The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa on March 18, 1891 · Page 3
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The Algona Republican from Algona, Iowa · Page 3

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Algona, Iowa
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Wednesday, March 18, 1891
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THE REPUBLICAN. BTAlttt A, ItA.T-I.OCK, I»nbH»Uer«. At.GONA, IOWA. THE KATYDIDS. When the shades of summer twilight feH. upon tho tf red land, t used to shovo the evening's work off »n tb« hired hand; And to the great vibe-covered porch I'd quickly tnko my (light, .And there I'd all and listen to tho voices of th night. Watching the slowly shading skies thro' sloep half-closed lids, Td listen to the clamor «f tho quarrelsom Katydids. •That was when I was but a boy—a little olde grown, :I sat ono night upon another's porch bealde our own; •While tho prettiest girl la all the land sat Tor close to mo. 1 oft before had noticed what ripe, red lips hod she- Well, that night I summoned courage, »»d when tho moon wivs hid, I whlnporcd: "Katy, kiss me" and—don t breathe it—Katydid! Twas long ago—she's now my wife—and still I love ts sit tlpon the groat vtno-oovored jorch ksfore the lumps are lit. I still can watch tho stars come »ut in the slowly dark'ning sky, .And see the evanescent sparks of fireflies flashing by; > But above the din and racket ef ft 1« ef noisy 3 can hear but very little of the ohlrping Katydids. —Yankee Blade. UNDERGROUND. The Wonderful Experience Three Silver Miners. of HERE were twelve of us miners, all Amerieans and all practical workmen, who e w n e d what was called "The Brother Jonathan Mine," in Mexico. We bought the site of a Mexican, and tho names of several imaginary natives appeared in the list of stockholders to get around a legal obstruction then on the Mexican statute books. The site consisted of four Imndrcd feet east and west on the face of .«,.mountain, with license to dig back as far as we pleased. Instead of sinking 1 a shaft from the surface of our claim, -we drifted right -into it from the front, just as a farmer would dig into the side •of a hill to make an outdoor cellar. Everyone of us twelve had an active hand in the daily work, for we had no spare capital to hire with. On the Fourth of July, 1803, made more memorable by the victory at Gettysburg, our drift was sixty feet long and was shaped as follows: From the entrance to the. "T" was sixty feet. At this distance we en- .countered such a hard mass of rook that we turaedato the right and left as represented. Each angle of the "T" was about ten feet long. The curve in the main drift was to work around some hard rock. As we tunneled in we were obliged to use a great many wooden props as far as the beginning of the curve. After this but very few were needed. We had decided to observe the fourth as a holiday, and after breakfast two or three of the men got out our blasting powder and fired salutes. Later on in the forenoon one Trent to town, a •couple went off hunting, and «»eh was free to do as he wished. At ten o'clock I went over to the mine. It was part of my duty to inspect the supports and put in x>ther» when naeded, and I was going to give the drift a careful going over. There were two men in the storehouse at the entrance of the mine, and as I started in two others, named James Hart and Thomas Dean, came ,up and said they would go in with me Each of us took a lamp from the shelf .at the entrance. At the further end of the cre«cent we spent some ten minutes in rearranging ad occurred. Every tliinf? was all right until we had. piv«-j:l the crescent. Then we found the way blocked. It was just twonty-nine feet from where we stood to the mouth of the tunnel, and every inch of the way had been filled up' with rock and earth by the cave-in. As to what had caused the disaster wo ware in ignorance, and remained BO for many days, but I will tell the reader in advance. The men outside felt that patriotism demanded more salutes, and they arranged a loose rock on a bowlder to act as two anvils do when used for saluting. A keg of blasting powder was takes from the storeroom and left in the doorway of the mine. At the same time a miner, who was looking for some article, was lifting much of the stuff stored there. When the salute was fired _ a spark was in aomo manner communicated to the keg of powder and there was a mighty explosion. Most of its force rushed inward, tearing out the supports and l««sening rock and dirt. But for the crescent or turn in the