The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on May 27, 1891 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, May 27, 1891
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anb Stock tjarfc. JAMK8 WILSON, Editor. fld«a« are solicited from our farmer readers. QueHe* will be answered. Address to the Editor, Tames Wls»n, Traer, Iowa.] Henry 0. Wallace has Invented a cheap machine for cutting two rows of corn by a horse dragging It between the rows. Two in en catch It and shock it. The now agricultural course at the .Agricultural college has been made very strong . Six professors teach exclusively In it, besides the scientific and literary professors. Hogs root for grubs. Let them root in the pasture or the grubs may become too numerous. Don't put rings in their noses. They never root for fuu or mia* chief cither, the rooting. A little clos'er seed will cure Dairy commissioner Tupper will not tolerate bogus butter in the State. 1I» has been fining transgressors through the courts lately. There is a healthy, hearty prairie breeze about the commissioner that will not tolerate crooked work. More power to him. The proposition that feed does not effect the quality of milk suggests to herdsmen the economy oC feeding the cheapest feeds they have. It is a fallacy. Cows in the early periods of lactation respond very promptly to feed. Fine milkers respond rapidly. Sky milkers and strippers do not change much. The new experimental dairy at Ames will now be built. It will cost $10,000, have all the new appliances and investigate in all directions for the benefit of students in the college course, and in the winter school of dairying. The professors of agriculture, horticulture, agricultural chemistry, dairying, veterinarian science and others will teach in the long and short courses. Some localities in Iowa do not have road graders ahd have not so good roads us those localities that do. The grader guts the road into good shape, and that is a very important point gained. "\Vo car uot find gravel for one mile of road in ;„ township in many parts of the State, nor stone, nor anything but the prairie soil. That makes fine roads most of the time, if put in good shape. bat most of Iowa btittw is mad« from cota trith no balancing about it. It ia well to le&rn the Vfcltw of all feeds fot various purposes, but high prices tele- gate feeds to the domain of impossibility, then wo can use the cheapest at hand. Prof. Sanborn, of Utah, clears thi> atmosphere on this subject by very radical attacks on the theory of compounding rations for our stock on the German plan. Cows test from 2.3 per cent, of fate to 7.5 in a herd wo work with, and vary every week. One cow in our charge gives o per cent, milk, another 3.5 per cent. Which is most profitable? The 5 per cent, cow gives seven pounds of milk. Tho 3.5 percent, cow gives 74 pounds. So you see. the profit of a cow depends on more than the per cent, of butter fats. We observe that previous feeding has much to do with milch cows. The Holstien is a fine feeder, a kindly animal, roared on heavy pastures and fed on vegetables to quite an extent. The How of -milk is often heavy and of low per cent, quality. We believe our grain feeding will change this, and that the disposition to feed well found so generally in this breed will tell on the future cows. The Iowa cow of the future will be evolved from what we have and Iowa conditions will operate in the process. It would be interesting to know how much Iowa is losing by not having all the manure heaps in the corn fields,. and how much more the State is losing by permitting the liquid manures to go to waste, and how much is lost by xincom- postod straw stacks. Our people have a lively appreciation of, the loss from lot- ting the cornstalks go to waste last fall. We have much slack to take up in these directions. Iowa farming will pay if we watch the corners. Our soil has been yielding so abundantly that we could waste, and we have wasted. We have in every neighborhood first rate farmers who save the pieces and who make money. Rates of interest go down, because Iowa farmers of the careful class save money. This is one side of economic farming. Waste takes place also, whore extravagance in dressing or living or traveling is indulged in. Great waste goes on where poor stock gra/e fine pas- turns, or where good stock have not grass, The summer care of hogs is not perfect without a cool shade, and plenty of good water, and abundant grass. Many a£- vanced farmers have wallows built so that the water will How over a trough ii. which the hogs bathe, instead of the usual mud bath. Many fat hogs suffer foi want of these conveniencics, and if they are present so that hogs can graze in the evening and morning and be cool during the day thrift is not interfered with. Where hard pan or