The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on April 15, 1891 · Page 7
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, April 15, 1891
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MAJOfi M'KINLEY the Work Accomplished by the Fiffcy-flrat Congress. of 1.1m ciminpton of Protection Before the Tlppooanoo Club at Cleveland, O., Ktnrch 31—A Congress with Convictions and n Courage to Enforce m.Tho Mn. pRfcstDTStn 1 ANII (JBNTI,HMT!N OF rnn "TiPPK<:ANnj.; fJMjn —I c-innot forbear, befora •responding to tho t^ast atfi'KHBd to mo, to ox- •pross my KriUltudn for tho honor whloh comes to my this wn'n-rw t\in gun<f, of th.; Tippo•canon clu'j. lam <;ceply sensible ot this distinction n.nrt sha.l long choi'iNh your expression jot conflclcMCO and regard. I thunk you also for iyour raort; cordliil welcome nnd recuptton, and •beg you will believe that to m«, after many years of public service and now relieved of its cares, your warm greeting is most gratefully appreciated, nnd, in so far us it may bo Interpreted In any sunso as an approval of my public record, 11, lias added value, and, Rontlomen, I give you all that I havo—my thanks and gratitude. To me you have assigned the Fifty-first con- igrea* for brief review. If I was to summarize It In u sl;H<l<! sentence. I should characterise It «s a oongroHs with convictions and a courage to enforce tlvjin. A do something and not n do nothing con jross. It was in session for a longer period thun any congress from the beginning of the government with a single exception. It assembled In Dewomber, 1880, with a good working majority oF republicans in the samite and a bare majority of ropuhltcans in the house. The Ural street act, in the house was tho election of a speaker, or. to be more accurate in statement, thj first in'.t was the election of a groat speaker. 'In that wo tnade no mistake (as I am sure you ••will all agree) In the selection ot the Hon. •Thomas 13. Heed, of Maine, to preside over Its fleltberiitlons. Firm and fearless, able and brilliant, history will accord him a plaoij alongside of the most Illustrious who preceded him. It then made a codn of rules to enable the majority to do business. It struck down that parliament- •ary notion, that a representative could bo present In his s-uit and absent from tho hall at tho same time, could bo present participating in legislation, but if sllont and refusing to answer to r .ill-call ho was held to be constructively abu-.tit. Oar now rules stopped ail that senselfss performance, and if a representative wanted to bo co'inted as absent, to'broak a quorum, an.l interrupt tho public bun ness, ho had to go through th« physiua exertion of walking •out ot the hall. He had to absent himself in the only way known to tho plain people by gattlng •out by escaping in full ga-x.e of the country and his constituents and turning his back upon his public duties. A sounder ruin never was established In a piirliamentary body. It mado llli- blistering hard which tueivtoforo had been -easy, and made it possible for tho mn.iority chosen by the people to do the people's business. This parluimenury reform was not a-oom- pllsheii without a hard struggle, bitter and malignant and Ion;,' cont nueil. But the party of the majority moved steadily on with firmness and directness, conscious of right, undaunted by tho flerej denunciations of tho minority, and tho work of the house with the co-operation of tho R-.-natij and the president presents a calendar of legislation—a record of great public acts equaled by the fewest of Its predecessors and excelled by no previous congress from Washington to Un-.rison. These rules bring us back to responsible government nnd in tho future no party majority •elected by the people 11 carry ou its will can shelter its ignorance or inootnpotency behind parliamentary tricks and revolutionary methods. Tho majority hereafter must do its wont or confess its incapacity. It must act or not act In open daylight "before the .g"isa of the country. It cm no long-?r Khlo'.d' Hsclf b-ihind a factious and irro- spooMMe minority. The adopUon of these rules gave th r neoplo un opportunity to register their decrees through its chosen majority. The houso wits under the greatest strain,, from the beginnirur to its close, and even with tho rules it roquired the most active vigilance and tha inoKt, oonstiujt devotion on tho part of ouch rop- Tes•jnlatlve in tho majority. The republicans were a compact body, there were no Idlers, or tho tTnltod States, needles for sewing nickel and nickel matter, and materials for ship* of •very kind designed for the foreign trad •, The bill reduces the duties upon the fol'owlng articles: leather, boots and shoes, lumber, rice, starch, coppor and topper products ana the producls of nickel, nails, spikes, tacks, hammers, trace chains, wire screws, nuts and washers, files, rasps binders' twine, rope, lojf phfttns, stono plates, horseshoes, sowing needles, iron piping, structural Iron, bar Iron, hoop Iron, sheet Iron, wiro rope and wire netting, steel rails, turpentine, varnishes, camphor, glycerine and chloroform. Twenty-two per cent, of the articles in number under the old law were reduced by tho new law. Thirty per cent, of tho articles wore loft on the n«w law as thoy were found In tho old law. Forty per cont. of the advances of dutlef mado In tho now law were upon agriculture, and Its products and their manufacture. More than 10 per cent, of tho advances made wero upon tobacco, spirit:* and opium. No detailed record of the now law would be appropriate to this occasion, nor is ono necessary. It is furnishing its own review In practical observation and oxperionce. It, will make Its own demonstration and is doing so to tlio satisfaction of Its friends and tho contusion of its foes. Its enemies should ho required to explain, for thoy have been caught in deception, and not. its friends. They, in all decency, should now confess either that thny willfully misrepresented or wero deluded. They have 'already been convicted of falsehoods. They imposed upon the people, and mu.