drift, all of us would hare boon killed and every foot of the mine filled up. We found at our feet the following articles: One can «f butter. ©«9 katohet. Twe can* cendsnsed milk. One ckiial. Tw« j».irs rubbar boots. Ono tl» cup. Various pieoes »t rope. "BoyH, the mine has cared in and we are lost!" said Hart, as we stood in the drift staring at the debris before us. "God help us, for we shall never see daylight again," added Dean, and then we turned back and went to the end of the drift and «at down. My lantern w»s the only light we had, and we sat for ten minutes without speaking a word. Then Dean, who was a professed Christian and a church member,dropped on his knees and began to pray. His words gave us heart, and when he had finished we began to talk «f the situation. The rush of air which had brought tho articles named from the mouth of the mine pointed to an explosion of powder, but • we could only guess at that. We know the distance to a foot, and we know just how many supports had been blown out. You may reason that twenty-nine feet was not far to dig through loose earth, but you are wrong. Every support blown down would be twisted and splintered and bent, and.act aa a binder of earth and rock. It would be easier to dig through two feet of *»M eartk than through one foot of this chaotic fill-in. We had nine companions outside, and of course they would make every effort to rescue us, but we could not tell how affairs had gone at the mouth. Perhaps the explosion had brought down an avalanche of rocks, trees and earth from the mountain side, and it would tako a week to clear this away. We gathered tip the articles blown back to us by the explosion, and then took an inventory of everything we had. We found that our three lamps held oil enough to give us light for about thirty hours. There were five or six picks, as many shovels, and we had two plugs of tobacco, about fifty matches, and a pipe and some smoking tobacco. "Men have been far worse off than this," said Dean, as our inventory was completed. "There is water dripping down here to quench our thirst, and the three of us could live for a week onbooi leather alone. We should be thankful that it is no worse." We went down to the block and took another survey of it, but got no encour agement. As we were not suffering for ah- we knew that some little channels had been left whereby it could come to us. We might close those up if we attempted to work' through the block. When we went back we decided to begin a new cut. Remember, we wore sixty feet within the bowels af a hill four hundred and eighty feet high. Chere was fully three hundred feet of rock, dirt and trees above our heads at ihat moment. Our only hope lay in a new cutting, and in being able to finish t before our strength gave out. When our plan was decided on it was to do this: THBBB WA« A «I«HTY 1CXPLOSIOH. post, and then penetrated baok t« each end of the "T." We had been in the mine tfcree-qusrters of a» hour, and were about to start for the entrance, when there name a mighty rush of air and all of us were picked up and thrown down with considerable force, while all our lights were instantly extinguished. \Ve divined at on«* what had occurred, but it was a minute or two before a*y of us moved. Deau was tfc* first to tpeak, crying w*ti ia * cfcoke* voice: "Heaven help us, but there has been It great cave-inl" a match, $$$ l <|$|!0^4 my It was, when described in words, to begin at the left-hand branch of the "T" and cut a straight tumnel out to daylight. It would be no longer than the other, and if we met with no great obstruction it would be two or three feet shorter. It was long past noon before we reached this decision, but before going to work we took a solemn vow to share aad share alike as to work, rest and the provisions. There were two wheelbarrows In the mine, and we had plenty of r«om behind us to store the dirt I was to have charge of the provisions, and I made an estimate based upon an imprisonment of ten days. The only articles which. could come under the head ef provisions were the butter and the milk. There was two pounds of the former and two quarts of the latter. We hadn't an iota of biscuit or lour, and, like all other miners, were hearty eater*. Every man in our camp had at least two pounds of meat a day, saying nothing of bread, butter, potatoes, beans, coffee, rice and other things. Wf were thankful, however, that it was n» wei-se, and about four o'clock in the afternoon we began work. The tunnel was not to be so high or wide as the other, but only large enough for us to squeeze