BLYTHEVTLLE (AKK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE nvi Did McCarthy Violate Law with letter' Taken from FBI Memorandum to Army? By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON (AP) — Yes, indeed. Ray Jenkins agreed with Sen. McCarthy that the senator was within his rights in refusing to reveal the name of his informant. So did Sen. Mundt (R-SD), presiding at the McCarthy-Army hearings. Jenkins agreed with McCarthy so fast he must either have thought this problem through before, but on grounds more thorough than he has yet disclosed, or he just started talking without realizing its full meaning. Under oath McCarthy had told the Senate subcommittee investigating his row with Army officials that an Army officer had given him information on spying sent by the FBI to the Army confidentially and intended for no one but the military. . McCarthy not only said he would not reveal the officer's name but used the occasion to promise not to reveal the names of any other employes of the executive branch who might give him information. When Joseph N. Welch, special counsel for the Army, questioned McCarthy's right to withhold the officer's name, Jenkins said McCarthy was justified. But Jenkins, special counsel for the McCarthy- Army hearings, didn't go into the deeper problem involved: 1. Did this officer violate a law by condensing into a 2 I/ 4-page "letter" the 15-page FBI memorandum to the Army on its investigation into espionage at Ft. Monmouth, N.J.? It's not clear yet whether he violated a law or didn't. Cover Up? If it is stated by the Justice Department that this man did violate a law, will McCarthy still refuse to name him? That would put him in the position of covering up for a law violator. 2. Was McCarthy himself in violation of any law CD in receiving such information and (2) in attempting to make that information public at the Senate investigation in order to bolster his charge the Army was lax in Communist- hunting? For, although he was chairman of the Senate committee investigating communism in the government, McCarthy had never been authorized by President Eisenhower or anyone else in the executive branch to receive this information. Whether or not a law was violated, this episode in the McCarthy Army dispute hits the heart of the problem of maintaining orderly government: the separation of powers between Congress and the executive branch of the government. McCarthy says his officer-informant's motives were entirely patriotic in giving him the information. He says the officer thought UNWELCOME MAT STRICTLY FOR THE BIRDS—Communities plagued by pigeons or other bird pests roosting on public buildings or private homes should be interested in the device pictured above. Called Nixalite, it's the latest in pigeon-pushers, currently being tried out in Columbus, Ohio. Like a lot of other "new"' gadgets, it's old. It's just a modernization of the old 19th Century military roadblock called a cheval-de-frise, first used by Frieslanders to stop enemy cavalry. The pigeon-puncturer comes in four-foot sections, each section consisting of a strip of metal tape to which are welded 1920 long sharp prongs similar to kitchen skewers. They stick out in all directions and the maker says they're guaranteed to change a pigeon's "Coo" to "Ouch!" the Army was too slow, or worse, in rooting. out Communists. It's possible the man's motives were malice, revenge, neurosis or something -else not patriotic at all. So long as his identify is secret ,the government may never learn for itself the man's motives. Information Withheld Any orderly attempt by the President to judge what is necessary for the country's welfare— for instance, secrecy on the investigation of spies until the investigation is finished and the spies caught — breaks down if this secret search is revealed outside the agency conducting the search. Former President Truman and Eisenhower have both withheld much security information from Congress for various reasons:: to be sure innocent people are not smeared, investigations messed up, and that congress is not interfering with the work and responr sibility of the executive branch. In this instance McCarthy was defying the executive branch, in effect encouraging other employes to pump security information to him. Atty. Gen. Brownell, asked by the Senate subcommittee if McCarthy's information in this case could be made public, said no, that it involved matters of security. In the face of this turndown, McCarthy again defied the Eisenhower administration by demanding Brownell be brought before the committee to explain. Now Brownell has been asked if any part of the McCarthy information QUESTIONS and ANSWE Q. HOW DID A.A. GET STARTED? A. Alcoholics Anonymous had its beginnings in Akron in 1935 when A New York businessman, successfully sober for the first time in years, sought out another alcoholic and was directed to a local doctor. Working together, the businessman and the doctor found that their ability to stay sober seemed closely related to the amount of help and encouragement they were able to give other alcoholics. For five years, the new movement, nameless and without any organization or descriptive literature, grew slowly. Groups were established in Akron, New York, Cleveland and a few other renters. In 1939, with the publilation of the book, *'Alcoholics Anonymous", from which the fellowship derived its name. It began to attract national and international attention. Eventually a headquarters service office was opened in New York City to handle the thousands of inquiries and requests for literature which pour in each year. Today, less than twenty fears after its conception, there are over four thousand A. A. groups all over the world, with membership estimated at mroe than one quarter million! What the businessman and the doctor really discovered was that "the easiest way to stay sober is to try to help another sick alcoholic achieve his soberity" There is a saying in A. A. that goes something like this: "We can't