Page 8 article text (OCR)
THE REPUBLICAN. iTAim A ttAtitAOfl AtGOSA, . i J i ' • , IOWA. News Condensed. Important Intelligence From All Parts. DOMESTIC. TITF, St. Louis & San Francisco railroad filed at St. Louis a $00,000,000 general mortgage ou its property in order "to make improvements. R. GHEGG & Co., millers at Cannon Fall", Minn., have assigned. Their liabilities were -15150,000. ALT/EN W. SWAN is traveling from New Bedford, Mass., to California on a bicycle. He is due in San Francisco September 1(1, and one week later he is to marry an heiress. Gov. IJovEY, of Indiana, has paroled Sylvester Bassett, subject to his good "behavior, lie was serving an eighteen- year term in the penitentiary for murdering- his brother three years ago. A TOJINAPO swept over Harrington, N. J., and several houses were blown down and a number of trees were uprooted. THE loss to the growing crops by the floods in Iowa was estimated at $1,000,000. TIIK stables and car house of the Ncwburyport & Amesbury Street Railway Company were burned at Ncw- buryport, Mass., the loss being §100,000. A FiiiE destroyed the old ferry rolling mill tit Wilmington, Del., causing a loss of $500,000. A CYCLONE cast of Denver, Col., destroyed houses and crops, injured a dozen persons and killed 250 sheep. GREAT damage was caused by the heavy rains in Lyon county, Kan. Many farms were flooded and barns, implements and entire crops were •washed away. WHITE strikers, angered at the action of the Oregon Improvement Company at Seattle, Wash., in taking negroes to the Newcastle coal mines, started to clean out the negro camp and in the scrimmage four persons were killed. A DISTRICT near Holstein, la.. 3 miles •wide and 10 miles long, was swept by a hailstorm, totally destroying barley and badly damaging wheat and oats. JOHN TOKHETT, living in Patoka township, Ind., was given fifty lashes by white caps because of failure to pro- Tide for his family. THE armory of the Seventy-first regiment in New York was burned, the loss being $200,000. THE visible supply of grain in the United States on the 39th ult. was: "Wheat, lS,5!)!),3Sil bushels; corn, 3,851,051 bushels; oats, 3,000,2-13. BY the breaking of a scaffold at Pittsburgh, Pa., four men were precipitated into the street below, a distance of 00 feet, and all were fatally hurt. Ix a row among witnesses in a courtroom at Buffalo Valley, Tenn., -lamus Mitchell and Oscar Plunkett were killed. -t v A CHINESE lodging-house in San 'Ifyan- cisco was burned and six Chinese women perished in the flames. A FUSE which started in Davidf Nicholson's grocery establishment at St. Louis caused a loss on stock -of .$240.000. A GANG of confidence men at 3Jathrop, Mo., induced Stephen Trice, a farmer, to draw §3,500 from the bank, and then chloroformed him on the highway and robbed him of his money, team and buggy. BELLE AMMON, aged 16 years, stole $1,200 from her employer at Beaver Falls, O., and eloped with Edward Morehead, but they were arrested at Toledo. THE thermometer registered 107 degrees in the shade in portions of California on the 29th ult., and in San Francisco the extreme heat expanded the rails and stopped the cable cars. A CYCLONE near Milton, la., demolished sevei-al houses and completely destroyed the crops. WIN OK and his wife, Di Foy, Chinese, committed suicide at Sacramento, Cal., by cutting out their tongues and bleeding to death. They were crazy from eating opium. WILLIAM GATES (colored), aged 20 years, was hanged to a tree near West Point, Miss., and literally shot to pieces by fifty citizens. His crime was attempted assault on a 10-year-old daughter of Mr. Gus Goodem. OVER 1,000 acres were on fire on the eastern slope of Mount Tamalpias, near San Rafael, Cal., on which were many magnificent summer homes. THE wife of a German immigrant en route to Great Falls, Mont., gave birth to twins on a train between Chicago and Dubuque. THREE laborers — Patrick Hageney, August Bennivitz and John Flaherty — were killed at Janesville, Wis., by falling walls of a building they were tearing down. CUAHLES Fox and Daniel Yentz were drowned while bathing in the Fox river 8 miles northeast of Ottawa, 111. Gov. BOIES, of Iowa, has issued a proclamation appealing for aid for the sufferers by the late flood at Cherokee »nd other towns in the vicinity. OFFICIAL notice of the death on June 8 of Alexander Clark, United States minister to Liberia, was received by thf. State department in Washington. THE failure was reported of Levi raid Joseph Strous, maltsters, of Baltimore, !