The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on April 8, 1891 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, April 8, 1891
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$atm ! attb Stock IJarb, JAMES WILSON, Kdltor. [Ideas ore solicited from our farmer readers. Querlei will be nnsvyersd, Addreia to the Editor, James Wilson, Xra«r, Iowa.] The secret oath-bound form of farmers' alliance is being introduced into Iowa. The farmers' alliance officers were present when tho executive council assessed the railways, Prof. Hejiry finds that 443 pounds of cooked potatoes equal 100 pounds of corn meal in making pork. Don't you wish you hud 1000 shocks of corn standing in the field? More fodder is wasted in .Iowa every year than would, If saved, keep double our herds over winter. The world has .few fodders better than corn stalks cut in season and saved or shocked. _ Eastern farmers say they do not want to help pay for irrigation systems in the desert. They say there is land enough under cultivation now, and no need of taxing everybody to make more production until the nation needs more food. There is some point to this. Powell, the geologist, says very little can be had by boring. When Iowa farmers raise sheop for mutton, and wool incidental, the cheap grass countries can not effect their business very seriously. The good mutton sheep does not pay us ••well us the good dairy cow, but farmers who have, not milking force can profitably raise, sheep for mutton as well as raise, calves for beef. We would say more profitably were it not for the dogs. The great pending issues of the coming campaign are: whether breed or feed has most influence on butter fats, how much fat can be left in, or got into a good cheese, early or lute maturity in beef cattle, tho influence of stalk fodder and ensilage on milkers and milk, the value of clover for hogs in a winter ration, the relative cost of making mutton and pork, the best sheep for Iowa, how to breed the carriage horse, when to sow tame, grasses, and what, and how much, tho value, ol roots for breeding animals, and others that might be mentioned. We write in reply to;: letter asking us to define the coming campaign. We trust all parties will demeai themselves like good citixens and avoit unbecoming expressions during the heat of discussion, and accept the results with t horoughbred resiunulion. The nurvous theory may be correct us regards dairy cows, but the care of them must bo very delicate. They will use that high, nervous organixalion lo kick the pail over, to refuso to give, down their milk, to get alarmed when a dog or :i stranger or a tumble weed comes in sight. We do not fancy too much nervousness. We would not buy a, cow with an oxci liable disposition. The best cows AVI; know are quiet animals that go about their business and pay very little, attention to what is going on around them in pasture or stall. We arc told that lymphatic temperament is inclined to fat. Thesi; distinctions are carried entirely too far by amateur farmers and dairymen. The highly nervous organization i.s not desirable nor necessary. Many line cows with all the appearances of milters uninjured by this one fault. It is admitted that they will not do their best unless their surroundings are just so. They will not do their best at a State fair—too nervous. This is conceded. They require petting, coddling, patting, scratching and guarding. Let those who have lime for this get nervous cows. are compelled to use. We have no such soil for cropping or grazing but we. are safe under present conditions." "Suppose," we said, "Iowa farmers reach the conclusion of using their corn Instead of selling it to yon?" "That," said ho, "would curtail our operations, but there is little danger of that. You have plenty of farmers who will sell corn as long as they live." Is he correct? Do other States estimate us this way, and build upon our. ignorance of the use of our own crops? This is a new standpoint from which to .look at Iowa. Part of us work for eastern dairymen at very low wages. TIIK SHKK1' AGAIN. Look carefully into the wool when you buy sheep. Fine mutton and high selling, wool are combined In the same sheep. It will pay ove.ryone intending to engage in the production of mutton to read up on the sheep from the standpoint of both wool and mutton. The coining American sheep suited to the West is yet, to be bred. Conditions in England and America are very different both as regards soils, feeds and Climate. The Shropshires are at present the. favorites and may .remain so. But all the mutton breeds are valuable, while itheir meats and wools differ considerably. The, principles of breeding must never bo ignored, and besides, wo