through. To follow us through each hour of the *ext several cays would be tiresome. When we had cut into the bank two feet we found a big bowlder and h«4 to n it. Then we found a solid ledge, and were brought to a standstill. For the first four days we worked twelve hours a day. Then, a» we Vegan to grow weajter, we decreased the hours to ten. We were not aa sharp-set for food as might have been expected. This was probably owing t» the confinement, If we had had powder, fuse and drill*, we could have made fair progress through the rock, but aa it was we had to use the chisel, hatchet and the picks. On the fifth day of our imprisonment we h,a4 grogx«8sed only low feet while I h^ estimated at the butter and about ft tea^poonful of th« milk, but after the fifth day we had to reduce these rations. Believing that we would be reduced to extremities, we took two pairs of the leather boots, cut them into strips, washed and Bcrapedthe fragments, and then buttered them and laid them away. On the eleventh day we had progressed only nine feet, and each one of us had become so weakened that no one could handle the <pick above a quarter of an hour before being obliged to rest Out lights had gone out on the second day, and we had worked in darkness most of the time since. By untwisting a rope and using a little of the butter we had made a toy torch, but this we lighted Only at rare intervals. For the first three days we were all unusually talkative; after that each one grew sullen and morose. I had no fault to find with either of my companions, but I simply didn't care to speak to them. After ''supper" each one bunked down where he pleased without a "good night." and at seven next morning we came together without a word. It was on the fourteenth day that we had recourse to the leather, and for dinner each man had a piece about an inch square. We chewed it as one docs a quid of gum, and it tasted as good to me as the best beefsteak I ever ate. When we knocked off that night we had progressed thirteen feet, and now had a more favorable soil to work in. This put us in good spirits, and after supper I heard Dean's voice for the first time in four days. He suddenly said: "The Lord's ways are-full of mystery. If He so elects we will be saved. I am going to ask Him to restore us to the world." He prayed aloud for five minutes, and as he prayeel I felt my heart grow lighter and the feeling of moroseness go away. We began to talk in a cheerful strain, asking h©w each other stood it and I have always believed that that prayer was the turning point in our situation. I had resolved that very afternoon not to do another stroke of work, being clear discouraged; but now I would have been willing to labor half the night. To show you how queer human nature is under certain circumstances, I will relate that all of a sudden Hart broke out with: "Say, boys, I want you to promise me something." "Well?" "When we get out 1 «2B to have six biff crackers and four slices of pork fried brown!" As true as I live, we refused to promise him! The idea that he was to lave such a meal as that, or even ,hought of it, made us jealous, and we wouldn't agree to it. We had gone down to the block three or four times a day, always hoping to near something from our friends outside, but the report had always been the same—nothing new. We felt sure they would try to reach us, and as they had everything to work with we couldn't 'understand the delay. We were all pretty cheerful on the fifteenth day; but after that we relapsed into the old moo'd and had nothing to say. On the nineteenth day our tunnel measured twenty-five feet in length, but we had I then become so weak that we could hardly lift the tools to strike a blow. That night I served out the last of the leather, and I told them it was the las* as I handed each man his bit in th« darkness. "Heaven help us now!" groaned Hart, as he fell to weeping. "Man! Man! We are in the Lord's hands!" chided Dean. "We can surely keep up for three or four days yet, for we have the rubber boots left." Next morning we did not go to work. T was so weak that I fell down as I got on my feet, and the others did not even attempt to rise. On this morning none of us felt hungry, and I reasoned then that the end was near. So did Dean, and he said: "Comrades, help will come, but it will come too late. We shall ba dead by to-morrow. Let us make our peace with God!" I seemed to fall asleep again soon after ..that, and when I next opened my eyes I saw lights and strange men and heard strange voices. Help had coma and it had come in time. Our