The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on July 8, 1891 · Page 10
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 10

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, July 8, 1891
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att6_Stock.aj«t&. WILSON, Editor. t mlicltid Item our fnntjer read««. Qutrtei will b e ftriwef ed. Addfw* to the Editttf; ( _jamei Wilton, Traet, Iowa.] The cut) wortt was bad tfate.-y«af. ' Remember eiwly fall plowing : ls;<*ho .best preventive., Bneedlng- for show is apt M-Destroy the reproductive powers by burying; (the organs-in fat.. •.—>— t ThOi whemt crop of India is reported very large. Poverty compels thttt people ta.sell heavily. The,man who has his pastures stocked with goed animals has much done for him. 3Iho grass grows seven months in the year, or more, and the stock 'grow with v«ty little attention. About so much growth can be depended upon. If •'the season, is not favorable the growth 'Will be les$, if it is a good season it will i^be more, but growth of good animals ,.on r#ood grass la certain. Our townspeople throughout the. coup- rtry take do\«j lawn fences, because a fence is obnoxious to good taste, then • the town cow walks in and trouble b«- gins. Ft. Do<3ge made the State laugh . over the war, and now we see it waxes liot;in other places. One good, iudustri- i ous.-cow can live quite well from a .score of lawns and truck patches. It is .the i old question over again, whether the 'landibelongs to ito owner if he does not erect an impassible .barrier about it, or to .the. o.WEors of straying stock. l>r. "Wallace, the editor of the Home•stead, is.away in foreign lands seeking health. A.newspaper is exacting. It takes ;a space, out .of the best years of an editor's flife and has no mercy. Long Draining is necessary to fit one who edits a leading journal in a»y line. Editors of farm papers who occupy such fioMs as the Homestead fills are rare. Wallace has won fame in Ms line, but nervous energy was giyen that money will not buy back, t^p? hope rest and .change of scene will .ro- st *"'* his vigor. There is much to di» for the f which all are 'getting great ben- eflt from the cqulta$o laws of feeent jwars. We see factors starting « p all over the State. PeopJo aro certain that the village will got as good rates as the city, and Iowa money sfchat had been going everywhere is now being invested at home. There is no neoesalty for letting evwy election turn on t*»e liquor question. People have had time ctwmgh to consider! that. A careful inquiry foto the condition <of the Industries of ctj,io State and what legislation is needed is the foremost duty of the coming , legislature. Candidates with contempt rfor that, had better stay nt home this tfoRe. along Any- any- STUDIES. How strange the world has .run with respect to peoples' education, thing abstract is rated scientific; thing practical is deemed vulgar, or has been. The industrial age in which wo live is demanding a knowledge.of practical things D.S part of a working farmer's education. A court sat In an Iowa,conn- ty seat lately, and had occasioa t to .call for expert testimony regarding tfeo plain subject of caAtlo; the cow was in court. A graduate of an agricultural oollcgo was put on the witness stand. He .could have told all aibout the lice, on the <cow, or that infest oows, down to the rings on ; their tails, but plague a thing ho knew • about the cow herself, her breed, :tho ifamily of the breed, where the breed originated, what in the use of the breefl, :Siow it has been developed, what diseases its development has subjected it to, how •to keep it up to a high degree of excellence, how to distinguish that breed from I be retained? Othets j^lys tea, ty, and ttv*nty*flvo jpbtiindi cent. milk. &re they 6niy the cows? Peotfo talk iftadfi^dly with their lips abtrat cows. TJiS fftettost de< slderatttm in a*.6owia not higit t&t cents of butter fats, but enough of fats to make her pay, whether they fe found | n less or more mSk. There is a now field for our dairymen to explore, and that Is the world's markets for cheese. The high per cent, foutter fat cow ia not in that field. Five per cent, is not imperatively necessary to a first rate cheese, and so the high per cant, milk |s skimmed and cheese made that disgrace the good name of the couaitry.' Three and four ;pcr cent, milk will answer for cheese to eompate with cheese made abroad. The Jersey people, north and east, with their high per cent, quality and little quantity have succeeded admirably in making fine butter, but they have snot in making fine Do not o\ *"' f cul ' u tne ha y cr °P of a ny kind. Lot it g^ to the barn or stack as soon as it is ready. The more promptly hay is cured the better.' I f tll ° weather is rainy it is necessary to' P ut ^ in cocks, but do not let it stand lon^ 1 ' thau necessary. The green cured hay is the best, being most palatable and retaining most valuable constituents. 