-it make answer to them. All tho Interests of the country, agricultural and manufacturing, nro in a healthful condition. The new tariff law has brought no blight, but has alreaJy dispensed blessings to every section. Witness tho south. Its progress and development in the last throe months have exceeded any previous throe months of our history. The new tariff has not put up prices, but it has put up new plants. It has not imposed new burdens upon the people, but has widened opportunity In every avenue of human endeavor. It has encouraged tho American poople to greater effort, an A has opened up now fields for lubor heretofore unexplored. Somo people call the new tariff law prohibitory, when it gives larger, freer trade upon tho lines of protection than any previous tariff law. It has so'iie prohibitory provisions, It is true it prohibits tho importation from any foreign country of any obscene book, pamphlet, paper, writing, print, picture or draw.ng, figuro or maps, and any othor article or Immoral nature. It also prohibits tho Importation of all good- wares, nrtlclos and merchandise manufactured wholly or tu part in any foreign country by convict labor. This is the extent of its prohibition and wo havo no apologies to make. It is in tho Interest of good morals and American labor. If the democrats don't like these prohibitory features, and want free trado in them, let them rapeal t -em If thny can. Wo hear much In the opposition press of the extravagant appropriations of the Fifty-first congress. It, is truo wo did appropriate more money than was appropriated by the Fiftieth congress, and the Fiftieth congress appropriated more money than tho Forty-ninth congress. A part of our increase was occasioned by a deficiency loft us by tho Fiftieth congress, which failed and refused to appropriate S'J'v 00.000 for pensions which thoy should havo appropriated. Wo could do nothing but supply this deficiency and we promptly did It. We appropriated *1?,0'.K),0!)0 to refund to tho states tha direct tax which they advanced to the g.ivern- ment during the war to aid in its prosecut on. Was not that right? Wo appropriated one million and si quarter of dollars more for the agricultural departm-nt than the preceding congress. Wo appropriated seventy millions of dollars mire for pensions to the disabled sol- d'ers of tho war, their widows and orphans. Wi 1 the democratic party withhold that in tho next house? Wo gave the mivy additional money to carry out contracts already madn, and to push work already begun. Was not that in tho line of wise economy attd good business methods? "Wo increased the appropriations for agricultural experiment stations, and gave additional aid to agricultural colleges. Who objects to that? We increased the appropriations to make tho public schools of tho Dia- trict of Columbia more efflaient. Will t-iat be criticised V We increased the appropriations upon tho Indian bill to carry out the agreements mado by the government with certain Indian tribes; this increase amounted to over seven millions ot dollars. Under this legislation there will be released to the government ovor seven millions of acres of land which will IOWA STATE NEWS. RAILWAY EARNINGS. The Stut.n Commissioner* Issue Their An* niial Report. The board of railway commissioners havo filed their annual report with the governor. It is a voluminous document and covers in a thorough manner tho gross and net earnings, tonnage, taxes, number of miles of the roads in the state and the recommendations of the board. It pronounces the year just closed as showing a marked improvement in the condition of most of the roads. The operating expenses and earnings for Iowa were: Gross earnings, June 30, 188!) KM.tf>0,27ft.80 Gross operating expenses, June SO. 85.0U7.9M.17 Not comings ?8,801..'110.09 Tons. Total tonnnga, IRSO 13.H18,n32 Total tonnage, 1MO 18.83-2,006 Not gain fi,014.334 FORGOT HIS CLOTHING. A REMARKABLE CAREER CLOSED A Nii<7<- Mini 1'romonades Tlirougrli ft Sioux City Hotel. A man with no clothing 1 on his person came up from the bathroom of the leading hotel in Sioux City and sauntering down the corridor wandered into the billiard room, apparently not minding- the attention he attracted. He went to the clerk and asked for a room with a bed and was taken back to the bathroom and told to dress himself. Instead he went to sleep in the bathtub, where ho was found two hours later. He was dressed and turned out. He was not a guest of tho house and refused to give his name. He was believed to be an escaped lunatic. Death of J. 15. Orlnnoll. J. B. Grinnell, one of the