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SPECIAL SALE! Windsor Ties. Shirts. Of Samples of the following Goods: Ladies' and Childrens' Lace Collars, Aprons. Handkerchiefs- Ladies' Black Lace Ties, Ladies' Colored Silk Ties. Lakes' White Mull Ties* Ladies' Chimesetts. Ladies' Blouse Waists. All the ate Goods will be sold at once at Wholesale Prices, THE BEST BARGAINS EVER OFFERED IN THE NORTHWEST. WE ALSO HAVE A LARGE LOT OF "ES T3T 1 TVVT TXT JrC Jt±i JVL -LM TVT J.M Which we will sell Regardless of Cost. We will also sell our large stock of Clothing at a discount during this month. We invite every one to call in and see the bargains. Yours truly, Tolxn. G-oecLers, Jr. $arm cmb Stock JA31ES WILSON, Editor. [Ideas are solicited from our farmer readers. Queries will be answered. Address to the Editor, Tames "Wilson, Truer, Iowa.] Cut timothy at the beginning of the blossoming period, fov the reason that it then yields its largest per cent, of albu- minoids, or that element in which it is deficient compared -with clover, that element that is law in corn and valuable. Mrs. Carrie Coffin Rutledge says that "the child never taught to work is to be pitied. The boy who has all the money he- wants is in danger. The girl who has an idle hour every day needs help." This is grand—good enough to be incorporated into the proverbs of Solomon. The world was told that the general use of horses would close whan steam was first used. Now it is told that eleC- irieity will relegate the horse to idleness. "We think more horses will be used than before, but fashion in horses will change, as their uses change. The heavy horse is wanted now more than e\>er. The development of the arid regions of the country is now on a sensible basis. They have resolved to irrigate. That is honest work. The extent to which they ciin is the uppermost thought out there. Wo can estimate the extent of production from that very easily, and distm-banco to out markets and population may be fair- 1\ anticipated by us. \Ve advise owners of lump-jawed cut- lie to keep them separate .from the ivst. If the trouble is actinirnyeosis it' is better to destroy the animal at once and bury it. The State will come to this eventually. The disease is contagious and extends from one animal to another. Wo h.-tve known one farmer to IIO.VG ten cnscs in a, summer where there was but one in 1 \:?- spring. the We would have very little hope of farmers getting oven handed justice from law makers, or law expounders, or ejcec- iitors, if any considerable aumber of them in Iowa should go ofE after that southern two percent, loan scheme. The idea, in a. republic, of one class getting money cheaper than other classes. Free.coinage ol' silver has good, sturdy legs to Stand (i-i, but class legislation has none at all. Dutter. Another sample of sweot butter showed in the test 41.17 and of marketable butter 50.C pounds. As high as 27.9 per cent, gain in butter over test is reported. The excessive sales of cattle .last fall (Hid winli.'r are telling now in many directions. Milk cows are scarce in many localities. Stock cattle are wanted for rsiiiny \i •..-!• mvs. Let the Iowa farmer lay this le.-:vn to heart. Keep plenty of pas- tun- in f'.iliK'e so that stock can be carried over a p.- nii'v time. In breeding out see to it th;,t noivi but those capable of being put in the hiij-h selling classes are bred. Remember (hi t whon things sell below normal values somebody buys to hold' Prepare to hold yourself. The New Hampshire experiment station told us in 1SSM3 that quantity of milk results from food Influence, and quality from the make-up of the animal; that quality follows quantity. In 1891 the report from that station modifies this and tells us that whatever ditte.rcnce may bu noticed either in quantity or quality resulting from feeding these grains—gli*t- cn '-"ill aud corn meal—must be due to the relative proportion of albuminoids and non albuminoids. Mr. Muncy called our attention to New Hampshire lately when wo said food controlled quality of milk as well as quantity. We refer him to New Hampshire and will refer hiiij to something more definite on this subject directly. . A wrilw in the Country Gentleman suggests that the State send around men to test TOWS. Ais well send around men to milk them. Cows vary as much as ono per cent, in a month, and vary in solids and quantity as their treatment changes. They give the richest milk in the early and late parts of the milking period. Tosts cnn be accurate only when taken quite frequently, Curing the whole time they give milk, and then feed changes quantity and quality. It changes solids per cents, and fats' per cents., although we ai<o told it dot's not by scientists who have something