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FarmM Stock -Yari JAMJ5S WILSON, Editor. (Ideas are solicited from our fanner readers. Queries will be answered. Address to tho Editor, James Wilson, Truer, Iowa.) , IOWA, March 11 1891. There are tliree ways in wliicli nations ac- fluire wealth. I'lrst. by conquest, wlilcli Is robbery, second, by commerce, which is usually swindling, third, by agriculture, which Is the true ami principal .source of national wealth.— l)en.|aiu In Franklin. If you want to raise the calf by hand never Jet it suck. Either watch early pigs closely when they co-rae or expect to lose heavily. Do not look about for the cheapest fiires but get the best. Nothing else will improve. Exercise brood marcs gently every day before coming in, but do not work them severely. Exports of fine cattle increase steadily find at better prices. Do you feed for that class or for these lower in price? The editors of Rural Life are doing good work. They write about what Iowa farmers think about and talk about. There is quite a change in late j-ears in this regard. The agricultural college at Ames never had so many new students in any year of Us history. Quite a number take the new agricultural course some even coming back from other States where they had gone to study. Cattle are doing fairly well in market, and would do much better but for the glut of hogs that continues owing to the unusual breeding consequent upon the great corn crop of 1880. This influence will cease before many months, surely. Now do not become utterly disgusted with hogs and sell out and rush into something else. Hogs will be neglected now in all Eastern States because they pay less where corn is dearer. Hold a steady hand. Keep up the stock. Hogs will go up again. The last fall and winter has seen a severe culling of herds. In future see to it that as they breed out it is well— better animals. The best pay fairly, while the lower grades lose money. The time is propitious for thorough work in this regard. Sires of all kinds never were so cheap. The German Coach horse is becoming popular. They have style, and our draft horses need that— many of them. They have fair action, and that is a salable quality. They weigh 1,300 to 1,400 pounds. We should inquire into their vaUlo fov breeding a horse, now in much Learn how many of your' COWS give milk with two per cent, of bilUer fats. and upward, and sell all that are below four per cent. It is only wasting feed for sustenance to keep the poor cow. Also notice that old cows give poorer milk, and when they go four per cent. feed them off. They do not pay for butter. If you have invested in a few mutton sheep, be careful about lambing time. Keep the pen warm and feed the ewes something that will induce milk, and watch them closely. Do not remove lambs from the ewes for any length of time. They will disown them. Rather have inlying pens so comfortable that the lambs will not chill. Farmers are coming to Iowa in great numbers—train loads in some instances. Land is steadily going up all over the State. The State will get 20,000 back from the desert, and has the first real growth for many years. It is a very healthy growth, a growth resulting from its fine record as a reliable State in all weathers. Every neighborhod has reports of farms changing hands at enhanced prices. We saw a white rabbit—jack rabbit— at Webster City the other day that weighed ten pounds. We found upon inquiry that half a do/en had been killed in that neighborhood lately. We saw one in Winnebago county last fall and conclude that they are coming game. They are very beautiful animals when fed fat on Iowa tame grasses and grain fields. Most other game is vanishing and we welcome them. A Texas paper advises the ranchmen to get high-grade bulls and not use any low grades. This policy has been pursued for years by people in Iowa, and those who pursue it will never have stock that will reliably respond to good usage. We can only secure good herds of milk- ers and feeders by getting so strong a strain of blood that they will reproduce themselves, and not breed back too many ancestors, sometimes one and sometimes another. The glucose people talk of stopping operations. Cheap sugar by the late tariff act is the cause. It will effect neigh borhoods where they are located, and the local markets for corn. As far as State economy is concerned, it is an open question. The refuse after extracting the sugar is a very valuable feed, and for many uses on the farm to which corn is usually put, it will go as far as corn whole will. Indeed, we are of .the opinion that being ground up and ready for assimilation it may