*Id., with liabilities of 8360,000 uad assets of $650,000. A DOZEN persons were injured in a cyclone that passed over the country 25 miles east of Denver, Col. Six Chinese lepers were discovered at Victoria, N. B. KANSAS CITY, Kan., was visited by a terrific wind and hailstorm, and hundreds of windows and skylights were broken arid many shade trees destroyed. In the vicinity crops vyere ruined. A HEAVY rain and ' hailstorm passed over Champaign, Highland and Licking counties, O., doing, great damage to the wheat crop, whicjli was ready for the harvest. Oats and hay were also damaged. THE annual readjustment of postmasters' salaries shows that sixty-nine third-class offices hav6 been advanced to tho second class and twenty-three have been relegated to the fourth class, while four third-class offices haVe, been reduced to the second classi Fifty-eight new offices have been ttd* vanced from the fourth class to the third, leaving a total number of 3,246 third-class offices. INFORMATION was received at Washington that the congress of Venezuela had responded favorably to the reciprocity provision of the United States tariff act of 1890. THE census bureau has issued a bulletin on the subject of schools &*$• the blind. The number of these schools in the United States in 18!»0 was 2,931, while in 1880 the number was 2,041. Mil. LYMAN J. GAGK has succeeded Mr. S. M. Nickerson as president of the First national bank of Chicago. AT Stoop's ferry, near Pittsburgh, Pa., Joe Cobtello deliberately drowned an Italian boy. Costello was arrested. THE business failures in the United States for the last six months show an increase of 571 as compared with the total of the first half of 1890, the totals being 0,030 for 1891 and 5,4(50 for 1890. The liabilities for 1891 were -1591,270,253, against $02,8(57,961 for 1890; assets for 1891, $48,205,490, against $30,025,110 for 1890. MARK W. HAHRINO.TON, a professor in the university of Michigan, has been appointed chief of the government weather bureau. BOUDONOT CKUMPTON, alias Bud Burris, was hanged at Fort Smith, Ark. He made a statement on the gallows saying whisky had brought him to his present condition. He protested his innocence to the last. THE Wisconsin state board of charities and reform has gone out of existence, its functions devolving upon the newly created state board of control. FORTY-THREE persons were poisoned by ice-cream at a Christian church sociable at Brush ton, N. Y., and Rev. Mr. Braun, rector of the 'Episcopal church, and two ladies died and all the others were in a critical condition. McBiunE Buos., tea merchants in New York city, made an assignment with liabilities of §311,531 and assets of $188,849. OLIVER P. HALLAM, of Nashville, 111., has been appointed assistant chief clerk of the pension office at Washinp- ton vice Green B. Raum, Jr., resigned. THE New York TypothetsB has refused the proposition of the journeymen printers to make nine hours a day's work after October 1 next. JOHN BAKEK, a colored man, killed his wife and himself at Hunt.sville, Ala. THE first trip by rail up Pike's Peak, in Colorado, was made on the 30th ult. The train consisted of an engine and one car, occupied by sixty-five people. The lower terminus of the line is 0,400 feet above the sea level and the upper 14,147. The distance is 9 miles. IN a fit of jealous rage Jesse Cartwright, of Baldwin county, Ala., killed his wife and his brother. THE wholesale boot and shoe firm of Patterson & Co. at Kansas City, Mo., has failed for §100,000. FREDERICK STEINKMAN, of Chicago, a molder, fired two bullets into his wife's body, wounding her fatally, and then blew out his own brains Jealousy caused the deed. JOHN RAUSCH shot and killed his sweetheart, Maria Burckett, and then himself at Lawrence, Mass. Jealousy was the cause of the act. BY the bursting of the boiler of an engine near White Haven, Pa., Engineer Thomas Trip, Fireman J. Pope and Brakemen Gallagher and Smith were instantly killed. THE arrivals of immigrants in this country from 1821 to 1890 reached 15,041,588. The arrivals from 1871 to 1890 were 8,120,907, or 51.92 per cent, of the total arrivals from 1821 to 1890. The only leading countries from which arrivals have fallen off during the past ten years are France and China. Oi the arrivals during the ten years from 1881 to 1891, 3,205,911 were 'males and 2,040,073 were females. The greater portion of females came from Ireland. EIGHTY feet of the bank of the canal at Goshen, Ind., went out, entailing a heavy loss and necessitating 1 a ^nut- down of the factories. ,.