oldest citizens of Iowa, died at his home in Grinnell after a year's illness. He was the founder of the city of Grinnell and Grinnell college. He was born in New Haven, Conn., in 1821, coming west in 1854. He was once a Congregational minister, and preached the first antislavery sermon in Washington. He was state senator in 1858, delegate to the republican national convention in 1800, and a member of congress for four years from 1803, and held other offices. ' Drunk Carbollo Acid. Mrs. Maggie Vanderbilt, the young wife of Oscar Vanderbilt, of DCS Moines, who is district passenger and land agent of the Northern Pacific, tommitted suicide by taking carbolic acid. Death resulted within fifteen minutes. It was believed to be the result of insanity. The'husband was so overcome that he attempted to kill himself with a carving knife but was disarmed by his friends. trlticrs, or deserters" in their ranks. Never In the history of congressional legislation was there m re singleness of purpose, more firm- .nesB ami resolution, than wero exhibited by the ropubl cans ot tho house of tho Fifty-lim congress The public a"ts of this congress were almost unwucedonted in numbers and importance. I can in the brief lime allotted to me, call your attention to only a few of the most iin- Tport'unt. t*$fy& Here uro some of them: The immigration law. which will in some measure protect our citizenship from the various ii-nd undesirable popul itions which seek our shores with no worthv aim or aspiration. The • ntl-trust law. which strikes a blow at unlawful combinations to limit production and control prices ag.iinst public policy und the •welfiu-o of tho masses. To our distinguished Penult .r. John Sherman, are tho people indebted for thi's timely legislation, for he was tho author arid promoter of the measure. Tho oc-enn postal law, In aid of tho foreign mail service and for the encouragement of our merchant marine and the enlargement of our shipping and commerce. Tho 'apportionment of representatives among tho several States under tho new census, which has never been done before by the congress llrst following tho taking of tho census. Tho .silver law. which purchases all of the silver product of the United States and utilizes It as p-irt of tho money currency of the country. Tbo copyright linv petitioned for by the authors and writers, the publishers and printers of our country. The law for refunding the direct tax to tho status which advanced it to the government In time of prsssing necessity. Under It tho state of Oh o receives one million and a quarter of dollars. Tho Inw giving aid to ouragrioultural colleges and osijo- imental stations throughout the sev era! states. The law to relievo the supreme and circuit courts of the United States so that suitors may have tri n and judgment without doluy and have their causes determined in their lifotimes. Too creation of a land court—a most 1m portant measure for the speedy settlement of disputed land titles. Tho anti-lottery act, which stamps out of existence the great gambling corporation, whose fraud and greed had deluded and Impoverished the poor, and whose Ill-gotten power had grown so gn-at as to invade courts and legislatures. The nets admitting two new states to the Union, Idaho und Wyoming, and adding two stars to tho flag. The iilsiiblllty pension act—the most liberal pension legislation law enacted by any nation on earth, which has already carried cheer and comfort to ten thousand American homes. The customs administrative law, to secure hones'v and uniformity of valuation and protect the honest mechanic against tne unscrupulous importer, and tho honest manufacturer at home r.gaimt this foreign manufacturer, who would make false entries and invoices. The inuut inspection law, which will secure just and honorable treatment to American ' meat products In every market of the world. The land forfeiture nets, which TL store to the public domain nearly nine millions of acres of the publ u liMi-is. 1 airing this vast territory from corporations to which they had been granted, but which had not complied with tho law of the grant. These groat tracts aro now opened up lor sett't-inent by our citizens und»r the homestead laws. An act to reform the pub lie land laws in Hie interest of the people and settlers. The wond's fair act, wh.uh will bring the products a d handiwork of all civilized peo pie, the skill and genius of mankind to the city of Chicago, which w;ll prove an education and inspiration to our poodle. Tiiet rifi'law J rnu.-it not oyerlook. It made a complete roviidon of the tarllT, not aloue of rates of duty, but of administration. It wus framed upon the mSnoiplo of protection. It was constructed 83 as"to secure tho needed revenues for public purposes and yet affording to our own people the needed protection against other countries, where labor conditions ma'.ie it un desirable that we should opsn up our market without restralut to tuuir producls. The farm er, tiio labprer, tUe manufacturer und consumer were nil consulted. It decreased duties when ever it could be saMy done, it enlargnd the free list and removed all duties from tho.so articles of every day use und necessity which we can not produce in the United States. It a-ivancec some duties from u mere revenue rate to a fuiriy protective rate, and we are already feeling