be more valuable than whole corn. But this ia now being determined. We are of the opinion from all we can hear and see that the beet-sugar industry will interfere with profits of sugar making from corn. Several States giving bounties for sugar made within their limits interfere also with prospective profits by glucose makers. One of l t!ie best grounds of hope for hogs going up in value w fcefief that beef must go up. Beef is low and not being made this winter near so extensively as any of the past winters. This will surely tell sooner or later. Beef and pork have certain relations to each .other. When one is cheap and the other dear, the people buy the cheaper and help equalize prices, while the producers turn to the production of what pays best, and from the production of what pays least. The effects of the great corn crop of 1889 have been fully felt, and now the counter effects of the short crop of 1890 arc to be felt. Just as certain as lower prices followed the one, so surely will higher prices follow the other. Cause and effect has not been entirety obliterated by manip-, illation of the markets, nor has supply and demand, while those forces have been bettered to some extent. Sir John McDonald, of Canada, is opposed f.o unrestricted reciprocity with the United States. So are we. We hope John will win. We want to feed New England while she has exclusive privileges to manufacture for us. Fair play is a jewel. If Canada wants to become one or two or three of us, that will be different, but unrestricted reciprocity with an almost strictly agricultural country would disturb the West seriously. It would open up new fields for soil-robbing purposes and postpone for a long time any prospect for better prices for farm propucts. This reciprocity business with the agricultural nations of South America will do the West little good, but they are lazy and shiftless down there and will not do us very much harm, but the Canadians are thrifty fellows and would take our Eastern markets. So we pray for Sir John. The Canadians have gone us one better certainly. They have instituted an order of farmers with a decoration to it in the shape of gold medals, diplomas of "very great merit," "great merit" and "merit." How very English this is. What a form of ridicule would break over the land if our Governor should at the State fair decorate half a do/.en of our farmers with gold medals, half a do/.en more with silver medals, and a few more batches with orders of merit. The highest distinction an Iowa farmer can get from his fellows is their suffrages to preside over their meetings, to get their attention when he has anything to say, or to serve them in official capacity. There is however, something in the movement of the Canadians to reflect upon. They, in their peculiar way, set out to honor a deserving farmer, and thnrpi the honor will he appreciated. It is their way and we must respect it. It pays to select seeds for all crops. While wheat was grown in central Iowa we found it payed us well to send to Canada every third year for seed. We select corn .with care and choose only the finest ears. This should obtain with regard to all seeds. The finer the seed the more vigorous the plant. With regard to all our cereals, a change of seed is advisable. Good results have been had from getting seed for the black prairie soil from the clay ridges. Iowa grown seeds are preferable on cue account. Foreign seeds often contain Aveeds that are a perpetual pest, and also insect pests that are not native in our State. The clover pests that are common in other States are being introduced into Iowa, and although we do not hear much from them yet, we will in the near future. Our seed economy as a people is not very wise. We sell at threshing time and buy at seeding time. For Iowa seeds that are standard we prefer Iowa dealers, and pre fer to pay for tested seeds from abroad' Our city friends are stocking up with trotting horses all over the State. That is a very pleasant and we hope will be a very profitable diversion for them. It is not, however, the farmer's line until he comes to the point where he can afford a fancy driving team, and then we would advise the heavier sorts so they can do light farm work. We fear the effect of a speed horse in the farmer's stable. The boys should be taught first how to care for the draft colt, how to break and work him, and their horse talk to be healthy should he of him. The farm boy's nerves should never be tingled with 2:30 and better, and tales told about trotters. Once a year at the fair will be plenty of that. It will be profitable for them to study how a stylish carriage horse