rescuers had not ceme in through the block, nor had they connected with ottr tunnel. They had tunnelled in to strike tha right hand end of the "T," and though working night and day, had met with many obstructions to delay them. We were at once carried out, but it was a full month before any of the trio could again lift a pick. Dtean lost twenty- eight pounds in weight, Hart lost twenty-six, and I lost thirty-one. We were all sure we had tunnelled in a strath line for the base of the hill, but wliei the men came to inspect it they founc it running as follows: NEEDS OF WESTERN FARMERS. He Mnut Have a Home Market—Then He Will (let Goort prices—Above all Our Industries Must be Diversified. The following extract from a paper read by the Hon. Joshua Wheeler before a 'meeting of the State Board of Agriculture in Topeka, Kan., on January 14, should be carefully read by those who look for a remedy for agricultural depression to the National Treasury, and hope to see farmers made rich by a simple act of. legislation. Mr. Wheeler has evidently given careful study to his subject. He shows that the farmers' troubles are due principally to natural causes, and points out to them that their remedy must be to work their lands with a view to getting rid of the overproduction which has been the cause of low prices, and hence of all agricultural ills in recant years, lie says: "We believe it would be to the interest, of the farmer to have a greater variety of stock. We ought to raise mutton and wool as well as beef and pork. We think Kansas ought to be a wool- growing State. We import more wool of all grades into the United .States than w« raise. Our imports of wool are worth as much as our exports of wheat. Why not raise more wool and less wheat? Why ship our surplus wheat to Liverpool and bring back wool from Russia, South America and Australia? And why not do something toward raising our own sugar? France supplies her own people with sugar, and a large amount for export, made from the beet. Experiments made! in our own State and Nebraska indicate that the growing of beets for the making of sugar will prove a success. Encouragement should be given to every enterprise of this kind. Whatever gives a greater variety to farm crops or that develops a new industry should be of interest to the farmer. "With the present facilities for transportation, the American farmer has no monopoly of the markets of Europe for his products. Thirty years ago the idea of shipping wheat from India to England was never dreamed of. The opening of the Suez; Canal shortened the distance between the two countries 10,000 miles, and to-day wheat is regularly shipped from Bombay and Calcutta to Liverpool. I am no prophet nor the son of a prophet, yet I believe whenever the Western farmer gets SI a bushel for his wheat it will be for home consumption, The present indications are that the shipper can not pay that price for wheat to put upon the Liverpool market. The London Miller predicts that "with better railroad facilities and better implements in India, American flour will be driven from the English market." So while it is true that exports of beef to England have increased of late year (we send them the best beef of any country in the world), yrt the price ha been reduced by reason of imports o frozen mutton from Australia and bee from South America. The New Yor Tribune of January 7 quotes America dressed beef at SK cents per pound; th best steers at 11@13K cents, dressed weight (equal to about 6 cents per pound on foot), in the London market, but a few years ago they brought this price in the Kansas markets. Such is the competition the American farmer has to contend with to-day. It seems to me there is but one hope for us—that is, to diversify our industries, so as to increase our home consumption, until eventually all American products will be consumed by American workmen upon American soil." aver 30,000,000 tons tho n,ffgn % CTfite carried on all the railroads of the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Russia in 1889. Commodities arc interchanged among our own people with greater facility and at cheaper rates, distance being 1 considered, than in any other country on earth. • The increase of national wealth and prosperity, largely due to this system of Protection to our home markets and domestic trade, and to the generous development of these instrumentalities of commerce, has become the marvel of the world. Take a few comparisons, based upon the United States census of 1880, and \vpon figures furnished by Mr. Mulhall, the English statistican: In manufactures we exceeded Great Britain in 1880 by $1,579,570,191. Franco by $2,115,000,000, and Germany by SV 805,000,000. In products of agriculture we excelled Great Britain by 81,435,000,000, France by $025,000,000, and Germany by S'.Wo,000,000. Our earnings or income for 1880 from commerce, agriculture, mining, manufactures, the carrying trade and banking exceeded those of Great Britain from the same sources by $1,250,000,000, France by $3,395,000,000, and Germany by $2,775.000,000. Our increase of wealth from 1.870 to 1880, as compared with that of other nations, was: United States 913,573,481.403 Great Britain ?'