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TP J—i TV/P • JML ALGONA, IOWA, JUNE 3,1891. The Scientific Aspect ot Drunkenness. Toledo Elude: All intoxicants consist of water, a number of other substances dissolved in it, and alcohol. Every per son knows that the latter is the only thing that causes men to drink any kind of liquor. A quart of Maderia wine, for in stance, consists of two pound and it little over four ounces of water; two ounces of gummy and turtareous matter: a little over two ounces of an oily, resinous matter; and two ounces and over of alcohol. Take out the alcohol, and the remainder of the Maderia wine is a nauseous mess, which no one would think of drinking. Take the alcohol out of beer, and it is a sour slop, which no sane mam would dream of taking into his mouth. Whisky consists of nearly equal parts of water and impure alcohol, the latter containing fusel oil and some essential oils derived from the grain, which give it flavor. It is the alcohol which produces intoxication, if imbibed in sufficient quantity. There is nothing else in any intoxicant which would commend it to the palate of any man. Now, tl)e scientific verdict as to alcohol is that it is apoison, no more, no less; and we propose in this article to show the manner in which it acts upon the human system. Alcohol, as a poison, acts upon the nerve centers. Its effects in the opening stages are modified in various ways by the temperament of the individ ual. Its action is generally at first to fill the person with a serene and perfect self complacency. His feelines and faculties are rendered more intense from the stimulation of the nerves by the poison. With most persons, this is shown by in crease vivacity of language, and a tendency to talk much more than is usual. As intoxication progresses, the senses gradually become hazy, a soft humming seems to fill the pauses in the converse lion, a filmy haze obscures the vision, the victim finds it difficult to preserve his equilibrium; next, objects appear double, or flit confusedly before the eyes; the drunkard becomes boisterous, ridiculous; articulatiou becomes difficult, and he fi nially falls to the ground insensible— that is, he is ' dead drunk." From this state, after a period of deep slumber, he awakes exhausted, feverish, sick and giddy, with throbbing head, ringing ears and bloodshot eyes. The poison first affects the lobes of tue brain, and the other nerve centers of the cerebro spinal system are successively brought under the influence of the poi son until, in the state commonly known as "dead drunk," the only nerve centers that are not paralyzed are those which are known &s the automatic centers, which regulate and keep up respiration and the circulation. Enough alcohol can be tataen, however, to paralyze these, in which case the deep sleep of drunkenness becomes a stupor, and then passes into death. There is a parallel between apoplexy and intoxication. To be drunk is simply to be apoplectic. Such is the action of alcohol upon the nervous system; and its action upon the other parts of the body are no less injurious. When an alcoholic drink is taken into the stomach, the alcohol is rapidly absorbed through the coats of that organ, and passes directly into the circulation. Experiments have been tried, in which wine was administered In cnp«til'38, so that not one particle touche I the interior of the mouth or throat; yet in two or three minutes, the odor of alcohol was noted on the breath, showing that in that short time it had been absor bed, passing into the blood, and was being expelled by the lungs. Getting inio the circulation, it is carried with the blood to every part of the ays tern. That which goes to the brain, produces successively the symptoms enumerated above; that carried to the lungs begins to be expelled with the expired breath of these organs. The blood, load ed with alcohol, in passing through the liver, sets up an irritation which frequently causes an incurable disease to that very important organ—cirrhosis of the liver, better knowa as "hobnail liver;" the kidneys are stimulated and irritated, and long indulgence in the drinking habit leads to incurable disorders; the skin is also affected, and does its part in expelling the alcohol from the system. In point of fact all the excretory organs set at work as soon as the alcohol gets into the system, in the endeavor to rid the body of the poison. The liver, kidneys, lungs and skin are all over stimulated in this effort. We hope we have made it clear in this brief resume of the action of alcohol, that it is absolutely and entirely a poison. It is in no sense a food. It injures the brain the nerves, over excites the heart, irritates the stomach, liver and