The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on June 10, 1891 · Page 10
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 10

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, June 10, 1891
Page 10
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$atm an& Stock Cdltor. [Ideas nrc solicited from our farmer renders. will be answered. Address to th« Editor, lames Wilson, Traer, Iowa.] Sweden Is alarmed at the loss of he* young men, -who are coming here In great numbers. Swedes make as good citizens as the best. Our articles, written before we arranged with our present readers, re-appoar with credit given us In many papers. Wo have no objection to this and write these lines so that others will understand it. We keep faith with our circle of readers In writing exclusively for them. We believe the rise in the value of Iowa lands in the past year is equul to the entire mortgage Indebtedness of the State, and that the rise in the coming year will be as great as the last, and then Iowa lands will be the cheapest in the nation, when their productive power is considered. . Manual labor is not obligatory at the college farm at Ames, but ten or a dozen boys from the farm entering that institution next spring can earn enough to pay their board by working tM'o or three hours a day in the dairy, the experimental .work, and on the farm. Well educated men in these linos are in demand everywhere. The Ohio experiment station finds that corn in two instances matured better after the stalks were cut and shocked, and 1 wo other examples make little difference whether it Is cut or not as far sis maturity is concerned. This point is of interest to us, as it disproves assertions that a large per cent, of grain is lost if the crop be cut for fodder. This fear has deterred many from cutting corn. There is a little disposition in some newspapers to mix up the farmers' college at Ames with polities. This is a pity. Those who have the education of the youth in charge should be quiet politically, and they should enjoy quiet from partisan papers. The trustees leave partisan politics at home when they come to visit it, and partisanship should not cross the campus to meddle with them in the sacred duty assigned them bv ;the State. The hide of the' native cattle, makes better leather than that of the well bred animals. Handling is one of the ways of judging-cattle. The mellow hide indicates an easy feeder and a good milker. The tough hide makes thu best leather, but it indicates slow feeding qualities. It lakes many generations to breed and feed a tough hide into a mellow hide. Delicacy in the hide is the other extreme. A thin paper hide is not desirable. It has been demonstrated that roots and silage and such things are not suitable for fattening hogs, but farmers will know that the hog will fatten more rapidly in the fall if the bulk of his summer keeping has been growing clover. Many farmers let blue grass take possession of the hay pasture, and while we are a .(fiend to the blue grass, we think clover boats it for the uses of the hog. Therefore we suggest repeated sowings of rod clover on rooted spots early and late to keep a fresh bite of clov^-r for the hogs. When it is determined how much animals will gain by being fed a ration of grain on grass it is then only a question whether it will pay or not. Iowa is the most natural place in the world to make moat and dairy products, and all our grains should be fed for these purposes that have heretofore been shipped away for others to feed. We have no gold bearing quart-/, but evcuy bushel of grain .suggests profit to the feeder. If it pays to summer food do it by all means if you have good stock. There is no grander promise for the future farm homo than the education of farmers' daughters. The education of the boys means moro physical material and intellectual power to the State, more money, better stock, larger crops, finer buildings, more extensive farming, better profits from high selling products. The education of the girls touches the inner Ii IV 1 , makes home more comfortable and luippy, and reaches onward to the mould- ing o[ generations to come, and elevates ivligion, morals, taste and conduct. Prof. Osborn, of the Agricultural col- Ifije. watched a ground squirrel dig up lifiy cut worms from a yard square of ground. This cut worm in various forms is becoming a very serious nuisance, and the, people of Iowa are steadily increasing them by killing off the ground squirrels tluit hunt them. Boys shoot, trap and hunt them, fanners poison them, and every one killed means more cut worms another season. Wo have often fed them with corn until the young plants