1C hay is ^-ufc a little late in its season it is easily cuA'd. Generally it can be cut one day and stack-' ed or housed the next. When the weather is dry any hay cut one day can be stacked the next unless it is very heavy, VhiGu wi " nnt ' t? R t' n ? Ciise generally this year, ' The man who raises grain for ;i living must work hard every day. lie is not sure that the yield will give him a profit beyond expenses. Weather is uncertain and adverse seasons may and often do reduce yields of grain below the paying point. The grain farmer is making his land poorer cveiy year. The time is not far ahead when grain -will not pay on grain farms. Grain farmers in old settled sections follow the practices, without the profits, that pioneers in new countries find necessary. Grain raisers in.newly settled localities are wise when they introduce stock before the yield of grain recedes too far. others, what quality of land is necessary ;to,maintain that breed, where such cows will .deteriorate, where they will improve. None,of these things were familiar to the witness, nor did he know how various diseases attack cattle. He could have written.«, learned thesis on the rapidity with whfoh certain parasites multiply under favorable conditions, but knew no more about the constituents of the cow's milk than tfeo barbarian. His education had been in the direction of acquiring curious information such as gentlemen of leisure might fancy, but the practical, money making information he never had. A sharp turn is being taken at the Iowa Agricultural college in this regard. QUESTIONS ASMVEBEIX cheese. Our farm paper people give us a world of advice from the Jersey standpoint. It will not work in cheese at all. It is exceedingly difficult to make cheese from/five per cent. milk. The skimmer is a ^illian that 1ms no conscience and should not bo found in a cheese dairy. Besides,, wo doubt if first class cheese can .be made out of doctored, milk, with skimmed milk. The milk that is rich enough to make .good cheese as It comes from the cow makes the best cheese. Three per cent, is Jaw in some States, and three per cent, milk coming naturally into the .cheese will make a good 'product. Why, then, weed aut the three and four per .cent, cows? The world wants cheese and wo can supply it. We do not because we doctor the milk And our product is irregular, generally skimmed below digestibility. Weed oui the cows below four HT/UE CittASS. FAIRFIKT.D, June IS.— Can you or anv of your readers positively say whether the gi ass commonly called blue grass is the een- ° a ' t> or is l Sugar making from beets is on trial this summer. Success will turn upon cost of growing the beets by the farmers, and comparisons will be made with the Cost of raising corn. The beet sugar industry has a bounty to help it, but cheap sugar is a heavy competitor. We do not look for success where the dairy cow is not considered a factor in the problem, to turn the pulp to account. Dairymen who once learn the beneficial effects of the pulp will make efforts to grow the beets. Root growing extends over the State-. The advocates of ensilage are postive that it supersedes the; necessity for roots, but everybody is not ready to concede that. Reasonable! men see a place for botli these palatable foods. / We hear much about the cow that lays on llesh instead of giving milk, but Ijt'tlc of the onu that eats heartily and'docs neither, It will be understood Utter on that ill bred cattle that have/not descended from good feeders or g/od milk- ers have not individuality iiy' assimilation. The individual power ti turn food into something more valuable must be bred into a cow and fed inti/ her. Early maturity is the result of feeding and selection through successive generations. You could not get early; maturity from buffaloes or elk by simply feeding heavily. Farmers who sell pliable stock and get something else deprive themselves of the knowledge they hjive acquired by observing the differences! between good feeders and milkers andv those that are not valuable in this respect! while long observation of stock enables the farmer to depend upon the ettect of /good usage. Nominees are being placed before the people to get votes, who?are to control legislation next wJnteK It will save trouble in the future if (hey are well informed regarding what {lie industries require. Legislation should keep pace with the efforts of unscrupulous men and corporations to get advantage of the unsuspecting masses. >The laws of competition still operajfc, and trusts require WO$Q effective la\fs, or outlawry. It is waste time to press what is not evidently right, like some of the wild proposals of tKB southern alliauc There are mnuv your gi ass commonly called blue grass is the een v« a f'f , t>! or is lt fironetlmigclse? Some sa> that bine grass hna a flat stem; this lias a round one. FAUMKIJ: 1 There arc several plants called blue jrass that are common to Iowa. Such as yon describe is what is well known as Kcmtieky blue grass. It came hery with the early settlors first, and has beer VlTV-.nfmf. l*Ai»~ *" -.-,»,, 1- , . , " '--o -- "i rc 0 u,ar commercial channels since. We had the same question to settle years ago on our home farm, and .sent direct to Kentucky for blue grass seed. When it grew it was identical with that found on the highways. This was nineteen years ago. We have been in all sections of Iowa since that time and roc- ogni/ed the same blue grass everywhere. You may, of course, have one of the blue grasses different from the Kentucky kind. The Texas blue grass differs somewhat. Send sample and we will identify it. I'BEPOTENCY. Wo were a little surprised lately to bo taken to task by a lady of State reputation, for urging the necessity of careful selection of sire to insure progress in breeding— surprised that city people read our paragraphs about cows and grass and the like. She thought the dam has as much influence on the progeny as the sire. She is right, provided the dam has as much prepotency and is of as strong 'strain of blood. We think the thoroughbred sire is of more prepotency than thn grade, and grading up is expected by prepotent sires, but when the dam 'is thoroughbred as well as the sire the prepotency will rest with the one longest bred iu the direction and for the uses for which it has been developed. The lady thought ,.the mother is important as the father in the family, and no doubt she is. When we consider human beings, resemblances and traits of character will follow the parent whose fore folks have been of the same, family type longest back. For example, a man whoso father is of a Saxon and his mother a Celt, marrying a Jewess of pure blood neud not expect his children to cither look like him or inherit his traits of character or physical peculiarities. The father's strain of blood is a mixed current, while the mother's is pure back to Abraham's, and according to all the laws of heredity the mother will" be most prepotent. The French desiring to improve their sheep with the English Lei'cesters failed to succeed, because the French sheep were of as prepotent blood as the English. They then destroyed the prepotency of the French sheep by crossing them with other French herds, and after that they had no difficulty in impressing them with the English Leicesters. Had they used a cross bred ram on the Leicester ewes the Leicester blood would have predominated. WKKJJIXG OUT COWS. The Prairie Farmer advises the testing of cows, so as to "weed out the three and four per cent, cows." There is a three per cent, cow on the college farm giving seventy-five pounds of milk a day. Would it be wise to weed out that cow? There are others giving thirty-five, and forty, and fifty pounds a day of 3.5 per cent. milk. Should they be weeded out? There are five per cent, cows that give tight pounds of milk a day. Should they ! per cent, and you weed out nearly all the most profitable cows. High per cents, come from light milkers, generally, from strippers and from high feeding. The average of Iowa cows going on grass is quite respectable in resulting product, but the test will not show over three and a half per cent, in summer. Nor do we believe the cows of any of the cheese- making districts of the old world will, nor of any of the States of the Union, nor of Canada. We read of a few cows at five per cent, and above. These are exceptions. So, now that testing is in vogue, do not be led astray with reports of a few high test cows that give little milk or are highly fed. itha over w* hive ft W6R1 to Some years Ago .the us<ji of was sfcfongty *^owtnelildel to odtti CM, and to (ttw full Could have ^opposition, Bttt toete is a limit to Its-use in CQftteet ffitalfctilatitih 6f the foil that observing swa will concede. When the «e«<t feed ia pocfectly sintioth, and the surface is fine and in good condition, after as many hatrondngs asbtlng this condition about, farther repetition