impervious subsoil is near the surf ace.drain tiles must be laid much closer, and It docs no more good to sink the tiles in the hard pan soil than to lay them ou the top of it. Iowa has many localities where this soil is too near the surface for the best farming purposes. But draining must bo done ou such soils as it holds water absolutely, and the surface or spring waters must seep along the top of it. Use all means possible to keep your hog stock isolated from other hogs, from dogs, crows, strangers and all outside influences that would bring the cholera germ among thorn. Depend upon it that prevention beats cure in this disease. Settle down upon it that hog cholera is just 'like small pox, and if it is not taken to your hogs they will not have it. Of course, there are diseases not so fatal us tills germ disease that treatment will alleviate', but tlie genuine cholera ravages irrespective of conditions. Conditions with regard to beef cattle are just what was to be expected from the past. Prices are high and will be so for some time to come, that is for good finished cattle. -The cheaper sorts will come i'nini the ranges and the pastures. Here we notice th;it what is difficult to get sells highest. lOveii the lower grades of beef will sell belter than for sometime, because population grows faster than cattle increases, and besides our country is prospering in all directions, enabling people to buy and eat beef. The foreign markets are good and demand abroad heavy. The farmer who can make- first rate beef need have no fear of good, if not extra prices, for some time to come—we think for years. Drouth is threatened in many localities of Iowa again at this writing. We have learned to grow good crops with very little rainfall. Some things may as well be called up and talked about. The cows will need something green or they will shrink seriously. We must make a covering for the corn fields of mulch by thoroughly pulverizing the surface. P6 : tatoes will dry up and fail unless they are cultivated as often as corn should be —say once a week, when they will grow as certainly as well tended com. The pastures may fail. If so, take down the bars into the hay lots and seek winter feeding in the corn fields. If fodders are likely to be scarce cut the oats while two-thirds of the straw is green and it will make fine fodder. what Would it be impractical for farmers to put,up a 1 'dozen tons of ice and make a cold stowigc room to keep eggs over summer, -butter tubs over cheap times and preserve other things from decay, and chaHge ;i wit'h low .temperature? We think it would pity'aniigo far to properly balance markets.''..Farmers cannot go into trusts, biilAhe -farmer with plenty of good keoping'can hold his property when the -market iias 'a surplus of it. We know .of farmers' who never sell beef or pork below paying prices, and sometime in the year they'are sure-to '.get them. They are prepared,to hold. Marketing products must be studied as well as growing them. We let those who hold our pr6- ducts over cheap periods make profits that belong to us. Iowa climate fortifies us witli plenty of ice to hold eggs and dairy products, and by keeping good pastures and feeds ahead we can hold live animals when everybody is panic stricken. There is no trouble about getting money to hold products with. Iowa crops bring down interest every year. Now this can be. done, and is being done, but seldom by those who need money most. Marketing at the right time when markets are normal should bo as much ol a study as haying or butter making. ft dozen profits for handler?!, why, tl* squatter has a soft thing. tJCe can crop a while, supply the demand, exhaust the soil, begin on a now pleco again, get the government to irrigate again at tho expense of the rost of tho farmers of the country, supply the home mining demand that we supply now, and hurrah for the old flag and an apptopriatlon, or some sharp fellow can get wind first of a proposed scheme to irrigate and get hold of the land, make their fortunes, and do it over again, until they grow into tho semblance of timber for United States Senators. This is a great country. Different sides of this question have different advocates just now. Some say, "no, we have land enough under cultivation at present. If settlors desire to irrigate, let them, If not there Is no pressing call for other people doing it for them." Others say, "this Is a cold-blooded conclusion. Tho United States builds lovces, removes obstructions in rivers, erects light houses, <}to», why not irrigate the desert?" Let'useee. All the people of tho nation require river and harbor improvement and light houses for commerce. All the people, of the Mississippi valley need the levee below New Orleans, but nobody wants irrigation but the men who own tho land. If food were scarce and dear