are out of they: way, when they do no harm. The American Dairyman quotes a German paper that says: "The feeding of ensilage if properly done would' not only increase the quantity of milk, but the quality also." Now this is getting to the mot uf the trouble. Germans first said that feeding would not alfect quality, :;iid our wiseacers followed suit to this diiy. If some German says otherwise, common sense folk will get a hearing, Uut the Germans must say so first, then our scientists will say so too, then Tray, Blanche and Sweetheart will all chime in that feed ailects quality of milk, and truth will prevail uncut that matter. Henry ('. Wallace, in the Breeders' Gim-lte, suggests working draft stallions. That is new amougst -us, but not new where these draft horses were developed. It is a capital idea, particularly as work would—as he says—develop latent -weak- nesses. Our people know nothing of the antecedents ot Imporled horsfis in this re- gatd. Blemishes appeal in the colts that were only latent in tho sites. Working would do more than that. It would give us better, kindlier work horses. Habits do become transmlssa- ble and the disposition to Work would obey this law. Mi. Wallace is a fine writer. It is not wise to teat down any structure that has been useful until materials are In reach to buird a better. It is not wise to repeal a law until a bettor one is enacted. It is not sensible to destroy a government until a better one can bo put in its placn, nor is it well to" abandon a political organisation until a new one containing all that is good in it, together with something more needed for tho times, is demanded by circumstances, rather than by individuals. Conservatism in this regard is a virtue. Quito often tho party machine needs new drivers, when it would bo very foolish to burn it up. Destroying angels as a class are uncanny. Prof. Henry finds as the result of four trials that 7(iO pounds of whey can be substituted for TOO pounds of grain—corn meal and shorts. Estimating corn meal at $13 per ton whey is worth Sc per cwt. These experiments are quite valuable to cheese, makers. He did not succeed with whey alone. He may on some future occasion, as hogs have been fed succss- fully on whey alone. Wo think whey will be found most valuable hi connection with grains. It scoured the pigs when fed alone, the Professor says. It does not always do this. A slight scalding would prevent that. It is always pleasant to read after Prof. Henry. He is doing practical work for tho farmers, instead of dreamy, abstract investigating that is moro curious than valuable. It pays to feed sheep grain on the grass when we consider the price of mutton. Tho owes can suckle the lamb and gain in flesh in thu mean time. First rate pasture will not quite do this, but will come very near doing it. We must remember that what can not be done farther east in this regard on account of dearer grains can bo donu profitably in Iowa. Of course owes and lambs not designed for market rcqu'ire nothing more, Wian good pasture, but where early lambs of good weight are wanted for the summer market grain feeding on grass will pay , and pay well. Wo sleep on our privileges in this respect. We can make, mutton just as much cheaper than our neighbors in other States as our feeds are. cheaper. Wo suggest that mutton producers try this a little. They will bo surprised at tho rapid growth of the lambs and tho hastening of tho marketing period. The growth of a city brings steam and electricity to run out light horses, !but the same growth demands heavy horses for drayage, and on the whole more horses are in demand. Tho breeders must accommodate themselves to the altered conditions and breed what is wanted. Machinery does tin; work of many men, but the use of machinery creates demand for moro men. Workers aro required to know more than in days when hand labor did tho work machinery now does. A different workman is in demand. Educated workers can do a day's work in many instances in eight hours. The uneducated require all the sunlight to earn a living. Tho deft, skilled hand is in great demand all over our land. The fino horse is wanted. The products of skill sell high. Those who will^not learn belong to a past era, work in iT^oal as people used to oat and live primitive fashion. A record for milking cows is likely to bo a fact at home and abroad very soon. How farmers aro to get into that aristocratic list will bo an interesting question soon. The, way is not entirely obscure. Select tho best milkers, feed thorn generously, keep records of their performance in quantity and quality. Breed them to males that aro from the deepest milking dams. Rear