in many industries the practical wisdom of the new ra:es We advanced the duties upon spirits, tobacco, chmjupagne, opium, seal furs, broadcloths, alllt, embroideries, laces, flue linens, tine cut glass, French and German china, jewelry, playing cards, firearms and pianos, also upon tin, wb'cn wo maun to manufacture at homo instead of Importing it from abroad. We consume 50 per cent, of tfie tin produced in the world, and under the new law if there be no adverse legislation we will make it at borne from our own raw materials, with, our own skill and lub r. Agrlcu.ture received in the bill tlae most considerate care »aJ its products saoure a larger measure of prjtectiou than wag aver Accorded mem under any tariff luw. The chief advances " duty are to be found ia tbj» schedule, and • > to be accessary t<? defend tfce fur- Celled States trow be opened up to sattle.Tient by the poople, and wlH*f!ventufilly bring into the treasury ovor twelve millions of dollars. They say the surplus in tho treasury has been deminished. So it has. Yet, if we have less money in tho treasury than we tud two years ago, we have less obligations of the government outstanding now than then. We nave p;\.id our debts and stopped Interest, whioh would ordinarily ba rogarJocl as good business. Mr. Cleveland advised us that "tho surplus was a constant menaca to our prosperity," »nd he saemed not to know iho uaea to which that surplus might and ought to be applied. Ho either hoarded it in tho treasury or gave it to the banks, and permitted our interest charge to accumulate. Harrison's administration hus faithfully applied it to the extinguish- ment of tho national d'.'bt. Cleveland's tirst two years the debt was reduced $141.530,300 HarrisoVs past two years ytio.OJO.UOO Difference 8133,463,703 Now us to the money in circulation: Amount March 1, 188f> 81,936,740,059 00 Amount March 1, 1887 1,307,01(5,114 UO Increase in two years under Cleveland $-r>,897,0 T )f> 00 Amount March 1, 1SS9 Sl^OJ.aD'i.SJO 00 Amount March 1, 18'Jl.. l,!ilS,4:!9 319 00 Increase In two years under Harrison 8114,SS3,433 00 The increase of money in c ruulaticm during he two years of Harrison's administration over the increase of like period under Cleveland's administration was more than ninety-three mU- ionsof dolla s. Mr. President: The Fifty-first congress has, for the most part, fulfilled the pledges it made with Uie people In 188^, and upon which President Harrl-son and the republican majority in the houso was elected. No congress can bo found more taithful to party promises nnd purposes and tho interests of the people than the ono which closed its work on the -1th of March last. Tha platform of 188:S has been singularly kept, and its promises performed. In one notable instance the congress failed to execute tho mandate of our party creed It did not pass the elections bill to secure fair elections throughout the country. This is to be regretted, and deplored. The responsibility of failure, however, is not with the house of representatives, nor with thi great body of republicans In the senate, nor with the president, who exhibited all through its discussion the highest concern for Its passage. It lacked a few votes to make it a law. Its ultimate enactment Into law or something better to secure the same end can be only a question of time. Tha issua will not rest. Tho constitution must be obeyed in every part of the republic, and every part of the constitution must be sacred and commanding as any other part. Honost elections must prevail or free government is a failure and tho constitution itself a lie. We mual not aiid will not turn our back* upon the weali and helpless of our citizens. The constitution is made for them und is their security, aud nothing short of free elections nnd an honest count will satisfy justice or law or constitution or righteousness. \ye have a duty in this behalf which must be performed. We must not shirk ii.JgCouseieBoe must not be subordinated to commerce. The latter is all well enough and should have our best thought, as It does, but no system of tinance or tariff is seoure while tha fountains of power are tilled with poison and tho lawful citizen is deprived of voice and vote, and this nation must meet and perform its supreme duty and that supreme duty is to do justice to our fellow men and give force to the great fundamental guarantees of the constitution. Whut will your verdict be on the work ot the Fifty-first congressV Tho country must passupon.it; it Is before the people. Shall It be enforce I? Shall It be overturnadV The great tribunal of the people must make answer. —Just Before the Battle. — Johnny— "Will it hurt much, doctor?" Dentist— "You don't \vant me to tell you a, story, do you, Johnny? The good book says we mustn't do that." ' 'J ohnny—"Well, the good book says you must do to others as you'd have 'em do to you, and if I was a big man a-going to pull 4 tooth for a little boy that wanted me to »ay it wouldn't hurt inuoh, I think I'd say it, doctor. That's what I think." —In the Restaurant. — "I am sorry, Mr. Scnoferl, to have to ask you not to come to this restaurant anv more, but you are so continually skaking your head that it might give rise to misapprehensions as to the quality of tho dishes. I kuow, of course, that you are reading the political news.but the other guests don't know it."