kidneys; never does any good, but always harm. There is no reason against and every reason for putting its sale and use under the same restrictions and precautions as the sale of any other poison. Why, then, is this not done? Simply because there is too much mocey in the business of selling Rum. It is the gain that comes to those whose occupation it is to manufacture and sell it, that has thrown together for mutual protection all these people. They use their influence, and wealth, and the power they have over the besotted victims of drink, to prevent as far as possible any interference by the state with their debasing and soul de stroying occupation. There is a vast amount of ignorance among the people as to the real nature of alcohol. It is the fewer number of our people, even at this date, who are con vinced that alcohol is a poison; and this ignorance of the masses is one of the bulwarks of the traffic. We need more education, especially in the family, in the Real Estate Deals* church, and in the common, schools, as to the real nature and effects of this potent poison. By so doing we may rear a generation who will be'enlightened and inteligent enough to put into motion the strong arm of the law and effectually pul verize the rum power. Following are the real estate deals for the week ending May 26th, 1891. Win H Adnmsoi) and w to Leonard Biitterson ne fr 1-04-30. -..;••Frank H Arnold and w.to George wells, w ht ye crag-09-27. Jacob Urlnkerhoff and w to Wm. Oui'reus, se qr t-94-27. , Mafia Btlleter to Hesirlcn Hosier ne qrseqr 29-95-28. Beiij. K. Bettls and w to M. L, Clarke, se qr ne qr 26-95-28. C O Ballett and w et til to MathlasFreellngel 1 , ne qr 22-08-30. C Byson and w to Myron Schenck, sw qr nw qr 24-90-29. M L Clarke and w to Edward Hammer, se qr ne qr 20-95-28. Win uurretiB to Jacob BrlnkerhoR and W se qr 1 04-27. James Oallaiian and w et al to John Hlme- Hck, se qr mv qr 20-99-27 J it Cnghtou and w to F F Smith, ne qr 28100-29. Henry 8 Carter to Marlon 8 Carter, w hi ne qr 31-90-27. 0 F Couch et at to Mathuvs FreilniKer ne qr 22-98-30. 0 M & St P By 0<> to Nels Nelson s hf sw qr 1599-28. Oeo W Chamberlain and w to Win Lockridge and John Hopkins nw qr 28-97-27. .1 G Eilwiivels to Frank NeelUigs se qi 6-99-27. A nunst Geoniann and w to Jacob Uoenuum ae qrseqr.11-99-27. J 11 Grliteth and w to E 8 Ellsworth and L E Jones e lif sw qr 31-99-27. Mynclret Gardner and wife and Ann and R M mid w et al to Kelly M Gardner e lif of ne qr w lit of ne qr and s lit of nw qr 19-96-28, also lot 2 of sw qr of nw xr 20-96-28. John Himelick and w to Albert W Moffutt ne qr and s lif of u w or 20-99-27. tiein-y and Susana*Uesler et al to E S Ellsworth and L E ./one* ne qr se qr 29-93-30. Appleton U Helper arid w to A 0 Smith n fr hf of Sec 2 ne qr of sw 4 sec 4 all In 97-27. e hf of ne qr and sw qr of ne qr see 8. w hf of lie qr and su 4 of ne qr and s lit of uw qr sec 24 and e hf of ne qr ana sw qr of ne qr of sw qr and nw qr sw qr sec 28, u hf sw qr and sw qr sec 32 all in 95-27. Win Larrabee to George J Metli s hf 12-100-30. Edward D. Maudell and w to Arthur Ward n hf nw qr 8-96-27. A A Martin to Airs Fanny Upliam n hf sw qr 19-98-29. Win u Mendall and w to .1 H Orelgbton ne qr 28-100-29. Edward MiindHl to F E Smith sw qr 9-96-27. G W Pangburn and w to Bert Wood w lif nw qr3l-ino-27. Ida A Remington and li et al to'Kelly M Gar- dnerw hf'ne qr, w lif ne qr and s hf uvv qr 1990 28 lot 2 of sw nr nw qr 20-93-28. F E Smith to U. W, Pangbimi mid hf of w hf ii w qr23-100-2a. James u Savery et al to John Himelick se qr I1W qr 20-9U-27. Sadie Slirlner to John Hiuuui ne qr 21-90-29. •Mrs A Salisbury to D li Hutchins s hf uw qr 1596-29. A 0 Smith and w to J B Jones w hf nw fr qr ana sw fr qr 19-100-29, n fr h sec 2 ami lie qr sw qi-sec 4 all in 97-27. e hf ne qr and swqrofne qr sec 8, w hf ne qr se qr of ne qr and s hf ne qr sec 24, e hf ne qr sw (jr ne qr and e hi sw qr anil nw qr aw qrsec 28, n hf sw quarter andsw qr sw qr of sw qr sec 32 all in 95-27. F. E. Smith to Oonrad Falk sw qr 9-90-27. James Thompson and M; ry A et alto E S Ellsworth and L, K Jones lie qr se qr 2!)