heifer calves for tho dairy, on abundant, but not on heating i'ocd. Breed early among the largo broods of cattle, feed well and milk long, after tho first calf, not breeding soon after tho first calf. Reject all unsatisfactory pur- formers that will not respond to good keeping. Bo sure to got successive males from tho very best milking dams and kcop on rejecting all your life, as no brood for any purpose is kept up to high excellence any other way. You will eventually have a herd of high average quality. Then you can spoiUho efforts of a life time by one illy considered purchase of a malo from a poor milker. Hoard's Dairyman advises growing peas to feed instead of bran at $30 a ton. That is a good suggestion. In fact, one of tho farm problems of tho clay is what can wo grow the cheapest that will balance our corn ration. Clover hay goes some distance in that direction. Tho oil meals and gluten meals answer also and arc generally cheaper than bran. Everybody knows the value of bran to go with corn, but all do not know that any al- buminous fuod answers the same purpose. Peas ate resorted to altogether where the climate will not mature corn. The Europeans send hero to get our oil meals of different kinds, and buy readily both peas and beans when they are cheaper than other feeds. Singularly, our people have boon paying more by^tliQ ton, iii many localities, for bran than for any other cow feed.* We suggest to farmers to try different feeds with thfeir corn. and fodders and see which gods best and makes most money. When gra$s cattle begin to go to mar- • ket from the ranou countries an( } f rom tho newt settled pottloafl 6f, tho fcm belt of tho country, the owners 6f well bred cattle should stop soiling anything that must compete with them. Our well bred Iowa cattle can do better by us than sell for prices similar to what tho Texas steet brings. The native Oftft not be el» ovat«n>y feeding so much as tho high grade! There is a possibility In tho well bred animal that docs not exist in the native. Good feeding will make the grade rank up high and added llesh -will bring the price of good blood. So unless we have our grade cattle In condition it is bad management to let them go at range stock prices, as they must if thoy are not fitted for market. The farmer requires to study the possibilities that good breeding brings within his reach quite as much as the necessity of better breeding. When both these things got- attention profits will be more regular. Trotters and other roadsters aro being freely exported. That is one thing we can not buy abroad. The 'trotting horse is an American product. There is great activity at present all over the West in the breeding of roadsters of different kinds. Tho town man for diversion turns to brooding and training trotters. If fair sixo is kept in view, and the symmetry that makes beauty wo have no doubt but that tho Old World will open markets for tho nimble footed roadsters. In fact, we aro on tho eve of supplying the Old World with horses of various kinds. We can as surely raise horses chca"per hero than they can be raised farther east or in the Old World, as wo do raise steers cheaper. It has been demonstrated by Williams and others that Iowa soli and climate aro suitable for horses. This Is . more of a point hi our favor than many imagine. The field Is a wide, an inviting one and a profitable ono. Horses for all desirable breeds for draft, for tho carriage, the saddle and the sulkoy are in demand and will be. BEETS FOB SUGAR. Prof. Straw, of the college farm at Guelph, Canada, says with regard to beets that barnyard manure should bo applied In tho fall, as it crows leaves too much when applied In the spring, that highly nitrogenous manures have the same effect; horse manure is best, that from the sheep is least useful, increasing the salts in the beets. Ho says farther,, that tho soil should be made loose, as boots can not push down Into a hard soil. The thinning should bo done wluen tho first rough loaf appears. The more cultivating tho better. The earth must be drawn around tho plant at the last cultivating. Tho largest roots are usually lower in per cent, of sugar than tho smaller. Ho plants eight inches apart The yield should bo twenty-one and ono half tons an aero if tho plants weigh one. pound each and stand eight inches apart, with the rows eighteen inches distant. He speaks of $4.25 a ton being paid. Dry weather cut down the regularity of tho stand—about ten tons an acre was tho result. They lose nearly 7 per cent, in washing, cleaning and trimming. Sixteen pounds an aero of seeds were sown. A wot germination period is necessary, a mild Juno and dry