—Flieg-eMde Blatter. -—"How is your friend doing In Helena?" "O, he's carrying everything him ' '-'Good; what business 19 •» Hold Over. The last legislature changed the term of office of county auditors so as to have them elected in alternate years with the. county treasurer. The question in many counties is, as to the present incumbents, whether they go out at the end of their term leaving a short vacancy, or whether they hold over. They hold over says the attorney general. Ptiatv Caused by a Bursting 1 Dum. Coralsville dam, several miles above Iowa City, burst from the immense pressure of water and a flood swept down the valley, causing no little damage on its way. A warning was sent down in advance of the flood and all people living in the lowlands fled to higher ground. The dam was built in 180!) at a cost of $80,000. Could Not Uve Without Myrtle. Eugene Groo:n, a student at the "Western Normal college in Des Moines, committed suicide by shooting himself. He left a note addressed to Myrtle Jone.s, which clearly indicated that the act was caused by ner rejection of his suit. Groom's home was at Table Rock, Neb. Nou's in JSriar. Davenport claims to be able to show the finest supply of city water in the state. John Anderson, a farmer, was found hanging to a tree near Mason City. He had evidently committed suicide. Hundreds of children in Council Bluffs were ill with either grip or measles, and the public schools had been closed. Mrs. M. Scott, of Des Moines, dealer in dry goods, mado an assignment with liabilities of $10,535. A Wabash train ran over and horribly mangled Fred Stumpf near Council Bluffs. Gov. Boies has appointed H. L. Mitchell, of Bloomficld, state pharmacy commissioner to succeed H. K. Snider, whose term expired. The Mason City clerks are protesting against keeping busine-.s houses open after 0 o'clock p. m. The Keokuk Humt'.na society proposes to see that boys are punished for killing feathered songsters with their "nigger-shooters." Of the coal product west of the Mississippi, Iowa furnishes over '45 per cent., or 4,001,704 tons of the total output of 1(5,007,500 tons in 1889. Joseph Buck, of Essex, one of the largest cattle raisers in the state, predicts that the price of cattle will be higher this year than any year since 18S1. The price in June 1883, was $9.25. The German college lots in Charles City, which were sold at auction, brought a premium of §5,000. The executive committee of the State Teachers' association met and fixed the time for the next annual meeting for December a9, 80 and 31 at Des Moines. Luther Dodd, well known throughout the state as the oldest Presbyterian in Iowa, died at his home in Fort Dodge from the effects of the grip. Ho was 78 years old. The first wedding that ever occurred in Union county was in the month of June, 1850, and was a runaway match from Missouri. In later years the tables were turned and Iowa furnished many runaway matches to Missouri. A gang of hoodiums got into the salvation army meeting at Keokuk and broke it up. After tbe toughs bad been ejected it because op Death at Bridgeport, Conn., of ¥• T. Bar* natn, tho Famous Showman—Sk*t«U of Hln I^llc. BitmouronT, Conn., April 8.— The showman, P. T. Uarnuin, passed «way Bt 6:23 o'clock Tuesday evening in the presence of his wife and family. During the period of Mr. Barnum's illness, which began twenty-one weeks ago last Friday, there have been frequent fluctuations in his condition, from each of which he rallied, although hi each instance with a slightly lowered vitality. At !i:30 o'clock p. m. the sufferer fell into a stupor from which lie was not aroused. In a general way Mr. Bariium has prescribed directions for his funeral, lie wished it to IH-. of a private character and unostentatious. Of show and parade he said he had had eno\igh during his lifetime, and his commitment to his last resting- place is to be devoid of all ceremony beyond the simplest tribute of affiectioii and respect. [Phlnoiis Taylor Hiirnum was tho son of \ Connecticut tanner nnd was born July 5. 1810. As u boy ho dlHluyed groat business shrewdnesH. After c 'orbing in a country store for awhile he secured a clerkship In a Brooklyn storo, and then returned homo to run a stort of his own at the age of 18. Three years later he assumed the ftdltor- shlp of the Herald of Freedom and subsequently sorvod two or three terms of Imprisonment for ollct'otl libel. Barnutn dickered in various other enterprises before he went Into the show business, which really began when ho managed the exhibition of a colored woman 112 years of age. The Jenny Llnd engagement, however, was his first great strike, and It netted him (250,030. From this time on his genius for the show business continued to add to his fortune and fame. It was ho who brought, out Tom Thumb, who wore Iho honor of being the first "freak." He first showed Toung, the sacred white elephant of Durmah, nnd Jumbo, the largest elephant over seen in this country. The "prince of showmen" cannot be said to have always boon lucky. Ho was particularly unfortunate in regard to fire. In 1862 his museum (the original) at the corner of Broadway and Ann streets, New York, burned. It was one of tho greatest fires in the history of the metropolis. Hundreds of wild animals were released, creating the wildest consteratlon among the