keep it unless we give it away — and the more we give away the mere we have left" Thus we grow! Box 873 — Blytheville, Arkansas Anyone Interested Invited to Our Meetings Open Meetings 8:00 p. m. Every Friday Night Closed Meetings 8:00 p. m. Every Tuesday Night Club Room over Hardy Furniture Co. E. Main Street — Blytheville, Ark. could be made public. Brownell hasn't answered that yet. This struggle over the security information brought back into rigid focus what may have been lost sight of in the wordy hearings: that "the basic quarrel between McCarthy and the Army is the struggle between him and the administration. Sun Will Explode But Don't Worry BERKELEY. Calif. f/P)—The sun is going to blow up and destroy our entire solar system—but don't fret about it. Dr. Walter Beade of the Mt. Wilson and Palomar Observatories who made the prediction in a lecture at the University of California says it won't happen for a couple of billion years or so. He explained that as Old Sol gets older it gradually changes its hydrogen into helium. When 12 per cent of the hydrogen thus is transformed, he added, things will get so hot the sun will explode and wipe out all planets in its system. Honest Anticipation WEST HARTFORD, Conn. (£>)— Police Sgt. Everett T. Fredin, on desk duty, received a telephone call from a-woman. The utility pole in front of her house, she said, was too close to her driveway. Could the pole be moved, please? "My daughter and I have just learned to drive," she explained, "and I just know that I'm going to hit that pole." de Gaulle's Pilgrimage Ends in Riot PARIS. UW—Gen. Charles de Gaulle's pilgrimage "alone" to the tomb of France's Unknown Soldier touched off a fight yesterday between police and Gaullist supporters. A number of-civilians and 11 police were injured. De Gaulle boycotted the official observance of V-E Day Saturday to dramatize his opposition to the European army treaty. Instead, he said, he would go alone yesterday to the tomb at the Arch of Triumph. Some 15,000 spectators gathered in the plaza around the arch. Almost as many police were ordered out to forestall demonstratitions .authorities feared might grow out of public feeling aroused by the fall of Dien Bien Phu, in Indochina. De Gaulle's visit to the tomb went off without incident. Only moderate cheering greeted the tall and greying general as he wqs driven to and from the arch. But aftei; he left the plaza v ;some 400 persons tried to break through the police barrier and the fights ensued. There seemed to be no ordered direction of the crowd, which finally w.as dispersed. Carrier Weathermaker air conditioners will heat and cool both new and existing homes The Carrier WeathermaTcer air conditioner in thisxloset stands about five leet high, is only three feet square. Yet it is big enough to heat arid cool the average five or six room house. Air Conditioned in'54 Today, there's no need to dream about air conditioning! If you want it, you can have it! And the price is right! Carrier Weathermakers* are now so reasonably priced that they are being installed in homes costing as little as $10,000! And you get your money back in many, many ways! You save on cleaning and redecorating expense. You keep the money you used to spend on trips and excursions to escape the heat. All you give up are sleepless summer nights, sodden days, blasting •fans, lackadaisical meals, and all the dust and noise that formerly-drifted through your windows. Why not let us make a survey of your home? You'll be under no obligation. *RcK.U.S. P»t.0ff. Carrier THE WEATHERMAKER • heats with gas or oil • cools with electric refrigeration • fits in ten square feet • installs in utility room, basement, closet • needs no water •> first name in o/r conditioning CITY ELECTRIC CO. "Serving Northeast Arkansas & Southeast Missouri" 109 South Fifth Phent 3-8181 New Border Clashes Reported Along Israel-Jordan Frontier JERUSALEM. t/B—Three Israeli soldiers and n Jordan farmer were reported killed in clashes along Ihe Israel-Jordan frontier yesterday. Two Israeli policemen were reported missing and believed dead. Jordan officials .said their forces killed an officer and a private from the Jewish nation in repulsing an attack by a band' of 90 Israelis on the Jordan village of Illin, in the Hebron area. The officials said the Israeli band fired on Jordan members of the U.N. Mixed Armistice Commission and its American chairman, U.S. Navy Cmdr. Elmo Hutchison, when they went to Illin to investigate the incident. Kidnap Charges The Jordanians also charged that Israelis kidnapped an Arab farmer and killed him near Zaboa village, in Jordan's northern sector. Across the frontier, an Israeli spokesman said a force of armed Jordanians invaded Israeli territory near Khirbet Ayalin. in the south Judean mountains, wounded two Israeli policemen and took them into Jordan. Later, he said, a Jordan broadcast reported two Israelis — believed to be the policemen — had been found dead on the Jordan side of the frontier. In another statement the Israeli army said raiders from Jordan attacked nn army post in the same area late yesterday with mortars, killing one Israeli soldier and wounding two more before they were driven back across the frontier. Jordan demanded a meeting of the Mixed Armistice Commission, which Israel is boycotting-. The U.N. Security Council also is to meet Wednesday in New York to debate other recent Israeli-Jordan clashes. Read Courier News Classified Ads. LITTLE LIZ* One trouble with the government fs too much overhead and too much underhand. • MA • Jar rubbers attached to the un- dorsidt; of n small rug will keep it from slipping. Only Aspirin At Its Best Turks Watch fteds ANKARA, Turkey (ff) — Prime minister Adnan Menderes says that Turkey i* immune to Russian influence, but recognizes the need of taking precautions. "The Turks, after living next door to the Russian menace for centuries, have developed a natural sense of self protection," he says. 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