and the nation could not feed its people, then it might bo wise for tho gen real government to reclaim the desert, as Great Britain some years ago loaned money to the land owners to drain their lands. Our public lands havo boon brought under cultivation so rapidly that grains and meats havo sold so low as to give very poor livings to producers. Then why hasten the cultivation of the last possible aero? But the government expends money experimenting with sorghum for the semi-arid regions, Avhy not spend-money in irrigating the desert? It would be well enough for the government to determine tho practicability of irrigating, tho areas that are subject to it, whore water may bo found and to what extent. The government through its surveys does this, and there we think its jurisdiction and interfering should end. The time has come when the farmers will be considered as well as manufacturers, carriers and speculators. Powell, the government geologist, assures the country in his reports that irrigation can only be. valuable over a very limited area. If the land now under cultivation can Bancroft Department. BANCROFT, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 27, 1891. BANCKOtT. The REPUBLICAN this week signaling a new departure in the establishment of a Bancroft Department. This step has been in contemplation some time. It has been suggested by the large and growing importance of the town of Bancroft and northern Kos- stith, and suggested again by the BE- ruuLicAN'a large and growing subscription list in that quarter. The northern half of our county is developing very rapidly at the present time. It is having a genuine boom, and it will not be long before all its rich farming lauds are taken possession of by thrifty settlers. The EEPUULICAN desires to keep up with the procession- desires to measure up to, if it does not anticipate, the demands of the hour. To do this, new'and larger plans must meet the new conditions and the larger field. The REPTJIVLICAN aims to make the department a permanent feature and trusts that its friends in northern Kossuth may be pleased with it as a faithful chronicler of local events and a helpful exponent of local interests. The Editor of the Bancroft department, Mr. J. A. Freeh needs no introduction to our readers. He is a competent and efficient young man, and the fact that his name appears in connection with the department is a sufficient guarantee that the venture will be a success. The REPUBLICAN asks for Mr. Freeh the kind consideration which has always been accorded other members of its staff by the people of Bancroft. The foundation for the State Bank of Bancroft is nearly completed and the work is being pushed as fast as possible. A son of ex-governor Wm. Larrabee was in town last week. The news of Bancroft's boom is spreading all over the state. A. Furstenberg's business has increased to such an extent that he has built a large,, and neat addition to his Wigwam. When feeds are scarce buy what is cheapest for fattening with very little regard to the old ideas of balanced rations or new ideas either. Oil meal will fatten on grass if it is not too dear. It will fatten with hay with little corn. Wheat will keep up work horses and bo good for milk cows if it l» cheap enough. In fact, the price of feeft bas & controlling influence. When «A Ipe alike cheap corn and Mr. Dennison, of Mason City, lias a first-class foreman in his dairy, a college bred man. This is very suggestive. Tho professions so called arc full, and the bust openings in future for well educated men will be in the. industries. The best educated men attack unsolved problems on the farm with most success. There ia a lively demand for men in the industries who have studied them. The rule of thumb goes so far and stops short foi good. No farther progress is made without study of all the. factors entering into industrial problems. But Mr. Dennison proposes to send Ids foreman to the dairy school at Ames so that he can learn what Prof. Patrick can teach about milk that is not known to commercial dairymen. This would suggest the wisdom of farmers' sons educating in directions where demand will be wide for their services. It will get into the heads of our people, bye and bye, that improvement on the farm will only come from the better education of our farmers, come how it will. "What the commercial dairyman needs in his line is needed in all the departments of the farm. We have a host of students among our farmers who are working out better and more economic methods. Every farm must be a school to reach thu best results. IRRIGATION. irrigation is a leading topic of discussion in the farming world. The ready cropping lands that can be taken up, robbed and sold, or abandoned, are exhausted. The deserts west of the Missouri have good lauds and plenty of heat, but