?&ffi TPranrn l,4i.'>,(K Germany.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.' 3,085,000,OUO In 1880 our home markets consumed about $10,000,000 worth of our own products, an amoxint equal to the entire accumulated wealth of Spain, three times the increase of wealth in Great Britain for ten years, and seven limes the increase of France for the same period. Our home markets that year ibsorbed five times as much of our manufactured products as Great Britain xported of hers to all the markets of lie world. PITH AND POINT. American and British Prices Contrasted. Here is a table showing comparatively the prices for farming implements here and in England. The English figures are taken from our Consular report: PEICES OF AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS IN AMKRICA AND ENGLAND. low Prices on Farm Products are Determined. The size of the crop is the thing that letermines the size of the prices. There a demand for a certain amount of arm products from year to year, and he prices rise or fall as the supply sinks >elow or goes beyond this demand. The theorists may talk as much they please ibout other influences, but the question is at last only one of quantity. The world must have so many bushels of grain per year, and it will pay therefor simply so much as it is obliged to, considering the available surplus. There is no process of legislation by which additional sales can be forced when the demand has once been supplied; it is not in the power of Congress to compel purchasers to take more than they want, or to give more than they are willing to pay. The fact that the crop of a given year is in excess of the measure of consumption can not be concealed. It is known everywhere, and prices are adjusted accordingly. When ihe crop is short, the same rule applies and the markets are correspondingly affected. If the farmers could manage to produce only enough each year to meet the known demand, they would always obtain just and fair prices. It is over production, in other wotds, that puts prices down for them, and they can not expect to have prices kept up for them under such circumstances by any sort of artificial force. — St. Louis Globe Democrat, December 20. Farmers Vote for the McKlnley Bill, The New England Homestead, of Springfield, Mass., and the Farm and Home, of Chicago, have made a canvass among the farmers for the purpose of obtaining their views upon the new Tariff bill and reciprocity. The result most gratifying to Protectionists. ' the —"Patience" should be taken G& monument and put at the end of a phone.—Washington Post. I —Beds that are music boxes ate Insw, in Switzerland. They play sheet Ifttt* eic, I suppose.—Texas Sif tings. _J —The average man would rathe* tNK. lieve he is right and suffer than be ed»" vinced he is wrong.— Atehison Globe, j —A Parisian wit once defined estp8» rience as a comb that one became {k>8» sessed of after having lost one's haif. —Speed Needed.—The man who e» pects to out run a lie had better start with something faster than a bicycle.-"* Ham's Horn. —It takes a smart boy to tell a lift successfully. If he tells it unsuccessfully his father is apt to make him smart. —Somerville Journal. —"Theirs was a case of love at first sight." "Why didn't they marry?** 'They changed their minds at second sight."—N. Y. Herald. —Sanso—Women are wedded to fashion." Blood—"Yes; and they love, honor and obey it cheerfully.—N. Y. Herald. Love makes the world go round, but it finds it impossible on occasions to induce the girl's father to nome round.—St. Joseph Gazette. —I rather like to bronk ft bill— I'm jrenerouB, you see, Hut oh I I take It very 111 Whcn'er a bill breaks me. —There is no solitude so miserable a» that of the man alone in a noisy city unless it be that of a man alone with a. noisy baby.—Elmira Gazette. —His Heart is Safe—Mrs. A.—"Your husband employs a type-writer girl, I ' understand." Mrs. B.—Yes, but she's homely as can be."