-' THE Missouri river cut through Doniphan Point, Kan., transferring several thousand acres of land and water from Missouri to Kansas. THE census report sllows that the total value of the mineral products of the United States at ihe eleventh census amounted tp $556,988,450, the greatest total ever reported for any country. The /number of industrial mining establishments was given at 30,000. The'number of persons employed in /mining industries 512,114. The annual wages paid them aggregate S212,4j09,800. The capital employed in mining; operations was $1,175,000,000. PRESIDENT HABKISON has issued a proclamation granting the privilege of copyright in this country to the citizens of Great Britain, France, Belgium and Switzerland. AT Huntsville, Ala., John Baker, a colored man, shot and killed his wife and then killed himself. AT New York Alexander Wisse shot and mortally wounded Maria Hodig acd then committed suicide. TUB Newton (Kan.) national bank, which failed November 80, 1890, has reopened its doors with $100,000 new capital. GEOBGE SIMMONS, of Galveston, has reached Chicago, winning a wager of $1,000 on condition that he walk the distance between the two cities in sixty days. He had seven hours to spars. STATISTICS of the sugar industry of Cuba for the last ten years show an average production and export of 650, 000 tons, 92 per cent, of which came to the United States. BEKKY TUKNEK, charged with having killed six men, was arrested near Knox- vill, Tenn. THK public debt statement issued on the 1st showed the total debt to be $1,008,025,326; cash in the treasury, $153,893,808; debt less cash in the treasury, Sl,549,«96,591. Decrease during June, $2,218.668. Decrease since June 80, 1890, $59,4(33,810. Minneapolis harvest machine makers claim that the crbp Is Btt heavy in the northwest that they cannot fill their orders. * .. MAX GtLLts ancl Khincharfc Peters, ol Lft-Crbsse, Wis.v were tnrOwa ffttlh a freight car at Dubtk(ue,ia., by a low bridge arid fatally injured. MRS. EMMA BROWN, wife of & prominent business man at Fort Beaton, Mont., drowned herself at Woodhaven, L. I., while temporarily insane. GKORGK W. RITCHIE, of Philadelphia, was sentenced to three years' iniprison- ment for stealing $8,319 from the Commonwealth national bank, while acting as its receiving teller. :; PERSONAL AND^ POLITICAL. "AUNT" MILLIE BLACKBURN (colored) died near Elliston, Va., aged 103 years. She leaves a son aged 82 yearn . THE repiiblicans of Iowa held their convention at Cedar Rapids and nominated Hiram C. Wheeler for governor, George Van Houten for lieutenant governor, S. M. Weaver for supreme judge, Henry Sa.bin for s\iperintendentof pubic instruction, and Frank T. Campbell for railroad commissioner. The platform indorses the McKinley tariff law, commends reciprocity, favors liberal pensions to soldiers, indorses the present silver law, indorses President Harrison's administration, dcclar-es against a resubmission of the prohibition question and favors protection. FOREIGN. ACCORDING to a Japanese official return the population of the country was 40,072,020, of which 20,245,3:!0 were males and 19,825,684 were females. IN Germany cloudbursts a'nd waterspouts h«,d spread destruction far and wide. Floods suddenly covered sections of Westphalia, Hanover and tho Rhine provinces, the like of which had not been recorded in history. Seventeen persons were killed by lightning and no estimate coxild be formed of the number drowned. IN the village of Schrein, Silesia, a coachman named Tost arose in tho night, shot his sleeping wife and threo children and then committed suicide by hanging. Loss of work made him despondent. JOHN BACHTEL, a student of law at Vienna, while sparrow shooting acci- dently killed his own sister, whereupon, in despair, he blew his own brains out. ACCORDING to the latest Haytian advices President Hippolyte has quelled the insurrection at Port au Prince. Two hundred and eighty persons have been killed. THE harvest in Russia was said to ba the worst on