The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on March 18, 1891 · Page 8
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 8

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, March 18, 1891
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Fan and Stock-Yard. JAMKS WILSON, Kill tor. (Ideas are solicited from our farmer readers. Queries wilt tie answered. Address to the Editor, James Wilson, Truer, Iowa.) ALGONA, IOWA, March 18,1891. There ate three ways In which nations acquire wealth. First, by conquest, which Is robbery, second, by commerce, which is usually swindling, third, by agriculture, which Is the true and principal source of national wealth.—Benjamin Franklin. We now export as high as 466 cars of cattle in a week. Our export butter is about all oleomargarine—70,000,000 pounds a year. Sixty-four millions of American people would make a fine cheese market if cheese of an acceptable order had opportunity to cultivate our tastes. We predict a considerable decrease in all farm animals by the next annual census, owing to excessive sales during the winter, and repression of increase. Oil cake is getting .into universal favor with eastern dairymen who must buy feed. Maybe western people will learn its economic uses soon and feed it themselves. An eastern farmer says they have robbed their soils there and must fertilize, while the western farmers bring their soils by robbing to the need of fertilizers. Then they can compete again. Nothing increases our home markets so fast as general prosperity among our own people. All Europe with five times our population does not use twice as much butter as we do. Whatever helps any American industry, increases the home markets for choice farm products. The Dakota farmers are finding profit in sheep. The mild winter has enabled to winter cheaply on the native grasses, so the winds are tempered to the shorn lambs. If the Dakota farmers give attention to mutton sheep they will make more money than by growing wheat. The Tennessee experiment station finds that ten pounds of clover hay of the first cut with a given ration of meal will make a pound of gain, while 54.6 are required of the second cut with the same grain ration. Chemical analysis failed to discover an appreciable difference in the two hays. The second crop salivated the steers^while the first did not, but no ex plaiiation of this is given. Homestead, hae ibeen telling us About The practical farmer knew that other crops grew well after clover and did not bother his head about the reason. Dairymen are discovering that the clover hay is good to feed with corn for milk, and observing farmers haws noticed that clover hay is good for growing animals. This discovery is valuable in many ways. There are a class of farmers who read and learn and improve. This will suggest the value of clover to them in keeping up the fertility of their acres. An old writer said that wheat and horse beans alternated would keep land good for a long time. Beans have the same power as clover in this respect. Practical farmers seldom tell their experiences, and their wisdom dies with them. Scientific .£acts live forever. The about organized farmers do not agree some abstract propositions like loaning government money on real estate, but they entirely agree about honest food, suppression of trusts and combinations to make money through exclusive privileges on education and industrial co-operation. They differ very little on questions relating to the home and those who debauch it.' In fact, the great public jury gives sensible verdicts on Avell- Under-stood question. The people on the black, w.axy district of Texas are crying out about the deterioration of their richest soil. They say they got forty bushels of wheat to the acre some years ago, but now they get from fifteen to twenty-five an acre. They urge their agricultural college to set about testing and experimenting with soils, plants and rotation so as to arrest this depletion of their best soils. As population increases and soils become poorer it is high time to have general laws established whereby this waste may be stopped. We are surprised to read of the black, waxy district of Texas becoming barren, but bad farming will have that effect on any soil. It is only a question of time. The southrons have robbed on their latitude as we have on ours, and it has been a race west with both sections. We struck the desert on the Plalte about the time they reached the Arkansas and the Brasos. Happily both sections are thoroughly alarmed and awake to the dangers of the situation. •sum up we must have some company—to .our liking. Sick'oml IS SO The dairy movement in Iowa thoroughly in the right direction that it will never be abandoned. It is the right way to begin to make the farm pay. The pig naturally follows to get good of the butter milk or separated milk. The steer is a matter of course if the the farm is one of Iowa's average farms with more capacity for growing grain than farms in other States. The mare follows to do farm work and raise colts. Thus around the cow the necessary