must give due weight to tho changes of treatment. A moist climate and root feeding rtiffor greatly from a dry climate and fodder feeding. We. firmly believe that when our people make a close study of sheep in ail th/>.lr relations a better animal in all respects will bo the, result, both as regards mutton and wool. The rations for sheep under different circumstances are intelligently guessed at, but have not become household -words. In Iowa they will get grass and corn more than anything else. They will have the run of late and oarly pastures on good farms and longer feeding on dry matter on other fitnns. The sheep needs closer inspection to determine its condition than any other animal. The growth of good wool requires steady, intelligent feeding, and to the practical eye .the wool indicates thrift or decay. There is not so much danger in the present movement 'toward sheep as there was in the movement thirty years ago. Then wool was the object, now mutton is the aim. Careless men will lose money now, but the fact .that Iowa is every way suited to mutton sheep ill be a leverage in the favor of am- teurs. As good mutton and as much of sis possible, with as good wool and as uich of it, MS possible, should be the goal ,i be strived for. There is an esthetic side i) sheep raising. If there is any more .elightful sight to behold than a tlock of ilce sheep and lambs in an Iowa pasture, vith occasional trees of varigatecl hues, it seen only in the little school house on the, ll, where the farmer's daughter is mak- ng Americans of the children of the peo- ile from all lands. The early luiiihs :irc tho most valuable. They winter easiest, ami if wanted for early sellers they liring the best prices. Rut. they rcciuiiv a good deal of attention. Tlie ewes Meed ^'onerous feed, and the litinbs must have attention. A cennlort- ••ililo, inlying p<-u is necessary, and ustove .iii ; t for extreme periods advisable. As ilie lamb I,TI.\VS the ewe rip-quires more ,!Vi-.l suitable to milk giving on the lumb'.-; aivoimt and lo meet, tho drain on her system. For curly selling the lamb may he i n'.cht to eiit grain quite early. Tlie ev.v's llcecc will be partially spoiled if Mio i.s permittee! io decline in condition. Mie has throe- calls upon her: lo nurse the l-imb, to sustain herself, and to keep up a steady growth of wool. So it is evident she must bo well fed. Good corn fodder is fast taking position as one of the best milk fodders we have. Clover hay is excellent. A ration of corn and bran, or corn and oats, or corn and roots will answer, and we would make ewe can eat up clean. the feed all the We met an eastern dairyman on the cars one day, lately, and during- conversation asked him how long- the, eastern butter and choose maker could continue to compete with the western men am. peud here for corn and bran, lie sa "they always have competed ,succebsfuil> arid will continue to do so. They have better methods, make better average goods and keep a profit in view by such weans." ''Hut," we said, ''our people an; learning fast and will soon reach the point of putting as good articles on the, market as eastern farmers, what then?' He said, "it will be a long time, till tha comes about. Our people breed and sc led carefully. They save all the feet possible. There i.s little danger to ui while such Jack of uniformity prevail: among your stock, and while you wasti nineteen out of every twenty acres o your corn fodders. Our people could no compete and get as much profit as your jpeople if the Iowa farmers used all the ye AS TO .UKIijy.S Now that Congress has adjourned and 'ommont is in order concerning the vari- itis features of it, we have an opinion ibotil Speaker Reed's ruling's that has not MI expressed. They were entirely tin- lece.ssary. The current conclusions are in one side that they were the evidence of growth, were in obedience! to public demand. On the other hand it is held that they were revolutionary.. Let us see. Iced counted gentlemen present in order to make a quorum. Why'' Here people say, "because if a man's present he's .m-sent." That's not the point. Why xmnt any of those who eliel not vote, and liel not want to be. counted? Why, to make a (-[iiorum. Well, why not count :hosc who were on Speaker Reed's .side? liecause they were absent. Oh! now AVI: lave it. Reed AVUS elected speaker because a majority of his party friends Avore -lected. Hi-resorted to the counting in jH'oeoss because a majority of his party would not slay in the. House to make a .quorum. If they had, it Avould not have been necessary to count in any of tho either parly. So AVO find that the people need not agitato themselves about this now feature of parliamentary hv\v. They must, require their representatives to attend to business, be present to make quorums and nei counting in Avill be necessary. Wo all admire Reed's writ, but see the necessity of turning public opiniem into an entirely different direction. Get after the absentees. Why protend to represent the people, and stay aAvay from the sittings of the- House? This is one of the. reasons why the people's affairs aro not attended to. DaAvdling felloAVS get into Congress and cannot be depended on to even sit in their seats. The country has boon led lo believe that some groat exigency required Tom. Reed to count a quorum. Nothing of the kind. Useless representatives were, absent. 