record, and famine was the result, with many death from hunger reported. THE rise in the price of silver in the United States is encouraging the mining and smelting interest of Mexico. ADVICES from Sierra Leone say tho suppressions of the slave trade in West Africa has increased the ferocity of the warlike tribes and revived cannibalism. THE Italian province of Verona was visited with a scries of severe earthquake shocks, which greatly alarmed the people, but no one was injured. LADY MACDONALD, widow of the late Canadian premier, has been raised to the peerage, her title being countess of Earnscliffe. WHILE a party was sailing across the bay of Ayr, in Scotland, the craft suddenly capsized ancl eight of the occupants were drowned. VICUNA has been chosen as president of Chili, to succeed Balmaeeda. THE revolution in Catamarca, Argon- tine republic, has been suppressed and the regular provincial government reestablished. A LAKE IN A DESERT, A. f>Rpre<motl tlnnin in Cftlltnfnta Saul to Itrtte Keen ettnvcttfeit Ittfis it V*«t trufet «f Watcr-Tho Cause of the l»honom«- fiott ft AtjfUtcry. ' ' ..'"'••.'''. 'TUCSON, A. TV July i. «**A Star Special from Yurna says tho^Colofadd desert basin at Salto»> 00 m\les west of 'Yuma, is rapidly filling up with fresh Water from a subterranean passage, believed to be connected with the Colorado river, caused by the high waters of last February. At last advices the desert Was converted into a lake 6 miles wide. Machinery is being removed from the salt factories at Salton. The Southern Pacific railroad track passes through the basin for omore than 50 miles, its lowest point being 203 feet below the sea level. The Colorado river is 160 feet above the sea level at Yuma. If the subterranean 'passage should connect with tho Colorado above Yuma, the lake will bo over 400 feet in depth and over 50 miles long. If the waters continue to rise the Southern .Pacific track will be submerged for nearly 100 miles and the great desert of Colorado will be converted into a Vast lake. Indian Wells, 60 miles south of Salton, is 227 feet above Salton, and for 40 miles square the water is from to 5 feet deep, being an overflow of uhe Colorado river. All that prevents his water from flowing' into St-lton sink is a bank of loose sand 9 feet high and over a mile wide. Los ANGELES, Cal., July 1.—When he story of the rising water near Salton first reached the Southern Pacific officials here they paid no particu- ar attention to the rumors,, but they finally decided to make an investigation. An Indian runner was sent out with instructions to find where the water leaves ;he river, if such be the case, and to make a thorovigh examination as to now it passes through the sand hills and reaches the desert. It is believed ;hat the water leaves the river just above Pilot Knob, near Ytima, nearly 60 miles from Salton, and works its way through tho dry sand to the low ground this side of the river. It will probably iakc two or three days for the Indian ;o make his report. A 14-foot boat with two sailors was sent from San Pedro to Salton. From that point the boat, provisioned for a week's cruise, will sail south and an attempt be made to reach the source of the flow, while the Indian runner follows the bank of the river from Yuma. THE FLOODED DESERT. LATER NEWS. IN Madison, Audubon and Shelby counties, la., a wind and rainstorm destroyed many houses and totally destroyed the crops. Corn fields were as barren as the road and hay was pounded into the ground. Not a green blade of any sort was left. In some localities the hail was from 8 to 10 inches deep. THE Irish bishops at. a meeting at Dublin denounced ] J urnell as unworthy Ihe confidence of the Irish people. GEOi-.fiK JONES and William Newton, two well-known farmers of east Tennessee, fought a duel on the state line over a piece of property and both were killed. Dit WII.LFAM MoTTRASf died at Kalamazoo, Mich., aged 84 years. He was the oldest practicing physician in the state. THK governor of Annam, China, reported the decapitation of twenty-five of the ringleaders in the recent rebel lion ut Licliu, PIUXCK Uoi.ooitouKOKi'. for many years governor of Moscow, died in Paris. He had been dismissed by the czar and exilod because of his leniency to the Jews. JOHN- BYRON, Charles Newton and Chalmer Shaffer were scalded fatally at Newcastle, IV, by a traction engine