—Yankee Blade. —Of the making of books there is no end, and there never will be so long as publishers can persuade hopeful authors to pay the cost of the first edition.— Somerville Journal. | —Playwright—"Then you think myj play is a good one?" Critic—"No, Ij think it is about as bad as it can pos-j sibly be. What I said was that it' would draw big houses.—Boston Trans-', cript. • i —"I've had a good deal to do with the' ( jury-box in my day," exclaimed a sher-, iff after a recent murder trial, "but I' never before saw a jury-box like those^ fellows did in their scrimmage about' the verdict."—Boston Courier. ', —After the Last Act.—Sig. Ham—'Did you see how long I paralyzed the audience in that death scene? By George, they were crying all over the house!" Stage Manager—"Yes. They knew you weren't really dead. —He Was Mistaken.—Customer (to a ChicagOjMerchant)—"Let me have a can of electricity, please." Merchant— "What? Are you crazy?" Customer— Not at all. Does not electricity come in canned essence."—Inter-Ocean. —A Dream to be Stopped.—He— "Philosophy teaches us marvellous things." She—"Indeed?" He—"Yes. For instance, it teaches' that I am merely a dream existing in your mind ir—, but why are you pinching yourself?" She—"I'm trying to awake from the dream."—N. Y. Sun. SHEPHERDS ON STILTS. PRICES IN ENGLAND. is There were 110,000 responses question asked, as follows: to AUTICLES. One-horse steel plow. Two-horse steel plow. Pototo digger Two-horse mowing machine Horse rake Reaper Reaper and binder... Hay tedder - 6000 3500 13000 45 00 $10 00 $14 85 $15 6J 2000 11 00 So SO 11 41 119 5f 04 00 1330 76 64 88 40 124 80 249 CO 60 00 17300 We were doubling right baok on our track, and if left to . ourselves, even with plenty to eat and good health, might never have got out.—N. Y. Ban. Riviera Flower-Girls. From Marseilles all the way to Bordighera and Ban Eemo the traveler's ears are haunted by the mellow cries of the flower-girls who fl«cjf to the railway stations, race-courses, theaters and operas to sell their lovely wares. They are always b»reheade4, and neatly and modestly dreeeed. They h»ve deep, luminous black eyes, glittering 1 teeth and pale faces, on which the sun has placed a kind of golden lustre. All oi them -tre skillful »t bargains and one must never offer them more than one- kalf they at first ask fw » bouquet—N. Y. Journal. —Not Quite tihe Same.~Ardffp (meeting friend *t door of Old Bullion's pri vate office)—"Hello, Pedunelel Let 1 go in together- We're on the sama business, I'll bet. I want to negotiate a loan." Peduncle (who he* designs on Old BuUics,'* dawghter)—"So do I. I want to negotiate eione, This table completely destroys the tfree Trade argument. We have been protecting all the machines mentioned and England has not, and if Protection raises prices and Free Trade lowers them, as the Democrats allege, how under the sun can it happen that farming implements are cheaper here than in England? In an address delivered at the Farmers' Congress, in Chicago, in 1887, the Hon. Thos. H. Dudley, of New Jersey, formerly our Consul at Liverpool, made this pertinent statement: "Something over three years ago I attended the National Agricultural Exhibition of France It was held in Paris, and a grand exhibition it was quite worthy of the great nation it represented. I spent four days at the Exhibition, There were fourteen or nfteen acres of ground sovered with farming implements, tools, ma- jhinery, etc. All tho exhibitors had thair price lets upon their exhibits, and I was careful to obtain copies of them. The lowest-priced horse rake was 850 francs, or *B1 of our money. You can buy one just as good in any town in the United States for $37. The lowest-priced mower was $103 In our money, and was no better than we sell for 460, if as good. The lowest-priced reaper, without the bind -r, was $185, no better than ours for $110. The plows, harrows and cul tlvators were twenty per cent, above the price that they are selling for in the United States. There was not a hoe, fork, shovel, spade or rake on the ground but was dearer in price and Inferior In quality to ours." Witt the New Tariff Help American Farming as a Whole ? Tti. 80,879 18,437 10,818 1.405 3,773 350 1,506 57,253 No, 9,408 13,651 O.S-'S 901 3,5'i3 116 3,841 39,133 Evidently farmers are not yet convinced that they are the poor tariff oppressed fellows of the Free Trade "reformer's" fancy. Argentine Wool. We commend the following to the consideration of the free wool fanatics: In 1853 the number of sheep in the entire Argentine Republic was 5,500,000, Our