weather in July and August, and September. Saccharifica- tion occurs in tho latter month. The per cent, of sugar was 18.58, but the outside row grew much longer than the others and tho boots in consequence analyzed only 11.04. This is suggestive. Close rows seem imperative. An open question is whether as much sugar in amount conies from large boots. Fifteen tons an acre is about the European average and is considered a good crop. Thoroughly drained soil, naturally or artifically, is necessary. Clay soils and sandy soils, Prof. Shaw says, aro not good. IXFMHSNCK Ol? l'\KEI> ON MILK. A writer in tho Jersey Bulletin says that "you can not food flavor into a cow's butter." Well, try onions, turnips, carrots, and then try blue grass pastures, and clover hay and see. Nonsense like this is 'as thick as cut worms. Every man who has boon compelled by the force of events to milk cows imagines that what ho observes once or twice is all that is worth knowing about milking cows; that men who have milked for a life time know nothing; thaj something quito new is in vogue, in feeding cows and treating milk, while in fact, th'e good wife with her old fashioned spring makes as good butter as is found in tho land, and the new theories abroad are merely what the good wife practiced for agQS. That the creamery is teaching those who know nothing of dairying is a fact, but wo know farmers' wives who can equal tho best creamery butter and excel the best factory cheese, because they have boon at it before and since tho advent of tho creamery. Wo rejoice that we have an educating force in tlie factory system, but the ai-rant nonspuse we m»ar about feed not affecting quality auci quantity and color and flavor from the tecept con- Torts to milking is very tireso*ae. The dangers that they get too much credence from the rising generation. We 'suggest trial before faith regarding all ti»s surprising dairy lore. Feed poor stuff and see if you do not get poor"milk; feed oo»n and see if-you got as "good milk or ae much of it as if yoii fed bran, oats or oil meal with .corn. Food ensilage top Boar and seo if you do not ihjure both the cow aritl the product Feed oniopa and sec if you dotnot*chauge the flavor. Turn cows from hay io grass and see it you <! not heighten tho color. An old W "by the head ..the c6w gives itUlk" Is a true one. Of course, breeding, feeding and milking for succe.ssiyo gemss&tJen* gives individuality .to the com tto)l feed ' HEXAGOl^L POWDER WHY ANB H6W CANNON PdWDE 16 RAMMED fittttftfi' if IS USED. it I« Co»npr«w*«d toy ttydmnikt Mtathittw Into Convenient l.tttle £rliut—Some* thing About tlio frets That Does the Wort—A Complicated Proecsn. A large number of persona Who Visited the scene of the disastrous powder explosion of the Du Pont Powder mills earned away with them, as mementos of the explosion, little six-sided pieces of a black material which they generally supposed to be iron or some soft metal. These mementos Were six sided, about li inches long, one inch in diameter, and were pierced by a small round hole. They appeared to be blank six aided nuts, ready to be tapped or threaded to make them available on the bolts of the mill machinery. They appeared to be innocent little things, easy to pilfer and convenient to carry, and served nicely as mementos of the great explosion. In reality these innocent looking mementos are lumps of concentrated explosive energy. They are prisms or lumps of prismatic powder. The name is doubtless owing to the peculiar shape given to each piece or block, which ia that of a short hexagonal prism. This form is the result of intense pressure to which the powder is exposed in its passage through a powerful hydraulic press. It was chosen for the same reason that the honey bee chooses to make the cells in its comb hexagon—economy of space. In building cartridges for big guns out of this powder the pieces fit snugly together. The compression has put every possible ounce of force into the prism, the small size of the prisms enable the gunners accurately to measure the force of each charge, and tho kexagons pack together without loss of space in the load chamber of the gun. In the manufacture of this powder science has learned to ram tho charge of powder before putting it into the gun barrel. THE MACHINE. The concentration of power by means of the hydraulic press is so great that solid prisms of this powder loaded into a gun would probably burst it, and if not would be wasted by ejectment from the gun before it was all burned. The round hole in the prisms of powder, which makes them a complete duplicate of a blank six sided iron nut, is to secure expansion equally in all directions,.andto