many thousands of spectators who hud gathered. In 1868 his place on Broadway, near Prinoe street, was burned, and not only many animals, but several per? sons, lost their lives. Ho then moved onto Fourteenth street, between Third and Fourth avenues, and that place burned in 187U, causing a largo loss ol human life. June 5,1883, his big tout burned iu Chicago, it having boon pitched on the lake front. Including the loss of his residence "Iranistan" at Bridgeport, Barnum is estimated to have lost $,1,000,000 by llres. Barnum's great success was undoubtedly due, as he himself said, to liberal advertising, for which ho had spent hundreds of thousands of dollars. His estate is worth $10,00.),OCK) or $12,- 000,00'J. In hi.s will, executed In 1883, he mado very largo bequests to charity. Many years ago he and his then associate, Gen. Noble, donated to tho city of Bridgeport Washington park, a beautiful grove surrounded by churches and fine residences, which the city Would not sell now for hundreds of thousands of dollars. Then he, individually, gave the city 670,000 worth more of land for park purposes on condition that it would maintain it forever as a park and always have a free bathing ground on its front. In the oily cemetery he gave several thousand dollars' worth of lots for a burial plot for Iho Grand Army of the Rapublic; as much more for the flre department of Bridgeport; 3,000 single graves for poor people on condition that they should be scattered all over tho cemetery, not located in any one place together, where tha spot might come to be known by tho opprobrious name of potter's Held, and tha further condition that the very poor shall be buried for nothing, and In no case shall more than $3 be charged, .instead of the ordinary rate of $7. In addition to all that he gave about $50,031) worth of land for the cemetery. In his natve town of Bethel, a few miles from Bridgeport, he erected a fountain that cost him 110,000 In Berlin, and with the fitting up and ground about it represented $20,000 at least. In 1883 Mr. Barnum made Ms will. In order that thero might bo no question us to his sanity upon which to ground contests after his death ho had eminent physicians examtaa him and secured their attestation that he was of sonnd mind. Tho will and its codicils cover more than 700 pages of legal cap, closely written, and dispose of real estate and personal property of the value of $10,000,000 to twenty-seven heirs. Tho property Is in New York, Brooklyn, Bridgeport, Colorado and several other places. His bequests for charitable purposes arf. numerous and large. Among the beneficiaries are the Cftapln home, Children's Aid society, Old Men's and Women's home and the Society to Assist Males and Females Over 1H Years of Age of this city, the Bridgeport orphan asylum, Bridgeport hospital and other Bridgeport societies. Mr. Barnum ulso mado provision for certain worthy charities by bequeathing to them a stated percentage of tho large annual profits accruing from his share in his shows. To the city of Bridgeport, he secures tho only water front not already seized by private corporations, with a dock upon It costing 130,000, for twenty-one years after his death, during which time his executors aro forbidden to sell or lease it. Tho great showman was a maa of broad information and was very popular. He was twice sent to congress, was twice mayor ol Bridgeport, and represented his county in the legislature tour terms. Baruum was a teetotaler and at ono time declined a nomination by the prohibitionists for president ol the United States.] WAR Time flips, and tlui voiei-iins, private At post or encampment, In 'dumber* til in: Grim Dcutli. tho harsh r^aicr, unbecdin. Thrusts forth his keen sickj£ i»id gtttheia ' ' - them in ; His thrusting and neaping no mortal can stiiy, . .. j And swiftly our comrades nref.passlng away>. I ought to sacrifice any y sending- him. wcnt to tne lieutenant anA Kim wlitit he would do if he wer» ed and cashiered, telling 1 , jliip, Vifh'at I had boon ordered to do. H* said: 'If I inn cashiered I will blow ,i Ho strikes, tincl his striking unerring and' Field and valley ho swoe'pcth, nor misses,.a soul; And thus he will mow on the right nnd tin left, Till all the donr comrades are dropped from (lie roll; As galliint a bniid as earth over knew, Tli<! brave nnd undaunted, old heroes In blue. Aye, frequent and solemn, wltji low mufned- drum. ; The innrch with furled banner'in draping* of night, ; For iigulti anil nnon vhe swift messengers come, ' And boar Die old soldiers nwny from our slurht: Hciv uliKCtit at. roll-cull—no answer insV'ucl At the, grander encampment of ail tl.e brave Beloved \vcrr: the brave in the raiment of blun, I When first with the musltet they fell into line, When life is so genial »nd manhood so new To the young volunteer in .the warfare ill- vino; Sweet memory' tin-Ills ue, while sad is each heart, . As yearly and daily the heroes depart. Admiration nnd love for the lioncful and brave Grew btronger and warmer when homeward they turned; ' And loud and prolonged were the cheers tho friends tfave To the victors and banners with laurels well e-irned; « • Ah! that banner's defenders, now veterans Ki-ay. Freedom's Nation will honor 10 its uttcr- mcstdny. Tattoo is now beating—through- nil the land heard— And tups will be next for