The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on April 1, 1891 · Page 3
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, April 1, 1891
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Imi-itfirmiinw r-rni. ml —-• -__i- - • _-._ TO BE MAGNIFICENT. flhe Splendid Buildings of the World's Fair. To Visitors thn Columbia J5.tpo.tlt)Oil's Superb Grounds anil Great, Imposing Structures Will Present n Spectacle of Surpassing Mcauty. Many thousands, no doubt, have begun to be curious as to how the buildings nml grounds of the Columbian exposition will appear—what sort of a spectacle they will present. A bird's- eye view of the site and buildings, and fl, series of cuts or drawings showing the elevations of the several structures and their ground plans will soon be issued. Without waiting for all of these, however, Mays the world's fair directory a general idea can be given. CIIlCAdO A SIGHT IN ITS1CI.F. The first'sight-seeing which visitors to Chicago in 1808 will do will be, of •course, of the city itself—of its great, wide, busy thoroughfares and its magnificent buildings, ten, fourteen and •even eighteen and twenty stories high. To see this great, throbbing commercial heart of America, this marvelous joiing giant among the chief cities of the world, even though he does not spend the time necessary to inspect it thoroughly, will alone amply repay the visitor for going. But a second surprise will await him when he catches perhaps forty or fifty of them, constituting a veritable village of palaces. Here, on a hundred acres or more, beautifully laid out, will stand the buildings of foreign nations and of a number of the states of the union, surrounded by lawns, walks and beds of flowers mid shrubbery. How many of them there will bo cannot be stated yet, but it is certain that they will be numerous and will vary greatly incize and style of arthitecture. They will be ranged on wide, curving avenues, will include some of the most ornate, costly and palatial structures and constitute perhaps the most inter csting portion of the entire exposition. In the western part of the group will stand the Illinois building, 400x150 in size, and costing £°.50,000. It will be severely classic in style with a dome in the center and a great porch facing southward, in this portion of the park, too, will stand the fine arts building, which is to be a magnificent palace costing half a million, .lust south of the foreign and state buildings may be observed a considerable expanse of' the lagoon, with inlet to the lake, and encompassing three islands. On the largest one will stand the United State., fisheries building, 700 feet in length and flanked at each end by a curved arcade connecting it with two round pavilions in which will be aquaria and the tackle exhibit. This building, designed by Henry Ivcs Cobb, of Chicago, will be in the Spanish style and con- Showing TropoBOd Improvements for World's Columbian Exposition 1S93. Ms first glimpse of Jackson and Washington parks and the magnificent array presented by the exposition buildings. Beautiful as was the site—the Champs de Mars—and its approaches, and captivating to the admiration as were the graceful and imposing edifices at the Paris expositions of 1878 and 1889, it is believed that they will be surpassed by those of the Columbian exposition. The Chicago site is four times as large and has a frontage of two miles on lake Michigan, the second largest body of fresh water on the globe. The buildings will cover twice the area and cost twice as much as did those in Paris in 1889. Alone they will cost nearly fifty per cent, more than the total expense attending the Paris fair. The best architects in this country have prepared the plans for the several buildings, and the structures they have designed will exhibit the highest achievements of American architecture. A MAGNIFICENT SITE. More than 84,000,000, exclusive of the cost of the land, has been spent on Jackson and Washington parks, in laying them out and beautifying them. Another million will be spent in improving the former, which will be the chief location of the exposition. Additional lawns, terraces, flower-beds, rustic seats, walks, drives and fountains will be constructed; statuary will be placed at conspicuous points; the spieuous because of a liberal use of color. UNCLE SAM'S EXHIBIT. A little farther south, across an area of the lagoon, will be the United State, government building, measuring 350x 420 feet and having a dome 120 feet in diameter and 150 feet high. It will be constructed of stone, iron and glass classic in' style, cover four acres anc cost $400,000. In it will be a very complete exhibit from the several federal departments, etc.—war, treasury, agri culture, interior, post office, navy Smithsonian institution and national museum. On the lake shore east of its building and in part in the intervening space, the government will have a gui battery, life-saving station complete with apparatus, a lighthouse, war bal loons, and a full size model of a $3,000, 000 battleship of the first class. ThL will be constructed on piling alongside a pier, being thus surrounded by water and apparently moored at a wharf The "ship" will be built of brick and coated with cement. It will be 348 fee long, 69 feet wide amidships, and will have all the fittings and ap paratus that belong to the inos approved war vessel, such as guns turrets, torpedo tubes, torpedo nets and booms, boats, anchors, military mast, etc., and a full complement o seamen and marines detailed from tin, navy department. The visitor