can be bred from the draft mare, what breeds should be used to bring it about. The town man's nerves will not suffer so much. He is more used to excitement. Betting should be shunned by the farm boy altogether, and the trotter tempts a little that way. It is certain that our animals are not multiplying faster than the people. There is the inevitable change going on east of the Mississippi that cheaper grassess and grains make imperative. The cattle breeding and feeding Jocacity is the grass and grain belt of the country. Illinois has fewer cattle. That state feels the force of cheaper laud farther west. Ohio some years ago began to reduce her cattle and increase her sheep flocks. Iowa cannot follow these states in this regard. She must improve as land raises in value. The sheep can be added and our present number of catfSe kept. We must see to it that they itre good enough, that our pastures are better, that we save fe'ed better, and save what is now wasted. If we could maintain old conditions, cheap land and indifferent animals, improvement of crops and herds would not spur so hard, but we can not. Land will rise in value, ft will call for interest on $40 and over an acre ns it did farther east, and wo must meet the conditions. The Iowa fanner can not fold his hands and keep along with the tide of prosperity. Increasing population is calling for food and causing land (to rise. The Iowa farmer must get clear away from the cow hoy, straw-stack, scrub crowd, or the soil will excuse him very -certainly, Some of us may feel amazed -that the times call for better things, better horses, better cattle and sheep, better .butter and cheese, better pastures and more sure saving fodder, but it is too late to lament. This is 1891 and this is Iowa, and we have responsibilities and opportunities here that few farmers arc called upon to discharge and enjoy. __ _ Higher priced land *\nd smaller farms will bring about greater returns from an acre, as more thought .and more work is devoted to it. It is very easy to anticipate much more average returns from an acre; otherwise how are coming millions to be fed? There are said to be farms under those we cultivate, and it must be or increrse of population could not take place. Those who desire to realize now from lands what our successors must have, only anticipate the necessity of management, to pursue what will occur when the land must yield more. The owner of a limited number of acres may profitably begin new processess that our successors must pursue. One of the most certain is the return of all possible fertil-. ixcrs. If we save all liquid manures and grow green crops for stall and rack feeding we will adopt ahead one method that will come in vogue when necessity compels it. To this end the liquids should run from the stable into a common receptacle. It can be carted to the field or syringed over the course manures in the barn yard before they are hauled out. It is ready for assimilation at once by the plants. It would be a very profitable turn for the small farmer to take. The question of maintaining the fertility of the soil is now with us and will remain with us. We do not use our course ma nures with care and judgment. Poor land does not pinch enough yet. It will pinch more, and we must economize fertilizers. This applies to farmers great and small, but getting two crops from land that has had liquid manures applied, and doubling the dairy cows on the small farm, doubles the value of the acre and greatly increases the income. Our best farming is generally clone by snug farmers who see to it that their lands work well and utilize everything within reach. This waste can be stopped by such men easily, and returns from it are certain. N&tVMllKD. 13AI1LEY VOn FEED. BELLE FLAIKE, Iowa, Feb. 13.— You speak of barley as having good feeding qualities. A veterinarian from Canada conversing with the writer not long since, said barley was extremely hard on stock, as it cut the very stomach out. Have you any information on this question? FRED W. BiunvN. Barley has been feed since history began, and indeed many countries have little or no other grain. It is fed raw, steamed, boiled, hulled, ground and cracked, and always, as far as we know, with advantage. We never knew it to be fed in the sheaf. In that way it might not be good. The awns or beards might be injurious, but clean barlej' is a healthy feed. Barley is strong as a food for growing and working animals. It has not the fat of oats or corn, but as a practical food it does not differ much from oats. It has less fat and less ash and more carbohydrates. We would grind, soak 01 steam it, and we think it