11AJKV TENDENCIES. Tho old fashioned way of making butter iu the farmer's family gave us some of the finest ami much of 'die poorest butter and cheese. The factory system has brought about more uniformity of product, and better average product. Still the, best prices are paid to private dairymen who continue to make the butter at home. It i.s Avell known that better butler can bo made Avithout carting the cream about than any other Avay. The improved methods of making butter have been a good thing for families that could not make or would not make good articles. It has helped to solve the hired girl problem. It has been a blessing to many overworked Avomen, and still, it is not just Avhat is best for all. There are many families on our farms that need all the profits possible from the milk of their COAVS, who should make the butter and known that old fashioned- ways do not get as much butter from milk as mote modern and more scientific methods. Milk tests by modern discoveries of Patrick and others, and separators of different make, cost too much for the average farmer. We may have them cheaper soon. Patrick and Babcock took out no patents on their discoveries, but most other modern dairy implements are patented. Still simpler milk tests are wanted for small dairymen—and tbey may -soon have them—and still cheaper separators are necessary for the owner of a doxen cows. We deplore the loss to the s average farmer of the knowledge of how 'to turn his milk into the best butter. Division of labor does not apply to a small fanner who owns an eighty-acre farm and must rear and school a family on It. He must do all his own work, and hold all possible profits. We think farm philosophy must differ in this regard from town philosophy. The farmer must .work, and if his boys and girls are to be •worth raising they must work. We :know this is dangerous ground, but venture to say that every farmer's daughter •should know how to make butter and •cheese. Wo would not have tho girls milk if there Is plenty of men's help, but if it is an overworked boy, or a tired •father, or a buxom girl that is to milk, 'let the girl take hold. There aro rewards for her. Tho. cow prefers her very much. When she is a woman she knows how others should do it. You see, all our girls cannot be wives of cabinet officers, nor marry dukes, nor counts, nor yet all get congressmen—small loss in every case. The Iamily that must live from the farm cammeet much worse fortune than milk a nice cow—boy or girl. This is the great Iowa sticking point as far as milk production is concerned, the cost of modern appliances for a single farm is the next. Neighbors might join in buying a milk testing machine, so as to help them in se- loctingthe good cows and rejecting the low, fat sort. Far be* ter results will be had when theanilk is of uniform composition, and far more profit where no feed is wasted on poor cows. QUKSTJONS AND ANSWERS. CHICKEN DISK ASK. MT. ArmuvN, Iowa.—I desire information regarding a disease among my chickens. Symptoms: Warty-like sores about head and eyes, with blubbery water issuing from eyes, swelling the eyes shut. Also ulcerated throat and mouth, with very offensive smell. Some are affected both ways, others only in one way. The disease is fatal and appears contagious. F. AUSTIN. It i.s impossible to tell the cause of this disease without studying the surroundings, feed, shelter, breeding and all that. One thing i.s evident: the disease is conta- gious—fa lid. It comes, then, under the list of animal diseases that require heroic treatment. Kill every bird, quarantini your premises against your neighbors' poultry, disinfect thoroughly, clean effectually, and after six months get new fowls that aro healthy, and from a neighborhood that never had chicken disease. Tin's is the only way to eradicate the disease. If your neighbors have tho same trouble, they must take the same steps, or you will have recurrences of the mal adv. Teachers' Department, ^•"Communications for this Department are earnestly solicited frotn the teachers. WllKX TO JJHKAK SOD. MANOIIESTKK, March 21.