yet to learn. We do think neighborhood cooperation in the ownership of a testing machine is practical. Indeed, we think the owner of a dozen cows should have one. iiTp*lenty, anil avoid periods of scarcity that compel the sacrifice of immature animals. The past losses to the Sta-tc in this direction should be present admonition. A writer in the Country Gentleman so- u-rely criticises some of the essays in tie-reports of the Department of Agriculture, and very justly so. The people want facts from'that source, not guesses a nd theories. Husk does so much well that he redeems much that his subordinates do by the rule of thumb. The wheat dissertations would not puss muster in a township alliaa«v. (Jeoriri- VanHou-ten says "wolves are l.'i'ing exterminated and dogs bchig raised hu numbers, simultaneously." We road in the uiilli-nium coining in a few years, rutting that and that together., wo t,l:uuli]u'l wojider. The increase of sjit-q) will follow, ami some of the conditions of hdiptural prophesy will be present. Of course the rdgn of the yellow dog and (he, tyiiii? up of old nick aro inoomjjut- 11,11-. " The West Virginia experiment btation ivports 22.1 per cent, marketable butter above the test yield, that is, the toting of milk shows the per cent, of buttt* fats l.ut the marketable product is o«H pure- butter fats. There hi BOHMJ salt) som« milk/ some water. This is one illustration of the difference between test yield and salable butte*. Another gives 21.03 poutods by test and 80 peuudd tuaxtetobk butter. These a*e 4cid b»tte>rs. Sweet cream butter tested to toe milk 48.40 The Immigration problem in the past wiv* with regard to settling up the vacant lands. ISfow it is u question of crowding the back aHpys of our cities, the poor houses and jails with, the rejected of southern Europe. It is a grave question whether the Amerisani/.ing influences of tho land are keeping pace with the d<> grading influences. Tho immigrant settling upon the public domain learned fast and forgot fifst. The Italian in a cloud of Italians in. a'bapk street will neither learn nor forget. We are adding 100,000 or more voters of the latter class every year to the governing power of the republic, -No other nation, evor ran such risks. The" votes of the cities arc fast exceeding .the votes of tho -rural districts. As soon as this is reliably so policies new and uaAmerican will Ijc aired and advo- oatod and struggled ore?. The May drouth will .maVfe hajf crops slw)rt without question. It is as well to recognize this m season o>nd prepare for complementing them. Millets, -corn fodder, better saving of oats so as to have good foddors from them can, amply make up for the shortage in hay. We depend euVirely too much on timothy orchard grass, red top and 9ther gjasses that require feeding. We n»»y "have more* rains that will give us a good second crop of cloafior and help the pastures. Every year ivk are wore impressed with the folly of ove* stodttaf toe .piartuK*, or of over grazW thorn, oy of under seeding them., lJw A &*.ry..Jarv»ci: study out far WnWf yf&aawoN \^$ keaj) his stock CHEESK. The cheese question will settle itself. Dishonesty is the ruling factor at present. The skimmer is in general use. It is much more difficult to make a full cream cheese than a skim milk concern. It pays at present to rob the cheese and sell butter, but the good name of our cheese abroad is being injured greatly. There are some fncts about cheese that might as well be started. The very best are not made from exceedingly rich milk. It is a difficult matter to properly make cheese from five per cent. milk. It is comparatively easy to make cheese after half of the cream has been skimmed off. The milk that is three par cent, will make a good cheese if properly and honestly made. The temptation to skim is groat because public taste is not cultivated among our people. We arc of the opmon that a herd of cows giving three per cent, milk will pay for cheese cows, and a fine article can be made from such milk. There is not much hope of good cheese generally being sesn on our market. The poor article, too highly acidified, sells now to people who are not good judges us readily as the full cream cheese. Home demand does not grow, because no one gets a taste of any except the bogus concern. Laboring men abroad find full cream cheese one of the cheapest and most -wholesome articles of diet in the market; and they know the good from the bad. Our working classes have never been educated by good cheese to -desire it, consequently our .home market is lim- ite 1. Wo know of no way by which good cheese can.be more generally introduced than l»y honest dairies establishing brands that will work their way into public favor. t DAIRY