will do the stomach no harm. At present oats are poor and dear and not in the reach of practical farmers. When it is plenty and cheap we need little else for growing anc! working animals, but now we must use other things. I'OK 1JKK1' 1 . Iowa will have as good cattle us hei pastures will maintain just as soon as her farmers see fit to suit the cattle to the pastures. The native cattle of the coun try must be the basis of our herds, anc we must first study them. The native not worthy of our pastures because when we trace them back to their origin anc from that follow them up through pio neer life and hard conditions we find tha they are not prepared for their presen keeping. The natives are healthy, hardy animals, suited to indifferent usage, goo'C and bad, bred by chance and with no se't tied object in view. They make good work cattle, good rustlers, some of them good milkers, some good feeders, but no certainty as to anything. They have been straw-stack cattle, stalk field cattle, range cattle in summer, browsing in winter They mature slowly, and only a smal percent, of them made fine beeves. Early conditions in Iowa required just such cat tie, but times have changed. The range in summer is gone, and t stalk -field is going. : $40 an acre land calls for something else—something more certain in the dairy and feed yard. Cat tie sell at from two to six cents a pounc in Chicago. The higher grades pay, the lower grades do not. The newer settlec portions of our country can continue to breed and rear low priced cattle and have some profit with conditions that obtainec in Iowa some years ago, but withcbang ed conditions we must change our management of cattle. Our lands will keep letter cattle, will keep the best cattle, and if thfty are to return interest on pres- nt values we must improve. We must ook to similar soils ami intelligent peo- le for something to tesprove with. The work to be done in the Mne of Improving 9 to raise low-grade tattle by grading up rom low sellers to high sellers. We require first, better blood, and next, better ceeping. lo^ra has the keeping ready, state has finer grassees or grows more an an acre. No state i\m cheaper grains or soil to grow them so abundently. Svery steer and heifer fcirat leaves our itate should and could go into the higher elling classess. Our gracing season is not as long as on latitudes farther south, >ut our aeres grow as much grass during he year as pastures elsewhere. The most profitable beef is grown on grass, ,nd every farmer in Iowa can have plenty of grass. We send to market many first:lass steers, perhaps more than any other tate, but we send far more that are not econd-rate nor third rate. The farmer who desires to sell prime beeves must lave a settled purpose and work toward He must use the beef breeds to carry out. Ho will never reach success by ising a Shorthorn this time and a Holstein next. Nor will he be certain where he vill land if he mixes the beef breeds be- ond one cross, and feed all the progeny. We are not advocating any line of business nor any one breed. If you prefer iiiy particular breed, get the best of it ,nd stick to it. You will reach the first Jass of the beef breeds in the beef market ind you will get to the front as a dairyman with any of the milk breeds, but never cross them with the intention of breading from the crosses. Infinite mis- ihief has been done to the cattle of many neighborhoods by first using a Shorthorn, hen a Holstein, then a Jersey or a Black Poll, and so around the breeds. The remit is a beast that nobody wants. If fou desire beef and milk as most Iowa 'armers do, stick to one breed for that. Selection will give you what you want in ,ime, and the generous soil of Iowa will iclp you out wonderfully. If you have -he little Jersey, select and feed, and after several generations you will have argercattle. If you have Shorthorns, select and you will soon have good milk- :rs. In fact you can by selection get good nilkers from most of the beef breeds. In selecting for beef, among the beef breeds, get the beef form, the thick crops, the evel loin, the round rib, the mellow hide and thick hips. In selecting among beef breeds for the milker you must be satisfied with thin thighs so as to leave room for the milk vessel. You must get the iivbit through sire's clam and grand dam. You must breed early and milk long. You must keep the calf away from the cow. If you want beef alone, you may let the calf suck. The cow will nurse it for six months and go dry. But the first prerequisit is, determine what you want and then work toward it. Oats Iggs ........... 14 Cattle. $2.00 @ $4.00 Wheat ... .70 @ .75 Flax ....... ... 