the host once so strung; Aye, ''lights out," the order obeyed to the word, Will sound for the last of the heroes ere long; And camp-fires extinguished and camp in stsll rest. There'll be peace for thee, 'soldier, in the land of the blest. —Henry Kit.cheock, in Inter Ocean. brains out. J will nerer go back to 'Kentucky with that disgrace hanging v b"vcr me.' I then spoke to him of the necessity of knowing what the enemy •was about, and told him that if he would txbtain- tho information the court-mar- tialjwould be forgotten, reminding him* a,t the same time, of the terrible, risk h» ran. [fc fully understood it, and as h» •was in dead earnest in bin declaration, and said he would rather die in the bridge than be cashiered, I told him to go. When Col. found what I had done, he said; 'You are surely not going to let that man go?" 1 explained the position, but it was a hard case, any way. "Well, he started. We. heard him. climbing- up the bank as stealthily as possible, toward the entrance to tho bridge. We remained quiet, and soon we'fcould detect his footfalls on the floor of the bridge above. It was an anxious, monu'iit. We soon knew that the enemy was not at our end of the bridge, but the lieutenant kept on. Suddenly, at the far cud, we heard: 'Haiti Haiti' in quick succession and a volley of shots, and we also heard our man's fleeing foostcps. In a very few moments he was among us, and as he came up, he said: 'General, they're there,' as coolly as possible. Well, I was never so much relieved in my life. He proved by that act the truth of my theory and nobly redeemed his tarnished character. "—Louisville Courier-Journal. GRANT'S EARLY LIFE. STORIES OF THE WAR. THE VETERANS. of De- the G. A. U. Jubilee at eatur, 111. DKOATUB, 111., April 8. — The weather continues bright and pleasant for the veterans who are here to attend the silver anniversary encampment of the department of Illinois, Grand Army of the llepublic. There are many soldiers present from Indiana, Ohio, Missouri and states farther away. The national council of administration had business sessions Tuesday. At night the regular meeting of Dunham post, No. 141, was held. Recruits were mustered in and Gen. Veazey and others were present It was a red-letter session for the post At the opera house Woman's Relief Corps 'No. 4 gave a reception at which Mrs. Sallie J. Steele delivered the address of welcome, which was responded to by Mrs. Delilah A. Leaverton, department president. Gov. Oglesby and Gen. Veazey made brief addresses. _ _____ Sir. Crounz Accepts. WASHINGTON, April 8.— Ex-Representative Lorenzo Crounz, of Nebraska, has accepted the office of assistant secretary of the treasury tendered him by Secretary Foster, and will be appointed by the president in a few days. Mr. Crounz will take the office vacated by Gen. Batcheller. of New York. Ordered to &osb. PITTSBURGH, Pa., April 8.—The firmj in this city having contracts for the manufacture el iron and steel for gov- ernme$£ worships have been ordered to hurry ^ work as « resist 9! tfe« "Oil" Days" Whicli Kvcry lirave Man Has Kxporieueed lit Times. Not long- since, at a social gathering at which a number of middle-aged and elderly men were present, a party composed of some four or five, gathered in a convenient corner of the room, and began the discussion of the physical courage of seme of Kentucky's prominent uaeii of the early part of this century, brought about by a narrative which had been read in their hearing. Among this party were to be found more than one man who had personal knowledge of the late war, and all were more or less interested in the subject. One a distinguished soldier, and probably as brave a man in action as could be found in the confederate army, and whose experiences and opportunities for observation were numerous, embracing some of the most dashing and arduous cavalry service ever performed by any body of mounted troops, took occasion to express himself in about these words: "In my experience with men I have seen many things tending to convince me that every man, "no matter how brave, has his off day. I mean by that that there are times when the best men— men whom you know to be absolutely fearless as a rule—will quail in the presence of danger." This expression of opinion from one so well qualified to judge, and whose personal coitrage was undaunted, naturally caused his listeners to assume an expectant attitude, as they were assured that he would follow his remark with an illustration. This he did. Continuing, he told of an incident which came under his own observation. He gave no names, although he did mention the places at which the events he narrated had occurred. These will not be located, as it is not wished to identify the unfortunate victim of "a day off" in any manner. "I remember the circumstances perfectly well," baid the veteran. "My command had been fighting a superior force for some time, and the fellows on the other side were making it very hot for us. I think my regiment lost about 125 men in a short time. While the fight was going on, I had occasion to pass a short distance to the rear, and found, to my astonishment, a young lieutenant who had left his post and sought shelter behind a tree. I had my pistol in my hand and raised it and pointed it at him, ordering him at the same time to go to his post. He