is not the best thfag that can bo done. You can tramp some lands solid by too much traveling over it with a harrow that does not go deeper than two inches. The better implement ig the cultivator after the harrow has done all it can do. After corn is planted the cultivator does more effective work than thd harrow, and after the harrow has leveled again, the cultivator is again preferable to either a harrow or any lighUoothed implement In use. The correct theory with regard to the harrow is to smooth and pulverize the surface. It can only do this for tho surface. Deeper work requires tho cultivator. We observe that good farmers are confining tho harrow to its place and doing work now with the cultivator that heretofore has been done with tho harrow. Of course, this only applies, to harrowing where It could bo done better with the cultivator. It is generally conceded, however, that aftor crops are rooted well tools that do not go deep, but prevent encrustation of the surface, aru best. We seo men harrow when the cultivator would do better work, and we see the cultivators sent down among the roots of crops whore surface manipulation only is necessary. Maito*. BtJltT, IOWA, JttLY 8, Wbeat,.i Flax,,.,,. .$8.00 ,. .80 $ f\n .85 ^viu..,.., OUU5.40 Butter .12 Hogs.. ...,...$4.00 Barley ,, 48@i .,40 Hay...i... i ..iO.OO HURT "We want a bank. We want a drug store, We wast a shoe maker. Baaci-oft (?) against Butt.. We want a harness maker. Geo. Angus is home from college. the B. F. Eeed was on Wednesday. at our streets last DR. Mc'CORMACK. Dispenses Medicines. AJLLJBN & J. B. CORK, Real.Estate Agt BUJRT, IOWA. Good farms for sale. VUTUKK WHEAT SUPPLIES. The report of the secretarj' of agriculture for 1890 is out and has many good things based on statistics. It has some speculations, written no doubt . in the Washington office by some clerks, that are not so good. One such remark we find on page 310. Speaking of the wVat movement it says: "There is no ground for tlio pessimistic theory that our lands have all been taken up, that fertility is declining. * * Pioneers of agriculture have been wheat growers. * * Tho country left behind grows as much wheat as before." If the author of that observation will go out of doors he (or she) will see otherwise. The pioneer is simply a soil robber, and only the richest acres are valuable after he abandons wheat raising, and will recuperate only by rotation of other crops. With regard to our lands being all taken up, everybody knows that they have not been, but the department of agriculture should know . that the government homestead lands that will grow wheat rapidly have been taken up, and only those remain that are in the desert regions ov in the mountains west of the Missouri. The article we quote from is written to assure people that there will be plenty to oat in the future without buying from abroad. We think so too, but not by breaking up more now lands and growing wheat as in the past. We go farther and say that nothing but better farming will insure plenty at reasonable rates in the future. Every industry has been furthered in our land, because food was comparatively cheap, and it was cheap because wheat was grown on laud that cost nothing, and because beef and mutton were grown on grass that cost nothing. The department thinks tho limits have not been reached, We think they have on free lauds. With regard to the possible limit by improved cultivation we are ipaito sanguine. Thi; country will feod so much more population that it is only speculating in the line of Malthus to set limits. What we object to in the report quoted is the wrong direction pointed out by which more food is to be obtained. The department is looking backward, and basing future supplies on past pioneer methods, which wo consider utterly out of tho question. The best students of the farm and the safest counsellors advise a, complete abandonment of past pio- noor methods and a resort to more economic production. We think tho localities over which the wheat wave has passed in the grass and QOHI belt can grow as much wheat as they ever did. We know they do not now. To assert that they do is to bring the department into contempt. Rotation of crops, recuperation by pasturing, the dairy, the feeding stable, the sheep pen, the swiue und other accompaniments of good farm management only give ; promise for the future, and make wheat growing as a rotative crop possible. There is much now land to bring under the plow where ihe wheat wave has passed over, but it is not wheat land. It is the bottom, and lough, and pond, wet land that will rrow grass and