farm departments array themselves. Xo State can beat us dairying. The northwestern stockmen have organ ized and sent Representative Woods, of Webster county, to Chicago to sell for them. This will succeed if the packers do not discriminate against them. It will be interesting to watch the experiment. Mr. Woods is a good man and will learn the ways of Chicago. If they do not give him fair play it will be very interesting to hear the story. It is a step that luis before. The world' naturally, and most all that is therein, regards all that is therein, regards all movements of farmers to shake off robbers ang leeches and barnacles as very wrong and very revolutionary. Stealing directly and indirectly grows into assumed tability. Breeding animals require just now special care. There is little wonder that so many colts, calves and pigs are lost in their advent into the world when we have not established among us as household words what feeds are best for the dams. The practices of older countries are very different from ours in this regard. We feed what we have, what is readiest, what is cheapest, and as corn is the cheapest we feed it, feed it to mares, cows, ewes, sows and everything. This'is not done elsewhere. People who can not grow corn rarely buy it for pregnant animals. Corn is not a complete milk ration, and the feed of the dam should have a tendency to the secretion of milk. Hoots during winter are grateful to all animals, but we arc not yet a root growing people, even as a medicine. A little oil meal is good for breeding animals within two weeks of coming in, and if fed in small ameunts it is good at all times during pregnancy. Such amounts as fatten are dangerous. Quietness is necessary to them, and very gentle usage should be regular. Exercise is imperative. No pregnant animal should be kept housed up. The French cattle show just held shows great improvement in the breeds of that country. Crosses between Shorthorns and the best French breeds take most premiums in that line. They have crossed their Merinoes with their Leicestcrs so as to improve their mutton features, and the difficulties they meet in making the first crosses show how tenacious old establised breeds adhere to their characteristics. They could not succeed in getting thrifty crosses with the Leicesters until they destroyed the force of the long established current of French blood by crossing them with other kindred French breeds, and then the Leicester cross made the desired impression. The demands of commerce for mutton compelled this as the same demands are compelling our farmers to seek mutton breeds and make wool incidental. They make prize pigs out of the Yorkshire, showing that they have much to learn about the hog. They have breeds of cows that beat the Jcrsy and Ayrshire in the dairy, and we think it possible that it would be worth the while of importers to look into this. A red and white Shorthorn cow took the prize in the breeding list. A native bull was first in the same list—one of the famous Limousines. THK MA.IBY VETCH. The Mark Lane Express has & vary interesting account of a new forage plant, "The Hairy Vetch." It gets Information from France concerning the plant. It yields 20,000 pounds the first cut, and 1,800 pounds the second. This of course, is the result of high manuring, but it is remarkable that a plant with high culture in France will yield so well that has such valuable feeding qualities. It is reported to have 20 per cent, of albumenoids, while the ordinary vetch has about 14, and red clover in the same table is put 12.3. Iowa is greatly interested in such plants. One of the great living farm problems of our day is what to feed with corn to get milk. Cora fodder is valuable, but it does not come early enough in the season, while vetches can be cut early if the pastures are scant. Eed clover is a fine plant to feed for milk and to growing stock, but this plant is twenty- live per cent, richer in albumen than red clover. We need annual grasses that fit into our system of pasturing and that will make good hay, but we especially need forage plants that can be grown in heavy crops that measurably take the place of oats, red clover and other plants of such natures. One such plant added to our list is worth untold millions to western farmers. We have the one grandest plant in man's knowledge for fattening—the corn plant. But we require plants to feed with it that will make complete rations in addition to what we have. Besides, plants of this nature are the soul of a rotation system. The leguminous plants by some undetermined method furnish the soil with what it requires to grow other crops. The more plants of this nature we can add to our list the better. In fact we must keep in close relationship with the legumes, or sterility will certainley conic. Our agricultural department at Washington can do the nation no greater favor than set the foreign consuls at work inquiring into the forage plant of foreign countries. re spec- Spring work will soon begin in the sunny side of Iowa. The farmer has a field for corn that is more