little moisture. Iowa has thirty-five to forty inches of rainfall a year, the; desert from ten to twenty-five. The government owns the desert lands. They are almost utterly valueless, except that twenty acres will make 200 pounds of low-priced beef in a year. There is speculation in them, however. It costs about $10, more or less, to irrigate an acre. Now if the government can be induced to do this work, the proceeds from an acre, out there where food h« to bo shipped In, ««d is wortfc the cost of production not sustain population without tho. interference of the federal • authorities, what will become of future generations? Plainly speaking, the whole scheme is an effort of speculators to make money through government interference. Lot tho United States see to tho free and fair movement of our products abroad where they are good, and producers now at work will supply all demands for food, without speculative meddlings. QUESTIONS ANSWERED. >'£' W1IKA.T KAISIXG IX IOWA. CKDAH KAVIDS, Iowa, May 5.—Please state your opinions on wheat raising by Iowa farmers. The -writer was impressed while passing through McDonald's magnificent flouring nulls, at Oxford Mills, Iowa, that by raising more wheat Iowa fanners could advantageously encourage one of Iowa's most important industries. C. L. CLEM ASH. Winter wheats came through in fairly good condition in central Iowa.' There is no reason why the State can not raise wheat, and the principal reason that it does not is that it does not pay. When the soil robbers have skimmed tho IICAV lands a little longer and population increases a little more we look for wheats to sell higher. Then Iowa farmers will grow both spring and winter wheat. They will be grown on land in systems of rotation. Once in five years on any given piece of land. Failures will happen from unfavorable winters. We. must experiment with difleivnt kinds of wheats and learn which will answer best. Nothing but low prices have stopped tho growing of wheat in li.v/a. Farmers who fanned in rot-iTori got go: d crops. They also < hanged seed I'mju. ntly. Tlv knowledge of vj.ri ', Vs has been lost by our people to il !.'iv;l i-.xlelit. All this caii. and v. ben il | : ys lo sow wheat, will be .M <|iiiivd again. The time lo sow fall TALES OF THE TOWN. Willis Hallock was in town Saturday. Welcome rain; but let's have more of it. Miss Alice Farvour spent Sunday in Bancroft. The Bible reading Sunday evening at the Baptist church, conducted by J. W. Case, is attended by a large number of young people. The proprietor of the Farmer's Home thinks he will make improvements, on account of not having room for his increasing custom. Deputy Sheriff Holloway, who has been suffering from a gathering in the head, is improving, but at one time he was not expected to live. Henry Merrifleld has two nephews visiting him. They are both from Massachusetts, are favorably impressed and think they will remain permanently. J. E. Paul is getting the lumber in place west, of the track for his new lumber yard. This is another, one of Bancroft's this year's improvements. The many friends of Otis Lake, formerly of this place, will be glad to learn that he has returned from Montana to Fairmont.Where his father now resides. J. A. Winkel was in Algona Saturday and when he came back ex-depot agent Clarke was with him. Clarke will remain in town a few days visiting. Captain Jeanson took a very nice four-seated vehicle home with him on Monday. This looks as though the Captain intended to'take his family with him hereafter. Henry and Charles Elvidge have bought the Burt butcher shbp of their brother William, who will move back on his farm near Bancroft. They all come back to the- city. Quite a number of people from town went to Buffalo township to attend the funeral of Mrs. M. Bartlett. She was South Bancroft hag had a boom thl*. spring. Among the structures erected are W. M. ttichie's house and barfl, fit. W. llobus' house, Joe Cameron's hOtiSfl*, Fred R. Anderson's house and large- barn. F. W. Drake's house, Dr, Cutler's large residence and barn, A. Fur* • stenberg's house and barn, T. M, Oa*. trander's barn, Will Eichardson'8•'» house and barn, and now Mr. Gobdy is- hauling lumber to build a new residence near the railroad track. We will; have 800 inhabitants in one year from i date. Our marksmen Sundstrom and Stein berg, made a good record at the big shoot held at Des Moines a few days ago! Following is a list of the shoots • in which they took money: In shoot No: 2 Sundstrom tied for second money. He also tied for second place in No. 4, and for third in Nos. 8 and 4. In special shoots 1, 2,3, 4, he took money every time. In extra shoot 6 he tied for first place with four others. In reg- • ular shoot No. 6 he tied with five others for first money. In shoot 7 he stood second, and also in 8. On account