Domestic Trade aua Home Market. [From Secretary Windom's Last Speech.] One or two comparisons, will convey ] some idea of our stupendous internal commerce. The tonnage which passed through the Detroit river alone during the 284 days of navigation in 1889 exceeded by 2,468,127 tons the entire British and foreign tonnage which entered and cleared at London and Liverpool that year hi the foreign and coastwise trade. The freight which passed through the St. Mary's Falls canal in 1890 exceeded by 2,257,870 tons the entire tonnage of all nations which passed through the Sue? Canal in 1889. The freight carried on rauroajls pi United States i» ym exceeded by but with the refinement of the wool a foreign market sprang up, and in 1860 the munber had increased to 14,000,000. Then followed our Civil War, which caused an unprecedented demand for foreign wools, and sent the price up to fabulous figures. Everybody that could raise money enough to buy a flock of sheep went into the business, and in 1867 the number of sheep was estimated to be 40,073,312. In 1877 it had reached 48,498,088, and in 1888 it was 66,701,097, according to the official estimates. It has a larger number of sheep than any other country in the world, Australia following with 58,052,180, and the United States with 48,333,831. There are mil- liens of acres all through the vast interior and running along the Andee away down to the extreme limits of Patagonia, which, whatever else may be said of the country, can be used for sheep and cattle pasturage, and as the inside lands become too valuable for sheep and cattle ranges, but must be employed for farming purposes, these outside "camps" will come into requisition for pasturage. Already, with the progress of agriculture, the sheep and cattle are moving farther and farther out, and, with the development of the country, we may ultimately expect They Mount Them from the Hoof of » Cabin and Use Them All Day. The Landes, the great savanna ol France, which stretches from Bordeaux to Eayonne, is a region similar to tha Bad Lands of our own country. Many vain attempts were made to induce tree* to grow upon it. At last one M. Bre» montier conceived the idea of planting. with the pine seeds, the seeds of the common broom, wtose hardy tuft should protect the tiny sapling until it could stand by itself. The result surpassed hope; pine forests have sprung up and endured" throughout the Landes; they hava broken forever the power of the wind . storms, and their pitch and timber are* even a source of some riches to the det , partment. There is one striking specialty of thi* district, writes Mr. Edwin Asa Dix. This is the shepherd on stilts, the Xicanque, immortalized by Rosa Bon* heur, and mentioned by many travelers.' He is peculiar to this region. Perched on these wooden supports, at a perilous heig'-.t above the ground, he stalks gravely over the landscape, enabled t? behold an horizon of triple range, and to outstride the fleetest of his vagrant flock. When so inclined, he is quite able, it is said, to execute a pas scul, oir even a jig, with every appropriate flow ish of his timber limbs, and -vith suifv jrising grace and abandon. His stilts are strapped to the thighs^ not the knees, for greater freedom, le mounts from his cabin roof in early morning, and lives in the a' throughout the day. A third stilt form* us seat, and makes of his silhontfce %, .udicrous and majestic tripod. This genius' chief amusement startlingly domestic; it is stockings, and engaged in this peaceful art, he sits with dignity and whilqft away the hours. How he manenvflff when he accidentally drops a needle, have not been able to learn. A dignitary of Bordeaux arranged fete and procession in the Lande» ( one occasion. Triumphal arches erected, hung with flowers and lands, and the feature of the was a sedate platoon of these like shepherds, dressed in skinf, with white hoods and mantles, ceded by a band of music, and by fours imposingly down march.—N. Y. Journal. «W The professor had one itor, who used to cow' him at his painting. He get rid of him* "You know I'm run dawjj, ors,"hesaid, "and I the door to them- Now, ^^sffssssfffsss. a-i.""*- *"•""**! .« ,T7, •, -ii_ ..i j _«4.4.1« «c.+« n . I ntnT»d it S VOU. , i JS ets, filled with sheep and cattle e/stae- stand Us you- cias. Whatever may be the fate of 1 ?rou4 wool and wool growing i» other eou»- I tUae h* cam* m tries, here it is safe for all time to I o f CQurae," eom«."—Report by B. S, 8a)$e.r, OojJSpl I aj> liuenos Ayreg. 1 "*j^ .A „ .

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