or less foul. Let the harrow do its perfect work before planting, and the day after planting start the cultivator and go over it, covering the seed bed thoroughly. As soon as the corn is well sprouted, harrow again. Then as soon as the corn is up begin with the cultivator and let the little furrows meet among the corn, stopping to uncover when necessary. See to it that this first rending is well done, as no future cultivating will mend a bad job. Let every stranger in Iowa remember that he has to learn how to grow a crop of corn. Especially has he to learn how to set a cultivator to go through the first time. We would not trust Elaine nor President Harrisen.uor Gladstone nor Bismark to plow corn the first time without having on Iowa farmer boy to show them how. It is a fine art—like the making of fine lace, or breaking a heifer to milk, or keeping permanently the good opinion of your wife. A perusal of the report of the department of agriculture shows increased interest in sheep and increased destruction by dogs. Perhaps the only method of educating the average man away from the dog will be a closer association with sheep. It will change his nature. The sneaking liking of some people for worthless, sheep-killing dogs is a queer development in a Christian country. There is no excuse for coon dogs for there are no coon, nor for bird dogs, because the game birds are mostly dead and gone. New- foundlands and other big brutes represent each 400 H,s of lost pork a year besides the mishief. True, they are real useful in rescuing children from watery graves if one had a pond handy and the children would be accommodating and jump into it, which is doubtful. Iowa has many a thousand dogs, and dog services are very HATSKEI) AND MUr>SIIX. There are many moves going on to change social conditions. Some want all law and abolished; others want the family relation done away with. Still others want the State to do most things for the citizen he now docs for himself. Capital is moving to get the federal constitution modified so that States can not interfere with corporate earnings. The farmer wants trusts, combines, and privileged classes reduced to the level of the average citizen. The farmers are likely to have their way, as their philosophy is parallel with common sense, common law, the "Sermon on the Mount," and some other old-fashioned things that have become household words the world over. We have the very rich and the very poor, the very good and the ignorant. There is no difference except in degree between the desires of the trust forces and the anarchist forces. Both are utterly selfish. Between these dangerous forces we find the mass of people that find their inter ests best subserved by entire fair play for everybody and privilege for nobody. The millionaire has protection through this class, and the anarchist, restraint and education. The privileged classes that grasp are feeling discipline from the insistence of the common people who find all interests best subserved by fair play and favors for none. It is not a new struggle, but it is more hopeful than the world ever saw it. The demands of the organized farmers may not always be the best thought out remedies, but they all aim at the redress of grievances. They demand money straight from the government, and the greenback proves that such money is good policy. They ask for free coinage of silver, and the only question as to its wisdom is whether our country alone can mantain equality between silver and gold. They ask loans from the government because they see the surplus loaned to the bankers. They ask the taxation of mortgages because they see taxes laid on visible property alone in our land, while incomes are taxed elsewhere. They reason that the money power is fallible because all its predictions about gold leaving the country if greenbacks remained in our currency system as silver where coined, were utterly refuted. The farmers ami other workers are thinking for themselves —thinking honestly—have war to the finish with the selfish elements about them —those who want to retain privilege and those who want more of it. those who desire to overturn our social fabric through gross ignoraace of it, or through vicious education elsewhere. We think that the social fabric would go over but for this conservative middle class of workers in field and shop. It is the duty, then, of all good citizens to help these saviors of the Republic to mend their philosophy instead of sneering at the hayseed and mudsill. They are the only hope of the Republic. and others who bought made the money, Many farmers ate now holding corn and looking for bigger prices. What Is the lesson to be leafned? It costs from 17 to 25 cents a bushel to grow corn, owing to the richness of the land, about 22 cents on-an average as we grow corn. Others may reach other conclusions. Now when corn will not sell for 22 cents it sells below cost, and will surely come up. When it sells for more than 22 cents it sells above cost and will eventually swing down, because low prices deter production and high prices