corn. Abandoned wheat ields in the East bear again through fer- Mlizing, and in the West after the cow and the ewe have led their youn" OVPI them. THK MISSION OF BEEF. The beef eater rules the world. Till- mage preached one of his best sermons on the necessity of giving the minister of thn, gospel plenty of beef steak. . No inspiration will furnish forth a man to preach with unction who has breakfasted ott pork rinds and cabbage," with crust coffee. Tho British people have been culled "beef caters." They are abstemious in this regard compared with Americans. We eat 175 pounds per capita, while John Bull's people got along with about 100. Other civilized people have to be content with fifty pounds spieco. Some wit said tho Irish question would soon settle itself if the British people were dieted on potatoes a few years and the Irish wore fed on beof. Tho future of the beef supply is uncertain. Tho depressed prices of the last few years were caused by the breaking up of a false system of ranching wherein the steer was boomed to cheat the monied people of the East. Normal conditions are hare again with population increasing fast, the industries all prospering and ability to eat beef increasing, as well as the taste for if. We will seo low prices for cheap beef cattle because they consist of products that compete in limited markets, compote with themselves, must be got rid of to suit the weather and the like controlling factors, but good beef is in regular demand the world over, it is as certain to sell well as the demand for it grows, and as commerce extends and the taste for beef extends. Iowa is gradually asserting her prerogative to produce certain staples. First-class beef is in the list. If any farmer thinks he would prefer not to meddle with 6£ cent beef his privilege must not bo trampled upon to sell at 2| cents, but the differences is very likely to align most Iowa farmers in the 0£ cent class. town Thursday" nfghtT " WM in Mrs.SDr. MacCormack and family spent the Fourth at Wesley. Mr> and Mrs. Fred Wilcox were Algona visitors last Wednesday. We will have another good store building in Burt before snow flies. Mr. and Mrs. Fred Wilcox have commenced housekeeping in their new home. Are there nine men or boys in Bancroft, anyway, that can toss a ball? It seems not. . Mr. Marble has moved his store back preparatory to putting up a new store building. A 8U11VJJV WANTED. The following is cordially indorsed by us. We surely need to know more of low.; .;u:ij. It would bring to the attention of thn world what Iowa has on thn surface and beneath it that keeps the State at the front as a producing locality, and gives permanency to the great increase in values of our matchless lands: BBITT, Iowa,. May 2i.-During the month of Hay we received another exemplification of the unbounded capacity cf nature's storage tanks to retain moisture during a month of dry winds and no rams. Although the refreshing rain lias como at last, yet six inches of dry earth was all the hot winds could show for their work bo- fore the moisture fell. Our porous subsoil had its capillaries all opened up and evorv night the earth gave up 'its moisture to unite with "Heaven's own dew," and morning saw the vegetation as fresh arid green as though we were not experiencing a drouth that would have ruined any less favored country. With bed rock down 100 feet below the surface, seventy feet of blue clay lying on the rock, as impervious to water as India rubber, and then twenty, five feet ot porous clay cajtable of absorbing its bulk of water.and that over-topped with five feet, more or less, of nature's manure as black and: rich as can be made. Where on this green earth can another such a country be found? A series of lectures given here by Wni. Ward, a local geological and astronomical celebrity, has opened the eyes of many of us farmers and students of nature this spring, to the nossihfl- ities and capabilities of tfls la nd ^ for wit - 5fe n ^ n «L dro V-V )t i aaw / ll8S to ° m«ch wet. Mr. Ward, a life long farmer, is a man who never had an idle hour: his spare time is occupied in studying the earth and the heavens, and the knowledge thus acquired has been given freely to his neighbors; without money and without price/' This State never had a geological survey in the interest of agriculture and horticulture. Why not? The superficial survey many years ago (was it in '67?) was conductiveo* much good, but was made chiefly in the interest of mines and mining. Let us have a thorough survey now for the fanners. _ IS. N^ B4IWCY. If food sours on the stomach digestion is defective. DeWitt's Little Early