SCHOOLS. The minister of Agriculture in Canada proposes to send traveling dairy schools around to teach the Canadian farm wives to make better butter. This is not neAv. It was done in Ireland, wo aru told,, many years ago. The minister is alarmed at the piles of poorly made butter he finds the small farmers bringing to town and selling at*low prices. Intelligent men in all lands are thinking on the siune lines. The Iowa agricultural trustees are about to build a dairy equipped thoroughly with all appliances, and teach the Iowa dairy farmers for ten weeks in winter. No examinations arc had before entering this school. The school will be open the year 'round to students in the four years' and two years' agricultual courses. We read that dairy education is given in the cheese-making districts of Scotland by visiting instructors. We ajso loarn that the State of NewVYork is waking up, and a dairy school will be held at the Geneva experiment stat-ion, but ouly for. ten days in the year. There is great need of education of this 1 kind, and the very best manipulators in the dairies are most anxious for it, while the makees of the poor product feel lees anxiety and think they cent. oUnetormlftftdadftho State fttti U5 po* cent, of the totui tftlas ol fftftns of the State, New England farmers are shut otit by westeftl dompetltion from producing grftlfi Of anything made from grain that competes with tho West, and aro compelled to turn to the prodttcttoh of what factory villages want that the West can not so well supply. Matkot gardening near the, factory towns is a leading rural pursuit. Beef and pork making Is denied them, but mutton would pay if they had mutton sheep, which they have not. They can not compete wjth us in raising horses, its the grain .costs ttiem too much, antl their thin soils do not grow grass as ours do. The abandonment is small compared with the Itko movement from our western arid regions. The time will come when those abandoned homes will bo sought again by people from overcrowded towns. Meanwhile nature will replenish them with fertility. The brightest minds of Now England are engaged in manufacturing, and the wages paid In. the factory towns make it impossible for farmers to compote who can not use machinery as western men do. Wo have just reached the point when population increases much faster in the town than in the country. Our increase is now over 2,000,000 a year, and the farms call for none of it. The immigration goes to the city to get prices that farmers can not pay. Every year we will more sensibly compete with foreign nations in products of labor. Trusts and combines and strikes by capital and labor may limit production of factory goods and keep up prices for a timo, but increasing population will require bread, and it oan- only be had by working for it. As town population increases it will gradually become in lees demand, as the farmers' labor has been heretofore when so many new farms were opened every year. Then abandoned farms will find tillers, becaus'e town work will be harder to got. Our carriers are turning off men instead of employing them. Wages will be lower as the millions increase, with no new railroads nor new farms to give employment. Lands will rise in value if our present producing acres at home are to feed increasing population. They will not if our ports are opened to the products of cheap lands across our borders. The coming Italian, Hungarian and Russian are to compete for cheap jobs everywhere, and arc to affect labor problems much more than did the home seeking British, Irish, Scandinavians and Germans, who arc .now going elsewhere to a great extent. Abandoned farms will not lie idle long anywhere. Si BtBT, IOWA, JUNE 11, 1801. Oats. . ...27@.80 18 Cattle.. $3® $5.00 Wheat........ .00 Flax .......... $ .88 Oofn...... 8S@.40 Butter ...... .13 Hopts... 14.00 Barley .. 48® .60 Hay..,.,.,... 0.00 HOME NEWS. viptted Algona Monday. McDonald was to Algona Bev. Perry Friday. Don't forget the basket social Friday evening. Geo. E. Marble returned home Saturday evening. Cady & Hallock have placed an ice box in their store. Eugene McDonald is expected home to spend the Fourth. Mrs. Maggie Waldo was visiting in our city over Sunday. Eev. Luce preached an able sermon here Sunday evening. Mr. Nicholson's new house is nearly ready for the plasterers. The carpenter work on the Wilcox house is nearly completed. Go and get a clothes pin at Mrs. II. McDonald's Friday evening. Koadm aster Sheldon is doing some needed grading on our streets. ~Wlif Hait, of Algona, has been lathing Mr. Nicholson's new house. Duane Tallman and family Sunday- ed withthe families of Cady & Hallock DA party"b"f bur young people are contemplating spending the Fourth at