encourage it. When corn sold a year ago for 18 cents it was certain to rise; when it sells for 40 cents now it will surely come down, sooner or later. We leave out all allusion to feeding corn, and confine our inquiry to growing and marketing. Great crops that re duce prices and short crops that enhance them are unusual, and averages only worth nothing. The farmer who raises corn to sell is justified in borrowing money to hold his own crop when it is decidedly below cost of production, and does a speculative business risky in the ex trernc when he holds corn away above the cost of production. When prices are very low, all things work together to bring them up. For example, hog products are very low—down below the price of the corn that makes them. This will deter from feeding and breeding and open up greater and more markets the world over for pork. To sell beyond the necessity of the farm is folly because these influences will certainly bring hogs up. Farmers on an average are holding corn that is away beyond cost price, and selling hogs very short that are away below it. It is true that hogs must go when they are ripe, but the fact that millions are being sold when they are not ripe insures low prices until axhaustion of supplies come about. If we look at home consumption of grain and the replacing of manure back to the fields as a factor, selling hogs and corn do not pay, while feeding hogs and corn at present prices would pay. Few farmers have come to that point in farm economy, and when they all do, as they all must, panics to sell cheap product will be much rarer. As long as we grow corn to sell we are more liable to violent fluctuations in prices of it and what it makes. If it were more a factor in the production of something else, the meats and dairy products for example, its price would be determined more from their prices, and when all farmers refuse to rob their farms of the refuse that should go back from the feed yards, prices of meat and dairy products will become more uniform, as well as the prices of everything made from grain. SAI/H. Having rented my farm, I will sell at Public Sale at my place, five miles northeast of Algona, commencing at 10 o'clock sharp, Wednesday March"25, 1891. 28 head of horses, mares and colts, from 1 year old and upwards. Mares in foal. Grades from one-half to seven-eights Per- cheron and carefully bred. One span of mules. 20 cows, 13"head of heifers, Durham bull two years old, about 50 head of shoats, a new steam cooker and steam clothes washer combined, chickens and turkeys, 1 D. M. Osborne binder, 8 mowers, walking sterring plow, riding stirring plow, 3 corn plows, 2 harrows, 1 Union 12-foot seeder, new Star planter with Check rower, 160 rods wire, Acme stacker with two hay gatherers, 2 hay rakes, bob sleigh, combination buggy, single buggy, 2 wagons, sulky, pair trucks, 3 sets double harness, 2-hole hand or horse sheller, f ail- ning mill, shovels, forks and other farm tools. Wood heating stove, gasolene stove, bedsteads and spring beds, chairs, dishes, and other household goods too numerous to mention. Free lunch at noon. Terms of sale:—Sums under $5 cash On other sums from one to two year's time given, if desired, on notes with approved security at 8 per cent, interest. 5 per cent, off for cash. It. J. HUNT. D. A. HAQCAUD, Auctioneer. HgfTOwing to the inability of Mr. Haggard to cry the sale on the 26th, as first advertised, the sale will occur the day before—Wednesday the 25th. Take no tice and tell all your neighbors. A New l''ml in Ulimcrs. A quite new fad is the progressive dinner party. Instead of seating all the guests at one table they are divided up into parties and seated at small tables around the large central table. Then very much the saino rules which are in vogue for progressive caxfl parties are observed. You are rung up at a certain course and move to another table. This is all very nice when you are talking to a stupid neighbor, but not so agreeable wlieu you are deep in a delightful flirtation which is abruptly terminated.—New York Cor. Chicago Herald. PERILOUS SLEEP WAuKrNO. Down Art Inclined Trestle in the Dark* nc»», Clad In ttightrolie and Slippers. Early one morning recently the soiith was the scene of a remarkable case of somnambulism. Offlcor David Smith left the Twenty-eighth ward station at about 3 o'clock; and was proceeding- homeward along Carson street, when, at the Fifteenth street corner, he was startled by what at first appeared to be ah apparition from another world. A nearer approach showed that the figure was that of a young girl clad only in a dainty frilled nightgown and slippers. The wind blew keenly, but the lightly clad girl did not seem to regard the elements in the slightest degree. Officer Smith advanced toward the girl, and saw by her staring, sightless eyes that she was fast asleep. At this moment the sound of quick steps was heard, and two men came down the street at a rapid pace. Officer Smith recognized Max Eoizenstein and another resident of the hill, whoso name he did not know. Reizenstein rushed wildly at the girl