1.05 .14 attle $3 @400 Wheat 83. Flax 1.05 Slic wa« Completely Cured. A daughter of my customer suffered from suppressed menstruation, and her health \yas completely wrecked. At my suggestion she used one bottle of Bradfield's Female Regulator, which cured her. J. W. HELLUMS, Water Valley, Miss. Write the Bradlield Reg. Co., Atlanta, Ga., for particulars. Sold by Dr. L. A. Sheet?, and F. W. Dlngley. 21-25 Physical culture! What is physical culture? The present aim and the certain result of this new "fad" include the attainment of good health and a fine form; and a fine form outranks a pretty face in the popular estimate of physical beauty. Who is not willing to intake some effort for such a desirable attainment? It is not so difficult, after all—if you only know how; and if you want to know how you may learn from the April number of Demorest's Family Magazine, which contains a splendid article on "Physical Culture," by Prof. E. B. Warman, A. M., giving a course of exercises, profusely illustrated, which will help everybod}'— man, woman or child—to acquire a graceful, supple form, and without going to a gymnasium, or even spending a cent foi apparatus. (!£lf°Prof. Warman is well known to the teachers of Kossuth county, every one ol whom has felt a keener interest in physical culture because of him, and everyone will enjoy his series of illustrated articles in the Demorest. The Magazine is $2.00 a year. Demorest and REPUBLICAN $3.05. Subscribe at once. If food sours on the stomach digestion is defective. DeWitt's Little Early Risers will remedy this. The famous little pills that never gripe and never disappoint For sale by Dr. Sheet?.. STATEMENT -OF- THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK At Algona, in the State of Iowa, at the close o business, February 'M>, IKUI. KESOUHCISS. Loans and discounts i $71,glG.(ii Overdrafts, secured and unsecured— 3,275.2< U. S. bonds to secure circulation 13.000.0C Duo from approved Heservo Agents §8,172.14 Due from other Nat'l Hanks. 4,373.39 12,544.£ Banking-house Furniture, and Fixtures (i.'JOO.o Other Heal listate, and mortg's owned 5,008.0 uuiTont expenses and taxes paid 279.3 Premiums paid 2,000.01 Checks and other cash items $1,111.9:1 Hills of other hanks 1,050.00 Fractional paper currency, nickels, and cents 93.ua Specie 2,014.50 Legal tender notes 0,000.00 11,070.1 Redemption fund with U. S. Treasurer (5 per cent, of circulation) 085.0 Total $127,608.8 LIABILITIES. Capital stock paid In Do.ooo.oc Surplus fund 4,000.0 Undivided profits 2.00U.2 National Hank notes outstanding 31,700.01 Individual deposits subject to check .SGU,434.'J7 Demand certiii'tes of deposit 3.4U7.04 ,00,002.6 Total ijm.GUf.S State of Iowa, County of Kossuth--ss. I, J. C. lilackford, Cashier of f.,e above nam ed b.-iuk, do solemnly swear that the abov statement is true to the best of my knowledge and belief. J. C. BLACKFOKD, Cashier. Subscribed and sworn to before me this otl flay of Mar., 1891. UAKUNKB COWLKB, —Attest: Notary Public, AMIUIOSIC A. CALL. ) C. B. HUTCHINS, VDicectora. WM. K. Fjijiywsojf. J KOSSUTH 00. MARKETS. Market reports from every town In the conn- ' published regularly each week. Reports rom Wesley and -luverwe are made Tuesday veiling. Reports from Whittemore, Bancroft, 3urt and Algona made Wednesday morning. To Correspbmltflits: Be cartful to qtiote the rices actually pnld Hie day the report Is made. A1XJONA. $ .41 Corn $ .42 Butter ....... 18 Hogs ........ 8.00 Barley ..... 45 <a> .50 Timothy ..... "1.00 Oats ....... ...$ .41 Corn ........$ .40 Eggs ........ ,. .14 Butter .10 (ffl .18 Dattle ...... $4.00 Hogs$2.90 @ $8.00 fifheat ......... 70 Barley ..... '. . .50 x .......... $1.50 Hay .......... 8.00 Oats. •\VJ581YK1'. .40 Corn shelled. $ .40 Butter 10 Hogs 8.10 Barley 55 Timothy 1.00 lay, loose 4.00 WJUTTEMOKK. (Last week's report.) Oats 40 Corn 40 Eggs 15 Butter 18 Cattle .$2.00 @ 3.00 Hogs $8.10 Wheat Barley 50@.55 Flax 1.05 Hay, loose .. $3.75 Organs. L. Lessing has several styles of organs which ho will sell at low figures. Also ewing machines on good terms and .heap. 47-tf Noticte for Tax Deed. To 11. g. Owin and M. Richardson. You are hereby notified that on tho nth'day if December, 1S8B, tho Treasurer of Koasuth ounty. Iowa, at a. tax sale held at the Court louse in Algonn in said comity, sold the fol- owlng described real estate situated in said 'ourity to U. J. Danson for tho delinquent taxes hereon, vi/.: The, undivided one-seventh of ho north one-half of the south west quarter of notion six township 07 north of range, 27 west if tho r> p. in. Iowa. And that the certificate of ale thereof has been assigned to the under- Igned who is the lawful owner and holder hereof. And that the right of redemption will .xpiro and a deed bo made by the Treasmer of aid County conveying said premises to the un- lersigned pursuant to the statute in such cases made and provided, unless redemption from ucli .sale be made within ninety days of the lompleto service of this notice. VV. C. DANSON. THE COMPLETE LIFE OF GEN. WM. T.SHERMAN By GEN. 0.0. HOWARD. Now In press, printed in English, and German, The best opportunity ever offered agents, Out- it only 3!Jc. Send for it at once. .Sold only by subscription. Liberal terms. The Columbian Publishing & Purchasing Co., Rookery Building, Chicago. 