going through a bridge. MR. JOHN SMITH and Miss Mary Dawson, of Franklin, Ky.. were thrown from a buggy and killed. WITHIN the past ten days over 10,000 acres of grain, fuel and timber were burned near Milton, Cal., and the tire was still raging. RHENISH Prussia was visited with a terrible cyclone and scores of people were killed or injured, and the damage to property amounted to hundreds ol thousands of dollars. AT Charlotte, N. C., Henry Brabham, a negro, was hanged for the murder of an Italian named Mocca on April last. He confessed the crime. THIRTY freight cars were burned in a wreck on the Omaha line near Mendota, Minn. A TERRIBLE hailstorm visited Ransom and Sargent counties, N. D., completely ruining thousands of acres of growing crops. PRESIDENT HARRISON has appointed William K. Simiuonds, of Connecticut, commissioner of patents. JOHN BAKDSLEY, the defaulting treasurer of Philadelphia, was sentenced to fifteen years solitary confinement in the penitentiary and to pay a fine equal to .the amount of his embezzlement, which may reach $289,000 the Myntcrloiw inland Pea Continue* to .-••fts'DTjAShs* Cat, July U^Th^e" edifo* :of a local paper has just returned from in inspection of the lake forming 1 fct Salton, in the Colorado desert, and resorts the Ifttto to be at lea'st 12 miles In ividth at Salton, which is near the Western end of the water. Me made I trip over 2 miles into the water an a switch connecting the salt works with tho Southern Pacific railroad, and trom that point the water extends farther than the eye can see. Among the people at Salton the utmost variety Df theories are held as to the source oi bhe lake, but the finding of a salt water Hah would indicate the water comes from the ocean. The specific gravity af the water taken at different points varies from 1.007 to 1.018, which is much heavier than odean water. This fact-is accounted for by the presence of the vast bed of salt, making it impossible to determine whether the water comes from the ocean Dr a river. The water is but 2 or J feet in depth, and so sfrong does the wind blow that at times the water recedes nearly half a milo and then shifting winds will bring- it back farther than before. This makes t impossible to determine except it long , intervals whether the rolume of water is increasing or not. The level of the lake at present is about 15 • feet below the lowest point of the Southern Pacific railroad's main line, and figuring on the rise in water made it would be some weeks before the road would be flooded. The theory of the flood coming from a cloudburst is dispelled by tho fact of the water continuing to rise when it should have been at the high water mark several days ago. Considerable apprehension was felt over the safety of the road. Superintendent Mulvihill, with two boatmen, started Tuesday night to explore the lake in a small boat. The shallow water makes the trip perilous, as the wind shifts the waters, and is liable to leave the boat standing far from shore, while the soil is of a very treacherous nature and would preclude the possibility of wading- ashore. The party has not yet returned. He Ctitliollcs CAHENSLY'S PLEA, tn the Pope to ntvo in Amerloa Bishops of Thel* VENEZUELA IN LINE. Another South American Nation Sanctions Keciprocity -President I'alaolo Authorized by the Republic's Congress to Negotiate a Commercial Agreement with the United States. WASHINGTON, July 1.—Venezuelan reciprocity is not far off. The basis of an agreement was drafted in Washington several months ago, sent to Caracas, and approved by the president of that republic. But in order to make the negotiations effective, the sanction of the Venezuelan congress was needed. This has been given. The department of state has received a cablegram from the United States minister at Caracas conveying the information that the congress of Venezuela has responded favorably to the reciprocity provision of the tariff act of 1890 of the congress of the United States and has conferred upon the president of Venezuela a full authority to enter with the president of the United States into a commercial arrangement and put it in operation without further delay. Venezuela is one of the richest republics in South America. Its population is 2,500,000. Its leading export is coffee, which is estimated at 812,000,000 per year. It also exports hides to the