arriving by steamboat will pass very near anc THE ILLINOIS BUILDING. lagoon will be enlarged by sinuous tranches; and the lake beach will be made a charming resort for visitors. BY THE WATKK BOUTK, The most delightful, probably, though toot the speediest means by which the Visitor may reach the exposition .grounds, will be by steamboat on Lake Michigan. A ride'of six miles from the .embarking point at the Lake Front park, with the towers and gilded domes of the fair buildings constantly in sight, will take him there. When abreast of the sight, a grand spectacle of surpassing magnificence will be before him— the vast extent of the beautiful park; the windings of the lagoon; the superb array of scores of great buildings, elegant and imposing in their architecture and gay with myriads of flags and streamers floating from their pinnacles and to were; and towering above, them • ail the lofty Proctor tower. In the ""legror " /fp " obtain an excellent view of the shor< portion of the government exhibit. H will probably see also, anchored near by, a Columbus fleet—a reproduction as near as may be, of the one witl which the great discoverer sailed from Palos—and also a goverument revenue cutter and one or two torpedo boats. THE OKEATEST OF ALL. Steaming by the government exhibits the visitor will come abreast of thi largest building of the exposition—tha of manufactures and liberal arts. I will measure 1,700x800 feet, with tw< interior courts and at its center a grea dome 850 feet in diameter. Surround ing it on all sides will be a porch twi stories in height, affording a delightf u promenade and a view of the othe buildings, of the lagoon, alive with row boats, gondolas and pleasure craf propelled, by electricity, aM of grounds generally, TMs bHiJdjBf»w <rf fssash vmx is After passing this immense itracture, which will be three times as large as the largest building at the Paris exposition, being nearly 400 feet longer and twice as wide, and covering more than 31 acres, the steamboat will drop alongside the pier. This, as designed by Augustus Ht. Gnudeus, of Paris, will be a thing of, beauty and a source of much ejijoyment to visitors. Two parallel piers will extend from the shore about 400 feet where, taking outcurvos, they will partially inclose a circular harbor, from the center of which will rise, on a great pedestal, a commanding statue of Columbus or of the republic. On the embracing portions of the piers will stand 44 exquisite, isolated columns, representing the 44 states, each one bearing over its capital the coat of arms of the state it symbolizes. Beyond the harbor, the north or main pier will extend out into the lake to a total distance of 1,500 feet, taking there a deflection several hundred feet to the southward, and having at its extremity, rising from the water on a stone foundation, an immense Greek pavilion, 200 feet in diameter, gayly colored and adorned. Here visitors may sit and enjoy the cooling lake breezes, listen to the finest music, and obtain a magnificent view of the great exposition buildings and other shore attractions. A VISTA OF SPLENDOJl. From the pier, extending westward across the park, will be a long avenue or court, several hundred feet wide, affording, Chief Burnham says, "a spectacle unparalleled in the world—a marvel of architectual grace and sublimity, an exposition in itself." To the right, at the entrance of this grand avenue, will be the great manufactures building, and farther back the other attractions already referred to. To the left will be the agricultural building, measuring 800x500 feet, designed by Architect McKim, of New York . This, Chief Burnham says, will be a "dream." It will be severely rectangular in form, but made elaborately ornate with statues and other relief work. Its cost will be half a million. Between this and the huge manufactures building juts a branch of the lagoon. All down this grand avenue, encompassing a beautiful sheet of water, will stand imposing buildings, along the majestic facades of which will sweep the gaze of the visitor until it rests upon the administration building- of the exposition, which terminates the vista nearly a mile distant. Upon traversing the "long walk," as it may be called, after ho famous way from Windsor castle to Ascot, the visitor will find it a veritable Bois de Boulogne or Versailles in point of beauty of effects produced by landscape architecture and gardening. Passing the agricultural building, the visitor will come to the great machinery hall, which lies to the westward of it and which is connected with it by a horseshoe 'arcade doubling a branch of the lagoon. It will be nearly identical with it in size and cost, but will differ from it considerably in appearance, being "serious, impressive and rich in architectural line and detail," Chief Burnham says, "and the best work of its designers, Peabody & Stearns, of Boston." TIIE ADMINISTRATION BUTLDINQ. Opposite machinery hall and north of it, in the center of the "long walk," will stand the exposition administration building. This will be one of the most imposing, and, in proportion to its size, the most expensive one of the large structures. Richard M. Hunt, of New York, president of the American Institute of Architects, is its designer, and he has made it stately and simple yet exceedingly striking in appearance and an excellent representative of Italian renaissance. It will cost 8650,000, be adorned with scores of statuary figures and be surmounted by a gilded dome rising 250 feet, or about the height of the Auditorium tower. In it will