the lakes. Eev. Fans will • occupy his pulpit next Sunday morning as usual at 10:45; at Buffalo 2 p. in. Mrs. J. O. Hatch, of Bancroft, came from Algona Monday and spent a few days at Clark Coffin's. John WalRer was here Tuesday morning and left for Chicago with two cars of hogs for J. J. Wilson. August Markgraf has commenced the stone wall for his new house. Abe Grose will do the carpenter work. Will Easterly is in the railroad office at Stanhope, Hamilton county. He is expected home to spend the fourth. The Presbyterian society will give a clothes pin and basket social at Mrs. H. McDonald's Friday evening next. Our ball club went to Bancroft, AVednesday last, and succeeded in winning a game of ball from the Bancroft club. Saturday afternoon there was a game between the Burt nine and the boys of Sodtown, resulting in favor of our home nine. W1M, The people from Portland and many from tma vicinity will celebrate the glorious fourth at the tftdve of Jay Grover. From W. A. Chipman, president of the day, we learn tnat Prof. dr. F» Barslou will deliver the oration. Eugene Tellier and others are also expected to speak. The mttsic will be singing of patriotic songa by home talent. Horse races, foot races, games, etc. No pains will be spared in mai* ing the day pleasant and entertaining to all who attend. Eetnember, a picnic dinner in one of the flnesfr groves in the country. ENTITJUED 1O THE 1JKST. When you pay a good price for your tea you are entitled to the best. Out May Flower brand of Uncolored Jap is winning its way to the front because it ig a good arliele. If you hava not tried it you can get a sample free of cJtavgt by calling at Cady & Hallock's and asking for it. DR, Mc'CQRMACK. Physician & Surgeon. BUBT, - IOWA. Dispenses Medicines. J. B. CORK, Real Estate Agt. BUBT, IOWA. Good farms .for sale. BENEDICT & ALLEN, Millinery & Dressmaking. BUBT, IOWA. A good assortment of the '.latest styles- in millinery goods always on hand. Fourth of July •will soon be here and for your shoes go- to Cady & Hallock's. Eemember, we carry the best and largest assortment of Staple and Fancy Groceries, Machine Oil and Gasoline. Com& and see us. Cady & Hallock, Leading Grocers. know it all The State has an interest, how.ever, in the product sold for ten cents a pound that would ba-ing twice that or more if it were .well made. It is interesting to see the different ways different peoples take to elevate industries. Once get our people thoroughly impressed with the necessity of a movement of this kind and it is carried out pretty effectually. Wisconsin has had a dairy school in operation for so»e time, and Iowa dttiryrnen have gone up there to lefcm. The Ames institution will 80 V^ftt is accessary In this diwction this win tor, and aU th# 1m *f RMS. PAIATABIMTY. The silo has made, corn fodder mom palatable and thereby done a great service to feeders. It is one of the sWps in the growth of economic feeding.' Experiment stations find that the dry fodder will make as much milk and of as high per cents, of butter fats and total solids, but when the silage is perfect more of it is eaten and more milk had. It is not al- wiiys j-x'rft'ct, however. It is yet an «pen question whether most fodder or silage is lost; bul one thing is settled: the siloed stalks are more palatable. This js a great giun.' The Ontario experiment station finds that silage takes the place of roots in a feeding rntion, and this is a very groat point gained. Is this all wo need seek after in the way of cow feed? "We do not tltink so. That is sufficient for the clay, and an economic method, we agree readily, but there are considerations in the minds of feeders that oan not bo put aside. Few silo pits turn out a perfect product. If the work of siloing is not done in ah expert manner the per cent, of loss is quite serious. We have visited the stlos of very pretentious people and find this loss omnipresent. Then, it the corn is not properly ripened and cut at tho proper stage, too much acid is sure to form that is not good for milk cows. Admitting that an expert with a perfect silo will make a uniformly good article, we still insist that uniformly good silage" is not general. If silage is the end of inquiry with regard to cow feed in Iowa, then perfect silage by all is -the end to reach for all. We think progress may be made in other directions. Palatability is the point to reach. Is there no other way to miilce corn stalks palatable than by natural steaming in their green state? Does anything stand in the way of artificial steaming but the comparative expense? AVe think not. It is no answer to this to say lhat artificial steaming is aid fashioned and antiquated. What is siloiijg but softening by natural steaming while in the