amount of $1,200,000 annually. Venezuela's commerce with the United States has been a growing one, and reciprocity and subsidy legislation will stimulate it greatly. Last year it sent to the United States nearly $10,000,000 worth of exports and imported $15,000,000 worth of goods. Wheat, flour, lard and butter were the leading food products, amounting to nearly $1,500,000. The principal manufactures imported were of cotton, iron and steel. The port dues and customs regulations of Venezuela have been vexatious and complicated, but it is understood reciprocity arrangements will simplify these. NEW WEATHER CHIEF, Prof. Hnrringrttin, of Ann Arbor, 9flch., Appointed Head of the Weather liurcuu. WASHINGTON, July 1. — Mark W, Harrington, editor of the American Meteorological Journal and a professor at Ann Arbor, Mich., has been appointed chief of the weather bureau. [Prof. Harrington was bora on a (arm near Sycamore, 111., in 1&18, his parents being ol revolutionary stools. He prepared for college at Evanston and graduated from Mioniga university in 1868, at 19 y%ara of age. H then accepted a position as Instructor in toe university for a snort time. In 1870 he went to Alaska aa acting astronomical aid of the United States coast survey under W. H. Dull. He returned to tUe university In 1873 and in 1878 went to Leipsio university for study. In a few months he was appointed professor of mathematics and astronomy in the school of the Chinese foreign office at Pekin, but held this position only a year, as his health failed. In 1879 he was made professor of astronomy and director of the observatory at Michigan university, taking the place of Prof. Watson. This position he has held since. He was married In 18:4. He is a lite member ol the Leaneun society of London and a fellow of the R' yal Meteorological society. He has traveled extensively and is a writer and author pi renown. In 1874 be founded the American Meteorological Journal Two men Drowned. OTTAWA, 111., July L— Charles Fox and Daniel Yentz were drowned while bathing in the Fox river, 8 miles northeast of Ottawa, Sunday afternoon. Yentz in wading about in the shallow water went down. His companion hastened to his assistance, and, falling into the same hole, both were drowned. A Kansas City failure. KANSAS CITY, Mo., July I. — The wholesale boot and bhoe firm of Patterson & Co. went into voluntary bankruptcy Tuesday morning for the benefit of their creditors. Assets and liabilities are estimated at $100.000. FAIRS FOR 1891. Nattoiia', State mill Independent. Michigan ...... Lansing ............... Sept. T-lt " Sept: 14-18 Sept. 7-13 "Wisconsin Milwaukee. Minnesota jUamline ... Detroit Exposition Detroit Aug. 25-Sept. 4 Kansas Topoka, Sopt. 11-10 ...Sedalda Aug. 18-2-J .... Lincoln Sept. 4-11 ...Des Mollies Aug. go-Sept. 4 In...Trenton Sopt. 28Oet. 3 Pueblo Sept. &I-30 Missouri Nebraska . Sept. 15-17 New Jersey terstate.. Colorado.. . Central Minnesota St. Cloud Southern Minnesota Rochester Aug. 31-Sopt. Q West Virginia.Wheeling.. Sept.7-11 North'n Indi'a, S'thern Mich. Association..Warsaw. Ind Snpt. 1-1-13 Western Fair..London, Out Sopt. 17-20 South Dakota.. Sioux Falls Sept. 21-25 Canada's Grent Industrial Toronto Sopt. 7-19 Ohio Columbus Sept. 14-18 Illinois Peoria Sept. 28-Oct. 3 Eastern Mich.. Ag. Society...Ypsilanti Sopt. 15-18 St. Louis St. Louis Oct. 5-10 Indiana Indianapolis Sept. 21-20 Louisville Exposition Shreveport Nov. 3-7 Southern Interstate Ex Ru'.eigh. N. C Oct. 1-Dec. 1 West MiohigiinGrand Kapids Sept. H-19 N. M. C. A. and I. AssoeiatianTronton. Mo Sept. 8-11 Louisiana Fair.IJuton Bouse Out. 6-1U Central Canada Exhibition...Ottawa, Out Sept. 2:!-Oct. 2 Georgia Mocon Out. 21-29 New Jersey.... Waverly Sept. 21-2S CanadaIntern'ISt. Johns, N. B Sept. 23 Montana Helena Aug. 22-28 New Yoik Syracuse...- Sjpt. 10-17 Washington... Walla Walla Sopt. 38-Oct, 3 Ana F'tS'kS'w.Chicugo Nov. 11-81 Vermont Burlington Sept. 1-4 Georgia Macon Oct. 21-29 Tox. &Dall.Ex.Dallas Oct. 17-Nov. 1 Alabunm HirrningUara Oct. 80-31 Mil-w. Ind. Exp.Milwaukeo,Wis..Sept. 8-Oot. 17 Seym our Dr As'n Seymour, Wis Sept. 14-10 Fox U D'g Pk Fair De Pere, Wis Sept. 8-10 Internat'l Fuir.Sun Antonio, Tex Nov. 10-3! Grange Fair... McGregor, Tex Oct. 1-8 Pecan Valley Fair Drownwoorl. Tox..Sopt.S3-Oct.3 Augusta Exposition Aususta. Ga Nov. 8-28 Inter-State AK'! and Me'i Falr.Wemphis Oct. 13-17 PiedraotitEx'n. Atlanta, Ga Oct. 19-Nov 7 Southern Ex'n..U'tKomei-y,Ala.. .Oct. S8-Nov. 11 HUNDREDS DYING OF HUNGER. Harrowing: Story of \Vunt unit Suffering In 1'nrt.s of iiussia. LONDON, July 1.