—When is tlu j , best time, to break prairie sod that has beun pastured? Sod tliat has bwn pastured—that is, tame grass sod—may bo broken in sprint,' from the time tho frost goes out up to corn planting time, but much work i.s necessary to pulverize it and gut it ready for planting. The. usual time to plow tuine grass sod is in September and October. If you mean wild prairie, sod that has been close pastured, the. best time is in late May or early June. Crops of flax do finely on such land, and it' the wild grass is very closely eaten a crop of corn or potatoes will do well. If the sod is still quite still', and much wild grass still is plowed under, it is best to let it lie fallow without any crop for another year when the land will be in fine condition for any crop suitable to our latitude. COUNTY TEACHEKS WAGES. Seeing that your columns are open to teachers I wish to record my hearty approval of J. E. Paul's letter in last week's REPUBLICAN, on country teacher's salaries. Some might say, it is natural for teachers to complain of small wages because they are the ones interested. But if no one else will speak, the teachers must try to get some redress from the seemingly concerted action of boards of directors in reducing wages in the county this Spring. To state my own case, in Swca township where I taught the past term, and which pays the highest wages in the county, I received $37.00 per month. In Greenwood township where I teach the coming term I will receive $35.00 per month, which is the next highest in the county. Swea has 7 months school in the year and Greenwood has 8 months, but we will figure on 8 months, at the average of the two townships or $36.00 per month for 8 months the amount is $288.00. My board costs me $3.00 per week which for 32 weeksj'.would amount to $96.00 during the school session, leaving $192 after board is paid or $24.00 per month and board for 8 months. Now deduct from this amount the amount of 2 weeks board and the amount of 12 days work at the Normal, (and the session generally lasts 3 or 4 weeks,) which cost me 20.35 last year and you have left the magnificent sum of; $177.05 or $21.46 per month. Then one is not and should not be considered up to the times unless they subscribe for at least two educational journals and we are almost required to read two professional books per year all of which would amount to at least $5.00 which deducted from above wages would leave $166.65 or $20.84 per month for 8 months and an enforced idleness as far as our chosen profession is concerned for the other 4 months, which may corne at a time when work can not be. procured or when the weather inclement as in case of schools closing in midwinter. But allowing that we could go right to work as soon as school closed: is this going to make us lit for our professeion when we enter the school room again, or, would a doctor, or a lawyer if he had to work on the farm or in the store a part of the year to earn his livelihood? I think this is settled that one business or profession at a time is enough for any person. Last fall it was said that we had a "weeding out" of the teachers, we are willing to believe this and admit that Kossuth Co. has a better class of teachers than ever before. Then (last fall) the cry was "raise the standard of teachers" and the directors will raise the wages. That the standard of teachers has been raised i.s not questionable. Have the directors raised the wages? They have reduced the average paid per month to teachers in the county at the Spring meetings this year. I would like to hear from other teachers on this subject. J. A. FKECU. Swea, March ;iotli, 3801. 'Report of school taught in sub-district No. 5, Wesley township, for term beginning Dec. 15, '90, and ending Aprils, 1891: No. boys enrolled 10 No. girls enrolled 12 No. clays attendance 1108 No. days absence -JIG Average attendance 10.2 Average number belonging 10.-55 No. days tauglit 1-2 C. A. TKLUEH, Teacher. CARPETS, Out to Match and Fit your rooms without waste, saving you much extra cost. To Please all Purses and Tastes, WE OFFER NO OLD STOCK. But New attractive styles, novel colorings, new weaves, and pleasing patterns. Reliable Carpets in Every Grade. The Grange Store. HENRY J.WINKIE — SUCCESSOR TO — Winkle Bros, I will continue the Hardware business in tho old stand, oa north side State street, where you will always find a full and complete line of General Hardware, Stoves and Ranges, all at Bottom Prices. IN MIXED PAINTS We Take the Lead. We are agents for and carry a complete line of the ti Sherwin-Williams Prepared House and Barn NEVER RUST TINWARE. And which are well known to be one of the