23-20 K IDD'S GERM EKADI.CATOR — Positively cures all diseases, because it Kills the germs, uicrobes, and all aniiiialciilue (In the human system). The air inhaled, water drank, vegetables and fruit eaten, arc teeming with these to ;he naked eye imperceptible littieworms,known oy the above names, causing catarrh, consumption, diabetes, Bright's disease, cancers,tumors, and all so-called incurable diseases. (Never uiown to fail to cure consumption, catarrh.Uid- ney troubles, syphilis.) Retailed in $2,.$,'!.§5;sixes sent anywhere on rect, of price, or C.O.D. if desired. The Am. Till & Mod. Co, royalty prop's, Spencer, Clay Co. la. Sold wholesale and retail in Algona by Dr. Sheet/, druggist. 20-9-yr A GREATPRIZE! .t One ' a< ;$ now a subscriber, sending. the -TRIBUNE Co. One Dollar can get the- famous picture, the "Eussian Wedding Feast," Free by Mall with The Dally and Sunday Tribune 0 weeks or the Daily (wMout Sunday) 8 weeks or the Evening Tribune ig weeks or the Sunday Tribune 20 weeks- or the Farmers Weekly Tribune 52 weeks • This offer is good until Juno H 1891. The picture is a beautiful work of art Reproduced in all the beautiful colors of the original painting, 24x17 inches. Send at once and secure a handsome prize. Postage stamps to tho amount of $1 will be accepted. Address THE TRIBUNE CO., Minneapolis, Minn. Regular Subscription rates by Mall. Dall ly (o days) Sundays only ............. Farmers' Weekly ........... . . i on 700 175 700..200 BO 2 r- EveniiiK Tribune ............. 40 in Mr' ' "5 40C TO BE SURE ! WE HAVE ON HAND Warranty Deed blanks. . ......... ^Vol! Quit Claim Deed blanks .......... '. ....... " g , Lease blanks .............. ..... i x}: Real Estate Mortgage blanks. . ".'.'..'.'.'.'.'." Inn Chattel Mortgage blanks ............. ooe <& i oo < Satisfaction of Mortgage blanks ...... .... .T 1 oo- Original Notice blanks .............. r,oc<foi m Teacher's Contract blanks ..... . .... i no- Teacher's Kcport blanks .............. ...... i on. Teacher's Term Report Cards ........ ..... i m Land Contract blanks ............. " " i on ,H tl » Ctf f 5 V i B , u ,", tll ¥ 8chot)1 House W'" 1 ' 1 " 1 0(l tice of Trial blanks ......... r,n Probate of Will blanks ........... '. ......... r Tax Sale Notice blanks ............. ....... m Petition blanks ........... ... .. ........... i no A few District Township blanks ..'.'..'.'.' 25© Do Orders on District Treasurer, in books, each 7f> Oath blanks for Sub-Director ........ f>o TJIaiik Ueceipt Books, each .......... '... Vt Notes (bound in books) each ............ .' r.o iHnf, . to Ol>llcr - Wo also do all kinds of job printing. Address, THE 11EPUBLICAN, Algona, Iowa. LEGAL BLANKS -FOR SALE- At REPUBLICAN OFFICE A pamphlet of Information andnb- strnotof tho laws, showing How to Obtuin Puteuts, Caveats, Trade Copyrights, sent Irce. N9UNN &. CO. iOl Broadway, New York. Farm for Sale. 120 acres near the village of Burt. Partly improved. For sale at a "bargain. Inquire at Republican office. NORTHERN IOWA NORMAL SCHOOL! Algona, Bowa. This institution offers superior advantages in the following particulars: Business, Academic, and Normal. Its aim is thorough, practical work in all branches taken up—nothing slighted, nothing done for show. It makes a specialty of fitting Teachers for their work,, and has succeeded so well that it has more calls for qualified teachers than it can fill. Its; Academic students are admitted, without examination, to the leading institutions of the state. Its work is endorsed by Co. Supt. Carey, and superintendents of other counties send to< us for teachers. It offers cheap board, low rates of tuition, the personal acquaintance and infiuen.ce of the faculty. Further information furnished 011 application to H, B, McCOLLUM, A, B,, Prin,, Algona, Iowa.. Spring Term opens March 31. '23-20 YOU OUR Spring Goods ARE HERE, A SPRING SUIT An Elegant Line At better prices than ever. Call and see our New Styles and inspect our prices. J. K. Fill & Son.