of not having a full copy of all the shoots we cannot give Mr. Steinberg's standing, for which we are sorry, as he did well. For the annual tournament Iowa State • Firemen's Association, tne C. M. & St. P. K'y. will sell, from June 8th to 12th inclusive, excursion tickets at one lowest • short line fare for the round trip. Very popular, very small, very good. DeWitt's Little Early Risers, the pill for constipation, billiousncss, sick headache. Sold by Dr. Sheetz. Half Kates to Cedar Rnplds. For the annual tournament of the Iowa State Firemen's Association at Cedar Rapids, June, 6th to 12th, the-Chicago & North-Western Railway Co. will sell excursion tickets to Cedar Rapids and return at half rates—one fare for the round' trip. For full information" regarding- dates of sale, limits of ticket, etc., apply to agents C. & N.-W. R'y. 34-85- It is quite the fashion now to take DeWitt's Little Early Risers for liver, stomach and bowel disorders. They are small' pills but mighty good ones. At Sheetz'. Some talk of celebrating Decoration day in this burg. Judge Cook was on our streets last week on business. Let's celebrate the glorious Fourth. Somebody call a meeting. The Knights of Pythias hold their lodge in the masonic hall. The Good Templar medal contest is nearly ready to take place. J. W. Ilinchon, of the Courier, was looking over our town Saturday. The Catholics had a large congregation Sunday in spite of the weather. Quite a large party of our young people are talking of a trip to the lakes. Lon Whitehall's family moved into their capacious new dwelling last week. Adda Davison was down from her Hebron township school to remain over Sunday. Peter II. Burt, of Armstrong, visited with relatives and friends in town on Sunday. The board of directors of the independent district had a meeting Saturday night. The Good Templars have a lodge social this evening. It is free to members of the lodge. Anderson has opened his soda fountain and is dispensing the beverage to the thirsty traveler. Miss Emma Smith a highly respected lady and the attendance at the funeral was large. T. M. OSTRANDEE, Veterinary * Surgeon Bancroft, Iowa. Has his barn ready for the sick and lame horses, so bring them along. Charges reasonable. G. W. Skinner says that E.F.Clarke's dog acted queer or rather as though it had a fit, last Sunday, and fearing that it might go mad he immediately shot it, which was a veiy wise move. The Phoenix iiouse has had a new porch, awning, steps, sidewalk, and some paint put on, and on the first day of June it will be conducted by Oscar Pierson, of Swea, who will keep a first- class hotel. It is commonly reported that the Ledyard steam plow breaks 30 acres per day and it seems reasonable as it runs nine 16-inch plows. Quite a number of Bancroft people have driven up to see it work. C. R. Morehouse and wife left on the noon train yesterday for Brooklyn-, N. Y. They will be absent about a month. During his absence the new clerk from Fort Dodge, Mr. Jones, will have charge of the State Bank. Bancroft is taking on airs as a convention city. We have a County Sunday School convention in June, an I. O. G. T. district lodge in September and a Baptist Associational meeting in July. Bancroft welcomes everybody. Eev. A. G. Ward returned from a visit to the eastern states last Saturday. He reports a good time and says he To and for the People. Do you want a good, square meal? Do you want afood, reliable insurance?' Do you want to rent a farm or grassland? Do you want to trade or sell your farm or other property? Do you want to buy a farm or unimproved land on long time with but little- or no cash payment? Do you want to make a loan on your farm at the lowest current rate of interest and favorable terms? Do you want anything in a legitimate line of banking? For any and all of the above, please consult R. M. Iticlimoiid at the Commercial Hotel and Farmers' and Traders^ Bank Block, Bancroft, Iowa. DOWN. All kinds of Dried Fruits at the Burt Cash Store have taken a tumble. Eggs wanted at 12c per doz. DOWN. was down from wh.- t \\iih <• i.fi \vee ill snri mu.^t be Jtudird. Much is sown We S"<> no benefit from sowing • ts, and some haim. The oats act Is during their growth, and we see ig the poorest stand of wheat when' the oats grew thickest. Wo also observe that wheats sown in early Sep- lember came out of winter in better shape than when sown in late September. It will be wise to sow in corn stalks, on clover sod and other places to determine results. Many Iowa farmers havo good results from Turkish wheat and some others. When wheat crops are desirable and will pay tho right wheats will be found, and the State will grow again extensively. LIFE OF THE CLOVEK PLANT. WINTHBOP, Iowa, April 13.