of all parties stand by tho wool interests. Pennsylvanians stand by the manufacturers and other interests to a man, party or no party. The South is also sectional to the extreme, but their sectional worth keeps their constituents in sympathy with them. Bogus lard, incl the Chicag'd^sto'ck yards, and rebates on railways, and' tho meat trusts and tho like'are of pressing importance to the farmers of the West. No banquets are eaten over which ways and means are discussed whereby those outrages may be made to cease and determine. No, we agonize over third, fourth and fifth parties about local affairs, police affairs, sen- mental affairs, while the representatives from other localities make themselves solid at home by attending first to locality affairs at Washington. At this time of the year we close out all remnants and shape oiir stock for fall trade Now we have placed on a counter for that purpose a large line of remnants in Dress Goods, Shirtings, Ginghams—in fact all sorts of stuff, and will be sold for one half its regular value. Our Swiss embr'dered flouncings in white and black, are marked down and will be sold at less than cost. We have just received a new lot of trunks, extra fine large ones for ladies. Any lady who is thinking of buying a trunk will do well to look over this line. We guarantee to please her, having over Itwenty-five to show her. ias, Taylor, Burt Republican. K. B. HAI/LOOK, ffidltor. HURT, IOWA, JULY 15, 1891. Oats 25@.80 Corn 80@.40 Eggs 18 Butter 12 Cattle..J $8.00 Hogs $4.00 Wheat 80 Barley .. 45<» .40 Flax ....$ .85 Hay.: 0.00 HtJBT HOME NEWS. Frank Marble spent a few days here visiting his brother, Geo. E. There was a party of small folks at Mr. Bacon's Saturday afternoon. J. W. Wadsworth and family, of Algona, spent Sunday at Tom Bloor's, There was born to Mr. and Mrs. B. S. Anderson on Thursday last a boy. A number of our citizens went to the hub yesterday to witness the game of ball. Eemember, half of the proceeds of Avey's lecture go to repairing the church. Eemember the lecture with stereopticon views Thursday and Friday evenings. A number of our citizens intend attending the soldiers' reunion at Clear Lake this week. We want a bank. We want a drugstore. We want a harness shop. We want a shoe maker. C. P. Snow wears a broad smile now days. He is another old soldier that has recently been granted a pension. He gets $12 a month. August' Markgraf's new house is nearly enclosed. August is going to have a neat little home. Since our last issue we learn that "W. P. Winter has beeia granted a pension of $2 per month, which will date from July, 1890. Our boys came out victorious in the game of ball with Algona yesterday. The game was an interesting one and the score was 9 to 12. "Rah" for Burtl Livermore Gazette: Our former resident and first-class plasterer, Frank Allen, now of Burt, made Livermore a visit with his family this week. Everybody was glad to see them. The Home missionary society will hold a picnic at II. Bartlett's, on Sec. 8, next Tuesday. Picnic dinner and literary program with music will go to make up the day, and a pleasant time is anticipated. An invitation has been' extended to the Bancroft society to join them. All invited. Our town is billed for an entertainment to be given by D. B. Avey, of Algona, on Thursday and Friday evenings of this week. The entertainment is a series of lectures illustrated by a firsb class stereopticon. Half of the proceeds are to go to repairing and cleaning the church. This promises to be an entertainment of more than ordinary merit, the views including scenes from our own country and many from across the "pond." The firm of G. B. Whitney is no more. It is now G. B. Whitney & Son, and the hardware business will be continued at the same old stand. The new partner is a young man, and gives promise of excellent business qualifications. His age, (for he is less than a week old,) and inexperience in the hardware business is somewhat against him, and for the time being G. B. will give the business his personal attention. DR. Mc'CORMACK, Physician & Surgeon*. BURT, - IOWA. Dispenses Medicines. ON THE DIAMOND. The boys from Bancroft came down Thursday last like little men and played the return game with our nine. It was Bancroft this time and not Bancroft and Algona. T)ie result of the game was a victory for the Burt nine. The game was probably as good a one as wus ever played here, both sides doing their level best. It was notfoi money but for blood. The superior, all around playing of our club over the Bancroft fellows is proved by this game. Had our club played simply against the Bancroft nine the Fourth the game would have been ours, but when there are a few dollars up the Bancroft team is too weak and staggering to stand together or walk alone and calls on Tom. Dick and Harry to help them play ball. Our "kid" nine wouldn't be guilty of such a thing The fourth of July they called on Algona and then claim all the credit There were none in the Burt nine but Burt boys. The game of Thursday was a fine one and tlie score stood as follows: IllUlUgS- 123456780 Hurt 40010204 —11 JJaucroft 0101*20030— 8 Batteries—Burt, A. Stow and Lindsay; Bancroft, Perkins, Kenyon and Croswait. Alter the game the Bancroft boys didn't even- stop to run a foot race. JSNTITI-KD TO TUE BEST. When you pay a good price for your tea you are entitled to the beet. Out May Flower brand of Uncolored Jap is winning its way to the front because it is a good article. If you have not tried it you can get a sample free of charge by calling at Cady & Hallock's and asking for it. NOTICE. Benedict & Allen having dissolvec partnership, the business will bo contia ued by Mrs. Alien a»d Miss -EUSe ceU at tUe old AJ" Millinery, Dressmaking, We will do a general Millinery and Dress* making business and earnestly request a call from all who are in need of anything in our • line. ALLJL3N & WOLCOTT. J. B. CORK, Real Estate Agt. BURT, IOWA. Good farms for sale. OSTOTIOEJ. The firm of Benedict & Allen having been dissolved, IshaJl hold forth in rooms, over McDonald's hardware and keep on. hand a new and complete stock of Millinery goods of the latest styles and at prices to suit your pocketbook. MBS. BENEDICT. have a good tea for 35c per Ib. Three pounds for $1.00. Try it. Q3F"Our Mayflowsr brand of uncolored' Jap is just the stuff. We are selling lots- 31 lli* (^"Panama coffee. Sold only by us, HB^"Largest assortment of green and dried fruits. BSpBengal spices, absolutely pure. Try them and you will use no other. Snow Flake Hominy, Rolled Oats, Fancy Pickles, Table Mustard, etc., etc, BST'Mason's Fruit Jars. BSTRuddy Harvester Oil. DSi^Come in and inspect our goods prices.. Cady & HaSlock, Leading Grocers. Burt has a Furniture^ Store. Buy your furniture of W. M. Cook. good stock and reasonable prices, IT: An elegant line of white dress goods a/ prices that are rig 7 Call and see them / \ Nickolson & Bue G-EO. E. MARBL. -Still runs a- ore AT BURT. Fresh Groceries always on hand and a good assortment of General Merchandise. LOOK HERE! I call special attention to the folio wing articles: Machine, Castor and Diamond Engine Oil, Anthony Mayne Washing Machine, G. B. WHITNEY, BUIiT, - ••- - IOWA. STOP —AT THE— BDRT HOTEL! M. L. MAYHEW, Proprietor. - Good Accommodations, Livery and Feed Stable in connection with hotel. • The Burt Meat Market, ELVIDCE BROS. Props, Fresh and Cured Meats A

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