crying, "Louise! Louise! why don't you waken?" But the somnambulist didn't appear to hear his words. Tho policeman then caught the girl gently by the shoulders, preventing her onward progress, and requested the men to tell what they knew about her. Reizenstein declared that they had noticed the girl, whose name he said was Louise Liebendorfer, passing in her nightgown along- Virginia avenue, near tho top of the Knoxville incline. Curiosity induced them to follow her, when to their horror they saw her step from the bluff side to the ties of the incline and begin to descend the perilous slope. For a moment they feared that she would lose her balance and fall through the spaces to the jagged rocks below, but seeing that she held on her way downward without any misadventure they decided to run around by the steps and stop her at the incline depot. On the way they caught occasional glimpses of the fragile form, clad in a fluttering nightrobe, and stepping from tie to tie with apparent ease. In point of fact, the girl was too quick for them, for she reached the foot of the incline before they didj and continued her way down Fifteenth to Carson street, where she was met by Officer Smith. Meanwhile Miss Liebendorfer's eyes had opened, and the girl, who was really pretty, looked shudderingly around. As soon as she recognized her surroundings she hid her face and begged in pitiful tones to be taken home. The officer took off his overcoat and wrapped it about the poor girl's shivering shoulders. Then he escorted her to the Twenty-eighth ward station, where the matron supplied her with a skirt, stockings and a warm cloak. Special Officer Thomas Richards was then deputed to escort Miss Liebendorfer to her home on Virginia avenue. The Liebendorfer house was visited, and the aged Mrs. Liebendorfer found at home. She said: "Yes, it is all true about poor Louise. I have heard from several people about her wonderful walk down the Knoxville incline. She has done much stranger things in her sleep. When we lived in Virginia she twice swam the creek while fast asleep." One of the incline officials was interviewed with regard to the length and danger of the incline descent. He said: "The incline is, at the very least, 1,000 feet in length,. It appears to me most extraordinary how any human being could successfully descend it, especially at the hour mentioned, which is tho very darkest part of the night. At some places the incline rises to over fifty feet above the rocks. Quo false step would have precipitated the girl upon the roclcs beneath."—Pittsburg Dispatch. NORTHERN IOWA NORMAL SCHOOL! Algona, Iowa. This institution offers superior advantages in the follow* ing particulars: It has three full, rounded, courses of study: Business, Academic, and Normal, Its aim is thorough, practical work in all branches taken up—nothing slighted, nothing done for show. It makes a specialty of fitting Teachers for their work, and has succeeded so well that it has more calls for qualified teachers than it can fill. Its Academic students are admitted, without examination, to the leading institutions of the state. Its work is endorsed by Co. Supt. Carey, and superintendents of other counties send to us for teachers. It offers cheap board, low rates of tuition, the personal acquaintance and influence of the faculty. Further information furnished on application to H, B, McCQLLUM, A, E, Prin,, Algona, Iowa. Spring Term opens March 31. 23-20 THE MUTUAL Life Insurance Go. of Net York RICHARD A. McCURDY, PRESIDENT. Statement for the year ending December 31,1890- Assets, $147,134,961 29 Reserve on Policies at 4%, Liabilities other than llcserve, Surplus, ..... Receipts from all sources, Payments to Policy-lIoiaorR, Risks assumed, 40,188 policies, Risks iii force, 200,055 policies, $130,608,868 00 505,350 82 9,081,238 88 04,078,778 GO 16,078,200 05 160,985,085 68 638,226,805 24 THE ASSETS ARE INVESTED AS FOLLOWS: $76,520,231 72 Real Estate and Bond £ Mortgage Loans, United States Bonds and other Securities, .... 51,311,031 54 Loans on Collateral Securities, 8,024,400 00 Cash in Hanks and Trust Companion at interest, - 3,550,441 50' Interest accrued, Premiums Deferred, etc., .... 7,133,250 35 $147,154,001 20 I have carefully examined the foregoing statement and find the same to be correct. A. N. WATERHOUSE, Auditor. From the Surplus above stated a dividend will te apportioned an usual. A German chemist finds that nitrogen is prepared for plants by little animals forming bulbs on clover roots. This is the theory that Dr. Wallace, of the rare of any kind. They might turn the churn, but they won't be around at churning time. It may be edifying to see them chase teams going past, just as some folks like to hear of bad luck to their neighbors. There is no real reason for keeping a dog except to kill rats, which very few dogs will do. One cat is worth all the dogs in a township for rats. Of course we would not deprive the mover who moves most every spring and back every fall of his yellow dog. It is such a protection to him against Indians this side of the Missouri. The dogs are healthy and sheep have tape worm. Who ever heard of au unhealthy dog? Really, to 1 Sorosis in Bombay. Tho Bombay brunch of tho Sorosis club has increased to 130 members, and is about to apply for admission into the federation of clubs. Its members congregate to discuss gravely parliamentary questions, the lives of noted women, technical training, and other equally serious and advanced subjects, in "saree" of wonderful eastern stuffs, in the most delicate shades, with borders and fringes of gold. These Parsee ladies are justly celebrated for their beautiful jewels and rich robes.