—The Telegraph's St. Peters burg correspondent declares the harvest in Russia this year is likely to be the worst on record. He draws a harrowing picture oi the results of the continued drought. Prices of cereals, he says, are rising hourly. Rye has never before been so dear. Throughout central and western and the greatest portion of southern Russia the outlook is dismal. Ministerial reports say that the winter crop in south and east Russia perished by frosts. Famine is already visible in the faces of the peasantry of Kostroma. Disease has already broken out The only food is oatmeal mixed with tree bark of similar ingredients, In Kazon among the indigcnts receiving meals gratis are I4rt noblemen and 78 priests. In other districts similar conditions are reported. In the Jewish colony at Rovenopol many people are dying of hunger and hundreds have to huddle together, several families in one room often, for the sake of warmth. Some papers contain advertisements of children for sale. The government is taking precautions against expected revolts. Taxes are collected with the usual regularity, and failure to pay is. visited with severe flogging. , July ..I.-— The following extracts ffbra the second memorial presented by Herr Cahensley to Car* dlflal Ramftollify the papal secretary oi state, appealing for the ri^hfc of each ftatibttfillty' in the United States to have bishops of its own: "Jtt is proved by statistics appended that 439,400 Oivtholios loft Europa tor America during 1880. Of this number 178,000 went to the United States. The same country received, moreover, thousands' of emigrants from Canada, Mexico, Brazil and other countries of Latin America. Calculations based upon. authoritative statistics go to show that Catholic immigrants and their Children ought to constitute In the United States a population of 80,000,000. But tfco fact Is that tho number of Catholics In that vast country scarcely exceeds 10,000.000. Catholicity, therefore, has up to the present date sustained a net loss of 10,000,030 in tho groat American republic. Tho following are tho chief causes of desertion. on tho part of the Catholics.' " 'The Inck of sufficient protection for the emigrants during their voyage and on their arrival in America, the insufficiency of priests and parishes of their own for the different nationalities; the pecuniary sacrifices, often exorbitant, exacted of the faithful; the public- schools.' " The memorial discusses at length these various causes of the diminution of Catholics, and then says: "It is 'deslrod that concord and harmony should reign among tho different nations that go to make up tho church in the United States, The sole imd only way to attain this ond la to- ?lve to every one of these nations bishops of their own," The document continues: '•Emigrants who go to America go to America in order to earn their dally bread and not . for tho sake of learning a new language. The United States has become well aware of this 1 fact. To every nationality is left tho power of retaining the use of its own language. No doubt that lu the course of years the emigrants some to speak English, but to watt till they tiave learned that language before having; them practice their religion Is to run tho rlslt nf finding them no longer disposed to live after i Christian fashion. The sad experience of the° past proves unfortunately that such is almost always the case. Some are of the opinion that the language cannot bo kept beyond the see- Dnd generation, and that the grandchildren of the emigrants will certainly speak nothing but English. The facts of experience offer triumphant objections to this opinion." The memorial then cites the cases pf the French in Carolina ancl Louisiana,. the Germans in other sections and the-Canadian French"Experience, moreover, teaches that the em~ (grants and their descendants who forget their* language likewise forget their religion. Language and religion arc inseparable, more especially in emigration countries. To give up one Is to forfeit the other. Of course the different nationalities of emigrants must Americanize themselves. But what is meant by Americanizing one's self?" "To