insure the combustion of all the explosive. The machines by which, these prisms of concentrated power are manufactured are models of compact, strong and accurate working machinery. One of them stands about eighteen feet high, and will weigh about 50,000 pounds. It occupies a floor space 4 feet 4 inches by 8 feet 4 inches, is capable of exerting a pressure of 135,000 potinds on a surface of about fifty-four square inches in area, and will make Mty-four prisms of powder a* every stroke of its pistons. The most apparent f eature of this press is its weight and strength, and its surprising characteristic is ease of movement and control. It is composed of two water cylinders and two rams, connected by four polished iron rods about four and a half inches in diameter, standing on a rectangular foundation. The cylinders and rams are at opposite ends of these rods. The rams work toward each other centrally with the rods. Between the rams are four cast iron plates six inches thick, 3 feet 2 inches by 4 feet-C in area, three of which move with the ram and one is stationary. This stationary plate is perforated with fifty- f*»r round holes, about two inches in diameter, that have been partially filled with brass bushings. Through these bushings are the six sided holes in which the powder is compressed. THE PROCESS. Working directly over this plate is a similar one attached to the ram of the upper cylinder, and guided by the four polished iron rods which fit into a half round recess at each of its corners. It is armed with six sided brass plungers, which in its descent pass into the six sided holes iq the stationary plate. Below the stationary plate is another plunger plate similar to the upper one, and below this is the needle plate. The needle plate is armed on its upper sur,- faee with fifty-four long steel needles, which extend up througk the lower plmnger plato and into the hexagon holes in the stationary plate. These needles make the round holes in the prisms of powder. The power of these presses is generated in the cylinders simply by pumping water into them and behind the rams. The cylinders are 11, 12 and 13 inches in diameter. The upper one has two com*- partments—the ram filling the lower one, and above it is a cylinder with a lifting piston by which the ram is raised after its downward stroke in compressing the powder. The lower ram is raised by pumping water under it, and-is lowered by letting the water out, which will be accomplished automatically. In operation the parts of this press are so adjusted that the plungers of the upper and lower plunger plates and the needles approach each other throng-h the movement of the rams. The holes in the stationary plate are stopped on tke lower eide by the ends of the plungers, and the needles entering through the plumgers extend up through the stationary plate. The hexagon holes are then filled with wet powder and the rams brought together, exerting a pressure of 2,500 pounds on the powder in each of the holes, compressing into a solid hexagonal prism If inches long, one inch in diameter, vri\h a hole of about f inch in diameter through it longitudinally.— Wilmington News. If you wish to hear a fly walk, you can do it without the aid of the augaphone. Having made Meeds with the fly, spread a silk handkerchief over your ear and induce the iusebt to crawl across the handkerchief. As he approaches your ear you will iistiucUy Iwax a hanjb, raep- i«g sound, made by the contact o/ the »S¥V»t'« ta*t. isiUi tVia fi1o.n\Ani« (j{ JJHc, Burt Republican. HA&tOOK* IQditof* BtJRT, IOWA, JUNE 1Q, 1891. Oats f .84 Corn ,40 Eggs 18 Butter ...... 18 Cattle.. $2 @ $6.00 Ho«s .|4.00 Wheat t .00 Barley ,.,,.. .60 Flax ....I .05 Hay.f.. 6.00 MtllT HOME NEWS. "Wedding to-night. Our town is on the boom. We heed a harness maker. The 4th of July will soon be here. . Elmer Hodgson is having his house plastered. Perry McDonald spent Sunday at Humboldt. We said that Childrens' day was next Sunday. G. B. Whitney is treating his store to a coat of paint. Our boys go to Bancroft this afternoon to play ball. Will McDonald is home from school for the summer vacation. B. A. Myers was on our streets a short time Wednesday last. Rev. Ward, of Bancroft, occupied Rev. Faus' pulpit last Sunday evening. We hope the fourth of July will be warmer than the fourth of this month. A. C. Scott, of Algona,was doing the tin work on the Mayhew hotel last week. James Stow was clerking in Geo. Marble's store during the latter's absence. The new residence of S. Nicholson is now enclosed and is being pushed to completion. The M. E. home missionary society meets next week Tuesday with Mrs. Pox, of Buffalo