Risers will remedy this. The famous little pills that never gripe and never disappoint. For sale by Dr. Sheet/. TTr German M - E. church, north of Whittemore, is to be dedicated one week from next Sunday. Miss Anna Powers of Algona, was visiting in the family of H. B. Hallock on Saturday the Fourth. Newton and Fred Shaeffer are ofE to Boone, Iowa, to spend the Fourth with old friends and relatives. J. W. Curtis of Algona is helping A. C. Cady on the Mayhew Hotel, which is nearly completed. Mrs. PI. A. Paine and daughter Lulu, were visiting in the families of Cady & Hallock Monday and Tuesday. Can't Bancroft and Algona combine some way—putting two men into one— and let him run against-our man? L. C. and Wallace Lindsay left for Des Moines yesterday where Wallace is to receive treatment for sore eyes. Our barber has purchased a riding pony and will now live with his folks and ride horseback morning and evening. Frank Allen and family and Mrs. Dr. McCormack and family returned from their Fourth of July visit Monday evening. Miss Nellie Hanson, from Epworth, Iowa, a neice of Mr. Bunkers, is spending the summer with her relatives at this place. Charles Walker is visiting his sister Mrs. II. Kimball Charles fs employed at Independance, Iowa, and is out for a short vacation Frank Allen and family spent the Fourth at Livermore with old friends and relatives. Frank used to be a resident of that city. Uncle Benny Smith of Portland township ha*s sold a portion of his farm —the part his new house is on—and we presume will move to Bancroft. The death of Miss Edna Tibbits, of Fenton, occured on Thursday and Mr. Tibbets died on Friday. The funeral i r jj"? of Benedict & AllerThftvlnff Jeen dissolved, I shall hold forth in roomf hand a new and complete stock of ^in? nery goods of the latest stvles nnrt n> prices to suit your pocketboofc. MHS. BENEDICT, What are irother? ' E¥ WILD WAVES'' «• the wild waves saying, They say go to Cady & Hallock's for your MACHINE OIL. They sell Ruddy Harvester Oil which is absolutely the best oil put up. You use it once- you will use it again. Sold by no one else. Cady & Hallock, Leading Grocers. Burt has a Furniture Store. Buy your furniture of W. M. Cook. good stock and reasonable prices, IT: «.- St -P- Ry. will sell to the Musical Festival, United Scandinavian Singers of America, to be held at Minneapolis, July 16 to 81st, excursion tickets at one fare for the round trip, A beautiful skin,bright eyes.swflet breath. good appetite, vigorous body, purs blood j»d good health result from the use of Be WUfrs barsftparilla. Sold by Dr. Saeetz. services were held Sunday. They both died ot consumption. Herman Schultz, now of Fort Dodge, formerly of this city, celebrated the Fourth in Burt. He returned to Fort Dodge Monday. Mr. Schultz is engaged in the grocery business at Fort Dodge, and is doing well we understand. We had no celebration this year but we are of the opinion that another year we will celebrate in good style. A good many of our people went to Bancroft, while many spent the day in picnic style at different groves throughout the neighborhood. Next year we ought to celebrate in in Burt. Our boys played with seven men of Bancroft and two men from Algona on the Bancroft diamond the Fourth of July and met with defeat. The captain of the Bancroft team agreed to play only their own men, but they only had seven of them and two from Algona. Bancroft and Algona are obliged to "double up" in order to down our boys. Prof. F. M. Chaffee, principal elect of the Northern Iowa Normal School at Algona, was a pleasant caller Monday morning. Mr. Cbaffee is a graduate of Cornell College and is a teacher of several years experience. The Normal School will open the first week in September, he says, and will start out with a new corps of teachers. Prof. Cbaffee was calling on our citizens au4 getting acquainted with our people. NOTICE. Benedict & Allen having dissolved partnership, the business wJu be contin ued J>y Mrs. Ailea sad cett at the ol<\ stand. - • An elegant line of white dress goods at prices that are right. Call and see them. Nickolson & Buell. G-EO. E. MARBLE Still runs a AT BURT. Fresh Groceries always on hand and a good assortment of General Merchandise. LOOK HERE! I call special attention to the following articles: Machine, Castor and Diamond Engine Oil, Anthony layne Washing Machine, BURT, G. B. WHITNEY, IOWA. STOP -AT TBE- BURT HOTEL! M, I WHEW, Proprietor, Good Accommodations. Livery and Feed Stable in connection with hotel. The Burt MeatMarket, BROS, Props. Fresb and Cured Meats Ah

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