VERY BEST PAINTS made. For a few samples see the following houses: H. A. Clock, Joe Nicoulin, J. D. Shadle, W. K. Ferguson, W. W. Wheeler, Gardner Cowles, and many others too numerous to mention. These paints are fully warranted in every respect. Call and see us before you buy. We can do you good on everything in our line. Henry J. Winkle. .MAM'KK IM'li.NKD. "\Y. J. Sturges, ol! -Manson, Oalboun county writes: 1'ou invite questions: A neighbor drew manure onto a Held; part of the field was covered with manure, mostly straw. This straw was set on lire. The 'part of. the Held where the, straw was burned produced the best crop that year. Now was it not strange that there was a marked difference In favor of thin coat of ashes against stable manure'.' What part of the straw that was valuable as manure (had it been plowed under) was burned up? The burning you speak of made the ash immediately, but turned everything else into smoke. If annual fires had burned over Iowa while the two feet of black soil was being formed by decaying vegetation wo would have what the bad lands on the Northern Pacific have. The coarse manures as they decompose make plant food. Manure piles "fire fang," that is, they lose their nitrogen. The burning of manure loses the nitrogen, while the potash is made more immediately available. This is the way the chemists put it. Mr. Sturges asks more questions, but on the other side of the paper,and we are too busy to copy them all, but one is so important we will break over our rule. He asks: "Would it pay to pay $5.00 a bushel for clover to sow with grain in spring and plow- under the following year?" Jted clover takes two years to mature. It would hardly pay to plow it under at a year old, nor do we think it necessary, because no crop we know of will pay better than growing the clover another year. Clover feeds the land with nitrogen and prepares it for growing crops that exhaust the land of nitrogen. This has been demonstrated lately a»d «, as some say, the greatest discovwy ol FOJt ,SA1K AT A IJAIIOAIX. The ne % of sec. 32 township 96 range 27, Wesley district, if taken at once. For particulars address to FRANK W. WALKER, 26-tf 313 Gait House, Sterling, 111. Beggs" Little Giant Pills are the best pill on the market for constipation, indigestion and all derangements of the liver and bowels. Each package contains nearly one-oalf more than the ordinary pill packages, but sells at the same price. Directions with each package. For sale by F. W. Dingley. 34-37 MONEY to loan oh chattel security. 24tf E. V. SWETTING. IKVINGTON, Iowa. April 7, 1891. Kotice is hereby given that sealed bills will be received by the undersigned until MayGth, 38!>i, for building a school house and out buld- iugs in Irvington township, on the S. AV. corner of sec 1-95-2S, according to the plans and speci- lleations which will be on lile in the County Auditor's ofllce after April 11,1891. JOHN UAFFKEV ) J. L. LLOVI> \ Com, C. B. HUTCHINS ) . 37-yi KOSSUTH CO. MARKETS. Market reports from every town in the county published regularly eacli week. Beports from Wesley and LuVerno aro made Tuesday evening. Keports Irom \Vhittemore, Bancroft, Burt and Algona made Wednesday uiormng. To Correspondents: Be careful to <iuote tlie prices actually paid the day the report is made. AtGONA. Oats $ .48 Corn 48 Eggs 18 Butter 18: Cattle.$3.00 @ $5.00 Hogs 4.30 Wheat 85 Barley 55 Flax 1.05 Potatoes 75 WESLEY. Oats $ .48 Corn shelled. .$ .57 Eggs 13 Butter 18 Cattle ...4.00(g5.00 Hogs... 4.00@4.25 Wheat 85 Barley 60 Flax 1.05 Timothy 1.00 Hay, loose 7.00 Such as Overcoatings, Suitings, Coat and Vest Goods, also White and Fancy Vesting, and Trousering, I have the latest style of ENGLISH WORSTED for Lady's Jackets And woolens suitable for boys' suits. I make lady's dress buttons in three sizes, price per dozen 20c, 25c and 30c. Silk and Satin, lOc extra per dozen. To the Farmers: Buy your own Woolen goods and Trimmings; get your goods cut, let your wife or daughters make your clothes; thereby you can save money and promote home industry. Ambrose A. Call, J>. H. HutcWns, J. O. Blackford, President. Vice-President. Cashier. FIRST NATIONAL BANK, OJ'Algona.Iowa. M^-OAl'ITAt $50,000.00. Money uUva.ys 011 hand to loan at reasonable rates to partle* wlio can fumisli first-class security, Directors—Ambrose A. Call, D. H. Hutcliius, J. O. Blackford, Win. K. Ferguson, C. B. HutcMiis, Pliilip DorweUer, A. J>. Clarke. BUUT. Oats $ .45 Corn 50c @ .55 Eggs 14 Butter 16 @ .18 Cattle $4.00 Hogs HOD @$4.gO Wheat 00 Barley .50 Flax 11.00 By,,,....... 0.00 M. Z. GROVE. <JOHN GROVE LIVERY, FEED, AND SALE STABLE 0urria<$es. Best of Horses West of ^

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