be the offices of the national commission and the local directory and the headquarters of all the numerous officials connected with the management and regulation of the exposition. To the northward of the administration building, on either side and facing the grand avenue, will be two more immense buildings, one for the electrical and the other for the mining exhibit. These will be about equal in size, covering each a little more than five acres and a half. Both will be of French renaissance. The former, designed by Van Brunt & Howe, of Kansas City, will be the more expensive, however, costing 8650,000; while the latter, designed by S. S. Beman, of Chicago, will cost 5350,000. The board of architects has declared that both will be exceptionally imposing structures. A TOUCH OP NATUBE, North of these buildings in the main lagoon will be an island of twenty or thirty acres in area. It is the intention to have this kept as wild and primitive as possible. There the visitor may wander through a miniature "forest primeval," pathless and untransformed by art, and may hunt the fragrant wild flower, or the saucy chipmunk, and generally commune with nature in its native haunts. Proceeding from the admini&a-ation building still farther westward, or, more accurately, southwestward, the observer will arrive at the railway facilities for the arrival and departure of visitors. Six parallel tracks will sweep into the grounds in a huge circle at the extreme southwest portion, entering and leaving at nearly the same point. Around this loop the trains, in arriving and departing, will sweep- at intervals of a few minutes, and the depot accommodations will be so extensive and well arranged that it is believed there will be almost no confusion or crowding. Within this loop made by the railway tracks will be the machinery annex—a huge building covering several acres and containing the overflow exhibits from machinery hall with which it will be connected by subways. Within the loop also will be the main power house, from which power will be furnished to such buildings on the grounds as require it. To the south side of the grand avenue, Is avast open expanse which will be devoted to the live stock exhibit. Here immense stock buildings, a show ring, and whatever else will contribute to the success of the live stock feature of the exposition will be constructed. Jackson park resembles a right- angled triangle in shape. The visitor has tlius far, on his tour of inspection, traversed the lake shore or hypoth- eniise of the triangle, and across the southern end or the base. It remains only to turn towards the north and note the structures ranged along the perpen- dicultir. The first one arrived at is the transportation building. This will bo Roinnncsque in style and one of the largest of all, measuring 1,020x200 feet, exclusive of a great annex in the rear. The transportation building, together with the depots, will cost ,151,000,000. North of this will be the horticultural building, another immense structure, 1)000x150 feet, with three domes, one at BENEFITS OF PROTECTION The American Nation Rendered Prosperous by the Tariff. Kloqneitt Onitioii by Kx McKlnlny, of Ohio, on Federal Taxation imd .International Commerce. TIIK PROCTOR TOWEB. each end and a larger one at the center. This will be constructed chiefly of glass and iron, and will cost 8250,000. PRIDE OF THE LADIES. ^ Still farther north and directly opposite the park entrance of Midway Plais- sance, will stand the women's building which, it is expected, will be one of the chief objects of interest on the grounds. It is to be 400x200 feet in dimensions, two stories high and will cost §200,000. The exterior design will be furnished by a woman architect. Here the lady managers will have their headqiiarters and here will be collected a doubtless wonderful exhibit illustrating the progress and attainments of women in the various branches of industry. HIGHER THAN THE EIFFEL TOWER. Passing the woman's building the visitor can turn towards the northeast and inspect the foreign and state buildings in the northern portion of the park of which he is supposed to have caught a general view from the steamboat deck, or he can turn sharply to the west into Midway Plaissance and ascend the Proctor tower. This will be constructed of steel and be 1,050 feet high or about 100 feet higher than the Eiffel. From its top the view obtainable of the exposition grounds and buildings and of the great city lying to the northward will be magnificent beyond all doubt. West of the tower, along the Plais- sance and overflowing into Washington park will be a large and curious aggregation of structures, including probaMy LIBERTY 11AISIXG THE WOULD." [A suggestion from California ] some of the foreign and state buildings, and many of semi-private construction, and of a nature which cannot yet be described. Almost innumerable structures and exhibits, such as reproductions of famous buildings, etc., most of them novel and striking in character, have been proposed, and it is not yet possible to tell how many or which of them will be erected. That there will be an astonishing array of them there can be no doubt, and un« questionably some of them will be important and exceedingly interesting features of the great fair. All of the important buildings will stand on terraces four feet above the general park level, thus greatly improving the general landscape effect and rendering their own appearance more imposing. From scores of domes aud towers and minarets, flags and streamers will be floating, and