Americanize oneself means to become a- citizen of the United States, or an American citizen. In order to become an American clti sen it is necessary to acecept tho constitution. of the United States, to do what it wills and respect what it respects. Now, that constitution recognizes tho right of every nationality t)f immigrants to retain its religion, Its language, its character and the like. To Americanize oneself, then, is first and above all to> accept and to respect this right whlch-the constitution grants to all the different nationalities that live under its protection and that constitute in their diversity the American division. "To ask these nationalities to forget their language and their country in order to Americanize themselves is to pursue a work that i» anti-American, a work directly opposed to the constitution and the very essence of the cation. It belongs peculiarly to every nationality to take the initiative in the matter of Americanizing itself. And we would think It a gross pretension were any particular nationality to arrogate to itself the mission of Americanizing tho others, for this would be to> lay claim to possessing greater American. ?enius, being better fitted to serve the republic, being Invested with priority and to violate^ tlie rights of others." The memorial than says the holy see* will know how to act under these circumstances. It then discusses the faet> that most of the immigrants are poor and little able to stand the exactions of' many of the parishes in this country, which fact is believed to keep many of' them from church. The organization of the public schools is such as to lead to carelessness in church duties. The parochial. schools have been established by some, but many parishes do not realize the- importance of such schools. The organization of benefit and other societies- Is believed by it to be a danger to Catholics, for they cause the regulation of ill the lives without any consideration of religious duties. It then discusses- the "pernicioxis secret societies." The memorial finally argues that th& ippointment of bishops for the different nations would bring them closer to the- holy see and thereby help the growth* af the church. It is signed by the of- ttcals of the Raphael society and ac- 3ompanying it are immigration statistics. _ M ET INSTANT DEAT H. ALL-AROUND FARM TALKS, A SHARP, bright plow turns a clean furrow and saves oats and horseflesh. MANUBE from well-fed animals, the manure being kept under coyer, should contain all the elements of plant food. A FABMEB plainly shows he does not care to improve his practices or better hie condition when he claims he has no time to read, IT is reported that certain western fanners have tried collars on oxen, in- titead of yokes, and that the result of titie test is favorable to the use of eo> iar* Four Men Killed by the Explosion of » Locomotive Holler in Pennsylvania. WHITE HAVEN, Pa., July }.—A disastrous explosion occurred on the Central railroad, of New Jersey, Monday night, near Nesquehoning Junction, bj which four men were instantly killed. Engine No. 835* was shifting freight and had just passed out of the yard, in which thera were several other engines and crews. When it reached Nesquehoning the fire undefneath the engine boiler was. noticed to be dying out and giving' off a quantity of vapor. Firemaw Pope got down from the cab with the intention of examining the boiler. He had barely reached the door when a violent explosion occurred. The four men who were on the engine were blown in every direction. The- fireman has not been found yet, The names of. the killed ares" Engineer Thomas Trip, Maud* Chunk? Fireman J- Pope, Linsfield; Brake Gallagher, Mauch Chunk; Brak,(?man Smith, Maucji Chunk. Up i»ike'» Peak by K»U. COLQBABO SPRINGS', Col., July l.-~ The Pike's Peak railway is now in successful operation. The first passenger train reached the summit at 5:25 Tuesday afternoon. Jfhe train consisted ol an engine and one car, occupied by sixty-five people. The lower terminus ol the line is 6,400 feet above the se» level and the upt,er U, U7. The distance is 9 miles and the steepest grade- is 95 per cent on a rise of 1 in 40. TJie engine used on the train weighs forty tons. It operates by cogwheels- alone. The rear of the locomotive i» elevated so that toe boiler is nearly I lev«l when oa the taftvipb grade*.