green state? If palato- bility is brought abou-t by softening so that the cow will like it as well, and it can be done as cheaply, what objection is there to it? Who has proven that it will eost more? We think that it i« well worth trying. The loss through too much acid, from the white mold, from air cracks, from loss in the corners, from corn not mature enough, the extra work in handling the green sttrtks, all Amount to enough to justify experimenting with steaming tho dry fodder. lavestigators have proved that cows do better on warm water in winter than on cold water. This is rational. The cow milks best when she is kept warm in the barn, and she must warm up a cold mess before digestion begins, so she milks best on a warm mess. The securing of palhtabili- ty by aeaming wiW sayo warming water for tho eows. We aro getting facets step by step, and there is room for fuUor investigation with regard t» eooi)«uay in feeding. Some dairymen vrho have & few cowe and a silo imagine there fcnoth- iug beyond to discover and jK>thiaj[ bind worts A relative of Mrs. Ann Wilson, from Pennsylvania, is visiting here. He is said to be a baseballist and has joined the Burt nine. Mi-, and Mrs. M. II. Getz, of Ehnore, were in the neighborhood visiting relatives and friends over Sunday. Mr. Getz returned home Monday morning but Mrs. Getz remained at her sister's, Mrs. J. D. Davison. The Eepublican primary was held at the school house Thursday, at four o'clock, and elected as delegates S. Wooden, Levi Hodgson and A. C. Cady, who attended the county convention the following day. Chas. Cook was home from Emmetsburg a few days last week. The creamery in which he was working- was struck by lightning and burned down and Chas. had a few days vacation. He returned Friday. Our school closed Friday, and celebrated the event in picnic fashion in Mr. Norton's grove. A picnic dinner and good program made it interesting and enjoyable for the "youngsters 0 and all others that attended. Isaac Bunker, while witnessing the game of ball yesterday, was severely injured, two ribs being broken, He was run into by the catcher, James Stow, while making a hard run after a foul ball. The catcher, with his eye on the ball, was running hard and struck him with his foot in the ribs. Burt has a Furniture Store. Buy your furniture of W. M. Gook. HSP"A" good stock and reasonable prices, WE HAVE IT: An elegant line of white dress goods at prices that are right. Call and see them. Nickolson & Buell. GKEO. E. MARBLE Still rUns a- The boys from Wesley came over yesterday to cross bats with the Burt club. The day was somewhat windy but both clubs were in excellent spirits and an interesting game was the result The game was probably the best ever witnessed on our home diamond. The result was 10 to 14 in favor of the home nine. Eev. and Mrs. Faus returned from their visit at Onawa, Iowa, Friday of last week. Their visit to Onawa was to witness the graduating exercises of the Onawa High School, in which, at the head of the class of eight students, stood their son, Charles A. Faus. A certificate of honor was sent to him from Avery College, Michigan, which is a compliment worthy of mention. A couple of Italians with a bear, visited our town Friday, and attempted to amuse our citizens to the extent of several dollars, but the citizens didn't bite. The band, which consisted of one piece, played a solo, after which the bear commenced to perform. The boys were all at once filled with enthusiasm, and with one accord commenced to celebrate the Fourth. While the fire works were going on, to the dissatisfaction of the visiting parties, they witedrew with "me no bother you, you no pother me." We didn't really need them in our business. The new M. J3. church at Buffalo Forks was dedicated to the service of Almighty God on Sunday last, Rev, 1 • W. Luce, of Clear Lake, officiating. The day was fine and people came from all quarters. At 11 a. m., the hour the service was to begin, the nouse was full and many could: not get w. Eev. Luce did justice to himself ana the community in tlxe sennonandm raising the amount needed to Cree tne phurcn from debt- He stated to «•audience that they needed $6W> to the church of ineumbrance a»4 lie must bj,ve jt if to.ey kad tP ~" AT BURT. Fresh Groceries always on hand and a good assortment of General Merchandise. IB BEDI If so come and see me and get prices on Hardware. And remember I keep on hand a complete line of SHELF aM HEAVY HARDWARE, Tinware, Woofleware, Stoves, Etc, G, B. WHITNEY, BURT, IOWA. STOP -AT THE- BDRT HOTEL! M, i. MAYHEW, Proprietor, Good Accommodations. Livery and Feed Stable in connection with hotel. The Burt Meat Market, EUVIDCE BROS. Pro pa. Fresh and Cured Meats, on Hand, 14JD foi ana.