both the exterior and interior of the buildings will be "warm" with a !ib$**l display Of color. The beautiful park with its nMurniflcent array of- architecture, present one of the Kx-Congressman McKinley, of Ohio, was accorded a great reception at Mechanics' hall, Worcester, Mass., the evening of March 33. Among those present on the platform were .Senator George F. Hoar, Mayor F. A. Harrington and ex-Gov. J. Q. A. Brackett. Congressman Joseph If. Walker presided at the meeting aud introduced the speaker, who said: Fellow Citizens of Worcester: I am grateful for this most generous greeting, which tends, if anything, to relieve the fatigue of my long journey. I feel it as a reception to the republican party. I have come to speak earnest words on a great public question which affects every citizen of the country in his earnings and his investments, and has to do with the happiness of every American home. I have come to talk about federal taxation. This is no new theme. It has affected American statesmen from the beginning of the government, and it will probably vex them as long as the government lasts. The first question that confronts any government is, how shall the money be raised to meet its necessary experises. To carry on our govern aent it takes $1,000,000 every twenty-four hours. It is purely a business question, and is to be done by direct or indirect taxation. The government cannot create money. Its only assets are public lands. Its only way to revenue is to get congress to levy taxes. Congress may tax you directly—your lands, incomes, earnings or profession, or it can raise it by a tax or duty on foreign products. It can tax its people by what is called internal taxation, or it can tax other people seeking a market in this country. Both political parties are agreed that internal taxation will not do. It is inquisitorial and to-day remains only in force on spirits and tobacco. The di?ergence between the parties begins just beyond their agreement that their money must be raised by what is known as a tariff. There arc two plans. The first is that which looks for revenue, and for revenue only; the other, while looking for revenue, is at the same time protective, with due regard to the occupation and industries of our people. The one is a tariff exclusively for revenue, and is without regard for our enterprises; the other has a thought for the interests and business of our people and their protection. Maj. McKinley illustrated this point of his speech by an allusion to the manufacture of glass in this country. The object of a revenue tariff is realized when it has the lowest rate that will call out the greatest importation of products. It imposes its duty upon goods which cannot be produced at home. The protective tariff is the burden, duty or tariff on foreign people, encouraging our own people in their industries and employment by laying it on articles that enter into competition with home manufactures. A revenue tariff is always paid by the consumer. This cannot always be said of the protective tariff. They say that protective tariffs are paid by the consumer; they forget that revenue tariffs are never paid by anyone else. Ah, but they say: "Why isn't free trade, a good thing?" It is, if you are finished and completed; if you have stopped growing. B ut here decay steps in. They say: "There is free trade between the states with sixty-two millions of people. Why not with all the world?" They forget that we live under a different government from every other government in the world. It is because we did not want any European ideas in it that years ago our fathers broke away from British tyranny, and set up for themselves on a plan different in every way. We are different from every nation of the world. It is this that makes us the greatest nation of the world. Why should we have free trade with other nations? We can't reach any other nation. We can't tax it. The foreigner is exempt from all duties of government. Tell me why he should enjoy the privileges of citizenship in the United States and its markets. Our population is five per cent,, or one- twentieth, the population of the globe. We consume in many products a third of all produced. We propose from this time forward to manufacture more of what we consume. [Reference to tin production brought out tremendous applause.] Major McTvinley spoke of the accomplishment of the Fifty-first congress, saying that no democratic majority in congress that will be ele cted in the next ten yetu-s will be able to repeal its work. The treaty with Brazil gives a foreign market. We have practically got free raw material, for a private citizen can buy his raw material abroad, pay a tax on it at the custom house, manufacture it in his factory, and the government will refund ninety- nine per cent, on the manufactured article, keeping one per cent, as its percentage for handling goods. Protective tariffs do not build a Chinese wall around the country, for in single years since 1879 we have exported more than in seventy-one years from 1790. We can have free trade, perhaps, when other nations bring their labors up to our high standard, for we will never descend to theirs. [Applause.] it is said that the protective tariff takes from the many to pay the few. There is no country in the world where wealth | is more widely diffused, or where more | homes are paid for than in this. We ! have no quarrel with Great Britain. j We are to work for the best destiny of our pation. We permit every nation to make their own policy. We want no interference from any nation