-«9-30. Treasurer of Kossnth Co to V U Slough n hf ne qr 20-95-29. Myrtle'D Wilkinson and John J Wilkinson to Charles Feckenscher n hf nw qr sec 27, and s hf sw qr sec 22 all in 98-28. Gastav Wiilthului and wlte to August a Wliitliulm ne qr 18-100-27. O A linen and w to Hardy O Buell. In Hurt, und hf of lots 1,2 15,16 17,18, 19 20 blk 4, and I, 2, S, 4,5, G, 7, 8, ii, 10. U, M, 14, 15, Hi, I'J blk(i Hlld 19, 20,21,22, 23, 24, blk 5 and 1, 2, 3, 4 and 6 ill blk 3. A F, J if, G C and N V Call exr et al to James Young in Call's 3d ad to Algona, la. w hf lots 1,2 and 3 blk 6, ' L L, Fisher and w to Jane R Ghapln, Algona lots 2 and 3 blk 4. Win U luKhani and w ct ill to Mason Lea -h Whittemore village lot 2 blk 3. w H liiuluim and w et al to Louise Williams in Whittemo e village lot 12 uik3. Mary Perkins exr et al to James Young In Cull's 3rd add t>> Algona w lit lot 1 and all of lots 2 and 3 blk 6. L. H Smith and w et al to Louisa Williams in Whtttemoie lot 13 blk o. Sarah Stella Spencer exr et al to James Young In Call's 3rd add to Algona w hi lot 1 and all of lots 2 and 3 blk U. 10 iOO-Biisiiiess. U too -Panel's— Dr, Bm-rand Rev. F. M, Smith. Subject— To What extent should children, by tlH'lr vote, decide mutters oMmportanco In the Sunday School? Kaoh paper limited to 15 minutes. u :do-Weuemt discussion. , 2 :00 Pevotlobal Exercises, led by Rev. Pans. 2 :3o-How to get the children Into the Sunday School— Kev. P. H. Elghmy. How to retain the yonne people lu the Sunday school— Kev. A. Elfstrom. Each paper limited to 20 minutes. General discussion of these subjects. 3 :30— How to interest tile young people In Sunday Scho'ol sinizlng— Speeches not exceeding 10 mlnultes each, led by Benj. Reed.' PBtDAY EVRjm,Q. 7 :30— Song service. Instrumental Mualc— S. Nicholson. Papers— Are country Sunday Schools a success?— Mrs. E. B. Eddy and Dr, L. A. Howe Address— Relation of the Pastor to the Sunday School— Capt. R, E. Jeanson, Rev. W. E. Davidson. • . Music. Closing Prayer. New Books Received. The Algona reading Boom Association are pleased to acknowledge a donation of the following named books, from Senator Allison, made through th'e kind suggestion of Dr. McCoy in a recent interview with the Senator in Dubuque. Report of Director of u. S. Geological Survey, 2 volumes. ' Smithsonian Report of 1888. Smithsonian Report U. S. Natlcr..a< Museum 1888. Address In commemoration of Inauguration of George Washington as First President ot the U. S., delivered before the two houses of Congress Dec. 11, IS89, by Chief Justice Fuller. Memorial Address ou Life and Character of Wm. T. I'ricp. Memorial Address on Life and Character of Vice-President TUos. A. Hendricks. Official Congressional Directory Fifty-first Congress. Report of Chairman of Inter-State Commerce Memorial Address OH Life and Character of Wm. Kelly. Teachers' Department. ^^Communications for this Department are earnestly solicited frotp the teachers. A WORD. The REPUBLICAN apologizes for the cramped and crowded appearance of this weeks issue, and promises its readers a better looking paper in the future with none of the old departments cut down or in any way slighted. Space has been away above par with us this week and our editorial columns and home local page have had to suffer. Apologizing for this issue we promise our Algona readers as newsy a local page as ever in the future. Sunday School Convention. The Kossuth County Sunday School convention will be held at Bancroft, begining the evening of Thursday, June llth and continuing during the following day. Following is the program: THURSDAY EVENING, JUNK 11. 7 :30—Opening Exercises, conducted by the President. Music. Address of Welcome—A. J, Berrymau- Response—The President. Address—Why are we here?—Win. Whit- Held. Music. Prayer FlUOAV MOKMXO. JUNE 12. 9 -.30— Devotional Exercises, led by J. U. furr. COUNTY UNIFORMITY. The text book question is assuming important proportions and in order to avoid a large, extra and unnecessary expense we must do something soon. Agents of various companies are continually passing into the county, and some of them are securing the adoption of their publications. This fact promises to be disastrous in the future. It seems to me from the best standpoint I can obtain, that county uniformity is the best and almost the only solution of the knotty problem, and the sooner it is secured the better for us. Let us see, under the present condition of things the boards of directors are authorized to purchase books to be sold to pupils without extra expense than the wholesale contract price demands, that is, a book that the publishers ask one dollar for is to be transported and sold to the pupils for one dollar, the cost of transportation must be paid in some other way than by the pupils. This is a very fair law, if it is not abused, but to make it most effective we must all work to-gether and should have the same books so that a family may move from one district to another and not be obliged to purchase a new set of books nor the children to have to become accustomed to new ways of studying the same subjects. We need county uniformity, and as soon as *we can get it. I think most teachers will-agree, but I want some one to venture an opinion as I have done, whether it agrees with mine or not. Let us see all there is in the subject. 0. B. PAUL, l j rin. Whittemore schools.