—London Letter. Marriage on Wheels. James Cummings and Miss Sue Howard adopted a novel way of getting married at Independence recently. After procuring a license from Deputy Recorder Packard the young people drove in a buggy to tho First Baptist church on Nortn Pleasant street. Here the young man got out of the buggy, and entering the study room of the church and showing the license, told the pastor, the Rev. Mr. Maiden, to follow him. The minister did so, and was somewhat astonished when the young man got up in his buggy and told the reverend gentleman to proceed with the ceremony. Mr. Maiden asked the young lady if she understood what she was doing, and on her replying that she did pronounced them man and wife. At the conclusion of these unusual proceedings the minister was handed a fee, and the newly married couple drove rapidly away. The young people gave their residence as Jackson county, but no one in Independence had seem them before or knew anything of them. They offered no explanation to Mr. Maiden, and he asked few questions.—Kansas City Times. The business for 1800 shows INCREASE over that of 1880, ns follows: Iii Assets, $10,753,033 18 In Itesorve on Policies and Surplus, 10,554,001 04 InBecelnls, 3,850,75007 In Payments to PoHcy.JloldcrK, 1,772,501 07 In Kishs AHNUMOU, 4,C11 pollclm, 0,388,502 21 In lllsks in •;•»:- -. ' : • • 1': H-.M 7i,270,031 32 E. J. RUSSELL,, Gen. Agt. Mason City, Iowa. Agexrts Wanted. E. W. PEET&CO., St. Paul, Miun., Managers for Minn, and Iowa. SEIXING. A writer in a foreign farm paper reflects upon farmers for selling at a loss, any crop. There are two sides to this, and a middle ground. Let us look back a little for illustrations. The crops of 1889 were very abundant. Corn was sold at 18 cents in our locality, and oats at 15 cents a bushel. Now corn sells for 40 and oats at 37 cents a bushel. The prices at present are a little above what shippers to Chicago could afford to pay, but they are prevaling prices. It is easy to see that if farmers had held the crops of 18S9, they would have made money after paying current interest. Farmers did not hold, A Princess" Youth. The Princess of Wales is said to be the youngest looking woman of her age in England, and to owe the wonderful preservation of her youth and beauty to her ability to take a little sleep at her will, a power which she is able to call to her assistance even for a five or ten minute interval in the rush of her many duties. She seems like a Bister to her three tall daughters, and a sister but slightly in advance of them in years.—London Letter The Countess Edia, whose beautiful singing as a priina donna made her the morganatic wife of the late Prince Ferdinand of Portugal, was once a poor and obscure Boston girl named Elise Heuslcr. She has adopted Lisbon as her home, and is adored by the Lisbonese, i.moug whom she spends in charities almost the entire income of her fortune of 80,000,000 francs. Slio Was Not a Connoisseur. One of the green clerks in Buffalo's largest crockery store sold a> plate before Cluistmas to a woman customer. The plate was marked $125, and the clerk charged the customer $1.35 for it. The one hundred and twenty-five dcllajr mark meant that the plates are worth that much a dozen. Great was the dig- may of the clerk when the mistake was discovered. But all's well that ends well. The day after the mistake occurred in came the customer with the ten dollar plate. She didn't like the plate— didn't think it was quite good enough. She wanted something better. She was accommodated with a two dollar plate. —Buff alo Express. A Kansas Mayor. Mrs. Salter, the mayor of Argonia, Kan., is now administering the affairs of that town for her second official term. She is said to be a nervous looking and timid little woman, but it must be considered that besides attending to her public and social duties she has done all her houshold work, including washing, ironing and cooking for a family of five, and during the past year she hasjncreased her faiajlv from five to 4* THE COMPLETE LIFE OF GEN. WM. T. SHERMAN By GEN. O.O.HOWARD. Now in press, printed in English and German.. The best opportunity ever ottered aueiits, Out- lit only 35c. Send for it at oiice. Sold only by subscription. Liberal terms. The Columbian Publishing & Purchasing Co., Houkery Building, Chicago. 23-26 A pamphlet of information andab- btructof the laws, showing How to Caveats. LEGAL BLANKS o FOR SALE—o OFFICE

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