—What is the life of the common medium clover plant? I contend its life is just two years. A neighbor contends it lives on indefinitely. I think the way our meadows are kept in clover is that seed falls back on the ground. He thinks different. What is the life of the Mammoth clover plant? MYIION M. JKXKINS. Wo have annuals like crimson clover, bi-eimials like common rod clover and perennials like white clover. This we think is tho case, but there is some dispute about two years being the limit of life of common medium red clover uad others. Red clover will live in a blue grass pasture and some say tho stalk lives longer than two years. Botanists say not. We think where red clover lives longer than two years, the new growth comes fr< in re-seeding. We can speak defl«... ./ about this two ye«s from now, e dispute. her school in Swea to spend the Sabbath with her parents. County Attorney Joslyn and Representative Lund were on our streets several days last week. Mrs. I. J. Bruer returned last week from a two week's visit with friends and relatives in Poleana. Will Bancroft send delegates to the county temperance meeting at Algona? Answer, Good Templars. G. W. Sweet says he is going to build a residence in Bancroft in the near future. And still they build. Has Austin will begin his new house north of R. E. Davison's, this week. Tally another improvement. Mrs. S. P. Hartshorn, of this place, is visiting with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Parker, in Algona. Everybody seems to be building sidewalks and the street commissioner is kept busy putting in crossings. G. V. Davis' house is nearly completed and soon Mr. Davis will live in one of the neatest residences in town. Rev. L. A. Cummins will preach a memorial sermon next Sunday morning at half past ten, in the Baptist church. Geo. Holloway has a fine new woven picket fence around his premises, improving the looks of things materially. Mrs. E. E. McGinnis is running a private boarding house in the old club room and is meeting with a large custom. The LuVerne News makes an attack on Bancroft's ca»did$# for sheriff. was just in time to be at commencement exercises of the theological department of Northwestern University at Chicago on his return trip. A foreign horse doctor was advertising himself on our streets last Friday night by a prolonged debate with Jack Meinbercr on the subject of cribbing horses. He used the middle of the street for his rostrum, and by the size of the crowd we would judge it was very entertaining. Cause, lemon extract. O. E. Austin returned to Fairmont last Monday, because the birds were so few that it did pot pay to run a freezer. Plover, snipe and prairie pigeons have been exceptionally scarce this year and if they were as scarce elsewhere the New Yorkers and Bostonians will have to go without their "quail on toast," here known as plover. A number of Algona cyclers, including J. W. Hays, Dr. Morse, Forest Stough and Bert Edmunds, were here last Friday. They came up on the passenger and on the return trip tried to see who could make the best time, and we have since learned that Bert Edmunds won, having traveled from Bancroft to Algona in one hour and nine minutes on a safety bicycle. Why couldn't Bancroft have a free RILEY & YOUNG'S Combination SLAT and WIRE FENCE, It is a fence for open countries, for it cannot be blown down. It Is the fence for low lands, for it cannot be washed away. It destroys no ground whatever, and if beauty be considered au advantage, it is the neatest aud handsomest farm fence in the world. In short, it combines the good qualities of aH fences in an eminent degree, and as soon as introduced will become the popular fence of the country. It is be»utl» ful and durable. It is strong aud will increase the price of your farm far more than any othe? ;e. It will last much longer than any other fence. It is a great addition, occupies fence. reading room? With the large city library lying almost idle, and with a little time and money spent, we could have a place where a young person who had nothing else to do could spend the evening pleasantly and profitably* thereby confer a blessing ground, excludes less sunshine, has no superior as a fence. It is stronger than any. other fence and will turn any stock no matter how breachy. it is plainly visible and la not dan* serous to stock like barb wire. The best horse feuce in the world. It will protect all crops from a half growu chicken to a wild ox. It 18 the moat uniform, aud uy comparison of cost much the cheapest. Kept for sale iu all parts of Kossuth county. Made Dy Itlley & young, Algona, lowa. F. L PARISH. V Harkre ani Tin Slog,.; S PECIAL ATTENTION will be glveutoajl kinds of repairing, including Tinware, Oa&i pliue Stoves, Guns, Funiqs aud Clothes wr era. Am ajso prepared to put i " ^9 PtoBbtag. do a vast amount of good for, tb.e tetyl

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