Forks.. Fruit canning season is almost here and cheap sugar will be appreciated more than ever before. A new fence graces the front of the Easterly and McCormack lots. It was put up by Henry Smith. Carpenters are busy at work on the house at the creamerj that is to be occupied by Fred Wilcox. ' Geo. E. Marble and wife arrived home Monday evening after .spending a week or so in Hampton, Iowa. Personals, local news and announcements are solicited and cheerfully accepted by the editor of this department. All pay locals for this department may be handed to the editor which will insure their publication in the following issue. Mrs. F. J. Hennings, of Cedar Rapids, and her daughter, Mrs. A. K. Jeffries, are expected to visit her son John Hennings the first of the week. Frank Ring, of Winnebago, been in town the past few days visiting his school chum, Will McDonald. He is also doing business selling trees. Jake Freeh, Willis Tallman, George Woodwortb. Jr. and Dell Barslou came down from Bancroft Saturday afternoon to witness the game of ball. Tom Henderson was up from Algona Friday to see about moving Mr. Marble's store back, and also about bracing up the store of Nicholson & Buell. S. J. O'Neill has been enjoying a visit from bis father, of Black Hawk county, and a cousin from Brooklyn, N. Y. They returned to Black Hawk county on Thursdc\y. The base ball nine of the "sec. 8" neighborhood, or rather from the country thereabouts, came over Saturday afternoon to play with our home nine. The Burt boys won the game. J. G. McDpugal, representing the New York Life Insurance Company bas.been in our city for the past few days writing insurance. Mr. McDougal is a cousin to Mrs. Mayliew. Our new millinery and dressmaking firm are already doing a prosperous business and have work ahead for several weeks. We told you so; every new enterprise in town is doing a paying business. At Clark Coffin's, to-day, occurs the marriage of their daughter Carrie Coffin to Fred Wilcox. The ceremony will be performed at 8 p. m. The contracting parties are ao well known in this vicinity as to scarcely need mention. Miss Coffin is the daughter of Clark Coffin, one of the oldest and prosperous farmers of Kossuth county, and is a lady with many accomplishments. Mr. Wilcox has been in the employ of the Farmers' Co-oprative creamery here for some time and is a master workman,a good hearted, jovial fellow. Teachers' Department. S^eommunicatious for this Department are earnestly solicited from the teachers. Seneca, Blverdale, Union, Bamsay, Portland, German, and Wesley townships have not yet reported the spring terms of school. Section 1757 of the loWa school laws makes it mandatory upon the sub-director to file a copy of the teacher's contract with the secretary of his township before the teacher enters upon the discharge of his duties. The secretaries cannot make their report to us until these contracts are filed. Now we must have these reports. We can wait for them no longer. Ibis is the last call, and we hope every sub-director will be kind enough to send his contract to the to the secretary before the end of the week. BERTHA County Supt. $1,000 Can be made in 6 months eelluig Tuulsow 1 * AOa»- e», Clwwts and W»ll free. B. DR, Mc'CCmMACK. Physician & Surgeon. BURT, -IOWA. Dispenses Medicines. J. B, CORK, Eeal Estate Agt. BUBT, IOWA. Good farms for sale. BENEDICT & ALLEN, Millinery & Dressmaking, BtT&T, IOWA. A Rood assortment of the latest styles in millinery .goods always on hand. $2.50 Shoe. special attention to our Ladies' 1 .— Shoes. They are equal to many T - S 5 oe »2 < ? w on the mark et. Also a good one for $2.25. Our mens' $3 shoes can't be beat anywhere., A good Plow Shoe tor $1.25. Come in and see us; we will save you money. Cady & Haliock, Leading Grocers. Burt has a Furniture Store. Buy your furniture of W. M. Cook. good stock and reasonable prices, NMOLSON & BDELL Sells Groceries and General Merchandise at BED ROCK prices. i — GKEO. E. MARBLE Still runs a- AT BURT. . Fresh Groceries always 011 hand and a good assortment of General Merchandise. 10 BUD? If so come and see me and get prices ° B SHELF and HEAVY HARDWARE Tinware, f oofleware, Sto?es Etc, j ^ BURT, G. B. WHITNEY, STOP -AT THE— BDBT HOTEL! M. L, MAYHEW, Proprietor, Good Accommodations. Livery and Feed Stable in connection with hotel. The Burt Meat Market, ELVIDCE BROS, Props. i qi Fresh and Cured Meats Al-| ways on Hand. CASH PAID FOB HIDES?] WANTED! AN ACTIVE, eiw getio man to manage an office. Must have from $300 to $500 Cask. Salary $90permontk and interest in the business. Only those meaning businessneed apply.

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