of the j world, and we will have none. [Loud ' applause.] Shall we turn from the splendid prosperity we Ivavegot? Jtis unparalleled in history, our progress i» thirty years of protection hat done. Shall it be changed? No! If a change ever comes it will not come ffoftt school men or theorists. Nothing I caii say of the new tariff can help it* Nothing its enemies say can hinder it. Its operations alone can do it hurt. The platform upon which Benjamin Harrison was elected president. He is as good a president as we have had in years. Has fulfilled all its pledges save one, and that the republican con* gress passed, and it was not the fault of Senator Hoar that it did not go through the senate. The conscience of the country will not be allowed to sleep till the liberty and suffrage of the people is respected and every part of the country has equal rights. USE OF THE TOADSTOOL. That Despised Plant Answers a Good Many Useful Purposes. A thoughtless man, strolling through the woods, caught sight of a cluster of giant toadstools growing at the foot of a tree and began to slash them with hia walking-stick. "Now, what on earth did you want to do that for?" asked hia thoughtful companion. "Why, they're no good. They're poisonous, and unsightly too," replied the cane-wielder. "Well," retorted the thoughtful man, "they're one of the most useful things that grow. They are excellent proof of the old chestnut that everything in nature has its use and value to man." '_'lt's the first time I ever heard it," said the thoughtless man, dubiously, whereupon the thoughtful one at the very first opportunity took the thoughtless one into a big city drug store. Heaped high in a glass case on one of the counters were hundreds of odd shaped things that looked like pieces of chamois skin. It was odorless and as soft as velvet almost to the touch. "What are they?" asked the thoughtless man in surprise. . 4 "Dried toadstools," replied the thoughtful man. "Nobody ought to be without them," chimed in the druggist. "There isn't a better simple cure for nosebleed known than a bit of toadstool thrust into the bleeding nostril. Toadstools make excellent dressing for certain kinds of wounds, are highly valued by surgeons, and are inbigdemandinhospitals. Germans use toadstools exclusively as pipe-lighters also. The dried fungus makes perfect tinder. It is cut in long strips, and these in turn are clipped at the edge in a sort of fringe and tipped with phosphorus and sulphur just like match heads. By rubbing the fringe against any rough surface, it ignites just like a match and burns like punk. If you thrust a bit into the bowl of your pipe you can light the tobacco with ease in the highest wind in the biggest storm. In fact, the harder it blows the better your pipe will light. Hunters and fishermen find this sort of match much preferable to any other. A dried toadstool makes a curiosity, too, for it is astonishing how few people know what it is when they see it."—-Chicago Times. ARAB GUIDES. Their Incapacity for Wood or Plain Travel. It is not a little singular that the Arabs of the desert are far inferior to the natives of America in the faculty of finding their way through woods or over plains. They are apt to be nearsighted at the best, and often have tha additional misfortune^of diseased eyes. In her account of the "Bedouin Tribes of the Euphrates," Lady Blunt speaka of this incapacity of Arab guides. We were no sooner out of the wady, and on the table-land again, than we- found ourselves in a thick fog, which would have obliged us to stop if we had been without a compass. By the compass we determined the direction, and then kept to it by the wind, which blew from behind upon our right ears. It, is curious how little faculty the Arabs have of finding their way. Their course seems to be directed entirely by what, I believe, sailors call "rule of thumb." Once out of their own district, they are incapable of pursuing a straight line by the sun, or the wind, or by any natural instinct. They travel from landmark to landmark, and almost always in a zigzag, which costs them, many a mile. Here they had to depend entirely upon us for the direction of El Haddr, a place we had never seen or heard of till two days before; and our knowledge of its position, though simple enough to us, seemed very marvelous to the guides. When the fog cleared, as it did in the coursu of the morning, they saw, to their surprise, El Haddr straight in front of them. It was still many miles off, but our course had been correct. I think this fog was a fortunate circumstance, as it raised us in the eyes of all our following, who now professed full faith and confidence in my husband.— Youth's Companion. A Modern Theory. Small Boy—Our history says that dur» ing the reign of Tiberius a man was put to death because he discovered hpw to make glass that wouldn't break. What did Tiberius do that for? Father (whose family burns kerosene) —I suppose Tiberius was a manufacturer of lamp chimneys.—-Good News, Before au OKI Master. Mr. Gaswel (in an art store)—-Seems to me that's an awful price to pay fop an old picture like that. Mrs. Gaswel—The picture is rather ol<;t, to be sure, but the frame is new.^» N. Y. Weekly. A Cawe of Real PUlre*». Tommy—Ma, yon must get ms a n«r pair of shoes. I've got a hole Jo on« of my shoes. Mother—Is it a big hole? Tommy—Well, J lost my „ through it this morning going to j —Texas Sittings. No Indirection About It> He—She evidently married hj$| spite. She—Do yon think «»? Bo.t«llm*

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