obeyed without a word, and during the remainder of the fight be was all right. I knew lie had always been trustworthy and coiild not account for his conduct, except on the idea I have just given— that every man has his off day. But this was liot all of it. I did not want to have the jr.an cashiered; I knew that would ruin him forever; but I was at a loss as to what to do. I could not, however, pass it over. I reported the ease to Gen. Breckinridge a few days later, without 'giving the lieutenant's name, and asked what I ought to do about it. The general was pretty cross that morning and at once said: 'Have him cashiered.' Well, I went back tu my, command, but I still hesitated to prefer charges. In the meantime we were sent off to another place and engaged the enemy at a point near where there was a long covered bridge, across which we supposed they had retreated, but of that we were not sure. It was necessary to find out, and I took some men and went down the bank of the stream—under the bank, which was high—and kept on until we got beneath the bridge. All was still. We could tell nothing about the situation. Col. , the lieutenant and a number of others were with me. I consulted with the colonel, who agreed with me that it would not he KeminiKcem-es Related by (Jen. O. O. Howard. At a society meeting in New York city, the othor evening, Gen. O. O. Howard read a paper on Geii. Grant. He gave a sketch of the early life and career of the great soldier and statesman, and paid a high tribute to his bearing in his every-day intcrcoxirse with his associates and in his domestic relations. Gen. Howard related many characteristic anecdotes about Gen. Grant. One anecdote told of Grant by President Lincoln showed the principle which guided Grant to success and honor. A traveling circus visited the town in which Grant lived as a boy, and one of the attractions of the show was a mule warranted to unseat any person who tried to ride him around the ring. A dollar was offered to the person who would ride. him. and young Grant tried, but was thrown. Picking himself up, he said he would like to try again. He did, mounting the beast with his face toward its tail, which he grabbed, and so he succeeded in getting around the ring. Lincoln, after telling his story, added: "That's what he'll do with Lee," ajidtwo week/3after- ward Lee capitulated. In closing Gen. Howard said: "Tried by any standard, human or divine, Grant's was a remarkable career, and had a fitting close. He made a supreme effort to leave his family provided for, and then resigned himself to meet his Creator. His was a noble life, nobly ended."—Washington Critic. Surviving Army Generals. The death of Gen. Sherman renews interest in the diminishing list of those still living who held high rank in the war for the Union. Of army commanders there are Gen. Rosecrans, and Gen. Buell, Army of the Cumberland; Gen. Scholield, Army of the Ohio; Gen. Butler, Army of the Jatmes; Gen. Pope, Army of Virginia; Gen. John G. Parke, Army of the Potomac; Gen. Banks, the Army of the Gulf and in the Shenandoah; Gen. Howard, the Army of the Tennessee, and Gen. Slocum, the Army of Georgia. Of these Gen. Scofield is in command of the army, Gen. Rosecrans is register of the treasury, Gen- Buell resides in Kentucky, Gen. Pope is on the retired list and lives in St. Louis, Gen. Parke is on the retired list hale and hearty. He commanded the Army of the Potomac temporarily and the Ninth Corps, both at the East and the West Gen. Banks is a representative in congress, Gen. Howard is stationed in New York, and Gen. Slocum resides in Brooklyn.—Cincinnati Gazette. RECENT REPORT. vight to order any man to go into tue bridge on au errand which wassw'S to result Iu his death- I did not to do. GEN. SHERMAN once declined an offer- of $10,000 a year to contribute regularly to a grand army paper. IT is a remarkable fact that the three greatest generals of the rebellion, Grant, Sherman and Sheridan, were born within a radius of 100 miles in the southern, pai-t of Ohio. MARCH 18, 1803, army corps were organized in the army of the Potomac, and Gens. McDowell, Sumner, Heintzelman, Keys and Banks assigned as commanders. COL. WILLIAM H. MORGAN of Shepherdstown, W. Va., claims that the last shot at Appoinattox was fired by the Maryland brigade (confederate) and that this was some time after Gen. Lee had surrendered. He was informed of the surrender by the union troops themselves under a flag of truce. JOHN W. JANUARY, of Minonk, 111., draws a pension of $100 a month. Mr. J anuary is known all over the country as the man who cut off his own feet in Audersonville prison. The confederate surgeon bad told him that he must die, as his feet were partly eaten away by gangrene. The surgeon refused to amputate the injured parts, when January performed the operation himself with an old knife. lie retains the knife as 9 most valuable relic. DR. HALL has quite a curiosity in the shape of an old rusty relic of the late war, says the Americus (Ga.) Recorder* His one of the old pikes known as the Joe Brown, pike, which were used \»y the confederates at the beginning aj?4 by some of the troops all through t&e iwar. Dr. Bail was liriagr Bsear Qgm woldville, and after the there he fpuad the one he has, JV« «6*S 0$ «» ^ 'it

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